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1.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 768, 2024 Jul 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982391

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluates the efficacy of buccal pad fat (BPF) as an autologous graft in the treatment of gingival recession (GR). Thus, the research question explores if the BPF can serve as a viable alternative to the gold standard connective tissue graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Only seven studies met the inclusion criteria were critically appraised including the randomized controlled clinical trials, and case series. The inclusion criteria were systemically healthy individuals in the age range (18-65 years old) with Miller's classification of GR either class I, II, III, or IV while exclusion criteria were patients with poor oral hygiene, pregnant and lactating patients, teeth with caries, any prior surgery in the relevant regions, and use of medications. RESULTS: The review included 117 patients with 136 GR defects. The age of participants ranges from 20 to 65 years old with the higher percentage of root coverage (%RC) at 6 months in the pedicled BPF group which was 89.30%while the lowest (%RC) at 6 months in the same group was 46.78%. The BPF group's width of keratinized gingiva (WKG) values indicate a notable improvement, suggesting a positive impact on WKG compared to the control group. CONCLUSIONS: BPF can be considered as a promising graft to augment gingival tissues at different sites in the oral cavity with different Miller's classes of GR providing a new era in GR treatment.


Asunto(s)
Tejido Adiposo , Recesión Gingival , Humanos , Recesión Gingival/cirugía , Tejido Adiposo/trasplante , Mejilla/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
Skin Res Technol ; 30(7): e13830, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951871

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Consumer products such as electrical shavers exert a combination of dynamic loading in the form of pressure and shear on the skin. This mechanical stimulus can lead to discomfort and skin tissue responses characterised as "Skin Sensitivity". To minimise discomfort following shaving, there is a need to establish specific stimulus-response relationships using advanced tools such as optical coherence tomography (OCT). OBJECTIVE: To explore the spatial and temporal changes in skin morphology and microvascular function following an electrical shaving stimulus. METHODS: Ten healthy male volunteers were recruited. The study included a 60-s electrical shaving stimulus on the forearm, cheek and neck. Skin parameters were recorded at baseline, 20 min post stimulus and 24 h post stimulus. Structural and dynamic skin parameters were estimated using OCT, while transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was recorded to provide reference values for skin barrier function. RESULTS: At baseline, six of the eight parameters revealed statistically significant differences between the forearm and the facial sites, while only surface roughness (Rq) and reflectivity were statistically different (p < 0.05) between the cheek and neck. At 20 min post shaving, there was a significant increase in the TEWL values accompanied by increased blood perfusion, with varying magnitude of change dependent on the anatomical site. Recovery characteristics were observed 24 h post stimulus with most parameters returning to basal values, highlighting the transient influence of the stimulus. CONCLUSIONS: OCT parameters revealed spatial and temporal differences in the skin tissue response to electrical shaving. This approach could inform shaver design and prevent skin sensitivity.


Asunto(s)
Piel , Tomografía de Coherencia Óptica , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografía de Coherencia Óptica/métodos , Adulto , Piel/irrigación sanguínea , Piel/diagnóstico por imagen , Antebrazo/irrigación sanguínea , Adulto Joven , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagen , Microvasos/fisiología , Mejilla/irrigación sanguínea , Mejilla/diagnóstico por imagen , Pérdida Insensible de Agua/fisiología , Voluntarios Sanos , Fenómenos Fisiológicos de la Piel , Estimulación Eléctrica , Cuello/diagnóstico por imagen , Cuello/irrigación sanguínea , Microcirculación/fisiología
3.
Skin Res Technol ; 30(7): e13768, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961690

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The majority of conventional studies on skin aging have focused on static conditions. However, in daily life, the facial skin we encounter is constantly in motion due to conversational expressions and changes in facial expressions, causing the skin to alter its position and shape, resulting in a dynamic state. Consequently, it is hypothesized that characteristics of aging not apparent in static conditions may be present in the dynamic state of the skin. Therefore, this study investigates age-related changes in dynamic skin characteristics associated with facial expression alterations. METHODS: A motion capture system measured the dynamic characteristics (delay and stretchiness of skin movement associated with expression) of the cheek skin in response to facial expressions among 86 Japanese women aged between 20 and 69 years. RESULTS: The findings revealed an increase in the delay of cheek skin response to facial expressions (r = 0.24, p < 0.05) and a decrease in the stretchiness of the lower cheek area with age (r = 0.60, p < 0.01). An increasing variance in delay and stretchiness within the same age group was also observed with aging. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study revealed that skin aging encompasses both static characteristics, such as spots, wrinkles, and sagging, traditionally studied in aging research, and dynamic aging characteristics of the skin that emerge in response to facial expression changes. These dynamic aging characteristics could pave the way for the development of new methodologies in skin aging analysis and potentially improve our understanding and treatment of aging impressions that are visually perceptible in daily life but remain unexplored.


Asunto(s)
Mejilla , Expresión Facial , Envejecimiento de la Piel , Humanos , Femenino , Mejilla/fisiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Envejecimiento de la Piel/fisiología , Anciano , Japón , Adulto Joven , Movimiento/fisiología , Piel , Envejecimiento/fisiología , Fenómenos Fisiológicos de la Piel , Pueblos del Este de Asia
4.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(7): 412, 2024 Jul 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38963565

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between oral muscle pressure and malocclusion in the mixed dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maximum tongue, lip and cheek pressure was measured using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI) in 3 patient cohorts: patients with (1) posterior crossbite, (2) class II relationship and (3) a control group of patients without malocclusion. Linear models were used to compare the mean differences in muscle pressure between groups, with correction for age and gender. The imbalance between lips and tongue and between lips and cheeks was calculated by the Delta z-scores of each group. RESULTS: A total of 146 participants were included, 46 (mean age 8.71±0.85), 41 (mean age 11.74±1.17) and 35 (mean age 10.71±1.92) in groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Patients with malocclusion showed significantly higher lip and lower cheek pressure and imbalance favouring the lips over the tongue compared to controls. Class II,1 patients showed significantly higher tongue pressure than Class II,2. No differences were found in muscle pressure or imbalance between crossbite and Class II nor between crossbite types. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: These findings suggest that oral muscle pressure may be associated with malocclusion. This highlights the importance of functional diagnosis and its implications on the prevention and treatment of malocclusion, as well as on orthodontic stability.


Asunto(s)
Dentición Mixta , Labio , Maloclusión , Presión , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Estudios Transversales , Maloclusión/fisiopatología , Niño , Labio/fisiopatología , Mejilla/fisiopatología , Lengua/fisiopatología
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 689, 2024 Jun 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872175

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) occurs most often in the deep muscles or fascia of the extremities in adults, with only 3.4% of these tumours originating from the head, face and neck. To date, only 17 cases of buccal ASPS have been reported, including the case presented here. Only one case of ASPS recurrence at the primary site, similar to our case, has been reported thus far. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPis)-associated diabetes, with an estimated incidence of 0.43%, is usually seen in older cancer patients and has not been reported in younger people or in patients with ASPS. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year-old male patient presented with a slowly progressing right cheek mass with a clinical history of approximately 28 months. Sonographic imaging revealed a hypoechoic mass, which was considered a benign tumour. However, a pathological diagnosis of ASPS was made after excision of the mass. Five days later, functional right cervical lymph node dissection was performed. No other adjuvant therapy was administered after surgery. In a periodic follow-up of the patient six months later, blood-rich tumour growth was noted at the primary site, and Positron emission tomography-computedtomography (PET-CT) ruled out distant metastasis in other areas. The patient was referred to the Ninth People's Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University. Due to the large extent of the mass, the patient received a combination of a Programmed Cell Death Ligand 1(PD-L1) inhibitor and a targeted drug. Unfortunately, the patient developed three episodes of severe diabetic ketoacidosis after the administration of the drugs. A confirmed diagnosis of ICPis-associated diabetes was confirmed. After the second operation, the postoperative pathological diagnosis was ASPS, and the margins were all negative. Therefore, we made a final clinical diagnosis of ASPS recurrence at the primary site. Currently in the follow-up, the patient is alive, has no distant metastases, and undergoes multiple imaging examinations every 3 months for the monitoring of their condition. CONCLUSIONS: In analysing the characteristics of all previously reported cases of buccal ASPS, it was found that the clinical history ranged from 1 to 24 months, with a mean of approximately 3 to 9 months. Tumour recurrence at the primary site has been reported in only one patient with buccal ASPS, and the short-term recurrence in our patient may be related to the extraordinarily long 28-month history. ICPis-associated diabetes may be noted in young patients with rare tumours, and regular insulin level monitoring after use is necessary.


Asunto(s)
Mejilla , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Sarcoma de Parte Blanda Alveolar , Humanos , Masculino , Sarcoma de Parte Blanda Alveolar/patología , Sarcoma de Parte Blanda Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Sarcoma de Parte Blanda Alveolar/cirugía , Mejilla/patología , Adulto Joven , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/patología , Neoplasias de la Boca/patología , Neoplasias de la Boca/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias de la Boca/cirugía
8.
Swiss Dent J ; 134(3)2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847055

RESUMEN

The oral verruciform xanthoma (OVX) is a rare, benign lesion that occurs predominantly in the masticatory region of the oral cavity. The OVX is small, slow growing, and mostly free of clinical symptoms. The exact pathogenesis is unknown, and a viral etiology such as from a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has not been proven. Although primarily observed in healthy individuals, there have been cases in patients with autoimmune diseases and with chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). The treatment of choice is complete excision of the lesion. This case report showcases a successful surgical removal of an oral verruciform xanthoma on the left buccal mucosa in a 56-year-old patient with GvHD 14 years after allo-genic stem cell transplantation due to a Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.


Asunto(s)
Mejilla , Enfermedad Injerto contra Huésped , Xantomatosis , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Xantomatosis/diagnóstico , Xantomatosis/cirugía , Enfermedad Injerto contra Huésped/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de la Boca/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de la Boca/cirugía , Enfermedades de la Boca/terapia , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal/patología , Diagnóstico Diferencial
9.
Radiol Imaging Cancer ; 6(3): e230211, 2024 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727566

RESUMEN

The "puffed cheek" technique is routinely performed during CT neck studies in patients with suspected oral cavity cancers. The insufflation of air within the oral vestibule helps in the detection of small buccal mucosal lesions, with better delineation of lesion origin, depth, and extent of spread. The pitfalls associated with this technique are often underrecognized and poorly understood. They can mimic actual lesions, forfeiting the technique's primary purpose. This review provides an overview of the puffed cheek technique and its associated pitfalls. These pitfalls include pneumoparotid, soft palate elevation that resembles a nasopharyngeal mass, various tongue displacements or distortions that obscure tongue lesions or mimic them, sublingual gland herniation, an apparent exacerbation of the airway edema, vocal cord adduction that hinders glottic evaluation, and false indications of osteochondronecrosis in laryngeal cartilage. Most stem from a common underlying mechanism of unintentional Valsalva maneuver engaged in by the patient while trying to perform a puffed cheek, creating a closed air column under positive pressure with resultant surrounding soft-tissue displacement. These pitfalls can thus be avoided by instructing the patient to maintain continuous nasal breathing while puffing out their cheek during image acquisition, preventing the formation of the closed air column. Keywords: CT, Head/Neck © RSNA, 2024.


Asunto(s)
Mejilla , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Humanos , Mejilla/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X/métodos , Neoplasias de la Boca/diagnóstico por imagen , Insuflación/métodos
10.
Lasers Med Sci ; 39(1): 100, 2024 Apr 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609686

RESUMEN

To explore the efficacy and safety of fractional micro-needling radiofrequency (FMRF) in the treatment of enlarged pores on the cheek in a Chinese cohort. Patients with enlarged facial pores who underwent FMRF between January 2020 and December 2022 were included in this study. Blinded clinical assessments were performed by two independent dermatologists using a six-grade photographic enlarged pore scale and a quartile grading scale. Patients were asked to rate the degree of pain related to treatment on a visual analog scale (VAS), with scores ranging from 0 (no pain) to 10 (worst pain ever). A paired t-test was used to analyze the six-grade photographic enlarged pore scores. A total of 22 patients received three consecutive sessions of FMRF treatment, with intervals of 1-3 months, and underwent follow-up as scheduled. The mean six-grade photographic enlarged score was 3.55 ± 0.96 at baseline, while the score decreased significantly to 2.59 ± 0.59 after three treatment sessions (P < 0.05). The improvement score of the patients, assessed by two independent dermatologists, was 2.31 ± 0.71, according to the quartile grading scale. The mean VAS score was 6.42 ± 1.44. FMRF is effective and safe for the treatment of enlarged facial pores after three sessions.


Asunto(s)
Dolor , Inducción Percutánea del Colágeno , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Mejilla , FMRFamida , China
11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(4)2024 Mar 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38674213

RESUMEN

Background and Objectives: There are many surgical techniques for oroantral communication treatment, one of which is the buccal fat pad. Of particular interest is the high reparative potential of the buccal fat pad, which may be contributed to by the presence of mesenchymal stem cells. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the reparative potential of BFP cells using morphological and immunohistochemical examination. Materials and Methods: 30 BFP samples were provided by the Clinic of Maxillofacial and Plastic Surgery of the Russian University of Medicine (Moscow, Russia) from 28 patients. Morphological examination of 30 BFP samples was performed at the Institute of Clinical Morphology and Digital Pathology of Sechenov University. Hematoxylin-eosin, Masson trichrome staining and immunohistochemical examination were performed to detect MSCs using primary antibodies CD133, CD44 and CD10. Results: During staining with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome, we detected adipocytes of white adipose tissue united into lobules separated by connective tissue layers, a large number of vessels of different calibers, as well as the general capsule of BFP. The thin connective tissue layers contained neurovascular bundles. Statistical processing of the results of the IHC examination of the samples using the Mann-Whitney criterion revealed that the total number of samples in which the expression of CD44, CD10 and CD133 antigens was confirmed was statistically significantly higher than the number of samples where the expression was not detected (p < 0.05). Conclusions: During the morphological study of the BFP samples, we revealed statistically significant signs of MSCs presence (p < 0.05), including in the brown fat tissue, which proves the high reparative potential of this type of tissue and can make the BFP a choice option among other autogenous donor materials when eliminating OAC and other surgical interventions in the maxillofacial region.


Asunto(s)
Tejido Adiposo , Compuestos Azo , Mejilla , Inmunohistoquímica , Humanos , Inmunohistoquímica/métodos , Femenino , Masculino , Antígeno AC133/análisis , Receptores de Hialuranos/análisis , Neprilisina/análisis , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Adulto , Eosina Amarillenta-(YS) , Hematoxilina , Verde de Metilo
12.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(4)2024 Apr 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649240

RESUMEN

A man in his 30s presented to the emergency department with a history of injury to the face with a crowbar. He was discharged from the department, in the absence of any facial bone fractures and given normal examination findings, except for a puncture wound on the mentum. The patient then re-presented within 24 hours with extensive cervical emphysema extending into the mediastinal cavity.He was referred to ear, nose and throat team for further management. CT scan of the chest and neck showed extensive surgical emphysema and a pneumomediastinum. The patient was managed conservatively and recovered well with no significant sequelae.Even in the absence of facial bone fractures, it is imperative to understand the force of impact which should prompt a consideration of imaging of the chest. Appropriate advice regarding avoidance of Valsalva manoeuvres will help prevent extensive propagation of air through the fascial planes that can result in a pneumomediastinum.


Asunto(s)
Mejilla , Enfisema Mediastínico , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Humanos , Masculino , Enfisema Mediastínico/etiología , Enfisema Mediastínico/diagnóstico por imagen , Adulto , Mejilla/lesiones , Enfisema Subcutáneo/etiología , Enfisema Subcutáneo/diagnóstico por imagen , Traumatismos Faciales/complicaciones , Traumatismos Faciales/diagnóstico por imagen , Traumatismos Torácicos/complicaciones
13.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 150(6): 517-518, 2024 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662404

RESUMEN

An 87-year-old woman presents with sudden-onset worsening right facial swelling and pain and generalized maxillary alveolar hyperplasia. What is your diagnosis?


Asunto(s)
Mejilla , Humanos , Femenino , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Anciano , Edema/etiología
14.
Microsurgery ; 44(4): e31175, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553853

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The pectoral myocutaneous flap (PMF) is a workhorse regional reconstructive option for head and neck defects. It is commonly used for primary reconstructions due to its advantages or as a life-boat flap in the salvage of failed reconstructions of free flaps. However, it also has intrinsic drawbacks, such as perfusion problems and partial or complete flap loss. Although there are many studies about the advantages and use of PMF in the literature, the number of studies about salvage of this workhorse flap is inadequate. We aimed to present the use of the pedicle of previously performed PMF as a recipient for free flaps in head and neck reconstruction. METHODS: Between January 2022 and August 2023, 10 free flaps were used in nine patients (three females and six males) who had previously undergone head and neck reconstruction with PMF. The age of the patients ranged from 54 to 74 years. Seven out of the nine PMFs were previously performed by different surgical teams. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was the reason for primary surgeries in all patients and the PMFs were used for right lower lip and right submandibular defect, left lower lip and mentum defect, lower lip defect, right lower lip and right submandibular defect, right retromolar trigone defect, right buccal defect, left anterolateral esophageal defect, right retromolar trigone defect and left anterolateral pharyngoesophageal defect reconstructions. The problems were partial skin island necrosis and wound dehiscence in six patients and total skin necrosis in three patients. The partial skin island necroses already showed that the pedicles were unproblematic. For patients with total skin island necrosis the muscle stalks so the pedicles were also unproblematic which were confirmed by physical examination and Doppler device. After complications, the finally defects were located in the lower lip, left lower lip and mentum, right lower lip and right submandibular area, left anterolateral esophageal area and left neck, right buccal area, right retromolar trigon, left anterolateral pharyngoesophageal fistula and left neck. The sizes of the defects were between 3 × 4 cm and 11 × 17 cm. For all patients, the pedicle of the previously harvested PMF was used as a recipient for free flaps. Since the PMF was flipped over the clavicula for the reconstruction previously, the pedicle was so close to skin or skin graft which was used for coverage of the muscle stalk. The Doppler device was used first over the clavicle where the PMF was flipped for vessel identification. After marking the vessels, a vertical zigzag incision was made on the skin or skin graft. The perivascular fatty tissue and the pedicle were encountered with minimal dissection by the guidance of Doppler. After meticulous microscopic dissection, the pedicle of PMF was prepared for anastomoses as usual. Six radial forearm free flap (RFFF) and four anterolateral thigh flap (ALT) flaps were used in the head and neck reconstructions for the nine patients. RESULTS: The sizes of the flaps were between 4 × 5 cm and 12 × 17 cm. The diameters of the recipient arteries were between 0.9 and 1.2 mm. Recipient veins were approximately the same diameter as the arteries. In one patient, two vein grafts were used for lengthening both the artery and vein to reach recipient vessels. End-to-end anastomoses without vein grafts were performed in the remaining patients. One arterial thrombosis that manifested on the first postoperative day was salvaged successfully. Hematoma was seen in two patients and wound dehiscence was seen in three patients. There was no partial or total flap necrosis and all flaps survived. The follow-up period ranged from 2 to 12 months. Despite successful reconstructions, two patients died during the follow-up period due to unrelated conditions. Functional results were acceptable in the remaining patients. CONCLUSION: The pedicle of previously used pectoral myocutaneous flaps may be a useful alternative option as the recipient for free flaps in head and neck reconstruction.


Asunto(s)
Colgajos Tisulares Libres , Colgajo Miocutáneo , Procedimientos de Cirugía Plástica , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Colgajos Tisulares Libres/irrigación sanguínea , Colgajo Miocutáneo/irrigación sanguínea , Mejilla/cirugía , Muslo/cirugía , Necrosis/cirugía
15.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(1): 10-14, 2024 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514425

RESUMEN

AIM: To describe a clinical case of ultrasound (US) used to evaluate, before, post-immediately, and after 4 months, the facial application of a volumizing and biostimulating substance. BACKGROUND: Detecting the behavior of injected filler materials with high-frequency US-guided application is the future of natural facial rejuvenation with more predictable and satisfactory results. TECHNIQUE: A patient indicated for orofacial harmonization (OFH) procedures through volumizing and biostimulating material application was invited to participate. The technique was performed by applying HArmonyCa™ (Allergan Aesthetics, Irvine, CA, USA) in the gonial, preauricular, and bilateral lateral zygomatic angle regions. The first evaluations used the US images before and after product application with a Logiq e® high-frequency US device (GE Healthcare, Chicago, IL, USA) with a probe/linear transducer of 18 MHz. About 4 months after the procedure, a new assessment with the same initial acquisition pattern was performed. The first evaluation showed normal-looking anatomical structures without the esthetic material. Immediately after the procedure and 4 months later, the assessments presented semi-permanent esthetic fillers as dispersed lobulated hyperechogenic areas with a cloud aspect. CONCLUSION: High-frequency US was efficient in the static evaluation of HArmonyCa™ behavior on the facial skin. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The US-guided application of injectable products in specific areas has minimal side effects and contributes to more predictable and satisfactory results. How to cite this article: Gouveia RSA, Tostes LLL, Bezerra FV, et al. High-frequency Ultrasound in the Assessment before and after Applying HArmonyCa™. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(1):10-14.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Cosméticas , Humanos , Mejilla , Estética Dental , Cara/diagnóstico por imagen , Inyecciones
17.
Head Neck Pathol ; 18(1): 15, 2024 Mar 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456974

RESUMEN

Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare benign neoplasm that can be mistaken for malignancies due to its unfamiliarity among clinicians and aggressive clinical appearance. We herein contributed by reporting an additional case of MNTI characterized by an extensive extraoral protrusion in a 2-month-old infant. The lesion involved the anterior maxilla, cheek, and infraorbital region, resulting the displacement of the nose to the contralateral side, and measuring approximately 10 cm in size. Surgical resection of the lesion was performed. After a 6-month follow-up, the patient has shown no evidence of recurrence. The rapid growth and aggressive behavior of MNTI emphasize the importance of an early diagnosis and prompt intervention in order to achieve favorable outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico , Humanos , Lactante , Mejilla/patología , Maxilar/patología , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/diagnóstico , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/patología , Tumor Neuroectodérmico Melanótico/cirugía
18.
Ultrasonics ; 139: 107299, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508083

RESUMEN

Dermal collagen is the most abundant component of human skin and has a network structure that regulates the mechanical properties of the skin. Therefore, non-invasive characterization of the collagen network would be beneficial for the evaluation of skin conditions. The microscopic substructures of the network, which are individual bundles and fibers, have been optically investigated. However, the macroscopic structure of the collagen network has not been assessed. To evaluate the dermal collagen network, we developed two new indicators, volume filling factor (VFF) and collagen fiber texture (CFT), to analyze three-dimensional echo intensity maps of high-frequency ultrasonic microscopy. By identifying the difference in the elastic modulus components of the dermal layer of facial skin, the density and texture of the collagen network were characterized using VFF and CFT, respectively. These new indicators revealed that the density decreased and the texture became fine with facial age. This study demonstrates that ultrasonic microscopy is useful for investigating skin conditions, paving the way for diagnostic applications in dermatology and aesthetic medicine.


Asunto(s)
Microscopía , Ultrasonido , Humanos , Mejilla/diagnóstico por imagen , Piel/diagnóstico por imagen , Colágeno
19.
Aesthet Surg J ; 44(7): NP476-NP485, 2024 Jun 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489829

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite increasing popularity, the use of hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers for the correction of dark under-eye shadows remains challenging. Specific guidance on patient assessment is limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop a stepwise assessment framework for lower eyelid dark shadows to help practitioners classify patients based on their underlying problems and facilitate a more strategic approach to treatment. METHODS: Literature review and peer collaboration informed the current availability of educational material for use by experienced injectors when assessing patients presenting with dark circles. A practitioner survey provided insight into current practices. A focus group convened to review the survey results and discuss best practice approaches to patient assessment. RESULTS: Surveyed practitioners (n = 39) reported patient concern about under-eye hollows (91%), dark eye circles (80%), and looking tired (60%). All (100%) agreed that midcheek volume was critical when treating tear-trough depression, and only 26% reported use of a tear-trough classification system. The focus group developed a framework for assessing tear-trough depression and the lid-cheek junction in patients presenting with dark circles. Key factors within this framework included the importance of appropriate lighting when conducting a visual inspection, regional inspection of the cheek and tear trough, palpation of the orbital rim and soft tissues, determination of the orbital vector, and assessment of lower eyelid pigmentation and skin quality. CONCLUSIONS: Careful step-by-step assessment can reduce the challenges of treating dark circles by identifying patients in whom dark eye circles may be improved without the need to directly inject filler into the tear trough.


Asunto(s)
Mejilla , Técnicas Cosméticas , Rellenos Dérmicos , Párpados , Ácido Hialurónico , Humanos , Ácido Hialurónico/administración & dosificación , Rellenos Dérmicos/administración & dosificación , Rellenos Dérmicos/efectos adversos , Grupos Focales , Envejecimiento de la Piel
20.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 48(10): 1920-1925, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499878

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To compare outcomes of lower eyelid retraction repair using a subperiosteal midface lifting technique with and without posterior lamellar grafts. METHODS: Charts of patients undergoing a sub-periosteal midface lift for treatment of lower eyelid retraction using 4 techniques for posterior lamellar reconstruction were reviewed. Thirty patients were included in each of the groups: midface with hard palate graft (HPG), midface lift with acellular cadaveric graft (ADG), midface lift with retractor disinsertion (RD) and midface lift alone (NG). Measurements of distance from pupil center to lower lid margin (MRD2) and from lateral limbus to lower lid margin (MRD2limbus) were taken from pre- and postoperative photographs and compared. Secondary outcomes included rates of reoperation, major and minor complications, resolution of symptoms and keratopathy. RESULTS: One hundred twenty operations were assessed (n = 30 for each surgical group). The average follow-up time was 20 weeks. The median MRD2 elevation was 0.95 mm (NG), 0.85 mm (HPG), 1.59 mm (ADG) and 1.02 mm (RD). The median MRD2limbus elevation was 1.06 mm (NG), 0.92 mm (HPG), 1.45 mm (ADG) and 1.12 mm (RD). There were no significant differences in MRD2 or MRD2limbus between the 4 groups (p = 0.06 and 0.29, respectively). Reoperation rates were highest with in the hard palate graft group (33%) compared to other techniques (p = 0.0006). CONCLUSIONS: Similar degrees of lower eyelid elevation were achieved with all the midface lifting techniques, and complication rates did not significantly differ between techniques. However, the higher reoperation rates with the use of spacer grafts suggest that a no-graft technique may be preferable. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .


Asunto(s)
Blefaroplastia , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Anciano , Adulto , Resultado del Tratamiento , Blefaroplastia/métodos , Mejilla/cirugía , Ritidoplastia/métodos , Estética , Enfermedades de los Párpados/cirugía , Estudios de Cohortes , Medición de Riesgo , Párpados/cirugía , Estudios de Seguimiento
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