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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: 40392, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1094841

RESUMEN

Objetivo: discutir sobre a aplicação do construto da perspectiva temporal e os principais instrumentos de análise utilizados em estudos na área da saúde e da enfermagem. Conteúdo: a perspectiva temporal é uma das forças fundamentais na vida das pessoas e desempenha influência nos comportamentos, atitudes e decisões. Por ter forte influência nos comportamentos, o campo da saúde pode se beneficiar da sua aplicação. As dimensões temporais de passado, presente e futuro são usadas na codificação, armazenamento e recuperação de experiências vividas, inclusive de saúde e doença, fornecendo interpretações, estabelecendo metas e auxiliando a tomada de decisões. Conclusão: destaca-se a importância da influência da perspectiva temporal no comportamento relacionado à saúde, visto que a incorporação da avaliação da perspectiva temporal nas ações de cuidado à saúde também pode contribuir na prática da assistência, tanto para prevenção de comportamentos considerados prejudiciais, quanto para o desenvolvimento de comportamentos protetores para a saúde.


Objective: to discuss the application of the temporal perspective construct and the main analytical tools used in health and nursing studies. Content: the time perspective is one of the fundamental forces in people's lives and influences behavior, attitudes and decisions. Because it has a strong influence on behaviors, the field of health can be benefited with its application. The time dimensions of past, present and future are used in the codification, storage and retrieval of lived experiences, including health and illness, providing interpretations, setting goals and assisting in decision making. Conclusion: the importance of the time perspective's influence on health-related behavior is highlighted, since the incorporation of the temporal perspective evaluation into health care actions can also contribute to the practice of care, both for the prevention of behaviors considered harmful and for the development of protective behaviors for health. Descriptors: Time perception; health behavior; delivery of health care; nursing.


Objetivo: discutir la aplicación del construco de la perspectiva temporal y las principales herramientas analíticas utilizadas en los estudios de salud y enfermería. Contenido: la perspectiva del tiempo es una de las fuerzas fundamentales en la vida de las personas e influye en el comportamiento, las actitudes y las decisiones. Debido a que tiene una fuerte influencia en los comportamientos, el campo de la salud se puede beneficiar con su aplicación. Las dimensiones de tiempo del pasado, presente y futuro se utilizan en la codificación, almacenamiento y recuperación de experiencias vividas, incluida la salud y la enfermedad, proporcionando interpretaciones, estableciendo objetivos y ayudando en la toma de decisiones. Conclusión: se destaca la importancia de la influencia de la perspectiva del tiempo en el comportamiento relacionado con la salud, ya que la incorporación de la evaluación de la perspectiva temporal en las acciones de atención de la salud también puede contribuir a la práctica de la atención, tanto para la prevención de comportamientos considerados perjudiciales como para el desarrollo de comportamientos protectores para la salud.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Percepción del Tiempo , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Vulnerabilidad en Salud , Atención de Enfermería
2.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190025, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059133

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the perceptions of the family members of users of a children's psychosocial care center, regarding the facilitating factors and the difficulties in the communication with the health professionals. Method: a qualitative and descriptive study conducted with 25 family members of users of a children's psychosocial care center in a city of Minas Gerais (Brazil). Data collection took place between April and July 2017 using focus groups and a semi-structured script for the implementation of group sessions. Data was analyzed according to content analysis, thematic category. Results: two categories emerged from the analysis: Professional-Family relationship and Suggestions to enhance communication, which included practicalities and difficulties in communication. The data showed that the professional-family relationship refers to the professionals' positive actions, which facilitate communication, and to their negative actions, which means offering a distant and dehumanized care and failing to provide guidance. The suggestions to enhance communication were directed to the interventions focused on the family and on the dynamics and management of the service. Conclusion: there is a need for collaboration among management, staff and family members, which can contribute to a better health care and to building more solidary and dialogical relationships.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar las percepciones de los familiares de los usuarios de un centro de atención psicosocial infanto-juvenil, en relación con los factores facilitadores y las dificultades de la comunicación con los profesionales de la salud. Método: estudio cualitativo y descriptivo realizado con 25 familiares de usuarios de un centro de atención psicosocial infanto-juvenil en un municipio de Minas Gerais (Brasil). Los datos se recolectaron entre los meses de abril y junio de 2017 por medio de grupos focalizados, con la aplicación de un guión semiestructurado para desarrollar las sesiones grupales. Los datos se analizaron conforme al análisis de contenido, con la modalidad temática. Resultados: a partir del análisis surgieron dos categorías: Relación profesional-familia y Sugerencias para potenciar la comunicación; ambas abarcaron facilidades y dificultades en la comunicación. Los datos evidenciaron que la relación profesional-familia se refiere tanto a las acciones positivas de los profesionales, que facilitan la comunicación, como a sus acciones negativas, que significan ofrecer una atención distante y poco humanizada con escasa orientación. Las sugerencias para potenciar la comunicación estuvieron dirigidas a las intervenciones enfocadas en la familia y en la dinámica y organización del servicio. Conclusión: se hace evidente que es necesaria una aproximación entre la administración, el equipo de profesionales y los familiares, lo que puede ayudar a mejorar los cuidados en salud y hacer posible que se establezcan relaciones más solidarias y con más diálogo.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar as percepções dos familiares de usuários de um centro de atenção psicossocial infantojuvenil, em relação aos fatores facilitadores e dificultadores da comunicação com os profissionais de saúde. Método: estudo qualitativo, descritivo, realizado com 25 familiares de usuários de um centro de atenção psicossocial infantojuvenil, em um município de Minas Gerais (Brasil). A coleta de dados ocorreu entre os meses de abril a julho de 2017, por meio de grupos focais, aplicando-se roteiro semiestruturado para desenvolvimento das sessões grupais. Os dados foram analisados segundo a análise de conteúdo, modalidade temática. Resultados: da análise emergiram duas categorias: Relação profissional-família e Sugestões para potencializar a comunicação, as quais abrangeram facilidades e dificuldades na comunicação. Os dados evidenciaram que a relação profissional-família diz respeito às ações positivas dos profissionais que facilitam a comunicação, e às ações negativas atuação distante, pouco humanizado, com escassez de orientação. As sugestões para potencializar a comunicação foram direcionadas às intervenções focadas na família e na dinâmica e organização do serviço. Conclusão: evidencia-se a necessidade de aproximação entre gerência, equipe de profissionais e familiares; o que pode contribuir para melhoria do cuidado em saúde e para a construção de relações mais solidárias e dialógicas.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Cuidadores , Comunicación , Servicios de Salud Mental , Relaciones Profesional-Familia , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Relaciones Familiares
3.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e45918, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1117684

RESUMEN

Objetivo: analisar a compreensão de estudantes de graduação em enfermagem sobre as Redes de Atenção à Saúde. Método: estudo descritivo e exploratório, qualitativo, realizado com 27 estudantes em Enfermagem de uma universidade federal do sul do Brasil, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas realizadas entre agosto e setembro de 2018. Resultados: foi evidenciado o conhecimento dos estudantes em relação ao conceito e objetivo das Redes de Atenção à Saúde, a identificação de fragilidades na comunicação e a falta de conhecimento do usuário como obstáculos na efetivação das mesmas, a dificuldade em ver a atuação do enfermeiro dentro dos variados serviços das redes e a percepção sobre a fragmentação do processo de formação. Conclusão: o estudo contribui para a discussão sobre a inclusão dos estudantes nas Redes de Atenção à Saúde, com intuito de superar as exigências educacionais que buscam favorecer a efetivação do Sistema Único de Saúde e das Redes de Atenção à Saúde.


Objective: to examine undergraduate nursing students' understanding of Health Care Networks (HCNs). Method: in this exploratory, qualitative descriptive study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 27 Nursing students at a federal University in southern Brazil between August and September 2018. Results: the interviews revealed that the students' knowledge related to the HCNs' concept and purpose, beyond the communication weaknesses and users' lack knowledge as obstacles to effective HCNs, the difficulty in seeing nurses' roles in the various network services, and perceived fragmentation in the training process. Conclusion: the study contributed to discussion of inclusion of students in HCRs, with a view to meeting the educational requirements designed to favor implementation of the national health system (SUS) and the HCNs.


Objetivo: analizar la comprensión de los estudiantes de enfermería de pregrado sobre las redes de atención de la salud (HCN). Método: en este estudio exploratorio, cualitativo descriptivo, se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a 27 estudiantes de Enfermería de una Universidad federal del sur de Brasil entre agosto y septiembre de 2018. Resultados: las entrevistas revelaron que los conocimientos de los estudiantes relacionados con el concepto y propósito, más allá de las debilidades de comunicación y la falta de conocimiento de los usuarios como obstáculos para una HCN eficaz, la dificultad para ver el rol de las enfermeras en los distintos servicios de la red y la fragmentación percibida en el proceso de formación. Conclusión: el estudio contribuyó a la discusión de la inclusión de los estudiantes en las HCR, con miras a cumplir con los requisitos educativos diseñados para favorecer la implementación del Sistema Nacional de Salud (SUS) y las HCN.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Atención Primaria de Salud/organización & administración , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Sistema Único de Salud/organización & administración , Prestación de Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Comprensión , Brasil , Rol de la Enfermera , Investigación Cualitativa , Educación de Postgrado en Enfermería
4.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161677

RESUMEN

The article considers main directions of health care reform in the USSR during first post-war decades. The brief description of the state of health and health care in the USSR on the eve of the reform is presented. The main transformations implemented in 1945-1965 are adduced and analyzed. The corresponding impact on changes in medical demographic indices is demonstrated.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud , Reforma de la Atención de Salud , Reforma de la Atención de Salud/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , U.R.S.S.
5.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 18(5): 564-571, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143601

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: With the declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic, many studies have indicated that elective surgeries should be postponed. However, postponement of transplants may cause diseases to get worse and increase the number in wait lists. We believe that, with precautions, transplant does not pose a risk during pandemic. Here, we aimed to evaluate our transplant results, which we safely performed during a 6-month pandemic period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Until September 2020, 3140 kidney and 667 liver transplants have been performed in our centers. We evaluated 38 kidney transplants and 9 liver transplants procedures performed during the pandemic (March 1 to September 2, 2020). Recipient and donor candidates were screened for COVID-19 with polymerase chain reaction and thoracic computed tomography. All recipients had routine immunosuppressive protocol. During hospitalization at our COVID-19-free transplant facility, we restricted the interactions during multidisciplinary rounds. RESULTS: During the pandemic, 38 kidney transplants with an average length of hospital stay of 8.1 days were performed. Mean serum creatinine values of recipients were 0.91, 0.86, and 0.74 mg/dL on postoperative days 7, 30, and 90, respectively. During the pandemic, 9 living donor liver transplants (1 adult, 8 pediatric) were performed with an average length of hospital stay of 17.1 days. Mean serum total bilirubin levels were 0.9, 0.5, and 0.4 mg/dL on postoperative days 7, 30, and 90, respectively. Mean serum aspartate aminotransferase levels were 38.1, 28.3, and 22.3 U/L on postoperative days 7, 30, and 90, respectively. All recipients and donors were successfully discharged. Only 1 liver recipient died (on day 55 after discharge as a result of oxalosis-induced heart failure). CONCLUSIONS: According to our results, when precautions are taken, transplant does not pose a risk to patients during the pandemic period. We attribute the safety and success shown to our newly developed protocol in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Prestación de Atención de Salud/tendencias , Trasplante de Riñón/tendencias , Trasplante de Hígado/tendencias , Evaluación de Procesos y Resultados en Atención de Salud/tendencias , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Huésped Inmunocomprometido , Inmunosupresores/administración & dosificación , Trasplante de Riñón/efectos adversos , Trasplante de Hígado/efectos adversos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Seguridad del Paciente , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Turquia , Listas de Espera , Adulto Joven
6.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Nov 05.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150876

RESUMEN

Prenatal care, understood as routine care provided during pregnancy, should be based on basic pillars, such as taking into account the sociocultural context in which such care is offered, ensuring that the service is appropriate, accessible and of high quality, and also with care personalized. According to World Health Organization, the minimum number of recommended visits during pregnancy should be eight, with the different professionals involved in the process, in addition to preparing for childbirth or maternal education. Since the pandemic erupted due to SARS-CoV-2, many of the usual social health services have had to adapt to provide safety and prevent infection, a priority in vulnerable groups where pregnant women are found. Professionals have had to adapt to telematics care, thus attending consultations to reduce the mobility of pregnant women to health centers, thus avoiding unnecessary risks. Therefore, all this situation has opened a virtual field of work that, although previously carried out in different areas, now more than ever acquires special relevance and for which professional training is necessary, as a complement to face-to-face appointments.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Prestación de Atención de Salud/tendencias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Atención Prenatal/tendencias , Betacoronavirus , Femenino , Humanos , Pandemias , Embarazo , Mujeres Embarazadas , España
7.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161655

RESUMEN

Nowadays, the most important place in medicine is occupied by ethical and legal aspects of organization of medical care and the provision of qualitative medical services to citizens. The main mechanism of functioning of the patient-centric health care system is implementation of the rights of patients as described in our country within the framework of international legal acts, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Civil, the Civil Procedure and Criminal Codes of the Russian Federation, as well as the Legislation on the protection of health of citizen. Since the mid of twentieth century, in many countries was widely discussed possibility of ensuring one of the most controversial and non-obvious rights of patient - the right to death. In medical practice, the mechanisms implementing this right are the acts of euthanasia, the assisted suicide, the voluntary death (refusal of water and food), "murder out of sympathy", terminal sedation and the phenomenon of "double effect" as well. The article presents review of scientific publications presented in national and international databases, highlighting prerequisites of implementation of euthanasia into practice and international experience of applying this mechanism of demise as well.


Asunto(s)
Criminales , Eutanasia , Suicidio Asistido , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Humanos , Federación de Rusia
8.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161657

RESUMEN

The gene therapy is totally new approach to treatment of patient. It has significant therapeutic potential for wide range of diseases, including those caused by genetic disorders. The in vivo therapy is one of types of gene therapy meaning that impact on gene apparatus of somatic cells occurs straight within organism of patient. Among significant advantages of of this kind of therapy is potential opportunity of treatment of diseases which previously had no effective therapy or only supportive symptomatic therapy was administered. The article describes international approaches to classification of gene therapy preparations. The review of in vivo gene therapy preparations currently registered in different countries. Also, the features of their development, production and registration are analyzed. For many in vivo gene therapy preparations, due to small number of patients, clinical evidence base is limited, especially in terms of long-term clinical effect that complicates process of registration and economic evaluation for subsequent their inclusion in the system of state funding. It should also be noted that gene preparations currently registered abroad have extremely high cost that limits their widespread implementation into clinical practice. The production of gene therapy preparations requires a number of additional measures targeted to supporting product quality that complicates process of their production and registration. Due to absence of necessity in large production capacities, gene therapy preparations are produced centrally that results in their logistic complexities. It is actual to analyze international experience of distribution of in vivo gene therapy preparations in order to optimize approaches to regulation, assessment and financing of gene technologies in the Russian Federation.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud , Terapia Genética , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Humanos , Federación de Rusia
9.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161673

RESUMEN

The achievements of modern medicine resulted in an increase of number of patients living with chronic diseases that turned out as significant burden for national economics. The oncologic diseases are one of the most widespread ones, determining patient vital prognosis. The modern achievements in medicine determine possibility of optimizing clinical prognosis and chronic course of disease. In modern Russia, the health care system functions in accordance with model of urgent, fragmented medical care that does not meet current needs of patients with chronic diseases. In Russia, actual procedures of medical care of oncologic patients do not consider interdisciplinary continuum scenario. Therefore, the need for its conceptualization. The article proposes model of continuum of oncologic care of patients in the context of an integrated health care system, that presupposes complex interdisciplinary follow-up of patients with chronic disease in situations of disease.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud , Cuidados Paliativos , Enfermedad Crónica , Humanos , Federación de Rusia/epidemiología
10.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161675

RESUMEN

The personnel policy is one of priority areas of developing national health care. Its effective implementation requires evidence-based development of relevant program documents, the most important of which is the Concept of health care personnel policy that currently exists only in a number of regions of the Russian Federation. In this regard, the purpose of the study was to develop approaches to scientific justification and development of the Concept of health care personnel policy at the level of region of the Russian Federation, as exemplified in the Irkutsk oblast. The article describes progress of this large-scale and lengthy study, its main results included. The developed approaches resulted in comprehensive organizational technology of development corresponding Concept. The results of this experience can be implemented in other regions of the Russian Federation. Therefore, it is of scientific and practical interest for all potential developers of similar program documents and wide range of specialists in health care organization.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud , Política de Salud , Federación de Rusia , Especialización
11.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161680

RESUMEN

In 1920s - late 1980s, active cooperation between the USSR and Mongolia in the field of medicine and health care had been occurred. The Mongolian People's Republic was the first country to which the USSR exported its organization of health care system, using it as a means of geopolitical influence and instrument of the socialist transformation of traditional nomadic society. At the same time, assistance to Mongolia began when the USSR itself had not yet completed the organization of new health care system, including needed medical personnel and resources, receiving assistance from Germany and other European countries. The article discusses the reasons of the Soviet leadership's hasty decision to force assistance to the Mongolian People's Republic in the field of medicine and health care. Two approaches to its implementation are singled out and explained: the evolutionary one, when experienced Soviet doctors were selected and sent to the Mongolian Department of Health care, and the forced one - through organization of expeditions of the People's Commissariat of Health of the RSFSR, which simultaneously studied the medical and sanitary situation in the country and organized medical institutions where the assistance was needed the most.


Asunto(s)
Medicina , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Mongolia , Organizaciones
12.
Rev Infirm ; 69(264): 39-40, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129477

RESUMEN

Some health care institutions in Quebec have nursing teams composed mainly of French professionals. For those who are considering a professional experience in Quebec, a French nurse offers feedback on recruitment in France and on the immigration procedures that allowed her to take up a position in Montreal in 2019.


Asunto(s)
Práctica Profesional , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Emigración e Inmigración , Femenino , Francia , Humanos , Quebec
13.
Rev Infirm ; 69(264): 41-43, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129478

RESUMEN

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic upset the daily life of all French people, through the fear caused by this disease called COVID-19, but also through the changes in lifestyle resulting from sanitary confinement. As health professional students, we also experienced this shock from a professional point of view by supporting the healthcare teams in the context of the launch of the "Plan Blanc".


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Humanos
14.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 18(1): 85, 2020 Oct 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129319

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The use of telemedicine in pediatric rheumatology has been historically low. The current COVID 19 global pandemic has forced a paradigm shift with many centers rapidly adopting virtual visits to conduct care resulting in rapid expansion of use of telemedicine amongst practices. BODY: This commentary discusses practical tips for physicians including guidance around administrative and governance issues, preparation for telemedicine, involving the multidisciplinary care team, and teaching considerations. We also outline a standard proforma and smart phrases for the electronic health record. A proposed variation of the validated pediatric gait arms legs spine examination (pGALS) called the video pGALS (VpGALS) as a means of conducting virtual pediatric rheumatology physical examination is presented. CONCLUSION: This commentary provides a starting framework for telemedicine use in pediatric rheumatology and further work on validation and acceptability is needed.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pediatría/métodos , Examen Físico/métodos , Neumonía Viral , Reumatología/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Comunicación por Videocoferencia , Betacoronavirus , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Selección de Paciente , Pediatría/educación , Pediatría/organización & administración , Reumatología/educación , Reumatología/organización & administración , Telemedicina/legislación & jurisprudencia , Telemedicina/organización & administración , Estados Unidos
15.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 102, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146296

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To present the methodological approach used in a research that analyzed the use and performance of specialized health care, from primary care access, in four major Brazilian cities: Fortaleza (CE), Campinas (SP), São Paulo (SP) and Porto Alegre (RS). METHODS: Presentation and discussion of the quantitative-qualitative components of the proposed research strategy. RESULTS: Four tracing conditions were studied: systemic arterial hypertension, high-risk pregnancy, breast cancer and severe mental disorder. For each health condition, indicators were constructed based on health information systems data, pointing out frequencies, temporal trends and local differences. This initial contextualization was enriched with a descriptive-qualitative study of the performance of each municipal health service network. Next, a cross-sectional study was conducted through a survey of 7,053 users of specialized services for each health condition. Finally, in-depth interviews were conducted with key actors to complement selected operational aspects of each municipality's network. The results of all these data sources were triangulated, allowing us to explore the variability of SUS implementations in different regional scenarios. CONCLUSIONS: The multifaceted analytical model presented allows us to understand relevant aspects of the Unified Health System performance, paying attention to the singularities, heterogeneities and inequalities that characterize its implementation in Brazil and emphasizing the performance of local networks for the addressed health conditions.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Atención Primaria de Salud/organización & administración , Brasil , Ciudades , Estudios Transversales , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Factores Socioeconómicos
17.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(11): e20135, 2020 11 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170132

RESUMEN

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of wireless, interrelated, and connected digital devices that can collect, send, and store data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. The IoT promises many benefits to streamlining and enhancing health care delivery to proactively predict health issues and diagnose, treat, and monitor patients both in and out of the hospital. Worldwide, government leaders and decision makers are implementing policies to deliver health care services using technology and more so in response to the novel COVID-19 pandemic. It is now becoming increasingly important to understand how established and emerging IoT technologies can support health systems to deliver safe and effective care. The aim of this viewpoint paper is to provide an overview of the current IoT technology in health care, outline how IoT devices are improving health service delivery, and outline how IoT technology can affect and disrupt global health care in the next decade. The potential of IoT-based health care is expanded upon to theorize how IoT can improve the accessibility of preventative public health services and transition our current secondary and tertiary health care to be a more proactive, continuous, and coordinated system. Finally, this paper will deal with the potential issues that IoT-based health care generates, barriers to market adoption from health care professionals and patients alike, confidence and acceptability, privacy and security, interoperability, standardization and remuneration, data storage, and control and ownership. Corresponding enablers of IoT in current health care will rely on policy support, cybersecurity-focused guidelines, careful strategic planning, and transparent policies within health care organizations. IoT-based health care has great potential to improve the efficiency of the health system and improve population health.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Prestación de Atención de Salud/tendencias , Internet de las Cosas , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Australia/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Prestación de Atención de Salud/normas , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control
19.
Pan Afr Med J ; 35(Suppl 2): 140, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193955

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic and its public health control measures have led to worldwide interruptions in healthcare service delivery, and cancer services are no exception. These interruptions have exacerbated the effects of previously reported barriers to accessing cancer care which was reportedly low even before the pandemic. If these effects are not mitigated, the achievements in cancer control that had already been made could be watered down. Measuring the impact of COVID-19 pandemic control measures on delivery of and access to cancer services in Uganda as well as other countries worldwide can inform the design of current and future responses to epidemics while putting into context other diseases like cancer that have a high burden.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Neoplasias/terapia , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Países en Desarrollo , Promoción de la Salud , Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Tamizaje Masivo , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Cuarentena , Sistema de Registros , Uganda/epidemiología
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 35(Suppl 2): 143, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193958

RESUMEN

Zimbabwe reported its first case of COVID-19 on 20 March 2020, and since then the number has increased to over 4000. To contain the spread of the causative SARS-CoV-2 and prepare the healthcare system, public health interventions, including lockdowns, were imposed on 30 March 2020. These resulted in disruptions in healthcare provision, and movement of people and supply chains. There have been resultant delays in seeking and accessing healthcare by the patients. Additionally, disruption of essential health services in the areas of maternal and child health, sexual and reproductive health services, care for chronic conditions and access to oncological and other specialist services has occurred. Thus, there may be avoidable excess morbidity and mortality from non-COVID-19 causes that is not justifiable by the current local COVID-19 burden. Measures to restore normalcy to essential health services provision as guided by the World Health Organisation and other bodies needs to be considered and implemented urgently, to avoid preventable loss of life and excess morbidity. Adequate infection prevention and control measures must be put in place to ensure continuity of essential services whilst protecting healthcare workers and patients from contracting COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Enfermedad Crónica/epidemiología , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/organización & administración , Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Guías como Asunto , Recursos en Salud/provisión & distribución , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Pacientes no Asegurados , Medicina , Modelos Teóricos , Mortalidad , Neoplasias/terapia , Pandemias/prevención & control , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Equipo de Protección Personal/provisión & distribución , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Servicios de Salud Reproductiva/provisión & distribución , Organización Mundial de la Salud , Zimbabwe/epidemiología
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