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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 647, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727981

RESUMEN

Calcium (Ca2+) is a universal signaling molecule that is tightly regulated, and a fleeting elevation in cytosolic concentration triggers a signal cascade within the cell, which is crucial for several processes such as growth, tolerance to stress conditions, and virulence in fungi. The link between calcium and calcium-dependent gene regulation in cells relies on the transcription factor Calcineurin-Responsive Zinc finger 1 (CRZ1). The direct regulation of approximately 300 genes in different stress pathways makes it a hot topic in host-pathogen interactions. Notably, CRZ1 can modulate several pathways and orchestrate cellular responses to different types of environmental insults such as osmotic stress, oxidative stress, and membrane disruptors. It is our belief that CRZ1 provides the means for tightly modulating and synchronizing several pathways allowing pathogenic fungi to install into the apoplast and eventually penetrate plant cells (i.e., ROS, antimicrobials, and quick pH variation). This review discusses the structure, function, regulation of CRZ1 in fungal physiology and its role in plant pathogen virulence.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas Fúngicas , Hongos , Regulación Fúngica de la Expresión Génica , Plantas , Factores de Transcripción , Factores de Transcripción/metabolismo , Factores de Transcripción/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Plantas/microbiología , Plantas/metabolismo , Hongos/patogenicidad , Hongos/genética , Hongos/metabolismo , Virulencia/genética , Interacciones Huésped-Patógeno/genética , Calcio/metabolismo , Enfermedades de las Plantas/microbiología , Enfermedades de las Plantas/genética
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10706, 2024 05 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729979

RESUMEN

Wildfires, as an environmental filter, are pivotal ecological disturbances that reshape plant communities and soil dynamics, playing a crucial role in regulating biogeographic patterns and ecosystem services. In this study, we aim to explore the effects of wildfires on forest ecosystems, specifically focusing on the plant-soil feedback mechanisms within the northeastern margin of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). Utilizing Partial Least Squares Path Modeling (PLS-PM), we investigated the interrelationships among soil physicochemical properties, enzyme activities, species diversity, and community stability at varying post-fire recovery stages (5, 15, and 23 years). Results indicated that in the early recovery stages, rapid changes in soil properties such as decreased pH (p < 0.001) and increased nutrient availability facilitate the emergence of early successional species with high resource utilization traits. As the ecosystem evolved toward a climax community, the soil and vegetation exhibit increased stability. Furthermore, soil enzyme activities displayed dynamic patterns that corresponded with changes in soil nutrient content, directly influencing the regeneration and diversity of plant communities. Importantly, our study documented a transition in the influence of soil properties on community stability from direct positive effects in initial recovery phases to negative impacts in later stages, while indirect benefits accrue through increased species diversity and enzyme activity. Vegetation composition and structure changed dynamically with recovery time during community succession. Plant nutrient absorption and accumulation affected nutrient dynamics in the soil, influencing plant regeneration, distribution, and diversity. Our results underscore the complex interactions between soil and vegetation that drive the recovery dynamics post-wildfire, highlighting the resilience of forest ecosystems to fire disturbances. This study contributes to the understanding of post-fire recovery processes and offers valuable insights for the management and restoration of fire-affected forest ecosystems.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Suelo , Incendios Forestales , Suelo/química , Tibet , Bosques , Biodiversidad , Plantas/metabolismo
3.
Plant Signal Behav ; 19(1): 2345413, 2024 Dec 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709727

RESUMEN

The 21st-century "plant neurobiology" movement is an amalgam of scholars interested in how "neural processes", broadly defined, lead to changes in plant behavior. Integral to the movement (now called plant behavioral biology) is a triad of historically marginalized subdisciplines, namely plant ethology, whole plant electrophysiology and plant comparative psychology, that set plant neurobiology apart from the mainstream. A central tenet held by these "triad disciplines" is that plants are exquisitely sensitive to environmental perturbations and that destructive experimental manipulations rapidly and profoundly affect plant function. Since destructive measurements have been the norm in plant physiology, much of our "textbook knowledge" concerning plant physiology is unrelated to normal plant function. As such, scientists in the triad disciplines favor a more natural and holistic approach toward understanding plant function. By examining the history, philosophy, sociology and psychology of the triad disciplines, this paper refutes in eight ways the criticism that plant neurobiology presents nothing new, and that the topics of plant neurobiology fall squarely under the purview of mainstream plant physiology. It is argued that although the triad disciplines and mainstream plant physiology share the common goal of understanding plant function, they are distinct in having their own intellectual histories and epistemologies.


Asunto(s)
Neurobiología , Fenómenos Fisiológicos de las Plantas , Plantas , Plantas/metabolismo
4.
J Exp Bot ; 75(9): 2599-2603, 2024 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699987

RESUMEN

This Special Issue was assembled to mark the 25th anniversary of the proposal of the d -mannose/ l -galactose (Smirnoff-Wheeler) ascorbate biosynthesis pathway in plants ( Wheeler et al., 1998 ). The issue aims to assess the current state of knowledge and to identify outstanding questions about ascorbate metabolism and functions in plants.


Asunto(s)
Ácido Ascórbico , Plantas , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11023, 2024 05 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744922

RESUMEN

Encroachment of vascular plants (VP) in temperate raised bogs, as a consequence of altered hydrological conditions and nutrient input, is widely observed. Effects of such vegetation shift on water and carbon cycles are, however, largely unknown and identification of responsible plant physiological traits is challenging. Process-based modelling offers the opportunity of gaining insights into ecosystem functioning beyond observations, and to infer decisive trait shifts of plant functional groups. We adapted the Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Transfer model pyAPES to a temperate raised bog site by calibration against measured peat temperature, water table and surface CO2 fluxes. We identified the most important traits determining CO2 fluxes by conducting Morris sensitivity analysis (MSA) under changing conditions throughout the year and simulated VP encroachment. We further investigated transferability of results to other sites by extending MSA to parameter ranges derived from literature review. We found highly variable intra-annual plant traits importance determining ecosystem CO2 fluxes, but only a partial shift of importance of photosynthetic processes from moss to VP during encroachment. Ecosystem respiration was dominated by peat respiration. Overall, carboxylation rate, base respiration rate and temperature sensitivity (Q10) were most important for determining bog CO2 balance and parameter ranking was robust even under the extended MSA.


Asunto(s)
Dióxido de Carbono , Ecosistema , Plantas , Estaciones del Año , Humedales , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Dióxido de Carbono/análisis , Plantas/metabolismo , Suelo/química , Fotosíntesis , Ciclo del Carbono , Temperatura , Modelos Teóricos , Atmósfera
6.
PeerJ ; 12: e17286, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708356

RESUMEN

Drought and salinity are the major abiotic stress factors negatively affecting the morphophysiological, biochemical, and anatomical characteristics of numerous plant species worldwide. The detrimental effects of these environmental factors can be seen in leaf and stem anatomical structures including the decrease in thickness of cell walls, palisade and spongy tissue, phloem and xylem tissue. Also, the disintegration of grana staking, and an increase in the size of mitochondria were observed under salinity and drought conditions. Drought and salt stresses can significantly decrease plant height, number of leaves and branches, leaf area, fresh and dry weight, or plant relative water content (RWC%) and concentration of photosynthetic pigments. On the other hand, stress-induced lipid peroxidation and malondialdehyde (MDA) production, electrolyte leakage (EL%), and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) can increase under salinity and drought conditions. Antioxidant defense systems such as catalase, peroxidase, glutathione reductase, ascorbic acid, and gamma-aminobutyric acid are essential components under drought and salt stresses to protect the plant organelles from oxidative damage caused by ROS. The application of safe and eco-friendly treatments is a very important strategy to overcome the adverse effects of drought and salinity on the growth characteristics and yield of plants. It is shown that treatments with plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) can improve morphoanatomical characteristics under salinity and drought stress. It is also shown that yeast extract, mannitol, proline, melatonin, silicon, chitosan, α-Tocopherols (vitamin E), and biochar alleviate the negative effects of drought and salinity stresses through the ROS scavenging resulting in the improvement of plant attributes and yield of the stressed plants. This review discusses the role of safety and eco-friendly treatments in alleviating the harmful effects of salinity and drought associated with the improvement of the anatomical, morphophysiological, and biochemical features in plants.


Asunto(s)
Estrés Fisiológico , Estrés Fisiológico/efectos de los fármacos , Sequías , Desarrollo de la Planta/efectos de los fármacos , Bacterias/metabolismo , Bacterias/efectos de los fármacos , Salinidad , Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/efectos de los fármacos
7.
J Biosci ; 492024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726827

RESUMEN

Metabolism is the key cellular process of plant physiology. Understanding metabolism and its dynamical behavior under different conditions may help plant biotechnologists to design new cultivars with desired goals. Computational systems biochemistry and incorporation of different omics data unravelled active metabolism and its variations in plants. In this review, we mainly focus on the basics of flux balance analysis (FBA), elementary flux mode analysis (EFMA), and some advanced computational tools. We describe some important results that were obtained using these tools. Limitations and challenges are also discussed.


Asunto(s)
Plantas , Biología de Sistemas , Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/genética , Redes y Vías Metabólicas/genética , Análisis de Flujos Metabólicos , Modelos Biológicos , Fenómenos Fisiológicos de las Plantas
8.
J Plant Res ; 137(3): 343-357, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693461

RESUMEN

Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient for plant life and growth. P is primarily acquired in the form of inorganic phosphate (Pi) from soil. To cope with Pi deficiency, plants have evolved an elaborate system to improve Pi acquisition and utilization through an array of developmental and physiological changes, termed Pi starvation response (PSR). Plants also assemble and manage mutualistic microbes to enhance Pi uptake, through integrating PSR and immunity signaling. A trade-off between plant growth and defense favors the notion that plants lower a cellular state of immunity to accommodate host-beneficial microbes for nutrition and growth at the cost of infection risk. However, the existing data indicate that plants selectively activate defense responses against pathogens, but do not or less against non-pathogens, even under nutrient deficiency. In this review, we highlight recent advances in the principles and mechanisms with which plants balance immunity and growth-related processes to optimize their adaptation to Pi deficiency.


Asunto(s)
Fosfatos , Inmunidad de la Planta , Fosfatos/deficiencia , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Plantas/inmunología , Plantas/microbiología , Plantas/metabolismo , Transducción de Señal
9.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302496, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709760

RESUMEN

Adult mosquitoes require regular sugar meals, including nectar, to survive in natural habitats. Both males and females locate potential sugar sources using sensory proteins called odorant receptors (ORs) activated by plant volatiles to orient toward flowers or honeydew. The yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762), possesses a large gene family of ORs, many of which are likely to detect floral odors. In this study, we have uncovered ligand-receptor pairings for a suite of Aedes aegypti ORs using a panel of environmentally relevant, plant-derived volatile chemicals and a heterologous expression system. Our results support the hypothesis that these odors mediate sensory responses to floral odors in the mosquito's central nervous system, thereby influencing appetitive or aversive behaviors. Further, these ORs are well conserved in other mosquitoes, suggesting they function similarly in diverse species. This information can be used to assess mosquito foraging behavior and develop novel control strategies, especially those that incorporate mosquito bait-and-kill technologies.


Asunto(s)
Aedes , Flores , Receptores Odorantes , Compuestos Orgánicos Volátiles , Animales , Aedes/fisiología , Aedes/metabolismo , Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo , Receptores Odorantes/genética , Compuestos Orgánicos Volátiles/metabolismo , Compuestos Orgánicos Volátiles/análisis , Femenino , Masculino , Fiebre Amarilla/transmisión , Odorantes/análisis , Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/química
10.
Plant Mol Biol ; 114(3): 53, 2024 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714550

RESUMEN

Plants have a variety of regulatory mechanisms to perceive, transduce, and respond to biotic and abiotic stress. One such mechanism is the calcium-sensing CBL-CIPK system responsible for the sensing of specific stressors, such as drought or pathogens. CBLs perceive and bind Calcium (Ca2+) in response to stress and then interact with CIPKs to form an activated complex. This leads to the phosphorylation of downstream targets, including transporters and ion channels, and modulates transcription factor levels and the consequent levels of stress-associated genes. This review describes the mechanisms underlying the response of the CBL-CIPK pathway to biotic and abiotic stresses, including regulating ion transport channels, coordinating plant hormone signal transduction, and pathways related to ROS signaling. Investigation of the function of the CBL-CIPK pathway is important for understanding plant stress tolerance and provides a promising avenue for molecular breeding.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas de Plantas , Transducción de Señal , Estrés Fisiológico , Estrés Fisiológico/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Plantas/genética , Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Unión al Calcio/genética , Proteínas de Unión al Calcio/metabolismo , Calcio/metabolismo , Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo
11.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(6): 502, 2024 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700594

RESUMEN

Water pollution is an inextricable problem that stems from natural and human-related factors. Unfortunately, with rapid industrialization, the problem has escalated to alarming levels. The pollutants that contribute to water pollution include heavy metals (HMs), chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and other industrial byproducts. Numerous methods are used for treating HMs in wastewater, like ion exchange, membrane filtration, chemical precipitation, adsorption, and electrochemical treatment. But the remediation through the plant, i.e., phytoremediation is the most sustainable approach to remove the contaminants from wastewater. Aquatic plants illustrate the capacity to absorb excess pollutants including organic and inorganic compounds, HMs, and pharmaceutical residues present in agricultural, residential, and industrial discharges. The extensive exploitation of these hyperaccumulator plants can be attributed to their abundance, invasive mechanisms, potential for bioaccumulation, and biomass production. Post-phytoremediation, plant biomass can be toxic to both water bodies and soil. Therefore, the circular bioeconomy approach can be applied to reuse and repurpose the toxic plant biomass into different circular bioeconomy byproducts such as biochar, biogas, bioethanol, and biodiesel is essential. In this regard, the current review highlights the potential strategies for the phytoremediation of HMs in wastewater and various strategies to efficiently reuse metal-enriched biomass material and produce commercially valuable products. The implementation of circular bioeconomy practices can help overcome significant obstacles and build a new platform for an eco-friendlier lifestyle.


Asunto(s)
Biodegradación Ambiental , Metales Pesados , Aguas Residuales , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Metales Pesados/metabolismo , Metales Pesados/análisis , Aguas Residuales/química , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/metabolismo , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos/métodos , Plantas/metabolismo
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732211

RESUMEN

In the face of climate-induced challenges, understanding the intricate molecular mechanisms underlying drought tolerance in plants has become imperative [...].


Asunto(s)
Sequías , Seguridad Alimentaria , Estrés Fisiológico , Plantas/genética , Plantas/metabolismo , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Fenómenos Fisiológicos de las Plantas
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732261

RESUMEN

Abiotic stressors, including drought, salt, cold, and heat, profoundly impact plant growth and development, forcing elaborate cellular responses for adaptation and resilience. Among the crucial orchestrators of these responses is the CBL-CIPK pathway, comprising calcineurin B-like proteins (CBLs) and CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs). While CIPKs act as serine/threonine protein kinases, transmitting calcium signals, CBLs function as calcium sensors, influencing the plant's response to abiotic stress. This review explores the intricate interactions between the CBL-CIPK pathway and plant hormones such as ABA, auxin, ethylene, and jasmonic acid (JA). It highlights their role in fine-tuning stress responses for optimal survival and acclimatization. Building on previous studies that demonstrated the enhanced stress tolerance achieved by upregulating CBL and CIPK genes, we explore the regulatory mechanisms involving post-translational modifications and protein-protein interactions. Despite significant contributions from prior research, gaps persist in understanding the nuanced interplay between the CBL-CIPK system and plant hormone signaling under diverse abiotic stress conditions. In contrast to broader perspectives, our review focuses on the interaction of the pathway with crucial plant hormones and its implications for genetic engineering interventions to enhance crop stress resilience. This specialized perspective aims to contribute novel insights to advance our understanding of the potential of the CBL-CIPK pathway to mitigate crops' abiotic stress.


Asunto(s)
Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas , Transducción de Señal , Estrés Fisiológico , Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinasas/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinasas/genética , Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/genética
14.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(6): 541, 2024 May 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735978

RESUMEN

Metal pollution in water, soil, and vegetation is an emerging environmental issue. Therefore, this study investigated the abundance of heavy metals (HMs) within roots and shoots of native plant species i.e., Bromus pectinatus, Cynodon dactylon, Poa annua, Euphorbia heliscopa, Anagallis arvensis, and Stellaria media grown in the adjoining area of municipal wastewater channels of a Pakistani city of Abbottabad. HMs concentrations (mg L-1) in municipal wastewater were: chromium (Cr) (0.55) > nickel (Ni) (0.09) > lead (Pb) (0.07) > cadmium (Cd) (0.03). Accumulation of HMs in both roots and shoots of plant species varied as B. pectinatus > C. dactylon > P. annua > E. heliscopa > A. arvensis > S. media. Irrespective of the plant species, roots exhibited higher concentrations of HMs than shoots. Higher amount of Cr (131.70 mg kg-1) was detected in the roots of B. pectinatus and the lowest amount (81 mg kg-1) in A. arvensis, Highest Cd concentration was found in the shoot of B. pectinatus and the lowest in the E. heliscopa. The highest concentration of Ni was found in the roots of S. media (37.40 mg kg-1) and the shoot of C. dactylon (15.70 mg kg-1) whereas the lowest Ni concentration was achieved in the roots of A. arvensis (12.10 mg kg-1) and the shoot of E. heliscopa (5.90 mg kg-1). The concentration of HMs in individual plant species was less than 1000 mg kg-1. Considering the higher values (> 1) of biological concentration factor (BCF), biological accumulation co-efficient (BAC), and translocation factor (TF), B. pectinatus and S. media species showed greater potential for HMs accumulation than other species. Therefore, these plants might be helpful for the remediation of HM-contaminated soil.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Metales Pesados , Raíces de Plantas , Contaminantes del Suelo , Aguas Residuales , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Metales Pesados/metabolismo , Aguas Residuales/química , Raíces de Plantas/metabolismo , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/metabolismo , Pakistán , Contaminantes del Suelo/metabolismo , Brotes de la Planta/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo
15.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731602

RESUMEN

Diverse secondary metabolites in plants, with their rich biological activities, have long been important sources for human medicine, food additives, pesticides, etc. However, the large-scale cultivation of host plants consumes land resources and is susceptible to pest and disease problems. Additionally, the multi-step and demanding nature of chemical synthesis adds to production costs, limiting their widespread application. In vitro cultivation and the metabolic engineering of plants have significantly enhanced the synthesis of secondary metabolites with successful industrial production cases. As synthetic biology advances, more research is focusing on heterologous synthesis using microorganisms. This review provides a comprehensive comparison between these two chassis, evaluating their performance in the synthesis of various types of secondary metabolites from the perspectives of yield and strategies. It also discusses the challenges they face and offers insights into future efforts and directions.


Asunto(s)
Ingeniería Metabólica , Plantas , Metabolismo Secundario , Plantas/metabolismo , Ingeniería Metabólica/métodos , Biología Sintética/métodos
16.
Bioresour Technol ; 401: 130751, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38685517

RESUMEN

Rare earth elements (REEs) are pivotal for advanced technologies, driving a surge in global demand. Import dependency on clean energy minerals raises concerns about supply chain vulnerabilities and geopolitical risks. Conventional REEs productionis resource-intensive and environmentally harmful, necessitating a sustainable supply approach. Phytomining (agromining) utilizes plants for eco-friendly REE extraction, contributing to the circular economy and exploiting untapped metal resources in enriched soils. Critical parameters like soil pH, Casparian strip, and REE valence influence soil and plant uptake bioavailability. Hyperaccumulator species efficiently accumulate REEs, serving as energy resources. Despite a lack of a comprehensive database, phytomining exhibits lower environmental impacts due to minimal chemical usage and CO2 absorption. This review proposes phytomining as a system for REEs extraction, remediating contaminated areas, and rehabilitating abandoned mines. The phytomining of REEs offers a promising avenue for sustainable REEs extraction but requires technological advancements to realize its full potential.


Asunto(s)
Metales de Tierras Raras , Plantas , Plantas/metabolismo , Biodegradación Ambiental , Contaminantes del Suelo/metabolismo , Suelo/química , Minería
17.
J Plant Res ; 137(3): 315-330, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668956

RESUMEN

Phosphorus is indispensable for plant growth and development, with its status crucial for determining crop productivity. Plants have evolved various biochemical, morphological, and developmental responses to thrive under conditions of low P availability, as inorganic phosphate (Pi), the primary form of P uptake, is often insoluble in soils. Over the past 25 years, extensive research has focused on understanding these responses, collectively forming the Pi starvation response system. This effort has not only expanded our knowledge of strategies to cope with Pi starvation (PS) but also confirmed their adaptive significance. Moreover, it has identified and characterized numerous components of the intricate regulatory network governing P homeostasis. This review emphasizes recent advances in PS signaling, particularly highlighting the physiological importance of local PS signaling in inhibiting primary root growth and uncovering the role of TORC1 signaling in this process. Additionally, advancements in understanding shoot-root Pi allocation and a novel technique for studying Pi distribution in plants are discussed. Furthermore, emerging data on the regulation of plant-microorganism interactions by the PS regulatory system, crosstalk between the signaling pathways of phosphate starvation, phytohormones and immunity, and recent studies on natural variation in Pi homeostasis are addressed.


Asunto(s)
Fosfatos , Plantas , Transducción de Señal , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo , Raíces de Plantas/metabolismo , Raíces de Plantas/fisiología , Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas/metabolismo , Homeostasis , Desarrollo de la Planta
18.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 210: 108603, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583315

RESUMEN

The rapid growth of nanotechnology has led to the production of a significant amount of engineered nanomaterials (NMs), raising concerns about their impact on various domains. This study investigates the negative interactions between NMs and phytohormones in plants, revealing the changes in signaling crosstalk, integrated responses and ecological repercussions caused by NM pollution. Phytohormones, which include auxins, cytokinins, gibberellins, abscisic acid, ethylene, jasmonic acid, salicylic acid and brassinosteroids are essential for plant growth, development, and stress responses. This review examines the intricate relationships between NMs and phytohormones, highlighting disruptions in signaling crosstalk, integrated responses, and ecological consequences in plants due to NM pollution. Various studies demonstrate that exposure to NMs can lead to alterations in gene expression, enzyme functions, and ultimately affect plant growth and stress tolerance. Exposure to NMs has the capacity to affect plant phytohormone reactions by changing their levels, biosynthesis, and signaling mechanisms, indicating a complex interrelation between NMs and phytohormone pathways. The complexity of the relationships between NMs and phytohormones necessitates further research, utilizing modern molecular techniques, to unravel the intricate molecular mechanisms and develop strategies to mitigate the ecological consequences of NM pollution. This review provides valuable insights for researchers and environmentalists concerned about the disruptive effects of NMs on regulating phytohormone networks in plants.


Asunto(s)
Nanoestructuras , Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas , Plantas , Nanoestructuras/toxicidad , Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/efectos de los fármacos , Plantas/metabolismo , Desarrollo de la Planta/efectos de los fármacos
19.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 210: 108619, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604013

RESUMEN

Rhizosphere interactions from plant-soil-microbiome occur dynamically all the time in the "black microzone" underground, where we can't see intuitively. Rhizosphere metabolites including root exudates and microbial metabolites act as various chemical signalings involving in rhizosphere interactions, and play vital roles on plant growth, development, disease suppression and resistance to stress conditions as well as proper soil health. Although rhizosphere metabolites are a mixture from plant roots and soil microbes, they often are discussed alone. As a rapid appearance of various omics platforms and analytical methods, it offers possibilities and opportunities for exploring rhizosphere interactions in unprecedented breadth and depth. However, our comprehensive understanding about the fine-tuning mechanisms of rhizosphere interactions mediated by these chemical compounds still remain clear. Thus, this review summarizes recent advances systemically including the features of rhizosphere metabolites and their effects on rhizosphere ecosystem, and looks forward to the future research perspectives, which contributes to facilitating better understanding of biochemical communications belowground and helping identify novel rhizosphere metabolites. We also address challenges for promoting the understanding about the roles of rhizosphere metabolites in different environmental stresses.


Asunto(s)
Raíces de Plantas , Rizosfera , Microbiología del Suelo , Raíces de Plantas/microbiología , Raíces de Plantas/metabolismo , Agricultura/métodos , Microbiota/fisiología , Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/microbiología
20.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 210: 108598, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608503

RESUMEN

Nanopollution (NPOs), a burgeoning consequence of the widespread use of nanoparticles (NPs) across diverse industrial and consumer domains, has emerged as a critical environmental issue. While extensive research has scrutinized the repercussions of NPs pollution on ecosystems and human health, scant attention has been directed towards unraveling its implications for plant life. This comprehensive review aims to bridge this gap by delving into the nuanced interplay between NPOs and plant metabolism, encompassing both primary and secondary processes. Our exploration encompasses an in-depth analysis of the intricate mechanisms governing the interaction between plants and NPs. This involves a thorough examination of how physicochemical properties such as size, shape, and surface characteristics influence the uptake and translocation of NPs within plant tissues. The impact of NPOs on primary metabolic processes, including photosynthesis, respiration, nutrient uptake, and water transport. Additionally, this study explored the multifaceted alterations in secondary metabolism, shedding light on the synthesis and modulation of secondary metabolites in response to NPs exposure. In assessing the consequences of NPOs for plant life, we scrutinize the potential implications for plant growth, development, and environmental interactions. The intricate relationships revealed in this review underscore the need for a holistic understanding of the plant-NPs dynamics. As NPs become increasingly prevalent in ecosystems, this investigation establishes a fundamental guide that underscores the importance of additional research to shape sustainable environmental management strategies and address the extensive effects of NPs on the development of plant life and environmental interactions.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Nanopartículas , Plantas , Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/efectos de los fármacos , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Fotosíntesis/efectos de los fármacos
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