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1.
J Forensic Sci ; 65(1): 160-165, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343744

RESUMEN

The characteristics of mental disorders, as well as deficiencies in their treatment, must be properly defined. This was a prospective, longitudinal, observational study, in which all men referred to a penitentiary psychiatric consultation of three penitentiary centers in Spain were invited to participate. Those who consented to participation (1328) were interviewed at the baseline timepoint and at intervals for up to 3 years. The presence of mental disorders was high: 68.2% had a cluster B personality disorder, 14% had an affective and/or anxiety disorders, 13% had schizophrenia, and over 80% had a dual disorder. Polypharmacy was the norm. Moreover, the health care received in prison did not match that provided in the community in terms of quantity and quality. These results should help to facilitate the design of mental healthcare provision for prisoners, focusing on both the most frequent patient profiles and equality of care.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Servicios de Salud Mental/organización & administración , Prisioneros/psicología , Prisiones , Adulto , Coinfección , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Hepatitis C Crónica/epidemiología , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Polifarmacia , Estudios Prospectivos , Psicotrópicos/uso terapéutico , España/epidemiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología
2.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1049670

RESUMEN

Objetivo: analizar las producciones científicas nacionales sobre la atención médica de los hombres en el contexto penitenciario. Método: revisión integral de la literatura siguiendo seis pasos. Las búsquedas se realizaron en una base de datos - Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud y en el portal de revistas en línea - Scientific Electronic Library Online. Se incluyeron estudios de los últimos diez años, publicados en portugués y completos. El análisis y la exposición de los resultados fueron a través del enfoque descriptivo. Resultados: La búsqueda arrojó 546 artículos en ambas bases de datos, luego de analizar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, se incluyeron nueve estudios. Después de leer y analizar estos estudios, se construyeron cuatro categorías temáticas. Conclusión: Lo que se aborda y defiende en las políticas de salud pública no se pone en práctica. Los profesionales de la salud y los agentes de seguridad actúan con una asistencia simple, sin humanización y sin medidas preventivas de salud


Objetivo: analisar as produções científicas nacionais a respeito do cuidado em saúde dos homens no contexto prisional. Método: revisão integrativa seguindo seis etapas. As buscas foram realizadas na base de dados ­ Literatura Latino-americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e no portal de periódicos online - Scientific Electronic Library Online. Foram incluídos estudos dos últimos dez anos, publicados em português e na íntegra. A análise e exposição dos resultados foram por meio da abordagem descritiva. Resultados: A busca resultou em 546 artigos em ambas as bases, após análise dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão foram incluídos nove estudos. Após leitura e análise desses estudos foram construídas quatro categorias temáticas. Conclusão: Não é colocado em prática o que é abordado e defendido nas políticas públicas de saúde. Os profissionais de saúde e agentes de segurança atuam em um simples assistencialismo, sem humanização, e sem medidas preventivas de saúde


Objective: to analyze the national scientific productions about men's health care in the prison context. Method: integrative literature review following six steps. The searches were performed in a database - Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature and in the online journal portal - Scientific Electronic Library Online. Studies from the last ten years, published in Portuguese and in full were included. The analysis and exposition of the results were through the descriptive approach. Results: The search resulted in 546 articles in both databases. After analyzing the inclusion and exclusion criteria, nine studies were included. After reading and analyzing these studies, four thematic categories were constructed. Conclusion: What is approached and defended in public health policies is not put into practice. Health professionals and security agents act in a simple assistance, without humanization, and without preventive health measures


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Prisiones , Prisioneros , Salud del Hombre , Hombres , Poblaciones Vulnerables , Políticas Públicas de Salud , Derechos de los Prisioneros
3.
J Law Med ; 27(1): 29-36, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682339

RESUMEN

Victoria's Complex Adult Victim Sex Offender Management Review Panel recommended that an independent body be established to manage high-risk offenders with input from multi-agency panels. The Panel's recommendations were influenced by the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements that exist across the United Kingdom. This column compares the operation of the sole Multi-Agency Panel that has been established in Victoria with that of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels (MAPPPs) in Scotland and the Risk Assessment and Management Panels set up to combat family violence in Victoria. It then provides a comparison of how information-sharing has been implemented in Victoria and Scotland. It concludes that, although the legislation governing each is similar, the implementation and operation of the two has been very different. This difference in approach has implications for how clinicians and health services interact with the process, and how issues of information-sharing and confidentiality are addressed.


Asunto(s)
Criminales , Prisiones , Adulto , Humanos , Medición de Riesgo , Reino Unido
4.
N C Med J ; 80(6): 344-347, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685567

RESUMEN

North Carolina has approximately 36,500 prisoners. As the population becomes more complex, the Department of Public Safety still has the responsibility to provide medical care to all those in its custody. Despite staffing shortages, limited financial resources, and logistical challenges the state must continue to provide access to care.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Prisioneros , Prisiones/organización & administración , Humanos , North Carolina
6.
N C Med J ; 80(6): 348-351, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685569

RESUMEN

Many incarcerated patients will require in-hospital care outside prison facilities. Often, this care is provided by clinicians unfamiliar with the correctional context. In this article, we reflect on our experiences caring for incarcerated inpatients in non-carceral settings in North Carolina and highlight sources of misunderstanding and potential conflicts that arise in the care of these patients.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Hospitalización , Prisioneros , Prisiones/organización & administración , Comunicación , Humanos , Relaciones Interprofesionales , North Carolina
7.
N C Med J ; 80(6): 356-362, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685571

RESUMEN

There has been a dramatic increase in the number of individuals incarcerated in the United States during the past several decades. Providing behavioral health care services to incarcerated people within North Carolina's prison system presents several challenges, and progress is being made to deliver care that is consistent with accepted community standards.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental/organización & administración , Prisiones/organización & administración , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/terapia , North Carolina , Prisioneros/psicología
8.
N C Med J ; 80(6): 357-358, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685572
10.
N C Med J ; 80(6): 372-375, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685577

RESUMEN

Emerging evidence suggests that negative health consequences of incarceration are felt not only by those who have experienced it but also by their families and individuals in their communities. This article reviews the evidence of health effects of incarceration in communities and family members.


Asunto(s)
Salud de la Familia/estadística & datos numéricos , Prisiones , Salud Pública/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos
11.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 37(10): 756-759, 2019 Oct 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726506

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the sleep quality of prison policemen and explore its influencing factors, so as to provide reference for improving the sleep quality of prison policemen. Methods: In August 2013, 177 policemen in a prison were selected by cluster sampling. The sleep quality of 177 prison policemen was investigated by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale and General Situation Questionnaire, and the influencing factors were analyzed. Results: The PSQI scores of 177 prison policemen were (7.47+3.80). There were significant differences between the PSQI scores of prison policemen and the normal adult norm (P<0.05). According to the standard of poor sleep quality, 84 prison policemen (47.46%) had poor sleep quality, and the prison policemen scored higher on daytime dysfunction, subjective sleep quality, sleeping time and sleeping time components. Single factor t test and single factor variance analysis showed that there were significant differences in sleep quality among prison policemen in gender, age, educational level and job classification (P <0.05). The results of multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that gender, age and job classification entered the regression equation with PSQI total score as dependent variable (ß=0.167, 0.270, 0.222) . Conclusion: The sleep quality of prison policemen is worse than that of normal adults, and is affected by gender, age, job classification and other factors, which should be paid attention to by prison administrators.


Asunto(s)
Salud Laboral , Policia , Sueño , Humanos , Prisiones , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 39(2,n.esp): 33-44, ago.-nov. 2019.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-1026416

RESUMEN

Este artigo tem como objetivo discutir problemas e desafios colocados à Psicologia por expressões da violência no Brasil, analisando suas implicações éticas na problematização de políticas de subjetivação atuantes nesses cenários. Para essa discussão sobre as expressões da violência, elegemos dois analisadores: os fenômenos do encarceramento em massa e dos homicídios de segmentos juvenis. Nos últimos anos, a Psicologia tem tomado cada vez mais o campo das violências como objeto de discussão, intervenção e produção científica. Isso se materializa fortemente pelas questões sociopolíticas do país, especialmente no que se refere às abordagens policiais, ao encarceramento em massa, ao aumento sistemático/ininterrupto dos homicídios de segmentos infantojuvenis negros, colocando em discussão políticas de aprisionamento e criminalização. Utilizaremos autores que refletem criticamente acerca da colonialidade, a exemplo de Mbembe, dialogando com produções da Psicologia Social que discutem violência. O texto se desenvolverá por meio de três seções. Na primeira, discutiremos a problemática das mortes juvenis e do encarceramento em massa como expressões de uma necropolítica à brasileira. Na segunda, problematizaremos a produção de vidas (in)vivíveis como um dos desafios éticos à Psicologia em contextos de violências. Por último, abordaremos o aceno ético necessário como caminho de construção de uma outra Psicologia....(AU)


This article aims to discuss problems and challenges posed to Psychology by expressions of violence in Brazil, analyzing their ethical implications in the problematization of subjectivation policies in these scenarios. For this discussion on the expressions of violence, we chose two analysts: the phenomena of mass incarceration and homicides of juvenile segments. In recent years, Psychology has increasingly taken the field of violence as an object of discussion, intervention and scientific production. This is strongly reflected in the country's sociopolitical issues, especially with regard to police approaches, mass incarceration, the systematic / uninterrupted increase in homicides of black child and youth segments, and the questioning of policies of imprisonment and criminalization. We will use authors who reflect critically on coloniality, such as Mbembe, dialoguing with productions of Social Psychology that discuss violence. The text will be developed through three sections. In the first one, we will discuss the problem of juvenile deaths and mass incarceration as expressions of a necropolicy in Brazil. In the second, we will problematize the production of (in) livable lives as one of the ethical challenges to Psychology in contexts of violence. Finally, we will approach the necessary ethical approach as a way of building another Psychology....(AU)


Este artículo tiene como objetivo discutir problemas y desafíos planteados a la Psicología por las expresiones de violencia en Brasil, analizando sus implicaciones éticas en la problematización de políticas de subjetivación actuantes en esos escenarios. Para esta discusión sobre las expresiones de la violencia, elegimos dos analizadores: los fenómenos del encarcelamiento masivo y de los homicidios de segmentos juveniles. En los últimos años, la Psicología ha tomado cada vez más el campo de la violencia como objeto de discusión, intervención y producción científica. Esto se materializa fuertemente por las cuestiones sociopolíticas del país, especialmente en lo que se refiere a los abordajes policiales, al encarcelamiento masivo, al aumento sistemático/ininterrumpido de homicidios de segmentos infantojuveniles negros, poniendo en discusión políticas de aprisionamiento y criminalización. Utilizaremos autores que reflexionen críticamente acerca de la colonialidad, a ejemplo de Mbembe, dialogando con producciones de la Psicología Social que discutan violencia. El texto se desarrollará por medio de tres secciones. En la primera, discutiremos la problemática de las muertes juveniles y del encarcelamiento en masa como expresiones de una necropolítica en Brasil. En la segunda, problematizaremos la producción de vidas (in) vivibles como uno de los desafíos éticos a la Psicología en contextos de violencias. Finalmente, abordaremos el asentimiento ético necesario como una forma de construir otra Psicología....(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adolescente , Prisiones , Psicología Social , Política Pública , Violencia , Brasil , Adolescente , Poblaciones Vulnerables , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Africana , Homicidio , Psicología , Seguridad , Conducta del Adolescente
18.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1142-1147, out.-dez. 2019.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1021943

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Compreender como a equipe de enfermagem percebe a assistência da saúde no Sistema Prisional. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, referenciada pela análise de conteúdo proposto por Laurence Bardin e foram entrevistados 03 enfermeiras e 08 técnicos de enfermagem, sendo 03 do sexo masculino, atuantes no Sistema Prisional da região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte/MG. Resultados: Demonstrou-se pela fala da equipe de enfermagem que o pensamento centrado no modelo médico-curativista ainda é presente, e que, existem fragilidades nos processos de organização administrativa. Conclusão: O estudo esclareceu que é importante que haja um processo de organização administrativa básica, para melhorar os recursos organizacionais, capacitar os profissionais, logo trazer condições de saúde dignas ao indivíduo privado de liberdade


Objective: The research's purpose has been to understand how the nursing team perceives health care in the Prison System. Methods: This is a qualitative study, referenced by the content analysis proposed by Laurence Bardin. The investigation includes 03 nurses and 08 nursing technicians, being 03 male, working in the Prison System of the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais State. Results: It was demonstrated by the speech of the nursing team that the thought centered on the medico-curativist model is still present and that there are weaknesses in the processes of administrative organization. Conclusions: The study clarified that it is important to exist a basic administrative organization process, to improve organizational resources, to empower professionals, and thus to bring dignified health conditions to the individual deprived of liberty


Objetivo: Comprender cómo el equipo de enfermería percibe la asistencia de la salud en el Sistema Penitenciario. Métodos: Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, referenciada por el análisis de contenido propuesto por Laurence Bardin y fueron entrevistados a tres enfermeras y 08 técnicos de enfermería, siendo 03 del sexo masculino, actuantes en el Sistema Prisional de la región Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte / MG. Resultados: Se demostró por el habla del equipo de enfermería que el pensamiento centrado en el modelo medico-curativista todavía está presente, y que, existen fragilidades en los procesos de organización administrativa. Conclusión: El estudio aclaró que es importante que haya un proceso de organización administrativa básica, para mejorar los recursos organizacionales, capacitar a los profesionales, luego traer condiciones de salud dignas al individuo privado de libertad


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Percepción/ética , Prisiones , Capacitación en Servicio , Grupo de Enfermería , Brasil , Promoción de la Salud
19.
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law ; 47(4): 476-485, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519733

RESUMEN

Prescribing for women in jails and prisons requires special consideration and should be informed by extant evidence. Incarcerated women have higher rates of mental illness than both females in the community and incarcerated men. Medication administration concerns that may disproportionately affect female prisoners include drug-drug interactions with contraceptives, intermittent dosing schedules, and concerns about metabolic side effects. Further, pregnancy, lactation, and menopause may all affect medication choices. Incarcerated women frequently have comorbid mental illness, substance use disorders, and personality disorders. Finally, specific disorders, such as posttraumatic stress disorder, are more common in this population and merit special consideration for recognition and treatment.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales , Prisioneros , Prisiones , Psiquiatría , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Embarazo , Estados Unidos
20.
Br J Nurs ; 28(17): 1105, 2019 Sep 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556726
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