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1.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e97, 2020 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992376

RESUMEN

AIMS: Prescription opioid misuse (POM) contributes to a larger opioid crisis in the US and Canada, with over 17 000 US POM-related overdose deaths in 2017. Our aims were to (1) identify specific profiles of respondents based on POM motives using the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and (2) compare profile respondents on sociodemographics, substance use and mental and physical health outcomes. METHODS: Analyses included 2017-18 NSDUH respondents with data on POM motives (n = 4810). POM was defined as prescription opioid use in a way not intended by the prescriber, including use without a prescription, in larger amounts or more frequently. Nine POM motives for the most recent episode were assessed, including 'to relieve physical pain' and 'to get high'. Latent classes, based on POM motives, were estimated. Classes were compared on sociodemographics, substance use and physical and mental health outcomes. RESULTS: Eight latent classes were identified (in order of prevalence): pain relief only, relax-pain relief, sleep-pain relief, multi-motive, high, experimenter, emotional coping and dependent/hooked. Compared to the pain relief only group, the high and multi-motive classes had higher odds of all substance use outcomes, with the dependent/hooked class having higher odds on all but one outcome. Six of the eight classes had higher odds of past-year mental health treatment and suicidal ideation than the pain relief only class. CONCLUSIONS: Screening for pain, pain conditions, problematic substance use and psychopathology are recommended in those with any POM. While those in the dependent/hooked, multi-motive and emotional coping classes are most likely to have prescription opioid use disorder (OUD), screening for OUD symptoms in all individuals with POM is also warranted.


Asunto(s)
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapéutico , Trastornos Relacionados con Opioides/tratamiento farmacológico , Mal Uso de Medicamentos de Venta con Receta/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Análisis de Clases Latentes , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Motivación , Trastornos Relacionados con Opioides/epidemiología , Mal Uso de Medicamentos de Venta con Receta/psicología , Prevalencia , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
2.
Psychiatr Prax ; 47(1): 22-28, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910457

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Over the last decade, methamphetamine use has spread rapidly in Europe, leading to a significant medical shortfall in many regions. To date, there are no standardized German-language therapy programs for qualified detoxification and motivation treatment. We have developed a therapy manual ("CrystalClean") over 15 therapy modules, which was evaluated in the present pilot study with regard to feasibility and acceptability. METHODS: Observational study with systematic interviews over 3 months on 31 patients with methamphetamine dependence. RESULTS: Acceptability of most modules was rated as high by both patients and therapists. In addition, the manual was considered to be well feasible in inpatient daily routine. However, contact terminations frequently occurred when switching to outpatient treatment. CONCLUSION: Results from our study point to a high acceptance of the manual for the accompaniment of qualified detoxification and motivation treatment in patients with methamphetamine dependence. Feasibility in the clinical setting can be improved by reducing the number of modules to the 12 best evaluated and by increasing the frequency of therapies.


Asunto(s)
Lenguaje , Metanfetamina , Trastornos Relacionados con Opioides/rehabilitación , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/rehabilitación , Europa (Continente) , Estudios de Factibilidad , Alemania , Humanos , Motivación , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Proyectos Piloto , Traducción
3.
BMJ ; 368: l6768, 2020 01 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924664

RESUMEN

The studyCabral C, Horwood J, Symonds J, et al. Understanding the influence of parent-clinician communication on antibiotic prescribing for children with respiratory tract infections in primary care: a qualitative observational study using a conversation analysis approach. BMC Fam Pract 2019;20:102.This project was funded by the NIHR School for Primary Care Research Programme (project number SPCR204).To read the full NIHR Signal, go to: https://discover.dc.nihr.ac.uk/content/signal-000829/gps-assessment-not-parental-expectation-drives-antibiotic-prescribing.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio , Niño , Humanos , Motivación , Padres , Atención Primaria de Salud
4.
J Sports Sci ; 38(2): 121-129, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661663

RESUMEN

A common barrier to exercise is "lack of time". Accordingly, interest in low-volume, high-intensity training has grown exponentially since this activity is considered time-efficient. However, the high-intensity nature of this exercise may frequently result in feelings of displeasure creating another barrier for many people. The purpose of this study was to compare affective (pleasure-displeasure) responses to three low-volume, high-intensity exercise conditions, including a novel shortened-sprint protocol. Using a within-subjects, randomised crossover experiment, healthy participants (N = 36) undertook a single bout of: 1) traditional reduced-exertion, high-intensity interval training (TREHIT), 2) a novel, shortened-sprint REHIT (SSREHIT) protocol, and 3) sprint continuous training (SCT). Affect and perceived efforts were recorded throughout exercise using the Feeling Scale (FS) and the 15-point Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) scale, respectively. Enjoyment was recorded 5 min post-exercise using the Exercise Enjoyment Scale (EES). Differences were found for FS (condition by time interaction: P = 0.01GG, η2 = 0.26), RPE (P = 0.01GG, η2 = 0.23), and enjoyment (P < 0.01) with all outcomes favouring SSREHIT. Shortened-sprint protocols may diminish feelings of displeasure and might be a time-efficient yet tolerable exercise choice to help motivate some people to increase their physical activity and fitness.


Asunto(s)
Entrenamiento de Intervalos de Alta Intensidad/métodos , Entrenamiento de Intervalos de Alta Intensidad/psicología , Placer , Adulto , Estudios Cruzados , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivación , Percepción/fisiología , Esfuerzo Físico/fisiología , Adulto Joven
5.
J Sports Sci ; 38(2): 177-186, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703541

RESUMEN

Background: The Canadian Assessment of Physical Literacy (CAPL) accurately and reliably assesses the physical literacy level of young children. However, in preliminary analyses ceiling effects were noted among 183 older children. The purposes of this study were to assess the validity of a modified CAPL designed for older children (CAPL 789) and to offer descriptive results.Methods: CAPL 789 assessed the physical literacy of Canadian children in grades 7-9. Data were collected from schools and recreation facilities in the provinces of Alberta and Ontario (Canada), yielding a new sample of 245 participants (129 girls, 13.7 ± 0.9 years). Descriptive statistics were calculated for all CAPL domains. Age and gender effects were examined to support the validity.Results: Physical competence score (/32) increased with age (F = 4.90, p < 0.05), the means in grades 7-9 being 18.9 ± 3.2, 20.9 ± 4.4 and 21.2 ± 3.4, respectively. Girls scored significantly higher (t = -2.29, p < 0.05) than boys (6.6 ± 1.2 vs 6.3 ± 1.3) in the knowledge assessment (/10).Conclusion: The CAPL 789 was feasible among children from grades 7-9. Additional research is required to establish the psychometric properties in children 12 to 16 years.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Conducta Infantil , Ejercicio/psicología , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Composición Corporal , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivación , Actividad Motora , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico/estadística & datos numéricos , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Factores Sexuales
6.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(2): 212-220, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742736

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To explore impairments due to tooth loss and expectations of prosthetic replacements in an urban group and a rural group of patients in Sweden. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were performed on 35 partially edentulous patients from prosthodontic specialist clinics located in an urban area and a rural area in Sweden. The interviews focused on impairments due to tooth loss and expectations of prosthetic restorations. Analysis was made using the grounded theory approach, allowing in-depth investigation of the phenomenon. RESULTS: Functional, aesthetic and social impairments were mentioned, and coping strategies (eg chewing differently and laughing less) and modifications (eg age, time and social setting) of the impairments were described. The rural patient group accepted impairments somewhat better than the urban one. Otherwise, there was only minor difference between the groups. Removable prosthodontic restorations were more acceptable among rural patients. Urban patients insisted more often on implant-based restorations and had higher expectations of longevity. Patients with minor impairments still wanted treatment, based on concerns about the future of their dentition. The interviews themselves generated new thoughts in the patients and were thus considered valuable by the patients. CONCLUSIONS: Impairments due to tooth loss and expectations of prosthetic replacements were expressed in the same way in the rural and urban patient groups. However, in the rural population, there was a higher acceptance of impairments and also of removable prosthetic restorations, whereas the urban population expressed a higher demand for implant-based restorations.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Diente , Estética Dental , Humanos , Motivación , Suecia , Población Urbana
7.
J Forensic Sci ; 65(1): 103-111, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404476

RESUMEN

This study analyzes postmortem records from 260 homicide cases autopsied by the Department of Forensic Medicine in Rome from 2000 to 2014. The victims were mainly males (74%) and young (61% aged from 21 to 50 years). Although the victims were mostly Italians, the number of foreign victims (33%) has increased since 1990, primarily due to immigration. The offenders frequently used firearms (39%), particularly in multiple murders. An increase in blunt (20%) and sharp force (32%) weapons was also seen. The primary crime scene was residential (42%), and the head was the most frequently injured body region. Male victims occurred frequently in the context of organized crime (7.6%). In family or intimate-sexual relationships, women were the majority of victims (8%). Forensic pathologists play an important role during investigation. They should consider all the information available to them, including autopsy information, crime scene information, and crime investigation data.


Asunto(s)
Víctimas de Crimen/estadística & datos numéricos , Homicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Niño , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Motivación , Distribución por Sexo , Suicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Armas/estadística & datos numéricos , Heridas y Traumatismos/mortalidad , Adulto Joven
8.
J Sports Sci ; 38(2): 214-230, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795815

RESUMEN

Injuries and lack of motivation are common reasons for discontinuation of running. Real-time feedback from wearables can reduce discontinuation by reducing injury risk and improving performance and motivation. There are however several limitations and challenges with current real-time feedback approaches. We discuss these limitations and challenges and provide a framework to optimise real-time feedback for reducing injury risk and improving performance and motivation. We first discuss the reasons why individuals run and propose that feedback targeted to these reasons can improve motivation and compliance. Secondly, we review the association of running technique and running workload with injuries and performance and we elaborate how real-time feedback on running technique and workload can be applied to reduce injury risk and improve performance and motivation. We also review different feedback modalities and motor learning feedback strategies and their application to real-time feedback. Briefly, the most effective feedback modality and frequency differ between variables and individuals, but a combination of modalities and mixture of real-time and delayed feedback is most effective. Moreover, feedback promoting perceived competence, autonomy and an external focus can improve motivation, learning and performance. Although the focus is on wearables, the challenges and practical applications are also relevant for laboratory-based gait retraining.


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Atlético/fisiología , Rendimiento Atlético/psicología , Retroalimentación , Monitores de Ejercicio , Motivación , Carrera/fisiología , Carrera/psicología , Traumatismos en Atletas/prevención & control , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Marcha/fisiología , Humanos , Percepción , Carrera/lesiones
10.
Accid Anal Prev ; 134: 105350, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715549

RESUMEN

Previous studies have acknowledged the impact of risk perception on safety behavior, but were largely controversial. This study aims to clarify this conflict and the mechanism through which risk perception can have an impact on safety behavior. From the perspective of the dual attribute of the job demand concept in job demands-resources theory, we posit that risk perception can be considered as a job hindrance or a job challenge depending on the context, thereby resulting in a negative or positive impact on safety behavior, respectively. The current research context is the construction industry and the hypotheses were tested using hierarchically nested data collected from 311 workers in 35 workgroups. Risk perception was demonstrated to be a job hindrance exerting a negative impact on safety behavior and safety motivation mediated this effect. In addition, two dimensions of group-level safety climate--supervisor's and coworkers'--were expected to alleviate or even reverse the detrimental effects of hindrance risk perception on safety motivation and on safety behavior via motivation. A moderation model and a first-stage moderated mediation model were established, respectively, for testing the moderating roles of safety climate in the relationship between risk perception and safety motivation, and in the indirect relationship of risk perception with safety behavior via motivation. Surprisingly, contrary to the hypotheses, when supervisor's safety climate changed from a low level to a high level, the impact of risk perception on safety motivation changed from positive to negative, and the negative effect of risk perception on safety behavior via safety motivation was not alleviated but worsened. As expected, for workers in a positive coworkers' safety climate, the negative effect of risk perception on motivation and the indirect negative effect of risk perception on behavior were both reversed to the positive. This indicates that coworkers' safety climate helped to change perceived risk from a job hindrance to a challenge. This research contributes to workplace risk perception and safety behavior research by theoretically viewing risk perception as a dual job hindrance-challenge concept and proposing two competing hypotheses concerning the impact of risk perception on safety behavior. The empirical investigation confirmed the hindrance attribute of risk perception in the construction context. It provides a theoretical framework and empirical evidence for future research to synthesize the conflict risk perception-safety behavior relationship. We also contribute to the literature by pointing out the potential negative role of certain supervisor safety activities such as paternalistic leadership in influencing employee safety.


Asunto(s)
Cultura Organizacional , Administración de la Seguridad/organización & administración , Prevención de Accidentes/métodos , Adulto , Industria de la Construcción/organización & administración , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivación , Salud Laboral
11.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e269, 2019 12 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826773

RESUMEN

People can imagine their future selves without taking future-focused action. Identity-based motivation theory explains why. Hoerl & McCormack outline how. Present-focused action prevails because future "me" feels irrelevant to the choices facing current "me" unless future "me" is experienced as occurring now or as linked to current "me" via if-then simulations. This entails reasoning in time and about time.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Motivación , Emociones , Predicción , Solución de Problemas
12.
Epidemiol Health ; 41: e2019049, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801319

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to identify and characterize the barriers and motivations to physical activity (PA) for elderly adults in Iran and other countries. METHODS: We searched 6 databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Magiran, and the Scientific Information Database) from 2000 to the November 2017, using "aged 60 and over," "physical activity" or "exercise," and "motivator" and "barrier" as keywords. Two reviewers independently performed the search, screening, and quality assessment of the studies. RESULTS: In total, 34 papers were finally included in the study. The most important barriers, based on the frequency of factors, included physical problems, having no companions, and physical barriers to walking. The motivators included improving one's physical condition, being social, and suitability of the physical environment. CONCLUSIONS: Important motivators and barriers to PA were more closely related to intrapersonal factors than to the interpersonal and environmental domains. The barriers and motivators to PA in the elderly were not markedly different between Iran and other countries. Therefore, a general strategy could be designed to improve PA in the elderly.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio , Anciano , Ejercicio/psicología , Humanos , Internacionalidad , Irán , Motivación
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1376-1380, 2019 Nov 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838807

RESUMEN

Objective: To establish the model of the self-confidence, motivation and authoritative advice factors influencing the use of child restraint and use structural equation model to test it to provide scientific basis for promoting the advocacy of use of child restraint. Methods: Using multi-stage cluster random sampling method, 9 112 parents from the family with one or more private cars and 0-6 years old children in Shanghai and Shenzhen were investigated about the use of child restraint. A theoretical model of the self-confidence, motivation and authoritative advice factors influencing the use of child restraint was constructed. The theoretical model was validated and quantitatively analyzed by structural equation model. Results: The overall model accords with the expected theoretical model, and the goodness of model fit was fine. The indicators had met the standard. RMSEA=0.03, CFI=0.97. The standardization coefficients of each route showed statistical significance (P<0.05). The standardization coefficients of the influence of authoritative suggestions and motives on self-confidence were 0.45 and 0.30 respectively, and the standardization coefficients of the influence of self-confidence on the use of child restraint was 0.40. The standardization coefficient of the influence of authoritative suggestions on motivation was 0.61. Conclusions: In the advocacy of the use of child restraint, we should attach importance to the use of recommendations from experts and organizations with professional authority, good credibility and public welfare. We should take the status of children's road traffic safety and the mechanism of the role of child restraint as one of the key points of propaganda.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Tránsito/prevención & control , Sistemas de Retención Infantil , Motivación , Padres/psicología , Administración de la Seguridad/métodos , Autoimagen , Automóviles , Niño , Preescolar , China , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Embarazo , Cinturones de Seguridad/estadística & datos numéricos
14.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(675): 2278-2283, 2019 Dec 11.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840955

RESUMEN

Hip and knee replacement are among the most successful orthopaedic interventions in terms of satisfaction and they are now proposed to younger patients. Recommendations regarding return to sports are based on expert opinions and on the results of surveys performed among surgeons. Sports activities are classified as recommended, recommended with some level of experience, and discouraged. They take into account the risks associated with sports activities, but are not necessarily in line with the growing expectations of patients. This article addresses the risks related to return to sports, recommended sports, and the rate and appropriate timing of sport resumption. The main predictor remains the motivation of the patient and the pre-operative sporting level.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Deportes , Humanos , Motivación , Volver al Deporte , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
16.
Rev Infirm ; 68(256): 45-46, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870482

RESUMEN

Catherine is an advanced nurse practitioner working in a large general practice in the north of England. She works alongside her medical colleagues and receives and treats patients with undifferentiated complaints. Tom, a 33 year-old man, is presenting today with respiratory symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Medicina General , Enfermeras Practicantes , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivación , Satisfacción del Paciente
18.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25009, jan.- dez. 2019. gráfico, tabelas
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047624

RESUMEN

El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar la influencia de la modificación de la lógica interna en las emociones percibidas durante las actividades de expresión corporal en alumnos de educación secundaria. Ochenta alumnos (edad: 13.01±0.98 años; sexo: chicos n=49, chicas n=31; curso escolar: 1º ESO n=28, 2º ESO n=30, 3º ESO n=22) participaron voluntariamente en este estudio. Se realizaron dos sesiones compuestas por cinco actividades, separadas por una semana, donde se modificó la lógica interna entre sesiones. Se utilizó la Escala de Juegos y Emociones Deportivas (GES) modificada para el análisis de las emociones. Una modificación en la lógica interna influye directamente en las emociones negativas, manteniéndose altos los valores de emociones positivas. La satisfacción durante la práctica esta relacionada con la emoción de la alegría e inversamente relacionada con la emoción de la vergüenza. En conclusión, el trabajo y análisis de emociones es importante para alcanzar un mayor placer y satisfacción en los alumnos


O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar a influência da modificação da lógica interna nas emoções percebidas durante as atividades de expressão corporal em alunos do ensino médio. Oitenta estudantes (idade: 13,01±0,98 anos, sexo: meninos n=49, meninas n=31, ano escolar: 1ºESO n=28, 2ºESO n=30, 3ºESO n=22) participaram voluntariamente deste estudo. Duas sessões foram compostas por cinco atividades, separadas por uma semana, em que a lógica interna entre sessões foi modificada. Foi utilizada a Escala de Jogos e Emoções Esportivas (GES) modificada para a análise das emoções. Uma modificação na lógica interna influencia diretamente as emoções negativas, mantendo altos os valores das emoções positivas. A satisfação durante a prática está relacionada à emoção da alegria e inversamente relacionada à vergonha da emoção. Em conclusão, o trabalho e análise de emoções é importante para alcançar maior prazer e satisfação nos alunos


This study analyzed the influence of changes in internal logic on emotions perceived during body expression lessons with secondary education students. Participants were 80 volunteers (age: 13.01±0.98 years; sex: boys n=49, girls n=31; school year of mandatory secondary education: 1st n=28, 2nd n=30, 3rd n=22). Two sessions were performed, separated by 7 days, with five activities each. In each session, the internal logic of the activities was changed. The Games and Emotions Scale (GES) was used to analyze the perceived emotions. A change in internal logic directly influences negative emotions, keeping scores of positive emotions high. Satisfaction during practice is related to emotion of joy and inversely related to the emotion of shame. In conclusion, to work and analyze emotions perceived by the students is important to increase their enjoyment and satisfaction


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adolescente , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Emoción Expresada , Motivación/fisiología , Inteligencia Emocional
19.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 110(10): 794-799, dic. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-185600

RESUMEN

La Dermatología Estética se ocupa de la belleza y apariencia de la piel, una parte importantísima de la imagen corporal. Los tratamientos utilizados en Dermatología Estética (higiene, hidratación, protección, reparación) buscan potenciar las características propias de la piel, en su anatomía, función y vitalidad, y esto se traduce en mejoras del aspecto estético. La comunicación con el paciente es fundamental en la consulta médica y entendemos que la Dermatología Estética tiene connotaciones especiales que deben considerarse. En este artículo se presenta un modelo propio de tres pilares en la comunicación con el paciente estético y se exponen tres habilidades humanas como dichos pilares: asertividad, empatía y juicio crítico


Cosmetic dermatology deals with the beauty and appearance of the skin – a most important element of body image. Treatments used in cosmetic dermatology (hygiene, hydration, protection, repair) aim to enhance the characteristics of the skin, its anatomy, its function, and its vitality, to produce aesthetic improvements. Communication with the patient is essential in medical consultations and we believe that it has special connotations in cosmetic dermatology that must be taken into account. In this article, we present a 3-pillar model for communication with cosmetic dermatology patients that rests on 3 skills: assertiveness, empathy, and critical judgement


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estética , Dermatología/instrumentación , Dermatología/tendencias , Comunicación , Imagen Corporal , Guías como Asunto , Aptitud , Asertividad , Empatía , Motivación
20.
J Vet Med Educ ; 46(4): 545-554, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756150

RESUMEN

Despite the critical influence of motivation on education and work outcomes, little is known about the motivations driving people to become and remain veterinarians. This qualitative study explored the career motivations stated by Australian veterinary graduates (n = 43) using a free-response Ten Statements Test (TST) at graduation, with follow-up interviews 6-8 months later (n = 10). TST responses were coded using an alternate inductive-deductive approach that tested their fit against existing theories of motivation. Results showed that the stated motivations were predominantly oriented to perceived value, rather than self-beliefs such as expectancy of success. About a quarter of the statements were animal-related, principally themed around intrinsic animal orientation (e.g., I like animals) or extrinsic animal-related purpose (e.g., I want to help animals). However, many non-animal themes also emerged, including both intrinsic (e.g., love of learning, challenge/problem solving, variety, social relatedness) and extrinsic (e.g., helping people, social contribution, career opportunity) motivations. Interview data revealed a motivational narrative of early formative influences, with some interviewees describing a later transition toward more people- or goal-oriented motivations. This exploratory study, outlining a broad taxonomy of veterinary career motivations and their alignment to self-determination theory in particular, may provide a useful framework for exploring career motivations in veterinary education.


Asunto(s)
Selección de Profesión , Educación en Veterinaria , Veterinarios , Animales , Australia , Humanos , Motivación
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