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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610523

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of YouTube videos in Spanish on the basic measures to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: On 18 March 2020, a search was conducted on YouTube using the terms "Prevencion Coronavirus" and "Prevencion COVID-19". We studied the associations between the type of authorship and the country of publication with other variables (such as the number of likes and basic measures to prevent COVID-19 according to the World Health Organization, among others) with univariate analysis and a multiple logistic regression model. RESULTS: A total of 129 videos were evaluated; 37.2% were produced in Mexico (25.6%) and Spain (11.6%), and 56.6% were produced by mass media, including television and newspapers. The most frequently reported basic preventive measure was hand washing (71.3%), and the least frequent was not touching the eyes, nose, and mouth (24.0%). Hoaxes (such as eating garlic or citrus to prevent COVID-19) were detected in 15 videos (10.9%). In terms of authorship, papers produced by health professionals had a higher probability of reporting hand hygiene (OR (95% CI) = 4.20 (1.17-15.09)) and respiratory hygiene (OR (95% CI) = 3.05 (1.22-7.62)) as preventive measures. CONCLUSION: Information from YouTube in Spanish on basic measures to prevent COVID-19 is usually not very complete and differs according to the type of authorship. Our findings make it possible to guide Spanish-speaking users on the characteristics of the videos to be viewed in order to obtain reliable information.


Asunto(s)
Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Educación en Salud/normas , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Grabación en Video , Betacoronavirus , Estudios Transversales , Decepción , Higiene de las Manos , Humanos , Lenguaje , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , México , España
3.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(2): 273-278, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102473

RESUMEN

Nunca a saúde e a política pareceram estar tão relacionadas como nesta pandemia da Covid-19. Tomando como exemplo o noticiário do jornal Folha de S.Paulo entre janeiro e maio de 2020, analisamos as características que singularizam a cobertura da imprensa brasileira sobre essa síndrome respiratória recém descoberta. O avanço da doença e o anúncio da pandemia pela Organização Mundial de Saúde levaram a uma superexposição do assunto nos meios de comunicação, chegando a um limite na produção jornalística, de março até a primeira quinzena de abril. Isso ocorreu antes de se verificar o aumento na curva de casos. Depois, a crise política deflagrada com a pandemia provocou uma redução gradativa das publicações, até o fim de maio, contrapondo-se à subida de casos, em um período de agravamento da doença.


Health and politics appear closely related in the COVID-19 pandemic, more than ever. Taking as an example the news from the Brazilian newspaper Folha de S.Paulo from January to May 2020, we analyze the characteristics that differentiate the press coverage about this newly discovered severe acute respiratory syndrome in Brazil. The progress of the disease and the announcement of the pandemic by the World Health Organization, on March 11, led to an overexposure of the subject in the media, reaching a limit in journalistic production, from March until the first half of April. This occurred even before an increase in the curve of COVID-19 cases in Brazil. Later on, the political crisis caused a gradual reduction in publications, until the end of May, opposing the rise in cases, in a period of worsening disease.


Nunca antes la salud y la política parecían estar tan estrechamente relacionadas como en esta pandemia de Covid-19. Tomando como ejemplo las noticias del periódico brasileño Folha de S.Paulo entre enero y mayo de 2020, analizamos las características que hacen que la cobertura de la prensa de este síndrome respiratorio agudo severo recientemente descubierto sea única en Brasil. El avance de la enfermedad y el anuncio de la pandemia por parte de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, el 11 de marzo, condujeron a una sobreexposición del tema en los medios, llegando a un límite en la producción periodística, de marzo hasta la primera quincena de abril. Esto ocurrió incluso antes de que hubiera un aumento en la curva de casos en Brasil. Posteriormente, la crisis política desencadenada por la pandemia provocó una reducción gradual de las publicaciones, hasta finales de mayo, oponiéndose al aumento de los casos, en un período de agravación de la enfermedad.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Periodismo , Pandemias , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Brasil , Comunicación y Divulgación Científica , Políticas Públicas de Salud
4.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(2): 307-328, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102488

RESUMEN

O artigo objetiva analisar a cobertura midiática do desastre socioambiental ocorrido em 2018, em Barcarena, no Pará, e discutir tanto as diferenças entre a duração do desastre (prolongada) e a duração da cobertura (concentrada), quanto os direcionamentos de escuta entre a repercussão de eventos gerados por vozes oficiais/institucionais e a presença/ausência de vozes populares de comunidades e movimentos sociais. Como resultado, apresenta três momentos de análise dos dados coletados em clipping nacional ao longo de oito meses: uma análise quantitativa da frequência da cobertura indicando alcance e duração da visibilidade midiática; um recorte quanti-quali apontando como a mídia agenda e promove enquadramento por meio das fontes acionadas na produção da notícia; e uma análise qualitativa, na perspectiva de colonial, de como aparecem na cobertura do desastre as vozes historicamente silenciadas. Para compreender o desastre como processo, busca-se antes situar o contexto da mineração na Amazônia a partir do aporte da Ecologia Política.


The article aims to analyze the media coverage of the socio-environmental disaster that occurred in 2018, in Barcarena, Pará, and to discuss both the differences between the duration of the disaster (prolonged) and the duration of the coverage (concentrated), as well as the listening directions between the repercussion events generated by official/institutional voices and the presence/absence of popular voices from communities and social movements. As a result, it presents three moments of analysis of data collected in national clipping over eight months: a quantitative analysis of the frequency of coverage indicating reach and duration of media visibility; a quanti-quali cut pointing out how the media schedules and promotes framing through the sources used in the production of the news; a qualitative analysis, in the decolonial perspective, of how historically silenced voices appear in the coverage of the disaster. To understand disaster as a process, we first seek to situate the context of mining in the Amazon from the perspective of Political Ecology.


El artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la cobertura mediática del desastre socioambiental ocurrido en 2018, en Barcarena, en Pará, y discutir tanto las diferencias entre la duración del desastre (prolongada) y la duración de la cobertura (concentrada) en cuanto a los direccionamientos de la escucha entre la repercusión de eventos generados por voces oficiales/institucionales y la presencia/ausencia de voces populares de comunidades y movimientos sociales. Como resultado, presenta tres momentos de análisis de los datos recogidos en clipping nacional a lo largo de ocho meses: un análisis cuantitativo de la frecuencia de la cobertura indicando alcance y duración de la visibilidad mediática; un recorte cuanti-quali señalando cómo los medios de comunicación agenda y promueve encuadre a través de las fuentes impulsadas en la producción de las noticias; y un análisis cualitativo, desde la perspectiva decolonial, de cómo aparecen en la cobertura del desastre las voces históricamente silenciadas. Para entender el desastre como proceso se busca, primero, situar el contexto de la minería en la Amazonía a partir del aporte de la Ecología Política.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Desastre Industrial , Contaminación Ambiental , Periodismo Ambiental , Comunicación Ambiental , Minería , Brasil , Recolección de Datos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas
5.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(2): 431-443, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102832

RESUMEN

O estudo que fundamenta este artigo parte das premissas de que o Jornal Nacional da Rede Globo é um jornal de referência e de grande audiência, e de que a imprensa, ao enfocar determinado assunto, e apresentar um enquadramento específico para tal tema ­ no caso, o consumo do crack e as consequências sociais desse consumo ­ influencia, de certa forma, a percepção pública sobre o tema. Quais são os enquadramentos midiáticos dados ao consumo do crack e às implicações sociais da droga na cobertura televisiva feita pelo Jornal Nacional, da Rede Globo? O objetivo é compreender os enquadramentos fornecidos pelo telejornal acerca do consumo do crack, a partir da análise sobre o modo como esse noticiário organiza o conteúdo informativo. Foi aplicada a análise de conteúdo nas reportagens veiculadas no JN no período de 2012 a 2017 e nas entrevistas realizadas com os repórteres responsáveis pela cobertura. Identificamos que o telejornal enquadrou o consumo do crack e as implicações sociais decorrentes do uso da droga como um problema de saúde pública e como um problema social crônico (em menor medida), por um lado; e, por outro, como um problema de segurança pública, em maior medida. A maneira como esse telejornal organiza e dá sentido à questão pode, potencialmente, influir na formulação de políticas públicas, assim como na maneira como a sociedade interpreta o assunto e dá significado ao quadro social do fenômeno do consumo do crack.


The study presented in this article is based on the assumptions that the Jornal Nacional (National News), broadcast by Rede Globo (Globe television networking), is a reference and large audience newscast and that the press, in focusing on a certain subject and presenting a specific framework for some theme ­ in this case, crack use and the social consequences of this use ­ influences, to some extent, the public perception of the topic. What are the frameworks given by media coverage to crack use and the social implications of the drug on televisionthrough the newscast called Jornal Nacional, broadcast by Rede Globo? The goal is to understand the frameworks provided by this newscast about crack consumption, based on the analysis of how it organizes informative content. The content analysis was applied to the reports exhibited in JN from 2012 to 2017 and to interviews with reporters responsible for the coverage of the crack. We identified that the newscast framed the crack use and the social implications of the drug use as a public health problem and as a chronic (to a lesser extent) social problem, on the one hand; and as a public safety issue to a greater extent on the other hand. The way of this newscast organizing and to give meaning to the issue can potentially influence the formulation of public policies, as well as the way of society interpreting the issue and to give meaning to the social context of the crack consumption phenomenon.


El estudio que fundamenta este artículo parte de los supuestos de que el Jornal Nacional de la Rede Globo es un noticiero de referencia y de mucha audiencia, y que la prensa, al centrarse en un tema en particular y presentar un marco específico para ese tema ­ en este caso, el uso del crack y las consecuencias sociales del uso del crack ­ influye, en cierta medida, en la percepción pública del problema. ¿Cuáles son los marcos mediáticos dados al uso de crack y a las implicaciones sociales de la droga en la cobertura televisiva de Jornal Nacional de la Rede Globo? El objetivo es comprender los marcos proporcionados por las noticias del telediario acerca del consumo de crack, basada en el análisis de como ese noticiero organiza el contenido informativo. El análisis de contenidos se aplicó a los reportajes difundidas en el JN de 2012 hasta 2017 y a las entrevistas con los reporteros responsables de la cobertura del crack. Identificamos que el noticiero enmarcó el uso del crack y las implicaciones sociales del uso suyo como un problema de salud pública y como un problema social crónico (en menor medida), por un lado; y como un problema de seguridad pública en mayor medida, por otro lado. La manera como ese telediario organiza y da sentido al problema pueden potencialmente influir en la formulación de políticas públicas, así como en la forma de la sociedad interpretar el tema y de dar sentido al contexto social del fenómeno del consumo de crack.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Política Pública , Drogas Ilícitas , Cocaína Crack , Periodismo , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Violencia , Brasil , Vulnerabilidad Social
6.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(2): 416-430, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102804

RESUMEN

Este artigo aborda a questão das convocações biopolíticas em torno das vias de nascimento, parto e cesariana, identificadas em dois grandes jornais de circulação nacional: Folha de S.Paulo e O Estado de S. Paulo. Considerados como dispositivos, segundo conceito adotado, esses veículos de mídia propagam o paradoxo: normal e seguro é fazer cesariana; estranho e arriscado é o parto normal. No entanto, mais do que propagarem o discurso em prol da cesariana, essas mídias convocam os leitores, com enunciados ancorados no medo, no controle do corpo e na bioeconomia. A constatação resultou da investigação conceitual realizada nas 390 reportagens sobre o tema publicadas nesses dois jornais entre 2010 a 2015. O período é marcado pelo crescimento constante do número dessas cirurgias no Brasil, o que chegou a ser considerado uma epidemia pela Organização Mundial de Saúde.


This article approaches the issue of biopolitical calls for the processof childbirth, to give birth spontaneouly or surgical procedure known as caesarean section, identified in two major newspapers having national circulation in Brazil: Folha de S.Paulo and O Estado de S. Paulo. Considered as devices, according with the concept taken into account in this study, these media vehicles propagate this paradox: Normal and safe is caesarean section. Strange and risky is normal birth. However, rather than propagating the discourse in favour of caesarean section, these media invite their readers to choose this surgery, with statements anchored in fear, body control and bioeconomy. The findings are resulted from the conceptual investigation conducted in the 390 articles on the theme published in these two newspapers between 2010 and 2015. The period is marked by the steady increasing number of these surgeries in Brazil, which was considered an epidemic by the World Health Organization.


Este artículo aborda el tema de las llamadas biopolíticas acerca de las maneras como nacer, parto y cesárea, identificadas en dos importantes periódicos de difusión nacional en Brasil: Folha de S.Paulo y O Estado de S. Paulo. Considerados como dispositivos, según el concepto adoptado en este estudio, estos vehículos de comunicación propagan la paradoja: lo normal y seguro es la cesárea. Extraño y arriesgado es el parto normal. Sin embargo, más que propagar el discurso a favor de la cesárea, estos medios convocan a sus lectores, con declaraciones ancladas en el miedo, el control corporal y la bioeconomía. La conclusión a que se ha llegado resultó de la investigación conceptual realizada en los 390 artículos sobre el tema publicados en estos dos periódicos entre 2010 y 2015. El período está marcado por el crecimiento constante del número de estas cirugías en Brasil, fenómeno que la Organización Mundial de la Salud consideró una epidemia.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Brasil , Cesárea , Comunicación , Parto , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Embarazo , Periodismo , Parto Normal , Periódicos como Asunto
8.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(5)2020 May 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413984

RESUMEN

In a special issue that focuses on complex presentations related to Autism, we ask the question in this editorial whether an Autism Spectrum Condition without complexity is a disorder, or whether it represents human diversity? Much research into Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASCs) over the years has focused on comparisons between neuro-typical people and people with Autism Spectrum Conditions. These comparisons have tended to draw attention to 'deficits' in cognitive abilities and descriptions of behaviours that are characterised as unwanted. Not surprisingly, this is reflected in the classification systems from the World Health Organisation and the American Psychiatric Association. Public opinion about ASC may be influenced by presentations in the media of those with ASC who also have intellectual disability. Given that diagnostic systems are intended to help us better understand conditions in order to seek improved outcomes, we propose a more constructive approach to descriptions that uses more positive language, and balances descriptions of deficits with research finding of strengths and differences. We propose that this will be more helpful to individuals on the Autism Spectrum, both in terms of individual self-view, but also in terms of how society views Autism Spectrum Conditions more positively. Commentary has also been made on guidance that has been adjusted for people with ASC in relation to the current COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno Autístico , Opinión Pública , Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Trastorno Autístico/complicaciones , Trastorno Autístico/diagnóstico , Trastorno Autístico/psicología , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Personas con Discapacidad , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Autoimagen
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349253

RESUMEN

Governments faced with the spread of COVID-19 pandemic are adopting strict and severe mitigation measures to influence people's behaviors. Public perception of health risk plays a key role in the adoption of these actions, in people's feelings, and in their daily habits. To support decision makers from international to local levels to face with future sanitary emergencies, this study aims at investigating Italian public perceptions of health risk. To this purpose, a questionnaire was designed and administered within the period of Italian COVID-19 lockdown and quarantine to almost 9000 citizens in Italy and abroad. The obtained results highlight a significative influence that mass media play on both the level of knowledge and the feelings of the respondents. The findings also point out future variations of some perceived behaviors consequent to the COVID-19 outbreak.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Coronavirus , Urgencias Médicas , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Gestión de Riesgos , Betacoronavirus , Información de Salud al Consumidor , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Toma de Decisiones , Brotes de Enfermedades , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Pandemias , Percepción , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Cuarentena , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
10.
Int Orthop ; 44(6): 1019-1022, 2020 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449044

RESUMEN

The media play a key role in promoting public health and influencing debate regarding health issues; however, some topics seem to generate a stronger response in the public, and this may be related to how the media construct and deliver their messages. Mass media coverage of COVID-19 epidemic has been exceptional with more than 180,000 articles published each day in 70 languages from March 8 to April 8, 2020. One may well wonder if this massive media attention ever happened in the past and if it has been finally proven to be beneficial or even just appropriate. Surgical site and implant-related infections represent a substantial part of health care-associated infections; with an estimated overall incidence of 6% post-surgical infection, approximately 18 million new surgical site infections are expected each year globally, with 5 to 10% mortality rate and an astounding economic and social cost. In the current mediatic era, orthopaedic surgeons need to refocus some of their time and energies from surgery to communication and constructive research. Only raising mediatic awareness on surgical site and implant-related infections may tune up the volume of silent epidemics to a level that can become audible by governing institutions.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Epidemias/estadística & datos numéricos , Comunicación en Salud/métodos , Infecciones/epidemiología , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Betacoronavirus , Infección Hospitalaria/epidemiología , Humanos , Incidencia , Pandemias , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/epidemiología , Salud Pública , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/epidemiología
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443712

RESUMEN

Health personnel and community workers are at the front line of the COVID-19 emergency response and need to be equipped with adequate knowledge related to epidemics for an effective response. This study aimed to identify the coverage of COVID-19 health information via different sources accessed by health workers and community workers in Vietnam. A cross-sectional study using a web-based survey was carried out from January to February 2020 in Vietnam. Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) was used for recruiting participants. We utilized the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to examine the construct validity of the questionnaire. A higher percentage of participants knew about "Clinical and pathogen characteristics of COVID-19", compared to "Regulations and policies related to COVID-19". The percentage of participants accessing the information on "Guidelines and policies on prevention and control of COVID-19" was the lowest, especially among medical students. "Mass media and peer-educators" channels had a higher score of accessing COVID-19 information, compared to "Organizations/ agencies/ associations" sources. Participants consumed most of their COVID-19 information via "Internet, online newspapers, social networks". Our findings indicate an urgency to re-design training programs and communication activities for a more effective dissemination of information related to the COVID-19 epidemic or epidemics in general.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Adulto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Estudiantes de Medicina , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Vietnam , Adulto Joven
12.
J Public Health Manag Pract ; 26(4): 334-344, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433388

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: COVID-19 was characterized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020. This research aims to analyze the public health strategies to prevent and control COVID-19 in Shanghai, China, and provide recommendations for public health policy and interventions in the United States. PROGRAM: Based on the Social-Ecological Model, this research collected information for public health strategies from the Shanghai Municipal Health Commission and various Chinese websites. EVALUATION: The daily confirmed new cases of COVID-19 decreased from 27 to 0 in 53 days since the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed in Shanghai on January 20, 2020. DISCUSSION: The pattern of daily confirmed new cases suggests the effectiveness of public health strategies. This research also provides recommendations on the development and improvements of public health strategies in the U.S. by acknowledging the differences in political and social systems between the two countries.


Asunto(s)
Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/organización & administración , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiología , Servicios de Salud Comunitaria/organización & administración , Educación en Salud/organización & administración , Recursos en Salud/organización & administración , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Salud Pública , Vigilancia en Salud Pública/métodos , Cuarentena/organización & administración , Estados Unidos
13.
Health Policy ; 124(7): 671-673, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425282

RESUMEN

As Corona virus is putting a huge stress on healthcare systems around the world, analysts of health policy will have to respond with starting up research on the consequences of current policies. In this paper, we propose an agenda for research of health policy from a governance perspective, focussing on the consequences of decision-making structures and practices, the mediatisation of the pandemic, the organisation of healthcare systems and the role of expertise.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Política de Salud , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Betacoronavirus , Toma de Decisiones en la Organización , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Competencia Profesional
14.
J Travel Med ; 27(3)2020 05 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32297935

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A key purpose of the International Health Regulations (IHR) is to prevent unwarranted interruptions to trade and travel during large and/or transnational infectious disease outbreaks. Nevertheless, such outbreaks continue to disrupt the travel industry. This aspect of the IHR has received little attention in the academic literature despite its considerable impact on affected States and commercial activity. This article outlines the challenges and gaps in knowledge regarding the relationship between outbreaks and the travel sector and discusses the opportunities for further research and policy work to overcome these challenges. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a literature review on the relationship between outbreaks and travel restrictions, with a particular focus on the 2014-16 Ebola epidemic in West Africa. This review was complemented by an expert roundtable at Chatham House and further supported by case studies and qualitative interviews. RESULTS: Numerous travel stakeholders are affected by, and affect, large-scale infectious disease outbreaks. These stakeholders react in different ways: peer pressure plays an important role for both governments and the travel sector, and the reactions of the media and public influence and are influenced by these stakeholders. While various data sources on travel are available, and World Health Organization is mandated to work with States, there is no recognized coordinating body to disseminate timely, consistent, reliable and authoritative information and best practices to all stakeholders. CONCLUSION: This article highlights the interdependent relationship between various travel stakeholders. The reasons for interruption of travel during the 2014-16 Ebola outbreak were complex, with decisions by States only partly contributing to the cessation. Decisions by non-state actors, particularly the travel industry itself, contributed significantly and were based on a variety of factors. Further research, analysis and policy development are required to mitigate the health and economic consequences of infectious disease outbreaks. Any further research will also need to take account of COVID-19 travel-related issues.


Asunto(s)
Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Brotes de Enfermedades/prevención & control , Fiebre Hemorrágica Ebola/epidemiología , Viaje , África Occidental , Aeronaves , Betacoronavirus , Comunicación , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Toma de Decisiones , Fiebre Hemorrágica Ebola/historia , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Industrias , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral
15.
High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev ; 27(3): 259-264, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253743

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The American College of Cardiology (ACC) in USA and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in Europe have issued around 25 practice cardiology guidelines since 2008. The attention and impact of these guidelines have not been investigated yet. AIM: In this study, we aim to compare the attention brought up by ACC and ESC guidelines. METHODS: Guideline documents were defined as documents published by either the ACC or the ESC, where recommendations with a specific level of evidence are clearly indicated. These documents were posted on their respective websites. For each document, we extracted the attention on blogs, news, social media, and other platforms to calculate a total score known as the Altmetric Attention Score (AAS). Then we compared AAS, citations, and other indices between ACC and ESC guideline documents. RESULTS: A total of 26 US and 24 European cardiology guidelines were released between 2008 and 2018. We found a significant difference in the median AAS between American and European guidelines (p = 0.048). The median AAS for European and for American guidelines were 159 (104.25-392.5) and 79 (24-169.75), respectively. The US Contribution to the AAS was significantly higher than the European in both the European guidelines (p < 0.001, median contribution values were 7.6% vs 3.4%, respectively), and the American guidelines (p = 0.011, median contribution values were 12% vs 7%, respectively). CONCLUSION: The attention brought up by the European guideline documents was higher than the American guidelines, although most of the attention in both guidelines was contributed to by USA.


Asunto(s)
Atención , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Adhesión a Directriz/normas , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto/normas , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Blogging , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Estados Unidos
16.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 8(6): 1791-1794, 2020 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304834

RESUMEN

During the unprecedented times caused by the novel coronavirus disease 2019, there is rapidly evolving information and guidance. However, a focus must also be on proper and effective risk communication. This is especially the case during pandemics that have high rates of infection, significant morbidity, lack of therapeutic measures, and rapid increases in cases, all of which apply to the current coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. A consequence of poor risk communication and heightened risk perception is hoarding behavior, which can lead to lack of medications and personal protective equipment. One potential way to ensure appropriate risk communication is using social media channels, and ensuring an ongoing consistent media presence. Another important step is to include all stakeholders including members of the allergy community in broader public health messaging. As we continue to face unprecedented times in the allergy community, an understanding and appreciation of risk communication will be essential as we communicate with, and inform, our patients, and our colleagues, moving forward.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Salud Pública , Riesgo , Acceso a la Información , Falla de Equipo , Acaparamiento , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Equipo de Protección Personal/provisión & distribución , Medios de Comunicación Sociales
17.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0230967, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315312

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Media reporting on communicable diseases has been demonstrated to affect the perception of the public. Communicable disease reporting related to foreign-born persons has not yet been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: Examine how political leaning in the media affects reporting on tuberculosis (TB) in foreign-born persons. METHODS: HealthMap, a digital surveillance platform that aggregates news sources on global infectious diseases, was used. Data was queried for media reports from the U.S. between 2011-2019, containing the term "TB" or "tuberculosis" and "foreign born", "refugee (s)," or "im (migrants)." Reports were reviewed to exclude duplicates and non-human cases. Each media source was rated using two independent media bias indicators to assess political leaning. Forty-six non-tuberculosis reports were randomly sampled and evaluated as a control. Two independent reviewers performed sentiment analysis on each report. RESULTS: Of 891 TB-associated reports in the US, 46 referenced foreign-born individuals, and were included in this analysis. 60.9% (28) of reports were published in right-leaning news media and 6.5% (3) of reports in left-leaning media, while 39.1% (18) of the control group reports were published in left- leaning media and 10.9% (5) in right-leaning media (p < .001). 43% (20) of all study reports were posted in 2016. Sentiment analysis revealed that right-leaning reports often portrayed foreign-born persons negatively. CONCLUSION: Preliminary data from this pilot suggest that political leaning may affect reporting on TB in US foreign-born populations. Right-leaning news organizations produced the most reports on TB, and the majority of these reports portrayed foreign-born persons negatively. In addition, the control group comprised of non-TB, non-foreign born reports on communicable diseases featured a higher percentage of left-leaning news outlets, suggesting that reporting on TB in foreign-born individuals may be of greater interest to right-leaning outlets. Further investigation both in the U.S. and globally is needed.


Asunto(s)
Emigrantes e Inmigrantes , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Política , Tuberculosis/epidemiología , Monitoreo Epidemiológico , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Prejuicio , Opinión Pública , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
19.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(1): 32-35, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32303027

RESUMEN

The increase in organisms transference and infectious pandemics across the globe have been accelerated by an increase in travel, international exchange and global changes in earth's climate. COVID-19, a virus caused by the novel coronavirus that was initially identified on December 2019, in Wuhan city of China is currently affecting 146 territories, states and countries raising distress, panic and increasing anxiety in individuals exposed to the (actual or supposed) peril of the virus across the globe. Fundamentally, these concerns ascend with all infections, including those of flu and other agents, and the same worldwide safeguards are compulsory and suggested for protection and the prevention of further diffusion. However, media has underlined COVID-19 as rather an exclusive threat, which has added to panic and stress in masses which can lead to several mental health issues like anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder which should be contained immediately in its initial phases.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Salud Global , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Estrés Psicológico , Betacoronavirus , China , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático
20.
J Glob Health ; 10(1): 01040901, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32257175

RESUMEN

Background: "Public engagement" in science is a term that covers a broad spectrum of activities undertaken by the scientific community. The precise definitions are constantly evolving to incorporate new means of engagement, facilitated by emerging technologies. Global health research is amenable to community engagement and popularization, but it is difficult to know which strategies work best to attract considerable attention from the public. Methods: This is a review of the articles and documents that address the question of public engagement with topics in medical sciences, particularly in global health. Semantic searches were conducted using Google Scholar rather than indexed databases due to poor indexing of the topic. More than 1000 titles were screened and 48 articles were retained as most useful. It then moves to a more specific topic of the online public engagement in global health. Results: The review presents the attempts to define public engagement in science and its general importance, particularly in the field of global health. Examples of the latter include tobacco use, vaccination, and maternal and child health. In reviewing effective approaches to public engagement in global health through online video campaigns, it studies the examples of crowdfunding, USAID's First Public Engagement Campaign, World Health Organization's Social Media Campaigns and the impact of Global Health Media Project. Conclusions: This review reveals three key gaps in the understanding of determinants of effective online public engagement in global health. The mixed results of traditional mass media campaigns in global health emphasise the calls for more research on message content. A framework for effective message content would help in both raising awareness of key issues and creating behaviour change in the general public. Moreover, it is surprising to find no formal research on what constitutes effective video content in global health. Finally, few studies considered important metrics to track in social media campaigns. There is a clear need to investigate which video features are effective in global health online public engagement. Success will be defined through key video marketing metrics and tracked in order to isolate effective content features.


Asunto(s)
Salud Global/educación , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Salud Pública , Humanos , Internet
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