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1.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 120-130, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755990

RESUMEN

The root of late-dental-age labial inversely impacted maxillary central incisors (LIIMCIs) typically develops to severe dilacerated morphology. Therefore, reliable posttreatment periodontal estimates of orthodontic treatment prognosis would be critical to the treatment value of impacted incisors. This study aims to analyze further changes in dimensions of the alveolar bone following the closed-eruption treatment of late-dental-age dilacerated LIIMCIs. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scanning data of 16 patients with unilateral dilacerated late-dental-age LIIMCIs were collected, including the pretreatment (T1) and at the 2.23 ± 0.78 years follow-up stage (T2) respectively. Patients underwent closed-eruption treatments to bring the impacted incisor into the dental arch. Dolphin imaging software was used to measure alveolar bone height labially, palatally, and proximally to the site at T1 and T2, as well as alveolar bone thicknesses at 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 mm below the initial measurement plane (IMP). The alveolar bone heights on the impacted and contralateral sides increased from T1 to T2 (p < 0.05). Alveolar bone growth on both sides had no significant difference. In T2, the mean values of labial and distal alveolar heights on the contralateral sides were greater than on the impacted sides (p < 0.05). The mean values of total alveolar bone thicknesses on the impacted sides in T1 were significantly smaller than those on the contralateral sides in IMP-0, 2, 4, 6, 8 (p < 0.05). The total thicknesses on the impacted sides in T2 increased and were significantly greater than on the contralateral sides (p < 0.05), except for the thickness in IMP-0. The closed-eruption treatment of dilacerated late-dental-age LIIMCIs results in no significant changes to alveolar bone height, except on the labial and distal sides, with increased alveolar bone thickness, suggesting that this approach may be viable first choice therapy for non-extraction orthodontic cases.


Asunto(s)
Proceso Alveolar , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Incisivo , Maxilar , Diente Impactado , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagen , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Proceso Alveolar/crecimiento & desarrollo , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico/métodos , Diente Impactado/terapia , Diente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagen , Femenino , Masculino , Niño , Preescolar
2.
Int J Oral Sci ; 16(1): 34, 2024 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719817

RESUMEN

Accurate segmentation of oral surgery-related tissues from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images can significantly accelerate treatment planning and improve surgical accuracy. In this paper, we propose a fully automated tissue segmentation system for dental implant surgery. Specifically, we propose an image preprocessing method based on data distribution histograms, which can adaptively process CBCT images with different parameters. Based on this, we use the bone segmentation network to obtain the segmentation results of alveolar bone, teeth, and maxillary sinus. We use the tooth and mandibular regions as the ROI regions of tooth segmentation and mandibular nerve tube segmentation to achieve the corresponding tasks. The tooth segmentation results can obtain the order information of the dentition. The corresponding experimental results show that our method can achieve higher segmentation accuracy and efficiency compared to existing methods. Its average Dice scores on the tooth, alveolar bone, maxillary sinus, and mandibular canal segmentation tasks were 96.5%, 95.4%, 93.6%, and 94.8%, respectively. These results demonstrate that it can accelerate the development of digital dentistry.


Asunto(s)
Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico/métodos , Humanos , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Procesamiento de Imagen Asistido por Computador/métodos , Inteligencia Artificial , Seno Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Seno Maxilar/cirugía , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagen , Mandíbula/cirugía , Diente/diagnóstico por imagen
3.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 103(2): 41-49, 2024.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741534

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the sthudy. To study the influence of general and local factors on the regenerative potential of bone tissue to optimize augmentation mechanisms in the treatment of jaw atrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The influence of general and local factors on the regenerative potential of the bone during the augmentation operation of the alveolar process (part) of the jaw in 68 patients was studied. The survival rate of dental implants and the incidence of complications after completion of dental rehabilitation in the long-term follow-up period (more than 5 years) were evaluated. 18 indicators were studied, which were evaluated by qualitative and quantitative methods. The study of the effect of indicators on regeneration was carried out using an accurate Fischer test for conjugacy tables. The assessment of the strength of the influence was calculated as the ratio of the chances of developing an unfavorable outcome of bone grafting and dental implantation. RESULTS: He highest chances of developing adverse outcomes were found in smoking patients with diabetes mellitus, high body mass index, low survival of bone walls, severe bone atrophy (5.6 and higher class according to Cawood & Howell), three-dimensional bone defect, in the absence of 3 or more bone walls, the presence of subcompensated and decompensated psychological state the patient. In the course of histological examination, the influence of these factors on the mechanisms of reparative osteogenesis morphologically manifested a lower degree of progress of regenerative processes and a lower degree of maturity of bone tissue. CONCLUSION: To reduce the chances of developing an unfavorable outcome, in the presence of negative general and local factors, it is not advisable to use dental implantation simultaneously with bone augmentation procedures. In order to reduce the pathophysiological impact of negative factors during sinus lifting, increase the proportion of autosteal material for potentiating the metabolic activity of bone tissue, as well as prescribe antioxidant, antihypoxant and membrane stabilizing therapy before surgery and in the early postoperative period.


Asunto(s)
Regeneración Ósea , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Trasplante Óseo , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/métodos , Implantes Dentales , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Proceso Alveolar/patología , Fumar/efectos adversos
4.
J Dent Res ; 103(6): 622-630, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715225

RESUMEN

microRNA-200a (miR-200a) targets multiple signaling pathways that are involved in osteogenic differentiation and bone development. However, its therapeutic function in osteogenesis and bone regeneration remains unknown. In this study, we use in vitro and in vivo models to investigate the molecular function of miR-200a overexpression and miR-200a inhibition using a plasmid-based miR inhibitor system (PMIS) on osteogenic differentiation and bone regeneration. Inhibition of miR-200a using PMIS-miR-200a significantly increased osteogenic biomarkers of human embryonic palatal mesenchyme cells and promoted bone regeneration in rat tooth socket defects. In rat maxillary M1 molar extractions, the supporting tooth structures were removed with an implant drill to yield a 3-mm defect in the alveolar bone. A collagen sponge was inserted into the open alveolar defect and PMIS-miR-200a plasmid DNA was added to the sponge and the wound sutured to protect the sponge and close the defect. It was important to remove the existing tooth supporting structure, which can influence alveolar bone regeneration. The alveolar bone was regenerated in 4 wk. The collagen sponge acts to stabilize and deliver the PMIS-miR-200a DNA to cells entering the sponge in the bone defect. We show that mesenchymal stem cells expressing CD90 and Stro-1 enter the sponges, take up the DNA, and express PMIS-miR-200a. PMIS-miR-200a initiates a bone regeneration program in transformed cells in vivo. In vitro inhibition of miR-200a was found to upregulate Wnt and BMP signaling activity as well as Runx2, OCN, Lef-1, Msx2, and Dlx5 associated with osteogenesis. Liver and blood toxicity testing of PMIS-miR-200a-treated rats showed no increase in several biomarkers of liver disease. These results demonstrate the therapeutic function of PMIS-miR-200a for rapid bone regeneration. Furthermore, the studies were designed to demonstrate the ease of use of PMIS-miR-200a in solution and applied using a syringe in the clinic through a simple one-time application.


Asunto(s)
Regeneración Ósea , MicroARNs , Osteogénesis , Alveolo Dental , Animales , Ratas , Humanos , Osteogénesis/fisiología , Alveolo Dental/cirugía , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Diferenciación Celular , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Masculino , Extracción Dental , Proceso Alveolar , Plásmidos , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/terapia , Colágeno
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 528, 2024 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702714

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in the absence of teeth the variability of the mylohyoid line (ML), the microarchitecture of the adjacent bone, and whether the variable prominence/width of the ML is associated with the quality of the adjacent bone. METHODS: µCT scans of 28 human mandibles from anatomical specimens were analyzed. The following parameters were assessed in four edentulous areas (first and second premolar (PM), first, second, and third molar (M1/2/3)): ML width, cortical thickness (CtTh), average cortical- (Avg.Ct.BV/TV), and trabecular bone volume fraction (Avg.Tb.BV/TV). RESULTS: The ML width increased from the PM towards the M2 region, which also showed the highest variance (range: 0.4-10.2 mm). The CtTh showed a decrease in the M3 region, while Avg.Ct.BV/TV and Avg.Tb.BV/TV hardly differed among the regions. In the multivariable model on the effect of the various parameters on the ML width, only gender and tooth region were significant. Specifically, male specimens were associated with a wider ML width compared to female specimens and the M2 region was associated with a wider ML width compared to the other tooth regions. CONCLUSION: The ML width was not associated with the cortical and trabecular bone quality in the adjacent bone, while gender and tooth region had a significant effect. Specifically, the ML width was lower in female, but peaked in the M2 region with a median width of 3-4 mm. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: From a clinical point of view, it was confirmed that the ML is in general a highly variable structure, especially in the M2 region, but the ML width does not allow any conclusions on the bone quality. Altogether, this underlines the need for an individual and accurate diagnostic prior to any surgical intervention.


Asunto(s)
Mandíbula , Microtomografía por Rayos X , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagen , Mandíbula/anatomía & histología , Anciano , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Proceso Alveolar/patología , Proceso Alveolar/anatomía & histología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Arcada Edéntula/diagnóstico por imagen , Arcada Edéntula/patología
6.
J Vis Exp ; (206)2024 Apr 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738893

RESUMEN

The mechanical property, microhardness, is evaluated in dental enamel, dentin, and bone in oral disease models, including dental fluorosis and periodontitis. Micro-CT (µCT) provides 3D imaging information (volume and mineral density) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) produces microstructure images (enamel prism and bone lacuna-canalicular). Complementarily to structural analysis by µCT and SEM, microhardness is one of the informative parameters to evaluate how structural changes alter mechanical properties. Despite being a useful parameter, studies on microhardness of alveolar bone in oral diseases are limited. To date, divergent microhardness measurement methods have been reported. Since microhardness values vary depending on the sample preparation (polishing and flat surface) and indentation sites, diverse protocols can cause discrepancies among studies. Standardization of the microhardness protocol is essential for consistent and accurate evaluation in oral disease models. In the present study, we demonstrate a standardized protocol for microhardness analysis in tooth and alveolar bone. Specimens used are as follows: for the dental fluorosis model, incisors were collected from mice treated with/without fluoride-containing water for 6 weeks; for ligature-induced periodontal bone resorption (L-PBR) model, alveolar bones with periodontal bone resorption were collected from mice ligated on the maxillary 2nd molar. At 2 weeks after the ligation, the maxilla was collected. Vickers hardness was analyzed in these specimens according to the standardized protocol. The protocol provides detailed materials and methods for resin embedding, serial polishing, and indentation sites for incisors and alveolar. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first standardized microhardness protocol to evaluate the mechanical properties of tooth and alveolar bone in rodent oral disease models.


Asunto(s)
Proceso Alveolar , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Microtomografía por Rayos X , Animales , Ratones , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Microtomografía por Rayos X/métodos , Fluorosis Dental/diagnóstico por imagen , Fluorosis Dental/patología , Dureza , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagen , Diente/diagnóstico por imagen
7.
J Dent ; 145: 104986, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574844

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This review was to offer a comprehensive analysis of currently available evidence on post-extraction alveolar socket healing, including i) the histological and molecular events during alveolar socket healing, ii) the dimensional ridge alterations after socket healing and controversies relating to sinus pneumatisation, iii) the patient-specific factors, procedural elements, and site-related variables influencing socket healing, iv) techniques and effectiveness of alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) procedure, and v) the philosophies and cost-effectiveness of ARP in clinical practice. SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: To investigate the dimensional profiles of the alveolar ridge following unassisted healing, an overview of systematic reviews was conducted in February 2024 by two independent reviewers. Four electronic databases were searched in Pubmed, Embase, Web of science and Cochrane Library between 2004 and 2024 to identify all relevant systematic reviews on post-extraction healing. A further manual search of reviews was also conducted. The articles were further reviewed in full text for relevance. The AMSTAR-2 appraisal tool was adopted to assess methodological quality. Current research pertaining to other listed objectives was objectively analysed in narration. DATA: 11 out of 459 retrieved studies were selected and ultimately covered in this review on the dimensional changes of alveolar ridge following natural healing: Seven systematic reviews and four systematic reviews with meta-analyses. The methodological quality of all included reviews was critically low. CONCLUSION: This review thoroughly examines the healing profiles of post-extraction alveolar sockets and highlights the dynamic process with overlapping phases and the inter-individual variability in outcomes. ARP procedure is a potential strategy for facilitating prosthetic site development, while the current evidence is limited. Herein, an individualised and prosthetically driven approach is crucial. Further well sized and designed trials with novel biomaterials need to be undertaken, and the role of artificial intelligence in predicting healing and assisting clinical decision-making could be explored. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: By advancing our understanding of alveolar socket healing and its management strategies, clinicians can make more informed decisions regarding patient and site level assessment and selection, surgical techniques, and biomaterial choices, ultimately contributing to the enhanced healing process with reduced complications and improved quality of life for patients undergoing tooth extraction and dental implant treatments.


Asunto(s)
Proceso Alveolar , Extracción Dental , Alveolo Dental , Cicatrización de Heridas , Humanos , Alveolo Dental/cirugía , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/métodos , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía
8.
J Oral Implantol ; 50(1): 9-17, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579116

RESUMEN

The goal of this clinical report was to present an alternative to traditional flat bone reduction guides, using a custom-designed 3-dimensional (3D)-printed guide according to the future gingival margin of the planned dentition. A 61-year-old woman with concerns regarding her smile appearance was presented. The initial examination revealed excessive gingival show accompanied by excessive overjet. The dentition was in a failing situation. The proposed treatment plan, relying on the sufficient amount of bone and keratinized tissue, consisted of recontouring of the alveolar ridge and gingiva and placement of 6 implants and an FP-1 prosthesis after extraction of all remaining maxillary teeth. Digital smile design was completed, and a fully digitally guided surgery was planned. This consisted of using 3 surgical guides, starting with the fixation pin guide, continuing with the scalloped hard- and soft-tissue reduction guide, and finally the implant placement template. Following the surgery, the patient received a temporary restoration, and on the 4-month follow-up, a new polymethyl meta-acrylate temporary prosthesis was delivered. The patient's 7-month follow-up is presented in the article. The report of this triple-template guided surgery indicated that digital 3D planning is a considerably predictable tool to properly establish and evaluate future occlusal plane, smile line, and lip support. Scalloped guides seem to be an excellent alternative to conventional bone reduction guides since they require less bone removal and improve patient comfort during surgery.


Asunto(s)
Implantación Dental Endoósea , Implantes Dentales , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Implantación Dental Endoósea/métodos , Proceso Alveolar , Encía/cirugía , Implantación de Prótesis , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado
9.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 33(1): 80-84, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583030

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of endoscopy-aided non-incisional periodontal regeneration technique (NIT) in the treatment of alveolar bone angular resorption. METHODS: Thirteen patients with severe periodontitis(13 diseased teeth) were selected. All patients had alveolar bone angular resorption on adjacent surface. The patients received NIT treatment 6 weeks after periodontal primary therapy. The visualization of subgingival environment was acquired by the periodontal endoscopy. Following the removal of the subgingival plaque, calculus and intra-bony granulation tissue, bone grafting materials were placed into the intra-bony defects with the assistance of a delicate gingival protector. No flap was elevated and no sutures were applied. Probing depth (PD), gingival recession (GR), clinical attachment level (CAL), as well as radiographic parameters were evaluated at baseline and 2 years after treatment. SPSS 22.0 software package was used for data analysis. RESULTS: At 2-years follow-up, an average CAL gain of (3.65±2.10) mm (P<0.001), PD reduction of (4.42±1.66) mm (P<0.001), and minimal increase in GR of (0.38±0.87) mm (P=0.25) were observed. Alveolar bone was significantly improved at 2-years follow-up on radiographs (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: For angular resorption site of alveolar bone, NIT treatment can obtain good periodontal regeneration results without flap inversion.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Recesión Gingival , Periodontitis , Humanos , Estudios de Seguimiento , Bolsa Periodontal/cirugía , Periodontitis/diagnóstico por imagen , Periodontitis/cirugía , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Recesión Gingival/cirugía , Endoscopía , Regeneración Tisular Guiada Periodontal/métodos , Pérdida de la Inserción Periodontal/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento , Regeneración Ósea
10.
J Bone Miner Res ; 39(5): 611-626, 2024 May 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477792

RESUMEN

The impaired bone healing in tooth extraction sockets due to periodontitis presents a major obstacle to restoring oral health. The mechanisms regulating the osteogenic capacity of jawbone-derived stromal cells in the periodontitis microenvironment remain elusive. Leptin receptor (LepR) expressing stromal cells, which largely overlap with Cxcl12-abundant reticular (CAR) cells in bone tissue, rapidly proliferate and differentiate into bone-forming cells during extraction socket healing to support alveolar bone repair. In this study, we identify that CCRL2 is significantly expressed and inhibits osteogenesis in LepR+/CAR cells of alveolar bones with periodontitis. The Ccrl2-KO mice exhibit significant improvements in bone healing in extraction sockets with periodontitis. Specifically, the binding of CCRL2 to SFRP1 on the surface of LepR+/CAR cells can amplify the suppressive effect of SFRP1 on Wnt signaling under inflammation, thus hindering the osteogenic differentiation of LepR+/CAR cells and resulting in poor bone healing in extraction sockets with periodontitis. Together, we clarify that the CCRL2 receptor of LepR+/CAR cells can respond to periodontitis and crosstalk with Wnt signaling to deteriorate extraction socket healing.


The impaired bone healing in tooth extraction sockets due to periodontitis presents a major obstacle to restoring oral health. Alterations in the cellular activity of LepR+/CAR cells, an essential stromal cell population for extraction socket healing, in the periodontitis microenvironment have yet to be determined. In this study, we identify that CCRL2, as a potent agent of inflammation-bone crosstalk, is significantly expressed and inhibits osteogenesis in LepR+/CAR cells of alveolar bones with periodontitis. Specifically, the binding of CCRL2 to SFRP1 on the surface of LepR+/CAR cells can amplify the suppressive effect of SFRP1 on the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling under inflammation, thus hindering the osteogenic differentiation of LepR+/CAR cells and resulting in poor bone healing in tooth extraction sockets with periodontitis.


Asunto(s)
Osteogénesis , Periodontitis , Receptores de Leptina , Vía de Señalización Wnt , Animales , Periodontitis/metabolismo , Periodontitis/patología , Receptores de Leptina/metabolismo , Receptores de Leptina/deficiencia , Receptores de Leptina/genética , Ratones , Ratones Noqueados , Células del Estroma/metabolismo , Células del Estroma/patología , Masculino , Humanos , Proceso Alveolar/patología , Proceso Alveolar/metabolismo , Cicatrización de Heridas , Proteínas de la Membrana/metabolismo
11.
J Endod ; 50(5): 590-595, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428806

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this observational study was to evaluate bone growth at the recipient site of autotransplanted teeth using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images and to compare it to the control tooth. METHODS: Bone growth was measured on CBCT images obtained from the anterior region of the maxilla, which received a single transplant of immature premolars due to early loss of the central incisor. The results were compared to the bone growth of contralateral central incisor that served as control. The sample consisted of 13 autotransplanted teeth and 13 control teeth. It was determined the thickness of the buccal bone of the marginal ridge, the thickness of the palatal bone of the marginal ridge, the height of the maxillary bone, and the thickness of the maxillary bone at its mid-height. The measurements were analyzed statistically, adopting a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: The mean interval between the dental autotransplantation surgery and the CBCT scan was 16.2 years. The mean thickness of the buccal bone of the marginal ridge, thickness of the palatal bone of the marginal ridge, height of the maxillary bone, and thickness of the maxillary bone at its mid-height were, respectively, 0.85, 0.94, 19.6, and 8.85 mm for autotransplanted teeth and 0.79, 1.09, 18.88, and 8.5 mm for control teeth. There were no significant differences in the bone measurements between autotransplanted and control teeth (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: The growth of maxillary bone in the region that received the autotransplanted tooth was proportional to that of maxillary bone that supports the contralateral tooth. Thus, autogenous transplantation is efficient in maintaining the bone architecture at the recipient site.


Asunto(s)
Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Trasplante Autólogo , Humanos , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico/métodos , Masculino , Femenino , Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Adolescente , Diente Premolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Diente Premolar/trasplante , Niño , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagen , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 210, 2024 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467945

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to assess clinically and radiographically the usage of autogenous tooth bone graft (ATBG) combined with and without Simvastatin (SMV) around immediately placed dental implants in periodontally compromised sites. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients required a single extraction of periodontally compromised tooth were divided into three groups (13 patients each). Group I received immediate implant placement (IIP) without grafting. Group II received IIP with ATBG filling the gap around IIP. Group III received SMV gel mixed with ATBG around IIP. Radiographic changes were reported at the baseline, 6-, and 12-months post-surgery. RESULTS: All implants achieved the success criteria with no complications. At 6- and 12-months post-surgery, group III showed a statistically lower mean ridge width loss compared to Group I and Group II (P < .001). Group II revealed less reduction in the mean alveolar ridge width compared to group I (P < .001). Group III showed a statistically significantly less MBL loss than group I and group II (P < .001). All groups showed a statistically significant increase in BD gain compared to baseline (P < .001). Group III showed statistically significant high BD compared to group II (P < .001). Group II showed statistically significantly higher mean BD gain than that of group I (P < .001). CONCLUSION: SMV combined with ATBG boosts the hard tissue parameters around dental implants over ATBG alone. Clinical trial registration was on August 1, 2021 (NCT04992416). CLINICAL RELEVANCE: ATBG with SMV in periodontally compromised sites could improve implant osseointegration and promote favorable changes in peri-implant tissues.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Humanos , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Oseointegración , Extracción Dental , Trasplante Óseo , Alveolo Dental/cirugía , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía , Estudios de Seguimiento
13.
Clin Adv Periodontics ; 14(1): 52-62, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450987

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) procedures are designed to lessen dimensional changes in the alveolar ridge after tooth extraction. Wound healing after ridge preservation involves the formation of new vital bone in the former socket, and this vital bone is important in the osseointegration of dental implants. METHODS: A series of ARP studies have been performed to help clinicians better understand the wound-healing events that occur following tooth extraction and ridge preservation. Different protocols have been examined using various materials and periods of healing time prior to implant placement. The primary aim of these studies was to ascertain the relative percentage of vital bone formation, residual graft material, and connective tissue (CT)/other at the healing site using histomorphometric examination of bone core biopsies obtained during osteotomy preparation. RESULTS: For allografts, the use of demineralized bone alone or in combination with mineralized is associated with more vital bone formation than the use of mineralized allograft alone. For mineralized allografts, the use of cortical versus cancellous bone has only minimal impact on new bone formation. Xenografts from bovine and porcine sources appear to have similar vital bone formation. Longer healing times prior to implant placement are associated with increased vital bone formation and decreased residual graft material. The most stable component in most studies is the percentage of CT/other. CONCLUSIONS: The percentage of vital bone and residual graft at ARP sites is dependent on the materials used and the length of healing time prior to obtaining core biopsies. KEY POINTS: What factors may affect the amount of new bone at the ARP site? At a time point about 4 months after ARP, the type of graft material used for ARP plays a large role in new bone formation. Studies focus on means and standard deviations, but patients often do not "follow the mean." Even if a single ARP protocol is used for all patients, there is great interindividual variability in new bone formation, and there is often variability between sites within a single patient. How long after ARP with an allograft should I wait to place an implant? Longer healing times such as 4-5 months generally provide higher amounts of vital bone formation than shorter healing times like 2-3 months. Differences in vital bone formation between ARP protocols tend to decrease with longer healing time. FDBA that contains demineralized bone, either alone or combined with mineralized FDBA, often provides higher amounts of new bone formation than 100% mineralized allograft, especially at shorter healing periods. Even a year after ARP with an allograft, residual graft material is often still present at the ARP site.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Alveolo Dental , Humanos , Animales , Bovinos , Porcinos , Alveolo Dental/cirugía , Alveolo Dental/patología , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/métodos , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Proceso Alveolar/patología , Cicatrización de Heridas , Preservación Biológica
14.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(4): 318-325, 2024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548588

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the survival rate, success rate, soft tissue conditions and marginal bone level changes of implants following micro crestal flap-alveolar ridge preservation at molar extraction sockets with severe periodontitis, compared to natural healing. Methods: From March 2015 to January 2017, patients scheduled for molar extraction as a consequence of severe periodontitis and planned implant-retained prostheses from Department of Periodontology Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were selected. A total of 40 molar extraction sockets from 40 patients received implant placement following micro crestal flap-alveolar ridge preservation or natural healing. The front consecutive 20 teeth were assigned to the natural healing group, and the back ones were assigned to the micro crestal flap-alveolar ridge preservation (MCF-ARP) group. The superstructures were placed 6 months later. Within 2 weeks (baseline) and 1, 2 and 3 years after implant crown restoration, modified plaque index, probing depth, modified bleeding index and keratinized tissue width were recorded every six months. Parallel periapical radiographs were taken to evaluate the peri-implant marginal bone level and to calculate marginal bone loss. Independent sample t test or Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the differences in the above clinical and imaging indicators between the two groups. Results: The implant survival rate and success rate of the two groups were both 100% (20/20). There were no significant differences in the modified plaque index, probing depth, modified bleeding index, buccal keratinized tissue width and marginal bone loss between two groups at 1, 2 and 3 years after implant crown restoration (all P>0.05). Marginal bone loss was 0.22 (0.14, 0.34) mm in the natural healing group and 0.21 (0.12, 0.30) mm in the MCF-ARP group at a 3-year post-loading evaluation. Conclusions: Within the limitations of the present study, implants placed at ridge preserved and naturally healed molar extraction sockets with severe periodontitis demonstrate comparable clinical outcomes at a 3-year post-loading evaluation.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Periodontitis , Humanos , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Alveolo Dental/cirugía , Periodontitis/cirugía , Diente Molar/cirugía , Extracción Dental/métodos , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/métodos
15.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 325, 2024 Mar 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468273

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Marginal alveolar bone loss is one of the key features of periodontitis and can be observed via panoramic radiographs. This study aimed to establish a cascading learning method with deep learning (DL) for precise radiographic bone loss (RBL) measurements at specific tooth positions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through the design of two tasks for tooth position recognition and tooth semantic segmentation using the SegFormer model, specific tooth's crown, intrabony portion, and suprabony portion of the roots were obtained. The RBL was subsequently measured by length through these three areas using the principal component analysis (PCA) principal axis. RESULTS: The average intersection over union (IoU) for the tooth position recognition task was 0.8906, with an F1-score of 0.9338. The average IoU for the tooth semantic segmentation task was 0.8465, with an F1-score of 0.9138. When the two tasks were combined, the average IoU was 0.7889, with an F1-score of 0.8674. The correlation coefficient between the RBL prediction results based on the PCA principal axis and the clinicians' measurements exceeded 0.85. Compared to those of the other two methods, the average precision of the predicted RBL was 0.7722, the average sensitivity was 0.7416, and the average F1-score was 0.7444. CONCLUSIONS: The method for predicting RBL using DL and PCA produced promising results, offering rapid and reliable auxiliary information for future periodontal disease diagnosis. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Precise RBL measurements are important for periodontal diagnosis. The proposed RBL-SF can measure RBL at specific tooth positions and assign the bone loss stage. The ability of the RBL-SF to measure RBL at specific tooth positions can guide clinicians to a certain extent in the accurate diagnosis of periodontitis.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Periodontitis , Diente , Humanos , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Proceso Alveolar , Periodontitis/diagnóstico por imagen , Corona del Diente
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(11): e37471, 2024 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489729

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Bone ring (BR) grafts have been introduced to reconstruct alveolar ridge defects with simultaneous implant placement, but its clinical effectiveness remains undetermined. This systematic review aimed to comprehensively investigate BR grafts in diverse scenarios of ridge defect with simultaneous or staged implant placement. METHODS: Electronic retrieval of MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library(CENTRAL), Web of Science, Scopus, and citation search until August 3, 2023, was used to identify relevant clinical articles that utilized BR grafts for ridge defect reconstruction. The quality of evidence in the studies reviewed was assessed with the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tool. The protocol was registered in Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42023453943). RESULTS: Fourteen studies with 251 BRs were identified, of which 8 studies were for alveolar ridge augmentation, 4 studies were for extraction socket augmentation, and 2 studies were for sinus floor elevation. Reported sources of BRs included autografts, allografts, and xenografts. The follow-up period ranged from 4 months to 4.7 years. Regarding the primary outcomes, the utilization of BR grafts demonstrated favorable bone gain along with acceptable graft absorption and marginal bone loss. Regarding the secondary outcomes, satisfactory bone mineral density and implant stability were confirmed, accompanied by a recorded incidence of postoperative complications (20 cases) and an implant failure rate of 5.58%. CONCLUSIONS: BR grafting with simultaneous or staged implant insertion is an effective approach for reconstructing alveolar ridge deficiencies. The BR grafts demonstrate favorable bone remodeling and osteointegration with the alveolar bone and implant; however, its success may be compromised by complications. Future studies should further investigate the clinical efficacy of BR grafting comparing to other bone augmentation techniques in diverse scenarios.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Elevación del Piso del Seno Maxilar , Humanos , Elevación del Piso del Seno Maxilar/métodos , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/métodos , Trasplante Óseo/métodos , Implantación Dental Endoósea
17.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(2): 107-113, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514406

RESUMEN

AIM: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of autogenous onlay and inlay grafts for anterior maxillary horizontal ridge augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed on 14 patients with a deficient partially edentulous anterior maxillary ridge (3-5 mm in width). Patients were randomized and grouped into two equal groups: Group A was treated with symphyseal autogenous bone block, which was placed and fixed buccally as an onlay graft, and group B: was treated with symphyseal autogenous bone block, which was interpositioned and fixed in space created between buccal and lingual cortex as inlay graft. Patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically to evaluate the increase of bone width at [Baseline, immediate postoperative (T0)] and six months post-graft (T6). RESULTS: A total of 14 patients (8 males and 6 females) with age range from 20 to 43 years old with a mean of 42.1 years were involved in our study. Radiographically, there was a significant statistical difference in comparing between two groups for the creation of a horizontal alveolar bone at T0. In the inlay group, the mean preoperative bone width was 3.9 ± 0.3 mm at T0 and 5.7 ± 0.5 mm at T6. While in the onlay group, the mean preoperative bone width was 3.7 ± 0.7 mm at T0 while at T6 the mean bone width was 6.1 ± 0.8 mm. This was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Inlay block graft appears to be a successful treatment option for horizontal ridge augmentation in the maxillary arch. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: both techniques are viable techniques for augmentation of atrophic alveolar ridge with uneventful healing. How to cite this article: Elsayed AO, Abdel-Rahman FH, Ahmed WMAS, et al. Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Autogenous Inlay Graft vs Autogenous Onlay Graft for Anterior Maxillary Horizontal Ridge Augmentation: A Randomized Control Clinical Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(2):107-113.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Incrustaciones , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Trasplante Óseo/métodos , Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar/métodos , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Cicatrización de Heridas , Maxilar/cirugía , Implantación Dental Endoósea
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6871, 2024 03 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519552

RESUMEN

Previous findings indicated that the laser photobiomodulation is more effective than the control or placebo in preserving the alveolar socket. This study aimed to compare two different lasers regarding their effectiveness in aiding alveolar socket preservation. Twenty extraction sockets were selected then divided into two equal groups. Group A was exposed to 650 nm Diode laser, and Group B to 810 nm Diode laser following the same protocol and parameters after a standard alveolar socket preservation procedure with collagen plug. Radiographic analysis with cone beam computed tomography was done to compare the alveolar bone surface area immediately after extraction and three months post-operatively, while bone samples collected before implant drilling were histologically examined for newly formed bone evaluation and histomorphometric analysis in terms of percentage of new bone surface area, percentage of unmineralized bone and finally, immunohistochemical analysis of Osteocalcin reaction surface area as well as optical density. Radiographically, infrared (810 nm) Diode effect on alveolar bone surface area has significantly exceeded the red laser, while histologically, red (650 nm) Diode has demonstrated statistical significance regarding all parameters; newly formed bone surface area percentage, unmineralized bone area percentage and finally Osteocalcin bone marker reaction surface area percentage and optical density. Under the specified conditions and laser parameters, photobiomodulation using the 810 nm Diode got the upper hand radiographically, yet histologically, the red 650 nm Diode managed to dominate all histological parameters when both employed as an adjunct to alveolar socket preservation procedures.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Terapia por Luz de Baja Intensidad , Humanos , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Proceso Alveolar/patología , Alveolo Dental/diagnóstico por imagen , Alveolo Dental/cirugía , Alveolo Dental/patología , Láseres de Semiconductores/uso terapéutico , Osteocalcina , Extracción Dental/métodos , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/patología
19.
J Dent ; 144: 104935, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499282

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The recently introduced Implant Disease Risk Assessment (IDRA) identifies a restoration margin-alveolar bone crest (RM-AC) distance of less than 1.5 mm as a key risk factor for peri­implant disease among eight major risk factors. This study evaluated the impact of the RM-AC distance on marginal bone loss (MBL) through radiographic analysis. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 77 partially edentulous patients (39 females and 38 males, aged 22 to 76 years) with 202 platform-switched conical connection implants, cement-retained, implant-supported fixed restorations, and bone-level implants placed between 2016 and 2021. Dental implants were followed for least 6 to 36 months at follow up functional loading. Study participants were categorized into Group A (RM-AC distance ≤ 1.5 mm, n = 69) and Group B (RM-AC distance > 1.5 mm, n = 133). Twelve patients in Group B and five patients in Group A had no history of periodontal disease. The MBL was measured radiographically from the most coronal point of the implant shoulder to the alveolar bone, and the RM-AC distance was measured from the restoration margin to the alveolar crest. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used for statistical evaluation. RESULTS: The incidence of MBL in Group A was statistically significant and 3.42 times higher than that in Group B. The rate of MBL in periodontitis Stage 4 was found to be 26.31 times higher than that in periodontitis Stage 2. The incidence of MBL was 6.097 and 5.02 times higher with increasing implant diameter and length, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study conclusively demonstrates that RM-AC distance ≤ 1.5 significantly increases the risk of MBL, particularly in patients with a history of periodontal disease. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study highlights the critical role of maintaining an RM-AC distance greater than 1.5 mm in the prevention of MBL, particularly in patients with a history of periodontal disease. Since implant diameter and length have a significant impact on the risk of MBL, it emphasizes that implant demographics should also be carefully evaluated.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Proceso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/etiología , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/efectos adversos , Arcada Parcialmente Edéntula/diagnóstico por imagen , Adulto Joven , Implantación Dental Endoósea/efectos adversos , Factores de Riesgo
20.
J Prosthet Dent ; 131(5): 903.e1-903.e8, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418302

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Previous studies have examined the maxillary esthetic zone for immediate implant placement, but these studies had small sample sizes and did not investigate multiple parameters. PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to use cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to evaluate the sagittal root position (SRP), alveolar bone concavity, labial bone perforation (LBP), and tooth-ridge angle in the maxillary anterior teeth region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 352 CBCT images of patients (180 men and 172 women) who visited the dental hospital between 2018 and 2023 were analyzed. The sample included 2112 anterior maxillary teeth. SRP, alveolar bone concavity, tooth ridge angle, and LBP were assessed using virtual implant simulation. The data were analyzed by using chi-squared and kappa tests to analyze distributions and agreement, respectively, dependent and independent t-tests to assess sex and tooth-specific differences, and the Spearman correlation test to explore potential correlations (α<.05). RESULTS: The CBCT images revealed that the majority of SRP were in Class I (85.4%), with smaller percentages in Class II (12.5%) and Class IV (2.3%); Class III was the least common (1%). The canine exhibited the most significant alveolar bone concavity angle average (149.14 ±6.35 degrees), followed by the lateral incisor (142.32 ±8.7 degrees). The canines had the highest occurrence of LBP (63.1%) (P<.01). Women had a higher frequency of labial bone perforation and deeper alveolar bone concavities than men (P<.01). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study indicate that careful assessment and planning are necessary for immediate implant placement in the maxillary anterior region. The significant occurrence of LBP highlights the importance of thorough planning and evaluation to avoid surgical mishaps and complications which may necessitate bone grafting and result in added costs and time. Special attention should be given to women and the canine area.


Asunto(s)
Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Estética Dental , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental , Maxilar , Humanos , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico/métodos , Femenino , Masculino , Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Estudios Transversales , Carga Inmediata del Implante Dental/métodos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proceso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Anciano , Adulto Joven , Adolescente , Raíz del Diente/diagnóstico por imagen
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