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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 615-619, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812440

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the plasma components of frozen plasma (FP) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP). METHODS: Twenty samples of FP and 20 samples of FFP from Beijing Red Cross Blood Center were randomly selected. Immediately after plasma melting, 12 plasma components including coagulation factor, fibrinolytic system and anticoagulation protein were detected, including activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), coagulation factor Ⅷ (FⅧ) activity, coagulation factor Ⅴ (FⅤ) activity, fibrinogen(FIB) level, ADAMTS-13 activity, von Willebrand factor(vWF) activity, D-dimer (D-dimer, DD), fibrin degradation products (FDP), antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC), and protein S (PS). All these coagulation components between the two types of plasma were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with FFP, APTT in FP was significantly prolonged(t=3.428, P<0.01), and PT was also significantly prolonged(z=-2.140, P<0.05), and FⅧ activity was decreased (t=-3.372, P<0.01), but all in the reference range, and PS activity was decreased(t=-2.458,P<0.05), there was no statistical difference in the other part between two types of plasma(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: FP can substitute FFP in the treatment of some diseases, although it is lack of some coagulation factors and anticoagulation protein.


Asunto(s)
Factores de Coagulación Sanguínea , Plasma , Beijing , Coagulación Sanguínea , Pruebas de Coagulación Sanguínea , Humanos
2.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 620-628, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812441

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of blood products in patients at different ages. METHODS: The clinical datas of the 10 784 patients transfused in Sichuan provincial people's hospital at 2017-2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and the basic condition of clinical blood using was statistically described. The patients were divided into the groups according to age and disease, then the use of various blood products in the patients with different diseases in different age groups was analyzed. RESULTS: The age of blood transfusion patients was mainly 40-80 years old, and the most common disease was tumor(about 28%). The average annual transfusion volumes of red blood cells(RBC) were 24 936.5 U, of platelets(PLT) were 3 795 therapeutic doses of plasma were 2 455 500 ml, of cryoprecipitate were 3 461.5 U in our hospital. Most patients with hematologic malignancies and liver cirrhosis were transfused with two or more blood productions. For the patients with hematologic malignancies, the irradiated RBC (76.4%), PLT (67.8%), and suspended RBC (59.9%) were commonly used. And for liver cirrhosis patients, the suspended RBC (64.2%) and fresh frozen plasma(FFP) (59.4%) were commonly used. For the patients with trauma and chronic kidney disease(CKD), the suspended RBC (95.7% and 91.5%, respectively) was commonly used. In hematologic malignancies patients, the transfusion volume of irradiated RBC, PLT and FFP in the patients aged ≥60 years old was lower than that in patients aged<60 years old (P<0.05); in trauma patients, the transfusion volume of suspended RBC in the patients aged ≥60 years old was lower than that in patients aged<60 years old (P<0.05). In hematologic malignancies, trauma and liver cirrhosis patients, the proportion of PLT and/or plasma transfusion in the patients aged ≥60 years old was lower than that in patients aged<60 years old (P<0.05), and the elderly patients were more likely to receive RBC transfusion only. CONCLUSION: There is a difference in the distribution of blood product between the patients aged<60 years old and ≥60 years old in the same disease, and it is more likely that the elderly patients (aged ≥60 years old) receive RBC transfusion only, and correction of hypoxia is a major clinical consideration, so blood using plans should be made according to the patient population, moreover, the different transfusion strategies should be developed for different population to maximize the efficiency of blood using.


Asunto(s)
Transfusión de Componentes Sanguíneos , Plasma , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Transfusión Sanguínea , Hospitales , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos
3.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 66(3): 139-146, 2021 Mar 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793112

RESUMEN

Analysis of long-term treatment results of 101 primary gastric cancer patients at various stages of the tumor process followed during 1 - 41 months (median - 6,4 months) from the onset of specific treatment are presented depending on the levels of soluble forms (s) of PD-1 receptor and its ligand PD-L1 in blood plasma. Overall survival assessed by Kaplan-Meyer analysis and with the help of Cox multiparametric regression model was applied as the criterion of prognostic value. It was found that at high (≥ 35 pg/ml) sPD-L1 levels in blood plasma, the overall survival of patients with gastric cancer was statistically significantly lower than at the marker's levels below 35 pg / ml (p <0.045): 1-year survival comprised 78 and 96%, 2-year - 52 and 78%; 3-year - 40 and 61% at high and low sPD-L1 respectively. Median survival of patients with high plasma sPD-L1 comprised 29 months, of those with low sPD-L1 was not achieved during the whole follow-up period. This trend was observed not only in the total group of stage I-IV gastric cancer patients, but also in patients at the early stages of the disease, though sPD-L1 did not show an independent prognostic value in multiparametric model. At the same time, the overall survival of patients with gastric cancer did not depend on the baseline levels sPD-1 in blood plasma. Thus, soluble ligand sPD-L1 can be considered as a potentially valuable factor for prognosis of gastric cancer patients' survival, and, probably, of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 treatment efficiency, but further studies and patients' monitoring are required to prove this statement.


Asunto(s)
Receptor de Muerte Celular Programada 1 , Neoplasias Gástricas , Biomarcadores de Tumor , Humanos , Ligandos , Plasma , Pronóstico
4.
Wiad Lek ; 74(2): 236-240, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813478

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To determine the degree of correlation of mass of the fetus and the level of mir-21, mir210 in maternal blood and umbilical cord blood of the fetus in uncomplicated gestation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 60 pregnant women with a single baby pregnancy in the third trimester (37-40 weeks) were examined. They all were given a general clinical, obstetric and the level of miRNA21-3р and miRNA210-3р were determined in the whole blood of pregnant women (before labor) and in fetal blood obtained from the umbilical artery at birth. The level of miRNAs was determined by the TaqMan method. RESULTS: Results: After examining maternal and fetal plasma samples, we were able to determine 49 samples of hsa-miR210-3p and hsa-miR21-3p from maternal plasma, 44 samples of hsa-miR210-3p and 37 samples of hsa-miR21-3p from the cord blood, which is a satisfactory result of more than 50%. Subsequently, between the results obtained and the birth weight of the fetus Pearson's correlation coefficient was studied. According to the results obtained, we found no correlation between fetal mass and hsa-miR210-3p level in maternal plasma (r-0,068674), low positive correlation of fetal mass with hsa-miR21-3p level in maternal plasma (r-0,212181 ), an average positive correlation with the level of hsa-miR21-3p in umbilical cord blood (r- 0.363374) and a high positive correlation with hsa-miR210-3p in umbilical cord blood (r-0.528616). CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Determination of the level of hypoxic miRNAs, in particular hsa-miR210-3p in the umbilical cord blood of the newborn may be a marker of the functional status of the placenta, which programs the normal development of the fetus.


Asunto(s)
MicroARNs , Peso al Nacer , Femenino , Sangre Fetal , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Plasma , Embarazo , Cordón Umbilical
5.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(1): 11-14, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780178

RESUMEN

Abstract: Objective To investigate the stability of IgE in postmortem plasma and hemolyzed samples under different storage conditions and freezing-thawing. Methods Thirty nine cardiac blood samples were collected from non-frozen corpses with the postmortem interval of less than 48 hours, including 20 plasma samples and 19 hemolyzed samples taken from whole blood. The samples were stored at -20 ℃, 4 ℃ and 25 ℃ for 28 d and at -80 ℃ for 1 year to evaluate the stability of IgE under different storage conditions. Repeated freezing-thawing treatment was conducted for 5 times to explore the stability of IgE in postmortem plasma and hemolyzed samples. IgE concentration in plasma and hemolyzed samples was detected by electroluminescence before and after treatment. Results The degradation rates of IgE in plasma samples under the three storage conditions, -20 ℃, 4 ℃ and 25 ℃ were close. After 28 d, the mean value was about 15%, the degradation speed of IgE in hemolyzed samples was faster than that of plasma under the same condition (P<0.05) and the degradation rate was faster than other two conditions under 25 ℃ (P<0.05). The differences in the concentration of plasma samples after freezing at -80 ℃ for 1 year and that before freezing had no statistical significance ( P>0.05), while the concentration of hemolyzed samples was degraded after freezing at -80 ℃ for 1 year (P<0.05). The differences between the detection results of plasma and hemolyzed samples after repeated freezing-thawing for 5 times and that before freezing-thawing showed no statistical significance ( P>0.05). Conclusion IgE has good freezing-thawing stability in postmortem plasma and hemolyzed samples. Stability of IgE is better in postmortem plasma samples than hemolyzed samples, thus it is recommended to separate plasma from postmortem blood samples as soon as possible in forensic practice.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Legal , Plasma , Autopsia , Congelación , Inmunoglobulina E
6.
Mutat Res ; 863-864: 503313, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678245

RESUMEN

Biological dosimetry of ionizing radiation (IR) exposure relies on validated cytogenetic tests measuring the frequencies of micronuclei (MN) and dicentric chromosomes (DC). IR also causes oxidative damage of biomolecules, including DNA. We evaluated IR-induced genotoxic and oxidative damage in a carefully defined cohort of healthy donors, reducing confounding factors as much as possible. Frequencies of MN and DC (peripheral blood lymphocyte cultures) and oxidative stress parameters (plasma) were quantified. We observed dose dependence of both cytogenetic and biochemical endpoints, independent of age, sex, and smoking habits. Oxidative stress parameters, especially oxidative stress index, malondialdehyde, advanced oxidation protein products, and catalase, may be used confidently to assess IR-induced damage, if cytogenetic results are unavailable.


Asunto(s)
Aberraciones Cromosómicas/efectos de la radiación , Linfocitos/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de la radiación , Plasma/metabolismo , Traumatismos por Radiación/metabolismo , Radiación Ionizante , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Linfocitos/patología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Traumatismos por Radiación/patología
7.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 23(3): 294-306, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771049

RESUMEN

Ginsenoside Rg1 is a major bioactive component of ginseng. Limited information is available regarding Rg1 concentrations in the central neural system and the corresponding relationship of plasma/intracerebral concentrations, and intracerebral effects of Rg1. Awake Aß model rats received a single subcutaneous administration of Rg1. Concentrations of unbound Rg1 and acetylcholine in the brain extracellular fluid and Rg1 in plasma were then determined. An Emax-two compartment pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) model without effect compartment was finally obtained by evaluating three mechanism-based models. The corresponding relationship between the plasma PK and PD of Rg1 can be described as E = 119.05•C/(73.42 + C).[Formula: see text].


Asunto(s)
Acetilcolina , Ginsenósidos , Animales , Ginsenósidos/farmacología , Estructura Molecular , Plasma , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
8.
Drugs Today (Barc) ; 57(3): 219-239, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729219

RESUMEN

Acquired hypofibrinogenemia is a frequent cause of maintained bleeding in perioperative high-risk settings. Loss, consumption and dilution under resuscitation fluid therapy are the principal causes for fibrinogen depletion. Severe hypofibrinogenemia is frequently associated with an early bleeding complication that cannot be reliably avoided with high-ratio plasma transfusion strategies. Real-time monitoring with viscoelastic hemostatic assays is a useful tool for timely diagnosis and treatment of detected coagulopathies. Replenishment of fibrinogen in uncontrolled bleeding events is currently recommended by most published guidelines, suggesting treatment thresholds to maintain a minimum of 1.5 g/L plasma fibrinogen concentration for nonobstetrical hemorrhage. Fibrinogen concentrates, originally licensed for treatment of bleeding episodes in patients with congenital hypo-, dys- or afibrinogenemia disorders, are used in many clinical situations as supplementary therapy for the treatment of acquired hypofibrinogenemia. This review seeks to provide an overview of the most relevant topics associated to fibrinogen replacement therapy for critical perioperative hemorrhage highlighting currently available evidence on the risk/benefit profile of purified fibrinogen concentrates for this extended clinical indication.


Asunto(s)
Fibrinógeno , Hemostáticos , Transfusión de Componentes Sanguíneos , Fibrinógeno/análisis , Hemorragia/inducido químicamente , Hemorragia/tratamiento farmacológico , Hemostáticos/efectos adversos , Humanos , Plasma/química
9.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(2): e20190861, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729379

RESUMEN

Autism spectrum disorder is associated with alterations in GABAergic and glutamatergic neurotransmission. Here, we aimed to determine the concentration of GABA, glutamate, glutamine, aspartate, taurine, and glycine in brain tissue and plasma of rats prenatally exposed to valproic acid (VPA), a well-characterized experimental model of autism. Pregnant rats were injected with VPA (600mg/Kg) during the twelfth-embryonic-day. Control rats were injected with saline. On the fourteen-postnatal-day, rats from both groups (males and females) were anesthetized, euthanized by decapitation and their brain dissected out. The frontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, brain stem and cerebellum were dissected and homogenized. Homogenates were centrifuged and supernatants were used to quantify amino acid concentrations by HPLC coupled with fluorometric detection. Blood samples were obtained by a cardiac puncture; plasma was separated and deproteinized to quantify amino acid concentration by HPLC. We found that, in VPA rats, glutamate and glutamine concentrations were increased in hippocampus and glycine concentration was increased in cortex. We did not find changes in other regions or in plasma amino acid concentration in the VPA group with respect to control group. Our results suggest that VPA exposure in utero may impair inhibitory and excitatory amino acid transmission in the infant brain.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal , Aminoácidos , Animales , Encéfalo , Femenino , Masculino , Plasma , Embarazo , Ratas , Ácido Valproico/toxicidad
10.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728852

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between the blood plasma antioxidant profile and the transcriptional activity of the Nrf2 gene in acute psychosis in patients with schizophrenia and alcoholism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 40 patients with the first episode of the paranoid form of schizophrenia, 33 patients with schizophrenic psychosis who had previously received therapy, 22 patients with first-time acute alcohol psychosis, and 25 healthy volunteers. The level of Nrf2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was estimated by flow cytometry, and the antioxidant profile of blood plasma was estimated with chemiluminometry. RESULTS: The total and «thiol¼ antioxidant capacity were reduced in patients with initially diagnosed schizophrenic psychosis and alcoholic psychosis. In patients after treatment, the total antioxidant capacity was higher compared to previously untreated patients. The level of Nrf2 protein in mononuclear cells in patients with the first psychotic episode was significantly lower than in patients with alcoholism and lower than in the control group. In patients with alcoholic psychosis, Nrf2 level was correlated with both the total antioxidant capacity due to uric acid and the «thiol¼ antioxidant capacity; in patients with psychosis in schizophrenia, Nrf2 level was correlated only with the «thiol¼ antioxidant capacity. CONCLUSIONS: The correlation between the total and «thiol¼ antioxidant capacity and the level of Nrf2 in mononuclear cells of patients with alcohol delirium indicates the undamaged state of the regulation. The absence of a correlation between the total antioxidant capacity and the level of Nrf2 in patients with schizophrenia indicates a disturbance of the activation of the Nrf2 pathway due to, possibly, a part associated with the participation of uric acid.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Psicóticos , Esquizofrenia , Antioxidantes , Humanos , Leucocitos Mononucleares , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2 , Plasma
11.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 17(1): 100-114, 2021 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653500

RESUMEN

Ionizing radiation (IR) therapy for malignant tumors can damage adjacent tissues, leading to severe wound complications. Plasma-derived exosome treatment has recently emerged as a safe and impactful cell-free therapy. Herein, we aimed to determine whether plasma-derived exosomes could improve the healing of post-radiation wound. Rat plasma-derived exosomes (RP-Exos) were locally injected on cutaneous wounds created on the backs of irradiated rats and boosted the healing process as well as the deposition and remodeling of the extracellular matrix with collagen formation. Subsequently, the effects of RP-Exos were further evaluated on irradiated fibroblasts in vitro. The results suggested that exosomes promoted fibroblast proliferation, migration, cell cycle progression, and cell survival. Moreover, transcriptome sequencing analysis and quantitative polymerase chain reaction validation were performed to identify potential mechanisms. RPExos enhanced the expression of cell proliferation and radioresistance-related genes, and yet downregulated ferroptosis pathway in irradiated fibroblasts. Inhibition of ferroptosis by RP-Exos was further confirmed through colorimetric assay, fluorescence probe and flow cytometry in ferroptosis-induced fibroblasts. Our results suggest that RP-Exos regulate cell proliferation and ferroptosis in irradiated fibroblasts, thereby boosting the healing of irradiated wound. These findings support plasma-derived exosomes as a potential therapeutic method for post-radiation wound complications.


Asunto(s)
Exosomas , Ferroptosis , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Animales , Movimiento Celular , Proliferación Celular , Fibroblastos , Plasma , Ratas
12.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(2): 127-134, 2021 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678648

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To explore the correlation between cytosine-phosphoric-guanylic (CpG) site of Septin 9 gene and colorectal cancer, and to develop a real-time PCR detection system in plasma in patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: The methylation of training samples was detected by high-throughput sequencing technology, and the sites highly consistent with the clinical information of colorectal cancer were identified. Then the detection system of real-time PCR was designed to analyze the consistency of plasma and tissue based on methylationa sensitive enzyme digestion. Finally, 100 clinical trials were conducted to evaluate the performance of the detection system with the methylation sensitive enzyme digestion-real-time PCR. RESULTS: The highly consistent sites, which were selected by high-throughput sequencing from 71 training set samples, was the 38th CpG. Based on the detection region, the screened methylation sensitive enzymes were BstU1, HhaI and HinP1I. The limit for the detection of methylation sensitive enzyme digestion-real-time PCR was 0.5%, and the Ct value was 38.5. The sensitivity was 87.27%, the specificity was 91.49%, the positive predictive value was 92.31%, and the negative predictive value was 86.00%. CONCLUSIONS: The 38th CpG site of Septin 9 detected by the detection system of methylation sensitive enzyme digestion-real-time PCR can highly predict the occurrence of colorectal cancer with great clinical application value.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Septinas , Neoplasias Colorrectales/genética , Islas de CpG/genética , ADN , Metilación de ADN , Humanos , Plasma/metabolismo , Septinas/genética , Septinas/metabolismo
13.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(2): 149-155, 2021 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678651

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Inflammation especially the overexpression of inflammasome and inflammatory cytokines, is one of the important reasons that affect the occurrence and development of acute cerebral infarction, including the initiation of cerebral infarction, the progress and recovery of post-infarction injury. This study aims to explore expressions of absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in plasma of patients with acute cerebral infarction and its significance. METHODS: A total of 85 patients with acute cerebral infarction were enrolled in the cerebral infarction group. They were assigned into mild, moderate, and severe groups according to the severity of neurological deficits. They were assigned into small, middle, and large cerebral infarction groups according to the area of cerebral infarction. They were assigned into a good prognosis group and a poor prognosis group according to the Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score on the 90th day after the onset. A total of 85 healthy controls were selected as a control group. The levels of AIM2, IL-1ß, and IL-18 in plasma of the cerebral group and the control group were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: The levels of plasma AIM2, IL-1ß, and IL-18 in the cerebral infarction group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.001). In the cerebral infarction group, the expression levels of plasma AIM2, IL-1ß, and IL-18 were as follows: The severe neurological deficitc group>the moderate group>the mild group, the large area of cerebral infarction group>the middle area group>the small area group, and the poor prognosis group> the good prognosis group (all P<0.05). The levels of plasma AIM2 were positively correlated with National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, the cerebral infarction area, and the mRS score (r=0.791, r=0.710, r=0.763, respectively, all P<0.001). The levels of plasma IL-1ß were positively correlated with the NIHSS score, the cerebral infarction area, and the mRS score (r=0.716, r=0.690, r=0.688, respectively, all P<0.001). The levels of plasma IL-18 were positively correlated with the NIHSS score, the cerebral infarction area, and the mRS score (r=0.714, r=0.638, r=0.653, respectively, all P<0.001). The level of plasma AIM2 was positively correlated with that of IL-1ß and IL-18 (r=0.828, r=0.751, both P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Expressions of AIM2, IL-1ß, and IL-18 are up-regulated in the plasma of patients with acute cerebral infarction, and they are closely related to the severity of neurological deficit, cerebral infarction area, and prognosis in patients with acute cerebral infarction, suggesting that AIM2, IL-1ß, and IL-18 may play an important role in the occurrence and development of acute cerebral infarction.


Asunto(s)
Melanoma , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Infarto Cerebral , Proteínas de Unión al ADN , Humanos , Interleucina-18 , Interleucina-1beta , Plasma
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(1): 206-213, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645072

RESUMEN

This paper was to investigate the effect of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction(HLJD) on ulcerative colitis(UC) in mice, and determine the effective components in plasma, and virtually screen its therapeutic target, and predict its mechanism. Sixty Balb/c mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, mesalazine treatment group(0.3 g·kg~(-1)), and HLJD treatment groups(24.66, 12.33, 6.17 g·kg~(-1)). Excepted for the blank group, all the mice in HLJD and mesalazine treatment groups were gavage administration. All mice freely drank 2.5% DSS solution for seven days to induce UC. The disease activity index(DAI) was detected each day. At the end of the experiment, HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes in colon. The content of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in colon were determined by ELISA. The effective components in plasma were determined by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The reverse docking in PharmMapper was used to screen the component targets. The disease targets of UC were collected by searching TTD, OMIM and GeneCards databases. The intersection of the component targets and disease targets was selected as the therapeutic targets. Then the therapeutic targets were imported into the STRING for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis. Discovery Studio was used to simulate the docking between the components and the targets. RESULTS:: showed that the DAI in the model group increased significantly(P<0.05), and the number of inflammatory cells and infiltration degree increased significantly compared with the blank group. The DAI in HLJD treatment group was significantly reduced(P<0.05), and the number and infiltration degree of inflammatory cells were reduced compared with the model group. The ELISA results showed that the levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α were increased significantly in the model group(P<0.01) compared with the blank group, and significantly down regulated in the HLJD treatment group(P<0.05) compared with the model group. After UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analyse, ten components were identified. The network pharmacology analysis showed that the action targets were significantly enriched in 129 of biological processes, such as response to organic substance, chemical and oxygen-containing compound, etc., as well as 16 of signal pathways, such as IL-17, TNF and hepatitis B signal pathways, were enriched too. The results of molecular docking showed that limonin, palmatine and berberine could bind to CASP3 and MMP9 by hydrogen bond. In conclusion, HLJD could alleviate the colonic mucosal inflammatory infiltration and mucosal damage in UC mice. The mechanism may be related to the anti-inflammatory effect on UC mice by reducing the levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in colon through limonin, palmatine and berberine regulating IL-17 signal pathway and TNF signal pathway via CASP3 and MMP9 meditated.


Asunto(s)
Colitis Ulcerosa , Animales , Antiinflamatorios/uso terapéutico , Colitis Ulcerosa/tratamiento farmacológico , Colon , Sulfato de Dextran/uso terapéutico , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Ratones , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Plasma
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(2): 444-453, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645134

RESUMEN

An UPLC-MS/MS method for rapid and simultaneous determination of psoralen, isopsoralen, apigenin, genistein, bavaisoflavone, neobavaisoflavone, bavachin, bavachinin, psoralenoside, and isopsoralenoside of Psoraleae Fructus in beagle dog plasma was established, and then the method was applied in the pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to beagle dogs. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by the software of WinNonlin. A Waters HSS-T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8 µm)was used for liquid chromatography separation with acetonitrile-water(containing 0.004% formic acid) as the mobile phase for gradient elution.The mass spectrometry was detected using electrospray ion source(ESI) under multi-reaction monitoring mode(MRM), as well as positive ion mode. Analysis time only takes 8.5 min. The methodological study in terms of specificity, accuracy, precision, linear range, recovery, matrix effect, and stability, was validated. The LC-MS analysis method established in this experiment was simple, specific, accurate, reliable, and meet the requirement of pharmacokinetic study in plasma after administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract to beagle dogs. Six beagle dogs received intragastric administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract, T_(max) of 10 chemical components is 1.92-5.67 h; among them, C_(max) of psoralen, isopsoralen, psoralenoside and isopsoralenoside is 383-3 613 ng·mL~(-1), and AUC_(0-∞) is 3 556-18 949 ng·h·mL~(-1), t_(1/2) is 2.45-4.83 h. C_(max) of the remaining six compounds is 0.81-19.9 ng·mL~(-1), AUC_(0-∞ )is 6.54-178 ng·h·mL~(-1), t_(1/2) is 2.95-7.29 h. The UPLC-MS/MS analysis method established in this study was proved to be accurate and sensitive that it can be applied to the pharmacokinetic study of beagle dogs after oral administration of Psoraleae Fructus extract.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Administración Oral , Animales , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Cromatografía Liquida , Perros , Plasma , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
16.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(2): 663-672, 2021 Feb 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645164

RESUMEN

We developed a high-efficiency microfluidic chip for extracting exosomes from human plasma. We collected peripheral blood from normal human, designed and fabricated a microfluidic chip based on nanoporous membrane and agarose gel electrophoresis to isolate exosomes. The extracted exosomes were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, nanosight and Western blotting, the morphology, concentration and particle size of exosomes were identified and analyzed. Meanwhile, we used ultracentrifugation and microfluidic chip to isolate exosomes separately. The particle size and concentration of the exosomes extracted by two methods were compared and analyzed, and their respective extraction efficiency was discussed. Finally, the expression level of miRNA-21 in exosomes was analyzed by RT-PCR. The microfluidic chip isolated (in 1 hour) high-purity exosomes with size ranging from 30-200 nm directly from human plasma, allowing downstream exosomal miRNA analysis. By comparing with ultracentrifugation, the isolation yield of microfluidic chip was 3.80 times higher than ultracentrifugation when the volume of plasma sample less than 100 µL. The optimized parameters for exosome isolation by gel electrophoresis microfluidic chip were: voltage: 100 V; concentration of agarose gel: 1.0%; flow rate of injection pump: 0.1 mL/h. The gel electrophoresis microfluidic chips could rapidly and efficiently isolate the exosomes, showing great potential in the research of exosomes and cancer biomarkers.


Asunto(s)
Exosomas , MicroARNs , Humanos , MicroARNs/genética , Microfluídica , Plasma , Ultracentrifugación
17.
Am J Vet Res ; 82(4): 280-285, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764833

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the dose of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) needed to achieve at least a 3-fold increase in plasma CoQ10 concentration in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) and congestive heart failure (CHF). ANIMALS: 18 dogs with CHF due to MMVD and 12 healthy dogs. PROCEDURES: In a randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial, dogs with MMVD were given 50 or 100 mg of water-soluble CoQ10 (ubiquinone; total daily dose, 100 mg [n = 5] or 200 mg [6]) or a placebo (7), PO, twice a day for 2 weeks in addition to regular cardiac treatment. Plasma CoQ10 concentration was measured in dogs with MMVD before (baseline) and at various time points after supplementation began and in healthy dogs once. Concentrations were compared among and within groups. RESULTS: No significant difference in median baseline plasma CoQ10 concentration was detected between healthy dogs and dogs with MMVD. Fold increases in plasma CoQ10 concentrations ranged from 1.7 to 4.7 and 3.2 to 6.8 for individual dogs in the 100-mg and 200-mg groups, respectively. The change in plasma CoQ10 concentration after supplementation began was significantly higher than in the placebo group at 4 hours and 1 and 2 weeks for dogs in the 200-mg group and at 1 and 2 weeks for dogs in the 100-mg group. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A daily CoQ10 dose of 200 mg was sufficient to achieve at least a 3-fold increase in plasma CoQ10 concentration and may be used in CoQ10 supplementation studies involving dogs with CHF due to MMVD.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de los Perros , Ubiquinona , Animales , Suplementos Dietéticos , Enfermedades de los Perros/tratamiento farmacológico , Perros , Válvula Mitral , Plasma
18.
West Afr J Med ; 38(3): 255-261, 2021 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765588

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Friedewald equation for estimation of plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) has recently been the subject of controversies. We investigated the agreement between LDL-C calculated with the Friedewald equation (LDLC F) and novel Martin-Hopkins formula (LDL-CMH), and the influence of sex, age, and triglyceride stratification on the level of biases. METHODS: We used convenience sample of data from records of 7151 adults who underwent test for plasma lipid profile from 2014 to 2017 at a tertiary Hospital in Nigeria. During the period automated standard enzymatic methods were used for determination of plasma lipids. The Bland-Altman plot was used to evaluate the agreement between the two equations. RESULTS: Participants were 2953 males and 4198 females. The age of the subjects ranged from 21 to 91 years with overall mean age of 54.2±12.1 years. The discrepancy between LDLC MH and LDL-CF ranged from -0.05 to 0.93 mmol/L (median = 0.16) with a mean value of 0.172 ±0.094 mmol/L. The BlandAltman analysis showed an estimated bias of 6.38% (95% CI = -5.02, 20.0). The bias in males and females was 8.3% (95% CI = -5.6, 22.2) and 6.9% (95% CI = -4.4, 18.3), respectively. At an average LDL-C less than 1.81 mmol/L, estimated bias became increased to 16.6% (95% CI = -6.1, 39.2). The calculated LDL-C MH were significantly higher than LDL-CF irrespective of the level of triglyceride. CONCLUSION: Although both showed excellent reliability, the Friedewald equation resulted in a clinically lower LDL-C than the Martin-Hopkins formula. It may be necessary to pay attention to biological sex differences.


Asunto(s)
Plasma , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , LDL-Colesterol , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nigeria , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Triglicéridos , Adulto Joven
19.
J Environ Radioact ; 232: 106568, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740532

RESUMEN

In the present study, 137Cs and 238U activity concentrations, 234U/238U activity ratio, and 235U/238U isotope ratio were measured in fifteen soil samples collected from the exclusion zone around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS). The 137Cs activity concentrations of Fukushima-accident contaminated soil samples ranged from 29.9 to 4780 kBq kg-1 with a mean of 2007 kBq kg-1. On the other hand, the 238U activity concentrations of these soil samples ranged from 5.2 to 22.4 Bq kg-1 with a mean of 13.2 Bq kg-1. The activity ratios of 234U/238U ranged from 0.973 to 1.023. The 235U/238U isotope ratios of these exclusion zone soil samples varied from 0.007246 to 0.007260, and they were similar to the natural terrestrial ratio confirming the natural origin. Using isotope dilution technique, the 235U/137Cs activity ratio was theoretically estimated for highly 137Cs contaminated soil samples from Fukushima exclusion zone ranged from 5.01 × 10-8 - 6.16 × 10-7 with a mean value of 2.51 × 10-7.


Asunto(s)
Accidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Monitoreo de Radiación , Contaminantes Radiactivos del Suelo , Uranio , Radioisótopos de Cesio/análisis , Japón , Espectrometría de Masas , Plasma/química , Suelo , Contaminantes Radiactivos del Suelo/análisis , Uranio/análisis
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5558, 2021 03 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692386

RESUMEN

The recent COVID-19 pandemic poses a serious threat to global public health, thus there is an urgent need to define the molecular mechanisms involved in SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein-mediated virus entry that is essential for preventing and/or treating this emerging infectious disease. In this study, we examined the blocking activity of human COVID-19 convalescent plasma by cell-cell fusion assays using SARS-CoV-2-S-transfected 293 T as effector cells and ACE2-expressing 293 T as target cells. We demonstrate that the SARS-CoV-2 S protein exhibits a very high capacity for membrane fusion and is efficient in mediating virus fusion and entry into target cells. Importantly, we find that COVID-19 convalescent plasma with high titers of IgG neutralizing antibodies can block cell-cell fusion and virus entry by interfering with the SARS-CoV-2-S/ACE2 or SARS-CoV-S/ACE2 interactions. These findings suggest that COVID-19 convalescent plasma may not only inhibit SARS-CoV-2-S but also cross-neutralize SARS-CoV-S-mediated membrane fusion and virus entry, supporting its potential as a preventive and/or therapeutic agent against SARS-CoV-2 as well as other SARS-CoV infections.


Asunto(s)
/inmunología , Glicoproteína de la Espiga del Coronavirus/inmunología , Adulto , Anticuerpos Neutralizantes/inmunología , Anticuerpos Antivirales/inmunología , Fusión Celular/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunización Pasiva/métodos , Masculino , Fusión de Membrana/efectos de los fármacos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias/prevención & control , Plasma/química , Receptores Virales/metabolismo , /patogenicidad , Glicoproteína de la Espiga del Coronavirus/metabolismo , Internalización del Virus/efectos de los fármacos
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