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1.
Environ Technol ; 41(5): 658-668, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30074861

RESUMEN

Monolayers of N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane have been established on magnetite nanoparticles to develop a novel magnetic adsorbent for fast decontamination of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from water. Results indicated that monolayer adsorption of the silane from water took place at low concentrations (<300 mg/L) and around 100% surface coverage was obtained at temperatures ≥90°C. The hydrolysed silane was anchored to the magnetite surface through condensation reactions between its silanol groups and the surface hydroxyl groups of magnetite. The functional amine groups were protonated by acid treatment for adsorbing Cr(VI). The monolayer of the silane on magnetite (MSM) with approximately 100% surface coverage showed extremely rapid adsorption kinetics for Cr(VI), such that the process was complete within 1 min. This enables the treatment of large amounts of sewage per unit time. The adsorption capacity for Cr(VI) was 8.0 mg/g, as estimated from the Langmuir isotherm model. The saturation magnetization of the MSM reached 64.16 emu/g, allowing easy magnetic recovery from water. In the presence of up to 50-fold molar excesses of chloride and nitrate anions, little effect on Cr(VI) removal was seen, but moderate and large impacts were observed with sulphate and hydroxyl anions, respectively. Desorption of adsorbed Cr(VI) and regeneration of the MSM were successfully achieved by NaOH and HCl treatments to deprotonate and protonate the amine groups, respectively. By selecting a silane with suitable functional groups, the surface properties may be tailored for a particular pollutant.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Compuestos de Organosilicio , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Purificación del Agua , Adsorción , Cromo , Homosexualidad Masculina , Humanos , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Cinética , Masculino , Agua
2.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 325-334, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372374

RESUMEN

This article explores the development of LGBTQ studies and scholarship in Bulgaria. In part, it brings to the forefront the personal experiences of some of the first Bulgarian scholars working on LGBTQ studies. The personal is interpreted in part through explorations of Bourdieu's concept of "symbolic violence." Elaborating on the challenges regarding the emergence and the development of LGBTQ studies on an institutional and personal level, I discuss three main topics: (1) the emergence and the development of LGBTQ scholarship and university courses in Bulgaria; (2) the main institutional obstacles and the "symbolic violence" within the academia against scholars dealing with LGBTQ subjects, including issues of funding, evaluation, and discrimination; and (3) the future development of the subject in Bulgaria, with a particular attention to the need for "LGBTQ studies solidarity" to overcome the disadvantaged position of LGBTQ scholars in post-socialist countries.


Asunto(s)
Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Bulgaria , Educación/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Investigación/tendencias , Comunicación Académica , Socialismo , Universidades , Violencia
3.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 346-366, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372381

RESUMEN

Intuitively distinguishing the myriad of critically informed paradigms requires an in-depth analysis of genealogies, histories, and philosophical underpinnings grounding each paradigm. Despite significant parallels between queer theory and intersectionality theory, the distinction of these two paradigms acts in both complicated and complementary manners that necessitate a dialogue on the contributions emanating from both paradigms to LGBTQ studies. This article targets the following goals: (1) explicate genealogy, history, and philosophical tenets of intersectionality and queer theory; (2) dialogue about the complementary yet complex relationships between the two paradigms; and (3) illustrate the promise of the complex relationship and distinction for LGBTQ studies.


Asunto(s)
Homosexualidad , Teoría Psicológica , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Educación , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Homosexualidad/historia , Homosexualidad/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/historia
4.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 417-434, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372382

RESUMEN

Our article tackles gender and sexual diversity scholarship in Colombia and Perú, two countries without institutionalized LGBT studies programs. By analyzing the impact of literary works in Perú and an annual conference in Colombia's capital, we show how LGBT-related scholarship (and activism) has been advanced in these Andean countries with tactful maneuvering, as they offset contemporary violence-and a strong religious influence. Our comparison allows us to showcase two of the most common ways through which these countries have engaged in LGBT research and activism. This region-centered, dual-country approach underscores the broader need of researching and documenting these efforts.


Asunto(s)
Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Colombia , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Perú , Investigación
5.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 206-222, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407889

RESUMEN

This qualitative study explores identity formation in LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents, and how reading, writing, and listening to poetry shapes Singaporean adolescents' social identities as queer people. Analyzing in-depth interviews with nine LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents, four themes were found: (1) LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents interested in poetry believe that reading, writing, and/or listening to poetry has been an integral part of constructing their queer identities; (2) the poems that have impacted LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents' queer identities the most have been informed by queer sociocultural values; (3) poetry provides validation to LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents that their identities are real and that others before them have experienced the same challenges they are going through; and (4) poetry serves as a third space for LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents to safely construct their growing queer identities. Implications for teachers, counselors, and adult supporters of queer Singaporean adolescents are discussed, and recommendations for future research are provided.


Asunto(s)
Poesía como Asunto , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Identificación Social , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Investigación Cualitativa , Adulto Joven
6.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 159-173, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403564

RESUMEN

Studies of adults who experienced sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE) have documented a range of health risks. To date, there is little research on SOCE among adolescents and no known studies of parents' role related to SOCE with adolescents. In a cross-sectional study of 245 LGBT White and Latino young adults (ages 21-25), we measured parent-initiated SOCE during adolescence and its relationship to mental health and adjustment in young adulthood. Measures include being sent to therapists and religious leaders for conversion interventions as well as parental/caregiver efforts to change their child's sexual orientation during adolescence. Attempts by parents/caregivers and being sent to therapists and religious leaders for conversion interventions were associated with depression, suicidal thoughts, suicidal attempts, less educational attainment, and less weekly income. Associations between SOCE, health, and adjustment were much stronger and more frequent for those reporting both attempts by parents and being sent to therapists and religious leaders, underscoring the need for parental education and guidance.


Asunto(s)
Homosexualidad/psicología , Padres , Conducta Sexual/psicología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/psicología , Relaciones Familiares , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Padres/psicología , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Ideación Suicida , Intento de Suicidio , Adulto Joven
7.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 398-416, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403565

RESUMEN

This study asks, What are the material conditions under which queer studies is done in the academy? It finds a longstanding association of queer studies with the well-resourced, selective colleges and flagship campuses that are the drivers of class and race stratification in higher education in the U.S. That is, the field of queer studies, as a recognizable academic formation, has been structured by the material and intellectual resources of precisely those institutions that most steadfastly refuse to adequately serve poor and minority students, including poor and minority queer students. In response, "poor queer studies" calls for a critical reorientation of queer studies toward working-poor schools, students, theories, and pedagogies. Taking the College of Staten Island, CUNY as a case study, it argues for structural crossing over or "queer-class ferrying" between high-status institutions that have so brilliantly dominated queer studies' history and low-status worksites of poor queer studies.


Asunto(s)
Identidad de Género , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Grupos de Población Continentales , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Clase Social , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades
8.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 244-264, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403568

RESUMEN

Sexual orientation has been linked to certain health conditions, and yet quantifying sexual orientation in longitudinal studies is challenging. This study examined different methods of accounting for sexual orientation in a cohort study of 300 homeless and unstably housed women followed every 6 months over 3 years. Altogether, 39.7% (n = 119) could be considered sexual minority at one or more time points based on identity and/or behavior; 16.3% (n = 49) reported shifts in sexual identity. Only 24.0% (n = 72) were identified as sexual minority through a single measure of sexual identity, 27.0% (n = 81) were identified with a single measure of identity and behavior, 33.0% (n = 99) were identified through annual measures of identity and behavior, and 22.0%-22.3% (n = 66-67) were identified through latent class analysis including all identity/behavior measures. This study found that sexual fluidity is common in unstably housed women, and many sexual minority women would be missed in longitudinal studies with different methods of accounting for sexual orientation.


Asunto(s)
Personas sin Hogar , Conducta Sexual , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Minorías Sexuales y de Género
9.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 223-243, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403570

RESUMEN

This qualitative study explores the social lives of older gay men. In-depth interviews were conducted with 10 gay men over the age of 65 to elicit details about their relationships with other people. Findings paint a complex picture of older gay social life that is compounded by significant events affecting gay men from a particular socio-historical period. Three overarching themes emerged that capture the social lives of the participants: (1) coming of age as a gay man in the 20th century; (2) dealing with the aging body; and (3) enduring loss and the consequent impact on social life. The participants reported that being in a gay environment and closing the gay generational divide helped them adjust to their changing social lives in later life. This study adds to the ongoing discussion about the experiences of older gay men and makes suggestions for future research and practice considerations.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento/psicología , Homosexualidad Masculina/psicología , Anciano , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Investigación Cualitativa , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Condiciones Sociales
10.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 384-397, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346871

RESUMEN

This essay maps the epistemological terrain trans* studies may face as it is widely incorporated into queer studies programs, often housed within women's studies departments. Over the past two decades, queer studies and women's studies have rapidly professionalized, producing new modes of disciplinary power that may seek to either include or cite trans* studies, often without fully welcoming its specific material and political investments. Under such conditions, trans* studies may find itself heard largely as a but-an epistemic blockage, a distraction from proper objects, a hindrance to customary methods-that must be disciplined.


Asunto(s)
Investigación , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Transexualismo , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Masculino , Mujeres
11.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 174-188, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346908

RESUMEN

The film ratings system employed by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) has been criticized by LGBTQ critics who claim the system discriminates by holding queer content to a higher ratings standard than content in other films. The MPAA argues the constituency for its ratings system is parents in traditional families who may find queer themes inappropriate for their children. Paradoxically, a number of organizations serving adolescents identifying as LGBTQ or as questioning their sexualities have created lists of recommended films, many of whose MPAA ratings make them virtually off-limits to teens unless their parents approve. Cyberspace is also populated with lists of films recommended for teens regardless of their sexuality and gender identity. This article compares ratings distributions for lists of films recommended for queer teens and those recommended for mainstream teens and finds evidence of negative impact on access by queer teens to potentially helpful film content.


Asunto(s)
Películas Cinematográficas/normas , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Masculino , Control Social Formal , Estados Unidos
12.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 335-345, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335581

RESUMEN

This article reflects on the author's own experience of promoting LGBTQ research and teaching in mainland China, where the fight for institutional legitimacy and recognition has been a core element in this journey. After a historical survey of how Chinese LGBTQ research has grown out of the particular sociopolitical milieu, it focuses on a discussion of the "normalization project"-a key approach to both create and expand the institutional space for LGBTQ studies. Apart from the positive effects this project entails, this article also critically examines its limitations by bringing into the picture certain critical perspectives.


Asunto(s)
Investigación/tendencias , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Enseñanza/tendencias , China , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Normas Sociales
13.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 285-293, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335582

RESUMEN

This article serves as the introduction to "25 Years On: The State and Continuing Development of LGBTQ Studies Programs." It begins by placing the current issue in a commemorative context: marking the anniversary of a 1993 special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality dedicated to the emergence of "Gay and Lesbian Studies" and edited by Howard L. Minton. The introduction continues by providing an overview of early phases of academic transformations, primarily in the United States, with notes on particular legacies. This is followed by a brief survey of scholarship published since 1993 that pays particular attention to curricular and pedagogical concerns. It concludes by identifying themes articulated by the essays selected for this issue as well as commentary on their individual, yet richly interrelated, contributions.


Asunto(s)
Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Investigación Biomédica/historia , Investigación Biomédica/tendencias , Educación/tendencias , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/historia , Estados Unidos
14.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 305-314, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335583

RESUMEN

Increasingly popular in the neoliberal university, community-engaged service-learning (CESL) courses offer rich yet contradictory opportunities for LGBTQ studies students to synthesize queer critiques of community and identity with experiences in LGBTQ communities. Much CESL scholarship has focused on the tensions between benefits to community and to students, prioritizing either radical social change or student satisfaction. Beside such debates, I propose the queer ethical, pedagogical, and political value of disappointment in the tedium and contradictions of community itself. Such queer disappointment, I contend, might enable students to cultivate the emotional and critical capacities to engage in community work on sustainable, dedramatized, and unentitled terms.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Homosexualidad/psicología , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Masculino , Características de la Residencia , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Cambio Social
15.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 367-383, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335589

RESUMEN

This essay examines the intersection of queerness and social class as it impinges on the field of LGBTQ+ studies. Specifically, it considers some of the disciplinary aims of queer critique in relation to the challenges facing first-generation queer scholars; in so doing, it suggests how forms of difference operate in relation to the personal over time. As a discipline committed to intersectional frameworks, LGBTQ+ studies (and its ongoing evolution) might thus usefully foreground overlapping understandings of outsiderness: namely, how queerness might be experienced as a form of class, and how class might be experienced as a form of queerness.


Asunto(s)
Homosexualidad , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Clase Social , Escolaridad , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Investigación
16.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 315-324, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335590

RESUMEN

This think piece provides a critical analysis of the terms lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) from an international perspective that draws on citizenship studies, providing some indications of the implications for LGBTQ studies. It outlines difficulties with the LGBTQ acronym in the Global North and South. Internationally, scholarship to support the human rights of non-heterosexuals and gender-diverse people is badly needed, but the think piece concludes that it is crucial to consider the social context of different cases, and to address the materialist, cultural, neo-colonial, and other forces that affect the formation of non-heterosexual and gender-diverse identities.


Asunto(s)
Identidad de Género , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Variación Biológica Poblacional , Bisexualidad , Diversidad Cultural , Femenino , Homosexualidad , Humanos , Masculino , Personas Transgénero
17.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 294-304, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335600

RESUMEN

Drawing on my experience as a queer, genderqueer, Puerto Rican counselor educator, this article considers how LGBTQAI+ studies and academia can expand to better include people with multiple marginalized identities. This article highlights some of the contradictions that educators face when engaging in the liberatory praxis that connects and creates a sense of belonging during these tumultuous times. This reflection suggests a decolonizing approach to intersectionality and highlights the importance of transcending binary discourse to engage in deconstructing the multiple layers of colonization in our internal and external spaces that is necessary for liberatory praxis. Finally, a few recommendations for how LGBTQAI+ studies and academia can support scholars with multiple marginalized identities are identified.


Asunto(s)
Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Distancia Social , Éxito Académico , Grupos Étnicos , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Homosexualidad/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Apoyo Social , Enseñanza , Escritura
18.
J Homosex ; 67(1): 79-103, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307800

RESUMEN

Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men (BMSM) have been the subject of much research focused on health disparities in HIV occurrence, stigma, and mental health. Although such research is important, fewer studies focus on other equally salient areas of their lives such as spirituality, religious practices, and social support. Informed by literature on social support, this research endeavors to better understand these dynamics for a group of young BMSM who reside in a metropolitan city in Tennessee. Focus group results and content analysis uncover themes related to religion and resilience; queering Christianity; and virtual spirituality. Participants expressed an overarching need for support, safe spaces, genuine relationships, and godly instruction, conveyed through traditional Black Church involvement and nontraditional Internet usage. Findings are important for strategic, proactive, cross-generational collaboration with young BMSM to holistically meet their varied needs.


Asunto(s)
Afroamericanos/psicología , Homosexualidad Masculina/psicología , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Espiritualidad , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupos Focales , Infecciones por VIH/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Estigma Social , Tennessee , Adulto Joven
19.
J Homosex ; 67(1): 104-126, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307803

RESUMEN

Malay-Muslim men who have sex with men (MSM) are marginalized and hidden in Malaysia, a predominantly Muslim country in southeast Asia. We explored the policy, network, community, and individual factors related to HIV infection among Malay-Muslim MSM through 26 in-depth interviews and one focus group discussion (n = 5) conducted in Kuala Lumpur and Kota Bharu between October 2013 and January 2014. As religion plays an important role in their lives, participants viewed homosexuality as a sin. Low risk perception and misconceptions about HIV/AIDS were common, and most participants expressed reluctance to consult a doctor unless they had symptoms. Additionally, buying condoms was embarrassing and anxiety-producing. Fear of discrimination by health care providers and community hindered participants from disclosing sexual behaviors and accessing health services. Homophobic comments and policies by the government and religious leaders were concerns of participants. A safe and enabling environment is needed to reduce HIV risks among Malay-Muslim MSM.


Asunto(s)
Revelación , Infecciones por VIH/psicología , Homofobia , Homosexualidad Masculina , Islamismo , Religión y Sexo , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Adulto , Redes Comunitarias , Condones , Grupos Focales , Personal de Salud , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Malasia , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo
20.
J Homosex ; 67(1): 127-157, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307839

RESUMEN

A profound shift has occurred in the last decade in mainstream commercial gay pornography from condoms to "bareback" (condomless) depictions of anal sex between men. This article explores gay porn's "bareback momentum" as demonstrated by the displacement of condoms in the 10 most visited gay porn Web sites (that have operated for 10 years or more). While all 10 began by releasing condom pornography, the study finds all except one (Falcon) have since gone bareback-represented visually as a timeline. The sites analyzed are, in order of popularity: Sean Cody, Helix Studios, Lucas Entertainment, Corbin Fisher, Bel Ami, Next Door Studios, Randy Blue, Falcon Studios, Cocky Boys, and Chaos Men. Textual analysis reads each site's transition individually, yet connections between the sites are the article's central concern, from which an emphasis on couples and break-up narratives is revealed. Falcon's commitment to retain the condom is attributed to its brand identity.


Asunto(s)
Condones , Literatura Erótica , Homosexualidad Masculina , Conducta Sexual , Adulto , Infecciones por VIH , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género
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