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2.
R I Med J (2013) ; 103(8): 14-17, 2020 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003675

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic challenges safe and equitable voting in the United States' 2020 elections, and in response, several states including Rhode Island (RI) have made significant changes to election policy. In addition to increasing accessibility of mail-in voting by mailing applications to all registered voters, RI has suspended their notary/witness requirement for both the primary and general election. However, RI's "emergency" voting process still plays a crucial role in allowing voters who missed the mail-in ballot application deadline, such as those unexpectedly hospitalized in the days leading up to the election, to still cast their ballot. COVID-19 has also forced RI to modify its emergency voting procedures, most notably allowing healthcare workers to serve on bipartisan ballot delivery teams. This commentary highlights these salient updates to voting procedures and serves as a primer as to how interested health care workers may navigate this process alongside patients and lead in the arena of patient voting rights.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Política , Servicios Postales , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Rhode Island
3.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20201000. 6 p.
Monografía en Español | LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1122656

RESUMEN

El documento contiene la conformación del grupo de trabajo multisectorial, con el objeto de elaborar la propuesta del Plan Estratégico Multisectorial de la Política Nacional Multisectorial de Salud al 2030 "Perú, País Saludable".


Asunto(s)
Política , Planes y Programas de Salud , Salud
7.
Philos Ethics Humanit Med ; 15(1): 8, 2020 09 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962712

RESUMEN

The sensible and conflicting scenario of the pandemic postulated many challenges to societies around the world in 2020. Part of this problem refers to how the differences between politics and science are not comprehended in their particularities. The recognition of limits and power of science and politics can not only contribute to reaching the actions and strategies facing novel coronavirus but also optimized many domains of society.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Comunicación , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Política , Humanos
8.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 370-377, mayo 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-192074

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Political Skills Inventory (PSI) is a measurement tool for assessing four dimensions associated with political skills: social astuteness, interpersonal influence, networking ability and apparent sincerity (Ferris, 2005). METHOD: In the present study, multi-sample and multi-method, we developed and analyzed the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the (PSI), by performing both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Additionally, a longitudinal reliability test and a sex factorial invariance test were performed. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha and omega indices revealed satisfactory reliability and exploratory factor analyses extracted the four original factors as reported in other studies (N = 309). Confirmatory factorial analyses confirmed that the four-factor solution presented the best fit to our data (N = 248). CONCLUSIONS: We add new evidence for time and sex invariance of the measure, showing that the PSI can be considered a stable and valid measure over time and across sex


INTRODUCCIÓN: El inventario de habilidades políticas (PSI, siglas en inglés) es una medida para calibrar cuatro dimensiones relacionadas con es-te constructo: la astucia social, la capacidad de influencia interpersonal, la habilidad para establecer contactos y la sinceridad aparente (Ferris, David-son & Perrewé, 2005). MÉTODO: En el presente estudio, multi-muestra y multimétodo, sendos análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio se han llevado a cabo sobre dos muestras, una primera compuesta por trabajadores de varios ramos (recogido en tres etapas, con una edad media comprendida entre 43.66 y 44.70 años, DT = 9.42 - 10.22, y un porcentaje de mujeres entre 57.3 - 58.4%) y una segunda por trabajadores del sector salud (Mage = 35.56, SD = 7.23; 80.6% women), para desarrollar y testar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del PSI. Adicionalmente, se llevó a cabo una prueba de fiabilidad longitudinal y un análisis de invarianza relativo al género. RESULTADOS: Los índices alpha de Cronbach (cuyos valores oscilaron entre 0.83-0.90 en nuestros datos, y entre 0.73-0.87 en la versión original) y omega (0.85 para el total de la escala) revelaron un grado de fiabilidad satisfactoria. El análisis factorial exploratorio extrajo los cuatro factores de la versión original, tal y como ya ha sido reportado en otros estudios (N = 309). El análisis factorial confirmatorio confirmó que el ajuste de dicha estructura fue el mejor frente a los datos (N = 248). CONCLUSIONES: Con este estudio se añade evidencia al estudio de la invarianza de género y la estabilidad temporal de esta medida, mostrando que la versión española del PSI puede ser considerada una medida estable y válida a través del tiempo y relativa al género


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Inventario de Personalidad/normas , Aptitud , Política , Psicometría/instrumentación , Psicometría/normas , Análisis Factorial , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , 16054/psicología , Traducciones , Evaluación del Rendimiento de Empleados/estadística & datos numéricos , Movilidad Laboral , Poder Psicológico
9.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239693, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970761

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To examine perceptions, behaviors, and impacts surrounding COVID-19 early in the pandemic response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 1,030 U.S. adults was administered on March 31st, 2020. This survey examined attitudes toward media, government, and community responses to COVID-19 by political ideology and sociodemographic factors. Knowledge, anxieties, and impacts of COVID-19 were also assessed. RESULTS: Conservatives were more likely to report that COVID-19 was receiving too much media coverage and people were generally overreacting; liberals were more likely to report the government had not done enough in response to the pandemic. Females and those with lower income experienced more COVID-19 related economic anxieties. Those working and with children at home reported higher social, home, and work disruption. Social distancing behaviors were more common among liberals and were associated with increases in depressive symptoms. General knowledge about COVID-19 was widely exhibited across the sample, however, Black and Hispanic respondents were less likely to correctly answer questions about the availability of a vaccine and modes of transmission. CONCLUSIONS: Public health experts should consider the political climate in crafting messaging that appeals to the values of those across the political spectrum. Research on the COVID-19 pandemic should continue to monitor the effects of social distancing on mental health and among vulnerable populations.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Política , Opinión Pública , Aislamiento Social , Adulto , Anciano , Ansiedad , Betacoronavirus , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Estudios Transversales , Depresión , Femenino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos
12.
Can J Nurs Res ; 52(3): 176-184, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893691

RESUMEN

The Canadian Nurses Association has a long-standing history of strengthening the nursing profession and the health system, supporting professional practice, and advocating for healthy public policy at the local, national, and global level. Historical writings have typically focused on the significant milestones achieved throughout the past century, and the various social, political, and economic contexts that have shaped the evolution of the association. While historical sources illustrate an organization with a strong track record of policy advocacy leadership and presence, there is little literature that has examined how the association's policy advocacy agenda has evolved overtime. Using Shamian's emerging "Bubble" Theory and Spheres of Policy Influence Model as an analytical framework, the authors use historical archives and documents to examine the internal and external drivers that have shaped the association's policy advocacy agenda over the past century and conclude that the Canadian Nurses Association has established itself as a credible leader in shaping not only nursing but also health-care and public policy at the local, national, and global level.


Asunto(s)
Defensa del Consumidor , Política , Sociedades de Enfermería , Canadá , Humanos
13.
J Law Med ; 27(4): 928-936, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880410

RESUMEN

The abortion drug RU 486 is widely available across the developed world, and its benefits and efficacy for women have been well established over the 40 years since its development. However, access to RU 486 for women in Australia has been a vexed issue since the mid-1990s. Because of pro-life politics under the Howard Government, importation of the drug into Australia was severely hampered, resulting in Australia lagging behind the rest of the developed world in access to medical abortions. This article highlights the history of RU 486, the current state of abortion laws in Australia and the issues that the politics of the 1990s still cause for Australian women who seek a medical abortion (especially those living remotely). Finally, it proposes some options that could alleviate some of the difficulties faced by those who seek access to RU 486.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Inducido , Mifepristona , Australia , Femenino , Humanos , Principios Morales , Política , Embarazo
15.
S Afr Med J ; 110(6): 445-446, 2020 04 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880545

RESUMEN

Less than 3 months after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, and within a month of the WHO declaring COVID19 a global pandemic, COVID-19 infections and fatalities have grown exponentially, globally. Now, more than ever, the world needs responsible political leadership, evidence-based decision-making, and co-ordinated global health action.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Salud Global , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Política , Salud Pública , Humanos , Liderazgo , Pandemias , Sudáfrica/epidemiología , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Organización Mundial de la Salud/organización & administración
17.
Ann Epidemiol ; 49: 42-49, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951804

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severely impacted both health and the economy. Absent an effective vaccine, preventive measures used, some of which are being relaxed, have included school closures, restriction of movement, and banning of large gatherings. Our goal was to estimate the association of voter turnout with county-level COVID-19 risks. METHODS: We used publicly available data on voter turnout in the March 10 primary in three states, COVID-19 confirmed cases by day and county, and county-level census data. We used zero-inflated negative binomial regression to estimate the association of voter turnout with COVID-19 incidence, adjusted for county-level population density and proportions: over age 65 years, female, Black, with college education, with high school education, poor, obese, and smokers. RESULTS: COVID-19 risk was associated with voter turnout, most strongly in Michigan during the week starting 3 days postelection (risk ratio, 1.24; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-1.33). For longer periods, the association was progressively weaker (risk ratio 0.98-1.03). CONCLUSIONS: Despite increased absentee-ballot voting in the primary, our results suggest an association of voter turnout in at least one state with a detectable increase in risks associated with and perhaps due to greater exposures related to the primary.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Política , Distancia Social , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Incidencia , Gobierno Local , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Características de la Residencia , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Socioeconómicos
18.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(suppl 2): e20200256, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965400

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to reflect on the challenges and power of the nursing care process in Primary Health Care in the face of the New Coronavirus, COVID-19, in the Brazilian scenario. METHOD: reflective study, based on the discursive formulation in the context of COVID-19 in Primary Health Care, based on theoretical foundations and practical effects of neoliberal policy, the care process, and Nursing. RESULTS: in Brazil, COVID-19, has caused the need for challenges for strengthening primary care in the face of neoliberal policy, but it presents the potential of dialogue with communities and the (re)creation of the nursing care process through solidary collaborative networks. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: reflecting on the nursing care process in primary care restores the strength present in the cooperation between health teams and community solidarity networks to change social and health circumstances, despite the challenge imposed by underfunding aggravated by neoliberalism.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/enfermería , Proceso de Enfermería/organización & administración , Neumonía Viral/enfermería , Política , Atención Primaria de Salud/economía , Brasil/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Salud Global , Humanos , Proceso de Enfermería/economía , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Factores Socioeconómicos
20.
Sci Adv ; 6(37)2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917709

RESUMEN

Mistrust of scientific evidence and government-issued guidelines is increasingly correlated with political affiliation. Survey evidence has documented skepticism in a diverse set of issues including climate change, vaccine hesitancy, and, most recently, COVID-19 risks. Less well understood is whether these beliefs alter high-stakes behavior. Combining GPS data for 2.7 million smartphone users in Florida and Texas with 2016 U.S. presidential election precinct-level results, we examine how conservative-media dismissals of hurricane advisories in 2017 influenced evacuation decisions. Likely Trump-voting Florida residents were 10 to 11 percentage points less likely to evacuate Hurricane Irma than Clinton voters (34% versus 45%), a gap not present in prior hurricanes. Results are robust to fine-grain geographic controls, which compare likely Clinton and Trump voters living within 150 m of each other. The rapid surge in media-led suspicion of hurricane forecasts-and the resulting divide in self-protective measures-illustrates a large behavioral consequence of science denialism.


Asunto(s)
Negación en Psicología , Política , Confianza/psicología , Movimiento Anti-Vacunación , Betacoronavirus , Cambio Climático , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Florida , Sistemas de Información Geográfica , Gobierno , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Texas , Estados Unidos , Negativa a la Vacunación
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