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1.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0222250, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914124

RESUMEN

In many countries the public's main source of information about science and technology is the mass media. Unfortunately, in recent years traditional journalism has experienced a collapse, and science journalism has been a major casualty. One potential remedy is to encourage scientists to write for news media about science. On these general news platforms, scientists' stories would have to compete for attention with other news stories on hard (e.g. politics) and entertaining (e.g. celebrity news) topics written by professional writers. Do they stand a chance? This study aimed to quantitatively characterize audience interactions as an indicator of interest in science news stories authored by early career scientists (henceforth 'scientists') trained to function as science reporters, as compared to news items written by reporters and published in the same news outlets. To measure users' behavior, we collected data on the number of clicks, likes, comments and average time spent on page. The sample was composed of 150 science items written by 50 scientists trained to contribute popular science stories in the Davidson Institute of Science Education reporters' program and published on two major Israeli news websites-Mako and Ynet between July 2015 to January 2018. Each science item was paired with another item written by the website's organic reporter, and published on the same channel as the science story (e.g., tourism, health) and the same close time. Overall significant differences were not found in the public's engagement with the different items. Although, on one website there was a significant difference on two out of four engagement types, the second website did not have any difference, e.g., people did not click, like or comment more on items written by organic reporters than on the stories written by scientists. This creates an optimistic starting point for filling the science news void by scientists as science reporters.


Asunto(s)
Periodismo/tendencias , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Ciencia/tendencias , Humanos , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto
2.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 35, 2020 Jan 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918688

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Suicides have become headline news in most developing countries and often feature on front pages with accompanying graphic pictures on prominent news portals. There has been an increased reportage of suicides by the Ghanaian news media. This study aims to shed light on the trend of online news media reporting of suicides, and the epidemiology of media reported suicides in Ghana. METHODS: An online search was conducted for news media reports of suicides committed in Ghana. One hundred and forty-two (142) news media reported suicides spanning 1997 to 31st July 2019 were retrieved and included in the analyses. RESULTS: The victims of suicides were predominantly male (85.92%), young (mean age = 34.81 ± 15.71 years; range 10-86 years). Suicide by hanging (67.94%), the use of firearms (18.32%), and self-poisoning (8.93%) were the common methods used by the victims. There has been increased online news media reportage of suicides in Ghana in the last 3 years; 2017 witnessed the highest reportage of 30 (21%) cases. Marital or relationships and family problems were commonly cited as the reasons for the commission of suicides; mental disorders, and financial problems were also cited as immediate triggers of the suicides by close relations of the victims. CONCLUSION: There is an increased media reportage of suicides in Ghana, although this cannot be linked to a corresponding increase in suicide incidence. Interventions to decrease the risk of suicide among vulnerable populations (young adults) such as the identification of suicidal behavior, making mental healthcare services more accessible by integrating into the general healthcare service, public education, establishing a suicide hotline will be critical programs to help reduce suicide incidence in Ghana.


Asunto(s)
Internet , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Suicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Niño , Femenino , Ghana/epidemiología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
3.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud, LIS-fiocruz-SI | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46795

RESUMEN

Busca incentivar novos "correspondentes indígenas" no Brasil, faz com que possamos construir uma comunicação colaborativa muito mais forte, isso comparada as mídias tradicionais de Rádio e TV em ambiente web. A grade de programação possui programas informativos e educativos que trazem para o público um pouco da realidade indígena do Brasil. Desfazendo antigos esteriótipos e preconceitos ocasionados pela falta de informação especializada em veículos de comunicação não indígenas. Nossa programação está online 24h e apresenta conteúdo diversificado, músicas, entrevistas, poesias, depoimentos, mensagens e debates.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Redes de Comunicación de Computadores , Difusión por la Web , Cultura Indígena
4.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 490, 2019 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046718

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: On 6th April 2018, the UK Government introduced the Soft Drinks Industry Levy (SDIL) as a mechanism designed to address increasing prevalence of obesity and associated ill health by reducing sugar consumption. Given that the successful introduction of upstream food and nutrition policies is a highly political enterprise involving multiple interested parties, understanding the complex network of stakeholders seeking to influence such policy decisions is imperative. METHODS: Media content analysis was used to build a dataset of relevant newspaper articles, which were analysed to identify stakeholder agreement or disagreement with defined concept statements. We used discourse network analysis to produce visual representations of the network of stakeholders and coalitions evident in the debate as it was presented in UK newspapers, in the lead up to and following the announcement of the Soft Drinks Industry Levy in the UK, from May 2015 to November 2016. RESULTS: Coding identified 3883 statements made by 214 individuals from 176 organisations, relating to 47 concepts. Network visualisations revealed a complex network of stakeholders with clear sceptical and supportive coalitions. Industry stakeholders appeared less united in the network than anticipated, particularly before the SDIL announcement. Some key industry actors appeared in the supportive coalition, possibly due to the use of corporate social responsibility rhetoric. Jamie Oliver appeared as a dominant stakeholder, firmly embedded with public health advocates. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the complexity of the network of stakeholders involved in the public debate on food policies such as sugar tax and the SDIL. Polarisation of stakeholders arose from differences in ideology, focus on a specific policy and statements about the weight of evidence. Vocal celebrity policy entrepreneurs may be instrumental in gaining public and policy makers' support for future upstream regulation to promote population health, to facilitate alignment around a clear ideology.


Asunto(s)
Bebidas Gaseosas/economía , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Política Nutricional/economía , Obesidad/prevención & control , Azúcares/economía , Bebidas , Defensa del Consumidor/economía , Gobierno , Humanos , Política Nutricional/legislación & jurisprudencia , Salud Pública/métodos , Impuestos/economía , Reino Unido
5.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(suppl 1): 189-196, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942362

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the nursing errors reported by the journalistic media and interpret the main implications of this communication for the visibility of this problem. METHOD: Documental research, qualitative, descriptive and exploratory, with data collected in news reports from Brazil and Portugal, analyzed through hermeneutics with resources of Atlas Software. RESULTS: We analyzed 112 news items published between 2012 and 2016 that resulted in six categories: Year - highest occurrence in 2012; Age group of the patient - children; Professional category - nurses; Type of error - medication; Outcome - death; Possible attributed cause - occupational conditions. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Nursing mistakes are a challenge for the profession, and the way they are communicated by the media is not very explanatory, contributing to a negative visibility of the profession, and to making society insecure. Improving the way they are served in the media contributes to the visibility of the problem without affecting the professional image.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Errores Médicos/enfermería , Seguridad del Paciente/normas , Brasil , Hermenéutica , Humanos , Enfermería/normas , Enfermería/tendencias , Portugal , Investigación Cualitativa , Estudios Retrospectivos
6.
Acad Med ; 94(8): 1071-1073, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998580

RESUMEN

In this Invited Commentary, the author probes current events overlapping with his early medical education for unwritten lessons. Today's generation of trainees studies the careful application of science to suffering in the roiling context of resurgent white supremacy, anti-immigrant hatred, climate disasters, contentious public health epidemics, and attacks on the structures undergirding access to health care for millions. The author reflects on the connections between sociopolitical events and his own experiences, as well as those of his classmates, friends, and family members. These experiences, he argues, have galvanized his and his fellow medical students' commitment to decency, truth, diversity, and equity. He concludes that, in the current climate, the practice of healing is inextricably tied to the social and political context, such that advocacy and activism have become essential to a career in medicine.


Asunto(s)
Defensa del Consumidor/psicología , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina/tendencias , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/normas , Racismo/psicología , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Africana/etnología , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Africana/psicología , California/etnología , Defensa del Consumidor/normas , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina/métodos , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina/normas , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Racismo/etnología
7.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215805, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013310

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Medical crowdfunding is a growing phenomenon, and newspapers are publishing on the topic. This research analyzed how illness-related crowdfunding and crowdfunding campaigns have recently been represented in newspapers that are popular in the United States and Canada. METHODS: A sample of 336 articles about medical crowdfunding published during the two year time period from October 7, 2015 to October 6, 2017 was produced using a Factiva search of the English language newspapers with the largest Canadian and United States readership. A coding frame was developed for and applied to the sample to analyze content. RESULTS: Articles portrayed crowdfunding campaigns positively (43.75%) and neutrally (47.92%), but rarely negatively (4.76%). Articles mostly mentioned the crowdfunding phenomenon with a neutral characterization (93.75%). Few (8.63%) articles mentioned ethical issues with the phenomenon of crowdfunding. Ailments most commonly precipitating the need for a campaign included cancer (49.11%) and rare disease (as stated by the article, 36.01%). Most articles (83.04%) note where donations and contributions can be made, and 59.23% included a hyperlink to an online crowdfunding campaign website. Some articles (26.49%) mentioned a specific monetary goal for the fundraising campaign. Of the 70 (20.83%) articles that indicated the treatment sought may be inefficacious, was unproven, was experimental or lacked regulatory approval, 56 (80.00%) noted where contributions can be made and 36 (51.43%) hyperlinked directly to an online crowdfunding campaign. CONCLUSIONS: Crowdfunding campaigns are portrayed positively much more often than negatively, many articles promote campaigns for unproven therapies, and links directly to crowdfunding campaign webpages are present in most articles. Overall, crowdfunding is often either implicitly or explicitly endorsed.


Asunto(s)
Obtención de Fondos/tendencias , Internet , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Trasplante de Células Madre/tendencias , Canadá/epidemiología , Medios de Comunicación/tendencias , Humanos , Mercadotecnía , Periódicos como Asunto , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
9.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(2): 468-475, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017212

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the images of alcohol in the rite of passage of adolescents of a quilombola community. METHOD: Qualitative and participatory study was developed by Creative and Sensitive Method, and guided by generated questions: "In my house, alcohol is..."; "Near my house, I see alcohol in..." Ten adolescents who live in a quilombola community in the north of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, participated in the group dynamics. The material was submitted to a thematic analysis. RESULTS: Images of alcohol are common in the daily life of adolescents and can be seen in bars drinks, in their homes or in soccer fields; in different moments within the community (weekend barbecues, church celebrations, after soccer); and also in rites of passage, where adolescents first sipped or tasted alcohol with friends or socially with adults. FINAL CONSIDERATION: Alcohol in quilombola communities is cultural, and socially accepted, which turns it into a challenge for health professionals to promote health education with these adolescents.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/psicología , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/normas , Adolescente , Brasil , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Investigación Cualitativa
10.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0197646, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30716139

RESUMEN

Understanding the effect of media on disease spread can help improve epidemic forecasting and uncover preventive measures to slow the spread of disease. Most previously introduced models have approximated media effect through disease incidence, making media influence dependent on the size of epidemic. We propose an alternative approach, which relies on real data about disease coverage in the news, allowing us to model low incidence/high interest diseases, such as SARS, Ebola or H1N1. We introduce a network-based model, in which disease is transmitted through local interactions between individuals and the probability of transmission is affected by media coverage. We assume that media attention increases self-protection (e.g. hand washing and compliance with social distancing), which, in turn, decreases disease model. We apply the model to the case of H1N1 transmission in Mexico City in 2009 and show how media influence-measured by the time series of the weekly count of news articles published on the outbreak-helps to explain the observed transmission dynamics. We show that incorporating the media attention based on the observed media coverage of the outbreak better estimates the disease dynamics from what would be predicted by using media function that approximate the media impact using the number of cases and rate of spread. Finally, we apply the model to a typical influenza season in Washington, DC and estimate how the transmission pattern would have changed given different levels of media coverage.


Asunto(s)
Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Brotes de Enfermedades/prevención & control , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Enfermedades Transmisibles , Medios de Comunicación/tendencias , Epidemias/prevención & control , Predicción , Fiebre Hemorrágica Ebola/epidemiología , Humanos , Incidencia , Gripe Humana/epidemiología , México , Probabilidad
11.
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care ; 24(1): 80-82, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30676116

RESUMEN

The rise in social media and the pressure on conventional media to garner online hits has the potential to distort the quality of health information available to the consumer. It should be possible to learn from the 'scares' of the past to develop strategies to counter the effects of misinformation and scaremongering so commonly seen in any discussion of contraceptive risks. That balanced, evidence-based information is available to all couples considering their contraceptive options should be a priority for all clinicians, academics and journalists working in this area.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Información de Salud al Consumidor/tendencias , Anticoncepción/psicología , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Humanos
12.
Nurs Inq ; 26(1): e12270, 2019 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30506988

RESUMEN

The purpose of the study was to develop an understanding of how nursing students gained perspective on nursing care of diverse populations through watching documentaries in a cultural diversity course. The basis of this paper is our analyses of students' written responses and reactions to documentaries viewed in class. The guiding theoretical frameworks for the course content and the study included postcolonial feminism, Foucauldian thought, and cultural safety. Krathwohl's Taxonomy of the Affective Domain was used to identify themes and determine how undergraduate nursing students were progressing in achieving learning outcomes. Our findings suggest that while the use of documentaries serves as a tool for deepening students' understanding of the realities of various populations, this activity, in the absence of critical reflection, may inadvertently promote stereotypes and further marginalize different people groups. Even though nursing students reflected on the importance of cultural safety in nursing, our findings indicate that their actions may not reflect this, especially since these students are in the early stages of the nursing program. Students need to be provided with a space where they can explore implicit biases evoked by exposure to new information about different people groups as a way of enhancing culturally safe care.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Cultural/educación , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Competencia Cultural/psicología , Diversidad Cultural , Curriculum , Bachillerato en Enfermería/normas , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Desarrollo de Personal/métodos
14.
Nicotine Tob Res ; 21(4): 513-522, 2019 03 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29546337

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: LGBT populations use tobacco at disparately higher rates nationwide, compared to national averages. The tobacco industry has a history targeting LGBT with marketing efforts, likely contributing to this disparity. This study explores whether exposure to tobacco content on traditional and social media is associated with tobacco use among LGBT and non-LGBT. METHODS: This study reports results from LGBT (N = 1092) and non-LGBT (N = 16430) respondents to a 2013 nationally representative cross-sectional online survey of US adults (N = 17522). Frequency and weighted prevalence were estimated and adjusted logistic regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: LGBT reported significantly higher rates of past 30-day tobacco media exposure compared to non-LGBT, this effect was strongest among LGBT who were smokers (p < .05). LGBT more frequently reported exposure to, searching for, or sharing messages related to tobacco couponing, e-cigarettes, and anti-tobacco on new or social media (eg, Twitter, Facebook, etc.) than did non-LGBT (p < .05). Non-LGBT reported more exposure from traditional media sources such as television, most notably anti-tobacco messages (p = .0088). LGBT had higher odds of past 30-day use of cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and cigars compared to non-LGBT, adjusting for past 30-day media exposure and covariates (p ≤ .0001). CONCLUSIONS: LGBT (particularly LGBT smokers) are more likely to be exposed to and interact with tobacco-related messages on new and social media than their non-LGBT counterparts. Higher levels of tobacco media exposure were significantly associated with higher likelihood of tobacco use. This suggests tobacco control must work toward reaching LGBT across a variety of media platforms, particularly new and social media outlets. IMPLICATIONS: This study provides important information about LGBT communities tobacco-related disparities in increased exposure to pro-tobacco messages via social media, where the tobacco industry has moved since the MSA. Further, LGBT when assessed as a single population appear to identify having decreased exposure to anti-tobacco messages via traditional media, where we know a large portion of tobacco control and prevention messages are placed. The study points to the need for targeted and tailored approaches by tobacco control to market to LGBT using on-line resources and tools in order to help reduce LGBT tobacco-related health disparities. Although there have been localized campaigns, only just recently have such LGBT-tailored national campaigns been developed by the CDC, FDA, and Legacy, assessment of the content, effectiveness, and reach of both local and national campaigns will be important next steps.


Asunto(s)
/tendencias , Sistemas Electrónicos de Liberación de Nicotina , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Prevención del Hábito de Fumar/tendencias , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Mercadotecnía/métodos , Mercadotecnía/tendencias , Prevención del Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Industria del Tabaco/métodos , Industria del Tabaco/tendencias , Adulto Joven
15.
Tob Control ; 28(2): 233-236, 2019 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29627797

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Smoking rates have been compared with a spring, requiring continuous downward pressure against protobacco forces, rather than a screw, which once driven down stays down. Quality antitobacco mass media campaigns put downward pressure on smoking rates. The suspension of a major Australian state campaign provided a natural experiment to assess effects on smoking. Furthermore, we document the positive influence of robust monitoring and mature advocacy on the political decision to reinstate funding. We also document the misuse by industry of South Australian smoking data from the period between Australia's implementation and subsequent evaluation of plain packaging. METHODS: A time series analysis was used to examine monthly smoking prevalence trends at each of four intervention points: (A) commencement of high-intensity mass media campaign (August 2010); (B) introduction of plain packaging (December 2012), (C) defunding of campaign (July 2013); and (D) reinstatement of moderate-intensity campaign (July 2014). FINDINGS: The suspension of the antitobacco campaign was disruptive to achieving smoking prevalence targets. There was an absence of a downward monthly smoking prevalence trajectory during the non-campaign period. Moreover, there was a significant decline in smoking prevalence during the period of high-intensity advertising, which continued after the introduction of plain packaging laws, and at the recommencement of campaign activity. CONCLUSIONS: While the observed declines in smoking prevalence are likely due to a combination of interventions and cannot be attributed exclusively to antitobacco advertising, the results reinforce the political decision to reinstate the campaign and demonstrate the need for maintained investment to keep downward pressure on smoking rates.


Asunto(s)
/tendencias , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Cese del Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Prevención del Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Fumar/epidemiología , /estadística & datos numéricos , Australia/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Embalaje de Productos , Fumar/tendencias , Industria del Tabaco/métodos
16.
PLoS One ; 13(12): e0207576, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517133

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Excess sugar consumption, including sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), contributes to a variety of negative health outcomes, particularly for young people. The mass media play a powerful role in influencing public and policy-makers' perceptions of public health issues and their solutions. We analysed how sugar and SSB policy debates were presented in UK newspapers at a time of heightened awareness and following the announcement of the UK Government's soft drinks industry levy (SDIL), to inform future public health advocacy. METHODS & FINDINGS: We carried out quantitative content analysis of articles discussing the issues of sugar and SSB consumption published in 11 national newspapers from April 2015 to November 2016. 684 newspaper articles were analysed using a structured coding frame. Coverage peaked in line with evidence publication, campaigner activities and policy events. Articles predominantly supportive of SSB taxation (23.5%) outnumbered those that were predominantly oppositional (14.2%). However, oppositional articles outnumbered supportive ones in the month of the announcement of the SDIL. Sugar and SSB consumption were presented as health risks, particularly affecting young people, with the actions of industry often identified as the cause of the public health problem. Responsibility for addressing sugar overconsumption was primarily assigned to government intervention. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the policy landscape favouring fiscal solutions to curb sugar and SSB consumption has benefited from media coverage characterising the issue as an industry-driven problem. Media coverage may drive greater public acceptance of the SDIL and any future taxation of products containing sugar. However, future advocacy efforts should note the surge in opposition coinciding with the announcement of the SDIL, which echoes similar patterns of opposition observed in tobacco control debates.


Asunto(s)
Bebidas Gaseosas/economía , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Azúcares/economía , Bebidas , Comunicación , Defensa del Consumidor/economía , Sacarosa en la Dieta , Humanos , Salud Pública/métodos , Política Pública/legislación & jurisprudencia , Política Pública/tendencias , Impuestos/economía , Impuestos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Reino Unido
17.
Soc Sci Med ; 215: 23-27, 2018 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30199743

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: Although vaccines are an invaluable weapon in combatting diseases, they are often surrounded by controversy. Vaccine controversies usually arise with the claims of some parents or doctors who link vaccines to harmful outcomes. These controversies often negatively affect vaccination coverage. OBJECTIVES: This experiment simulated a vaccine controversy to understand which content features of vaccination-related information are well transmitted and how this transmission affects vaccine intention. METHOD: All participants (N = 64) read two conflicting views (pro- and anti-) about a fictional vaccine ('dipherpox vaccine'). These conflicting views were held by a parent and a doctor, whose views varied across conditions. This information was transmitted along linear chains of four participants who recalled it and the product of their recall was passed to the next participant within their chain. They also responded whether they would vaccinate or not. RESULTS: The experience-based view held by the parent was better transmitted than the medical-based view held by the doctor, while the pro-vaccine and anti-vaccine views were similarly transmitted. Despite all the participants having neutral or positive attitudes towards vaccines in general, 39.1% of them decided not to vaccinate. Nevertheless, vaccination attitude was the strongest predictor of vaccination intention. The less positive participants' attitudes were towards vaccines in general, the less likely they were to vaccinate against dipherpox after exposure to the controversy. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that vaccination campaigns may be made more effective by including personal experiences of the negative consequences of non-vaccination.


Asunto(s)
Movimiento Anti-Vacunación/psicología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Programas de Inmunización/normas , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Movimiento Anti-Vacunación/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Programas de Inmunización/métodos , Masculino , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Vacunación/métodos , Vacunación/psicología
20.
J Nurs Scholarsh ; 50(6): 695-704, 2018 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30260071

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To determine if nurses are represented in health news stories more frequently today than 20 years ago when Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Honorary Society published The Woodhull Study on Nursing and the Media, which found that nurses were cited as sources in only 4% of the stories. DESIGN: Content analysis of health news stories for the month of September 2017 in the same publications used in the original Woodhull study. METHODS: Searches with Nexis and Webhose identified 2,243 articles related to health care published by the news outlets in September 2017. A random sample of 537 of these articles was obtained: 258 from seven newspapers, 127 from three weekly newsmagazines, and 152 from three health industry publications. After removing irrelevant articles or those with only passing references to health, 365 articles were reviewed and coded, using the original study's coding schema. FINDINGS: Nurses were identified as the source of only 2% of quotes in the articles and were never sourced in stories on health policy. When quoted, nurses mainly commented on the profession itself. Nurses or the nursing profession were mentioned in 13% of the articles. Nurses were identified in 4% of photographs or other images that accompanied the articles. CONCLUSIONS: Nurses remain invisible in health news media, despite their increasing levels of education, unique roles, and expertise. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Nurses' clinical expertise is accompanied by unique perspectives on health, illness, and health care; but the public is not benefiting from the wisdom and insight that nurses can provide in health news stories.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/tendencias
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