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1.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1357836, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584933

RESUMEN

Introduction: There is very good international research on deployment-related mental disorders in military personnel. The incidence rates show a very wide range. A new strategy is therefore proposed in order to achieve better standardization and thus better comparability of the studies. In addition to a non-deployed comparison group, we propose to compare deployed soldiers with and without critical military incidents during the deployment. This additional distinction makes it possible to differentiate between the influencing variables of actual threat and general deployment stress. Methods: N = 358 male combat soldiers deployed to Afghanistan were included in the study. Clinical interviews were conducted several days before deployment and after deployment. Of them, n = 80 soldiers suffered a life-threatening military incident during deployment, whereas 278 soldiers did not. Odds ratios (OR) were calculated for the groups with and without critical military incidents and the new onset for PTSD, anxiety disorders and depressive disorders. Results: When comparing both groups, we found significantly higher 1-year incidence rates in the group with critical military incidents: 6.4% vs. 1.1% (OR 6.2) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); 7.0% vs. 1.1% (OR 6.5) for depression; and 15.9% vs. 2.8% (OR 6.6) for anxiety disorders. The 1-year incidence rate of mental multimorbidity (PTSD with anxiety or depression) was 4.8% vs. 0.4% (OR 12.0). Discussion: These results indicate that life-threatening military incidents during military deployment are important to mental health. As the different threat levels of the various missions are taken into account, additional predictors could be determined more precisely in further research.


Asunto(s)
Personal Militar , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Humanos , Masculino , Personal Militar/psicología , Incidencia , Estudios de Cohortes , Afganistán/epidemiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología
2.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 15(1): 2312756, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568596

RESUMEN

Background: Higher alcohol use and military sexual assault (MSA) are associated with increased risk of death by suicide. Risk for death by suicide is rapidly increasing among females, who report higher rates of MSA, yet actual death by suicide and alcohol use are higher among males. It is not well understood whether higher alcohol use confers greater suicide risk in male or female service members and veterans who have experienced MSA.Objective: To determine whether the association between alcohol misuse and suicide risk was moderated by biological sex in a sample of male and female service members (N = 400, 50% female) who reported MSA.Method: Participants completed surveys of alcohol use and suicide risk as well as a demographic inventory. Linear regression with an interaction term was used to determine if suicide risk differed by sex and alcohol use severity after accounting for discharge status, sexual orientation, and age.Results: Average scores on the suicide risk measure were consistent with an inpatient psychiatric sample and scores on the AUDIT-C were indicative of a probable positive screen for alcohol misuse. Suicide risk was most pronounced among males who reported higher levels of hazardous alcohol use. A sensitivity analysis examining suicide risk by sex and screening results for alcohol misuse (positive/negative) showed that men with a probable positive screen had higher suicide risk.Discussion: The current study provides novel findings on suicide risk among survivors of military sexual violence by including both male and female survivors. Interventions to decrease suicide risk following MSA may consider alcohol reduction strategies, and optimizing these interventions in males. Engaging military culture at both the US Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs to encourage more healthy alcohol consumption may mitigate this public health concern. Future research may consider how country of origin relates to these associations.


Average scores for the suicide risk measure and alcohol use were high among a sample of male and female survivors of military sexual assault.Suicide risk was most pronounced among males who reported higher levels of hazardous alcohol use.A sensitivity analysis examining suicide risk by sex and screening results for alcohol misuse (positive/negative) showed that men with a probable positive screen had higher suicide risk.


Asunto(s)
Alcoholismo , Personal Militar , Delitos Sexuales , Suicidio , Veteranos , Femenino , Masculino , Humanos , Alcoholismo/epidemiología , Etanol
3.
J Hist Behav Sci ; 60(2): e22302, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557921

RESUMEN

Economist Nobelist Thomas C. Schelling (1921-2016) is known for his contribution to the analysis of international conflict and many see him as the Cold Warrior par excellence. At a time of great uncertainties and dangers, Schelling combined a deep understanding of strategic analysis, a detailed knowledge of US commitments around the world and an inimitable talent for dissecting everyday behavior, which made him a think tank all on his own. When he turned to the analysis of bargaining in the mid-1950s, one question dominated policy discussions: "How to demonstrate the US commitment to the 'free world'"? Schelling answered unequivocally: By restricting one's choices so as to shift others' expectations and thereby influence their behavior in the desired direction. By the mid-1970s, after he had broken with the US administration and joined the Committee on Substance Abuse and Habitual Behavior, Schelling transposed the tactics deployed in international conflict to the analysis of individuals trying to achieve self-control. In the process, he reproduced the logic of military conflict at the level of the self. The view of a conflicted self itself comprised of two selves made restricted choice the daily routine of individuals who wish to avoid the negative consequences of their present behavior in the future while it promised those who enjoy unbounded freedom of choice an unsettling future.


Asunto(s)
Control de la Conducta , Personal Militar , Humanos , Masculino
5.
Neurol Clin ; 42(2): 341-373, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575256

RESUMEN

Posttraumatic headaches are one of the most common and controversial secondary headache types. After a mild traumatic brain, an estimated 11% to 82% of people develop a postconcussion syndrome, which has been controversial for more than 160 years. Headache is estimated as present in 30% to 90% of patients after a mild head injury. Most headaches are tension-type-like or migraine-like. Headaches in civilians, soldiers, athletes, and postcraniotomy are reviewed. The treatments are the same as for the primary headaches. Persistent posttraumatic headaches can continue for many years.


Asunto(s)
Conmoción Encefálica , Traumatismos Craneocerebrales , Personal Militar , Cefalea Postraumática , Humanos , Cefalea Postraumática/diagnóstico , Cefalea Postraumática/epidemiología , Cefalea Postraumática/etiología , Cefalea/diagnóstico , Cefalea/etiología , Atletas , Conmoción Encefálica/complicaciones
6.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 15(1): 2330305, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590124

RESUMEN

Military personnel and veterans are at heightened risk for exposure to traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as intimate relationship problems associated with PTSD.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative efficacy of CBCT and PE in improving intimate relationship functioning in active duty military personnel or veterans and their intimate partners; both conditions were hypothesized to significantly improve PTSD. Method: In this study, 32 military service members or veterans with PTSD and their intimate partners were randomized to receive either Cognitive-Behavioral Conjoint Therapy for PTSD (n = 15; CBCT; [Monson, C. M., & Fredman, S. J. (2012). Cognitive-behavioral conjoint therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: Harnessing the healing power of relationships. Guilford]), a trauma-focused couple therapy, or Prolonged Exposure (n = 17; PE; [Foa, E. B., Hembree, E. A., Dancu, C. V., Peterson, A. L., Cigrang, J. A., & Riggs, D. S. (2008). Prolonged exposure treatment for combat-related stress disorders - provider's treatment manual [unpublished]. Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania]), a front-line evidence-based individual treatment for PTSD.There were significant challenges with recruitment and a significant difference in dropout from treatment for the two therapies (65% for PE; 27% for CBCT). Treatment dropout was differentially related to pre-treatment relationship functioning; those with below average relationship functioning had higher dropout in PE compared with CBCT, whereas those with above average relationship functioning did not show differential dropout. In general, CBCT led to relational improvements, but this was not consistently found in PE. Clinician- and self-reported PTSD symptoms improved with both treatments.This study is the first to test a couple or family therapy against a well-established, front-line recommended treatment for PTSD, with expected superiority of CBCT over PE on relationship outcomes. Lessons learned in trial design, including considerations of equipoise, and the effects of differential dropout on trial analyses are discussed. This trial provides further support for the efficacy of CBCT in the treatment of PTSD and enhancement of intimate relationships.


Differential dropout from trial of couple versus individual therapy for PTSD.General pattern of improvements in relationship outcomes in couple therapy for PTSD.PTSD symptoms improved in the individual and couple therapy for PTSD.Lessons learned in trial design, including considerations of equipoise, and the effects of differential dropout by condition on trial analyses are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Personal Militar , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Veteranos , Humanos , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/terapia , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/diagnóstico , Resultado del Tratamiento , Cognición
8.
JSLS ; 28(1)2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562949

RESUMEN

Objectives: We present our initial clinical experience applying Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgical (NOTES) technique to perform cholecystectomy in ten patients at a military institution. Methods: A posterior colpotomy was created to accommodate a single site working port used to facilitate dissection and gallbladder mobilization under direct visualization via an infraumbilical port. The specimen was retrieved through the vagina and the colpotomy was closed with absorbable suture under direct visualization. Long-term follow up was performed over the phone to assess quality of life with 2 widely used health-related quality of life (HRQoL) surveys including RAND-36 Health Item Survey (Version 1.0),1 and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI).2. Results: Ten women underwent a laparoscopic-assisted transvaginal cholecystectomy (TVC) with 7 available for long-term follow-up. The average age was 28.9 years (20-37) and the indications for surgery included symptomatic cholelithiasis (9) and biliary dyskinesia (1). The mean operative time was 129 mins (95-180), and median blood loss was 34 ml (5-400). There were no conversions and the average length of stay was 9.98 hours (2.4-28.8). Pain (analogue scale 1-10) on postoperative day three was minimal (mean 2.3) and was limited to the infraumbilical incision. On average patients returned to work by postoperative day six and resumed normal daily activities at seven days. Immediate postoperative complications included one incident of postoperative urinary retention requiring bladder catheterization. One intra-operative cholangiogram was successfully performed due to elevated preoperative liver enzymes without significant findings. Long-term complications included one asymptomatic incisional hernia repair at the infraumbilical port site. The RAND-36 survey demonstrated an average physical and mental health summary score of 82.2 and 63.7 with an average general health score of 63.6. The average FSFI total score was 21.8. Conclusion: TVC is safe and effective. Implementation may improve operational readiness by returning service members to normal activities more expeditiously than conventional laparoscopy.


Asunto(s)
Laparoscopía , Personal Militar , Cirugía Endoscópica por Orificios Naturales , Femenino , Humanos , Adulto , Calidad de Vida , Estudios de Seguimiento , Colecistectomía/métodos , Laparoscopía/métodos , Vagina/cirugía , Cirugía Endoscópica por Orificios Naturales/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía
9.
Am J Disaster Med ; 19(1): 45-51, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597646

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Active duty military surgeons often have limited trauma surgery experience prior to deployment. Consequently, military-civilian training programs have been developed at high-volume trauma centers to evaluate and maintain proficiencies. Advanced Surgical Skills for Exposure in Trauma (ASSET) was incorporated into the predeployment curriculum at the Army Trauma Training Detachment in 2011. This is the first study to assess whether military surgeons demonstrated improved knowledge and increased confidence after taking ASSET. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Quaternary care hospital. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: Attending military surgeons who completed ASSET between July 2011 and October 2020. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pre- and post-course self-reported comfort level with procedures was converted from a five-point Likert scale to a percentage and compared using paired t-tests. RESULTS: In 188 military surgeons, the median time in practice was 3 (1-8) years, with specialties in general surgery (52 percent), orthopedic surgery (29 percent), trauma (7 percent), and other disciplines (12 percent). The completed self-evaluation response rate was 80 percent (n = 151). The self-reported comfort level for all body regions improved following course completion (p < 0.001): chest (27 percent), neck (23 percent), upper extremity (22 percent), lower extremity (21 percent), and abdomen/pelvis (19 percent). The overall score on the competency test improved after completion of ASSET, with averages increasing from 62 ± 18 percent pretest to 71 ± 13 percent post-test (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: After taking the ASSET course, military surgeons demonstrated improved knowledge and increased confidence in the operative skills taught in the course. The ASSET course may provide sustainment of knowledge and confidence if used at regular intervals to maintain trauma skills and deployment readiness.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Militar , Personal Militar , Cirujanos , Traumatología , Humanos , Traumatología/educación , Estudios Retrospectivos , Competencia Clínica
11.
Fam Med ; 56(3): 190-194, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467036

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires education on health care disparities (HCD), but research assessing formal curricula is limited. To improve knowledge and confidence in HCD, the family medicine residency program at Darnall Army Medical Center implemented a formal HCD curriculum. METHODS: During the 2021-2022 academic year, starting July 2021, a formal HCD curriculum was implemented for family medicine residents and faculty. Ten lectures on HCDs and implicit bias were given over the course of the year. Residents and faculty were asked to incorporate HCD into their regular continuing medical education lectures. ACGME survey data as well as a pre- and postcurriculum survey were used to assess HCD knowledge and confidence. Descriptive statistics and a paired-sample t tests were calculated to compare pre- to postcurriculum changes. RESULTS: The percentage of residents who reported that they had received HCD education increased from 72% on the 2021 ACGME survey to 100% in 2022 (N=18). We found a significant (P<.05) improvement in knowledge and confidence across 11 of 12 questions on the pre- and postcurriculum survey. CONCLUSIONS: A formal curriculum in a military family medicine residency setting was effective for improving self-reported HCD knowledge and confidence.


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia , Personal Militar , Humanos , Disparidades en Atención de Salud , Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria/educación , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina , Curriculum
12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(5)2024 Feb 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474886

RESUMEN

Measuring human body dimensions is critical for many engineering and product design domains. Nonetheless, acquiring body dimension data for populations using typical anthropometric methods poses challenges due to the time-consuming nature of manual methods. The measurement process for three-dimensional (3D) whole-body scanning can be much faster, but 3D scanning typically requires subjects to change into tight-fitting clothing, which increases time and cost and introduces privacy concerns. To address these and other issues in current anthropometry techniques, a measurement system was developed based on portable, low-cost depth cameras. Point-cloud data from the sensors are fit using a model-based method, Inscribed Fitting, which finds the most likely body shape in the statistical body shape space and providing accurate estimates of body characteristics. To evaluate the system, 144 young adults were measured manually and with two levels of military ensembles using the system. The results showed that the prediction accuracy for the clothed scans remained at a similar level to the accuracy for the minimally clad scans. This approach will enable rapid measurement of clothed populations with reduced time compared to manual and typical scan-based methods.


Asunto(s)
Imagenología Tridimensional , Personal Militar , Adulto Joven , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional/métodos , Antropometría/métodos , Cuerpo Humano , Vestuario
13.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 82(3): 1-2, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467394

RESUMEN

In 1912, Friedrich Lewy described the inclusion bodies present in Parkinson disease and in Lewy body dementia. Throughout his life, Lewy fought in two wars - on opposite sides. He was born in Berlin in a Jewish family, and served in the German Army in World War I. In the following years, on many occasions he had to change his line of research due to Nazi persecution. Lewy became a naturalized American, changed his name to Frederic Henry Lewey, and served in the US Army as a lieutenant colonel. Lewy died in 1950 and never used the famous eponym in his papers.


Em 1912, Friedrich Lewy descreveu os corpos de inclusão presentes na doença de Parkinson e na demência com corpos de Lewy. Ao longo sua vida, Lewy lutou em duas guerras, em lados opostos. Ele nasceu em Berlin em uma família de origem judaica e serviu no Exército alemão na Primeira Guerra Mundial. Nos anos seguintes, passou muitas vezes teve de mudar sua linha de pesquisa devido à perseguição Nazista. Lewy naturalizou-se americano, mudou seu nome para Frederic Henry Lewey, e serviu no Exército americano como tenente-coronel. Lewy morreu em 1950 e nunca usou o famoso epônimo em seus artigos.


Asunto(s)
Personal Militar , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Masculino , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Enfermedad de Parkinson/historia , Epónimos , Primera Guerra Mundial
14.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1324663, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454988

RESUMEN

Introduction: This study investigated the clustering of health behaviors among US active duty servicemembers (ADSM) into risk profiles and explored the association between these profiles with ADSM sociodemographic characteristics and mental health status. Methods: This study utilized secondary data from the 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey (HRBS), a Department of Defense (DoD) self-administered online survey. Health behaviors included physical activity, screen use, sleep habits, tobacco/substance use, alcohol drinking, preventive health care seeking and condom use at last sex/having multiple sexual partners. Past-year mental health status was measured using the Kessler Screening Scale for Psychological Distress (K6). Latent class analysis (LCA) on health behaviors was used to cluster ADSMs into risk profiles. Multivariable logistic model was used to examine whether ADSM characteristics and mental health status were associated with ADSMs' risk profiles. Results: The LCA identified a four-class model that clustered ADSMs into the following sub-groups: (1) Risk Inclined (14.4%), (2) High Screen Users (51.1%), (3) Poor Sleepers (23.9%) and (4) Risk Averse (10.6). Over a tenth (16.4%) of ADSMs were categorized as having serious psychological distress. Being male, younger, less educated, in the Army, Marine Corps or Navy were associated with higher odds of being Risk Inclined (AOR ranging from 1.26 to 2.42). Compared to the reference group of Risk Adverse ADSMs, those categorized as Risk Inclined (AOR: 8.30; 95% CI: 5.16-13.36), High Screen Users (AOR: 2.44; 95% CI: 1.56-3.82) and Poor Sleepers (AOR: 5.26; 95% CI: 3.38-8.19) had significantly higher odds of having serious psychological distress. Discussion: Study findings suggest opportunities to tailor behavioral and health promotion interventions for each of the distinct risk profiles. For example, ADSM described as Risk Inclined may benefit from preventive mental health services. Solutions for ADSM described as Poor Sleepers may include education on sleep hygiene; instituting duty schedules; and shifting military cultural norms to promote sleep hygiene as a pathway to optimal performance and thus military readiness. ADSM with low-risk behavior profiles such as those described as Risk Averse may prove beneficial in the roll-out of interventions as they act as peer-educators or mentors.


Asunto(s)
Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Personal Militar , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Personal Militar/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Ejercicio Físico , Estado de Salud
15.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 792, 2024 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481162

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Many work-related stresses are experienced by oncologists. Ukraine is currently undergoing numerous crises, including the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and military conflicts, which represent stressful situations. The aim of this study was to explore the personal resources that Ukrainian oncologists use to cope with work demands in a situation featuring manifold crises. This study identified the ways in which people deal with stressful situations and the roles that they play in shaping the challenging situations that they encounter (work-related behavior) as well as how they cope with stress (stress management). METHODS: Forty oncologists (18 men and 22 women) working in a clinic in Kharkiv (Ukraine) with an average age of 46.3 ± 13.37 years (ranging from 26 to 74 years) participated in this study. The occupational psychological survey consisted of the Work-Related Behavior and Experience Patterns (German: Arbeitsbezogenes Verhaltens- und Erlebensmuster, AVEM) questionnaire, which was developed by Schaarschmidt and Fischer, and the Differential Stress Inventory (DSI), which was developed by Léfevre and Kubinger. RESULTS: 65% of oncologists exhibited AVEM risk pattern A or B. No gender differences were observed with regard to the distribution of AVEM patterns. Women obtained significantly higher scores than did men on only one dimension: experience of social support (4.86 vs. 3.44; p = 0.045). When the DSI categories were differentiated by gender, no significant differences were observed. Spearman's correlation analysis revealed a medium-sized correlation between perfection striving and palliative coping (ρ = 0.404). CONCLUSIONS: Few gender-based differences in work-related behaviors, experiences, and stress management strategies are evident among oncologists. AVEM risk patterns are more prevalent among Ukrainian oncologists than among comparable occupational groups, and interventions in the context of health management are recommended.


Asunto(s)
Personal Militar , Estrés Laboral , Oncólogos , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adaptación Psicológica , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
16.
MSMR ; 31(2): 9-15, 2024 02 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466970

RESUMEN

Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumors of the uterus among women of reproductive age, disproportionally affecting non-Hispanic Black women compared to other races and ethnicities. This report is an update of a 2011 MSMR report that examined uterine fibroids among female active component service members in the U.S. Armed Forces from 2001 to 2010. Incident uterine fibroids were identified for this report from inpatient and outpatient medical encounter data from 2011 to 2022. Health care burden was estimated utilizing uterine fibroid-related inpatient and outpatient diagnostic and procedure codes. Crude incidence rates and incidence rate ratios were calculated to compare rate differences between subpopulations. A total of 16,046 new uterine fibroid cases were identified, with an incidence rate of 63.5 cases per 10,000 person-years (95% confidence interval: 62.5-64.5). The highest incidence rates were observed among service women 40 years and older, non-Hispanic Black women, and those who served in the Army. Health care burden analysis showed that, even with increases in medical encounters and individuals affected, the numbers of hospital bed days declined over time. The decline in uterine fibroid-related hospital bed days could be attributed to early diagnoses and minimally-invasive treatments. Continued promotion of uterine fibroid awareness can potentially help further reduce uterine fibroid-related impacts on military readiness.


Asunto(s)
Leiomioma , Personal Militar , Neoplasias Uterinas , Femenino , Humanos , Incidencia , Carga del Cuidador , Leiomioma/epidemiología , Neoplasias Uterinas/epidemiología
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 922: 171342, 2024 Apr 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428594

RESUMEN

Single-pollutant methods to evaluate associations between endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and thyroid cancer risk may not reflect realistic human exposures. Therefore, we evaluated associations between exposure to a mixture of 18 EDCs, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), brominated flame retardants, and organochlorine pesticides, and risk of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), the most common thyroid cancer histological subtype. We conducted a nested case-control study among U.S. military servicemembers of 652 histologically-confirmed PTC cases diagnosed between 2000 and 2013 and 652 controls, matched on birth year, sex, race/ethnicity, military component (active duty/reserve), and serum sample timing. We estimated mixture odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), and standard errors (SE) for associations between pre-diagnostic serum EDC mixture concentrations, overall PTC risk, and risk of histological subtypes of PTC (classical, follicular), adjusted for body mass index and military branch, using quantile g-computation. Additionally, we identified relative contributions of individual mixture components to PTC risk, represented by positive and negative weights (w). A one-quartile increase in the serum mixture concentration was associated with a non-statistically significant increase in overall PTC risk (OR = 1.19; 95% CI = 0.91, 1.56; SE = 0.14). Stratified by histological subtype and race (White, Black), a one-quartile increase in the mixture was associated with increased classical PTC risk among those of White race (OR = 1.59; 95% CI = 1.06, 2.40; SE = 0.21), but not of Black race (OR = 0.95; 95% CI = 0.34, 2.68; SE = 0.53). PCBs 180, 199, and 118 had the greatest positive weights driving this association among those of White race (w = 0.312, 0.255, and 0.119, respectively). Findings suggest that exposure to an EDC mixture may be associated with increased classical PTC risk. These findings warrant further investigation in other study populations to better understand PTC risk by histological subtype and race.


Asunto(s)
Disruptores Endocrinos , Contaminantes Ambientales , Personal Militar , Bifenilos Policlorados , Neoplasias de la Tiroides , Humanos , Cáncer Papilar Tiroideo/inducido químicamente , Cáncer Papilar Tiroideo/epidemiología , Disruptores Endocrinos/toxicidad , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Contaminantes Ambientales/análisis , Neoplasias de la Tiroides/inducido químicamente , Neoplasias de la Tiroides/epidemiología
19.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0295007, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498486

RESUMEN

Multiple adjustment difficulties have been associated with children's exposure to recent parental wartime military deployments, but long-term consequences have not yet been systematically studied. This investigation will assess direct and indirect relationships between exposures to parental deployments early in life and later youth adjustment. Parents' psychological health and family processes will be examined as mediators, and parents' and children's vulnerability and support will be examined as moderators. Archival data will be combined with new data gathered from two children and up to two parents in families where children will be aged 11 to 16 at the first data collection and will have experienced at least one parental deployment, for at least one child prior to age 6. Data are being gathered via telephone interviews and web-based surveys conducted twice one year apart. Outcomes are indicators of children's social-emotional development, behavior, and academic performance. Notable features of this study include oversampling of female service members, inclusion of siblings, and inclusion of families of both veterans and currently serving members. This study has potentially important implications for schools, community organizations and health care providers serving current and future cohorts of military and veteran families.


Asunto(s)
Padre , Personal Militar , Masculino , Niño , Adolescente , Humanos , Femenino , Padre/psicología , Madres/psicología , Padres/psicología , Emociones
20.
MSMR ; 31(2): 2-8, 2024 02 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466968

RESUMEN

The Recruit Assessment Program (RAP) is a cross-sectional, baseline survey of U.S. Marine recruits administered at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego. This report presents RAP study procedures and survey content that was administered to 229,015 participants between 2003 and 2021. Self-reported data were collected on recruit demographics, physical and mental health, adverse life experiences, lifestyle and risky behaviors, and substance use. In 2013, the survey was updated to remove questions with other linkable and reliable sources and those with low completion rates and low relevance to Marine health research; the removal of these items allowed for the addition of instrument measures for major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anger, and resilience with no significant change to overall survey length. Average completion rates are approximately 95%. Multiple studies have shown the utility of RAP data collected thus far as a robust data repository of pre-service health and behavioral measures.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno Depresivo , Personal Militar , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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