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1.
Global Health ; 16(1): 62, 2020 07 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660503

RESUMEN

In the first month of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, Sweden took the same strategy as most other countries, working to "flatten the curve," by slowing transmission so that the healthcare system could cope with the disease. However, unlike most other countries, much of Sweden's implementation focused on voluntary and stepwise action, rather than legislation and compulsory measures, leading to considerable attention in the international media.Six main narratives emerged in the international media reporting on Sweden during the first month of the COVID-19 pandemic: (1) Life is normal in Sweden, (2) Sweden has a herd immunity strategy, (3) Sweden is not following expert advice, (4) Sweden is not following WHO recommendations (5) the Swedish approach is failing and (6) Swedes trust the government. While these narratives are partially grounded in reality, in some media outlets, the language and examples used to frame the story distorted the accuracy of the reporting.This debate examines the ways in which international media both constructs and represents a pandemic, and the implications for how researchers engage with news and social media. Cross-country comparison and the sharing of best practice are reliant on accurate information. The Swedish example underlines the importance of fact checking and source critique and the need for precision when presenting data and statistics. It also highlights limitations of using culture as an explanation for behavior, and the pitfalls of evaluating policy during a pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Suecia/epidemiología
2.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(4): e19118, 2020 04 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302966

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In December 2019, a few coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases were first reported in Wuhan, Hubei, China. Soon after, increasing numbers of cases were detected in other parts of China, eventually leading to a disease outbreak in China. As this dreadful disease spreads rapidly, the mass media has been active in community education on COVID-19 by delivering health information about this novel coronavirus, such as its pathogenesis, spread, prevention, and containment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to collect media reports on COVID-19 and investigate the patterns of media-directed health communications as well as the role of the media in this ongoing COVID-19 crisis in China. METHODS: We adopted the WiseSearch database to extract related news articles about the coronavirus from major press media between January 1, 2020, and February 20, 2020. We then sorted and analyzed the data using Python software and Python package Jieba. We sought a suitable topic number with evidence of the coherence number. We operated latent Dirichlet allocation topic modeling with a suitable topic number and generated corresponding keywords and topic names. We then divided these topics into different themes by plotting them into a 2D plane via multidimensional scaling. RESULTS: After removing duplications and irrelevant reports, our search identified 7791 relevant news reports. We listed the number of articles published per day. According to the coherence value, we chose 20 as the number of topics and generated the topics' themes and keywords. These topics were categorized into nine main primary themes based on the topic visualization figure. The top three most popular themes were prevention and control procedures, medical treatment and research, and global or local social and economic influences, accounting for 32.57% (n=2538), 16.08% (n=1258), and 11.79% (n=919) of the collected reports, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Topic modeling of news articles can produce useful information about the significance of mass media for early health communication. Comparing the number of articles for each day and the outbreak development, we noted that mass media news reports in China lagged behind the development of COVID-19. The major themes accounted for around half the content and tended to focus on the larger society rather than on individuals. The COVID-19 crisis has become a worldwide issue, and society has become concerned about donations and support as well as mental health among others. We recommend that future work addresses the mass media's actual impact on readers during the COVID-19 crisis through sentiment analysis of news data.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Brotes de Enfermedades , Comunicación en Salud , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/virología , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidad , China/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Brotes de Enfermedades/prevención & control , Brotes de Enfermedades/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Salud Mental , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Opinión Pública
3.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(5): e18897, 2020 05 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325426

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2) was spreading rapidly in South Korea at the end of February 2020 following its initial outbreak in China, making Korea the new center of global attention. The role of social media amid the current coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has often been criticized, but little systematic research has been conducted on this issue. Social media functions as a convenient source of information in pandemic situations. OBJECTIVE: Few infodemiology studies have applied network analysis in conjunction with content analysis. This study investigates information transmission networks and news-sharing behaviors regarding COVID-19 on Twitter in Korea. The real time aggregation of social media data can serve as a starting point for designing strategic messages for health campaigns and establishing an effective communication system during this outbreak. METHODS: Korean COVID-19-related Twitter data were collected on February 29, 2020. Our final sample comprised of 43,832 users and 78,233 relationships on Twitter. We generated four networks in terms of key issues regarding COVID-19 in Korea. This study comparatively investigates how COVID-19-related issues have circulated on Twitter through network analysis. Next, we classified top news channels shared via tweets. Lastly, we conducted a content analysis of news frames used in the top-shared sources. RESULTS: The network analysis suggests that the spread of information was faster in the Coronavirus network than in the other networks (Corona19, Shincheon, and Daegu). People who used the word "Coronavirus" communicated more frequently with each other. The spread of information was faster, and the diameter value was lower than for those who used other terms. Many of the news items highlighted the positive roles being played by individuals and groups, directing readers' attention to the crisis. Ethical issues such as deviant behavior among the population and an entertainment frame highlighting celebrity donations also emerged often. There was a significant difference in the use of nonportal (n=14) and portal news (n=26) sites between the four network types. The news frames used in the top sources were similar across the networks (P=.89, 95% CI 0.004-0.006). Tweets containing medically framed news articles (mean 7.571, SD 1.988) were found to be more popular than tweets that included news articles adopting nonmedical frames (mean 5.060, SD 2.904; N=40, P=.03, 95% CI 0.169-4.852). CONCLUSIONS: Most of the popular news on Twitter had nonmedical frames. Nevertheless, the spillover effect of the news articles that delivered medical information about COVID-19 was greater than that of news with nonmedical frames. Social media network analytics cannot replace the work of public health officials; however, monitoring public conversations and media news that propagates rapidly can assist public health professionals in their complex and fast-paced decision-making processes.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Comunicación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Educación en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Salud Pública , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/virología , República de Corea/epidemiología
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(9): e19305, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118750

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Numerous reports in the media have suggested that children could be hurt due to their clothing, yet there are few medical reports that discussed children's clothing-related injuries. This study therefore, aimed to describe the epidemiological characteristics of media-reported injury cases related to children's clothing in Mainland of China. METHODS: This study systematically collected a total of 192 cases of children's clothing-related injuries reported in the news reports and medical literatures published by the Chinese media before December 2017. A content analysis of these cases was conducted to obtain information on the characteristics of these injuries. RESULTS: Cases of clothing-related injuries were most common in children aged 3 to 6 years (54.7%); the ratio of the number of boys to the number of girls in the 192 cases was 1.5: 1. In addition, approximately 51% of the cases occurred in the region of East China. The most common location of the incidents was in the home (35%). Furthermore, the zippers are the most common cause of injuries (15.1%), and the most common injured body part was the genital organs (29.2%). Besides, there were 24 cases reported death related to clothing injuries (13%). Moreover, the locations where the injuries occurred, the reasons for the occurrence of the injuries and the injured body parts differed significantly by gender and age (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that future unintentional injuries could be prevented by implementing 2 major initiatives: improving the promotion of the safety of children clothing design in China and educating consumers on the potential risk associated with children's clothing.


Asunto(s)
Vestuario/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Heridas y Traumatismos/etiología , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , China/epidemiología , Vestuario/efectos adversos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Heridas y Traumatismos/diagnóstico , Heridas y Traumatismos/epidemiología
5.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0229180, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084181

RESUMEN

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the second-largest and most contentious public assistance program administered by the United States government. The media forums where SNAP discourse occurs have changed with the advent of social and web-based media. We used machine learning techniques to characterize media coverage of SNAP over time (1990-2017), between outlets with national readership and those with narrower scopes, and, for a subset of web-based media, by the outlet's political leaning. We applied structural topic models, a machine learning methodology that categorizes and summarizes large bodies of text that have document-level covariates or metadata, to a corpus of print media retrieved via LexisNexis (n = 76,634). For comparison, we complied a separate corpus via web-scrape algorithm of the Google News API (2012-2017), and assigned political alignment metadata to a subset documents according to a recent study of partisanship on social media. A similar procedure was used on a subset of the print media documents that could be matched to the same alignment index. Using linear regression models, we found some, but not all, topics to vary significantly with time, between large and small media outlets, and by political leaning. Our findings offer insights into the polarized and partisan nature of a major social welfare program in the United States, and the possible effects of new media environments on the state of this discourse.


Asunto(s)
Asistencia Alimentaria , Juicio , Política , Publicaciones/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Aprendizaje Automático , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores de Tiempo
6.
N Z Med J ; 133(1508): 92-110, 2020 01 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945046

RESUMEN

AIM: To analyse how the New Zealand news media has reported on chronic pain and identify whether this publicly available information is reflective of best practice. METHODS: A content analysis of news media published between January 2015 and June 2019, with a primary focus on chronic pain was undertaken. The Factiva, EBSCO and ProQuest databases, alongside popular New Zealand news websites were searched. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty news articles were included; the overarching themes identified in content analysis were (1) the lived experience and the impact of chronic pain (n=119/240), (2) pain management strategies with information on pharmacological (ie, opioids and medicinal cannabis) (n=107/240) and non-pharmacological strategies (eg) psychological therapies (36/240), physical activity (34/240), pain education (34/240), (3) the systemic issues influencing chronic pain healthcare pathways (n=79/240). CONCLUSION: Living with chronic pain is predominantly represented as a struggle, with a lesser focus on the ability to successfully self-manage and live a meaningful life. The limited emphasis on each of the non-pharmacological strategies suggest that the reports failed to communicate that these strategies should be a key component of self-managing chronic pain. New Zealand healthcare providers and researchers can collaboratively work with the media to provide evidence-based information on both non-pharmacological and pharmacological pain management strategies.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Crónico/terapia , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/normas , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Edición/estadística & datos numéricos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapéutico , Dolor Crónico/economía , Dolor Crónico/epidemiología , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Femenino , Personal de Salud/organización & administración , Humanos , Masculino , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Marihuana Medicinal/uso terapéutico , Nueva Zelanda/epidemiología , Manejo del Dolor/métodos , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto/normas , Psicoterapia/métodos , Edición/tendencias
7.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(4): 397-404, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556635

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Researchers have studied the influence of media exposure to acute mass violence (e.g., terror attack, mass shooting, etc.) on distress in populations not directly experiencing the trauma; however, the field has yet to achieve consensus on the measurement of media exposure. There has been a rapidly changing media environment since this body of research began, with the rise of social media. To address this, we developed a measure using the most relevant items from media exposure surveys and accounting for evolving social media. METHOD: We asked a sample of youth and adults (N = 1,249), ages 14 - 59 years old, about average time spent consuming news in general, time spent viewing coverage of specific terror attacks, and their emotional reactions to the media coverage. RESULTS: A confirmatory factor analysis specifying a 3-factor model was run on a subsample of the data (n = 308), and the data fit the model well, χ2(17) = 30.799, p < .05, root mean square error of approximation = .051 [90% confidence interval = .020, .080], comparative fit index = .989, and standardized root mean square error of approximation = .043. Measurement invariance was examined on the remainder of the participants (n = 937) to determine whether the model was invariant across participant sex. CONCLUSION: Analyses support that the factor structure of the measure was consistent across male and female participants. Implications on measuring media exposure to acute mass violence will be discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Violencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Terrorismo/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
8.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 38: e2018165, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778410

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of interactive media (tablets and smartphones) use by children aged two to four years old, as well as to characterize this use, and investigate habits, practices, parents' participation and opinion about their child's interactive media use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 244 parents or legal guardians of children enrolled in daycare centers in a small Brazilian municipality was conducted. A questionnaire based on interactive media use and related habits were applied, and economic level was assessed. Children were divided into three different groups according to media use: Group 1 did not use (n=81); Group 2 uses up to 45 min/day (n=83) and Group 3 uses more than 45 min/day (n=80). Then, they were compared with regard to the sociodemographic variables and media use by the Chi-square test and Student's t-test. RESULTS: The prevalence of interactive media use was 67.2%, with a mean time of use of 69.2 minutes/day (confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI 57.1-81.2). The activities most performed were watching videos (55%), listening to music (33%) and playing games (28%). Most parents reported allowing media use in order to stimulate their child's development (58.4%), accompanying them during use (75.2%), and limiting media time (86.4%). CONCLUSIONS: We observed high interactive media use prevalence. The predominant way of using these devices was marked by parent-child participation. Most parents reported believing in the benefits of interactive media. Passive activities were more frequent, with restricted time of use.


Asunto(s)
Jardines Infantiles/organización & administración , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Aplicaciones Móviles/estadística & datos numéricos , Padres/psicología , Brasil/epidemiología , Jardines Infantiles/estadística & datos numéricos , Preescolar , Computadoras de Mano/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Estudios Epidemiológicos , Femenino , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , Aplicaciones Móviles/tendencias , Prevalencia , Teléfono Inteligente/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
East Mediterr Health J ; 25(11): 820-827, 2019 Nov 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782519

RESUMEN

Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is high in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Half of the Region's adult women (50.1%) and more than two in five men (43.8%) are overweight or obese, and 6.9% of children aged under five years in the Region are already overweight, which is higher than the global average of 6.2%. Aims: This rapid assessment aimed to examine marketing techniques of foods and non-alcoholic beverages targeting children and assessed implementation of food restrictions in schools as part of the national effort to address obesity in Oman. Methods: Trained reviewers assessed Arabic TV satellite stations, local radio and print media, a random sample of schools, and a convenience sample of grocery stores, cafes and convenience stores between November 2015 and October 2016. Results: A majority of TV advertisements (71%) were for follow-up milk formula and used a variety of methods to attract children. A large portion of radio advertisements (44%) were for savoury snacks; all included children and used sounds/words to attract children. Few print media advertisements promoted snacks; however, a large majority of the sugary snack advertisements (13% of print media) used pictures/words and incentives (awards) to attract children. In schools, most beverages purchased by children had added sugars. Conclusions: Establishing a comprehensive regulatory framework under the national Child Law and the Convention of the Rights of the Child should be complemented by systematic monitoring of their impact on child health, and increasing food and beverage literacy among principals, teachers, canteen managers and the wider community.


Asunto(s)
Bebidas/economía , Alimentos/economía , Mercadotecnía/métodos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Instituciones Académicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Niño , Humanos , Mercadotecnía/estadística & datos numéricos , Omán , Bocadillos
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671717

RESUMEN

In the United States, more than 200 communities are designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as areas of concern for dioxins. Informing the public about potential risks associated with dioxins and delivering information about how to avoid such risks are essential activities. News coverage of environmental and health problems affects how members of the public assess those problems in terms of both severity and how they are understood, as well as the extent of attention given to the problem by policy-makers. To contextualize public and institutional responses to dioxin contamination and remediation in a dioxin-affected community, we assessed 176 newspaper articles published over 30 years concerning dioxin contamination in Midland, Michigan, in terms of risk, trust in institutions, environmental stigma, and citizen participation. Articles about dioxin contamination and remediation in Midland appeared in both domestic and international newspapers. Domestically, both national and local newspapers covered this issue. The risks for human health and the environment caused by exposure to dioxins were widely covered, with much less media attention given to the trustworthiness of the organizations responsible for managing the risk, environmental stigma, and citizen participation. News coverage of these four themes also changed significantly overtime. Overall, our findings highlight the important role of local news media in communicating risk information, guiding safe behaviors, and facilitating community-level decision-making.


Asunto(s)
Dioxinas , Contaminantes Ambientales , Contaminación Ambiental , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Periódicos como Asunto , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Participación de la Comunidad , Dioxinas/análisis , Dioxinas/toxicidad , Salud Ambiental , Política Ambiental , Contaminantes Ambientales/análisis , Contaminantes Ambientales/toxicidad , Contaminación Ambiental/efectos adversos , Contaminación Ambiental/análisis , Contaminación Ambiental/prevención & control , Contaminación Ambiental/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Michigan , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Riesgo , Estigma Social , Confianza
13.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1226, 2019 Sep 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488094

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Family planning is considered as an effective tool to control population and to bring improvement in maternal and child health. The Government of Pakistan has been continuously struggling to improve the availability of family planning services. However, like many other developing countries of the world, unmet need for family planning still exists in the country. According to Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012-13, the prevalence of unmet need for family planning is 21% in the country. The objective of this study is to investigate the determinants of unmet need for family planning among married women in Pakistan. METHODS: Secondary data of Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012-13 has been used to analyze the determinants of unmet need for family planning through Binary and Multinomial Logistic regressions. RESULTS: Outcomes of the study show that the likelihood of unmet need for family planning among married women in Pakistan goes on to decrease with an increase in their age and education. The likelihood of unmet need for family planning decreases with the increase in wealth status of women's household, number of living children and husband's education. Similarly, the women residing in rural areas are more likely to have unmet need for family planning as compared with women living in urban areas. The women who lack mass media exposure, who are not employed and who have fear of side effects for using contraceptives are more likely to have unmet need for family planning. CONCLUSIONS: Fear of side effects for using contraceptives has been identified as the major cause of unmet need for family planning in Pakistan. The Government of Pakistan has been putting a lot of efforts to convince people about the usefulness of population control programs. A huge media campaign has been launched to persuade people about the benefits of birth control. But the efforts of the government do not seem to be very much effective to clear the perception of people about side effects of contraceptive use. Hence, fear of side effects still remains one of the most important reason behind unmet need for family planning.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Planificación Familiar , Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Matrimonio , Adolescente , Adulto , Conducta Anticonceptiva/psicología , Anticonceptivos/efectos adversos , Demografía , Miedo , Femenino , Gobierno , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pakistán , Factores Socioeconómicos , Adulto Joven
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(38): 18888-18892, 2019 09 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481621

RESUMEN

What accounts for the prevalence of negative news content? One answer may lie in the tendency for humans to react more strongly to negative than positive information. "Negativity biases" in human cognition and behavior are well documented, but existing research is based on small Anglo-American samples and stimuli that are only tangentially related to our political world. This work accordingly reports results from a 17-country, 6-continent experimental study examining psychophysiological reactions to real video news content. Results offer the most comprehensive cross-national demonstration of negativity biases to date, but they also serve to highlight considerable individual-level variation in responsiveness to news content. Insofar as our results make clear the pervasiveness of negativity biases on average, they help account for the tendency for audience-seeking news around the world to be predominantly negative. Insofar as our results highlight individual-level variation, however, they highlight the potential for more positive content, and suggest that there may be reason to reconsider the conventional journalistic wisdom that "if it bleeds, it leads."


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Negativismo , Atención/fisiología , Sesgo , Humanos , Política , Psicofisiología
15.
Sex Reprod Healthc ; 21: 1-8, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395226

RESUMEN

Although HIV awareness is an important prerequisite for successful HIV prevention, the rate of HIV testing and knowledge about HIV remains critically low among adolescents in Uganda. Using Uganda's 2016 Demographic and Health Surveys, this paper investigates the linkage between mass media exposure and HIV awareness among adolescents aged between 15 and 19 years old. We perform multivariate regressions to estimate the effect of mass media (print media, radio and TV) exposure on adolescents' awareness focusing on HIV testing and HIV-related knowledge. Results suggest that the frequency of exposure to mass media increases both adolescents' likelihood to get tested for HIV and their HIV-related knowledge score. These findings imply that health educators and HIV programme planners in Uganda should take advantage of traditional mass media and deliver more HIV-related messages through television, radio, and print media in order to enhance the levels of HIV testing and HIV-related knowledge among adolescents.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH/diagnóstico , Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Femenino , Educación en Salud/métodos , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Masculino , Tamizaje Masivo/estadística & datos numéricos , Modelos Estadísticos , Periódicos como Asunto , Radio , Televisión , Uganda , Adulto Joven
16.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220446, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369596

RESUMEN

Commercially motivated junk news-i.e. money-driven, highly shareable clickbait with low journalistic production standards-constitutes a vast and largely unexplored news media ecosystem. Using publicly available Facebook data, we compared the reach of junk news on Facebook pages in the Netherlands to the reach of Dutch mainstream news on Facebook. During the period 2013-2017 the total number of user interactions with junk news significantly exceeded that with mainstream news. Over 5 Million of the 10 Million Dutch Facebook users have interacted with a junk news post at least once. Junk news Facebook pages also had a significantly stronger increase in the number of user interactions over time than mainstream news. Since the beginning of 2016 the average number of user interactions per junk news post has consistently exceeded the average number of user interactions per mainstream news post.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Comercio/métodos , Comercio/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Periodismo/estadística & datos numéricos , Países Bajos
17.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; 13(3): 570-576, 2019 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328712

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationship of sniper-related television viewing (TV) and perceived safety to posttraumatic stress (PTS) and depressive symptoms during the Washington, DC sniper attacks. METHODS: Participants were 1238 Washington, DC area residents assessed using an internet survey including the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, hours of TV, and perceived safety. RESULTS: Almost 40% (n = 459) of participants watched at least 2 hours of sniper-related TV daily. TV viewing was associated with lower total perceived safety. After adjusting for demographics, more TV viewing and decreased perceived safety were related to increased PTS and depressive symptoms. TV viewing modified the effect of safety on PTS and depressive symptoms. Among participants with low and high perceived safety, hours of TV were positively associated with PTS; however, the effect was stronger among those with low perceived safety. The relationship of TV to increased depressive symptoms was identified only in participants who reported low perceived safety. CONCLUSIONS: The influence of media exposure and perceived safety have implications for intervention by community leaders and mental health care providers. Recommendations include limiting media exposure during a terrorist event, particularly among those who perceive that their safety is at risk, and targeting safety in communication strategies. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2019;13:570-576).


Asunto(s)
Violencia con Armas/psicología , Seguridad del Paciente/normas , Percepción , Televisión/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/etiología , Depresión/psicología , District of Columbia/epidemiología , Femenino , Violencia con Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/normas , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Seguridad del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/etiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Televisión/estadística & datos numéricos , Terrorismo/psicología , Terrorismo/estadística & datos numéricos
18.
Work ; 63(3): 435-446, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282452

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Progressive workplaces should be aware of emerging neurodiversity related issues. People are sharing their narratives of high functioning anxiety in a variety of forums. Despite news text reporting upon this phenomenon, the concept has managed to escape a research spotlight. OBJECTIVE: To critically investigate the evidence base of news article reporting of anxiety-related work performance strengths, challenges and support measures. METHODS: Thematic analysis was applied to news texts derived from CrossSearch database and internet enquiries and journal articles obtained from Scopus, Medline and Science Direct databases. RESULTS: The analysis of eight news texts and 36 journal articles produced evidence-based themes including those of work performance strengths (quality, quantity, creativity) challenges (overreaching, perfectionism, overthinking, communication) and support measures (medical, cognitive, physical, flexibility). CONCLUSION: This investigative review reveals that anxiety-related work performance strengths, challenges and support measures as identified within news text reporting of the high functioning anxiety concept have at least some basis in the literature. It might therefore be the case that organizations who invest in supporting employees who identify with high functioning dimensions of their anxiety disorders are the ones who are ultimately rewarded with work performance advantages.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/complicaciones , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/normas , Rendimiento Laboral/normas , Ansiedad/psicología , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Literatura de Revisión como Asunto , Rendimiento Laboral/tendencias
19.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 479, 2019 Jul 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299953

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with adverse health effects and increased healthcare utilization. Systems-level interventions have been shown to be effective in identifying and referring survivors but little is known about how these strategies impact future utilization. The objective of this study is to examine the impact of a systems-level response on healthcare utilization among patients screening positive for IPV from November 2016 to February 2019 in a large multi-specialty outpatient health system in the Midwest. METHODS: Using electronic health record (EHR) data, we identified patients who screened positive for IPV (N = 756) and categorized their response as accepted printed material (N = 116), accepted direct referrals (N = 85), declined both (N = 271), or missing (N = 255). We used negative binomial models to model post-period utilization as a function of decision group, pre-period utilization, and clinical and demographic factors. RESULTS: After controlling for demographic characteristics and baseline utilization, the printed materials and direct referral groups had higher utilization rates than those who declined printed materials and direct referral during the post-period for every type of service. However, these differences were only statistically significant for outpatient, behavioral health, and social work services. Specifically, the visit rate for patients receiving printed materials was two times higher (rate ratio: 2.18; 95% CI: 1.21, 3.94) for behavioral health services and three times higher (rate ratio: 3.33; 95% CI: 1.3, 8.52) for social work services compared to those who refused printed material and direct referral. For those opting for a direct referral, the visit rate was two times higher for outpatient services (rate ratio: 1.97; 95% CI: 1.13, 3.42) compared to those who refused. CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving printed materials or direct referrals had more social work and behavioral health visits, highlighting an important outcome of the protocol. However, higher utilization rates among outpatient services and a trend toward higher utilization of other services, including the emergency department, suggest greater health service utilization is not diminished by the systems level response-at least not within a two-year time frame.


Asunto(s)
Redes Comunitarias/organización & administración , Violencia de Pareja , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Sobrevivientes/psicología , Adulto , Femenino , Investigación sobre Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Derivación y Consulta/estadística & datos numéricos , Servicio Social/estadística & datos numéricos , Sobrevivientes/estadística & datos numéricos
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163573

RESUMEN

The importance of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) behaviors in low- and middle-income countries in preventing childhood illness is well established. Tanzania is known to have high rates of chronic malnutrition and childhood stunting-both of which have been linked to poor WASH practices. Interviews were conducted with 5000 primary caregivers of children aged 0-23 months. Four composite WASH knowledge variables were created to assess the relationship between WASH knowledge and access to different forms of media, such as television, radio, and mobile phones. WASH knowledge variables measure knowledge of when to wash hands, the need for soap when washing hands, when to wash a baby's hands, and how eating soil or chicken feces can affect a baby's health. Logistic and linear regression analyses were conducted to measure the association between media access and WASH knowledge. Having watched television was positively associated with higher WASH knowledge indicators (all p < 0.05). Higher WASH knowledge was positively associated with more frequent handwashing after cleaning a baby's bottom (all p < 0.0001). The quantity of media access also had a positive linear effect on handwashing; more media items owned was associated with increases in handwashing. Study findings indicate media access is associated with WASH knowledge among caregivers in resource-poor settings.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Higiene , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Saneamiento , Calidad del Agua , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Desinfección de las Manos , Humanos , Tanzanía , Adulto Joven
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