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2.
Psicol. educ. (Madr.) ; 27(1): 21-25, ene. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-199706

RESUMEN

From a neuroconstructivist point of view and a developmental model of high intellectual abilities (HIA), the aim of this study is to understand the world perception of high intellectual children, which results from their cognitive complexity and other traits such as their high context sensitivity. An intentional sample of N = 80 boys and girls, of which a group of n = 40 children with HIA (n = 40), aged 7, 9, and 11 years old has been studied and compared with a paired control group of n = 40 students with typical intelligence. BADyG and TCTT tests were administered to determine their intellectual profiles multidimensionally. They were also given the Autobiography Questionnaire Form U in order to capture their world perception. The multivariate analysis of variance (GLM) shows an earlier and more advanced world perception among HIA participants, with higher fluency and abstraction in perceiving problems and solutions compared to subjects with typical intelligence. The coefficient of generalizability is high (.822). The conclusions suggest the relevance to design educational programs for an ethical guide of moral sensitivity differentially wide and early in HIA students


Desde un modelo neuroconstructivista de desarrollo de la alta capacidad intelectual (ACI) estudia la percepción del mundo de escolares con HIA, resultante de su complejidad cognitiva y gran sensibilidad hacia el entorno. La muestra intencional es de N = 80, un grupo de niños y niñas con HIA (n = 40) de 7, 9 y 11 años y otro grupo control apareado con inteligencia típica (n = 40). Extraídos los perfiles intelectuales multidimensionales mediante los tests BADyG y TTCT, se mide la conciencia del mundo mediante el Cuestionario Autobiográfico Forma U. Se valida el instrumento, se categorizan respuestas y se controla la calidad de los datos. El análisis de varianza multivariado (GLM) presenta diferencias estadísticamente significativas intragrupo e intergrupo, mostrando una avanzada conciencia social entre escolares con HIA con mayor fluidez y abstracción en percibir problemas y soluciones que los sujetos con inteligencia típica. El coeficiente de generalizabilidad es alto (.822). Se concluye que es importante diseñar programas educativos que guíen éticamente la temprana y diferencial sensibilidad moral de los aprendices con HIA


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Niño Superdotado/psicología , Inteligencia/fisiología , Percepción/fisiología , Estudiantes/psicología , Cosmovisión , Pruebas de Inteligencia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Factores de Edad , Moral
3.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) ; 82(1): 1-3, 2021 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512291

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated unprecedented changes to the functioning of hospitals across the world. This article evaluates the acute impact of COVID-19 on the provision of symptomatic breast services in the UK and explores suggestions for more sustainable functioning of services in the post-COVID-19 era.


Asunto(s)
Instituciones de Atención Ambulatoria/organización & administración , Neoplasias de la Mama/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Pandemias , Comunicación , Femenino , Marcadores Fiduciales , Humanos , Control de Infecciones , Mamografía , Moral , Grupo de Atención al Paciente , Consulta Remota , Reino Unido
4.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 92: 104275, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032185

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: As the group of very old persons will form an increasing part of society, the study of how well-being is described and affected by specific factors will be of importance to meet the future needs of these persons. The aim of the study was to increase knowledge of well-being in very old persons by combining assessments and perceptions using the Philadelphia Geriatric Morale Scale (PGCMS). METHOD: In a mixed method, convergent parallel design, 52 persons 80 years or older were assessed and interviewed using the PGCMS to combine assessment of morale and descriptions of perceptions of well-being using a mixed method approach. RESULTS: Quantitative and qualitative results converged in four areas: not feeling lonely and being included, rating and perceiving health as good, high physical function/ability and being physically active, living in own house and feeling at home. Areas perceived as important to well-being captured only in qualitative analysis were having freedom and engagement. An example of insights not achievable from the quantitative or qualitative analysis alone was that individuals with high morale expressed anxiety about losing their health due to potential ageing-related threats and that individuals with low morale struggled with acceptance. Acceptance was the key strategy for handling adverse consequences of ageing in all described areas. CONCLUSION: When using standardized assessment scales in clinical practice, it could be useful to combine quantitative and qualitative data. Acceptance was key for well-being; however, acceptance could be resigned or reorienting in nature.


Asunto(s)
Evaluación Geriátrica , Plata , Anciano , Humanos , Moral , Percepción , Suecia
5.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 22: e60281, 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1155278

RESUMEN

RESUMO Objetivo compreender o desenvolvimento da sensibilidade moral na prática de profissionais da Estratégia Saúde da Família. Métodos estudo de caso único, de abordagem qualitativa, realizado com trinta e cinco profissionais das equipes de saúde da família. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de entrevistas guiadas por roteiro semiestruturado e observação. Os dados foram analisados por meio de Análise de Conteúdo Temática. Resultados a análise revelou que os fatores relacionados à organização do trabalho, às relações interpessoais e aos valores pessoais influenciam o desenvolvimento da sensibilidade moral de profissionais das equipes de saúde da família. Conclusão o desenvolvimento da sensibilidade moral de profissionais da Estratégia Saúde da Família é influenciado por fatores potencializadores e dificultadores que se apresentam no cotidiano de trabalho.


ABSTRACT Objective to understand the development of moral sensitivity in the practice of Family Health Strategy professionals. Methods a unique case study, of qualitative approach, conducted with thirty-five professionals from the family health teams. Data collection occurred through interviews guided by semi-structured script and observation. The data was analyzed through Thematic Content Analysis. Results the analysis revealed that factors related to work organization, interpersonal relationships and personal values influence the development of the moral sensitivity of professionals in family health teams. Conclusion the development of the moral sensitivity of Family Health Strategy professionals is influenced by enabling and hindering factors that present themselves in daily work.


Asunto(s)
Grupo de Atención al Paciente , Práctica Profesional , Estrategia de Salud Familiar , Ética , Moral
6.
Rev. med. cine ; 16(4): 315-318, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-199497

RESUMEN

El corazón frágil es una miniserie británica, estrenada en 1996. Dado que este drama médico ofrece, entre otras, una variedad de posibilidades de debate sobre facetas deontológicas y actitudinales para médicos en particular y profesionales del área de la salud en general resulta más que recomendable apreciar las varias lecturas que permite. El objetivo de este trabajo es abordarla y presentar algunas de tales posibilidades


The fragile heart is a British miniseries, released in 1996. Since this medical drama offers, among others, a variety of possibilities for debate on deontological and attitudinal features for physicians in particular and professionals in health area in general is more than recommended appreciating the various readings it allows. The aim of this paper is to address it and present some of those possibilities


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Películas Cinematográficas , Moral , Ética Médica , Cirujanos/ética , Cirugía Torácica/ética , Medicina en las Artes , Teoría Ética
7.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190002, Jan.-Dec. 2020. graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1101978

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify the elements of moral sensitivity held by nurses working in a medical clinic unit. Method: this exploratory-descriptive study with a qualitative approach addressed 18 nurses from a medical clinic of a university hospital located in southern Brazil using semi-structured interviews, which were analyzed using discursive textual analysis. Results: data were structured into six categories: relational orientation; experiencing moral dilemmas; following rules; benevolent motivation; structuring moral meaning; and autonomy. These categories enabled the identification of important elements of moral sensitivity, such as acknowledging the ethical dimension of one's attitudes, acknowledging the uniqueness of each patient, dealing with conflict between workers and patients and/or their companions, adapting to the workplace, empathy, dialogue, clinical decision-making, meeting the needs of patients, understanding patients' health condition, respect, welcoming patients' desires and providing guidance that concerns patients' requests and refusals. Conclusion: the elements of moral sensitivity identified in this study contribute to support nurses when making clinical decisions, especially when facing ethical issues arising in a medical clinic setting.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar los elementos de sensibilidad moral presentes en las enfermeras que trabajan en una Unidad de Clínica Médica. Método: investigación cualitativa, descriptiva exploratoria, desarrollada a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas analizadas mediante análisis discursivo textual, con 18 enfermeras trabajando en la unidad de clínica médica de un hospital universitario en el sur de Brasil. Resultados: se estructuran en seis categorías: orientación relacional; experimentando conflicto moral; seguir las reglas; motivación benevolente; Estructuración del significado moral y la autonomía que permitieron identificar elementos importantes de la sensibilidad moral, como el reconocimiento de la dimensión ética de las actitudes, el reconocimiento de la singularidad de los pacientes, la forma de hacer frente a los conflictos entre el profesional y el paciente y / o compañero, la adaptación en el entorno de trabajo. , empatía, diálogo, toma de decisiones clínicas, satisfacción de las necesidades de los pacientes, comprensión de su estado de salud, respeto, bienvenida a sus deseos y orientación con respecto a sus solicitudes y rechazos. Conclusión: los elementos de sensibilidad moral identificados en este estudio contribuyen a que las enfermeras puedan tomar decisiones clínicas, especialmente frente a problemas éticos experimentados en el entorno de la clínica médica.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar os elementos da sensibilidade moral presentes em enfermeiros atuantes em uma Unidade de Clínica Médica. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, do tipo exploratório-descritiva, desenvolvida por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas analisadas mediante análise textual discursiva, com 18 enfermeiros atuantes na unidade de clínica médica de um hospital universitário do sul do Brasil. Resultados: se estruturam em seis categorias: orientação relacional; experimentando o conflito moral; seguir regras; motivação benevolente; estruturação do significado moral e autonomia a qual foi possível identificar importantes elementos da sensibilidade moral como reconhecimento a dimensão ética das atitudes, reconhecer a singularidade dos pacientes, a forma de enfrentamento dos conflitos entre profissional e paciente e/ou acompanhante, adaptação no ambiente de trabalho, empatia, diálogo, tomada de decisão clínica, atendimento as necessidades dos pacientes, compreensão da sua condição de saúde, respeito, acolhimento aos seus desejos e orientação quanto as suas solicitações e recusas. Conclusão: os elementos da sensibilidade moral identificados nesse estudo contribuem para habilitar os enfermeiros para a tomada de decisão clínica, principalmente diante de problemas éticos vivenciados no ambiente de clínica médica.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Adulto Joven , Salud del Adulto , Enfermería , Ética , Moral , Investigación Cualitativa , Ética en Enfermería , Motivación
8.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190104, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1101972

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the moral values that nursing teachers and students consider important for vocational training with those they believe are promoted throughout undergraduate study. Method: a qualitative research; an ethnographic study conducted at a public nursing school in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in 2018, involving 40 interviews with teachers and students and a participant observation phase. Results: the moral values that teachers and students consider important for vocational training, as well as those that are promoted, converge on prudence, respect, responsibility, and empathy. It is noteworthy that the knowledge was much cited by the respondents and this article interpreted it as prudence. However, in relation to the values promoted during undergraduation, students warn that these are stimulated when referring to the binomial student-user of health, because they do not feel to the same intensity the presence of these moral values in the teacher-student relationship. Conclusion: a powerful strategy for teaching about moral values is to promote the care of their own students, teachers and staff. In this way, mismatches are avoided between what is said and what is done by experiencing values such as prudence, respect, responsibility and empathy within interpersonal relationships and in the daily life of the school.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comparar los valores morales que los profesores y estudiantes de enfermería consideran importantes para la formación profesional con los que creen que se promueven a lo largo de la carrera de grado. Método: investigación cualitativa; un estudio etnográfico realizado en el año 2018 en una facultad pública de enfermería del estado de Río de Janeiro, por medio de 40 entrevistas con profesores y estudiantes y una fase de observación de los participantes. Resultados: los valores morales que los profesores y estudiantes evalúan como importantes para la formación profesional, al igual como los que se promueven, convergen en la prudencia, el respeto, la responsabilidad y la empatía. Cabe destacar que el conocimiento fue muy citado por los entrevistados y, en este artículo, se lo interpretó como prudencia. Pese a ello, en relación con los valores promovidos a lo largo de la carrera de grado, los estudiantes manifiestan que se los fomenta cuando se refieren al binomio estudiante-usuario de servicios de salud, puesto que no sienten con la misma intensidad la presencia de estos valores en la relación profesor-estudiante. Conclusión: estamos frente a una poderosa estrategia para enseñar sobre los valores morales y promover el cuidado de sus propios estudiantes, profesores y personal administrativo. De esta manera, se evitan desencuentros entre lo que se dice y lo que se hace al respetar valores como la prudencia, el respeto, la responsabilidad y la empatía dentro de las relaciones interpersonales y en la vida cotidiana de la facultad.


RESUMO Objetivo: comparar os valores morais que professores e estudantes de enfermagem consideram importantes para a formação profissional com aqueles que eles acreditam que são promovidos ao longo da graduação. Método: pesquisa qualitativa; um estudo etnográfico realizado em uma faculdade pública de enfermagem do estado do Rio de Janeiro, em 2018, envolvendo 40 entrevistas com professores e estudantes e uma fase de observação participante. Resultados: os valores morais que os professores e estudantes avaliam ser importantes para a formação profissional, bem como aqueles que são promovidos, convergem para a prudência, o respeito, a responsabilidade e a empatia. Vale destacar que o conhecimento foi muito citado pelos entrevistados e, este artigo, interpretou-o como prudência. Todavia, em relação aos valores promovidos ao longo da graduação, os estudantes alertam que estes são estimulados quando referem-se ao binômio estudante-usuário de saúde, pois não sentem na mesma intensidade a presença desses valores morais na relação professor-estudante. Conclusão: uma potente estratégia para ensinar sobre os valores morais é promover o cuidado dos seus próprios estudantes, professores e funcionários. Dessa maneira, evitam-se desencontros entre o que se diz e o que se faz ao vivenciar os valores como a prudência, o respeito, a responsabilidade e a empatia dentro das relações interpessoais e no cotidiano da faculdade.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Teoría Ética , Ética , Moral , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Enseñanza , Enfermería , Investigación Cualitativa , Educación en Enfermería , Ética en Enfermería , Docentes , Relaciones Interpersonales
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334064

RESUMEN

The aim of the study is to present a new and efficient way of measuring the quality of life among older populations, with special attention to morale, positive outlook on life and ageing. The measure is based on the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale (PGCM), originally consisting of 22 items. The growing numbers and proportions of older people among European populations has increased the need to obtain more reliable data on their needs, values, life experiences and overall quality of life. Using data from six surveys conducted in the Czech Republic, we have formulated a three-item positive outlook on life and ageing (POLA) scale. Our analyses are divided into three steps: (1) constructing the scale and testing its internal consistency; (2) testing the scale's external validity using mean comparisons and correlation coefficients; and (3) determining the factors affecting a positive outlook on later life, such as gender and education. We have confirmed that the three-item approach to measuring positive outlook on ageing as a part of morale is highly applicable to surveys, producing compelling results in assessing important quality-of-life sub-concepts, such as subjective health, subjective age, and loneliness.


Asunto(s)
Calidad de Vida , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Envejecimiento , República Checa , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Moral , Psicometría , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Adv Chronic Kidney Dis ; 27(5): 412-417, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308507

RESUMEN

As paradigms of clinical care delivery have been significantly impacted by the novel coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic, so has the structure, delivery, and future of medical education. Both undergraduate and graduate medical education have seen disruptions ranging from fully virtual delivery of educational content and limited clinical care for medical students to increased clinical demands with redeployment for residents and fellows. Adherence to social distancing has led to the adoption and implementation of already available technologies in medical education, including video conferencing softwares and social media platforms. Efficient and effective use of these technologies requires an understanding not only of these platforms and their features but also of their inherent limitations. During a time of uncertainty and increased clinical demands, the approach to medical education must be thoughtful with attention to wellness of both the educator and learner. In this review, we discuss the influence of the pandemic on the existing medical education landscape, outline existing and proposed adaptations to social distancing, and describe challenges that lie ahead.


Asunto(s)
Educación a Distancia/métodos , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina/métodos , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/métodos , Comunicación por Videocoferencia , Humanos , Moral , Telemedicina
11.
Ann Acad Med Singap ; 49(11): 897-901, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381783

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a major impact in healthcare systems across the world, with many hospitals having to come up with protocols and measures to contain the spread of the virus. This affects various specialties' clinical practices in many ways. Since early 2020 in Singapore, the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at Tan Tock Seng Hospital had to rapidly adapt to this pandemic as we provided services to the main healthcare facility combating the virus in our country. We had to design new workflows and also remain flexible in view of the ever-changing situation. There are 6 important domains for an otolaryngology department or any clinical department in general to consider when making adjustments to their practices in an outbreak: (1) clinical work, (2) education, (3) research, (4) safety of patients and staff, (5) morale of medical staff and (6) pandemic frontline work. We hope that the sharing of our experiences and the lessons learnt will be useful for both our local and international colleagues.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Prestación de Atención de Salud/métodos , Otolaringología/métodos , Atención Ambulatoria , Investigación Biomédica , Educación Médica , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Electivos , Fuerza Laboral en Salud , Humanos , Moral , Otolaringología/educación , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos , Equipo de Protección Personal , Admisión y Programación de Personal , Singapur/epidemiología , Flujo de Trabajo
12.
Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) ; 69(5): 227-232, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059875

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has swept through our hospitals which have had to adapt as a matter of urgency. We are aware that a health crisis of this magnitude is likely to generate mental disorders particularly affecting exposed healthcare workers. Being so brutal and global, this one-of the kind pandemic has been impacting the staff in their professional sphere but also within their private circle. The COV IMPACT study is an early assessment survey conducted for 2 weeks in May 2020, of the perception by all hospital workers of the changes induced in their professional activity by the pandemic. The study was carried out by a survey sent to the hospital staff of Béziers and Montfermeil. The readjusted working conditions were source of increased physical fatigue for 62 % of the respondents. Moral exhaustion was reported by 36 %. It was related to the stress of contracting the infection (72 %) but above all of transmitting it to relatives (89 %) with a broad perception of a vital risk (41 %). This stress affected all socio-professional categories (CSP) and was independent of exposure to COVID. Change in organisation, lack of information and protective gear and equipment were major factors of insecurity at the start of the epidemic. Work on supportive measures is necessary. It should focus on the spread of information, particularly towards the youngest, as well as bringing more psychological support and a larger amount of medical equipment, beyond healthcare workers and the COVID sectors.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Personal de Hospital/psicología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/etiología , Adulto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Familia , Fatiga/etiología , Fatiga/psicología , Francia/epidemiología , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Difusión de la Información , Persona de Mediana Edad , Moral , Enfermedades Profesionales/etiología , Enfermedades Profesionales/psicología , Innovación Organizacional , Pandemias , Equipo de Protección Personal/provisión & distribución , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Adulto Joven
13.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 330-339, mayo 2020. graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-192070

RESUMEN

En la actualidad, la corrupción constituye uno de los principales problemas psicológicos, sociales, económicos y políticos a nivel mundial. El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar las variables psicológicas asociadas a la corrupción a través de una revisión sistemática de las publicaciones entre 2008 y 2018. Tras realizar una búsqueda en las bases de datos Psycinfo, Web of Science, Scopus, Scielo y Dialnet, se encontraron 44 artículos que cumplían con los criterios de selección propuestos. Los grandes núcleos encontrados fueron la ética organizacional, creencias y valores culturales, moral y normas percibidas, y personalidad y variables relacionadas. En general, los resultados apuntan a que variables organizacionales como la percepción de la conducta de sus dirigentes o las estrategias de justificación están relacionadas con la corrupción. Valores culturales meritocráticos y materialistas también han sido ligados a la conducta corrupta, como ocurre en el caso de la percepción de un entorno corrupto y de las normas sociales. En cuanto a la personalidad, rasgos como el narcisismo y la psicopatía se encuentran íntimamente ligados a este fenómeno. Por otra parte, variables como la percepción del poder o el sexo de los participantes han recibido un sustento empírico ambiguo


Nowadays, corruption is one of the most important psychological, social, economic and political issues worldwide. The present paper aims to analyse psychological variables related to corruption through a systematic review of publications from 2008 to 2018. After carrying out a bibliographic search in scientific databases such as Psycinfo, Web of Science and Dialnet, 41 papers were found to match selection criteria. Core topics haven been organizational ethics, cultural beliefs and values, perceived norms and moral, and personality and related variables. Overall, results have shown that organizational variables such as leaders' behaviour and justification strategies are linked to corruption. Meritocratic and materialist values have also been linked to corrupt behaviour, just like perceiving a corrupt environment and social norms. In regard to personality, features such as narcissism and psychopathy are deeply connected with this phenomenon. On the other side, perception of power and gender have a mixed empirical support


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Corrupción/psicología , Valores Sociales , Normas Sociales , Ética Institucional , Religión , Bases de Datos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Moral
16.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1166, 2020 Jul 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711485

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The job morale of healthcare staff is widely seen as an important factor for the quality of care. Yet, there are different understandings of what constitutes job morale, which hinders systematic research and comparisons. We therefore conducted a scoping review of how the concept of job morale has developed over time and how it is used in healthcare research. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to identify relevant literature. Data were gathered on study design and context, objectives, definitions of morale, outcome measures and key findings. Data was synthesised using a descriptive analytical framework. RESULTS: Ninety-three unique studies met eligibility criteria for the present review. The literature outlines four main periods of the evolution of the concept of job morale: The First World War and the interwar years; Second World War; Aftermath of the Second World War; and Contemporary period. The concept of job morale originated in a military context and was later applied to and specified in the healthcare literature. The concept has been applied to individuals and groups. The understandings used in healthcare vary, but overlap. Methods for assessing job morale in healthcare include quantitative scales, indirect measurements of consequences and predictors of morale, and qualitative approaches. Existing studies have mainly focused on the job morale of general practitioners, nurses and mental health professionals in high-income countries. CONCLUSIONS: Although the understandings of job morale in healthcare are heterogeneous and inconsistent, the concept appears to have been useful over longer periods of time and in different contexts. Which precise understanding of job morale is useful, depends on the given research purpose, and studies should make explicit which exact understanding they apply. Systematic research on job morale is required to facilitate measures to improve and maintain high levels of morale across different professional groups, including professionals in low- and middle-income countries.


Asunto(s)
Personal de Salud/psicología , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Formación de Concepto , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Femenino , Investigación sobre Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Moral
17.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (49): 7-23, jul. 2020.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-192091

RESUMEN

El objetivo de este artículo es definir y clarificar el criterio del mejor interés (CMI) como un principio ético para la toma de decisiones por representación. En primer lugar, se exponen algunas propuestas conceptuales como la de Kopelman y Buchanan y Brock. En segundo lugar, analizamos algunas críticas que se han hecho al CMI. Por último, este trabajo responde algunas críticas y hace una propuesta integradora


The aim of this paper defines and clarifies the best interest criterion (BIC) as an ethical principle to substitute decision-making. First, this work exposes some conceptual proposals such as Kopelman and Buchanan and Brock. Second, the authors analyze some criticisms that have been made to BIC. Third, we want to respond such critics and we do a conciliatory proposal


L'objectiu d'aquest article és definir I clarificar el criteri del millor interès (CMI) com un principi ètic per a la presa de decisions per representació. En primer lloc, s'exposen algunes propostes conceptuals com la de Kopelman I Buchanan I Brock. En segon lloc, analitzem algunes crítiques que s'han fet al CMI. Finalment, aquest treball dóna resposta a algunes crítiques I fa una proposta integradora


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Niño , Toma de Decisiones/ética , Pediatría/ética , Bioética , Relaciones Médico-Paciente/ética , Competencia Mental/legislación & jurisprudencia , Privación de Tratamiento/legislación & jurisprudencia , Moral
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