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2.
Nature ; 579(7798): 245-249, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32161388

RESUMEN

Skeletal inclusions in approximately 99-million-year-old amber from northern Myanmar provide unprecedented insights into the soft tissue and skeletal anatomy of minute fauna, which are not typically preserved in other depositional environments1-3. Among a diversity of vertebrates, seven specimens that preserve the skeletal remains of enantiornithine birds have previously been described1,4-8, all of which (including at least one seemingly mature specimen) are smaller than specimens recovered from lithic materials. Here we describe an exceptionally well-preserved and diminutive bird-like skull that documents a new species, which we name Oculudentavis khaungraae gen. et sp. nov. The find appears to represent the smallest known dinosaur of the Mesozoic era, rivalling the bee hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae)-the smallest living bird-in size. The O. khaungraae specimen preserves features that hint at miniaturization constraints, including a unique pattern of cranial fusion and an autapomorphic ocular morphology9 that resembles the eyes of lizards. The conically arranged scleral ossicles define a small pupil, indicative of diurnal activity. Miniaturization most commonly arises in isolated environments, and the diminutive size of Oculudentavis is therefore consistent with previous suggestions that this amber formed on an island within the Trans-Tethyan arc10. The size and morphology of this species suggest a previously unknown bauplan, and a previously undetected ecology. This discovery highlights the potential of amber deposits to reveal the lowest limits of vertebrate body size.


Asunto(s)
Dinosaurios/anatomía & histología , Dinosaurios/clasificación , Fósiles , Ámbar , Animales , Tamaño Corporal , Mianmar , Especificidad de la Especie
3.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 18, 2020 Feb 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036792

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The National Plan for Malaria Elimination (NPME) in Myanmar (2016-2030) aims to eliminate indigenous Plasmodium falciparum malaria in six states/regions of low endemicity by 2020 and countrywide by 2030. To achieve this goal, in 2016 the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) implemented the "1-3-7" surveillance and response strategy. This study aims to identify the barriers to successful implementation of the NPME which emerged during the early phase of the "1-3-7" approach deployment. METHODS: A mixed-methods study was conducted with basic health staff (BHS) and Vector Born Disease Control Program (VBDC) staff between 2017 and 2018 in six townships of six states/regions targeted for sub-national elimination by 2020. A self-administered questionnaire, designed to assess the knowledge required to implement the "1-3-7" approach, was completed by 544 respondents. Bivariate analysis was performed for quantitative findings and thematic analysis was conducted for qualitative findings using Atals.ti software. RESULTS: Although 83% of participants reported performing the key activities in the "1-3-7" surveillance and response approach, less than half could report performing those activities within 3 days and 7 days (40 and 43%, respectively). Low proportion of BHS correctly identified six categories of malaria cases and three types of foci (22 and 26%, respectively). In contrast, nearly 80% of respondents correctly named three types of case detection methods. Most cited challenges included 'low community knowledge on health' (43%), 'inadequate supplies' (22%), and 'transportation difficulty' (21%). Qualitative data identified poor knowledge of key surveillance activities, delays in reporting, and differences in reporting systems as the primary challenges. The dominant perceived barrier to success was inability to control the influx of migrant workers into target jurisdictions especially in hard-to-reach areas. Interviews with township medical officers and the NMCP team leaders further highlighted the necessity of refresher training for every step in the "1-3-7" surveillance and response approach. CONCLUSIONS: The performance of the "1-3-7" surveillance and response approach in Myanmar delivers promising results. However, numerous challenges are likely to slow down malaria elimination progress in accordance with the NPME. Multi-stakeholder engagement and health system readiness is critical for malaria elimination at the sub-national level.


Asunto(s)
Antimaláricos/uso terapéutico , Agentes Comunitarios de Salud/psicología , Malaria Falciparum/epidemiología , Malaria Falciparum/prevención & control , Vigilancia de Guardia , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Mianmar/epidemiología , Plasmodium falciparum , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Migrantes
5.
Accid Anal Prev ; 134: 105319, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706186

RESUMEN

The continuous motorization of traffic has led to a sustained increase in the global number of road related fatalities and injuries. To counter this, governments are focusing on enforcing safe and law-abiding behavior in traffic. However, especially in developing countries where the motorcycle is the main form of transportation, there is a lack of comprehensive data on the safety-critical behavioral metric of motorcycle helmet use. This lack of data prohibits targeted enforcement and education campaigns which are crucial for injury prevention. Hence, we have developed an algorithm for the automated registration of motorcycle helmet usage from video data, using a deep learning approach. Based on 91,000 annotated frames of video data, collected at multiple observation sites in 7 cities across the country of Myanmar, we trained our algorithm to detect active motorcycles, the number and position of riders on the motorcycle, as well as their helmet use. An analysis of the algorithm's accuracy on an annotated test data set, and a comparison to available human-registered helmet use data reveals a high accuracy of our approach. Our algorithm registers motorcycle helmet use rates with an accuracy of -4.4% and +2.1% in comparison to a human observer, with minimal training for individual observation sites. Without observation site specific training, the accuracy of helmet use detection decreases slightly, depending on a number of factors. Our approach can be implemented in existing roadside traffic surveillance infrastructure and can facilitate targeted data-driven injury prevention campaigns with real-time speed. Implications of the proposed method, as well as measures that can further improve detection accuracy are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Profundo , Dispositivos de Protección de la Cabeza/estadística & datos numéricos , Motocicletas/estadística & datos numéricos , Accidentes de Tránsito/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Ciudades , Recolección de Datos/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Mianmar
6.
Acta Trop ; 201: 105221, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654901

RESUMEN

Opisthorchiasis-associated cholangiocarcinoma (OV-CCA) is a major public health problem in Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Countries, the poorest region in Asia. People in this region have similar traditions or respect the same religion. There is no difference in lifestyle and food culture. Excluding Thailand, publications on risk factors for OV-CCA from the GMS Countries are few, especially data on behavioral risk factors for OV-CCA. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the behavior-related risk factors and to compare the risk of OV-CCA among rural people living along the Mekong River in five GMS countries. It was a cross-sectional analytic study during June and October 2017. All participants with informed consent completed the questionnaires. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the prevalence of risk factors. Odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals were used to compare the risk of OV-CCA. It was found that there were more drinkers than non-drinkers in all areas, except in Vietnam. The highest history of liver fluke infection was found in Cambodia. Praziquantel use and consumption of raw freshwater fish dishes were mostly found in Lao PDR. The highest consumption of nitrosamine-contaminated foodstuffs was found in Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand. The spatial comparison of OV-CCA risk showed that Lao PDR and Ubon Ratchathani were two risk areas when compared to Tachileik, Myanmar (a reference area). This study provided the behavior-related risk factors for OV-CCA among people in five GMS Countries which would be a major jigsaw puzzle leading to proactive surveillance for OV-CCA prevention in the future.


Asunto(s)
Conductos Biliares Intrahepáticos/patología , Colangiocarcinoma/epidemiología , Opistorquiasis/epidemiología , Asunción de Riesgos , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Animales , Neoplasias de los Conductos Biliares/epidemiología , Cambodia/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mianmar/epidemiología , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Tailandia/epidemiología , Vietnam/epidemiología
7.
Ann Lab Med ; 40(2): 142-147, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650730

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is decreasing, cases of multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB continue to increase. As conventional phenotype drug susceptibility testing (pDST) takes six to eight weeks, molecular assays are widely used to determine drug resistance. we developed QuantaMatrix Multiplexed Assay Platform (QMAP) MDR/XDR assay (QuantaMatrix Inc., Seoul, Korea) that can simultaneously detect mutations related to both first- and second-line drug resistance (rifampin, isoniazid, ethambutol, fluoroquinolones, second-line injectable drugs, and streptomycin). METHODS: We used 190 clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains isolated from Myanmar, compared QMAP and pDST results, and determined concordance rates. Additionally, we performed sequence analyses for discordant results. RESULTS: QMAP results were 87.9% (167/190) concordant with pDST results. In the 23 isolates with discordant results, the QMAP and DNA sequencing results completely matched. CONCLUSIONS: The QMAP MDR/XDR assay can detect all known DNA mutations associated with drug resistance for both MDR- and XDR-MTB strains. It can be used for molecular diagnosis of MDR- and XDR-TB to rapidly initiate appropriate anti-TB drug therapy.


Asunto(s)
Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana Múltiple/genética , Tuberculosis Extensivamente Resistente a Drogas/diagnóstico , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa Multiplex/métodos , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Tuberculosis Resistente a Múltiples Medicamentos/diagnóstico , Antituberculosos/farmacología , Antituberculosos/uso terapéutico , ADN Bacteriano/genética , ADN Bacteriano/metabolismo , Tuberculosis Extensivamente Resistente a Drogas/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Mutación , Mianmar , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/aislamiento & purificación , Fenotipo , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Tuberculosis Resistente a Múltiples Medicamentos/tratamiento farmacológico
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 247: 112250, 2020 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586694

RESUMEN

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) Hong is important medicinal plant that is native to the eastern Himalayas and Hengduan mountains in China. It is also distributed in Nepal, north east India, Bhutan and northern Myanmar. Plant parts are traditionally used against different kinds of diseases and various compounds present in different plant parts are also effective against many diseases. Thus, N. scrophulariiflora has a high potential to maintain human health. AIM OF THE REVIEW: Although N. scrophulariiflora is very important and widely studied plant species but there is no comprehensive up-to-date review of published and unpublished literature. So, in the present article we have compiled and critically commented on the botanical characteristics, traditional uses, plant growth and cultivation, micropropagation, conservation status, secondary metabolites, pharmacology and toxicity of the plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extensive literature searches both electronic online databases (Google Scholar, Scopus, Springer Link, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, ResearchGate, PubMed, ChemSpider, USPTO, Google patents and Espacenet) and library visits in Nepal were carried out to collect the literature on information published prior to April 2019. RESULTS: N. scrophulariiflora was traditionally used for 82 ailments/diseases. There are 124 major phytochemicals extracted from the plant. Several compounds are effective in bioactivity. Pharmacologically, the plant is proved to be anti-atherosclerotic, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory in-vivo studies, and antimicrobial, antimalarial, antioxidative, hepatoprotective, immunomodulatory and nerve growth factor potentiating from in-vitro studies. Renal improvement activities were confirmed from both in-vivo and in-vitro studies. Toxicological tests and a single clinical trial in human beings have supported the notion that the plant is not poisonous but beneficial for curing wide ranges of diseases. CONCLUSION: N. scrophulariiflora is valuable medicinal plant that can serve as promising source of non-harmful and potential medicinal herbal remedies for human beings.


Asunto(s)
Etnofarmacología , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Plantaginaceae/química , Bután , China , Humanos , India , Mianmar , Nepal , Extractos Vegetales/uso terapéutico
9.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 394-400, 2020 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637726

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The present study examined the potential for 'Smart Food' with respect to contributing to the Sustainable Development Goal 2 of ending malnutrition by 2030, using a small-scale capacity building case study in Oe Be Village, Myingyan district, Mandalay region, Myanmar. Within the study site, refined white rice is the major staple, followed by vegetables and animal source food in inadequate quantities. The protein intake in this particular dry zone community meets only 50% of the daily requirement and even less for those children aged less than 23 months. Therefore, to determine the acceptance and opportunity for legumes and millets which are produced locally, nutritious formulations were introduced for various age groups. In addition, a sensory evaluation of the recipes was conducted to test the acceptance of the nutritious products. RESULTS: Two weeks of the inclusion of millets and pigeonpea in the diets of children aged 6-23 months had a positive impact on wasting, stunting and underweight (P = 0.002, 0.014 and 0.023, respectively). Moreover, the acceptability of these new food products by the children was found to be high. These results indicate an unexplored opportunity for specific millets rich in iron, zinc and calcium, as well as for pigeonpea rich in protein, if prepared in a culturally acceptable way. CONCLUSION: The impact and acceptability of this small scale and short-term intervention indicate the potential for Smart Food products in filling the nutrition gap arising from the traditional food consumption habits in the dry zones of Myanmar. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Asunto(s)
Cajanus/metabolismo , Mijos/metabolismo , Cajanus/química , Calcio en la Dieta/análisis , Calcio en la Dieta/metabolismo , Preescolar , Dieta , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Hierro/análisis , Hierro/metabolismo , Masculino , Mijos/química , Mianmar , Estado Nutricional , Población Rural
10.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226414, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846496

RESUMEN

Anthropologists and religious scholars have long debated the relationship between doctrinal Theravada Buddhism, so-called 'animism', and other folk practices in southeast Asian societies. A variety of models of this relationship have been proposed on the basis of ethnographic evidence. We provide the first psychometric and quantitative evaluation of these competing models, using a new scale developed for this purpose, the Burmese Buddhist Religiosity Scale. Having tested existing hypotheses in our first study (n = 2285) we formulated an alternative model, which was then tested in our second study (n = 3377). We argue that this model provides support for a two-dimensional distinction between great and little traditions, shedding light on decades-old theoretical debates. Far from being in conflict, the transnational religious tradition of the literati and the variegated religious practices of locals appear to be reflected in two complementary dimensions of religiosity. This distinction has been heretofore neglected in psychometric research, but arguably merits attention beyond Buddhism, in the psychology of religion more generally. Our findings suggest that, insofar as research on religiosity relies on doctrinal pronouncements denigrating little traditions as mere superstition, it may be blinded to a crucial dimension of religious life.


Asunto(s)
Budismo/psicología , Cultura , Psicometría , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Mianmar , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1502, 2019 Nov 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711455

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal impairments (MSI) are a major global contributor to disability. Evidence suggests entrenched cyclical links between disability and poverty, although few data are available on the link of poverty with MSI specifically. More data are needed on the association of MSI with functioning, socio-economic status and quality of life, particularly in resource-poor settings where MSI is common. METHODS: We undertook a case-control study of the association between MSI and poverty, time use and quality of life in post-conflict Myanmar. Cases were recruited from two physical rehabilitation service-centres, prior to the receipt of any services. One age- (+/- 5 years of case's age) and sex- matched control was recruited per case, from their home community. 108 cases and 104 controls were recruited between July - December 2015. Cases and controls underwent in-depth structured interviews and functional performance tests at multiple time points over a twelve-month period. The baseline characteristics of cases and controls are reported in this manuscript, using multivariate logistic regression analysis and various tests of association. RESULTS: 89% of cases were male, 93% were lower limb amputees, and the vast majority had acquired MSI in adulthood. 69% were not working compared with 6% of controls (Odds Ratio 27.4, 95% Confidence Interval 10.6-70.7). Overall income, expenditure and assets were similar between cases and controls, with three-quarters of both living below the international LMIC poverty line. However, cases' health expenditure was significantly higher than controls' and associated with catastrophic health expenditure and an income gap for one fifth and two thirds of cases respectively. Quality of life scores were lower for cases than controls overall and in each sub-category of quality of life, and cases were far less likely to have participated in productive work the previous day than controls. CONCLUSION: Adults with MSI in Myanmar who are not in receipt of rehabilitative services may be at increased risk of poverty and lower quality of life in relation to increased health needs and limited opportunities to participate in productive work. This study highlights the need for more comprehensive and appropriate support to persons with physical impairments in Myanmar.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Discapacidad/rehabilitación , Enfermedades Musculoesqueléticas/rehabilitación , Calidad de Vida , Heridas y Traumatismos/epidemiología , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estatus Económico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermedades Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Mianmar , Oportunidad Relativa , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/estadística & datos numéricos , Clase Social , Heridas y Traumatismos/rehabilitación
12.
Zootaxa ; 4577(2): zootaxa.4577.2.3, 2019 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715722

RESUMEN

Two new species of Bent-toed Geckos of the Cyrtodactylus peguensis group are described from foothill areas occurring on opposite sides of the Ayeyarwady Basin. Cyrtodactylus nyinyikyawi sp. nov. from the Shwe Settaw Wildlife Sanctuary, Magway Region in the east and C. pyadalinensis sp. nov. from the Panluang-Pyadalin Wildlife Sanctuary, Shan State in the west bear unique suits of morphological and color pattern character states separating them from all species in the peguensis group. Additionally, a molecular phylogeny based on the mitochondrial gene ND2 indicates that neither species is nested within, nor sister to any known species in the group. This study augments recent and ongoing studies showing that the Ayeyarwady Basin is herpetologically more diverse than previously considered and should be incorporated into ongoing discussions concerning conservation efforts in Myanmar.


Asunto(s)
Lagartos , Animales , Color , Genes Mitocondriales , Mianmar , Filogenia
13.
Zootaxa ; 4571(2): zootaxa.4571.2.6, 2019 Mar 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715819

RESUMEN

A new species of the insect order Zoraptera, Zorotypus hukawngi sp. n., is described and figured based on one not well-preserved specimen in mid-Cretaceous amber from the Hukawng Valley in northern Myanmar. Compared to known extinct zorapterans, the new species is readily distinguished by characters of the mesonotum, wings, and the spination of the metafemur and metatibia.


Asunto(s)
Ámbar , Fósiles , Animales , Insectos , Mianmar , Alas de Animales
14.
Zootaxa ; 4674(4): zootaxa.4674.4.7, 2019 Sep 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715997

RESUMEN

The male of Cretaconiopteryx grandis Liu Lu, 2017, which is the only representative species of the extinct dustywing subfamily Cretaconiopteryginae, is described for the first time from the Upper Cretaceous Burmese amber. The male genitalia, well preserved in the examined specimen, show a number of plesiomorphic characters, which support the sister group relationship between Coniopterygidae and the rest of extant lacewing families.


Asunto(s)
Fósiles , Holometabola , Ámbar , Animales , Masculino , Mianmar
15.
Zootaxa ; 4671(2): zootaxa.4671.2.12, 2019 Sep 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716063

RESUMEN

Last year I reported the rediscovery in Cambodia of Lestes nigriceps Fraser, 1924, described from Pusa, India (Fraser 1924a) but never reported since that time from India (Kosterin 2018). In my paper I presumed non-conspecificity of the male and females of the type series and made critical comments on Fraser's appendage drawing (Fraser 1924a: plate IX: 6) and verbal descriptions (Fraser 1924a; 1933) of this species but did not consider his key for Lestes Leach, 1815 in the 1st volume of "Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Odonata" (Fraser 1933). Later I found a considerable corruption in this key, which could lead to misidentifications. (It is noteworthy to stress that Fraser explicitly provided keys for males only).


Asunto(s)
Odonata , Animales , Cambodia , Femenino , India , Masculino , Mianmar , Sri Lanka
16.
Zootaxa ; 4585(2): zootaxa.4585.2.8, 2019 Apr 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716173

RESUMEN

A new genus and species of Cydnidae, Punctacorona triplosticha gen. et sp. nov. (Heteroptera: Pentatomomorpha) is described and illustrated from Myanmar amber. This new genus is established based on its forewing anterior margin angulated, clavus narrow, with three rows of distinct punctures, metapleuron neighboring to posterior margin of evaporatorium carinate. A comparison between the new species and the Chilamnestocoris mixtus Lis et al. 2018 from Myanmar is provided.


Asunto(s)
Gastrópodos , Heterópteros , Ámbar , Animales , Fósiles , Mianmar
17.
Zootaxa ; 4585(1): zootaxa.4585.1.12, 2019 Apr 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716190

RESUMEN

Thorell (1897) erected the monotypic genus Palicanus based on a single male specimen from Yangon (formerly Rangoon) in Myanmar (formerly Burma). Initially the genus was placed in Drassidae Sundevall, 1833, which later became a junior synonym of Gnaphosidae Pocock, 1898. The genus was subsequently transferred to Clubionidae Wagner, 1887 (Simon 1897) and finally to Miturgidae Simon, 1886 (Lehtinen 1967). Palicanus caudatus Thorell, 1897 is notable because of its mouse-grey appearance (Deeleman-Reinhold 2001) and is currently known to occur in China, Indonesia, Myanmar, Reunion Island and Seychelles (World Spider Catalog 2019). Gravely (1931) described Systaria barkudensis (Gravely, 1931), originally placed under Syrisca Simon, 1886, on the basis of specimens collected from the Indian state of Odisha. The species was redescribed once (Majumder Tikader 1991) and later it was transferred to Systaria Simon, 1897 (Deeleman-Reinhold 2001). In this paper, we synonymise S. barkudensis with P. caudatus and provide supplementary information on the somatic morphology and male genitalia with detailed illustrations.


Asunto(s)
Arañas , Distribución Animal , Animales , China , Indonesia , Masculino , Ratones , Mianmar , Reunión , Seychelles
18.
Zootaxa ; 4624(3): zootaxa.4624.3.1, 2019 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716208

RESUMEN

An integrative taxonomic analysis of the Cyrtodactylus linnwayensis group of the Shan Plateau recovered two new populations from isolated karst habitats near Pinlaung Town, Shan State as a new species, C. pinlaungensis sp. nov. Cyrtodactylus pinlaungensis sp. nov. is most closely related to a clade comprising C. linnwayensis and C. ywanganensis from the western edge of the Shan Plateau approximately 90 km to the northwest. Cyrtodactylus pinlaungensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from all members of the C. linnwayensis group by a number of statistically different morphological characters, discrete color pattern differences, and its heavy tuberculation. It also bears an uncorrected pairwise sequence divergence of 5.0-7.6% from all other species combined based on the mitochondrial gene ND2 and its flanking tRNAs. The discovery of this new species on the Shan Plateau continues to underscore the fact that this region is rapidly emerging as a herpetological diversity hot-spot for Myanmar.


Asunto(s)
Lagartos , Animales , Ecosistema , Genes Mitocondriales , Mianmar , Filogenia
19.
Zootaxa ; 4623(2): zootaxa.4623.2.13, 2019 Jun 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716270

RESUMEN

The arctiine genus Alphaea Walker, 1855 is distributed in North and North East India, Nepal, southern China and northern Indochina. The genus was recently reviewed by Dubatolov Kishida (2005). It is subdivided into three subgenera, Alphaea, Flavalphaea Dubatolov Kishida, 2005 and Nayaca Moore, 1979 and includes 10 valid species. During a lepidopterological expedition to the north-western part of China's Yunnan Province in May of 2018, an undetermined species of Alphaea was collected. The Chinese specimens have the wing pattern very similar to that of A. (Flavalphaea) khasiana (Rothschild, 1910), but red and black abdomen (that is orange and black in A. khasiana).


Asunto(s)
Mariposas Nocturnas , Animales , China , Indochina , Mianmar , Nepal
20.
Zootaxa ; 4623(1): zootaxa.4623.1.1, 2019 Jun 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716271

RESUMEN

A herpetological survey of the Indawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary in Kachin State, Myanmar resulted in the discovery of a new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray along the eastern watershed of the Mokso Mountains. An integrative taxonomic analysis based on the mitochondrial ND2 gene, morphology, and color pattern recovered this new species, Cyrtodactylus mombergi sp. nov., as the sister taxon to an undescribed species from Miao, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses recovered notable genetically divergent (4.7%) phylogeographic structure between northern and southern populations of C. mombergi sp. nov. across only 14 km of continuous habitat. Conversely, genetic divergence did not exceed 9.2% between C. mombergi sp. nov. and the undescribed species from Miao from across 355 km of habitat. Cyrtodactylus mombergi sp. nov. belongs to a well-supported, mitochondrial clade of 18 other species which now compose an expanded and redefined C. gansi group. Cyrtodactylus mombergi sp. nov. is only the third species of Bent-toed Gecko reported from Kachin State and indicates that additional herpetological surveys are needed in unexplored forested areas.


Asunto(s)
Lagartos , Animales , Teorema de Bayes , Ecosistema , Bosques , India , Mianmar , Filogenia
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