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1.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 42(1): e5-e9, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481620

RESUMEN

A single missing tooth is a common occurrence among young patients and impacts esthetics and long-term oral health in terms of compromised bone, gum tissue, and, if warranted, an implant and final prosthesis. In this case report, after years of poorly executed orthodontic therapy, the patient's dental growth complicated the development of an esthetically pleasing smile. An interdisciplinary approach was utilized comprising periodontal surgery, a second course of orthodontics, and prosthodontics to provide comprehensive patient care that included evaluation of occlusion and esthetics. Orthodontic treatment was performed to position the teeth in the most esthetic, functionally optimal position. An implant crown in the maxillary left central incisor position and direct bonding on the maxillary right central incisor were indicated to treat a large edentulous area. Final orthodontic treatment achieved a substantial reduction of incisor protrusion and proper mesial-distal distance between the future implant and adjacent teeth. An ideal emergence profile, appealing esthetics, and a provisional restoration were created before the final crown. Optimal alignment of teeth relative to the arch was achieved, and adequate tissue dimensions were created by combining surgical augmentations with provisional restorative therapy.


Asunto(s)
Estética Dental , Pérdida de Diente , Coronas , Humanos , Incisivo , Maxilar , Corona del Diente
2.
Quintessence Int ; 0(0)2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491382

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate implant and patient characteristics 4 to 8 years after implant installation in a study involving immediate fixed restoration of dental implants. Method and materials: The study was a follow-up of treated generalized chronic periodontitis patients who received immediate restorations on dental implants as part of a previous study. The patients were examined clinically and radiographically at implant placement, 6 months, 1 year, and 4 to 8 years later. Supportive periodontal therapy (SPT), teeth and implant probing pocket depth (TPPD and IPPD), bleeding on probing (BOP [teeth, TBOP; implant, IBOP]), and bone level (BL) measurements around implants were documented. Cases were divided into three groups according to annual SPT rate: 0.00 to 0.99/year (SPT0), 1.00 to 1.99/year (SPT1), 2.00 or more/year (SPT2). Results: Twelve patients, with 26 implants and 242 teeth, were included. The mean ±â€¯standard deviation follow-up period was 6.08 ±â€¯1.25 years (range 4.04 to 7.94 years). All implants in the follow-up group were osseointegrated and survived during the follow-up period. The mean number of SPT appointments was 6.17 ±â€¯5.65. A weak negative correlation was found between SPT rate and ΔTPPD (-0.24, P = .0005), whereas a strong negative correlation was found between SPT rate and ΔIPPD (-0.76, P = .0005). Negative correlations were found between SPT rate and ∆TBOP (-0.20, P = .003), and between SPT rate and ∆IBOP (-0.5, P = .009). A moderate correlation was found between SPT rate and ΔBL (0.46, P = .02). Conclusion: SPT has a significant positive effect on PPD, BOP, and on implant BLs in long-term follow-up and should be an essential part of implant therapy.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Periodontitis Crónica , Implantes Dentales , Pérdida de Diente , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Índice Periodontal
3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401662

RESUMEN

We aimed to investigate the association between blood pressure (BP) and tooth loss and the mediation effect of age. A cross-sectional study from a reference dental hospital was conducted from September 2017 to July 2020. Single measures of BP were taken via an automated sphygmomanometer device. Tooth loss was assessed through oral examination and confirmed radiographically. Severe tooth loss was defined as 10 or more teeth lost. Additional study covariates were collected via sociodemographic and medical questionnaires. A total of 10,576 patients were included. Hypertension was more prevalent in severe tooth loss patients than nonsevere tooth lost (56.1% vs. 39.3%, p < 0.001). The frequency of likely undiagnosed hypertension was 43.4%. The adjusted logistic model for sex, smoking habits and body mass index confirmed the association between continuous measures of high BP and continuous measures of tooth loss (odds ratio (OR) = 1.05, 95% CI: 1.03-1.06, p < 0.001). Age mediated 80.0% and 87.5% of the association between periodontitis with both systolic BP (p < 0.001) and diastolic BP (p < 0.001), respectively. Therefore, hypertension and tooth loss are associated, with a consistent mediation effect of age. Frequency of undiagnosed hypertension was elevated. Age, gender, active smoking, and BMI were independently associated with raised BP.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión/epidemiología , Salud Bucal , Pérdida de Diente/epidemiología , Adulto , Presión Sanguínea , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Suiza/epidemiología
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-5, 2021. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1145383

RESUMEN

Objective: One of the most important alterations in elderly is the destruction and loss of teeth and oral mucosal lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of biopsed pathologic lesions in elderly registered in the pathology department of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences during 1989 to 2018 years. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was performed on pathologic lesions in elderly archived in Faculty of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. In this study, all archived information of elderly over 65 years including gender, age, location of lesion, clinical diagnosis, pathology diagnosis, and diagnosis year were evaluated in last three decades, and were analyzed statistically. Results: The age range of elderly patients was 65 to 90 years with a mean of 72.8 ± 4.9. The highest frequency for location of lesions was related to mandibular vestibule (21.1%). The most clinical diagnosed lesions were squamous cell carcinoma (24.5%) and Epulis Fissuratum (13.4%). The highest pathologic diagnosed lesions were related to reactive lesions group (35.6%). The squamous cell carcinoma malignancies and other malignancies were increased significantly in elderly patients with high age. Conclusion: According to the considerable frequency of oral lesions in elderly and increased frequency of squamous cell carcinoma and other malignancies, attention to oral lesions in elderly and periodic examinations are important to early diagnosis and treatment. (AU)


Objetivo: Uma das alterações mais importantes no idoso é a destruição e perda de dentes; e lesões da mucosa oral. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência de lesões patológicas biopsiadas em idosos registrados no departamento de patologia da Universidade de Ciências Médicas de Isfahan durante os anos de 1989 a 2018. Material e métodos: Este estudo transversal descritivo-analítico foi realizado em lesões patológicas em idosos arquivadas na Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de Ciências Médicas de Isfahan. Neste estudo, todas as informações arquivadas de idosos com mais de 65 anos, incluindo sexo, idade, localização da lesão, diagnóstico clínico, diagnóstico patológico e ano do diagnóstico foram avaliadas nas últimas três décadas e foram analisadas estatisticamente. Resultados: A faixa etária dos pacientes idosos foi de 65 a 90 anos, com média de 72,8 ± 4,9. A maior frequência de localização das lesões foi relacionada a região vestibular da mandíbula (21,1%). As lesões mais diagnosticadas clinicamente foram carcinoma espinocelular (24,5%) e Epulis Fissuratum (13,4%). As maiores lesões patológicas diagnosticadas foram relacionadas ao grupo de lesões reativas (35,6%). As neoplasias do carcinoma de células escamosas e outras neoplasias aumentaram significativamente em pacientes idosos com alta idade. Conclusão: Devido à considerável frequência de lesões orais em idosos e ao aumento da frequência de carcinoma espinocelular e outras neoplasias, a atenção às lesões orais em idosos e os exames periódicos são importantes para o diagnóstico e tratamento precoces. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Patología , Biopsia , Anciano , Neoplasias de la Boca , Pérdida de Diente
5.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243232, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326424

RESUMEN

AIM: This study explores the association between Coronary Artery Calcium (CAC) scores and dental pathology such as missing teeth, the (peri-apical) health status and restoration grade of the teeth, and the grade of alveolar bone loss seen on a dental panoramic radiograph (Orthopantomograph-OPG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, data was collected from three hospitals spread in the Netherlands. Patients were included when a CAC score and an OPG were available, both recorded within a maximum period of 365 days from 2009-2017. The CAC score was measured on a CT scan, using the Agatston method. To assess dental pathology, the number of missing teeth, the number of dental implants, alveolar bone loss, caries, endodontic treatments, peri-apical radiolucencies, bone loss at implants, impacted teeth and dental cysts, were determined on the OPG. All observers were calibrated. The electronic health records provided information about: gender, age, smoking, Diabetes Mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and Body Mass Index (BMI). RESULTS: 212 patients were included. We found a statistically significant association between the number of missing teeth and the CAC score. When modeling age, sex, and other well-known risk factors for cardiovascular disease, the significant correlation was no longer present after multivariate correction. Furthermore, the results showed a trend for more teeth with peri-apical lesions and a higher percentage of mean alveolar bone loss in the group with the highest CAC scores. CONCLUSION: This study showed that being edentulous or missing teeth is correlated to higher CAC scores however failed to be an independent predictor of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. The number of (missing) teeth is an easily accessible marker and could be used as a marker for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD) risk by almost any healthcare worker. The current study needs to be considered as an explorative pilot study and could contribute to the design of further (prospective) studies on the relationship between dental pathology and coronary artery calcification by adding clinical information and extra cardiovascular biomarkers.


Asunto(s)
Calcinosis/etiología , Calcio/análisis , Vasos Coronarios/patología , Pérdida de Diente/complicaciones , Adulto , Anciano , Aterosclerosis/etiología , Aterosclerosis/patología , Calcinosis/patología , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/etiología , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/patología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proyectos Piloto , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Pérdida de Diente/patología
6.
Evid Based Dent ; 21(4): 120-121, 2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339967

RESUMEN

Data sources MEDLINE (PubMed), Web of Science and Cochrane Library in September 2019.Study selection Cross-sectional and cohort studies that explored the relationship between smoking cessation and tooth loss.Data extraction and synthesis The reviewers extracted data and contacted authors if relevant data were missing. Risk of bias was assessed using modified versions of the Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) for both cohort and cross-sectional studies. For cross-sectional studies, random-effects model was used to assess the outcome (tooth loss). Estimates were presented as odds ratios (with 95% confidence interval). For cohort studies, random-effects model was also used to compare former and current smokers to never smokers. The estimates were presented as risk ratio (with 95% confidence interval). Heterogeneity was tested for both types of studies.Results Twenty-one studies were included in the review (14 cross-sectional and seven cohort). Of the cross-sectional studies, five studies were of low risk of bias while seven and two studies were of moderate and high risk of bias respectively. Former vs current smokers showed no significant difference in all levels of tooth loss. Of the cohort studies, the risk of tooth loss was twice as much for current smokers compared to former smokers.Conclusions There was not a significant difference in tooth loss between former smokers and never smokers. Current smokers are at a higher risk for tooth loss than former smokers.


Asunto(s)
Cese del Hábito de Fumar , Pérdida de Diente , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Fumar/efectos adversos , Pérdida de Diente/prevención & control
7.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(6): 616-621, 2020 Dec 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377336

RESUMEN

With the advance of materials and technologies, modern oral implantology developed rapidly. Dental implant has become the first choice to restore the missing teeth. Although it achieves a high success rate among healthy adults, for elderly patients, with the decline of physical function and other systemic diseases, the risks of implant treatment increase accordingly. Doctors should pay more attention to the factors that may affect the implant treatment of the elderly and ways of preventing possible risks and complications. Here we discuss the specificity, success rate, effect of systemic diseases and drug considerations of implant treatments in elderly patients.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Pérdida de Diente , Adulto , Anciano , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Humanos
8.
Prim Dent J ; 9(3): 40-43, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323064

RESUMEN

Across the globe the population is ageing. In addition, older patients are retaining increasing numbers of natural teeth into old age. Therefore, clinicians are faced with the challenges of managing chronic dental diseases, including caries and periodontal disease, alongside replacing missing units. A number of treatment options are available to replace missing teeth for such patients with large numbers currently receiving removable partial dentures. Alternative approaches to treatment should be considered for this population group, including functionally orientated tooth replacement according to the principles of the shortened dental arch concept. In correctly chosen cases, this approach can provide patients with an acceptable, functional and aesthetic reduced dentition. Additionally, evidence suggests that such an approach can significantly reduce the maintenance burden for patients and clinicians which can ultimately deliver a more cost effective solution compared to removable alternatives.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Arcada Parcialmente Edéntula , Enfermedades Periodontales , Pérdida de Diente , Caries Dental/terapia , Humanos
9.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 814-818, 2020 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171552

RESUMEN

Due to the highly predictable long-term clinical outcomes, modern implant dentistry has become one of the most preferred treatment modalities for restoring missing teeth. However, the complications of implant therapy compromise the long-term implant success and remain a great challenge to clinicians. Hardware complications include the mechanical complications which are related to the manufacturer-fabricated components of the prosthesis, such as abutment/screw loosening, fracture and implant fracture; and the technical complication which are related to laboratory-fabricated components of the prosthesis, such as veneer chipping. The biological complications mainly include peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. It is crucial to figure out how to effectively avoid and manage the complications of implant therapy. This article reported the definitions, incidences, risk factors, prevention and treatment of both mechanical and biological complications of implant therapy.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Periimplantitis , Estomatitis , Pérdida de Diente , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Humanos , Periimplantitis/etiología , Periimplantitis/prevención & control
10.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 902-907, 2020 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171566

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the influence of the sleeve lengths and implant lengths on accuracy of static computer-assisted implant surgery (sCAIS). Methods: Twenty-eight models of bilateral mandibular single tooth loss were included. Fifty-five implants were placed under the guidance of sCAIS (Straumann Bone Level 4.1 mm×10 mm). According to the height of metal sleeve of static guide plate, 55 implants were divided into 11 groups (free hand group, 1 mm group, 2 mm group, 3 mm group, 4 mm group, 5 mm group, 6 mm group, 7 mm group, 8 mm group, 9 mm group, 10 mm group), with 5 implants in each group. Eight research models were included. Group with 5 mm sleeve guides were used to place implants of different length, (Straumann Bone Level width 4.1 mm, height was 8 mm, 10 mm and 14 mm), 5 implants in each group. Eighteen patients with mandibular single tooth loss were included in the Department of Oral Implantology, Tianjin Stomatological Hospital from October 2018 to June 2019. There were 10 males and 8 females, 18-46(33.7±7.9) years old. A total of 18 implants were implanted and divided into 3 groups (free hand group, 3 mm group and 5 mm group) with 6 implants in each group. Digital software was used to compare the implant positions before and after implantation. Non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test or one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the results. Results: There was no significant difference in implant vertical deviation between different sleeve height groups (1-10 mm) and free hand group, but the neck deviation in free hand group[(1.04±0.13) mm] was significantly higher than that in different sleeve height groups (1-10 mm) (P<0.05). The tip deviations of free hand group, 1 mm group and 2 mm group [(1.32±0.43), (0.83±0.10) and (0.78±0.11) mm, respectively] was significantly higher than that of 10 mm group [(0.31±0.14) mm](P<0.05). The angle deviation of free hand group and 1 mm group (3.99°±0.85° and 2.59°±0.69°), respectively] was significantly higher than that of 10 mm group (0.61°±0.03°) (P<0.05). The tip deviations of implants in the 14 mm group [(0.83±0.22) mm] was significantly higher than that in the 8 mm and 10 mm groups [(0.44±0.07) and (0.49±0.06) mm, respectively]. Clinical studies showed that there was no significant difference in neck deviation, tip deviation and angle deviation between 3 mm group and 5 mm group (P>0.05), but deviations were significantly lower than those in free hand group (P<0.05). Conclusions: The length of the sleeves has significant influence on the accuracy of the surgical guide. There was no significant difference in accuracy of the implant guide with 3 mm or 5 mm metal sleeves. The vitro study has some limitations and needs further systematic research.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Cirugía Asistida por Computador , Pérdida de Diente , Adolescente , Adulto , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Femenino , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional , Masculino , Mandíbula/cirugía , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867387

RESUMEN

In this retrospective study, we identified risk factors for tooth loss in patients undergoing mid-long-term maintenance therapy. We surveyed 674 maintenance patients for ≥5 years after active treatment who visited a dental clinic between January 2015 and December 2016. Of these, 265 were men (mean age 54.6 ± 8.0 years old) and 409 were women (mean age 54.0 ± 7.9 years old). Study variables included patient compliance, sex, number of teeth lost, cause of tooth loss (dental caries, periodontal disease, root fracture, others, vital or non-vital teeth), age at start of maintenance, number of remaining teeth at start of maintenance, smoking, use of salivary secretion inhibitors, presence of diabetes mellitus, condition of periodontal bone loss, and use of a removable denture. Most lost teeth were non-vital teeth (91.7% of all cases) and the most common cause of tooth loss was tooth fracture (62.1% of all cases). A statistically significant risk factors for tooth loss was number of remaining teeth at the start of maintenance (p = 0.003).


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Enfermedades Periodontales , Fracturas de los Dientes , Pérdida de Diente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Pérdida de Diente/epidemiología
12.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 773-782, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895661

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the mandibular cortical width (MCW) and morphology of the mandibular inferior cortex (MIC) on panoramic views from a large sample of males and females in various age groups by using an automated morphometric grading system for assisting osteoporosis screening. Furthermore, possible predictors and concrete cut-off values to identify the risk for osteoporosis were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MCW, MIC, tooth loss (TL), and alveolar bone loss (ABL) were retrospectively evaluated in 700 panoramic images from dental patients in Hong Kong using commercially available software. To estimate possible predictors for identifying the risk of osteoporosis, age, TL, and ABL were evaluated with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for each gender separately. RESULTS: The age groups 60s (sixties), 70s and 80s showed statistically significant gender differences. For example, a smaller MCW and more MIC Class 3 were found in females. Furthermore, females exhibited a statistically significant increase in TL in the age groups 50 years and above. In males, age, TL or ABL did not correlate with MCW, whereas in females it statistically significantly did. Meanwhile, the correlation between ABL and MCW and MIC was weak for both genders. Concrete cut-off values to identify patients at risk of osteoporosis were 60.15 years and 3.5 missing teeth in females, and 72.55 years in males. CONCLUSION: Age and tooth loss were related to MCW and MIC in the population investigated. An age of ≥60 as well as more than 3.5 teeth lost seem to be indicators for a risk of osteoporosis in Chinese females based on panoramic views using artificial-intelligence-based software.


Asunto(s)
Osteoporosis Posmenopáusica , Osteoporosis , Pérdida de Diente , Absorciometría de Fotón , Densidad Ósea , Femenino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Radiografía Panorámica , Estudios Retrospectivos
13.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 823-831, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895667

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The impact of smoking habits on periodontal treatment has not been clearly elucidated. This study aimed to specify the effects of cigarette consumption and nicotine addiction on periodontal therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective case-control study, 20 moderate smokers and 20 non-smokers with severe periodontitis were examined after initial diagnosis, and non-surgical active and supportive therapies for 1-6 years (mean follow-up = 3.37 years). Fagerström's test of nicotine dependence (FTND) was evaluated at re-examination. Treatment efficacy was assessed by periodontal pocket probing depth (PPD) changes and number of teeth lost per year (TL). Bayesian multilevel and regression analyses were performed at site, tooth, and patient levels. RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of > 3 years including active and supportive periodontal therapies, mean PPD, PPD > 3 mm and PPD > 7 mm percentage reductions were 1.03, 1.48 and 2.57 times statistically significantly less pronounced, respectively, in smokers than in non-smokers. Multilevel analysis showed that the variability of PPD > 7 mm reduction was mainly associated with patient-level factors. Smokers presented a higher risk for periodontitis progression. In smokers, periodontal parameter improvement was less pronounced in the maxilla and molars. The mean TL was related to the FTND score, not to cigarette consumption. Regression analysis did not demonstrate other influences of demographic and periodontal treatment characteristics on treatment outcomes, except patient age. CONCLUSION: Smoking negatively impacted periodontal treatment outcomes at specific tooth sites (deep pockets, maxillary molars) and periodontitis progression, independent of other risk factors.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Diente , Teorema de Bayes , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fumar , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 20(3): 101461, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921381

RESUMEN

ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Association between metabolic syndrome and tooth loss: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Souza ML, Massignan C, Glazer Peres K, Aurélio Peres M. J Am Dent Assoc 2019;150(12):1027-1039.e7. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Government. Foundation for Research and Innovation Support of Santa Catarina State (Brazil), Coordination of Improvement of Higher Level Personnel (Brazil). TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Metabólico , Pérdida de Diente , Brasil , Dentición , Humanos
15.
Prim Dent J ; 9(3): 34-39, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940586

RESUMEN

Improvements in oral health including increased retention of natural teeth have given rise to a partially dentate older population. Replacement of missing natural teeth is important to improve function, aesthetics and quality of life for this patient group. A variety of options are available to replace missing teeth in partially dentate older adults, including fixed, removable and implant retained prostheses. This article will discuss the provision of removable partial dentures including treatment planning and denture design. When planning removable partial dentures, careful attention must be paid to stabilising the patient prior to delivering any prosthesis. Partial dentures should be designed to minimise the potential for plaque accumulation with carefully designed metal based frameworks. Acrylic resin can also be utilised with attention to detail to minimise the risk of damage to delicate supporting tissues. Removable dentures have the advantage that they can be readily added to in the event of further tooth loss which may be particularly relevant for older adults. Partial dentures which optimise support, retention and stability can function very successfully and significantly improve patients' oral health related quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Boca Edéntula , Pérdida de Diente , Anciano , Dentadura Parcial , Humanos , Calidad de Vida
16.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1328-1331, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913176

RESUMEN

It is possible to rehabilitate fully edentulous patients with implantsupported fixed or removable prostheses; however, implantsupported fixed prostheses are the gold standard for patients who not prefer to use removable dentures. This case report, prosthetic rehabilitation of a completely edentulous young patient with an implantsupported fixed hybrid prosthesis using the "Malo Bridge" technique is described. A 18 years old male patient was referred to the clinic with complaints of tooth loss, aesthetics, function, and phonetic. A total of 5 implants were placed in both the jaws. Considering that screw holes may cause aesthetic problems due to the Class III occlusion, these problems have been solved with the implant-supported hybrid prosthesis called Malo bridge. With the Malo Bridge design, the patient's aesthetic, functional and phonetic loss was eliminated, patient comfort and quality of life were improved, and patient expectations were met. It is a viable treatment option to rehabilitate completely edentulous jaws with a cross relationship and increase interarch distance using Malo Bridge to support a fixed prosthesis.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Arcada Edéntula/rehabilitación , Maxilar/cirugía , Calidad de Vida , Pérdida de Diente/psicología , Adolescente , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Retención de Dentadura/instrumentación , Humanos , Arcada Edéntula/cirugía , Masculino , Fonética , Radiografía Panorámica , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
Periodontol 2000 ; 84(1): 124-133, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844410

RESUMEN

Recall sessions are an integral part of supportive periodontal therapy. The aim of the current article is to review the existing evidence to support if and to what extent a predefined frequency of periodontal recall sessions ensures periodontal health and stability. Factors that potentially affect the time interval for recall are described. Moreover, original data on the relevance of residual diseased sites (ie, bleeding pockets) at patient level to predict the progression of periodontitis are presented. Overall, wide heterogeneity was found in the published literature with regards to the proposed supportive periodontal therapy recall frequency once active periodontal therapy has been completed. Available data clearly show that a primary and secondary preventive regimen based on routine supportive periodontal therapy is beneficial to preserve a periodontally healthy dentition and prevent tooth loss. However, convincing evidence regarding the appropriateness, risk-benefit, and cost-effectiveness of different recall intervals is currently scarce. In patients affected by moderate to advanced periodontitis, a supportive periodontal therapy protocol based on a 2-4 month recall interval appears reasonable. Limited data suggest that the amount/proportion of residual diseased sites (intended as pockets or bleeding pockets) and risk assessment tools may be of value in establishing the appropriate recall frequency.


Asunto(s)
Periodontitis/terapia , Pérdida de Diente , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Humanos
18.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(4): 587-598, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32839074

RESUMEN

A boy aged 8 years 11-months with 4 missing teeth in his mandibular arch and with a skeletal Class II pattern was treated with autotransplantation of developing premolars from his maxillary arch with the aid of temporary skeletal anchorage devices. The active treatment duration was 25 months. After treatment, he had a normal occlusion, and his profile was improved. Posttreatment records at 12 months showed stable occlusion and successfully autotransplanted premolars.


Asunto(s)
Anodoncia , Pérdida de Diente , Autoinjertos , Diente Premolar , Niño , Humanos , Masculino , Trasplante Autólogo
19.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(8): 586-590, 2020 Aug 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842351

RESUMEN

Tooth loss is a common disease in the elderly, and periodontitis is the main cause of tooth loss. Alzheimer's disease is a primary degenerative brain disease which etiology remains unknown. The patients often demonstrate cognitive impairment with characteristic neuropathological and neurochemical changes. The present article reviewed the relationship and associated mechanisms between tooth loss and Alzheimer's disease.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Disfunción Cognitiva , Periodontitis , Pérdida de Diente , Anciano , Humanos
20.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(9): 712, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32854872
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