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1.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 22(2): 72, 2021 Feb 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575845

RESUMEN

Since January 2020, the World Health Organization announces COVID-19 outbreak a case of public health emergency of international interest, and declaring it a pandemic on March. Due to the high transmission of this disease, rate precautions have been implemented, such as the use of masks by the population, personal protective equipment (PPE), and safety protocols, mainly to health workers. Thus, we performed a patent review to evaluate the current patents related to the protective mask. The review was carried out in the patent database in the period of May 2019 to May 2020. After the process of screening and eligibility, 563 patents were selected for our analysis according to the aim of the study which used masks such as a PPE against dust particles and pathogens, mostly when it is about airborne transmission, such as viruses and bacteria. Here, an overview of the main materials used in the mask manufacturing and their efficiency was described. The results of the review showed that most of the masks used cotton, nylon, silver fiber fabrics, among others as fabrics to develop the masks. It also makes an analysis of masks composed of nanotechnology which provide high filtration efficiency. Moreover, the review also brought possibilities of masking the population, which already have been done in countries such as China and Korea and ways of sterilization for reuse of PPE during COVID-19 outbreak. Thus, this review can further researchers in the developing of masks to decrease the spread of a pandemic disease. Graphical abstract.


Asunto(s)
Máscaras , Pandemias , Pacientes , Equipo de Protección Personal , Bases de Datos Factuales , Humanos
2.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 35(2): 60-64, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555718

RESUMEN

Presence of support persons enhances patient and family satisfaction. The introduction of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted hospital operations and has reduced visitation. A virtual visitation program was implemented in critical care units to replicate visitation by video chat to ease stress on patients and family members to improve communication.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Telecomunicaciones/normas , Visitas a Pacientes , Actitud del Personal de Salud , /transmisión , Cuidados Críticos/tendencias , Familia/psicología , Humanos , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/organización & administración , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/tendencias , Pandemias/prevención & control , Pacientes/psicología , Telecomunicaciones/tendencias
3.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-48011

RESUMEN

Será incorporada ao Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) uma combinação de medicamentos para o tratamento de pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC). O broncodilatador antagonista muscarínico de longa ação (LAMA) + agonista beta2 adrenérgico de ação longa (LABA) melhoram o fluxo de ar, aliviando sintomas da doença, como a dificuldade para respirar causada pela inflamação e destruição dos alvéolos.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Pacientes
4.
J Clin Ethics ; 32(1): 13-19, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416515

RESUMEN

Pandemic can prompt a variety of human motives, ranging from a desire for security to altruism. In our current perilous times, some patients have voiced a desire to help others. Such action can result in self-peril, and, as a result, their motives may be questioned. One health system now has a pandemic-based advance directive that queries patients about their value preferences regarding care that is directed toward others. Some object to this action because it may evoke patients to altruism. We examine both remote and recent examples of altruism, in which coercion could have played a major role. We next consider concerns based on aspects of the process of "inquiry versus evocation," slippery-slope claims, and inherent manipulation, and conclude that patients should be allowed to be asked about their preferences and values regarding altruism.


Asunto(s)
Altruismo , Pandemias , Pacientes/psicología , Coerción , Humanos , Motivación
5.
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466374

RESUMEN

Psychological distress imposed by the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak particularly affects patients with pre-existing medical conditions, and the progression of their diseases. Patients who fail to keep scheduled medical appointments experience a negative impact on care. The aim of this study is to investigate the psychosocial factors contributing to the cancellation of medical appointments during the pandemic by patients with pre-existing health conditions. Data were collected in eleven Italian hospitals during the last week of lockdown, and one month later. In order to assess the emotional impact of the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak and the subject's degree of psychological flexibility, we developed an ad hoc questionnaire (ImpACT), referring to the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) model. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and the Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ) were also used. Pervasive dysfunctional use of experiential avoidance behaviours (used with the function to avoid thought, emotions, sensations), feelings of loneliness and high post-traumatic stress scores were found to correlate with the fear of COVID-19, increasing the likelihood of cancelling medical appointments. Responding promptly to the information and psychological needs of patients who cancel medical appointments can have positive effects in terms of psychological and physical health.


Asunto(s)
Citas y Horarios , Pacientes/psicología , Distrés Psicológico , Brotes de Enfermedades , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
8.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(1): 135-143, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323001

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This retrospective study investigated the effect of perioperative oral care intervention on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing lung cancer resection, in terms of the length of postoperative hospital stay and the incidence of postoperative respiratory infections. METHODS: In total, 585 patients underwent lung resection for lung cancer, 397 received perioperative oral care intervention, whereas the remaining 188 did not. This study retrospectively investigated the demographic and clinical characteristics (including postoperative complications and postoperative hospital stay) of each group. To determine whether perioperative oral care intervention was independently associated with either postoperative hospital stay or postoperative respiratory infections, multivariate analysis, multiple regression analysis, and multivariate logistic regression analysis were conducted. RESULTS: Parameters significantly associated with a prolonged postoperative hospital stay in lung cancer surgery patients were older age, postoperative complications, increased intraoperative bleeding, more invasive operative approach (e.g., open surgery), and lack of perioperative oral care intervention (standard partial regression coefficient (ß) = 0.083, p = 0.027). Furthermore, older age and longer operative time were significant independent risk factors for the occurrence of postoperative respiratory infections. Lack of perioperative oral care intervention was a potential risk factor for the occurrence of postoperative respiratory infections, although not statistically significant (odds ratio = 2.448, 95% confidence interval = 0.966-6.204, p = 0.059). CONCLUSION: These results highlight the importance of perioperative oral care intervention prior to lung cancer surgery, in order to shorten postoperative hospital stay and reduce the risk of postoperative respiratory infections.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirugía , Periodontitis/terapia , Atención Perioperativa/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio/prevención & control , Adulto , Anciano , Caries Dental/diagnóstico , Empiema/tratamiento farmacológico , Empiema/prevención & control , Femenino , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Pulmón/patología , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicaciones , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Oportunidad Relativa , Salud Bucal , Pacientes , Periodontitis/diagnóstico , Neumonía/tratamiento farmacológico , Neumonía/prevención & control , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/tratamiento farmacológico , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/microbiología , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
9.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(1): 239-246, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346797

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Breast cancer (BC) patients report complex negative emotions, including symptoms of anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). What's more, being diagnosed with cancer also has a negative impact on the patient's family such as additional financial burden and care needs, leading to higher levels of caregiver burden. This study aimed to explore whether dispositional mindfulness could alleviate multiple negative emotions of BC patients and to investigate the mediating effect of caregiver burden on the relationship between the patients' dispositional mindfulness and negative emotions. METHODS: A sample of 230 Chinese BC patients receiving chemotherapy and their caregivers voluntarily participated in the study by completing a set of questionnaires including the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale, the Caregiver Self-assessment Questionnaires, the General Anxiety Symptoms Scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire, and the PTSD Symptom Scale. Structural equation modeling was used to test the relationship between dispositional mindfulness, negative emotions, and caregiver burden. RESULTS: Dispositional mindfulness was significantly and negatively correlated with negative emotions, including anxiety, depression, and PTSD among the BC patients. Structural equation modeling showed that caregiver burden mediated the relation between patients' dispositional mindfulness and negative emotions. CONCLUSION: BC patients with higher levels of dispositional mindfulness showed less negative emotions. The results of the mediation analysis suggested that higher levels of dispositional mindfulness of breast cancer patients could decrease the caregivers' perceived burden and, in turn, relieve patients' negative emotions. Dispositional mindfulness was beneficial to breast cancer patients as well as their caregivers, indicating that mindfulness-based interventions targeting distress in patient-caregiver dyads would be more effective than what interventions for patients alone.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Cuidadores/psicología , Atención Plena/métodos , Pacientes/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Ansiedad/psicología , Atención , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , China , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Personalidad , Psicometría/métodos , Rol , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(1): 255-261, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346798

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence over time of the measured side effects using a self-assessment questionnaire in normal clinical practice. METHODS: The prevalence of symptoms reported by patients on the questionnaire was evaluated over two 1-year periods: from 1 June 2006 to 31 May 2007 and from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2014. Descriptive statistics were used to describe population. The 2006-2007 and 2013-2014 datasets were compared with each other using the chi-squared test for equality of proportion, Pearson's chi-squared test, and chi-squared test for trend in proportion. RESULTS: We analyzed 1974 questionnaires from 283 patients in 2006-2007 and 2619 questionnaires from 403 patients in 2013-2014. The most frequently encountered symptom in both periods was fatigue; nausea and constipation decreased in 2013-2014 compared with 2006-2007, while alopecia increased. CONCLUSIONS: Using the self-assessment questionnaire in normal clinical practice has allowed us to carry out an accurate prevalence survey on symptoms in patients receiving chemotherapy that takes into account not only reports of the presence of symptoms but also of their absence. Between 2006-2007 and 2013-2014, there was an increase in patients treated at the Oncological Day Hospital of the Biella Hospital, whose characteristics were comparable in the two periods, except for the type of therapies carried out. Some symptoms were in decline: fatigue, nausea, and constipation.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos/efectos adversos , Efectos Colaterales y Reacciones Adversas Relacionados con Medicamentos/epidemiología , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Autoevaluación , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Alopecia/inducido químicamente , Alopecia/epidemiología , Antineoplásicos/uso terapéutico , Estreñimiento/inducido químicamente , Estreñimiento/epidemiología , Fatiga/inducido químicamente , Fatiga/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Náusea/inducido químicamente , Náusea/epidemiología , Pacientes , Prevalencia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
11.
Xenobiotica ; 51(1): 31-39, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744915

RESUMEN

Targeted covalent inhibitors designed to bind covalently to a specific molecular target have recently been a focus of drug development. Among these inhibitors, thiol compounds bind covalently to endogenous thiols in the body through a process involving disulfide bonds. We investigated the predictability of changes in the exposure to captopril, tiopronin, the active form of dalcetrapib and the active metabolite of prasugrel, R-138727, all of which have a sulfhydryl group, in moderate and severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients using a constructed PBPK model. The changes in the exposure to captopril, tiopronin and the active form of dalcetrapib under CKD conditions were well predicted. However, the change in exposure to R-138727, which is a secondary metabolite of prasugrel, was overpredicted. Although these thiol compounds covalently bind to endogenous thiols, our study concluded that changes in exposure to these compounds under CKD conditions can probably be predicted, except for compounds with a complicated mechanism whereby the thiol metabolite is generated.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/metabolismo , Compuestos de Sulfhidrilo/metabolismo , Humanos , Pacientes , Farmacocinética
12.
J Ambul Care Manage ; 44(1): 85-86, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165123

RESUMEN

This article addresses the issue of the psychological distress of ambulatory dermatologic patients on the ground of cancelation of nonurgent dermatology visits during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, as well as the risk of underestimating the emotional suffering of patients with chronic skin diseases, which traditionally would not qualify as urgent cases.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Dermatología , Neumonía Viral , Enfermedades de la Piel , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , Pacientes , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Calidad de Vida , Piel
13.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200100, 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1114763

RESUMEN

RESUMO Objetivo identificar a ocorrência da morte nas unidades de cuidados, bem como analisar os registros e as atitudes dos enfermeiros frente à morte no contexto hospitalar. Método estudo quantitativo, descritivo, transversal, com participação de 900 enfermeiros de um hospital do Norte de Portugal. Com recurso à triangulação de fontes de dados, a coleta realizou-se de fevereiro a março de 2018 através de questionário e observação de registros efetuados pelos enfermeiros. Para análise dos dados, usou-se estatística descritiva e analítica. Resultados são as unidades de medicina que apresentam maior número de mortes, sendo no turno da noite que se registra um valor mais elevado de ocorrências. Com relação às atitudes dos enfermeiros frente à morte, à exceção do evitamento, todas as outras evidenciam tendência semelhante entre o grupo profissional, independentemente da sua área de atuação. Os registros de enfermagem apresentam maior incidência ao nível da função ao invés de focados no domínio da pessoa. Conclusão e implicações para a prática além da aquisição de conhecimentos através da participação em formações sobre a morte e o processo de morrer, o acompanhamento e apoio dos profissionais, poderão desempenhar um papel fundamental na preparação dos enfermeiros para cuidar das pessoas em fim de vida.


RESUMEN Objetivo identificar la ocurrencia de la muerte en unidades de cuidados y analizar registros y actitudes de los enfermeros frente a la muerte en el contexto hospitalario. Método estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, transversal, con participación de 900 enfermeros de un hospital en el Norte de Portugal. Utilizando la triangulación de fuentes de datos, la recopilación se realizó de febrero a marzo de 2018 a través de cuestionario y observación de registros de enfermeros. Para el análisis, se utilizaron estadísticas descriptivas y analíticas. Resultados las unidades médicas presentan mayor número de muertes, con mayor número de ocurrencias en el turno nocturno. Con respecto a las actitudes de los enfermeros frente a la muerte, con excepción de la evitación, todas las demás muestran una tendencia similar entre el grupo profesional, independientemente de su área de especialización. Los registros de enfermería tienen una mayor incidencia a nivel de función, en lugar de centrarse en el dominio de la persona. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica además de la obtención de conocimiento sobre la muerte y el morir, el seguimiento y el apoyo de profesionales puede desempeñar un papel fundamental en la preparación de los enfermeros para cuidar a los enfermos en final de vida.


ABSTRACT Objective to identify the occurrence of death in the care units, as well as to analyze the nurses' records and attitudes towards death in the hospital context. Method quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study, with the participation of 900 nurses from a hospital in northern Portugal. Using data source triangulation, the collection took place from February to March 2018 through a questionnaire and observation of records made by nurses. For data analysis, descriptive and analytical statistics were used. Results it is the medical units that present the highest number of deaths, with the highest number of occurrences taking place in the night shift. Regarding the nurses' attitudes towards death, with the exception of avoidance, all the others show a similar trend among the professional group, regardless of their area of activity. Nursing records have a higher incidence at the function level rather than focusing on the person's domain. Conclusion and implications for the practic e: in addition to the acquisition of knowledge, through participation in training on death and the dying process, the monitoring and support of professionals, may play a fundamental role in preparing nurses to care of people at the end of life.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Actitud Frente a la Muerte , Registros de Enfermería , Muerte , Unidades Hospitalarias , Enfermeras Practicantes , Pacientes , Enfermería , Capacitación Profesional , Atención de Enfermería
14.
Revista universitas médica ; 62(1): 1-12, 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS, MOSAICO - Salud integrativa | ID: biblio-1147899

RESUMEN

Introducción: el uso de medicinas alternativas y complementarias (MAC) por pacientes oncológicos es una práctica extendida, generalmente por fuera del tratamiento principal. La falta de entendimiento entre percepciones de pacientes y profesionales puede derivar en problemas de comunicación con repercusión negativa en el cuidado. Objetivo: indagar por coincidencias y divergencias en la percepción de pacientes y profesionales frente al uso de MAC en el paciente oncológico. Métodos: estudio exploratorio con análisis interpretativo fenomenológico mediante grupos focales, usando dominios prestablecidos. Se realizó codificación manual independiente y, posteriormente, se agruparon los códigos para su interpretación. El agrupamiento fue triangulado con el equipo de investigación para generar categorías definitivas. Resultados: surgieron dos categorías: conceptualización y vivencia frente a MAC. Cada categoría incluye subcategorías similares (p. ej., denominaciones, uso de MAC) y diferenciales (p. ej. valoración, fundamentación), entre los dos grupos. La conceptualización reconoce cómo los participantes caracterizan la MAC y la vivencia identifica la forma y vías como se relacionan con la MAC. Conclusiones: pacientes y profesionales comparten inquietudes frente al uso de MAC, pero existen diferencias en lenguaje y expectativas frente a su uso. Para los pacientes el consejo médico es relevante pero no definitivo y la evidencia científica solo es relevante para los profesionales.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Terapias Complementarias , Neoplasias , Pacientes , Colombia , Oncólogos
16.
Anesthesiology ; 134(1): 103-110, 2021 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108442

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Uncovering patients' biases toward characteristics of anesthesiologists may inform ways to improve the patient-anesthesiologist relationship. The authors previously demonstrated that patients prefer anesthesiologists displaying confident body language, but did not detect a sex bias. The effect of anesthesiologists' age on patient perceptions has not been studied. In this follow-up study, it was hypothesized that patients would prefer older-appearing anesthesiologists over younger-appearing anesthesiologists and male over female anesthesiologists. METHODS: Three hundred adult, English-speaking patients were recruited in the Preanesthesia Evaluation and Testing Center. Patients were randomized (150 per group) to view a set of four videos in random order. Each 90-s video featured an older female, older male, younger female, or younger male anesthesiologist reciting the same script describing general anesthesia. Patients ranked each anesthesiologist on confidence, intelligence, and likelihood of choosing the anesthesiologist to care for their family member. Patients also chose the one anesthesiologist who seemed most like a leader. RESULTS: Three hundred patients watched the videos and completed the questionnaire. Among patients younger than age 65 yr, the older anesthesiologists had greater odds of being ranked more confident (odds ratio, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.41 to 2.64; P < 0.001) and more intelligent (odds ratio, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.62 to 3.11; P < 0.001), and had greater odds of being considered a leader (odds ratio, 2.62; 95% CI, 1.72 to 4.00; P < 0.001) when compared with younger anesthesiologists. The preference for older anesthesiologists was not observed in patients age 65 and older. Female anesthesiologists had greater odds of being ranked more confident (odds ratio, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.13 to 1.87; P = 0.003) and more likely to be chosen to care for one's family member (odds ratio, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.40 to 2.31; P < 0.001) compared with male anesthesiologists. The ranking preference for female anesthesiologists on these two measures was observed among white patients and not among nonwhite patients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients preferred older anesthesiologists on the measures of confidence, intelligence, and leadership. Patients also preferred female anesthesiologists on the measures of confidence and likelihood of choosing the anesthesiologist to care for one's family member.


Asunto(s)
Anestesiólogos , Competencia Clínica , Pacientes , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Anestesia General , Actitud , Grupos Étnicos , Femenino , Humanos , Inteligencia , Cinésica , Liderazgo , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores Sexuales , Grabación en Video , Adulto Joven
17.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(4): 212-218, 21-12-2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1141398

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Compreender as percepções dos profissionais da equipe multidisciplinar acerca da humanização no centro cirúrgico. Método: Estudo de abordagem qualitativa, com fins descritivos, cuja coleta de dados ocorreu em um hospital público regional de média complexidade, de Brasília, Distrito Federal, no período de agosto a outubro de 2019, com 18 profissionais das áreas médica e de enfermagem. Realizou-se entrevista aberta e de caráter individual composta de cinco perguntas norteadoras, examinadas por meio da análise de conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados: As respostas a cada uma das questões foram categorizadas, considerando-se que a assistência humanizada foi percebida como a busca pelo bem-estar dos pacientes, mantendo relação de empatia pelo próximo com enfoque no atendimento holístico. Conclusão: A humanização envolve aspectos inerentes à condição de ser humano, e, para sua efetivação, é necessário o envolvimento de toda a equipe multidisciplinar nos cuidados com os pacientes


Objective: To understand the perceptions of professionals of the multidisciplinary team concerning humanization in the surgical center. Method: This is a qualitative study, with descriptive purposes, whose data collection took place in a regional public hospital of medium complexity, in Brasília, Federal District, from August to October 2019, with 18 professionals in the medical and nursing areas. An open and individual interview was conducted, composed of five guiding questions, analyzed through Bardin's content analysis. Results: The answers to each of the questions were categorized, considering that humanized assistance was perceived as the search for the patients' well-being, maintaining a relationship of empathy for others, and focusing on holistic care. Conclusion: Humanization involves aspects inherent in the condition of being human and, for its effectiveness, the involvement of the entire multidisciplinary team in patient care is necessary.


Objetivo: Comprender las percepciones de los profesionales del equipo multidisciplinar sobre la humanización en el quirófano. Método: Estudio de abordaje cualitativo, con fines descriptivos, cuya recolección de datos se realizó en un hospital público regional de mediana complejidad, en Brasilia, Distrito Federal, de agosto a octubre de 2019, con 18 profesionales de las áreas médica y de enfermería. Se implementó una entrevista abierta e individual, compuesta por cinco preguntas orientadoras, analizadas a través del análisis de contenido de Bardin. Resultados: Se categorizaron las respuestas a cada una de las preguntas, considerando que el cuidado humanizado se percibía como la búsqueda del bienestar de los pacientes, manteniendo una relación de empatía por los demás con un enfoque de cuidado integral. Conclusión: Se pudo entender que la humanización involucra aspectos inherentes a la condición del ser humano y que, para su efectividad, es necesario involucrar a todo el equipo multidisciplinario en el cuidado de los pacientes.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Centros Quirúrgicos , Enfermería , Humanización de la Atención , Quirófanos , Pacientes , Atención al Paciente
18.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(4): 234-240, 21-12-2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141401

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Identificar e caracterizar o indicador de qualidade de taxa de mortalidade intraoperatória e pós-operatória. Método: Estudo retrospectivo, quantitativo, com delineamento descritivo, transversal e correlação entre variáveis, realizado de janeiro a dezembro de 2017 em 18.337 prontuários. Foram utilizados métodos de estatística descritiva e inferencial, analisando-se questões de probabilidade de uma população com base nos dados da amostra. Resultados: No período estudado, houve 18.337 pacientes com taxa de mortalidade intraoperatória de 1,75%, e a referente aos sete primeiros dias de pós-operatório foi de 1,76%. Destes, 191 (58,95%) eram do sexo masculino, 32,71% dos pacientes foram classificados como American Society of Anesthesiologists III, e 80,24% das cirurgias de caráter de urgência, classificadas como limpas, tiveram tempo médio de duração de até 120 minutos. Conclusão: A taxa de mortalidade encontrada na instituição está em conformidade com os valores descritos pelo Compromisso com a Qualidade Hospitalar. Houve correlação significativa entre as variáveis: tempo de cirurgia (até 120 minutos) e caráter de urgência; e classificação da cirurgia (limpa) e período de morte (até sete dias).


Objective: To identify and characterize the quality indicator of intraoperative and postoperative mortality rate. Method: This is a retrospective, quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study with variable correlation, based on 18,337 medical records and conducted from January to December 2017. The methods used were descriptive and inferential statistics, with analysis of probability issues of a population according to sample data. Results: In the study period, 18,337 patients underwent surgery, with a mortality rate of 1.75% in the intraoperative period and 1.76% in the first seven postoperative days. Among them, 191 (58.95%) were men, and 32.71% were classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists class III; 80.24% of urgent surgeries, considered clean, had a mean duration of up to 120 minutes. Conclusion: The mortality rate found in the facility is in accordance with the values described by the Commitment to Hospital Quality. The following variables showed a significant correlation: operative time (up to 120 minutes) and urgent surgery; and surgical contamination (clean) and death period (up to seven days).


Objetivo: Identificar el indicador de calidad de las tasas de mortalidad intraoperatoria y posoperatoria. Método: Estudio retrospectivo, cuantitativo, con diseño descriptivo, transversal y correlación entre variables, realizado de enero a diciembre de 2017 en 18.337 registros. Se utilizaron métodos de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, analizando la probabilidad de una población a partir de los datos muestrales. Resultados: Durante el período de estudio, hubo 18.337 pacientes, con una tasa de mortalidad intraoperatoria del 1,75%, y la de los primeros siete días postoperatorios del 1,76%. De estos, 191 (58,95%) eran hombres, 32,71% de los pacientes fueron clasificados como American Society of Anesthesiologists III, 80,24% de las cirugías urgentes, clasificadas como limpias, tuvieron una duración media de hasta 120 minutos. Conclusión: La tasa de mortalidad encontrada en la Institución está de acuerdo con los valores descritos por el Compromiso con la Calidad Hospitalaria. Hubo una correlación significativa entre las variables: tiempo de cirugía (hasta 120 minutos) y urgencia; clasificación de cirugía (limpia) y período de muerte (hasta 7 días).


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cuidados Posoperatorios , Mortalidad , Periodo Intraoperatorio , Pacientes , Cirugía General , Anestesiólogos
19.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 385, 2020 Dec 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308242

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Hypertension is a growing public health problem in China; however, little is known about health-related quality of life (HRQoL) especially health state utility (HSU) of patients with hypertension in rural China. This study aimed to examine the HSU as measured by SF-6D and to investigate its associated factors among middle and old aged patients with hypertension in rural China. METHODS: Data were collected from twelve villages in Shandong Province in 2016. SF-36 was administrated to measure HRQoL of middle and old aged patients with hypertension and was got to the SF-6D values using Hong Kong's tariff. Descriptive analyses, such as demographic characteristics, socio-economic status, and utility, were stratified by hypertension classification. Multiple linear regression models were applied to assess the associated factors of HSU. RESULTS: A total of 933 (response rate:86.4%) middle and old aged patients (69.1 ± 8.2 years) with hypertension participated in the study. 39.4% of participants were male; 44.2% had stage I hypertension; 26.4% had stage II and above. The mean score of SF-6D utility score was 0.743 (SD: 0.14, range: 0.32-1.00, median: 0.756, Interquartile range:0.634-0.859). Being female (ß = -0.046), having two or more comorbidities (2 vs. 1 ß = -0.066; > 3 vs. 1 ß = -0.098) and the health expenditure higher than 2000 RMB (2000-3999 vs.< 2000 ß = -0.042; 4000-5999 vs. < 2000 ß = -0.046; > 6000 vs. < 2000 ß = -0.071) were significantly associated with lower SF-6D overall score; while being farmer (ß = 0.032), having high household income (10,000-14,999 vs. < 5000 ß = 0.045; > 15,000 vs. < 5000 ß = 0.064) and having stage I and above hypertension (stage I vs. Normotensive ß = 0.047; stage II vs. Normotensive ß = 0.079; stage III vs. Normotensive ß = 0.095) were significantly associated with higher SF-6D overall score. CONCLUSION: SF-6D was capable to measure quality of life middle and old aged patients with hypertension in China. And multiple factors were demonstrated to be significantly associated with quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , China , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/clasificación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Análisis Multivariante , Pacientes , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Front Public Health ; 8: 582699, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313038

RESUMEN

Background: From the beginning of March 2020, lockdown regimens prevented patients with obesity from receiving bariatric surgery. Surgical emergencies and oncological procedures were the only operations allowed in public hospitals. Consequently, patients with morbid obesity were put in a standby situation. With the aim at exploring the viewpoint of our future bariatric surgery patients, we built a questionnaire concerning obesity and COVID-19. Method: A total of 116 bariatric surgery candidates were approached using a telephonic interview during the Italian lockdown. Results: Of the total sample, 73.8% were favorable to regular bariatric surgery execution. Forty percent were concerned about their own health status due to the COVID-19 emergency, and 61.1% were troubled by the temporary closure of the bariatric unit. The majority of the sample were eating more. Forty-five percent and the 27.5% of patients reported a worsening of the emotional state and physical health, respectively. Most of the patients (52.2%) considered themselves more vulnerable to COVID-19, especially individuals with class III obesity. Patients who reported an increased consumption of food were younger (43.44 ± 12.16 vs. 49.18 ± 12.66; F = 4.28, p = 0.042). No gender difference emerged. Conclusion: The lockdown had a negative result on Italian patients' psychological well-being and eating habits. The majority of patients would have proceeded with the surgery even during the COVID-19 emergency. Effective management and bariatric surgery should be restarted as soon as possible.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía Bariátrica/estadística & datos numéricos , Conducta Alimentaria/psicología , Salud Mental , Obesidad Mórbida/cirugía , Listas de Espera , Adulto , Cirugía Bariátrica/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Italia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Obesidad Mórbida/psicología , Pacientes/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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