Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 21.191
Filtrar
1.
Barbarói ; (58): 195-217, jan.-jun. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-1150846

RESUMEN

O presente artigo tem como objetivo traçar um paralelo entre o movimento feminista e o movimento antimanicomial procurando pontos de convergência e divergência entre ambos, a fim de verificar suas possíveis articulações. Para isso, por meio de revisão bibliográfica, busca-se contextualizar os movimentos sociais e realizar a análise histórica de ambos, afim de esclarecer suas motivações, formas de atuação na luta por direitos e atendimento de demandas dos sujeitos envolvidos com pretensões de alcançar transformações sociais. Dessa forma, o material discute as confluências e divergências entre o movimento feminista e antimanicomial, na tentativa de ampliar e construir o debate acadêmico acerca do assunto, que se transforma diariamente, de modo democrático e dialético. À guisa de conclusão, considera-se a necessidade de constituir novas formas de pensar sobre nossa condição histórica, com intuito de que isso possibilite a criação de estratégias de reinvenção e recriação constante de coletivos de luta e que promovam movimentos de resistências aos poderes instituídos que submetem mulheres e sujeitos em sofrimento psíquico, com objetivos de constituir mudanças e responsabilização social para que os absurdos tolerados por parcela considerável da sociedade não se reproduzam.(AU)


The present study aims to draw a parallel between the feminist and the anti-asylum movements looking for convergence and divergence points between both, in order to verify their possible articulations. To do so, through bibliographic review, it seeks to contextualize the social movements and carry out the historical analysis of both, in order to clarify their motivations, ways of acting in the fight for rights and meeting the demands of the subjects involved with the pretensions of achieving social transformations. This way, this paper discusses the confluences and divergences between the feminist and anti-asylum movement, in an attempt to broaden and build the academic debate on the subject, which changes daily, in a democratic and dialectical way. By way of conclusion, it is considered the need to constitute new ways of thinking about our historical condition, in order to allow the creation of strategies of constant reinvention recreation of fight collectives and that it promotes resistance movements against instituted powers which subject women and individuals in psychological distress, with the goal to constitute changes and social responsability so that the absurdities tolerated by a considerable part of society are not reproduced.(AU)


El presente estudio tiene como objetivo comprender las posibles conexiones entre el movimiento feminista y el movimiento contra el asilo buscando puntos de convergencia y divergencia entre ambos, con el fin de verificar sus posibles articulaciones. Para esto, a través de la revisión bibliográfica, se busca contextualizar los movimientos sociales y realizar el análisis histórico de ambos para aclarar sus motivaciones, formas de actuar en la lucha por los derechos y atender las demandas de los sujetos involucrados con las pretensiones de logrando transformaciones sociales. De esta manera, este trabajo discute las confluencias y divergencias entre el feminismo y el movimiento contra el asilo, en un intento por ampliar el debate académico sobre el tema, que cambia a diario, de manera democrática y dialéctica. En conclusión, consideramos la necesidad de establecer nuevas formas de pensar sobre nuestra condición histórica, con la intención de posibilidad de creación de estrategias de reinvención y recreación constante de la lucha colectiva y que promueva movimientos de resistencia a los poderes establecidos que someten a las mujeres y individuos en malestar psicológico, con fines constitutivos de cambios y responsabilidad social para que no se reproduzcan los absurdos tolerados por una parte considerable de la sociedad.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Mujeres , Salud Mental , Feminismo , Capitalismo , Normas Sociales
2.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-48073

RESUMEN

Mulheres com imunossupressão, vivendo com HIV/Aids, transplantadas e portadoras de cânceres, com até 45 anos de idade já podem tomar a vacina HPV. A imunossupressão é reconhecida como um dos principais fatores de risco para infecção pelo HPV e para o desenvolvimento de lesões tumorais e verrugas genitais.


Asunto(s)
Vacunación , Papillomaviridae , Mujeres
3.
J Aging Stud ; 56: 100907, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712092

RESUMEN

In this piece I argue that the pandemic with its emphasis on social distancing as a desirable civic norm can reconfigure popular understanding of mature female singlehood in India- a condition that is often described in the language of lacks and social failures. The pandemic, I argue, has reaffirmed the everyday practices of upper middle-class professional women (ages 50-60 years) lending them as positive agentic subjects who are invested in self-actualization and an appreciation of intimate solitude. Overall, by specifically focusing on subjectivities and social aspirations of my interlocutors during the pandemic, I illuminate ways in which middle aged selfhood is lived in all its fragility, ambivalence and emergent possibilities.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Estado Civil/estadística & datos numéricos , Cuarentena/psicología , Estigma Social , Mujeres/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , India , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Physiother Theory Pract ; 37(3): 359-375, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719835

RESUMEN

Background: The history of physiotherapy in Germany dates back to the mid-nineteenth century, when German physicians discovered Swedish medical gymnastics as a therapeutic treatment modality. From the early 20th century onwards, physiotherapy slowly began to establish itself as a field of activity specifically for women of the middle classes who provided assistive services to medical doctors.Method: Extensive overview of published and unpublished research on the history of German physiotherapy as well as select primary sources from the 19th and 20th centuries. Additionally reference is made to historical research regarding the emergence of the physical culture and life reform movements, as well as on gender research regarding upper and middle class female employment opportunities in the social and health care sector. Findings: This study outlines the two leitmotifs of physiotherapy's incorporation into the medical sector (i.e. medicalisation) and its (self-)image as a "female profession" (i.e. feminisation) as two intertwined historical phenomena shaping the critical period when physiotherapy assumed its role as a health profession in Germany. These developments from the mid-19th to the mid-20th centuries resulted in the emergence of a "female profession" with a distinct focus on the role of movement as a treatment modality.Discussion: Critical engagement with a handed down professional self-image is needed. On the basis of my historiographical overview, I suggest a future research agenda which would result in a more appropriate understanding of early physiotherapists in Germany as historical agents.


Asunto(s)
Fuerza Laboral en Salud/historia , Fisioterapia/historia , Rehabilitación/historia , Mujeres/historia , Femenino , Alemania , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Factores Sexuales
5.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 116(3): 613-616, 2021 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657045

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The proportion of women editorial board members and authors of editorials in major gastroenterology journals is not known. METHODS: We determined the sex of editorial board members (n = 2,282) and authors of editorials (n = 1,705) across 6 journals from 1985 to 2020 at 5-year intervals. RESULTS: The proportion of women editorial board members increased from 2.9% in 1985 to 19.8% in 2020 (P < 0.0001) and women authors of editorials increased from 0% in 1985 to 22.2% in 2020 (P < 0.0001). DISCUSSION: The proportion of women represented over time has improved, but opportunities likely exist to improve further.


Asunto(s)
Autoria , Gastroenterología , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Bibliometría , Femenino , Humanos , Mujeres
6.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 39(1): [E06], 15 febrero 2021. table 1, Figure1
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1151092

RESUMEN

Objective. To analyze the theoretical interfaces of violence against women in the nursing undergraduate curricula of public Higher Education Institutions in Brazil. Methods. Documentary and descriptive study with a qualitative approach. The documentary search happened through the access to the E-mec website for the identification of public Higher Education Institutions for undergraduate nursing degree in Brazil. The menus available online from educational institutions that contained the terms "woman" and "violence" were analyzed. Data processing took place using the IraMuTeQ software, and they were analyzed using the Descending Hierarchical Classification technique. Results. The analysis by the software resulted in an important degree of utilization (72.95%), since, of the 244 segments of texts from the menus, 178 were retained. The analysis by the Descending Hierarchical Classification resulted in four thematic categories: Violence against women as a pathological process linked to sexual and reproductive health; Women's Health: Care, epidemiological, social and cultural aspects; Gender as an analytical category; and Children's and Adolescents' Care. Conclusion. It was found a connection between the terms "woman" and "violence" to the sexual and reproductive aspects of women (physiological and pathological natures) susceptible to intervention; however, the gender approach is recognized as an analytical category for understanding the vulnerabilities of the female audience to illness and violence.


Objetivo. Analizar las interfaces teóricas de la violencia contra la mujer en los planes de estudios de pregrado en enfermería de las instituciones públicas de educación superior en Brasil. Métodos. Estudio documental descriptivo con abordaje cualitativo. La búsqueda documental se realizó a través del acceso al sitio web E-mec para la identificación de instituciones públicas de educación superior para pregrado en enfermería en Brasil. Se analizaron los menús disponibles en línea de las instituciones educativas que contenían los términos "mujer" y "violencia". El procesamiento de los datos se llevó a cabo mediante el software IraMuTeQ y se analizó mediante la técnica de Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente. Resultados. El análisis por el software resultó en un grado importante de utilización (72.95%), ya que, de los 244 segmentos de textos de los menús, se retuvieron 178. El análisis por la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente mostró cuatro categorías temáticas: violencia contra la mujer como proceso patológico vinculado a la salud sexual y reproductiva; salud de la mujer: aspectos asistenciales, epidemiológicos, sociales y culturales; género como categoría analítica y Atención a la Niñez y Adolescencia. Conclusión. Hubo una conexión entre los términos "mujer" y "violencia" con los aspectos sexuales y reproductivos de las mujeres (de naturaleza fisiológica y patológica) sujetas a intervención, sin embargo, el enfoque de género se reconoce como una categoría analítica para comprender las vulnerabilidades de las mujeres a la enfermedad y la violencia


Objetivo. Analisar nos currículos de graduação em enfermagem de Instituições de Ensino Superior públicas no Brasil as interfaces teóricas do tema violência contra as mulheres. Métodos. Estudo de análise documental, descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa. A busca documental ocorreu por meio do acesso ao site E-mec para identificação de Instituições de Ensino Superior públicas de graduação em Enfermagem no Brasil. Foram analisadas as ementas disponíveis online das instituições de ensino que continham os termos "mulher" e "violência". O processamento dos dados se deu no software IraMuTeQ e foram analisados pela técnica de Classificação Hierárquica Descendente. Resultados. A análise pelo software resultou em importante grau de aproveitamento (72.95%), visto que, dos 244 segmentos de textos oriundos das ementas, foram retidos 178. A análise pela Classificação Hierárquica Descendente resultou em quatro categorias temáticas: Violência contra as mulheres como processo patológico vinculado à saúde sexual e reprodutiva; Saúde das Mulheres: Aspectos assistenciais, epidemiológicos, sociais e culturais; Gênero como categoria analítica e Atenção à Criança e Adolescentes. Conclusão. Constatou-se uma conexão dos termos "mulher" e "violência" aos aspectos sexuais e reprodutivos das mulheres (de cunho fisiológico e patológico) passíveis de intervenção, contudo, a abordagem de gênero é reconhecida como categoria analítica para a compreensão das vulnerabilidades do público feminino ao adoecimento e à violência.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Violencia , Mujeres , Salud de la Mujer , Enfermería , Educación en Enfermería
8.
Am J Manag Care ; 27(2): e32-e33, 2021 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577157

RESUMEN

The fall season was accompanied by an urgent warning from the CDC of an impending "twindemic" of coronavirus disease 2019 and influenza. Despite the warnings, Black women are not lining up for vaccinations.


Asunto(s)
Afroamericanos/etnología , Disparidades en Atención de Salud/etnología , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/etnología , Vacunación , Mujeres , Femenino , Humanos , New York , Poblaciones Vulnerables
13.
Med Care ; 59: S23-S30, 2021 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438879

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The extent to which female veterans are willing to seek Veterans Health Administration (VHA) and non-VHA care when they are suicidal or experiencing mental health (MH) concerns is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: (1) examine whether current, past, and never VHA using female veterans' willingness to seek VHA care differs from their willingness to seek non-VHA care if suicidal or experiencing MH symptoms; (2) examine if VHA use, military sexual trauma, and suicidal ideation and attempt are associated with female veterans' willingness to use VHA and non-VHA care when experiencing suicidal thoughts or MH symptoms. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional anonymous survey. SUBJECTS: Four hundred thirty nine female veterans, including current, past, and never VHA users were included. MEASURES: General Help-Seeking Questionnaire, Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview, and the VA Military Sexual Trauma Screening Questions. RESULTS: Current VHA users reported more willingness to use VHA than non-VHA care; conversely, past and never VHA users reported less willingness to use VHA care relative to non-VHA care. Military sexual assault and none or past VHA use were associated with lower willingness to use VHA care if suicidal or experiencing MH symptoms. In contrast, those with none or past VHA use reported greater willingness to use non-VHA care if suicidal or experiencing MH symptoms, while prior suicide attempt was associated with lower willingness. CONCLUSIONS: Ensuring that acceptable and effective suicide prevention services are available to female veterans in both VHA and community settings is critical. Increasing help-seeking intentions among female veterans who have attempted suicide or experienced military sexual assault is also essential.


Asunto(s)
Conducta de Búsqueda de Ayuda , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Suicidio/prevención & control , Veteranos/psicología , Mujeres/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Utilización de Instalaciones y Servicios , Femenino , Humanos , Servicios de Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos , Servicios de Salud para Veteranos
14.
Med Care ; 59: S58-S64, 2021 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438884

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Suicide prevention is a public health priority, but risk factors for suicide after medical hospitalization remain understudied. This problem is critical for women, for whom suicide rates in the United States are disproportionately increasing. OBJECTIVE: To differentiate the risk of suicide attempt and self-harm following general medical hospitalization among women with depression, bipolar disorder, and chronic psychosis. METHODS: We developed a machine learning algorithm that identified risk factors of suicide attempt and self-harm after general hospitalization using electronic health record data from 1628 women in the University of California Los Angeles Integrated Clinical and Research Data Repository. To assess replicability, we applied the algorithm to a larger sample of 140,848 women in the New York City Clinical Data Research Network. RESULTS: The classification tree algorithm identified risk groups in University of California Los Angeles Integrated Clinical and Research Data Repository (area under the curve 0.73, sensitivity 73.4, specificity 84.1, accuracy 0.84), and predictor combinations characterizing key risk groups were replicated in New York City Clinical Data Research Network (area under the curve 0.71, sensitivity 83.3, specificity 82.2, and accuracy 0.84). Predictors included medical comorbidity, history of pregnancy-related mental illness, age, and history of suicide-related behavior. Women with antecedent medical illness and history of pregnancy-related mental illness were at high risk (6.9%-17.2% readmitted for suicide-related behavior), as were women below 55 years old without antecedent medical illness (4.0%-7.5% readmitted). CONCLUSIONS: Prevention of suicide attempt and self-harm among women following acute medical illness may be improved by screening for sex-specific predictors including perinatal mental health history.


Asunto(s)
Hospitalización , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Conducta Autodestructiva/psicología , Intento de Suicidio/psicología , Aprendizaje Automático Supervisado , Mujeres/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Algoritmos , Estudios de Cohortes , Registros Electrónicos de Salud , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Readmisión del Paciente , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Adulto Joven
15.
Med Care ; 59: S77-S83, 2021 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438887

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Female veterans experience interpersonal violence (ie, physical and sexual violence) more often than male veterans and nonveteran females. There is limited knowledge of types of interpersonal violence across the lifespan in relation to suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Prior research has also focused on those accessing the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. OBJECTIVE: This study examined if physical and sexual violence at differing time points (ie, premilitary, during military service) were associated with suicidal ideation and a suicide attempt at subsequent time points. We anticipated that violence would be associated with an increased risk of suicidal ideation and attempt; however, given limited prior research, we were uncertain which types of violence and time points would be associated with risk. RESEARCH DESIGN: Data from a cross-sectional national survey. SUBJECTS: A total of 407 female veterans using, formerly using, or who never used VHA care. MEASURES: Suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, physical violence, and sexual violence were assessed. RESULTS: Premilitary sexual, but not physical, violence was associated with military suicidal ideation. Both premilitary and military sexual and physical violence were associated with postmilitary suicidal ideation. Premilitary and military sexual, but not physical, violence were associated with a postmilitary suicide attempt. These results were maintained after accounting for VHA use. A significant model for military suicide attempt was not generated. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of premilitary and military sexual violence among female veterans is warranted within the context of suicide risk assessment and prevention. Preventing sexual violence among female veterans may be important for preventing suicidal ideation and attempt.


Asunto(s)
Abuso Físico/psicología , Delitos Sexuales/psicología , Ideación Suicida , Intento de Suicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Veteranos/psicología , Mujeres/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Tiempo
16.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(1): e2030832, 2021 01 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427883

RESUMEN

Importance: The proportion of women and underrepresented racial and ethnic groups (UREGs) matriculating into general cardiology fellowships remains low. Objective: To assess a systematic recruitment initiative aimed at ensuring adequate matriculation of women and UREGs in a general cardiology fellowship. Design, Setting, and Participants: This quality improvement study took place at a large, tertiary academic medical center and associated Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Cardiovascular Disease fellowship. Participants included cardiology fellowship and divisional leadership and general cardiology fellow applicants to the Duke Cardiovascular Disease Fellowship Program from 2017 to 2019. Data analysis was performed from December 2019 to May 2020. Exposure: Multipronged initiative that created an environment committed to ensuring equity of opportunity. This included the creation of a fellowship diversity and inclusivity task force that drafted recommendations, which included reorganization of the fellowship recruitment committee, and changes to the applicant screening process, the interview day, applicant ranking process, and postmatch interventions. Main Outcomes and Measures: The percentage of matriculating and overall women and UREGs before and after the interventions were recorded. Results: The fellowship received a mean (SD) of 462 (55) applications annually before the interventions (2006-2016) and 611 (27) applications annually after the interventions (2017-2019). Between the 10-year period before the interventions and the 3-year period during the interventions, there was a significant increase in the annual mean (SD) percentage of women (22.4% [2.9%] vs 26.4% [0.07%]; P < .001) and UREG applicants (10.5% [1.1%] vs 12.5% [1.9%]; P = .01) to the program. Among applicants interviewed, the percentage of women increased from 20.0% to 33.5% (P = .01) and that of and UREGs increased from 14.0% to 20.0% (P = .01). Before the interventions, a mean (SD) of 23.2% (16.2%) women and 9.7% (7.8%) UREGs matriculated as first-year fellows, whereas after the interventions, a mean (SD) of 54.2% (7.2%) women and 33.3% (19.0%) UREGs matriculated as first-year fellows. The proportion of the entire fellowship who were women increased from a 5-year mean (SD) of 27.0% (8.8%) to 54.2% (7.2%) after 3 years of interventions, and that of UREGs increased from 5.6% (4.6%) to 33.3% (19.0%). Overall, the proportion of applicants in the entire population who were either women or from UREGs increased from 27.8% to 66.7%. Conclusions and Relevance: After implementing interventions to promote equity of opportunity in the cardiovascular disease fellowship, the percentage of women and UREGs significantly increased in the fellowship over a 3-year time period. These interventions may be applicable to other cardiovascular disease fellowships seeking to diversify training programs.


Asunto(s)
Cardiología , Grupos de Población Continentales/estadística & datos numéricos , Grupos Étnicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Becas , Cardiología/educación , Cardiología/organización & administración , Diversidad Cultural , Becas/organización & administración , Becas/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupos Minoritarios/estadística & datos numéricos , North Carolina , Universidades , Mujeres
17.
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 51(3): 33346, 21 jan. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147701

RESUMEN

El presente estudio ha tenido como objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática y meta-análisis sobre alteraciones en funciones cognitivas en mujeres maltratadas. Se ha contado con una muestra inicial de 643 registros obtenidos de las bases de datos: Medline, ERIC, PsycInfo, CNAIL, Proquest y Scielo. Su análisis llevó a la retención de 12 artículos sobre los que se ha centrado el estudio. Los resultados de la síntesis cualitativa indican que la atención, lenguaje, memoria, habilidades visoespaciales, función ejecutiva, velocidad motora y rendimiento educativo se encuentran alteradas en las mujeres maltratadas, con mayor evidencia de deterioro en las áreas de atención, memoria y funciones ejecutivas. Los resultados del meta-análisis sugieren presencia de daño cerebral en estas mujeres y una especial afectación de la memoria y funciones ejecutivas. Estos resultados avalan la existencia de alteraciones en funciones cognitivas en las mujeres que han sido víctimas de maltrato.


O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão sistemática e meta-análise das alterações nas funções cognitivas em mulheres agredidas. Para arealização do estudo, foi utilizada uma amostra inicial de 643 registos nas bases de dados: Medline, ERIC, PsycInfo, CNAIL, Proquest e Scielo. O procedimentode seleção levou à retenção de 12 artigos nos quais o estudo se centrou. Os resultados da síntese qualitativa indicam que a atenção, a linguagem, a memória, as habilidades visuoespaciais, a função executiva, a velocidade motora e o desempenho educacional estão alterados em mulheres agredidas, com maior evidência de deterioração nas áreas de atenção, memória e funções executivas.Os resultados da meta-análise sugerem a presença de dano cerebral nessas mulheres e um comprometimento especial da memória e das funções executivas. Estes resultados sustentam a existência de alterações nas funções cognitivas das mulheres vítimas de abuso.


The present study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on alterations in cognitive functions in battered women. We selected an initial sample of 643 records obtained from the databases: Medline, ERIC,PsycInfo, CNAIL, Proquest and Scielo. Following the study selection procedureled to the retention of 12 articles on which the study has focused. The results of the qualitative synthesis indicate that attention, language, memory, visuospatial skills, executive function, motor speed and educational performance are altered in battered women, with greater evidence of deterioration in the areas of attention, memory and executive functions. The results of the meta-analysis suggest presence of brain damage in these women and a special affectation of the memory and executive functions. These results support the existence of alterations in cognitive functions in women who have been victims of abuse.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Mujeres Maltratadas , Mujeres/psicología , Violencia Doméstica
18.
J Homosex ; 68(4): 560-576, 2021 Mar 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428564

RESUMEN

Social media serves as a key mechanism for sexual minority young adults to connect with peers and to learn about COVID-19. We utilized focus groups to explore how sexual minority gender expansive college women (N= 28) engage with social media, including alcohol-related content on social networking sites. Two focus groups were held in-person during the month before the campus closed on March 10, 2020 due to a shelter-in-place mandate. Focus groups were then moved online, and also assessed how engagement with social media, including alcohol-related content, changed in response to COVID-19 at one month and two months into shelter-in-place. Using social media to connect with sexual and gender minority (SGM) content and community was a prominent theme across the three cohorts of data collection. Social drinking via social networking sites became increasingly prominent during shelter-in-place as a way to combat isolation, boredom, and the general stress of coping with COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Normas Sociales , Mujeres , /psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Grupo Paritario , Conducta Social , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Red Social , Universidades , Adulto Joven
19.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(1): e2033769, 2021 01 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433600

RESUMEN

Importance: Lung cancer incidence and mortality disproportionately affect women and racial/ethnic minority populations, yet screening guidelines for the past several years were derived from clinical trials of predominantly White men. To reflect current evidence, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has revised the eligibility criteria, which may help to ameliorate sex- and race/ethnicity-related disparities in lung cancer screening. Objective: To determine the changes associated with the revised USPSTF guideline for lung cancer screening eligibility among female, Black, and Hispanic populations using a large nationwide survey. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study included respondents to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System who were 50 to 80 years of age with a smoking history in 19 states that used the optional lung cancer screening module. The change in eligibility among female, male, Black, Hispanic, and White participants was examined. Eligibility by sex and race/ethnicity was compared with a reference population. Data were collected from January 1, 2017, to December 31, 2018, and analyzed from May 8 to June 11, 2020. Exposures: Self-reported sex, race/ethnicity, age, and smoking history. Main Outcomes and Measures: Lung cancer screening eligibility using the revised USPSTF criteria. The previous criteria included current or past smokers (within 15 years) who were 55 to 80 years of age and had a smoking history of more than 30 pack-years. In the revised criteria, age was modified to 50 to 80 years; smoking history, to 20 pack-years. Results: Among 40 869 respondents aged 50 to 80 years with a smoking history, 21 265 (52.0%) were women, 3430 (8.4%) were Black, and 1226 (30.0%) were Hispanic (mean [SD] age, 65.6 [7.9] years). The revised criteria increased eligibility for the following populations: men (29.4% to 38.3% [8.9% difference]; P < .001), women (25.9% to 36.4% [10.5% difference]; P < .001), White individuals (31.1% to 40.9% [9.8% difference]; P < .001), Black individuals (16.3% to 28.8% [12.5% difference]; P < .001), and Hispanic individuals (10.5% to 18.7% [8.2% difference]; P < .001). The odds of eligibility were lower for women compared with men (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.88; 95% CI, 0.79-0.99; P = .04) and for Black (AOR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.33-0.56; P < .001) and Hispanic populations (AOR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.62-0.80; P < .001) compared with the White population. Conclusions and Relevance: The revised USPSTF guideline may likely increase lung cancer screening rates for female, Black, and Hispanic populations. However, despite these potential improvements, lung cancer screening inequities may persist without tailored eligibility criteria.


Asunto(s)
Grupos Étnicos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Tamizaje Masivo/normas , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto , Mujeres , Comités Consultivos , Estudios Transversales , Detección Precoz del Cáncer , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupos Minoritarios , Estados Unidos
20.
J Homosex ; 68(4): 631-646, 2021 Mar 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439793

RESUMEN

Sexual minority women (SMW; e.g., lesbian, bisexual, queer) are at increased risk for heavy/hazardous drinking and marijuana use, which may be exacerbated by stress associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to mitigate its spread (e.g., sheltering at home). To explore their experiences and perceptions of alcohol and marijuana use in the context of COVID-19, qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with a diverse sample of 16 SMW from a longitudinal study who previously reported being at least moderate drinkers to explore their experiences and perceptions of alcohol and marijuana use during the pandemic. We used descriptive phenomenological analysis to explore data from the interviews. Participants described how their alcohol/marijuana use intersected with the complex and changing context of the pandemic, revealing four themes: 1) losing and creating routine; 2) seeking recreation and relief; 3) connecting, reconnecting, and disconnecting; and 4) monitoring alcohol and marijuana use boundaries. Findings highlight the importance of fostering community supports and possible interventions informed by the experiences of SMW.


Asunto(s)
Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas , Homosexualidad Femenina , Uso de la Marihuana , Pandemias , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Mujeres/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Bisexualidad , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Persona de Mediana Edad
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...