Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 19.605
Filtrar
1.
Cult. cuid ; 28(68): 7-20, Abr 10, 2024. tab, ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-VR-407

RESUMEN

La relación de la pérdida significativa de un ser queridoy el alcoholismo ha minimizado las implicaciones sobremecanismos de afrontamientos para generar conductassaludables. Este artículo se basa en entrevistas semiestructuradasa profundidad en hombres de entre 30 y 70 años, conmás de 10 años en Alcohólicos Anónimos del Estado deTamaulipas, México. El objetivo fue reflexionar sobre lossignificados de la pérdida significativa de un ser querido yel alcoholismo. En la búsqueda del significado, se explicaque un factor que lleva al alcoholismo no es una sola pérdidasignificativa de personas queridas, sino un cúmulo tambiende pérdidas materiales y no materiales, se reflejaron recursoslimitados para afrontar las pérdidas, la relación entre lapérdida significativa con el alcoholismo fue mediado pordos principales aspectos, las creencias sobre los efectos queproduce el consumo de alcohol como formas de escapar de larealidad y las influencia de la familia al inicio del consumode alcohol. Por otra parte, la presencia de lo espiritual, laconciencia y las emociones que experimentan durante suproceso de duelo y alcoholismo, los llevó a identificar elproblema de la adicción, que permitió influir en el procesode rehabilitación.(AU)


A relação entre a perda significativa de um ente querido e oalcoolismo tem minimizado as implicações nos mecanismosde enfrentamento para gerar comportamentos saudáveis.Este artigo é baseado em entrevistas semiestruturadas emprofundidade com homens entre 30 e 70 anos, com mais de10 anos em Alcoólicos Anônimos no Estado de Tamaulipas,México. O objetivo foi refletir sobre os significados da perdasignificativa de um ente querido e do alcoolismo. Na buscade sentido, explica-se que um fator que leva ao alcoolismonão é uma única perda significativa de entes queridos, mastambém um acúmulo de perdas materiais e imateriais,recursos limitados foram refletidos para enfrentar as perdas,a relação entre a perda significativa com o alcoolismo foimediada por dois aspectos principais, as crenças sobre osefeitos que o consumo de álcool produz como formas defuga da realidade e a influência da família no início doconsumo de álcool. Por outro lado, a presença do espiritual,da consciência e das emoções que vivenciam durante oprocesso de luto e alcoolismo, levaram-nos a identificar oproblema da dependência, o que lhes permitiu influenciaro processo de reabilitação.(AU)


The relationship between the significant loss of a lovedone and alcoholism has minimized the implications oncoping mechanisms to generate healthy behaviors. Thisarticle is based on in-depth semi-structured interviews withmen between the ages of 30 and 70, with more than 10years in Alcoholics Anonymous in the State of Tamaulipas,Mexico. The objective was to reflect on the meanings of the significant loss of a loved one and alcoholism. In thesearch for meaning, it is explained that a factor that leadsto alcoholism is not a single significant loss of loved ones,but also an accumulation of material and non-materiallosses, limited resources were reflected to face the losses,the relationship between the loss significant with alcoholismwas mediated by two main aspects, beliefs about the effectsthat alcohol consumption produces as ways of escapingfrom reality and the influence of the family at the beginningof alcohol consumption. On the other hand, the presenceof the spiritual, the conscience and the emotions that theyexperience during their mourning process and alcoholism,led them to identify the problem of addiction, which allowedthem to influence the rehabilitation process.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Alcoholismo/mortalidad , Pesar , Factores de Riesgo , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas , Muerte , México , Enfermería
2.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 36(4): 199-201, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568145

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Despite the best efforts of modern health care and critical care providers, many patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) will still die each year. The need for palliative care services in the ICU is common. Although specialty palliative care services provide excellent care and are a tremendous resource, every critical care provider should be able to provide the basics of palliative care themselves through the model of primary palliative care. Although it may be uncomfortable for the critical care provider at first, providing palliative care to our ICU patients can be a very rewarding experience. In this article, I discuss best practices for handling difficult conversations with patients and their families, helping patients and families make difficult decisions regarding the goals of care, and managing symptoms at the end of life.


Asunto(s)
Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Cuidados Críticos , Muerte
3.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 310, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570758

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The anticipatory prescribing of injectable controlled drugs (ICDs) by general practitioners (GPs) to care home residents is common practice and is believed to reduce emergency hospital transfers at the end-of-life. However, evidence about the process of ICD prescribing and how it affects residents' hospital transfer is limited. The study examined how care home nurses and senior carers (senior staff) describe their role in ICDs prescribing and identify that role to affect residents' hospital transfers at the end-of-life. METHODS: 1,440 h of participant observation in five care homes in England between May 2019 and March 2020. Semi-structured interviews with a range of staff. Interviews (n = 25) and fieldnotes (2,761 handwritten A5 pages) were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Senior staff request GPs to prescribe ICDs ahead of residents' expected death and review prescribed ICDs for as long as residents survive. Senior staff use this mechanism to ascertain the clinical appropriateness of withholding potentially life-extending emergency care (which usually led to hospital transfer) and demonstrate safe care provision to GPs certifying the medical cause of death. This enables senior staff to facilitate a care home death for residents experiencing uncertain dying trajectories. CONCLUSION: Senior staff use GPs' prescriptions and reviews of ICDs to pre-empt hospital transfers at the end-of-life. Policy should indicate a clear timeframe for ICD review to make hospital transfer avoidance less reliant on trust between senior staff and GPs. The timeframe should match the period before death allowing GPs to certify death without triggering a Coroner's referral.


Asunto(s)
Casas de Salud , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Investigación Cualitativa , Hospitales , Muerte
4.
Lakartidningen ; 1212024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591840

RESUMEN

The WHO definition of paediatric palliative care (PPC) emphasises the role of active multidimensional care, carried out with interdisciplinary competence, and providing support to the entire family. The aim of the current national study was to investigate whether parents perceived that their child received palliative care (PC) before the child died of cancer and the parent's view of the care during the child's last month of life. In 2016, parents (n=226) completed a study-specific survey, and a majority reported that their child had received PC with good professional competence. However, many parents reported that the child was greatly affected by pain in the last month of life. Geographical differences indicated that parents who live in sparsely populated areas to a lesser extent reported that their child received PC. Lastly, our conclusion is that access to equal PPC and improved symptom control is crucial for children and their families.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Niño , Humanos , Padres , Neoplasias/terapia , Dolor , Muerte
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7829, 2024 04 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570550

RESUMEN

The immunotropic effects of aldosterone might play a role in COVID-19, as SARS-CoV-2 reportedly uses angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptors as an entry point into cells. Aldosterone function is closely linked to its action on mineralocorticoid receptors in kidneys; it increases the renal retention of sodium and the excretion of potassium, which increases blood pressure. Despite the large number of studies examining the effect of Ang-II and its blockers on the course of COVID-19 infection, there is still uncertainty about the role of aldosterone. The aim of the study was to assess the correlation of aldosterone, urea, creatinine, C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) levels with 28 days of mortality in patients treated for COVID19 in an intensive care unit (ICU). This cross-selection study involved 115 adult patients who were divided into two groups: those who died within a 28-day period (n = 82) and those who survived (n = 33). The correlation of aldosterone, urea, creatinine, C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) levels with 28 days of mortality in patients treated for COVID-19 were performed. The patients' age, sex, scores from the APACHE II, SAPS II, and SOFA scales and comorbidities like HA, IHD and DM were also analyzed. Remarkably, the individuals who survived for 28 days were of significantly lower mean age and achieved notably lower scores on the APACHE II, SAPS II, and SOFA assessment scales. Statistically significantly higher CRP levels were observed on days 3, 5, and 7 in individuals who survived for 28 days. Creatinine levels in the same group were also statistically significantly lower on days 1, 3, and 5 than those of individuals who died within 28 days. The investigation employed both univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models to explore factors related to mortality. In the univariate analysis, variables with a p value of less than 0.50 were included in the multivariate model. Age, APACHE II, SAPS II, and SOFA demonstrated significance in univariate analysis and were considered to be associated with mortality. The outcomes of the multivariate analysis indicated that age (HR = 1.03, p = 0.033) served as a robust predictor of mortality in the entire study population. In conclusion the plasma aldosterone level is not associated with ICU mortality in patients with COVID-19. Other factors, including the patient's age, creatinine or CRP contribute to the severity and prognosis of the disease. This study was retrospectively registered in the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR) with registration no. ACTRN12621001300864 (27/09/2021: https://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=382563&isReview=true ).


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Sepsis , Adulto , Humanos , Aldosterona , Polipéptido alfa Relacionado con Calcitonina , Proteína C-Reactiva , Creatinina , Sepsis/metabolismo , Curva ROC , SARS-CoV-2 , Australia , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Pronóstico , Muerte , Urea , Estudios Retrospectivos
6.
N Engl J Med ; 390(13): 1250, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598596
7.
N Engl J Med ; 390(13): 1249-1250, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598595
8.
N Engl J Med ; 390(13): 1250-1251, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598597
9.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(5): 273, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587665

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Health service use is most intensive in the final year of a person's life, with 80% of this expenditure occurring in hospital. Close involvement of primary care services has been promoted to enhance quality end-of-life care that is appropriate to the needs of patients. However, the relationship between primary care involvement and patients' use of hospital care is not well described. This study aims to examine primary care use in the last year of life for cancer patients and its relationship to hospital usage. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in Victoria, Australia, using linked routine care data from primary care, hospital and death certificates. Patients were included who died related to cancer between 2008 and 2017. RESULTS: A total of 758 patients were included, of whom 88% (n = 667) visited primary care during the last 6 months (median 9.1 consultations). In the last month of life, 45% of patients were prescribed opioids, and 3% had imaging requested. Patients who received home visits (13%) or anticipatory medications (15%) had less than half the median bed days in the last 3 months (4 vs 9 days, p < 0.001, 5 vs 10 days, p = 0.001) and 1 month of life (0 vs 2 days, p = 0.002, 0 vs 3 days, p < 0.001), and reduced emergency department presentations (32% vs 46%, p = 0.006, 31% vs 47% p < 0.001) in the final month. CONCLUSION: This study identifies two important primary care processes-home visits and anticipatory medication-associated with reduced hospital usage and intervention at the end of life.


Asunto(s)
Muerte , Neoplasias , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Hospitales , Neoplasias/terapia , Victoria , Atención Primaria de Salud
11.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (60): 135-160, Mar. 2024.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-230476

RESUMEN

El objeto de este trabajo es contribuir al desarrollo conceptual de la categoría jurídica del cadáver en razón a la dificultad que representa la dualidad de sujeto–objeto y que eventualmente puede generar una desprotección al mismo. El estudio se limita a las legislaciones de España y Colombia, cuya regulación, además de estar estrechamente relacionada en sus orígenes, es similar en muchos aspectos. La hipótesis sostenida es que el cadáver es una sustancia corpórea que contiene información personal y en virtud de ello, la bioética se convierte en una fuente útil para su tratamiento y regulación.(AU)


L'objecte d'aquest treball és contribuir al desenvolupament conceptual de la categoria jurídica del cadàver en raó a la dificultat que representa la dualitat de subjecte–objectei que, eventualment, pot generar una des protecció a aquest. L'estudi es limita a les legislacions d'Espanya i Colòmbia, que a més d'estar estretament relacionada en els seus orígens, és similar en molts aspectes. La hipòtesi sostinguda és que el cadàver és una substància corpòria que conté informació personal i en virtut d'això, la bioètica es converteix en una font útil per al seu tractament i regulació.(AU)


The purpose of this work is to contribute to the conceptual development of the legal category of the corpse because of the difficulty represented by the duality of subject–object, which can eventually generate a lack of protection for the corpse. The study is limited to the legislation of Spain and Colombia, whose regulations, in addition to being closely related in their origins, are similar in many aspects. The hypothesis sustained is that the corpse is a corporeal substance that contains personal informationand by this, bioethics becomes a useful source of bioethical principles for its treatment and regulation.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Cadáver , Muerte , Cuerpo Humano , Bioética , España , Colombia , Discusiones Bioéticas
13.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 721, 2024 Mar 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448863

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Filial piety, as a major traditional norm in Chinese culture and in Chinese families, affects the attitudes and behaviors of adult children toward their parents and impacts their end-of-life decision-making and the quality of death of their parents. Death literacy is a novel concept aimed at promoting palliative care in the context of public health. AIMS: To understand attitudes and behaviors related to filial piety and to examine the role of death literacy in filial behaviors toward dying parents among residents in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area of China. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey that employed the convenient and snowball sampling methods was adopted. Filial Piety Representations at Parents' End of Life Scale and Death Literacy Index were used. RESULTS: This study identified a significant gap between the filial piety attitudes and behaviors of Chinese adult children. Gender, caregiving experience and death literacy were predictors of filial behaviors in an end-of-life context. CONCLUSION: Providing truth disclosure support, offering guidance to young adult children and caregivers of terminally ill fathers, and strengthening factual and community knowledge of death are necessary to enhance the reciprocal comfort of both adult children and dying parents in the context of Chinese filiality.


Asunto(s)
Muerte , Alfabetización , Adulto Joven , Humanos , Hong Kong , Macao , Estudios Transversales , China
14.
J Korean Med Sci ; 39(8): e75, 2024 Mar 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442718

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the mortality rates of patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to analyze the relationship between COVID-19 and clinical outcomes for patients receiving ECMO. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated patients with COVID-19 pneumonia requiring ECMO in 19 hospitals across Korea from January 1, 2020 to August 31, 2021. The primary outcome was the 90-day mortality after ECMO initiation. We performed multivariate analysis using a logistic regression model to estimate the odds ratio (OR) of 90-day mortality. Survival differences were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier (KM) method. RESULTS: Of 127 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia who received ECMO, 70 patients (55.1%) died within 90 days of ECMO initiation. The median age was 64 years, and 63% of patients were male. The incidence of ECMO was increased with age but was decreased after 70 years of age. However, the survival rate was decreased linearly with age. In multivariate analysis, age (OR, 1.048; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.010-1.089; P = 0.014) and receipt of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) (OR, 3.069; 95% CI, 1.312-7.180; P = 0.010) were significantly associated with an increased risk of 90-day mortality. KM curves showed significant differences in survival between groups according to age (65 years) (log-rank P = 0.021) and receipt of CRRT (log-rank P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Older age and receipt of CRRT were associated with higher mortality rates among patients with COVID-19 who received ECMO.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Oxigenación por Membrana Extracorpórea , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Femenino , COVID-19/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Muerte , Factores de Riesgo
15.
Cancer Med ; 13(4): e7057, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457240

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Inpatient cost for cancer patients is high during the last year of life, but reasons for this are not understood. We aim to understand the type of hospital admissions and inpatient services associated with an increase in inpatient cost in last year of life. METHODS: We used survey and billing records of 439 deceased patients with a solid metastatic cancer, enrolled in a prospective cohort study. Based on cost per day of inpatient admissions, we classified admissions as low- or high-intensity. We decomposed the inpatient cost into cost for different inpatient services. We examined the inpatient cost in the last year of life. We also assessed patient characteristics associated with higher inpatient cost in the next 3 months. RESULTS: Towards death, proportion of inpatient cost for "maintenance care" increased while that for intensive care unit (ICU) and surgeries decreased. Low-intensity, compared to high-intensity admissions had a higher proportion of cost for "maintenance care" and a lower proportion for surgeries and ICU. Number of low-intensity admissions increased more steeply towards death than high-intensity admissions. Both admission types contributed equally to the share of inpatient cost. Older patients were less likely to have a high-intensity admission (ß:-0.01, CI: -0.02, 0.00). Greater preference for life extension (ß: 0.06, CI: 0.01, 0.11) and inaccurate prognostic belief were associated with higher cost of high-intensity admissions (ß: 0.32, CI: 0.03, 0.62). CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that inpatient costs in last year of life may be reduced if maintenance care is availed in low-cost settings such as hospice/palliative care alongside steps to reduce non-beneficial surgeries and ICU admissions.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Pacientes Internos , Estudios Prospectivos , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Hospitalización , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Muerte , Estudios Retrospectivos
16.
MMW Fortschr Med ; 166(4): 11, 2024 03.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453835
17.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 68, 2024 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459473

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to characterize the need for palliative care and its effect on patients with end-stage disease in the emergency department (ED). DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. A questionnaire survey was administered to patients with end-stage disease who were admitted to the resuscitation room of the ED and expected to live less than 6 months. RESULTS: A total of 82 of 2095 patients admitted to the resuscitation room were included. Only 1 (1.22%) patient had ever received palliative care before admission. Nine patients received palliative care consultation after admission, and they were more likely to select medical places of death accompanied by their families and do not resuscitate orders at the end of life after consultation (P < 0.05). Whether the disease had previously been actively treated and the number of children impacted the choice of treatment at the end of life (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with end-stage disease admitted to the ED, knowledge of palliative care was lacking. Palliative care could help them avoid the damage caused by pointless resuscitation.


Asunto(s)
Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Cuidados Paliativos , Niño , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Órdenes de Resucitación , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Muerte , Estudios Retrospectivos
18.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 231, 2024 Mar 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492095

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Enhanced communication in end-of-life care (EOL) improves preparation and treatment decisions for patients with advanced cancer, affecting their quality of life at the end of life. Question prompt list (QPL) has been shown to enhance physician-patient communication in patients with cancer, but there is a lack of systematic review and meta-analysis for those with advanced cancer. Enhanced communication in end-of-life care improves preparation and treatment decisions for patients with advanced cancer, affecting their quality of life at the end of life. OBJECTIVE: To review the effectiveness of QPL intervention on physician-patient communication and health outcomes during consultation in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, and PsycINFO databases were undertaken using inclusion criteria for relevant articles up to August 2021. Pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects models. We used the Cochrane risk-of-bias assessment tool and modified Jadad scale to assess the quality of the studies. RESULTS: Seven RCTs with 1059 participants were included, of which six studies were eligible for the meta-analysis. The pooled meta-analysis results indicated that QPL in patients with advanced cancer had a significant positive effect on the total number of questions asked (SMD, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.28 to 1.18; I2 = 83%) and on the patients' expectations for the future (SMD, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.08 to 1.25; I2 = 88%). There were no significant improvements in health-related outcomes such as end of life, anxiety, and quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Using QPL in advanced cancer consultations boosts patient questions which helps communication but not health-related indicators. Optimal results depend on full reading, but timing varies. Future research should examine the relationship between communication and health outcomes, including patient/physician behavior and social context.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Participación del Paciente , Comunicación , Neoplasias/terapia , Muerte , Relaciones Médico-Paciente
19.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 73, 2024 Mar 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486192

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study extended the original Dignity Therapy (DT) intervention by including partners and family caregivers (FCs) of terminally-ill cancer patients with the overall aim of evaluating whether DT can mitigate distress in both patients nearing the end of life and their FCs. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized controlled trial (RCT), a total of 68 patients with life expectancy < 6 months and clinically-relevant stress levels (Hospital Anxiety Depression total score; HADStot ≥ 8) including their FCs were randomly assigned to DT, DT + (including their FCs), or standard palliative care (SPC) in a 1:1:1 ratio. Study participants were asked to complete a set of questionnaires pre- and post-intervention. RESULTS: The coalesced group (DT and DT +) revealed a significant increase in patients' perceived quality of life (FACIT-Pal-14) following the intervention (mean difference 6.15, SD = 1.86, p < 0.01). We found a statistically significant group-by-time interaction effect: while the HADStot of patients in the intervention group remained stable over the pre-post period, the control group's HADStot increased (F = 4.33, df = 1, 82.9; p < 0.05), indicating a protective effect of DT. Most patients and their FCs found DT useful and would recommend it to other individuals in their situation. CONCLUSIONS: The DT intervention has been well-received and shows the potential to increase HRQoL and prevent further mental health deterioration, illness burden and suffering in terminally-ill patients. The DT intervention holds the potential to serve as a valuable tool for facilitating end-of-life conversations among terminally-ill patients and their FCs. However, the implementation of DT within the framework of a RCT in a palliative care setting poses significant challenges. We suggest a slightly modified and less resource-intensive version of DT that is to provide the DT inventory to FCs of terminally-ill patients, empowering them to ask the questions that matter most to them over their loved one's final days. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with Clinical Trial Registry (ClinicalTrials.gov -Protocol Record NCT02646527; date of registration: 04/01/2016). The CONSORT 2010 guidelines were used for properly reporting how the randomized trial was conducted.


Asunto(s)
Distrés Psicológico , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidado Terminal/métodos , Cuidadores/psicología , Enfermo Terminal/psicología , Muerte
20.
S Afr Med J ; 114(2): e1937, 2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525566
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...