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1.
BMJ Open ; 11(5): e040630, 2021 06 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078627

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Though exposure to alcohol imagery in films is a significant determinant of uptake and severity of alcohol consumption among young people, there is poor evidence regarding the content of alcohol imagery in films in low-income and middle-income countries. We have measured alcohol imagery content and branding in popular Indian films, in total and in relation to language and age rating. DESIGN: In this observational study we measured alcohol imagery semiquantitatively using 5-minute interval coding. We coded each interval according to whether it contained alcohol imagery or brand appearances. SETTING: India. PARTICIPANTS: None. Content analysis of a total of 30 national box office hit films over a period of 3 years from 2015 to 2017. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: To assess alcohol imagery in Indian films and its distribution in relation to age and language rating has been determined. RESULTS: The 30 films included 22 (73%) Hindi films and 8 (27%) in regional languages. Seven (23%) were rated suitable for viewing by all ages (U), and 23 (77%) rated as suitable for viewing by children subject to parental guidance for those aged under 12 (UA). Any alcohol imagery was seen in 97% of the films, with 195 of a total of 923 5-minute intervals, and actual alcohol use in 25 (83%) films, in 90 (10%) intervals. The occurrence of these and other categories of alcohol imagery was similar in U-rated and UA-rated films, and in Hindi and local language films. Episodes of alcohol branding occurred in 10 intervals in five films. CONCLUSION: Almost all films popular in India contain alcohol imagery, irrespective of age rating and language. Measures need to be undertaken to limit alcohol imagery in Indian films to protect the health of young people, and to monitor alcohol imagery in other social media platforms in future.


Asunto(s)
Etanol , Películas Cinematográficas , Adolescente , Anciano , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas , Niño , Humanos , India , Medios de Comunicación de Masas
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(7): 3116-3121, 2021 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877680

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Since minimally invasive surgery and general anesthesia are both aerosol-generating procedures, their use became controversial during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Moreover, social distancing resulted in serious psychological consequences for inpatients. This case report investigates pain distraction during awake laparotomy, as well as new possibilities for emotional postoperative support to inpatients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 72-year-old man affected by middle rectal adenocarcinoma underwent lower anterior resection plus total mesorectal excision under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia. A 3D mobile theatre (3DMT) was intraoperatively used for pain distraction. A postoperative "Cuddle delivery" service was instituted: video-messages from relatives and close friends were delivered daily to the patient through the 3DMT. Emotional correlations were investigated through a clinical interview by the psychologist of our Hospital. RESULTS: Intraoperative, as well as postoperative pain, resulted well-controlled: visual analogue scale (VAS) ≤3. Conversion to general anesthesia and postoperative intensive support/monitoring were unnecessary. The "Cuddle delivery" initiative positively fed our patient's mood and attitude, strengthening his bond to life. CONCLUSIONS: During pandemic, awake laparotomy under loco-regional anesthesia may be a crucial option in delivering acute care surgery to selected patients when intensive care beds are unavailable. Our procedure introduces potential ways to optimize this approach.


Asunto(s)
Adenocarcinoma/cirugía , Computadoras de Mano , Familia , Manejo del Dolor/métodos , Dolor Postoperatorio/terapia , Dolor Asociado a Procedimientos Médicos/terapia , Neoplasias del Recto/cirugía , Grabación en Video , Anciano , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Anestesia Raquidea/métodos , Humanos , Laparotomía/métodos , Masculino , Películas Cinematográficas , Dimensión del Dolor , Cuidados Posoperatorios , Proctectomía/métodos , Vigilia
4.
South Med J ; 114(3): 133-138, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655305

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Racial minorities will account for >50% of the United States population by 2045, yet race and ethnicity persist as leading predictors of morbidity. Although minorities achieve better outcomes when treated by racially concordant providers, the number of minority physicians is disproportionately low compared with the rapidly growing minority population. This imbalance creates a cultural gap between many minority patients and their healthcare providers. Research suggests that educational initiatives addressing health inequity through a historical lens can help providers better understand the root causes of disparities; however, extensive clinical demands severely limit the time providers can dedicate to non-medical learning. OBJECTIVES: To address this gap, the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital System developed and piloted a short film about the history of Black people in South Florida, highlighting significant events that shaped the health-seeking behaviors of this population. METHODS: A 20-minute documentary exploring the sociocultural history of Black communities in Miami-Dade County was presented to 188 first-year postgraduate residents in June 2017. Residents completed pre-post surveys to measure changes in knowledge and care delivery intentions. RESULTS: Analyses performed between March and July 2018 revealed moderate improvements in the knowledge and awareness of the socioeconomic history of Miami's Black communities. Before watching the video, a majority indicated that increasing awareness of the sociocultural history of their patient population was a valuable learning activity. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that brief videos focused on the history of culturally distinct populations may be a successful pedagogical strategy to introduce physicians to the communities they serve and improve provider knowledge.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica , Competencia Cultural/educación , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina/métodos , Internado y Residencia/métodos , Películas Cinematográficas , Adulto , Afroamericanos/historia , Diversidad Cultural , Asistencia Sanitaria Culturalmente Competente , Femenino , Florida , Disparidades en Atención de Salud/etnología , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Facultades de Medicina
5.
F1000Res ; 10: 54, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33732435

RESUMEN

Here we present an annotation of speech in the audio-visual movie "Forrest Gump" and its audio-description for a visually impaired audience, as an addition to a large public functional brain imaging dataset ( studyforrest.org). The annotation provides information about the exact timing of each of the more than 2500 spoken sentences, 16,000 words (including 202 non-speech vocalizations), 66,000 phonemes, and their corresponding speaker. Additionally, for every word, we provide lemmatization, a simple part-of-speech-tagging (15 grammatical categories), a detailed part-of-speech tagging (43 grammatical categories), syntactic dependencies, and a semantic analysis based on word embedding which represents each word in a 300-dimensional semantic space. To validate the dataset's quality, we build a model of hemodynamic brain activity based on information drawn from the annotation. Results suggest that the annotation's content and quality enable independent researchers to create models of brain activity correlating with a variety of linguistic aspects under conditions of near-real-life complexity.


Asunto(s)
Lenguaje , Películas Cinematográficas , Lingüística , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Habla
6.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 68(1): 13-18, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33521914

RESUMEN

Movies can be an effective tool for increasing the depth and breadth of learning. In this era of continuously advancing knowledge and technology, it is essential to design curricula that shorten the learning time of RN-BSN nursing students and arouse and stimulate their interest and potential. Designing an in-service nursing curriculum that enhances the self-reflection capabilities of students is challenging. Cinema teaching and the development of the plots model facilitate student engagement with movies. Through emotional development and the setting of background contexts, cinema teaching helps transform and establish students' knowledge of mental and psychological healthcare and increases their understanding of patient behaviors. Mental and psychological education aims to enhance cognition and provide practical learning strategies for in-serving nursing students. By implementing the cinema teaching method, students come to empathize with the pain and helplessness of patients and their families and learn how to provide care and social support to these patients.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Curriculum , Humanos , Películas Cinematográficas , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería , Enseñanza
7.
BMC Res Notes ; 14(1): 5, 2021 Jan 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407785

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Professionalism is a critical part of a medical education, and various activities have been proposed to enhance professionalism among medical students. Watching films is an activity to promote character related to professionalism. Limitation of such is a single group pre-posttest design raising concerns about the errors of measurement. The study aimed to demonstrate a method to deal with this design using Rasch analysis. RESULTS: This study used a pre-posttest design with 40 first year medical students. All participated in a 3-day activity that involved watching four selected movies: Twilight, Gandhi, The Shawshank Redemption and Amélie. These films offer compelling illustrations of the themes of self-regulation, humility, prudence and gratitude, respectively. All participants completed a 10-item composite scale (PHuSeG) addressing these themes before and after watching the movies. When determining who benefitted from the intervention, paired t-tests on the results of a Rasch analysis were used to evaluate changes between pre- and posttest. Using Rasch analyses, we could document the stability of the items from pre- to posttest, and significant changes at both the individual and group levels, which is a useful and practical approach for pre- and posttest design. Moreover, it helps validate the psychometric property of the instrument used.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Películas Cinematográficas , Profesionalismo , Psicometría , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
8.
Water Res ; 188: 116465, 2021 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049566

RESUMEN

We created a hydrogen-based membrane palladium-film reactor (MPfR) by depositing palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) on hollow-fiber membranes via autocatalytic hydrogenation to form a Pd-film. The MPfR was used for hydrodechlorination (HDC) of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). HDC performances and mechanisms were systematically evaluated, and a continuous-flow dechlorination model was established. Approximately 87% of the input 2,4-DCP was reduced to the end-product phenol (P), while 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) was an intermediate, but only at 2%. Selective adsorption of the 2,4-DCP onto the Pd-film and fast desorption of P facilitated efficient dechlorination. Modeling results represented well the concentrations of 2,4-DCP and its intermediates. It demonstrated three dechlorination pathways: The majority of 2,4-DCP was completely dechlorinated to P in an adsorbed state without release of monochlorphenol, some 2,4-DCP was degraded to 2-CP that was released and subsequently adsorbed and reduced to P, and a small amount was reduced to 4-CP that was released and subsequently adsorbed and reduced to P. Analysis based on Density Functional Theory suggests that the pathway of full dechlorination was dominant due to its thermodynamically favorable adsorption configuration, with both Cl atoms bonded to Pd. This study documents full dechlorination of 2,4-DCP in the MPfR and the interacting roles of adsorption and HDC.


Asunto(s)
Clorofenoles , Nanopartículas del Metal , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Hidrógeno , Membranas , Películas Cinematográficas , Paladio , Fenoles
9.
Water Res ; 188: 116546, 2021 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125991

RESUMEN

The ubiquitous use and manufacturing of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have led to the contamination of water resources worldwide. High-pressure membranes, including nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO), are increasingly being deployed for water treatment and may be an effective barrier to PFASs. However, the impact of membrane operating conditions, background water matrix, and solute adsorption on rejection of diverse PFASs by NF and RO remains unclear. Rejection of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) present in aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) diluted into a laboratory electrolyte matrix by NF and RO spiral wound elements was >98% and >99%, respectively. Rejection of the same PFAAs present in an AFFF-impacted groundwater matrix by NF was lower, between 92-98%, and was attributed to background water matrix constituents. Operating conditions did not have a significant impact on rejection of PFASs with the exception of shorter chain perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids (PFSAs) in the AFFF-impacted groundwater matrix, where rejection increased with increasing flux. Structure-activity analysis of 42 PFASs, including 10 PFAAs and 32 PFASs identified in AFFF through high-resolution mass spectrometry suspect screening methods, showed some correlation between rejection and compound molecular weight. Adsorptive losses of PFAAs, most notably longer-chain hydrophobic PFAAs, to the spiral wound membrane elements and the membrane system were observed. Adsorption of PFAAs to the permeate spacer was especially pronounced and may have implications of artificially high rejection values. Still, rejection of PFASs by NF remained consistently >98% over 13 days of continuous operation.


Asunto(s)
Fluorocarburos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Fluorocarburos/análisis , Membranas/química , Películas Cinematográficas , Presión , Agua , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
10.
Nurs Sci Q ; 34(1): 23-27, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349193

RESUMEN

As social distancing seems to have become the new normal in the ongoing struggle to prevent the spread of COVID-19, this column focuses on the challenge of presence in the teaching-learning endeavor that often is lived in virtual settings. When presence is defined as being in the same place at the same time as another, suggesting that presence is essential to teaching-learning would certainly run counter to the recommended practice of social distancing. However, the question must be asked if it is essential for the teacher and learner to be in a particular place at the same moment for presence in teaching-learning to be known. Clarity of the meaning of presence in the teaching-learning endeavor is pursued through considering insights gained from the movie Patch Adams. Further, insights from the humanbecoming paradigm are explored to provide new ways of moving onward in teaching-learning.


Asunto(s)
Educación a Distancia , Bachillerato en Enfermería/organización & administración , Aprendizaje , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Enseñanza , /prevención & control , Humanos , Películas Cinematográficas , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería
12.
J Homosex ; 68(1): 138-156, 2021 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430230

RESUMEN

To determine the cerebral functionality associated with the perception and processing of erotic stimuli in men with different sexual orientation, this work evaluated the electroencephalographic activity (EEG) from several cortical areas, as well as subjective arousal in homosexual and heterosexual men during observation of an erotic film with heterosexual content. The heterosexual men rated the erotic video with higher general and sexual arousal than the homosexual participants. During observation of the neutral and erotic videos, both groups showed a decreased amplitude of the alpha band in prefrontal and parietal cortices, indicating increased attention. When watching the erotic video, the homosexual men showed an increased amplitude of the theta and fast bands only in the prefrontal cortex, which could be related to the cognitive processing of the erotic stimulus. These EEG results should broaden our knowledge of the cortical mechanisms related to the different perception and processing of erotic stimuli in men with different sexual orientations.


Asunto(s)
Cerebro/fisiología , Literatura Erótica/psicología , Heterosexualidad/psicología , Homosexualidad Masculina/psicología , Adulto , Nivel de Alerta/fisiología , Electroencefalografía , Humanos , Masculino , Películas Cinematográficas , Estimulación Luminosa , Adulto Joven
13.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 28(4): 619-627, out.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155746

RESUMEN

Resumo A exibição de filmes seguida de debate pode ser empregada como recurso pedagógico da bioética narrativa, visando compartilhar percepções e ampliar coletivamente a capacidade de refletir e dialogar. Neste artigo buscou-se aprofundar a análise de questões ético-políticas suscitadas em debate sobre o filme Que horas ela volta? com estudantes de uma universidade pública. O filme faz um resgate sócio-histórico da formação brasileira, expondo antagonismos ancestrais e uma cultura visceralmente racista, sexista e autoritária. Foram levantadas coletivamente as principais cenas-chave do filme, debatidas à luz da bioética social com base em leitura previamente recomendada. O processo levou os alunos a problematizar relações de gênero, classe, trabalho, poder e violência simbólica no Brasil contemporâneo - reflexões necessárias no contexto da educação superior em saúde.


Abstract Movie screenings followed by debate can be used as a pedagogical resource for narrative bioethics, aiming to share perceptions and collectively expand the capacity to reflect and dialogue. In this article, we sought to deepen the analysis of ethical and political issues raised in a debate on the movie The Second Mother with students from a public university. The film makes a socio-historical rescue of the Brazilian formation, exposing ancestral antagonisms and a viscerally racist, sexist, and authoritarian culture. Collectively, the main key scenes of the movie were addressed and discussed in the light of social bioethics, based on previously recommended reading. The process led the students to problematize relations of gender, class, work, power, and symbolic violence in contemporary Brazil - necessary reflections in the context of higher education in health.


Resumen La exhibición de películas seguida de debate se puede emplear como un recurso pedagógico de la bioética narrativa para compartir percepciones y ampliar colectivamente la capacidad de reflexionar y dialogar. En este artículo, se trató de profundizar el análisis de cuestiones ético-políticas suscitadas en un debate con estudiantes de una universidad pública acerca de la película brasileña Una segunda madre. Al realizar un rescate sociohistórico de la formación brasileña, la película expone antagonismos ancestrales y una cultura visceralmente racista, sexista y autoritaria. Colectivamente, se identificaron las escenas clave de la película y se discutieron a la luz de la bioética social, con base una lectura previamente recomendada. Este proceso condujo a los alumnos a problematizar relaciones de género, clase, trabajo, poder y violencia simbólica en el Brasil contemporáneo, reflexiones necesarias en el contexto de educación superior en salud.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Bioética , Educación Superior , Identidad de Género , Películas Cinematográficas
14.
Trials ; 21(1): 1025, 2020 Dec 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323130

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Entertainment-education (E-E) media can improve behavioral intent toward health-related practices. In the era of COVID-19, millions of people can be reached by E-E media without requiring any physical contact. We have designed a short, wordless, animated video about preventive COVID-19 behaviors that can be rapidly distributed through social media channels to a global audience. The E-E video's effectiveness, however, remains unclear. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a multi-site, parallel group, randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of an E-E video on COVID-19 against (i) an attention placebo control (APC) video and (ii) no video. For our primary outcomes, we will measure knowledge about preventive COVID-19 behaviors. We will also use a list randomization approach to measure behavioral intent toward preventative COVID-19 behaviors. In each trial arm, participants will be randomized to a control list or a control list plus an item about social distancing, washing hands, cleaning household surfaces, sharing of eating utensils, and the stockpiling of essential goods. Using an online platform, we will recruit 17,010 participants (aged 18-59 years) from the USA, the UK, Germany, Spain, France, and Mexico. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register #DRKS00021582 . Registered on May 12, 2020. DISCUSSION: This trial will utilize several randomization procedures, list experimentation methods, and state-of-the-art online technology to demonstrate the effectiveness of an E-E video to improve knowledge of, and behavioral intent toward, the prevention of COVID-19. Our results will inform future E-E video campaigns for COVID-19 and similar public health intervention needs.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Educación en Salud/métodos , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Películas Cinematográficas , /transmisión , Desinfección , Desinfección de las Manos , Humanos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Medios de Comunicación Sociales
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(24)2020 Dec 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327408

RESUMEN

The tear film at the ocular surface is covered by a thin layer of lipids. This oily phase stabilizes the film by decreasing its surface tension and improving its viscoelastic properties. Clinically, destabilization and rupture of the tear film are related to dry eye disease and are accompanied by changes in the quality and quantity of tear film lipids. In dry eye, eye drops containing oil-in-water emulsions are used for the supplementation of lipids and surface-active components to the tear film. We explore in detail the biophysical aspects of interactions of specific surface-active compounds, cetalkonium chloride and poloxamer 188, which are present in oil-in-water emulsions, with tear lipids. The aim is to better understand the macroscopically observed eye drops-tear film interactions by rationalizing them at the molecular level. To this end, we employ a multi-scale approach combining experiments on human meibomian lipid extracts, measurements using synthetic lipid films, and in silico molecular dynamics simulations. By combining these methods, we demonstrate that the studied compounds specifically interact with the tear lipid film enhancing its structure, surfactant properties, and elasticity. The observed effects are cooperative and can be further modulated by material packing at the tear-air interface.


Asunto(s)
Lípidos/química , Microscopía Fluorescente/métodos , Simulación de Dinámica Molecular , Películas Cinematográficas , Alcoholes Grasos/química , Humanos , Glándulas Tarsales/metabolismo , Modelos Teóricos , Poloxámero/química , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario/química
16.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 145(25): 1818-1827, 2020 12.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327009

RESUMEN

Medicine in silent film has a long history. Although the silent era in cinema was dominated by burlesques (using escaped "lunatics") a number of themes emerged after systematic review. The cinematic representation of medicine coincided with the discovery of X-rays. During this "roentgenomania", short films were produced showing groundbreaking X-ray images, which fitted perfectly into needs of dramatic cinema. But soon the "cinema of narration" evolved: Starting just after the turn of the century, the short film "The Country Doctor" was able to address complex interplay between duties and limitations of the medical profession. This was followed by numerous feature films on infectious diseases, which often used tuberculosis as a centerpiece of its story. Directors often took advantage of the well-known stereotype of the omnipotent physician. But in certain medical fields, such as psychiatry or surgery, a more ambivalent figure of the doctor was portrayed, f. e. in "Hands of Orlac" (1924). Silent cinema also offered interesting ideas on the healing powers of the medium itself: in "The Mystery of the Kador Cliffs" (1912) a film screening could cure the patient of fears after reenactment. Finally, a closer look at the early era of film echoes how social conflicts where dramatized, especially in the case of nationwide birth control. How illegal abortion kept the society on its edge, was most clearly shown in the adaption of the scandalous play "Cyankali" (1930).In addition to discussing various topics in the cinematic representation of medicine, this brief overview shows that silent movies were a new and true art form, representing an exceptional resource for historians of film and medicine.


Asunto(s)
Historia de la Medicina , Películas Cinematográficas/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos
17.
J. negat. no posit. results ; 5(12): 1599-1612, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-200241

RESUMEN

Se han recuperado dos películas filmadas en el Hospital Ramón y Cajal en 1978. Una se titula NUTRICION PARENTERAL Y ENTERAL EN UN FISTULA YEYUNAL ALTA y la otra INTESTINO ARTIFICIAL (NUTRICION PARENTERAL AMBULANTE). Son dos obras pioneras en la nutrición artificial en España. Se hacen amplios comentarios sobre la temática de las películas y su importancia en el momento actual. En las fistulas yeyunales altas la nutrición artificial, parenteral y enteral, es indicación princeps, con eficacia comprobada. En la película "NUTRICION PARENTERAL AMBULANTE" se muestra un modelo de nutrición parenteral ambulatoria bastante similar al actual. Se ofrece el link para poder visualizar ambas películas


Two 16 mm films made in Hospital Ramon y Cajal in 1978 have been recovered. One is titled PARENTERAL AND ENTERAL NUTRITION IN A HIGH OUTPUT JEJUNAL FISTULA and the other ARTIFICIAL NUTRITION (AMBULATORY PARENTERAL NUTRITION). These two films are seminal work in artificial nutrition in Spain. Comments are made about the argument of both films and its importance at the present time. Artificial nutrition in high output jejunal fistulas is a main indication with demonstrated efficacy. In the film ARTIFICIAL NUTRITION (AMBULATORY PARENTERAL NUTRITION) a model quite similar to the one used at the present time is exposed. A link to both films is offered


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Nutrición Parenteral/historia , Nutrición Enteral/historia , Películas Cinematográficas
18.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 996-1000, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145597

RESUMEN

O documentário Meia lua Falciforme retrata diversas faces e enfrentamentos no cotidiano dos pacientes e familiares que convivem com a doença falciforme no cenário brasileiro. A dor, o racismo e a resistência são pontos-chave discutidos no relevante curta-metragem, de Débora Evellyn Olimpo e Denise Kelm, que traz uma perspectiva para além do adoecimento físico e, com leveza, apresenta produções artísticas dos conviventes com a temática. No tocante à resistência e à luta, o documentário cita a grande conquista no que diz respeito ao reconhecimento e à normatização da doença no Brasil, os conflitos enfrentados rotineiramente em busca de acesso aos serviços de saúde, bem como a luta por um SUS que garanta os princípios da universalidade e equidade. A presente resenha traz algumas notas sobre o documentário e os temas que perpassam a vida dos pacientes desde o momento do diagnóstico até os itinerários e decisões terapêuticos.


The documentary entitled Meia lua Falciforme portrays different aspects and daily battles in the life of patients and their families who live with sickle cell disease in the Brazilian scenario. Pain, racism and resistance are key issues discussed in the relevant short-length film by Débora Evellyn Olimpo and Denise Kelm, which brings a perspective that extends beyond the physical illness, and presents in a dainty way some artistic productions of those living with the matter. The documentary mentions the great success regarding the resistance and the struggle for the recognition and regulation of the disease in Brazil, the conflicts routinely faced in search of access to health services, as well as the battle for a SUS that guarantees the principles of universality. and equity. This review brings some observations on the documentary and the matters that permeate the life of patients from the moment of diagnosis to the therapeutic itineraries and decisions.


El documental Meia lua Falciforme nos trae diferentes aspectos y enfrentamientos en la vida diaria de los pacientes y sus familiares que viven con la anemia de células falciformes en el escenario brasileño. El dolor, el racismo y la resistencia son puntos clave discutidos en el cortometraje relevante de Débora Evellyn Olimpo y Denise Kelm, que aporta una perspectiva más allá de la enfermedad física y con delicadeza presenta producciones artísticas de quien vive con el tema. Con respecto a la resistencia y la lucha, el documental cita el gran logro en la pelea por el reconocimiento y la regulación de la enfermedad en Brasil, los conflictos habituales que se enfrentan en busca del acceso a los servicios de salud, así como la lucha por un SUS que garantice los principios de universalidad. y equidad. Esta reseña trae algunas notas sobre el documental y los temas que atravesan la vida de los pacientes desde el momento del diagnóstico, hasta los itinerarios terapéuticos y las decisiones tomadas.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Dolor , Racismo , Salud de las Minorías Étnicas , Anemia de Células Falciformes , Factores Socioeconómicos , Sistema Único de Salud , Brasil/etnología , Equidad en Salud , Películas Cinematográficas
19.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 892-911, out.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145566

RESUMEN

Este artigo se propõe a analisar cenas de parto exibidas em telenovelas brasileiras, criteriosamente selecionadas, com o objetivo de identificar as representações de diferentes formas de violência obstétrica, explícitas ou veladas. Para tanto, optamos por dois métodos complementares: a análise de conteúdo e a análise de imagens em movimento. Como resultado, identificamos três eixos que abarcam as diferentes expressões midiatizadas da violência contra a parturiente: violência pela situação, violência pelo abandono e violência direta. Na discussão, pontuamos consonâncias e dissonâncias entre ficção e realidade, além da falta de problematização acerca do tema, o que, de forma sintomática, contribui para a sua naturalização.


This article proposes to analyze scenes of childbirth broadcasted by Brazilian soap operas, carefully selected, aiming to identify the representation of different forms of obstetric violence, explicit or veiled. Therefore, we selected two complementary methods: the content analysis and the analysis of moving images. As a result, we have identified three axes that include the different expressions of the violence against the parturient by the media: violence by situation, violence by abandonment and direct violence. Through the discussion, we pointed consonances and dissonances between fiction and reality, as well as the lack of problematization regarding the theme, which, symptomatically, contributes to its naturalization.


Este artículo se propone a analizar escenas de parto exhibidas en telenovelas brasileñas, criteriosamente seleccionadas, con el objetivo de identificar las representaciones de diferentes formas de violencia obstétrica, explicitas o veladas. Para eso, optamos por dos métodos complementares: el análisis de contenido y el análisis de imágenes en movimiento. Como resultado, identificamos tres ejes que abarcan las diversas expresiones mediatizadas de la violencia contra la parturiente: violencia por la situación, violencia por abandono y violencia directa. En la discusión, puntuamos consonancias y disonancias entre ficción y realidad, además de la falta de problematización acerca del tema, lo que, de forma sintomática, contribuye para su naturalización.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Embarazo , Televisión , Parto , Mujeres Embarazadas , Drama , Violencia contra la Mujer , Conducta Social , Salud de la Mujer , Comunicación , Narración , Obras de Ficción como Asunto , Películas Cinematográficas
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