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1.
Indian J Public Health ; 64(Supplement): S217-S220, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496258

RESUMEN

Media plays an indispensable role in society to influence health literacy. To document COVID-19 coverage in Kannada daily newspapers, hardcopies of 455 editions were methodically reviewed. Content analysis and data coding of 11 of the possible 60 terms/concepts related to COVID-19 epidemiology, was undertaken. Across dailies, five different dimensions in reporting documented: reporting of statistics - both numbers and manner of reporting, reporting of epidemiological concepts/terms (frequency of use and frequency of reporting), focus of reporting, density of reporting and finally what is not reported which could have been reported (desirable reporting). Numbers were reported as headlines; >25% of listed items were covered; however, 20% of terms not covered would have helped. We looked at "News" as epidemiological information and identified the gaps in reporting. We conclude that vernacular print media in Karnataka has done a commendable job. A media communication plan is urgently needed.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Betacoronavirus , Alfabetización en Salud , Humanos , India , Pandemias
2.
J Prev Med Public Health ; 53(2): 126-134, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268467

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Cancer diagnoses have a tremendous impact on individuals and communities, drawing intense public concern. The objective of the current research was to examine news coverage and content related to cancer-related issues in Korean newspapers. METHODS: Primarily using the database system of the Korea Press Foundation, we conducted a content analysis of 2806 articles from 9 Korean daily newspapers during a recent 3-year period from 2015 to 2017. Thematic categories, the types of articles, attitudes and tone, and the number of sources in each article were coded and classified. RESULTS: Many news articles dealt with a diverse range of themes related to cancer, including general healthcare information, the latest research and development, specific medical institutions and personnel, and technology and products, which jointly accounted for 74.8% of all articles. Those thematic categories differed markedly in terms of article type, tone, and the number of cited sources. News articles provided extensive information about healthcare resources, and many articles seemed to contain advertising content. However, the content related to complex social issues such as National Health Insurance did not include enough information for the reader to contextualize the issues properly or present the issues systematically. CONCLUSIONS: It can be assumed that the media exert differential influence on individuals through news coverage. Within the present reporting framework, the availability and usefulness of information are likely to depend solely on individuals' capabilities, such as financial and health literacy; this dependency has a negative impact on knowledge gaps and health inequities.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Bibliometría , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , República de Corea
3.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0225794, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951616

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The view that we are in the midst of a global diabetes epidemic has gained considerable ground in recent years and is often linked to the prior 'obesity epidemic'. This research explored how the diabetes epidemic was represented in United Kingdom (UK) news over the same time period that the obesity epidemic was widely reported. The research was motivated by a sociological interest in how postmodern 'epidemics' synergise with each other amidst broader political, economic, moral and sociocultural discourses. METHOD: We analysed three time-bound samples of UK news articles about diabetes: 1993 (n = 19), 2001 (n = 119) and 2013 (n = 324). Until now, UK media has had the least attention regarding portrayal of diabetes. We adopted an empathically neutral approach and used a dual method approach of inductive thematic analysis and deductive framing analysis. The two methods were triangulated to produce the findings. RESULTS: Framing of diabetes moved from medical in 1993 to behavioural in 2001, then societal in 2013. By 2001 obesity was conceptualised as causal to diabetes, rather than a risk factor. Between 2001 and 2013 portrayals of the modifiable risk factors for diabetes (i.e. diet, exercise and weight) became increasingly technical. Other risk factors like age, family history and genetics faded during 2001 and 2013, while race, ethnicity and culture were positioned as states of 'high risk' for diabetes. The notion of an 'epidemic' of diabetes 'powered up' these concerns from an individual problem to a societal threat in the context of obesity as a well-known health risk. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Portraying diabetes and the diabetes epidemic as anticipated consequences of obesity enlivens the heightened awareness to future risks in everyday life brought about during the obesity epidemic. The freeform adoption of the 'epidemic' term in contemporary health discourse appears to foster individual and societal dependence on biomedicine, giving it political, economic and divisive utility.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiología , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Humanos , Principios Morales , Reino Unido
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671717

RESUMEN

In the United States, more than 200 communities are designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as areas of concern for dioxins. Informing the public about potential risks associated with dioxins and delivering information about how to avoid such risks are essential activities. News coverage of environmental and health problems affects how members of the public assess those problems in terms of both severity and how they are understood, as well as the extent of attention given to the problem by policy-makers. To contextualize public and institutional responses to dioxin contamination and remediation in a dioxin-affected community, we assessed 176 newspaper articles published over 30 years concerning dioxin contamination in Midland, Michigan, in terms of risk, trust in institutions, environmental stigma, and citizen participation. Articles about dioxin contamination and remediation in Midland appeared in both domestic and international newspapers. Domestically, both national and local newspapers covered this issue. The risks for human health and the environment caused by exposure to dioxins were widely covered, with much less media attention given to the trustworthiness of the organizations responsible for managing the risk, environmental stigma, and citizen participation. News coverage of these four themes also changed significantly overtime. Overall, our findings highlight the important role of local news media in communicating risk information, guiding safe behaviors, and facilitating community-level decision-making.


Asunto(s)
Dioxinas , Contaminantes Ambientales , Contaminación Ambiental , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Periódicos como Asunto , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Participación de la Comunidad , Dioxinas/análisis , Dioxinas/toxicidad , Salud Ambiental , Política Ambiental , Contaminantes Ambientales/análisis , Contaminantes Ambientales/toxicidad , Contaminación Ambiental/efectos adversos , Contaminación Ambiental/análisis , Contaminación Ambiental/prevención & control , Contaminación Ambiental/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Michigan , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Riesgo , Estigma Social , Confianza
5.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 42(10): 682-691, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-190271

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: A pesar de que la producción científica en enfermería comunitaria ha aumentado en los últimos años, no es sencillo publicar en revistas específicas de alto impacto. Pretendemos identificar revistas científicas en las que publicar estudios enfermeros comunitarios, así como discutir ciertas características científico-técnicas de dichas revistas. MÉTODO: Artículo de enfoque constructivista, con diseño cualitativo. Parte de una revisión documental no sistemática en Scopus, Journal Citation Reports -JCR- y el catálogo Index, complementada con un informe de evaluación crítica tras análisis e interpretación de contenido a partir de opiniones de expertos/as (12 editores/as de revistas científicas en España, en las que sea posible publicar estudios de enfermería comunitaria). Se utilizó un cuestionario de preguntas abiertas remitido mediante Google forms(R). RESULTADOS: No existen revistas en español específicas de enfermería comunitaria en JCR, siendo 6 específicas en inglés y 9 generalistas. En Scopus encontramos 4 específicas y 4 inespecíficas en idioma inglés, siendo numerosas las revistas generalistas. En Index se localizaron 12 revistas, 4 con línea específica comunitaria. Transparencia y ética son claves para la mejora de las revistas científicas. Editores y revisores deben tener experiencia, no solo como autores sino también como revisores. Mejorar la visibilidad de las revistas, la calidad editorial y su impacto es importante, y ello puede provocar el pago por publicación. CONCLUSIONES: La publicación de estudios científicos de alto impacto debe hacerse necesariamente en revistas en inglés, no existiendo revistas específicas en español. Transparencia, calidad y procesos editoriales deben mejorarse en las revistas científicas


INTRODUCTION: Although scientific production in community nursing has increased in recent years, it is not easy to publish in specific journals of high impact. We intend to identify scientific journals in which to publish community nursing studies, as well as to discuss scientific-technical characteristics of these journals. METHOD: Constructivist approach article, with qualitative design. Part of a non-systematic documentary review in Scopus, Journal Citation Reports JCR and Index, complemented with a critical evaluation report after analysis and interpretation of content based on expert opinions (12 editors of scientific journals in Spain, in which it is possible to publish community nursing studies). An open-ended questionnaire sent by Google forms(R) was used. RESULTS: There are no Spanish-language journals specific to community nursing in JCR, with 6 specific in English-language and 9 generalists. In Scopus, we find 4 specific and 4 non-specific in English-language, being numerous generalist Journals. In Index, 12 journals were located, 4 with a specific community line. Transparency and ethics are key to the improvement of scientific journals. Editors and reviewers must have the experience, not only as authors but also as reviewers. Improving the visibility of journals, editorial quality, and its impact is important, and this can lead to paying per publication. CONCLUSIONS: The publication of high impact scientific studies must necessarily be done in journals in English, there is no specific journals in Spanish. Transparency, quality, and editorial processes should be improved in scientific journals


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Enfermería en Salud Comunitaria , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Factor de Impacto de la Revista , Ética en la Publicación Científica , Investigación Cualitativa , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
6.
Am J Public Health ; 109(10): 1462-1464, 2019 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415191

RESUMEN

Objectives. To conduct a content analysis of news articles to investigate the relationship between language used to describe e-cigarettes, how the news articles framed (conveyed information to influence a certain perception of the news read by its audience) e-cigarettes, and the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) oversight of e-cigarettes.Methods. We searched a database of articles published across the United States from February 1, 2016, to February 28, 2017, using the headline terms "e-cigarette," "e-cig," and "vape." We then dichotomized terms into 2 categories: technical ("e-cigarette" or "e-cig") and nontechnical ("vape"). We coded the frame of each article body as positive, negative, or neutral or mixed.Results. Articles containing the term "vape" in the headline were more likely to positively frame e-cigarettes (P ≤ .001) and negatively frame FDA oversight (P ≤ .001) in the body than were those with "e-cigarette" or "e-cig" in the headline.Conclusions. Omitting the word "cigarette" when describing tobacco products may reduce the negative perception associated with tobacco use, making it more appealing. It is important to know which terms are used to describe e-cigarettes and how these terms can make those products appear less harmful.


Asunto(s)
Sistemas Electrónicos de Liberación de Nicotina , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Terminología como Asunto , Vapeo , Humanos , Estados Unidos
7.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 770, 2019 Jun 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208394

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage rate has fallen sharply in Japan since 2013, when newspapers began covering negative campaigns against the vaccination. We examined and compared contents from newspaper articles before and after the start of this HPV vaccination crisis. METHODS: We collected articles published between January 2005 and September 2017 in the four daily national Japanese newspapers with the highest domestic circulation. We then conducted text mining analysis to chronologically examine content distribution. RESULTS: From among the 1178 articles analyzed, 12 types of contents were identified. Contents related to cervical cancer prevention, such as on the risk of developing cervical cancer, causes of cervical cancer, and the effects of vaccination, were frequently conveyed until 2012. However, after March 2013, they were replaced with anti-vaccination contents, such as on adverse effects to vaccines, alleged victims, and related lawsuits. Meanwhile pro-vaccination contents, such as safety statements from the World Health Organization, scarcely received coverage. CONCLUSIONS: Newspaper contents changed profoundly before and after the start of the vaccination crisis. Those newspaper reports potentially had impact on readers' beliefs and actions. Journalists should strive for impartial coverage so readers can make more-informed decisions. Health professionals should be expected to work with journalists to help improve impartiality in newspaper coverage. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare should discus benefits and risks of the HPV vaccination based on the scientific evidences, and consider to resume the proactive recommendation of HPV vaccination. Well-organized advocacy among medical societies, scientists and health professionals will also be needed to influence the government.


Asunto(s)
Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Vacunas contra Papillomavirus/efectos adversos , Minería de Datos , Femenino , Humanos , Japón , Vacunas contra Papillomavirus/administración & dosificación , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/prevención & control , Cobertura de Vacunación/estadística & datos numéricos
8.
BMJ Open ; 9(4): e020369, 2019 05 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048417

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To examine how Canadian newspapers portrayed physicians' role and medical assistance in dying (MAiD). DESIGN: Qualitative textual analysis. SETTING: Online and print articles from Canadian French and English newspapers. PARTICIPANTS: 813 newspaper articles published from 1972 to 2016. RESULTS: Key Canadian events defined five eras. From 1972 to 1990, newspapers portrayed physician's MAiD role as a social issue by reporting supportive public opinion polls and revealing it was already occurring in secret. From 1991 to 1995, newspapers discussed legal aspects of physicians' MAiD role including Rodriguez' Supreme Court of Canada appeal and Federal government Bills. From 1996 to 2004, journalists discussed professional aspects of physicians' MAiD role and the growing split between palliative care and physicians who supported MAiD. They also reported on court cases against Canadian physicians, Dr Kevorkian and suffering patients who could not receive MAiD. From 2005 to 2013, newspapers described political aspects including the tabling of MAiD legislation to change physicians' role. Lastly, from 2014 to 2016, newspapers again portrayed legal aspects of physicians' role as the Supreme Court of Canada was anticipated to legalise MAiD and the Québec government passed its own legislation. Remarkably, newspapers kept attention to MAiD over 44 years before it became legal. Articles generally reflected Canadians' acceptance of MAiD and physicians were typically portrayed as opposing it, but not all did. CONCLUSIONS: Newspaper portrayals of physicians' MAiD role discussed public opinion, politicians' activities and professional and legal aspects. Portrayals followed the issue-attention cycle through three of five stages: 1) preproblem, 2) alarmed discovery and euphoric enthusiasm and 3) realising the cost of significant progress.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Periódicos como Asunto/tendencias , Cuidados Paliativos/psicología , Rol del Médico , Suicidio Asistido/legislación & jurisprudencia , Canadá , Humanos , Lenguaje , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Política , Investigación Cualitativa
9.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0216543, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071144

RESUMEN

Evidence suggests that suicide rates can increase following the suicide of a prominent celebrity or peer, sometimes known as 'suicide contagion'. The risk of contagion is especially high when media coverage is detailed and sensational. A recent study reported a 10% increase in U.S. suicides in the months following the suicide of comedian Robin Williams, who died in August 2014. The authors tentatively linked this increase to sensational media coverage; however, no content analysis of U.S. media was performed. As such, the aim of the present study is to formally examine the tone and content of U.S. newspaper coverage of Williams' suicide. The primary objective is to assess adherence to suicide reporting guidelines in U.S. newspapers after his suicide. The secondary objective is to identify common emerging themes discussed in these articles. The tertiary objective is to compare patterns of results in the U.S media with those in the Canadian media. Articles about Williams' suicide were collected from 10 U.S. newspapers in the 30-day period following his death using systematic retrieval software, which were then examined for adherence to suicide reporting recommendations. An inductive thematic analysis was also undertaken. A total of 63 articles were included in the study. We found that 100% of articles did not call it a 'successful' suicide, 96.8% did not use pejorative phrases and 71% did not say 'commit' suicide. However, only 11% included information about help-seeking, 27% tended to romanticize his suicide and 46% went into detail about the method. The most prominent emerging theme was Williams' struggles with mental illness and addiction. These findings suggest that U.S. newspapers moderately adhered to best practice recommendations when reporting Williams' suicide. Key recommendations were underapplied, which may have contributed to suicide contagion. New interventions targeting U.S. journalists and media may be needed to improve suicide reporting.


Asunto(s)
Personajes , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Suicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Comunicación , Adhesión a Directriz , Humanos , Estados Unidos
10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987152

RESUMEN

Sports-specialized newspapers are one of the print media with the highest number of readers in Spain. However, little is known about the health coverage in this type of print press. The aim of the study was to analyze any health-related material in sports newspaper coverage and describe the main characteristics. This is an observational and cross-sectional study, performed in relation to the three most read daily Spanish sports newspapers (MARCA, AS, SPORT). A descriptive analysis was conducted to assess the health-related materials selected after a careful search over a period of 30 days. During this time, a total of 815 units of analysis were identified. On average, 14.79% (n = 645 pages) of the full content (n = 4362) included health-related material. The Liga BBVA section was the most frequent to contain health-related content by a significant margin (p = 0.01). The main covered topics were injuries to soccer players (52%), doping (21%), and other diseases in athletes or their relatives (8.6%) with no significant differences (p = 0.10). Photographs (87.4%) were the most frequent visual material used in the health content, followed by infographics (12.6%). Press releases were the most frequent source of information (58%). Spanish sports newspapers include a high proportion of health-related material, especially in terms of providing detailed descriptions of athletes' sport injuries, mainly related to soccer.


Asunto(s)
Atletas/estadística & datos numéricos , Comunicación en Salud , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Deportes/estadística & datos numéricos , Traumatismos en Atletas/epidemiología , Recursos Audiovisuales , Estudios Transversales , Doping en los Deportes/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Fotograbar , Salud Pública , España
11.
BMJ Open ; 9(3): e023192, 2019 03 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910877

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore how out-of-hours primary healthcare services (OOHS) are represented in UK national newspapers, focusing on content and tone of reporting and the use of personal narratives to frame stories. DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional quantitative content analysis of articles published in 2005, 2010 and 2015. DATA SOURCES: Nexis database used to search 10 UK national newspapers covering quality, middle-market and tabloid publications. INCLUSION/EXCLUSION CRITERIA: All articles containing the terms 'out-of-hours' (≥3 mentions per article) or ('NHS 24' OR 'NHS 111' OR 'NHS Direct') AND 'out-of-hours' (≥1 mention per article) were included. Letters, duplicate news items, opinion pieces and articles without a substantial portion of the story (>50% of an article's word count, as judged by researchers) concerning OOHS were excluded. RESULTS: 332 newspaper articles were identified: 113 in 2005 (34.1%), 140 in 2010 (42.2%) and 79 in 2015 (23.8%). Of these, 195 (58.7%) were in quality newspapers, 99 (29.8%) in middle-market and 38 (11.3%) in tabloids. The most commonly reported themes were OOHS organisation, personal narratives and telephone triage. Stories about service-level crises and personal tragedy, including unsafe doctors and missed or delayed identification of rare conditions, predominated. The majority of articles (252, 75.9%) were negative in tone. This was observed for all included newspapers and by publication genre; middle-market newspapers had the highest percentage of negative articles (Pearson χ2=35.72, p<0.001). Articles presented little supporting contextual information, such as call rates per annum, or advice on how to access OOHS. CONCLUSION: In this first reported analysis of UK national newspaper coverage of OOHS, media representation is generally negative in tone, with frequent reports of 'negative exemplars' of OOHS crises and fatal individual patient cases with little or no contextualisation. We present recommendations for the future reporting of OOHS, which could apply to the reporting of healthcare services more generally.


Asunto(s)
Atención Posterior , Conducta en la Búsqueda de Información , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Atención Posterior/organización & administración , Atención Posterior/normas , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Atención Primaria de Salud , Estudios Retrospectivos , Reino Unido
12.
Med. segur. trab ; 65(254): 10-23, ene.-mar. 2019. graf, ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-187818

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: Análisis bibliométrico y temático de la producción científica sobre salud laboral relacionada con la nutrición, alimentación y dieta indexada en MEDLINE. MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo transversal. Los datos se obtuvieron de la base de datos MEDLINE (PubMed). La ecuación de búsqueda fue "Diet, Food, and Nutrition"[Mesh] AND "Occupational Health"[Mesh] AND "HUMANS"[MeSH Terms]. Se analizaron los principales indicadores bibliométricos. Se segmentó la búsqueda por épocas (desde el año 1949 hasta 2008 incluido, primera época y desde 2009 a 2017 incluido, segunda época). La fecha de la búsqueda fue febrero 2018. RESULTADOS: Se analizaron 386 referencias. El número de originales fue de 229 (59,3%), identificando 248 instituciones, con Índice de colaboración de 4,0 ± 2,9 autores/artículo y máximo de 16, siendo 2015 el año de mayor producción. La edad media de los documentos fue de 15,6 años y el Índice de Price 28,5%. La distribución geográfica fue mayoritariamente estadounidense (EE. UU.), con 115 trabajos, y el idioma predominante el inglés con 286 artículos. Se recuperaron 233 revistas y se pudo acceder de forma gratuita a 126 artículos. Hubo diferencias significativas entre los indicadores analizados por épocas. CONCLUSIONES: Existencia de relativa obsolescencia, orientación anglófona y filiación estadounidense. Colaboración institucional limitada y destacada de autores. Amplio acceso gratuito al documento primario e impacto irregular de las publicaciones. Notable mejoría de los indicadores bibliométricos a partir del 2008. La clasificación temática cumplió con la materia investigada. La temática está aún en desarrollo por los potenciales beneficios para trabajadores, empresas y gobiernos


OBJECTIVE: Bibliometric and thematic analysis of scientific production on occupational health related to nutrition, food and diet indexed in MEDLINE. METHOD: Cross-sectional study. The data were obtained from the MEDLINE database (PubMed). The search equation was "Diet, Food, and Nutrition"[Mesh] AND "Occupational Health"[Mesh] AND "HUMANS"[MeSH Terms]. The main bibliometric indicators were analysed. The search was segmented by epochs (first period from the year 1949 to 2008 and second period from 2009 to 2017). Search date: February 2018. RESULTS: 386 references were analysed. The original number was 229 (59.3%), identifying 248 institutions and collaboration index of 4.0 ± 2.9 authors / article, being 16 the maximum and 2015 the year of highest production. The average of documents was 15.6 years and the Price Index 28.5%. The United States of America was the main geographical distribution area with 115 works, being English the dominant language in 286 articles. 233 journals were retrieved. There was free access to 126 articles. There were significant differences between the indicators analysed by epochs. CONCLUSIONS: Existence of relative obsolescence, Anglophone orientation and American affiliation. It is an institutional author collaboration which is limited and outstanding, with wide free access to the primary document and irregular impact publications. The bibliometric indicators were clearly improved from the year 2008. The thematic classification complied with the researched subject. The thematic is still under development due to the potential benefits for workers, companies and governments


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Bibliometría , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Educación Alimentaria y Nutricional , MEDLINE/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales
13.
Transcult Psychiatry ; 56(2): 428-442, 2019 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632948

RESUMEN

Newspapers are influential sources of information and opinion on mental health, but careless reporting may reinforce stigma. This review examined portrayals of mental disorder in Saudi Arabian newspapers. A cross-sectional sample (N = 200) of relevant articles was obtained from four of the most popular newspapers. These were categorised for descriptive and thematic analysis, using an established framework. The theme of highest frequency was advocacy, actions, and concerns; such articles were likely to have a positive impact by raising public awareness. Similarly, numerous reports with the theme of treatment and recovery informed readers of developments in mental health care, potentially breaking down barriers to seeking help. The theme of blame was found in a quarter of the articles; in addition to discussing environmental and genetic factors, there were several commentaries or reports on spiritual possession, which could perpetuate stigmatising ideas. While portrayals of mental disorder in Saudi newspapers show similarities to media coverage in other countries, distinct cultural perspectives were evident, including the prevailing notion of the 'evil eye'. The authors recommend collaboration of mental health experts, patients and family carers to devise guidelines for more accurate reporting of mental disorder by Saudi media.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Estigma Social , Estereotipo , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Opinión Pública , Arabia Saudita
14.
Womens Health Issues ; 29(1): 80-86, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30309695

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: News coverage can shape public understanding of policy issues in important ways. In the last decade, many new state-level abortion restrictions have been passed, often based on claims about the safety of abortion care, yet little is known about recent news coverage of abortion. This study analyzes a sample of news on abortion in the United States and explores the implications for reproductive health policymakers, practitioners, and advocates. METHODS: We analyzed a sample of news and opinion articles containing the term "abortion" published in three major U.S. newspaper sources in 2013 and 2016. The total sample was 783 unique pieces. We coded for story topics, references to fetal personhood, women's stories, and basic abortion facts. Three trained coders conducted the coding, with intercoder reliability rates ranging from 0.777 to 1.0. FINDINGS: Most of the time abortion appears in the news, it is merely mentioned, rather than discussed substantively. Abortion is covered as a political issue more than a health issue. The personal experiences of people who get abortions are present in only 4% of the sample, and language personifying the fetus appears more often than women's abortion stories. State abortion restrictions are newsworthy, yet basic facts on the commonality and safety of abortion are virtually absent. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the news does not support public understanding of abortion as a common, safe part of reproductive health care. Such framing may undermine public support for policies that protect access to this common health care service.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Inducido/estadística & datos numéricos , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Embarazo , Estados Unidos
15.
Gac Sanit ; 33(2): 99-105, 2019.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29180275

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To quantify how exhaustive and critical were stories reporting medical innovations published in print media and to analyze the characteristics that may be related. METHOD: Content analysis of the newspapers stories related to the discovery, introduction or improvement of a medical innovation through a questionnaire with ten criteria that allows calculating an overall score of exhaustiveness. The critical view was also included. RESULTS: We analyzed 204 newspapers stories that on average obtained a comprehensiveness score of 4.5. Were optimistic 70% of the stories. The most valued criteria were: level of detail of the explanation of the innovation and the correct differentiation between facts and opinions. While the worst-valued criteria were: disclosure of financial conflicts of interest and the quantification of harms. The variables author, length of the story and classification of the innovation were related to both the comprehensiveness score and the critical view. The comprehensiveness score was also related to the pathology, number of sources of information and the critical tone of the story, while the critical view was also related to the newspapers diffusion and the relevance of the news. CONCLUSIONS: The analyzed stories presented inaccuracies, biases or an excess of optimism (either intentional or involuntary). Some aspects of the stories discussed in more detail would provide solutions to many of the identified shortcomings.


Asunto(s)
Difusión de Innovaciones , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Pensamiento
16.
Eur J Health Econ ; 20(1): 149-162, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29934875

RESUMEN

We investigate whether individuals are less likely to start and more likely to quit smoking in years when newspapers publish more articles about the health risks of smoking. With data from 9030 respondents to the 2008 Global Adult Tobacco Survey in Turkey, we construct respondents' life-course smoking histories back to 1925 and model initiation and cessation decisions taken 1925-2008. To measure information, we count articles published in Milliyet, one of Turkey's major newspapers. Results from linear probability models show that people who have seen more smoking-health risk articles know more about the smoking-health relationship. Holding constant each individual's information stock, education, place of residence, and the price of cigarettes, we find that, as new information arrives, male and female smokers in all cohorts are significantly more likely to quit and women are less likely to start. Our analysis is one of the first that examines how new information affects smoking decisions while controlling for each individual's existing stock of information.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Fumar/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Niño , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Sexuales , Fumar/efectos adversos , Fumar/psicología , Cese del Hábito de Fumar/psicología , Cese del Hábito de Fumar/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Socioeconómicos , Productos de Tabaco/economía , Turquia/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
17.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e9, 2018 Dec 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30511612

RESUMEN

AIMS: Since 2008 England's anti-stigma programme Time to Change has lobbied media outlets about stigmatising coverage and worked with them to promote accurate and non-stigmatising coverage. While this may have an impact on coverage and hence attitudes, it is also possible that coverage can change in response to improving attitudes, through the creation of a market demand for less stigmatising coverage. This study evaluates English newspaper coverage of mental health topics between 2008 and 2016. METHOD: Articles covering mental health in 27 newspapers were retrieved using keyword searches on two randomly chosen days each month in 2008-2016, excluding 2012 and 2015 due to restricted resources. Content analysis used a structured coding framework. Univariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds of each hypothesised element occurring in 2016 compared with 2008 and Wald tests to assess the overall statistical significance of the year variable as the predictor. RESULTS: The sample retrieved almost doubled between 2008 (n = 882) and 2016 (n = 1738). We found a significant increase in the proportion of anti-stigmatising articles (odds ratio (OR) 2.26 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.86-2.74)) and a significant decrease in stigmatising articles (OR 0.62 (95% CI 0.51-0.75)). Reports on all diagnoses except for schizophrenia were more often anti-stigmatising than stigmatising. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first clear evidence of improvement in coverage since the start of Time to Change. However, coverage of schizophrenia may be less affected by this positive shift than that of other diagnoses. The increase in the level of coverage identified in 2016 requires further investigation, as it may also influence public conceptualisation of what constitutes mental illness, attitudes to mental illness in general and/or specific diagnoses. While most anti-stigma programmes are not diagnosis specific, we suggest their evaluation would benefit from a diagnosis specific approach to allow fuller interpretation of their effects. This could include media analysis driven by hypotheses based on diagnoses to ascertain whether variations by diagnosis over time occur both in the nature and in the proportion of coverage.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Periódicos como Asunto/tendencias , Estigma Social , Estereotipo , Inglaterra , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos
18.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 1086, 2018 Aug 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170588

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the media can influence societal attitudes and beliefs to various social issues. This influence is especially strong for mental health issues, particularly suicide. As such, the aim of this study is to systematically examine Canadian newspaper coverage of the popular fictional Netflix series 13 Reasons Why, wherein the lead character dies by suicide in the final episode. METHODS: Articles mentioning the series were systematically collected from best-selling Canadian newspapers in the three-month period following series release (April-June 2017). Articles were coded for adherence to key best practice recommendations on how to sensitively report suicide. Frequency counts and proportions were produced. An inductive qualitative thematic analysis was then undertaken to identify common themes within the articles. RESULTS: A total of 71 articles met study inclusion criteria. The majority of articles did not mention the suicide method (88.7%) and did not use stigmatizing language such as 'commit suicide' (84.5%). Almost half of the articles linked suicide to wider social issues (43.7%) or quoted a mental health professional (45.1%). 25% included information telling others considering suicide where to get help. Our qualitative analysis indicated that articles simultaneously praised and criticized the series. It was praised for (i) promoting dialogue and discussion about youth suicide; (ii) raising awareness of youth suicide issues; (iii) shining a spotlight on wider social issues that may affect suicide. It was criticized for (i) glorifying suicide, (ii) harmfully impacting young viewers; (iii) prompting pushback from educators and schools. CONCLUSIONS: Newspaper coverage of '13 Reasons Why' generally adhered to core best practice media recommendations, and sensitively discussed suicide from various angles, prompting productive discussion and dialogue about youth suicide. These findings suggest that the media can be an ally in promoting dialogue and raising awareness of important public health issues such as suicide.


Asunto(s)
Películas Cinematográficas , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Suicidio , Adolescente , Canadá , Humanos
19.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 1115, 2018 Sep 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30208965

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: With the dishonor of being the highest suicide rated country in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, South Korea should take more initiatives in suicide prevention. Although the role of the media and its relation to actual suicide attempts has been tested and supported by many studies, the suicide reporting guidelines are not well followed. The purpose of this study is to examine how well Korean newspapers adhere to existing guidelines and to suggest limitation and improvements for the current guidelines. METHODS: Five mainstream newspapers in South Korea, namely, Kyunghyang Shinmun, Hankyoreh, Chosun Ilbo, JoongAng Daily, and Dong-A Ilbo, were chosen for the analysis. Using the Naver news search engine, articles dated from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2017, were selected with the keyword "suicide" and advanced option "printed newspaper." However, articles, columns, opinions, and reviews that utilized the word "suicide" in a general context were excluded from the final analysis. Finally, the number of cases was narrowed down to 368. Each article was analyzed using the guideline framework consisting of 13 items: sensational coverage, overstatement, direct wording, method used, details about site/location, photographs, suicide note, generalization, speculation, romanticization, interviews with the bereaved, help-seeking information, and public education. RESULTS: More than 60% of the articles included direct wording (63.9%), mentioned the method used (68.2%), and provided details about the site or location (74.5%). Nearly half of the articles revealed the contents of the suicide note (44.6%). Less than 3% of the suicide reports had information about hotline logo or phone numbers (1.4%) and facts regarding suicide and suicide prevention (2.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that the guidelines were ineffective in their monitoring role and that most of the newspapers were incompliant with many significant guideline items in South Korea. Our findings not only explore the limitations of the current guidelines but also provide an important rationale as to why there should be stronger suicide monitoring regulation or an agency with sufficient authority to prevent suicide in a nation-wide scale.


Asunto(s)
Adhesión a Directriz/estadística & datos numéricos , Guías como Asunto , Periódicos como Asunto/normas , Suicidio , Humanos , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , República de Corea
20.
BMJ Open ; 8(9): e023485, 2018 09 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30224400

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: In 2012, Australia was the first country in the world to introduce plain or standardised tobacco packaging, coupled with larger graphic health warnings. This policy was fiercely opposed by industry. Media coverage can be an influential contributor to public debate, and both public health advocates and industry sought media coverage for their positions. The aim of this study was to measure the print media coverage of Australian's plain packaging laws, from inception to roll-out, in major Australian newspapers. METHODS: This study monitored mainstream Australian print media (17 newspapers) coverage of the plain packaging policy debate and implementation, over a 7-year period from January 2008 to December 2014. Articles (n=701) were coded for article type, opinion slant and topic(s). DESIGN: Content analysis. RESULTS: Coverage of plain packaging was low during preimplementation phase (2008-2009), increasing sharply in the lead into legislative processes and diminished substantially after implementation. Articles covered policy rationale, policy progress and industry arguments. Of the news articles, 96% were neutrally framed. Of the editorials, 55% were supportive, 28% were opposing, 12% were neutral and 5% were mixed. CONCLUSIONS: Protracted political debate, reflected in the media, led to an implementation delay of plain packaging. While Australian media provided comprehensive coverage of industry arguments, news coverage was largely neutral, whereas editorials were mostly supportive or neutral of the policy. Countries seeking to implement plain packaging of tobacco should not be deterred by the volume of news coverage, but should actively promote the evidence for plain packaging in the media to counteract the arguments of the tobacco industry.


Asunto(s)
Política de Salud , Periódicos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Embalaje de Productos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Industria del Tabaco , Productos de Tabaco/legislación & jurisprudencia , Australia , Disentimientos y Disputas , Humanos
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