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1.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 322, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589787

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of elderly individuals worldwide, a greater number of people aged 80 years and older sustain fragility fracture due to osteopenia and osteoporosis. METHODS: This retrospective study included 158 older adults, with a median age of 85 (range: 80-99) years, who sustained hip fragility fracture and who underwent surgery. The patients were divided into two groups, one including patients who joined the post-acute care (PAC) program after surgery and another comprising patients who did not. The mortality, complication, comorbidity, re-fracture, secondary fracture, and readmission rates and functional status (based on the Barthel index score, numerical rating scale score, and Harris Hip Scale score) between the two groups were compared. RESULTS: The patients who presented with fragility hip fracture and who joined the PAC rehabilitation program after the surgery had a lower rate of mortality, readmission rate, fracture (re-fracture and secondary fracture), and complications associated with fragility fracture, such as urinary tract infection, cerebrovascular accident, and pneumonia (acute coronary syndrome, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, or in-hospital cardiac arrest. CONCLUSIONS: PAC is associated with a lower rate of mortality and complications such as urinary tract infection, bed sore, and pneumonia in octogenarian and nonagenarian patients with hip fragility fracture.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Neumonía , Infecciones Urinarias , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Atención Subaguda , Octogenarios , Nonagenarios , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía
3.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 52(2): 145-152, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642349

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Aim: To demonstrate the impact of individual exercise training on the course of the disease, exercise tolerance and quality of life (QoL) in patients over 75 years after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Study included octogenarians after ACS randomly assigned into two groups: a training group (ExT) subjected to individualized physical training and a control group (CG) with standard recommendations for activity. Patients underwent exercise tolerance test (ETT), 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), NHP and QoL questionnaires evaluation, lab tests, ECG, echocardiographic examination at the beginning and after 2, 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: Results: Study included 51 patients, mean age 80 years, 50% men, all patients completed the study. Initial physical capacity was comparable in both groups. After 2-month training the average ETT exercise time increased by 12.5% (p=0.0004), the load increased by 13% (p=0.0005) and the 6-MWT results improved by 8.3% (p=0.0114). Among CG these changes were not significant. But 6 and 12 months after training cessation 6-MWT results returned to the initial values (p=0.069, p=0.062 respecitvely). Average ETT exercise time and average load decreased significantly after 12 months (p=0.0009, p=0.0006). Level of pain was significantly lower at the end of the training in ExT group (p=0.007), but it returned to initial 12 months later (p=0.48). QoL deteriorated significantly in the ExT group 12 months after training cessation (p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Cardiac rehabilitation in octogenarians after ACS was safe and improved physical performance in a short period of time. Cessation of training resulted in a loss of achieved effects and deterioration of the QoL.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Coronario Agudo , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Ejercicio Físico , Prueba de Esfuerzo , Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Octogenarios , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida
5.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1682024 03 05.
Artículo en Holandés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512279

RESUMEN

Intensive care unit (ICU) treatment can be associated with substantial suffering of patients, and those over eighty years old carry a much worse prognosis than younger ICU patients. Nevertheless, in the Netherlands we admit many people over the age of eighty to the ICU. Is this good practice? Whilst some elderly people may benefit, others don't. ICU treatment without mechanical ventilation is associated with less suffering, can still lead to a good outcome, and thus can often be justified in patients over eighty years. Full ICU treatment including prolonged mechanical ventilation, however, should only be used in selected cases.


Asunto(s)
Octogenarios , Triaje , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Cuidados Críticos , Hospitalización
6.
Int Wound J ; 21(3): e14801, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426365

RESUMEN

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a multi-disciplinary diabetic limb salvage programme in improving clinical outcomes and optimising healthcare utilisation in 406 patients aged ≥80 years with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), compared to 2392 younger patients enrolled from June 2020 to June 2021 and against 1716 historical controls using one-to-one propensity score matching. Results showed that elderly programme patients had lower odds of amputation-free survival (odds ratio: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.47, 0.88) and shorter cumulative length of stay (LOS) compared to younger programme patients (incidence rate ratio: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.29, 0.69). Compared to the matched controls, participating in the programme was associated with 5% higher probability of minor lower extremity amputation, reduced inpatient admissions and emergency visits, shorter LOS but increased specialist and primary care visits (all p-values <0.05). The findings suggest that the programme yielded favourable impacts on the clinical outcomes of patients aged≥80 years with DFUs. Further research is needed to develop specific interventions tailoring to the needs of the elderly population and to determine their effectiveness on patient outcomes while accounting for potential confounding factors.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Pie Diabético , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Amputación Quirúrgica , Pie Diabético/cirugía , Recuperación del Miembro/métodos , Octogenarios , Estudios Retrospectivos
7.
Europace ; 26(3)2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38391186

RESUMEN

AIMS: Data on safety outcomes of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) in elderly patients are limited. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of LAAO between octogenarians (age 80-89) and nonagenarians (age ≥90) vs. younger patients (age ≤79). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the National Inpatient Sample database to identify patients hospitalized for LAAO from 2016 to 2020 and to compare in-hospital safety outcomes in octogenarians and nonagenarians vs. younger patients. The primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital all-cause mortality or stroke. Secondary outcomes included procedural complications, length of stay (LOS), and total costs. Outcomes were determined using logistic regression models. Among 84 140 patients hospitalized for LAAO, 32.9% were octogenarians, 2.8% were nonagenarians, and 64.3% were ≤79 years of age. Over the study period, the volume of LAAO increased in all age groups (all Ptrend < 0.01). After adjustment for clinical and demographic factors, octogenarians and nonagenarians had similar odds of in-hospital all-cause mortality or stroke [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.93-2.13 for octogenarians; aOR 1.69, 95% CI 0.67-3.92 for nonagenarians], cardiac tamponade, acute kidney injury, major bleeding, and blood transfusion, in addition to similar LOS and total costs compared with younger patients (all P > 0.05). However, octogenarians and nonagenarians had higher odds of vascular complications compared with younger patients (aOR 1.47, 95% CI 1.08-1.99 for octogenarians; aOR 1.60, 95% CI 1.18-2.97 for nonagenarians). CONCLUSION: Octogenarians and nonagenarians undergoing LAAO have a similar safety profile compared with clinically similar younger patients except for higher odds of vascular complications.


Asunto(s)
Apéndice Atrial , Fibrilación Atrial , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Anciano , Nonagenarios , Octogenarios , Apéndice Atrial/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Accidente Cerebrovascular/epidemiología , Accidente Cerebrovascular/etiología , Accidente Cerebrovascular/prevención & control , Hospitales , Resultado del Tratamiento , Fibrilación Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilación Atrial/cirugía , Fibrilación Atrial/complicaciones
8.
Am J Cardiol ; 214: 144-148, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306809

RESUMEN

Patients with transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) benefit from disease-modifying agents such as tafamidis. However, the survival benefit of tafamidis in elderly patients (age ≥80 years) is not reported. This study aimed to assess the survival of patients with ATTR-CM aged 80 years and older who were treated with tafamidis compared with patients aged <80 years. We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with ATTR-CM who underwent tafamidis treatment, aged 45 to 97 years at the time of diagnosis between January 1, 2008, and May 31, 2021. A total of 484 patients were included, with 208 in the ≥80 years group and 276 in the <80 years group. The cohort was followed up for mortality outcomes, and hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. After a median follow-up of 18.5 months, 72 deaths were recorded in the entire cohort. Kaplan-Meier curves showed no differences in survival probability between the 2 groups at 30 months (p for log-rank test = 0.76). The survival rates for patients aged ≥80 years who underwent treatment at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years were 94.7%, 86.0%, 77.0%, 77.0%, and 38.5%, respectively. The corresponding rates for patients aged <80 years who underwent treatment were 93.2, 84.8, 74.4, 68.2, and 64.6%, respectively. In the multivariable analysis, the hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) of the mortality comparing treatment patients aged ≥80 years with those aged <80 years was 0.81 (0.41 to 1.61). In conclusion, tafamidis treatment is associated with similar reductions in mortality in older and younger patients with ATTR-CM.


Asunto(s)
Neuropatías Amiloides Familiares , Benzoxazoles , Cardiomiopatías , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Neuropatías Amiloides Familiares/complicaciones , Prealbúmina , Octogenarios , Estudios Retrospectivos , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Cardiomiopatías/tratamiento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatías/complicaciones
9.
World Neurosurg ; 184: e228-e236, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38266996

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Central cord syndrome (CCS) is a traumatic cervical spine injury that is treated with surgical decompression. In octogenarians (80-89), surgeons often opt for conservative management instead due to fears of postoperative complications and prolonged recovery times. This study aims to assess the in-hospital complications and outcomes in octogenarians undergoing surgery compared to those undergoing nonsurgical management for CCS. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank was queried from 2017 to 2019 for octogenarians with CCS. Patients who received surgical fusion or decompression were divided into the surgery group and the remaining into the nonsurgical group. The surgery group was sampled and propensity score matched with the non-surgery group. Student t tests and Pearson χ2 tests were used to test for group differences. RESULTS: A total of 759 octogenarians with CCS were identified. Following sampling and propensity score matching, 225 patients were identified in each group. The surgery group experienced longer intensive care unit (6.8 days vs. 3.21 days, P < 0.001) and hospital (13.79 days vs. 7.8 days, P < 0.001) lengths of stay and higher rates of deep vein thrombosis (4.89% vs. 0.44%, P = 0.02) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (4% vs. 0%, P = 0.02). Patients did not otherwise differ in mortality rate, other hospital complications, and discharge disposition. CONCLUSIONS: Octogenarians undergoing surgery for CCS experience longer length of stay and complications consistent with prolonged hospitalization but otherwise have similar mortality, hospital complications, and discharge disposition compared to non-surgical treatment. Given the relative lack of short-term drawbacks, surgery should be considered first-line management when the long-term benefits are substantive.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome del Cordón Central , Traumatismos Vertebrales , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Octogenarios , Puntaje de Propensión , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tiempo de Internación
10.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 159, 2024 Jan 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297199

RESUMEN

This study was designed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) for male octogenarian patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). Briefly, a total of 57 male octogenarian patients (A group) with bladder carcinoma were enrolled and underwent LRC and intracorporeal pelvic lymph node dissection with bilateral cutaneous ureterostomy from May 2016 to December 2022. Besides, 63 male patients (age < 80 years old) with bladder carcinoma undergoing LRC and 17 octogenarian male patients with bladder carcinoma undergoing open radical cystectomy (ORC) were enrolled in B and C groups as control. All perioperative clinical materials and outcomes of long-term follow-up, and complication were collected. The specific results were shown as follows. Compared with C group, the operation time and resected lymph node in A group was increased, and the estimated blood loss, the number of transfusion needed, duration of pelvic drainage and hospital stay after surgery was decreased. The death rate and ileus complication rate were higher in A group (12 cases) than in C group (15 cases). The cases of ureteral stricture in A group (13 cases) was decreased compared with that in C group. Overall, LRC and bilateral cutaneous ureterostomy are safe, feasible and better choices for the treatment of male octogenarian patients with MIBC. The octogenarian receiving cutaneous ureterostomy heals slowly and exists certain incomplete intestinal obstruction after surgery.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma , Laparoscopía , Neoplasias de la Vejiga Urinaria , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Masculino , Cistectomía/efectos adversos , Cistectomía/métodos , Vejiga Urinaria/patología , Octogenarios , Laparoscopía/efectos adversos , Laparoscopía/métodos , Estudios de Factibilidad , Resultado del Tratamiento , Neoplasias de la Vejiga Urinaria/cirugía , Neoplasias de la Vejiga Urinaria/patología , Carcinoma/cirugía , Músculos/patología
12.
Rev Clin Esp (Barc) ; 224(2): 77-85, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237859

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the risk factors associated with osteoporotic hip fractures in octogenarians and seeks to refine primary prevention strategies for these fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a case-control study involving individuals aged 79 years and older with hip fractures, comparing them to age- and sex-matched controls without a history of hip fractures. We collected epidemiological, clinical, anthropometric, and analytical factors. We evaluated the presence of osteoporosis using bone densitometry. We defined sarcopenia according the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria (EWGSOP2). RESULTS: Ninety-five patients per group were analyzed, with a mean age of 82 years, of which 74% were women. The multivariate analysis included statistically significant factors found in the univariate analysis (p < 0.05). These factors included the Barthel Index, nutritional assessment using the CONUT tool, folic acid, vitamin D deficiency, presence of previous fractures, loss of visual acuity, bicipital circumference, sarcopenia, and osteoporosis (densitometry in the neck of the femur). The Nutritional state (OR: 0.08 [0.01-0.61]), the folic acid levels (OR 0.32 [0.1-1]), and a loss of visual acuity (OR 33.16 [2.91-377.87]) were the independent risk factors associated with hip fracture. CONCLUSIONS: The assessment of nutritional status in elderly patients, coupled with a comprehensive geriatric assessment, represents easily reproducible and cost-effective tools. These tools can effectively aid in identifying individuals at risk of hip fractures, thereby contributing to more targeted and efficient preventive measures.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Osteoporosis , Fracturas Osteoporóticas , Sarcopenia , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Octogenarios , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Sarcopenia/epidemiología , Fracturas Osteoporóticas/etiología , Fracturas Osteoporóticas/complicaciones , Osteoporosis/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera/etiología , Factores de Riesgo , Ácido Fólico/uso terapéutico
13.
J Neurosci Res ; 102(1): e25287, 2024 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38284862

RESUMEN

It has been suggested that substance use disorders could lead to accelerated biological aging, but only a few neuroimaging studies have investigated this hypothesis so far. In this cross-sectional study, structural neuroimaging was performed to measure cortical thickness (CT) in tricenarian adults with cocaine use disorder (CUD, n1 = 30) and their age-paired controls (YC, n1 = 30), and compare it with octogenarian elder controls (EC, n1 = 20). We found that CT in the right fusiform gyrus was similar between CUD and EC, thinner than the expected values of YC. We also found that regarding CT of the right inferior temporal gyrus, right inferior parietal cortex, and left superior parietal cortex, the CUD group exhibited parameters that fell in between EC and YC groups. Finally, CT of the right pars triangularis bordering with orbitofrontal gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, and right precentral gyrus were reduced in CUD when contrasted with YC, but those areas were unrelated to CT of EC. Despite the 50-year age gap between our age groups, CT of tricenarian cocaine users assembles features of an octogenarian brain, reinforcing the accelerated aging hypothesis in CUD.


Asunto(s)
Cocaína , Octogenarios , Adulto , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Cabeza
14.
J Geriatr Oncol ; 15(2): 101710, 2024 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38281389

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Esophagectomy is the treatment of choice for esophageal cancer. In octogenarians data is conflicting. We evaluated postoperative outcomes and long-term survival of octogenarians and their younger counterparts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database including consecutive patients with esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy at a large referral, academic center between 2012 and 2021. Subgroups were designed according to age (<70, 70-79, and ≥ 80). RESULTS: A total of 359 patients underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer, 223 (62%) aged <70, 107 (30%) aged 70-79 and 29 (8%) aged ≥80. Octogenarians had higher American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] scores (p = 0.001), and fewer received neoadjuvant therapy (p = 0.04). Octogenarians experienced more major complications (P < 0.001) with significantly higher 30-day mortality rate (P = 0.001). In a multivariable analysis, major complications were associated with higher risk of being discharged to a rehabilitation center (odds ratio [OR] 14.839, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.921-44.747, p < 0.001) while age was not. Overall survival was reduced in octogenarians, with a 50th percentile survival of 10 months compared to 32 and 26 months in patients age < 70 and 70-79, respectively (p = 0.014). In a multivariable analysis, age ≥ 80 (hazard ratio [HR] 4.478 95% CI 2.151-9.322, p < 0.001), cancer stage (HR 1.545, 95% CI 1.095-2.179, p = 0.013), and postoperative major complications (HR 2.705 95% CI 1.913-3.823, p < 0.001) were independently associated with reduced survival. DISCUSSION: Our study showed that octogenarians had significantly higher postoperative major complications compared to younger age groups. Overall survival was significantly reduced in these patients, probably due to an increased rate of perioperative mortality. Better patient selection and preparation may improve postoperative outcomes and increase long-term survival.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Esofagectomía , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Octogenarios , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Edad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Resultado del Tratamiento
15.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 31(3): 1568-1580, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38071721

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive sub-lobectomy is sufficient in treating small early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, comparison of the feasibility and oncologic efficacy between robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS) and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in performing sub-lobectomy for early-stage NSCLC patients age 80 years or older is scarce. METHODS: Octogenarians with clinical stage IA NSCLC (tumor size, ≤ 2 cm) undergoing minimally invasive wedge resection or segmentectomy at Shanghai Chest Hospital from 2011 to 2020 were retrospectively reviewed from a prospectively maintained database. Propensity score-matching (PSM) with a RATS versus VATS ratio of 1:4 was performed. Perioperative and long-term outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: The study identified 594 patients (48 RATS and 546 VATS patients), and PSM resulted in 45 cases in the RATS group and 180 cases in the VATS group. The RATS patients experienced less intraoperative bleeding (60 mL [interquartile range (IQR), 50-100 mL] vs. 80 mL [IQR, 50-100 mL]; P = 0.027) and a shorter postoperative hospital stay (4 days [IQR, 3-5 days] vs. 5 days [IQR, 4-6 days]; P = 0.041) than the VATS patients. The two surgical approaches were comparable concerning other perioperative outcomes and postoperative complications (20.00% vs. 26.11%; P = 0.396). Additionally, during a median follow-up period of 66 months, RATS and VATS achieved comparable 5-year overall survival (90.48% vs. 87.93%; P = 0.891), recurrence-free survival (83.37% vs. 83.18%; P = 0.782), and cumulative incidence of death. Further subgroup comparison also demonstrated comparable long-term outcomes between the two approaches. Finally, multivariate Cox analysis indicated that the surgical approach was not independently correlated with long-term outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The RATS approach shortened the postoperative hospital stay, reduced intraoperative bleeding by a statistically notable but clinically insignificant amount, and achieved long-term outcomes comparable with VATS in performing sub-lobectomy for octogenarians with early-stage small NSCLC.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Robótica , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas/patología , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Octogenarios , Puntaje de Propensión , Neumonectomía , China , Cirugía Torácica Asistida por Video/métodos
17.
JACC Heart Fail ; 12(1): 150-160, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37943223

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Tafamidis was approved to treat patients with transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) on the basis of findings from the phase 3 Tafamidis in Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trial (ATTR-ACT). OBJECTIVES: This study was a post hoc analysis exploring tafamidis efficacy in octogenarian patients. METHODS: Analysis of patients aged <80 and ≥80 years in ATTR-ACT and its ongoing open-label long-term extension (LTE) study, where all patients receive tafamidis. RESULTS: After 30 months in ATTR-ACT, least squares (LS) mean change from baseline in 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration, and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire Overall Summary (KCCQ-OS) score were smaller (all P < 0.05) in patients aged ≥80 years treated with tafamidis (n = 51) vs placebo (n = 37). At the LTE study interim analysis, patients aged ≥80 years treated continuously with tafamidis had a smaller decline in KCCQ-OS score (P < 0.05) and trended toward longer median survival (45 vs 27 months; all-cause mortality HR: 0.6828 [95% CI: 0.4048-1.1517]; P = 0.1526) than those initially treated with placebo in ATTR-ACT. Similar efficacy was observed in patients aged <80 years in ATTR-ACT, including smaller LS mean change from baseline in 6MWT distance, NT-proBNP concentration, and KCCQ-OS score, and lower rate of cardiovascular-related hospitalizations with tafamidis (n = 125) vs placebo (n = 140). In the LTE study, patients aged <80 years treated continuously with tafamidis had a longer median survival (80 vs 41 months; HR = 0.4513 [95% CI: 0.3176-0.6413]; P < 0.0001) and a smaller decline in KCCQ-OS score than those initially treated with placebo. CONCLUSIONS: The findings demonstrate tafamidis efficacy for patients with ATTR-CM both in those aged <80 and those aged ≥80 years. (Tafamidis in Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trial [ATTR-ACT]; NCT01994889/Long-term Safety of Tafamidis in Subjects With Transthyretin Cardiomyopathy; NCT02791230).


Asunto(s)
Neuropatías Amiloides Familiares , Cardiomiopatías , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Neuropatías Amiloides Familiares/tratamiento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatías/tratamiento farmacológico , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/tratamiento farmacológico , Octogenarios , Prealbúmina , Ensayos Clínicos Fase III como Asunto
18.
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol ; 34(1): 155-160, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37378735

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The demand for simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SiBTKA) in older adults is expected to increase with an aging population, thus necessitating evaluating its efficacy and safety. However, there is limited information regarding the clinical outcomes of SiBTKA in older adults, particularly in octogenarians. We aimed to assess the clinical outcomes and safety of SiBTKA in Japanese patients aged ≥ 80 years. METHODS: Of the 176 consecutive knees that underwent SiBTKA between July 2016 and January 2022 at our hospital, 172 were selected. They were divided into two groups according to the patient age as follows: the octogenarian group (≥ 80 years, 74 knees) and the younger control group (< 80 years, 98 knees). In addition, we assessed their preoperative clinical information, clinical outcomes using the Knee Society Score for knee (KSS-K) and function (KSS-F), and the incidence of early (≤ 90 days) and late (> 90 days) postoperative complications. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 3.5 years. The KSS-K scores of both groups improved postoperatively than that preoperatively. Both preoperative and postoperative KSS-F scores were lower in the octogenarians; however, their improvement rates were similar to those of the younger controls. We observed no significant intergroup differences in early or late postoperative complications, including infection, systemic complications, periprosthetic fractures, aseptic loosening, and mortality. CONCLUSION: SiBTKA for octogenarians had clinical outcomes and postoperative complication incidence similar to that for younger controls. Therefore, SiBTKA may be a safe and effective treatment option for octogenarians with painful bilateral knee deformities.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Anciano , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla/efectos adversos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Octogenarios , Japón , Articulación de la Rodilla , Resultado del Tratamiento , Dolor/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología
19.
ANZ J Surg ; 94(1-2): 181-186, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37772450

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Australian population is ageing, with an increasing number of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer in their eighth decade. This group represents a challenging cohort to deliver multidisciplinary care, with increased morbidity and mortality related to surgical and oncological therapies. This project aimed to compare surgical and oncological outcomes in octogenarian and non-octogenarian patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: A matched case-control retrospective review of a prospectively maintained institutional database of colorectal cancer patients treated between 2005 and 2021 was conducted. Patient demographics, treatment details, peri-operative complications, and long-term survival were reported. The primary outcome, cancer-specific survival, was investigated using time-to-event analysis and interrogated with multivariate regression. RESULTS: There were 747 patients included in the study. There was no difference in five-year cancer-specific survival and recurrence-free survival between cohorts. Multivariate analysis for octogenarians confirmed a significant hazard signal associated with worsening cancer stage and a survival benefit associated with the administration of adjuvant therapy. However, we noted that stage-matched octogenarian patients received less adjuvant treatment compared to non-octogenarians. CONCLUSION: Octogenarians undergoing treatment for colorectal cancer have similar cancer-specific survival and recurrence-free survival to non-octogenarians. Our study demonstrates a survival benefit when adjuvant therapy is provided to octogenarians, despite only half of this cohort receiving therapy compared to their younger peers. Further research into adjuvant therapy with surgical resection for CRC in older Australians is required.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Pueblos de Australasia , Neoplasias Colorrectales , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Anciano , Octogenarios , Australia/epidemiología , Neoplasias Colorrectales/patología , Adenocarcinoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Quimioterapia Adyuvante , Resultado del Tratamiento
20.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 56(2): 719-730, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37542000

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The utilization of creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) equations in the adult population is acknowledged. Nevertheless, the appropriateness of creatinine-based eGFR in septuagenarians and octogenarians is debatable. This study evaluates the creatinine-based equations in Chinese septuagenarians and octogenarians cohorts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study employed a retrospective design, utilizing a review of the hospital medical records system to identify 347 hospitalized participants within the Division of Geriatrics or the Division of Nephrology. These participants underwent renal dynamic imaging with 99 m Tc-DTPA and serum creatinine testing. Comparison of the equations was performed, including the full age-spectrum equation (FAS-Cr equation), European Kidney Function Consortium equation (EKFC equation), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation for Asian (Asian CKD-EPI equation), Xiangya equation, and Lund-Malmö revised equation (LMR equation). RESULTS: Most equations tended to underestimate GFR. The FAS-Cr equation had the smallest interquartile range (IQR), while the Asian CKD-EPI equation (mGFR ≥ 30) and Xiangya equation (mGFR < 30) had the biggest IQRs. The FAS-Cr equation had the highest overall P30 of 63.98%, while the Asian CKD-EPI equation had the highest P30 of 75.64% in mGFR ≥ 60. The Xiangya equation, on the other hand, reported the lowest P30 of 36.36% in mGFR < 30. We discovered similar patterns in root-mean-square error (RMSE) as P30. GFR category misclassification rates in the entire cohort ranged from 46.11 to 49.86% for all equations. The FAS-Cr equation exhibited an advantage in octogenarians over other equations in the GFR category misclassification with mGFR lower than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2. CONCLUSION: None of the creatinine-based equations in this study could perform well regarding precision, accuracy, and CKD stages' classification for the Chinese elderly. Nevertheless, the FAS-Cr equation should be suitable for octogenarians with mGFR lower than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2.


Asunto(s)
Octogenarios , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Adulto , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Anciano , Tasa de Filtración Glomerular , Creatinina , Estudios Retrospectivos , China
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