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1.
Vet Med Sci ; 10(4): e1474, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767566

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Parasitic diseases of pigs are a public and veterinary health problem. Helminths influence pork production, whereas backyard pigs can transmit these parasites. OBJECTIVES: This work aimed to investigate the prevalence of antibodies against Ascaris suum and Trichinella spiralis in backyard pigs from Jamiltepec, Region de la Costa, Oaxaca, in Southwestern Mexico. METHODS: Six hundred sixty-four serum samples were obtained from backyard pigs from 23 rural villages distributed in 5 municipalities; samples were taken in a non-probabilistic manner with the owner's consent. The presence of serum antibodies against a total extract of A. suum adult worm was determined by ELISA. In contrast, antibodies to the excretion-secretion products of the T. spiralis muscle larva were determined by Western blot. RESULTS: The global seroprevalence for A. suum was 5.12% and 2.41% for T. spiralis; however, antibodies were only found in 8 villages and distributed in 3 municipalities. The highest frequency of positivity for Ascaris was found in the municipality of Santa Catarina Mechoacán (13.01%), whereas, in Santa María Huazalotitlán, the highest frequency of positivity for Trichinella was found (5.75%). In San Andrés, frequencies were 7.23% and 4.82%, respectively. No statistical differences were observed between populations. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that helminth transmission is restricted by locality. However, further studies must be conducted to understand the factors limiting this transmission to promote pork meat production in parasite-free zones.


Asunto(s)
Ascariasis , Ascaris suum , Enfermedades de los Porcinos , Trichinella spiralis , Triquinelosis , Animales , México/epidemiología , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/epidemiología , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/parasitología , Triquinelosis/epidemiología , Triquinelosis/veterinaria , Triquinelosis/parasitología , Porcinos , Ascariasis/epidemiología , Ascariasis/veterinaria , Trichinella spiralis/aislamiento & purificación , Trichinella spiralis/inmunología , Estudios Seroepidemiológicos , Prevalencia , Sus scrofa , Anticuerpos Antihelmínticos/sangre , Anticuerpos Antihelmínticos/análisis , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos
2.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0301688, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768145

RESUMEN

Swine atrophic rhinitis is a disease caused by Pasteurella multocida and Bordetella bronchiseptica that affects pigs. Inactivated vaccines containing the toxins produced by Pasteurella multocida and Bordetella bronchiseptica have been widely used for the prevention of swine atrophic rhinitis. The efficacy of a vaccine is correlated with the amount of antigen present; however, the protective toxin of P. multocida bound to aluminum hydroxide, which is used as an adjuvant, can hinder the monitoring of the antigen concentration in the vaccine. This study assessed the applicability of a dot immunoassay as an antigen quantification method using monoclonal antibodies. This quantification method was able to detect the antigen with high specificity and sensitivity even when the antigen was bound to the adjuvant, and its application to vaccine products revealed a correlation between the amount of antigen present in the vaccine and the neutralizing antibody titers induced in pigs. The antigen quantification method presented in this study is a simple and sensitive assay capable of quantifying the amount of antigen present in a vaccine that can be used as an alternative quality control measure.


Asunto(s)
Adyuvantes Inmunológicos , Hidróxido de Aluminio , Antígenos Bacterianos , Vacunas Bacterianas , Pasteurella multocida , Rinitis Atrófica , Enfermedades de los Porcinos , Animales , Pasteurella multocida/inmunología , Porcinos , Rinitis Atrófica/inmunología , Rinitis Atrófica/prevención & control , Rinitis Atrófica/microbiología , Vacunas Bacterianas/inmunología , Antígenos Bacterianos/inmunología , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/prevención & control , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/microbiología , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/inmunología , Bordetella bronchiseptica/inmunología , Anticuerpos Antibacterianos/sangre , Anticuerpos Antibacterianos/inmunología , Infecciones por Pasteurella/prevención & control , Infecciones por Pasteurella/veterinaria , Infecciones por Pasteurella/inmunología , Anticuerpos Neutralizantes/inmunología
3.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 59(5): e14595, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773768

RESUMEN

Oocyte maturation involves both nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation. Mogroside V (MV) has been shown to enhance nuclear maturation, mitochondrial content, and developmental potential of porcine oocyte during in vitro maturation (IVM). However, the impact of MV on cytoplasmic maturation and its underlying mechanisms are not understood. This study aimed to assess the effect of MV on cytoplasmic maturation. Germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes treated with MV exhibited a noticeable increase in cortical granules (CGs) formation. Additionally, MV enhanced the expression of NNAT and improved glucose uptake in mature oocytes. Further insights were gained through Smart-seq2 analysis of RNA isolated from 100 oocytes. A total of 11,274 and 11,185 transcripts were identified in oocytes treated with and without MV, respectively. Among quantified genes, 438 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified for further analysis. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis indicated that these DEGs were primarily involved in DNA repair regulation, cellular response to DNA damage, intracellular components, and organelles. Furthermore, the DEGs were significantly enriched in three KEGG pathways: fatty acid synthesis, pyruvate metabolism, and WNT signalling. To validate the results, lipid droplets (LD) and triglyceride (TG) were examined. MV led to an increase in the accumulation of LD and TG production in mature oocytes. These findings suggest that MV enhances cytoplasmic maturation by promoting lipid droplet synthesis. Overall, this study provides valuable insights into the mechanisms through which MV improves oocyte quality during IVM. The results have significant implications for research in livestock reproduction and offer guidance for future studies in this field.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas de Maduración In Vitro de los Oocitos , Oocitos , Animales , Técnicas de Maduración In Vitro de los Oocitos/veterinaria , Oocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Femenino , Porcinos , Gotas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Diterpenos/farmacología , Triglicéridos/metabolismo , Triterpenos
4.
J Pineal Res ; 76(4): e12962, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775315

RESUMEN

There is a need to develop therapies for neonatal encephalopathy (NE) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where the burden of disease is greatest and therapeutic hypothermia (HT) is not effective. We aimed to assess the efficacy of melatonin following inflammation-amplified hypoxia-ischaemia (IA-HI) in the newborn piglet. The IA-HI model accounts for the contribution of infection/inflammation in this setting and HT is not cytoprotective. We hypothesised that intravenous melatonin (5% ethanol, at 20 mg/kg over 2 h at 1 h after HI + 10 mg/kg/12 h between 24 and 60 h) is safe and associated with: (i) reduction in magnetic resonance spectroscopy lactate/N-acetylaspartate (MRS Lac/sNAA); (ii) preservation of phosphorus MRS phosphocreatine/phosphate exchange pool (PCr/Epp); (iii) improved aEEG/EEG recovery and (iv) cytoprotection on immunohistochemistry. Male and female piglets underwent IA-HI by carotid artery occlusion and reduction in FiO2 to 6% at 4 h into Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide sensitisation (2 µg/kg bolus + 1 µg/kg/h over 12 h). At 1 h after IA-HI, piglets were randomised to HI-saline (n = 12) or melatonin (n = 11). There were no differences in insult severity between groups. Target melatonin levels (15-30 mg/L) were achieved within 3 h and blood ethanol levels were <0.25 g/L. At 60 h, compared to HI-saline, melatonin was associated with a reduction of 0.197 log10 units (95% CrI [-0.366, -0.028], Pr(sup) 98.8%) in basal-ganglia and thalamic Lac/NAA, and 0.257 (95% CrI [-0.676, 0.164], Pr(sup) 89.3%) in white matter Lac/NAA. PCr/Epp was higher in melatonin versus HI-saline (Pr(sup) 97.6%). Melatonin was associated with earlier aEEG/EEG recovery from 19 to 24 h (Pr(sup) 95.4%). Compared to HI-saline, melatonin was associated with increased NeuN+ cell density (Pr(sup) 99.3%) across five of eight regions and reduction in TUNEL-positive cell death (Pr(sup) 89.7%). This study supports the translation of melatonin to early-phase clinical trials. Melatonin is protective following IA-HI where HT is not effective. These data guide the design of future dose-escalation studies in the next phase of the translational pipeline.


Asunto(s)
Animales Recién Nacidos , Hipoxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Melatonina , Animales , Melatonina/farmacología , Hipoxia-Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Hipoxia-Isquemia Encefálica/tratamiento farmacológico , Porcinos , Femenino , Masculino , Inflamación/metabolismo , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad
5.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 37: e1800, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716920

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: One of the primary complications associated with large incisions in abdominal surgery is the increased risk of fascial closure rupture and incisional hernia development. The choice of the fascial closure method and closing with minimal tension and trauma is crucial for optimal results, emphasizing the importance of uniform pressure along the suture line to withstand intra-abdominal pressure. AIMS: To evaluate the resistance to pressure and tension of stapled and sutured hand-sewn fascial closure in the abdominal wall. METHODS: Nine abdominal wall flaps from human cadavers and 12 pigs were used for the experimentation. An abdominal defect was induced after the resection of the abdominal wall and the creation of a flap in the cadaveric model and after performing a midline incision in the porcine models. The models were randomized into three groups. Group 1 was treated with a one-layer hand-sewn small bite suture, Group 2 was treated with a two-layer hand-sewn small bite suture, and Group 3 was treated with a two-layer stapled closure. Tension measurements were assessed in cadaveric models, and intra-abdominal pressure was measured in porcine models. RESULTS: In the human cadaveric model, the median threshold for fascial rupture was 300N (300-350) in Group 1, 400N (350-500) in Group 2, and 350N (300-380) in Group 3. Statistical comparisons revealed non-significant differences between Group 1 and Group 2 (p=0.072, p>0.05), Group 1 and Group 3 (p=0.346, p>0.05), and Group 2 and Group 3 (p=0.184, p>0.05). For porcine subjects, Group 1 showed a median pressure of 80 mmHg (85-105), Group 2 had a median of 92.5 mmHg (65-95), and Group 3 had a median of 102.5 mmHg (80-135). Statistical comparisons indicated non-significant differences between Group 1 and Group 2 (p=0.243, p>0.05), Group 1 and Group 3 (p=0.468, p>0.05), and Group 2 and Group 3 (p=0.083, p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Stapled and conventional suturing resist similar pressure and tension thresholds.


Asunto(s)
Pared Abdominal , Cadáver , Técnicas de Sutura , Humanos , Animales , Porcinos , Pared Abdominal/cirugía , Técnicas de Cierre de Herida Abdominal , Grapado Quirúrgico , Modelos Animales , Fasciotomía/métodos , Femenino , Masculino
6.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1384393, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720960

RESUMEN

The clinical consequences of toxoplasmosis are greatly dependent on the Toxoplasma gondii strain causing the infection. To better understand its epidemiology and design appropriate control strategies, it is important to determine the strain present in infected animals. Serotyping methods are based on the detection of antibodies that react against segments of antigenic proteins presenting strain-specific polymorphic variations, offering a cost-effective, sensitive, and non-invasive alternative to genotyping techniques. Herein, we evaluated the applicability of a panel of peptides previously characterized in mice and humans to serotype sheep and pigs. To this end, we used 51 serum samples from experimentally infected ewes (32 type II and 19 type III), 20 sheep samples from naturally infected sheep where the causative strain was genotyped (18 type II and 2 type III), and 40 serum samples from experimentally infected pigs (22 type II and 18 type III). Our ELISA test results showed that a combination of GRA peptide homologous pairs can discriminate infections caused by type II and III strains of T. gondii in sheep and pigs. Namely, the GRA3-I/III-43 vs. GRA3-II-43, GRA6-I/III-213 vs. GRA6-II-214 and GRA6-III-44 vs. GRA6-II-44 ratios showed a statistically significant predominance of the respective strain-type peptide in sheep, while in pigs, in addition to these three peptide pairs, GRA7-II-224 vs. GRA7-III-224 also showed promising results. Notably, the GRA6-44 pair, which was previously deemed inefficient in mice and humans, showed a high prediction capacity, especially in sheep. By contrast, GRA5-38 peptides failed to correctly predict the strain type in most sheep and pig samples, underpinning the notion that individual standardization is needed for each animal species. Finally, we recommend analyzing for each animal at least 2 samples taken at different time points to confirm the obtained results.


Asunto(s)
Antígenos de Protozoos , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática , Proteínas Protozoarias , Serotipificación , Enfermedades de las Ovejas , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmosis Animal , Animales , Ovinos , Toxoplasma/genética , Toxoplasma/inmunología , Toxoplasma/clasificación , Toxoplasmosis Animal/diagnóstico , Toxoplasmosis Animal/parasitología , Porcinos , Proteínas Protozoarias/genética , Proteínas Protozoarias/inmunología , Antígenos de Protozoos/genética , Antígenos de Protozoos/inmunología , Enfermedades de las Ovejas/parasitología , Enfermedades de las Ovejas/diagnóstico , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática/métodos , Serotipificación/métodos , Anticuerpos Antiprotozoarios/sangre , Péptidos/inmunología , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/parasitología , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/diagnóstico , Genotipo
7.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 112(5): 69, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722440

RESUMEN

The rapid development of livestock and poultry industry in China has caused serious environment pollution problems. To understand the heavy metals accumulation and identify their sources, 7 heavy metals contents and lead isotope ratios were determined in 24 soil samples from vegetable fields irrigated with swine wastewater in Dongxiang County, Jiangxi Province, China. The results showed that the concentration of Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd and Pb in the swine wastewater irrigated vegetable soils varied from 38.5 to 86.4, 7.57 to 30.6, 20.0 to 57.1, 37.5 to 174, 9.18 to 53.1, 0.043 to 0.274 and 12.8 to 37.1 mg/kg, respectively. The soils were moderately to heavily polluted by As, moderately polluted by Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn and Cd, and unpolluted to moderately polluted by Pb. Sampling soils were classified as moderately polluted according to the Nemerow comprehensive pollution index. Lead isotope and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) analysis indicated that swine wastewater irrigation and atmospheric deposition were the primary sources of the heavy metals.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Plomo , Metales Pesados , Contaminantes del Suelo , Verduras , Aguas Residuales , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis , Animales , Metales Pesados/análisis , China , Aguas Residuales/química , Porcinos , Verduras/química , Plomo/análisis , Riego Agrícola , Suelo/química , Isótopos/análisis
8.
Lasers Med Sci ; 39(1): 121, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722564

RESUMEN

To develop and validate a 3D simulation model to calculate laser ablation (LA) zone size and estimate the volume of treated tissue for thyroid applications, a model was developed, taking into account dynamic optical and thermal properties of tissue change. For validation, ten Yorkshire swines were equally divided into two cohorts and underwent thyroid LA at 3 W/1,400 J and 3 W/1,800 J respectively with a 1064-nm multi-source laser (Echolaser X4 with Orblaze™ technology; ElEn SpA, Calenzano, Italy). The dataset was analyzed employing key statistical measures such as mean and standard deviation (SD). Model simulation data were compared with animal gross histology. Experimental data for longitudinal length, width (transverse length), ablation volume and sphericity were 11.0 mm, 10.0 mm, 0.6 mL and 0.91, respectively at 1,400 J and 14.6 mm, 12.4 mm, 1.12 mL and 0.83, respectively at 1,800 J. Gross histology data showed excellent reproducibility of the ablation zone among same laser settings; for both 1,400 J and 1,800 J, the SD of the in vivo parameters was ≤ 0.7 mm, except for width at 1,800 J, for which the SD was 1.1 mm. Simulated data for longitudinal length, width, ablation volume and sphericity were 11.6 mm, 10.0 mm, 0.62 mL and 0.88, respectively at 1,400 J and 14.2 mm, 12.0 mm, 1.06 mL and 0.84, respectively at 1,800 J. Experimental data for ablation volume, sphericity coefficient, and longitudinal and transverse lengths of thermal damaged area showed good agreement with the simulation data. Simulation datasets were successfully incorporated into proprietary planning software (Echolaser Smart Interface, Elesta SpA, Calenzano, Italy) to provide guidance for LA of papillary thyroid microcarcinomas. Our mathematical model showed good predictability of coagulative necrosis when compared with data from in vivo animal experiments.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Láser , Glándula Tiroides , Animales , Terapia por Láser/métodos , Terapia por Láser/instrumentación , Glándula Tiroides/cirugía , Glándula Tiroides/patología , Porcinos , Simulación por Computador , Modelos Teóricos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
9.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(6): 534, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727864

RESUMEN

Escherichia coli is one of the key bacteria responsible for a variety of diseases in humans and livestock-associated infections around the globe. It is the leading cause of mortality in neonatal and weaned piglets in pig husbandry, causing diarrhea and significant harm to the industry. Furthermore, the frequent and intensive use of antimicrobials for the prevention of diseases, particularly gastrointestinal diseases, may promote the selection of multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains. These resistant genotypes can be transmitted through the excrement of animals, including swine. It is common practice to use porcine manure processed by biodigesters as fertilizer. This study aimed to examine the antimicrobial susceptibility, the presence of virulence genes frequently associated with pathotypes of intestinal pathogenic E. coli (InPEC), and antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) of 28 E. coli isolates collected from swine manure fertilizers. In addition, the enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-PCR (ERIC-PCR) technique was used to investigate the genetic relationship among the strains. Using disk diffusion, the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the strains were determined. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), 14 distinct virulence genes associated with the most prevalent diarrhea and intestinal pathogenic E. coli (DEC/InPEC) and five ARGs were analyzed. All isolates tested positive for multidrug resistance. There was no detection of any of the 14 virulence genes associated with InPECs, indicating the presence of an avirulent commensal microbiota. Molecular classification by ERIC-PCR revealed that the majority of isolates (27 isolates) coalesced into a larger cluster with a genetic similarity of 47.7%; only one strain did not cluster in this cluster, indicating a high level of genetic diversity among the analyzed isolates. Thus, it is of the utmost importance to conduct epidemiological surveillance of animal breeding facilities in order to determine their microbiota and formulate plans to reduce the use of antimicrobials and improve animal welfare.


Asunto(s)
Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana Múltiple , Escherichia coli , Fertilizantes , Estiércol , Animales , Porcinos , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/efectos de los fármacos , Escherichia coli/aislamiento & purificación , Estiércol/microbiología , Brasil , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana Múltiple/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacología
10.
Anim Biotechnol ; 35(1): 2351973, 2024 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753962

RESUMEN

Vitamin A is an essential nutrient in animals, playing important roles in animal health. In the pig industry, proper supplementation of vitamin A in the feed can improve pork production performance, while deficiency or excessive intake can lead to growth retardation or disease. However, the specific molecular mechanisms through which vitamin A operates on pig skeletal muscle growth as well as muscle stem cell function remain unexplored. Therefore, in this study, we isolated the pig primary skeletal muscle stem cells (pMuSCs) and treated with retinoic acid (RA), the natural metabolite of vitamin A, and then examined the myogenic capacity of pMuSCs via immunostaining, real-time PCR, CCK8 and western-blot analysis. Unexpectedly, the RA caused a significant decrease in the proliferation and differentiation of pMuSCs. Mechanistically, the RA addition induced the activation of retinoic acid receptor gamma (RARγ), which inhibited the myogenesis through the blockage of protein translation of the master myogenic regulator myogenic differentiation 1 gene (MYOD). Specifically, RARγ inactivate AKT kinase (AKT) signalling and lead to dephosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 (eIF4EBP1), which in turn repress the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) complex and block mRNA translation of MYOD. Inhibition of AKT could rescue the myogenic defects of RA-treated pMuSCs. Our findings revealed that retinoid acid signalling inhibits the skeletal muscle stem cell proliferation and differentiation in pigs. Therefore, the vitamin A supplement in the feedstuff should be cautiously optimized to avoid the potential adverse consequences on muscle development associated with the excessive levels of retinoic acid.


Asunto(s)
Diferenciación Celular , Desarrollo de Músculos , Proteína MioD , Transducción de Señal , Tretinoina , Animales , Tretinoina/farmacología , Porcinos , Desarrollo de Músculos/efectos de los fármacos , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Proteína MioD/genética , Proteína MioD/metabolismo , Diferenciación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/efectos de los fármacos , Receptores de Ácido Retinoico/metabolismo , Receptores de Ácido Retinoico/genética , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Biosíntesis de Proteínas/efectos de los fármacos , Células Cultivadas
11.
Biomed Mater ; 19(4)2024 May 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756029

RESUMEN

Hard tissue engineering scaffolds especially 3D printed scaffolds were considered an excellent strategy for craniomaxillofacial hard tissue regeneration, involving crania and facial bones and teeth. Porcine treated dentin matrix (pTDM) as xenogeneic extracellular matrix has the potential to promote the stem cell differentiation and mineralization as it contains plenty of bioactive factors similar with human-derived dentin tissue. However, its application might be impeded by the foreign body response induced by the damage-associated molecular patterns of pTDM, which would cause strong inflammation and hinder the regeneration. Ceria nanoparticles (CNPs) show a great promise at protecting tissue from oxidative stress and influence the macrophages polarization. Using 3D-bioprinting technology, we fabricated a xenogeneic hard tissue scaffold based on pTDM xenogeneic TDM-polycaprolactone (xTDM/PCL) and we modified the scaffolds by CNPs (xTDM/PCL/CNPs). Through series ofin vitroverification, we found xTDM/PCL/CNPs scaffolds held promise at up-regulating the expression of osteogenesis and odontogenesis related genes including collagen type 1, Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), bone morphogenetic protein-2, osteoprotegerin, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and DMP1 and inducing macrophages to polarize to M2 phenotype. Regeneration of bone tissues was further evaluated in rats by conducting the models of mandibular and skull bone defects. Thein vivoevaluation showed that xTDM/PCL/CNPs scaffolds could promote the bone tissue regeneration by up-regulating the expression of osteogenic genes involving ALP, RUNX2 and bone sialoprotein 2 and macrophage polarization into M2. Regeneration of teeth evaluated on beagles demonstrated that xTDM/PCL/CNPs scaffolds expedited the calcification inside the scaffolds and helped form periodontal ligament-like tissues surrounding the scaffolds.


Asunto(s)
Cerio , Matriz Extracelular , Nanopartículas , Osteogénesis , Impresión Tridimensional , Ingeniería de Tejidos , Andamios del Tejido , Animales , Andamios del Tejido/química , Ingeniería de Tejidos/métodos , Porcinos , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Cerio/química , Nanopartículas/química , Ratas , Poliésteres/química , Dentina/química , Humanos , Regeneración Ósea/efectos de los fármacos , Odontogénesis , Diferenciación Celular , Regeneración , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Cráneo , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
12.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 59(5): e14596, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757656

RESUMEN

Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is an effective phenolic antioxidant that can scavenge hydroxyl radicals and superoxide anions. Herein, the protective effects and mechanisms leading to CGA-induced porcine parthenogenetic activation (PA) in early-stage embryos were investigated. Our results showed that 50 µM CGA treatment during the in vitro culture (IVC) period significantly increased the cleavage and blastocyst formation rates and improved the blastocyst quality of porcine early-stage embryos derived from PAs. Then, genes related to zygotic genome activation (ZGA) were identified and investigated, revealing that CGA can promote ZGA in porcine PA early-stage embryos. Further analysis revealed that CGA treatment during the IVC period decreased the abundance of reactive oxygen species (ROS), increased the abundance of glutathione and enhanced the activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase in porcine PA early-stage embryos. Mitochondrial function analysis revealed that CGA increased mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP levels and upregulated the mitochondrial homeostasis-related gene NRF-1 in porcine PA early-stage embryos. In summary, our results suggest that CGA treatment during the IVC period helps porcine PA early-stage embryos by regulating oxidative stress and improving mitochondrial function.


Asunto(s)
Ácido Clorogénico , Técnicas de Cultivo de Embriones , Desarrollo Embrionario , Mitocondrias , Estrés Oxidativo , Partenogénesis , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Animales , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Partenogénesis/efectos de los fármacos , Mitocondrias/efectos de los fármacos , Técnicas de Cultivo de Embriones/veterinaria , Ácido Clorogénico/farmacología , Desarrollo Embrionario/efectos de los fármacos , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Blastocisto/efectos de los fármacos , Porcinos , Potencial de la Membrana Mitocondrial/efectos de los fármacos , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Femenino , Glutatión/metabolismo
14.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 191, 2024 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734611

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Many proteins of African swine fever virus (ASFV, such as p72, p54, p30, CD2v, K205R) have been successfully expressed and characterized. However, there are few reports on the DP96R protein of ASFV, which is the virulence protein of ASFV and plays an important role in the process of host infection and invasion of ASFV. RESULTS: Firstly, the prokaryotic expression vector of DP96R gene was constructed, the prokaryotic system was used to induce the expression of DP96R protein, and monoclonal antibody was prepared by immunizing mice. Four monoclonal cells of DP96R protein were obtained by three ELISA screening and two sub-cloning; the titer of ascites antibody was up to 1:500,000, and the monoclonal antibody could specifically recognize DP96R protein. Finally, the subtypes of the four strains of monoclonal antibodies were identified and the minimum epitopes recognized by them were determined. CONCLUSION: Monoclonal antibody against ASFV DP96R protein was successfully prepared and identified, which lays a foundation for further exploration of the structure and function of DP96R protein and ASFV diagnostic technology.


Asunto(s)
Virus de la Fiebre Porcina Africana , Anticuerpos Monoclonales , Epítopos , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Proteínas Virales , Virus de la Fiebre Porcina Africana/inmunología , Anticuerpos Monoclonales/inmunología , Animales , Epítopos/inmunología , Ratones , Proteínas Virales/inmunología , Anticuerpos Antivirales/inmunología , Porcinos , Fiebre Porcina Africana/inmunología , Fiebre Porcina Africana/virología , Femenino
15.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 331, 2024 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734749

RESUMEN

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Ca(H2PO4)2 and MgSO4 on the bacterial community and nitrogen metabolism genes in the aerobic composting of pig manure. The experimental treatments were set up as control (C), 1% Ca(H2PO4)2 + 2% MgSO4 (CaPM1), and 1.5% Ca(H2PO4)2 + 3% MgSO4 (CaPM2), which were used at the end of composting for potting trials. The results showed that Ca(H2PO4)2 and MgSO4 played an excellent role in retaining nitrogen and increasing the alkali-hydrolyzed nitrogen (AN), available phosphorus (AP), and available potassium (AK) contents of the composts. Adding Ca(H2PO4)2 and MgSO4 changed the microbial community structure of the compost. The microorganisms associated with nitrogen retention were activated. The complexity of the microbial network was enhanced. Genetic prediction analysis showed that the addition of Ca(H2PO4)2 and MgSO4 reduced the accumulation of nitroso-nitrogen and the process of denitrification. At the same time, despite the reduction of genes related to nitrogen fixation, the conversion of ammonia to nitrogenous organic compounds was promoted and the stability of nitrogen was increased. Mantel test analysis showed that Ca(H2PO4)2 and MgSO4 can affect nitrogen transformation-related bacteria and thus indirectly affect nitrogen metabolism genes by influencing the temperature, pH, and organic matter (OM) of the compost and also directly affected nitrogen metabolism genes through PO43- and Mg2+. The pot experiment showed that composting with 1.5% Ca(H2PO4)2 + 3% MgSO4 produced the compost product that improved the growth yield and nutrient content of cilantro and increased the fertility of the soil. In conclusion, Ca(H2PO4)2 and MgSO4 reduces the loss of nitrogen from compost, activates nitrogen-related bacteria and genes in the thermophilic phase of composting, and improves the fertilizer efficiency of compost products. KEY POINTS: • Ca(H2PO4)2 and MgSO4 reduced the nitrogen loss and improved the compost effect • Activated nitrogen-related bacteria and altered nitrogen metabolism genes • Improved the yield and quality of cilantro and fertility of soil.


Asunto(s)
Bacterias , Compostaje , Sulfato de Magnesio , Estiércol , Nitrógeno , Nitrógeno/metabolismo , Estiércol/microbiología , Animales , Porcinos , Bacterias/genética , Bacterias/metabolismo , Bacterias/clasificación , Sulfato de Magnesio/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo , Microbiología del Suelo , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Temperatura , Potasio/metabolismo , Fosfatos de Calcio/metabolismo , Fijación del Nitrógeno
16.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1367975, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736750

RESUMEN

The endemic outbreak of SADS-CoV has resulted in economic losses and potentially threatened the safety of China's pig industry. The molecular epidemiology of SADS-CoV in pig herds has been investigated in many provinces in China. However, there are no data over a long-time span, and there is a lack of extensive serological surveys to assess the prevalence of SADS-CoV in Chinese swine herds since the discovery of SADS-CoV. In this study, an indirect anti-SADS-CoV IgG enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on the SADS-CoV S1 protein was established to investigate the seroprevalence of SADS-CoV in Chinese swine herds. Cross-reactivity assays, indirect immunofluorescence, and western blotting assays showed that the developed ELISA had excellent SADS-CoV specificity. In total, 12,978 pig serum samples from 29 provinces/municipalities/autonomous regions in China were tested from 2022 to 2023. The results showed that the general seroprevalence of SADS-CoV in China was 59.97%, with seroprevalence ranging from 16.7% to 77.12% in different provinces and from 42.61% to 68.45% in different months. SADS-CoV is widely prevalent in China, and its seroprevalence was higher in Northeast China, North China, and Central China than in other regions. Among the four seasons, the prevalence of SADS-CoV was the highest in spring and the lowest in autumn. The results of this study provide the general seroprevalence profile of SADS-CoV in China, facilitating the understanding of the prevalence of SADS-CoV in pigs. More importantly, this study is beneficial in formulating preventive and control measures for SADS-CoV and may provide directions for vaccine development.


Asunto(s)
Anticuerpos Antivirales , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática , Enfermedades de los Porcinos , Animales , China/epidemiología , Estudios Seroepidemiológicos , Porcinos , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática/métodos , Anticuerpos Antivirales/sangre , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/epidemiología , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/virología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/veterinaria , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Inmunoglobulina G/sangre , Alphacoronavirus/inmunología , Alphacoronavirus/genética , Reacciones Cruzadas , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
17.
Curr Protoc ; 4(5): e1012, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712688

RESUMEN

Although protocols to generate authentic transgene-free mouse and human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are now well established, standard methods for reprogramming porcine somatic cells still suffer from low efficiency and transgene retention. The Basic Protocol describes reprogramming procedures to establish transgene-free porcine iPSCs (PiPSCs) from porcine fibroblasts. This method uses episomal plasmids encoding POU5F1, SOX2, NANOG, KLF4, SV40LT, c-MYC, LIN28A, and microRNA-302/367, combined with an optimized medium, to establish PiPSC lines. Support protocols describe the establishment and characterization of clonal PiPSC lines, as well as the preparation of feeder cells and EBNA1 mRNA. This optimized, step-by-step approach tailored to this species enables the efficient derivation of PiPSCs in ∼4 weeks. The establishment of transgene-free PiPSCs provides a new and valuable model for studies of larger mammalian species' development, disease, and regenerative biology. © 2024 The Authors. Current Protocols published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol: Reprogramming of porcine fibroblasts with episomal plasmids Support Protocol 1: Preparation of mouse embryonic fibroblasts for feeder layer Support Protocol 2: Preparation of in vitro-transcribed EBNA1 mRNA Support Protocol 3: Establishment of clonal porcine induced pluripotent stem cell (PiPSC) lines Support Protocol 4: PiPSC characterization: Genomic DNA PCR and RT-PCR Support Protocol 5: PiPSC characterization: Immunostaining.


Asunto(s)
Células Madre Pluripotentes Inducidas , Factor 4 Similar a Kruppel , Transgenes , Animales , Células Madre Pluripotentes Inducidas/citología , Células Madre Pluripotentes Inducidas/metabolismo , Porcinos , Ratones , Fibroblastos/citología , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultivo de Célula/métodos , Reprogramación Celular/genética
18.
Xenotransplantation ; 31(3): e12863, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751087

RESUMEN

Overexpression of human CD200 (hCD200) in porcine endothelial cells (PECs) has been reported to suppress xenogeneic immune responses of human macrophages against porcine endothelial cells. The current study aimed to address whether the above-mentioned beneficial effect of hCD200 is mediated by overcoming the molecular incompatibility between porcine CD200 (pCD200) and hCD200 receptor or simply by increasing the expression levels of CD200 without any molecular incompatibility across the two species. We overexpressed hCD200 or pCD200 using lentiviral vectors with V5 marker in porcine endothelial cells and compared their suppressive activity against U937-derived human macrophage-like cells (hMCs) and primary macrophages. In xenogeneic coculture of porcine endothelial cells and human macrophage-like cells or macrophages, hCD200-porcine endothelial cells suppressed phagocytosis and cytotoxicity of human macrophages to a greater extent than pCD200-porcine endothelial cells. Secretion of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 from human macrophages and expression of M1 phenotypes (inducible nitric oxide synthase, dectin-1, and CD86) were also suppressed by hCD200 to a greater extent than pCD200. Furthermore, in signal transduction downstream of CD200 receptor, hCD200 induced Dok2 phosphorylation and suppressed IκB phosphorylation to a greater extent than pCD200. The above data supported the possibility of a significant molecular incompatibility between pCD200 and human CD200 receptor, suggesting that the beneficial effects of hCD200 overexpression in porcine endothelial cells could be mediated by overcoming the molecular incompatibility across the species barrier rather than by simple overexpression effects of CD200.


Asunto(s)
Antígenos CD , Células Endoteliales , Macrófagos , Trasplante Heterólogo , Animales , Humanos , Antígenos CD/inmunología , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos CD/genética , Porcinos , Macrófagos/inmunología , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Trasplante Heterólogo/métodos , Células Endoteliales/inmunología , Fagocitosis , Receptores de Orexina/genética , Receptores de Orexina/metabolismo , Receptores de Orexina/inmunología , Técnicas de Cocultivo
19.
Arch Virol ; 169(6): 119, 2024 May 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753197

RESUMEN

Porcine circovirus (PCV) has become a major pathogen, causing major economic losses in the global pig industry, and PCV type 2 (PCV2) and 3 (PCV3) are distributed worldwide. We designed specific primer and probe sequences targeting PCV2 Cap and PCV3 Rap and developed a multiplex crystal digital PCR (cdPCR) method after optimizing the primer concentration, probe concentration, and annealing temperature. The multiplex cdPCR assay permits precise and differential detection of PCV2 and PCV3, with a limit of detection of 1.39 × 101 and 1.27 × 101 copies/reaction, respectively, and no cross-reaction with other porcine viruses was observed. The intra-assay and interassay coefficients of variation (CVs) were less than 8.75%, indicating good repeatability and reproducibility. To evaluate the practical value of this assay, 40 tissue samples and 70 feed samples were tested for both PCV2 and PCV3 by cdPCR and quantitative PCR (qPCR). Using multiplex cdPCR, the rates of PCV2 infection, PCV3 infection, and coinfection were 28.45%, 1.72%, and 12.93%, respectively, and using multiplex qPCR, they were 25.00%, 0.86%, and 4.31%, respectively This highly specific and sensitive multiplex cdPCR thus allows accurate simultaneous detection of PCV2 and PCV3, and it is particularly well suited for applications that require the detection of small amounts of input nucleic acid or samples with intensive processing and complex matrices.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Circoviridae , Circovirus , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa Multiplex , Enfermedades de los Porcinos , Circovirus/genética , Circovirus/aislamiento & purificación , Circovirus/clasificación , Porcinos , Animales , Infecciones por Circoviridae/veterinaria , Infecciones por Circoviridae/virología , Infecciones por Circoviridae/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/virología , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/diagnóstico , Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa Multiplex/métodos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Cartilla de ADN/genética , ADN Viral/genética
20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 239, 2024 May 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735951

RESUMEN

Widespread distribution of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) has led to catastrophic losses to the global pig farming industry. As a result, there is an urgent need for rapid, sensitive and accurate tests for PEDV to enable timely and effective interventions. In the present study, we develop and validate a floating gate carbon nanotubes field-effect transistor (FG CNT-FET)-based portable immunosensor for rapid identification of PEDV in a sensitive and accurate manner. To improve the affinity, a unique PEDV spike protein-specific monoclonal antibody is prepared by purification, and subsequently modified on FG CNT-FET sensor to recognize PEDV. The developed FET biosensor enables highly sensitive detection (LoD: 8.1 fg/mL and 100.14 TCID50/mL for recombinant spike proteins and PEDV, respectively), as well as satisfactory specificity. Notably, an integrated portable platform consisting of a pluggable FG CNT-FET chip and a portable device can discriminate PEDV positive from negative samples and even identify PEDV and porcine deltacoronavirus within 1 min with 100% accuracy. The portable sensing platform offers the capability to quickly, sensitively and accurately identify PEDV, which further points to a possibility of point of care (POC) applications of large-scale surveillance in pig breeding facilities.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , Nanotubos de Carbono , Virus de la Diarrea Epidémica Porcina , Virus de la Diarrea Epidémica Porcina/aislamiento & purificación , Animales , Porcinos , Técnicas Biosensibles/métodos , Técnicas Biosensibles/instrumentación , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Límite de Detección , Inmunoensayo/métodos , Inmunoensayo/instrumentación , Anticuerpos Monoclonales/inmunología , Transistores Electrónicos , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/diagnóstico , Enfermedades de los Porcinos/virología , Glicoproteína de la Espiga del Coronavirus/inmunología , Glicoproteína de la Espiga del Coronavirus/análisis , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/veterinaria , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Anticuerpos Antivirales/inmunología , Diseño de Equipo
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