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1.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e242708, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495144

RESUMEN

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are essential nonprotein-coding genes. In a range of organisms, miRNAs has been reported to play an essential role in regulating gene expressions at post-transcriptional level. They participate in most of the stress responsive processes in plants. Drought is an ultimate abiotic stress that affects the crop production. Therefore understanding drought stress responses are essential to improve the production of agricultural crops. Throughout evolution, plants have developed their own defense systems to cope with the adversities of environmental stresses. Among defensive mechanisms include the regulations of gene expression by miRNAs. Drought stress regulates the expression of some of the functionally conserved miRNAs in different plants. The given properties of miRNAs provide an insight to genetic alterations and enhancing drought resistance in cereal crops. The current review gives a summary to regulatory mechanisms in plants as well as miRNAs response to drought stresses in cereal crops. Some possible approaches and guidelines for the exploitation of drought stress miRNA responses to improve cereal crops are also described.


Asunto(s)
Sequías , MicroARNs , Producción de Cultivos , Productos Agrícolas/genética , MicroARNs/genética , Estrés Fisiológico/genética
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125878, 2021 08 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492818

RESUMEN

With the increased appreciation for the significance of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), the present research aimed to determine the role of competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) in the process of particulate matter (PM) exposure-induced pulmonary damage. Alterations in messenger RNA (RNA), microRNA and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) profiles of human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells treated with PM were analyzed by microarray assays. Next, we identified that lncRNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) acted as a competing endogenous RNA for microRNA-222-3p (miR-222-3p) and subsequently attenuated the inhibitory effect of miR-222-3p on CUGBP elav-like family member 1 (CELF1). The binding potency among ceRNAs was verified by RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay and dual-luciferase reporter assay. Knockdown of TUG1 attenuated HBE cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by downregulation of CELF1 and protein 53 (p53). Further, we confirmed that Tug1/mir-222-3p/CELF1/p53 network aggravated PM-induced airway hyper-reactivity (AHR) in mice. In summary, our novel findings revealed that TUG1 triggered dysfunction of pulmonary cells followed by PM exposure by serving as a sponge for miR-222-3p and thereby upregulating the expression of CELF1and p53.


Asunto(s)
MicroARNs , ARN Largo no Codificante , Animales , Proliferación Celular , Ratones , MicroARNs/genética , Material Particulado/toxicidad , ARN Largo no Codificante/genética , Taurina
3.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 386, 2021 09 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503521

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Little is known regarding the functional role of microRNA-193-3p (miR-193-3p) in sepsis. Hence, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of miR-193-3p on myocardial injury in mice with sepsis and its mechanism through the regulation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3). METHODS: The mice model of sepsis was established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), septic mice were injected with miR-193-3p agomir, miR-193-3p antagomir or siRNA-STAT3. The expression of miR-193-3p, STAT3 and HMGB1 in the myocardial tissue of septic mice were detected. Cardiac ultrasound, hemodynamics, myocardial injury markers, inflammatory factors and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in septic mice were measured. RESULTS: MiR-193-3p expression was reduced while STAT3 expression was increased in septic mice. Down-regulated STAT3 or up-regulated miR-193-3p improved cardiac function, attenuated myocardial injury, inflammation and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in septic mice. Knockdown STAT3 reversed the role of inhibited miR-193-3p for mice with sepsis. miR-193-3p targeted STAT3, thereby inhibiting HMGB1 expression. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that miR-193-3p targets STAT3 expression to reduce HMGB1 expression, thereby reducing septic myocardial damage. MiR-193-3p might be a potential candidate marker and therapeutic target for sepsis.


Asunto(s)
Proteína HMGB1 , MicroARNs , Sepsis , Animales , Apoptosis , Ciego , Ratones , MicroARNs/genética , Sepsis/complicaciones
4.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 387, 2021 09 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503528

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The recurrence and metastasis of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) may be mainly attributed to the persistence of cancer stem cells (CSCs); however, the linkage mechanism has yet to be fully elucidated. METHODS: The levels of miR-4721, FOXA1, and Nanog expression in NPC were detected by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. In vivo and in vitro metastasis assays confirmed miR-4721 promotes cell migration and invasion. Tumor spheroid formation assay, side population (SP) assay, and ALDEFLUOR assay verified miR-4721 regulates cancer stem cell-like properties. Luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-4721 directly regulates FOXA1 and FOXA1 effects the promoter activity of miR-4721 and Nanog. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis and electrophoresis mobility shift assay (EMSA) revealed that FOXA1 combined the promoter region of human miR-4721 and Nanog and the possible mechanism was also analyzed. RESULTS: In this study, a new mechanism of NPC tumorigenesis related to miR-4721 was verified. We found that miR-4721, FOXA1 and Nanog control their expressions through a negative feedback loop and then activate the downstream regulator of stem cell signaling to promote the enrichment and metastasis of NPC stem cells. CONCLUSION: These findings elucidate that the feedback loop of miR-4721/FOXA1/Nanog can regulate stemness and metastasis in NPC and may provide an experimental theoretical basis for metastasis and treatment resistance in NPC.


Asunto(s)
MicroARNs , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Línea Celular Tumoral , Movimiento Celular/genética , Retroalimentación , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica , Factor Nuclear 3-alfa del Hepatocito/genética , Humanos , MicroARNs/genética , Proteína Homeótica Nanog/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , Células Madre Neoplásicas
5.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 389, 2021 09 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507559

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a common subtype of lung cancer with high recurrence rate and fatality. Circ_0001361 has been recognized as key regulators in various malignancies, but its roles in LUAD remain ambiguous. METHODS: Circ_0001361, miR-525-5p, and VMA21 levels were assessed by RT-qPCR. The growth and metastasis of LUAD cells were detected by MTT, colony formation, wound scratch, and transwell assays, respectively. The interaction between circ_0001361/VMA21 and miR-525-5p was detected by dual luciferase, RNA immunoprecipitation, and RNA pull-down assays. VMA21 protein level was detected by Western blotting. Nude mouse xenograft model was established to determine the role of circ_0001361 in tumor growth in vivo. RESULTS: Circ_0001361 was up-regulated, while miR-525-5p was down-regulated in LUAD tissues and cells. Functional experiments demonstrated that circ_0001361 drove LUAD cell growth and metastasis. Mechanistically, circ_0001361 functioned as a sponge of miR-525-5p to up-regulate downstream target VMA21 level. MiR-525-5p/VMA21 axis was involved in circ_0001361-mediated malignant phenotypes of LUAD cells. Finally, inhibition of circ_0001361 restrained in vivo xenograft tumor growth via regulating miR-525-5p/VMA21 axis. CONCLUSION: Our findings elucidate that circ_0001361 facilitates the tumorigenesis and development of LUAD through miR-525-5p/VMA21 axis, providing evidence for circ_0001361 as a potential prognosis biomarker and therapeutic target for clinical treatment of LUAD.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma del Pulmón , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroARNs , Adenocarcinoma del Pulmón/genética , Animales , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Ratones , MicroARNs/genética , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia , ARN Circular
6.
Biol Res ; 54(1): 30, 2021 Sep 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517910

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the effect of miR-146a-5p on trophoblast cell invasion as well as the mechanism in preeclampsia (PE). METHODS: Expression levels of miR-146a-5p and Wnt2 in preeclamptic and normal placentae were quantified. Trophoblast cells (HTR-8) were separately transfected with miR-146a-5p mimic, miR-146a-5p inhibitor, pcDNA3.1-Wnt2 or sh-Wnt2, and then the expression levels of miR-146a-5p, Wnt2, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins (Vimentin, N-cadherin and E-cadherin) were measured. Moreover, the proliferative, migratory and invasive capacities of trophoblast cells were detected, respectively. Dual luciferase reporter assay determined the binding of miR-146a-5p and Wnt2. RESULTS: Compared with normal placental tissues, the placentae from PE patients showed higher miR-146a-5p expression and lower Wnt2 expression. Transfection of miR-146a-5p inhibitor or pcDNA3.1-Wnt2 exerted pro-migratory and pro-invasive effects on HTR-8 cells and encouraged EMT in HTR-8 cells; transfection with miR-146a-5p mimic or sh-Wnt2 weakened the proliferative, migratory and invasive capacities as well as reduced EMT process of HTR-8 cells. Moreover, Wnt2 overexpression could partially counteract the suppressive effects of miR-146a-5p overexpression on the progression and EMT of HTR-8 cells. CONCLUSION: miR-146a-5p mediates trophoblast cell proliferation and invasion through regulating Wnt2 expression.


Asunto(s)
Transición Epitelial-Mesenquimal , MicroARNs , Preeclampsia , Trofoblastos/citología , Movimiento Celular , Proliferación Celular , Femenino , Humanos , MicroARNs/genética , Placenta , Embarazo
7.
Planta ; 254(4): 72, 2021 Sep 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519918

RESUMEN

MAIN CONCLUSION: We have predicted miRNAs, their targets and lncRNAs from the genome of Brassica oleracea along with their functional annotation. Selected miRNAs and their targets are experimentally validated. Roles of these non-coding RNAs in post-transcriptional gene regulation are also deciphered. Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. Botrytis) is an important vegetable crop for its dietary and medicinal values with rich source of vitamins, dietary fibers, flavonoids and antioxidants. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), which regulate gene expression by inhibiting translation or by degrading messenger RNAs (mRNAs). On the other hand, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are responsible for the up regulation and the down regulation of transcription. Although the genome of cauliflower is reported, yet the roles of these ncRNAs in post-transcriptional gene regulation (PTGR) remain elusive. In this study, we have computationally predicted 355 miRNAs, of which 280 miRNAs are novel compared to miRBase 22.1. All the predicted miRNAs belong to 121 different families. We have also identified 934 targets of 125 miRNAs along with their functional annotation. These targets are further classified into biological processes, molecular functions and cellular components. Moreover, we have predicted 634 lncRNAs, of which 61 are targeted by 30 novel miRNAs. Randomly chosen 10 miRNAs and 10 lncRNAs are experimentally validated. Five miRNA targets including squamosa promoter-binding-like protein 9, homeobox-leucine zipper protein HDG12-like, NAC domain-containing protein 100, CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON 1 and kinesin-like protein NACK2 of four miRNAs including bol-miR156a, bol-miR162a, bol-miR164d and bol-miR2673 are also experimentally validated. We have built network models of interactions between miRNAs and their target mRNAs, as well as between miRNAs and lncRNAs. Our findings enhance the knowledge of non-coding genome of cauliflower and their roles in PTGR, and might play important roles in improving agronomic traits of this economically important crop.


Asunto(s)
Brassica , MicroARNs , ARN Largo no Codificante , Brassica/genética , Regulación de la Expresión Génica , MicroARNs/genética , ARN Largo no Codificante/genética , ARN Mensajero
8.
Talanta ; 235: 122727, 2021 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517595

RESUMEN

An end-modified 2'-O-methyl molecular beacon (eMB) with unique nuclease resistance was designed and prepared. The eMB can resist the enzymatic digestion by DNase I, which would otherwise occur upon the hybridization of the eMB with a complementary sequence. As a result, the coupling use of eMBs and DNase I allows highly sensitive detection of miRNA with a limit of detection (LOD) of 2.5 pM. The analytical strategy was further used for detection of tumor exosomal microRNA-21, and down to 0.86 µg mL-1 A375 exosomes were detected. Overall, the present method can effectively quantify tumor-derived exosomes for cancer diagnosis.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , Exosomas , MicroARNs , Neoplasias , Desoxirribonucleasa I , Exosomas/genética , Humanos , Límite de Detección , MicroARNs/genética , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/genética
9.
Talanta ; 235: 122728, 2021 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517596

RESUMEN

With the emergence of microRNA (miRNA) as a key player in early clinical disease diagnosis, development of rapidly sensitive and quantitative miRNA detection methods are imperative. Herein, a label-free SERS assay coupled with duplex-specific nuclease (DSN) signal amplification strategy was proposed for facilely ultrasensitive and quantitative analysis of miRNA-21. Firstly, magnetic beads assembled with excessive capture DNA were utilized to hybridize the target miRNA-21. These DNA-RNA heteroduplexes were cleaved by DSN to generate small nucleotide fragments into the supernatant and the miRNA-21 released and rehybridized another DNA, going to the next DSN cycle. Consequently, numerous of small nucleotide fragments of capture DNA were released from magnetic beads and the miRNA-21 signal was transferred and amplified by the SERS signals of total phosphate backbones which are abundant in nucleotide. Furthermore, iodide-modified Ag nanoparticles (AgINPs) was employed to generate a strong and reproducible SERS signal. The proposed method displayed excellent performance for miRNA-21 detection with the linear range from 0.33 fM to 3.3 pM, and a lower detection limit of 42 aM. Moreover, this strategy exhibited effectively base discrimination capability and was successfully applied for monitoring the expression levels of miRNA-21 in different cancer cell lines and human serum.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , Nanopartículas del Metal , MicroARNs , Oro , Humanos , Yoduros , Límite de Detección , MicroARNs/genética , Técnicas de Amplificación de Ácido Nucleico , Plata
10.
Talanta ; 235: 122735, 2021 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517602

RESUMEN

Accumulative evidences have indicated that abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is closely associated with many health disorders, making them be regarded as potentialbiomarkers for early clinical diagnosis. Therefore, it is extremely necessary to develop a highly sensitive, specific and reliable approach for miRNA analysis. Catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) signal amplification is an enzyme-free toehold-mediated strand displacement method, exhibiting significant potential in improving the sensitivity of miRNA detection strategies. In this review, we first describe the potential of miRNAs as disease biomarkers and therapeutics, and summarize the latest advances in CHA signal amplification-based sensing strategies for miRNA monitoring. We describe the characteristics and mechanism of CHA signal amplification and classify the CHA-based miRNA sensing strategies into several categories based on the "signal conversion substance", including fluorophores, enzymes, nanomaterials, and nucleotide sequences. Sensing performance, limit of detection, merits and disadvantages of these miRNA sensing strategies are discussed. Moreover, the current challenges and prospects are also presented.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , MicroARNs , Nanoestructuras , Catálisis , Colorantes Fluorescentes , Límite de Detección , MicroARNs/genética , Técnicas de Amplificación de Ácido Nucleico
11.
Talanta ; 235: 122763, 2021 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517624

RESUMEN

The disease diagnosis by detecting single microRNAs (miRNAs) can produce high false positive rate. Herein, a novel fluorescence biosensor method for one-step simultaneous detection of multiple miRNAs was proposed by using single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) functionalized double quantum dots (QDs) and black hole quencher (BHQ)-decorated magnetic nanobeads (MNs). MNs were linked with two black hole quenchers (BHQ1 and BHQ3) via a complementary DNA (cDNA). The ssDNA/cDNA hybridization contributed to the fluorescence quenching of double QDs due to the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between double QDs and BHQ. In the presence of target miRNA-33 (miR-33) and miRNA-125b (miR-125b), the ssDNA1 and ssDNA2 were respectively hybridized with miR-33 and miR-125b to form more stable duplexes. Thus, the double QDs were released into supernatant after the magnetic separation, leading to the fluorescence signals recovery at 537 nm and 647 nm. A wide linear range (0.5 nM-320 nM for miR-33 and 0.1 nM-250 nM for miR-125b) and low limits of detection (0.09 nM for miR-33 and 0.02 nM for miR-125b) were achieved. Moreover, our approach has been demonstrated to simultaneously detect miR-33 and miR-125b in cell extracts. With advantages of high sensitivity, strong specificity, low background and low cost, the strategies show great potentials for the detection of various targets in bioanalysis and disease diagnosis.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , MicroARNs , Puntos Cuánticos , ADN de Cadena Simple/genética , Transferencia Resonante de Energía de Fluorescencia , MicroARNs/genética , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico
12.
Talanta ; 235: 122802, 2021 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517660

RESUMEN

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are physiological status-related molecules which can be used as biomarkers for diseases, such as cancers. The point-of-care testing (POCT) of miRNAs has great application potential in early diagnosis and process monitoring of diseases. In this paper, a fast and dual signal outputs detection for microRNA-21 (miRNA-21) was established by using both personal glucose meter (PGM) and fluorescence spectrometer. In such an assay protocol, a dual-functional hairpin structure was rationally designed to recognize miRNA-21 and serve as the carrier of the reporter adenosine monophosphate (AMP). The hairpin structure can be specifically degraded by exonuclease T (Exo T) after hybridization with the target miRNA-21, releasing a large amount of AMP as the reporter. Then a smart signal conversion machinery composed of four enzymes and the corresponding substrates was employed to produce dual output signals through enzymatic cascade reactions. The machinery includes two parts: an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) generation system and a glucose consumption/NADPH production system. The produced AMP in the former step triggers the production of ATP, and subsequently the consumption of glucose and the production of NADPH. The changes of both glucose and NADPH are proportional to the concentration of miRNA-21, and can be determined by PGM and fluorescence spectrometer, respectively. Besides, the build-in substrate-recycling mechanism achieves signal amplification of the cascade enzymatic reactions. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the PGM signal is linearly correlated with the concentration of miRNA-21 in the range from 5 to 150 nM, with the limit of detection (LOD) of 3.65 nM. The LOD of fluorescence detection mode is even lowered to 0.03 nM. The miRNA-21-spiked serum samples, as well as the actual serum samples from cancer patients, have been successfully detected by this detection strategy. Thus the established assay provides a POCT solution for cancer diagnosis and prognosis.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , MicroARNs , Humanos , Límite de Detección , MicroARNs/genética , Técnicas de Amplificación de Ácido Nucleico , Hibridación de Ácido Nucleico
13.
Talanta ; 235: 122810, 2021 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517667

RESUMEN

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are currently recognized as novel biomarkers for cancer early diagnosis, therapy selection, and progression monitoring. Herein, we developed an ultrasensitive and label-free homogeneous colorimetric strategy for miRNA detection based on engineering entropy-driven amplification (EDA) coupled with nicking enzyme-assisted AuNP aggregation. In our design, the target miRNA could specifically trigger the EDA recycling process. One of the EDA products could open the hairpin probe and form a dual strand containing a nicking endonuclease (Nb.BbvCl) cleavage region. After adding nicking endonuclease in the sensing solution, the product DNA fragments could act as two linkers, inducing the aggregation of ssDNA-modified AuNPs. Simultaneously, the liberating complementary strands continued to cyclic hybridization with the hairpin probe. This multiple signal amplification colorimetric strategy showed a wide linear range from 10 fM to 100 pM with a much lower detection limit of 3.13 fM for miRNA let-7a, which also performed well in a complex sample matrix. Most importantly, the naked eye could clearly distinguish the 10 fM color change caused by let-7a to be measured. Moreover, this approach could easily extend to multiple miRNAs with target-specific sequence substitutions. Therefore, this ultrasensitive visual strategy for miRNA demonstrated attractive potentials for promising applications in clinical diagnosis.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , Nanopartículas del Metal , MicroARNs , Entropía , Oro , Límite de Detección , MicroARNs/genética , Técnicas de Amplificación de Ácido Nucleico
14.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112258, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474818

RESUMEN

A novel polyelectrolyte nanocarrier was synthesized via layer-by-layer self-assembly of polycationic and polyanionic chains. The nanocarrier is composed of polyglutamate grafted chitosan core, dextran sulfate as a complexing agent, and polyethyleneimine shell decorated with folic acid. This polyelectrolyte complex has unique physicochemical properties so that the core is considered as an efficient carrier for LTX-315 and melittin peptides, and the shell is suitable for delivery of miR-34a. The spherical nanocarriers with an average size of 123 ± 5 nm and a zeta potential of -36 ± 1 mV demonstrated controlled-release of gene and peptides ensured a synergistic effect in establishing multiple cell death pathways on chemoresistance human breast adenocarcinoma cell line, MDA-MB-231. In vitro cell viability assays also revealed no cytotoxicity for the nanocarriers, and an IC50 of 15 µg/mL and 150 µg/mL for melittin and LTX-315, respectively, after 48 h, whereas co-delivery of melittin with miR-34a increased smart death induction by 54%.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Quitosano , MicroARNs/administración & dosificación , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Muerte Celular , Línea Celular Tumoral , Femenino , Humanos , Meliteno/farmacología , MicroARNs/genética , Oligopéptidos , Polielectrolitos
15.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112305, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474856

RESUMEN

In spite of established evidence of the synergistic combination of hydrophobic anticancer molecule and microRNA for breast cancer treatment, their in vivo delivery has not been realized owing to their instability in the biological milieu and varied physicochemical properties. The present work reports folate targeted hybrid lipo-polymeric nanoplexes for co-delivering DTX and miR-34a. These nanoplexes exhibited a mean size of 129.3 nm with complexation efficiency at an 8:1 N/P ratio. The obtained nanoplexes demonstrated higher entrapment efficiency of DTX (94.8%) with a sustained release profile up to 85% till 48 h. Further, an improved transfection efficiency in MDA-MB-231 and 4T1 breast cancer cells was observed with uptake primarily through lipid-raft and clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Further, nanoplexes showed improved cytotoxicity (~3.5-5 folds), apoptosis (~1.6-2.0 folds), and change in expression of apoptotic genes (~4-7 folds) compared to the free treatment group in breast cancer cells. In vivo systemic administration of FA-functionalized DTX and FAM-siRNA-loaded nanoplexes showed an improved area under the curve (AUC) as well as circulation half-life compared to free DTX and naked FAM-labelled siRNA. Acute toxicity studies of the cationic polymer showed no toxicity at a dose equivalent to 10 mg/kg based on the hematological, biochemical, and histopathological examination.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias de la Mama , MicroARNs/administración & dosificación , Nanopartículas , Antineoplásicos/farmacología , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias de la Mama/genética , Línea Celular Tumoral , Docetaxel/farmacología , Portadores de Fármacos/uso terapéutico , Femenino , Ácido Fólico , Humanos , MicroARNs/genética , Polímeros/uso terapéutico
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502105

RESUMEN

The human brain and central nervous system (CNS) harbor a select sub-group of potentially pathogenic microRNAs (miRNAs), including a well-characterized NF-kB-sensitive Homo sapiens microRNA hsa-miRNA-146a-5p (miRNA-146a). miRNA-146a is significantly over-expressed in progressive and often lethal viral- and prion-mediated and related neurological syndromes associated with progressive inflammatory neurodegeneration. These include ~18 different viral-induced encephalopathies for which data are available, at least ~10 known prion diseases (PrD) of animals and humans, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other sporadic and progressive age-related neurological disorders. Despite the apparent lack of nucleic acids in prions, both DNA- and RNA-containing viruses along with prions significantly induce miRNA-146a in the infected host, but whether this represents part of the host's adaptive immunity, innate-immune response or a mechanism to enable the invading prion or virus a successful infection is not well understood. Current findings suggest an early and highly interactive role for miRNA-146a: (i) as a major small noncoding RNA (sncRNA) regulator of innate-immune responses and inflammatory signaling in cells of the human brain and CNS; (ii) as a critical component of the complement system and immune-related neurological dysfunction; (iii) as an inducible sncRNA of the brain and CNS that lies at a critical intersection of several important neurobiological adaptive immune response processes with highly interactive associations involving complement factor H (CFH), Toll-like receptor pathways, the innate-immunity, cytokine production, apoptosis and neural cell decline; and (iv) as a potential biomarker for viral infection, TSE and AD and other neurological diseases in both animals and humans. In this report, we review the recent data supporting the idea that miRNA-146a may represent a novel and unique sncRNA-based biomarker for inflammatory neurodegeneration in multiple species. This paper further reviews the current state of knowledge regarding the nature and mechanism of miRNA-146a in viral and prion infection of the human brain and CNS with reference to AD wherever possible.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo/patología , Enfermedades Virales del Sistema Nervioso Central/inmunología , Regulación de la Expresión Génica/inmunología , MicroARNs/metabolismo , Enfermedades por Prión/inmunología , Apoptosis/genética , Apoptosis/inmunología , Biomarcadores/análisis , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Encéfalo/inmunología , Encéfalo/virología , Enfermedades Virales del Sistema Nervioso Central/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Virales del Sistema Nervioso Central/genética , Enfermedades Virales del Sistema Nervioso Central/virología , Factor H de Complemento/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroARNs/análisis , MicroARNs/genética , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Enfermedades por Prión/diagnóstico , Enfermedades por Prión/genética , Enfermedades por Prión/patología , Transducción de Señal/genética , Transducción de Señal/inmunología , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
17.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4185-4202, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475038

RESUMEN

Gastric cancer is one of the leading types of cancer with an annual death toll of 700,000 worldwide. Despite the fact that several agents are approved for its treatment, high percentage of recurrence and intractability of metastatic disease remain a major problem. The identification of new targets and modalities for treatment are therefore of high priority. We have searched the literature for microRNAs down-regulated in gastric cancer with efficacy in gastric cancer-related murine xenograft models after reconstitution therapy. Among the identified miRs were 25 miRs targeting transcription factors, seven of them regulating cell-cycle and apotosis-related targets, and five of them regulating GTPase-related targets such as GAPs and GEFs. According to criteria such as prognostic impact, functional data, and tractability, miR-133 b/a (MCL1) and miR-518 (MDM2) are suggested as potentially valuable targets for further evaluation and possible treatment of gastric cancer.


Asunto(s)
Regulación hacia Abajo , MicroARNs/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Antineoplásicos/farmacología , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica/efectos de los fármacos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Terapia Molecular Dirigida , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamiento farmacológico
18.
Nanoscale ; 13(33): 14166-14178, 2021 Sep 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477698

RESUMEN

Ischemic stroke is caused by a reduction in blood flow to the brain due to narrowed cerebral arteries. Thrombolytic agents have been used to induce reperfusion of occluded cerebral arteries. However, brain damage continues to progress after reperfusion and induces ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is overexpressed in hypoxic cells of the ischemic brain. In this study, an exosome linked to RAGE-binding-peptide (RBP-Exo) was developed as a hypoxia-specific carrier for nose-to-brain delivery of anti-microRNA oligonucleotide (AMO). The RBP-Exos were less than 50 nm in size and had negative surface charge. In vitro studies showed that RBP-Exos delivered AMO181a to Neuro2A cells more efficiently than unmodified exosomes (Unmod-Exos). In addition, RAGE was downregulated by RBP-Exos, suggesting that the RBP moiety of the RBP-Exos reduced the RAGE-mediated signal pathway. MicroRNA-181a (miR-181a) is one of the upregulated miRNAs in the ischemic brain and its downregulation can reduce the damage to the ischemic brain. Cholesterol-modified AMO181a (AMO181a-chol) was loaded onto the RBP-Exo by hydrophobic interaction. The AMO181a-chol-loaded RBP-Exo (RBP-Exo/AMO181a-chol) was administered intranasally to a rat middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model. MiR-181a was knocked down and Bcl-2 was upregulated by intranasal delivery of RBP-Exo/AMO181a-chol. In addition, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expression and apoptosis were reduced by RBP-Exo/AMO181a-chol. As a result, RBP-Exo/AMO181a-chol significantly suppressed infarct size compared with the controls. In conclusion, RBP-Exo was a hypoxia-specific carrier for nose-to-brain delivery of AMO181a-chol in an ischemic stroke model. Furthermore, the combined effects of RBP and AMO181a-chol exerted neuroprotective effects in the ischemic brain.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Encefálica , Exosomas , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , MicroARNs , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Animales , Antagomirs , Encéfalo , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamiento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Hipoxia , MicroARNs/genética , Oligonucleótidos , Ratas , Receptor para Productos Finales de Glicación Avanzada/genética , Accidente Cerebrovascular/tratamiento farmacológico
19.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1178: 338800, 2021 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482860

RESUMEN

Accurate quantification of multiple miRNAs biomarkers in body fluid is still a challenge for early screening of cancer. Herein, by catalytic hairpin assembly as a signal amplification strategy, we designed a novel surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-lateral flow assay (LFA) strip for ultrasensitive detection of miR-21 and miR-196a-5p in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) urine on a single test (T) line. 4-mercaptobenzoic acid or 5,5'-dithiobis-2-nitrobenzoic acid as Raman molecules was labeled and two hairpin DNA sequence was modified gold nanocages (GNCs) were designed as two SERS tags. Through target miRNA-triggered catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA), the double-stranded DNAs (H1-H2 complex) formed by SERS tags and the related hairpin-structured DNA sequence 2 (H2) were immobilized on a single T line of SERS-LFA strip. This generated abundant "hot spots" because of the formation of numerous H1-H2 complex thus facilitated the SERS measurement. Through this method, two kinds of miRNAs were analyzed, resulting in limits of detection of 2.08 pM and 3.31 pM for miR-21 in PBS buffer and human urine, 1.77 pM and 2.18 pM for miR-196a-5p in PBS buffer and human urine. Significantly, the SERS-LFA strip exhibited high specificity and good repeatability toward miRNAs. The whole detection time was only 30 min, which means that the high detection efficiency of the strip. The clinical feasibility of the proposed method was also evaluated by detecting the levels of miR-21 and miR-196a-5p in urine samples from NSCLC patients and healthy subjects. The developed SERS-LFA strip has wide application prospect in biomedical research, drug development and early clinical diagnosis.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nanopartículas del Metal , MicroARNs , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/genética , Oro , Humanos , Límite de Detección , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroARNs/genética , Espectrometría Raman
20.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 262, 2021 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470640

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between miRNA-216b expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake by PET/CT and to explore the clinical application value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in miRNA-216b based on therapy for NSCLC. METHODS: Eighty patients with NSCLC and 40 healthy subjects were enrolled in our study. The SUVmax of the lesion area by PET/CT imaging was calculated. SUVmax represented the highest concentration of 18F-FDG in the lesion. The expression of miRNA-216b in the plasma and fiber bronchoscopic puncture of NSCLC patients was detected by RT qPCR. Then Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between miRNA-216b expression and 18F-FDG uptake in patients with different types of NSCLC. RESULTS: Compared with healthy subjects, SUVmax of early adenocarcinoma and advanced adenocarcinoma were increased. Compared with healthy subjects, SUVmax of early squamous and advanced squamous were increased. And the SUVmax content of advanced adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma was higher than that of early adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Compared with healthy subjects, the expression of miRNA-216b in the plasma of patients with early and advanced adenocarcinoma was reduced, and the expression of miRNA-216b in the plasma of patients with early and advanced squamous cell carcinoma was reduced. Compared with adjacent tissues, the expression of miRNA-216b in early adenocarcinoma tissues and advanced adenocarcinoma tissues was reduced, and the expression in early squamous cell carcinoma and advanced squamous cell carcinoma was reduced. Pearson correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between SUVmax and miRNA-216b (plasma and tissue) in patients with four types of NSCLC. CONCLUSION: miRNA-216b expression was negatively correlated with 18F-FDG uptake in NSCLC. miRNA-216b could be used for the classification and staging of non-small cell lung cancer. 18F-FDG PET/CT may be used to evaluate the therapeutic response in application of miRNA-216b-based cancer treatment.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas , Fluorodesoxiglucosa F18/farmacocinética , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroARNs , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/diagnóstico por imagen , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroARNs/genética , Tomografía Computarizada por Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones , Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones , Pronóstico , Radiofármacos
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