Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 48.329
Filtrar
2.
Acta Derm Venereol ; 104: adv12430, 2024 Feb 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323497

RESUMEN

There are regional differences in the prevalence of psoriasis between countries, as well as within countries. However, regional determinants of differences in prevalence are not yet understood. The aim of this study was to identify sociodemographic and environmental determinants of regional prevalence rates for psoriasis. Analyses were based on German outpatient billing data from statutory health insurance, together with data from databases on sociodemographic and environment factors at the county level (N = 402) for 2015-2017. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all variables. To identify determinants for prevalence at the county level, spatiotemporal regression analysis was performed, with prevalence as the dependent variable, and the number of physicians, mean age, mean precipitation, sunshine hours, mean temperature, level of urbanity, and the German Index of Socioeconomic Deprivation (GISD) as independent variables. Mean prevalence of psoriasis increased from 168.63 per 10,000 in 2015 to 173.54 per 10,000 in 2017 for Germany as a whole, with high regional variation. Five determinants were detected (p < 0.05). The prevalence increased by 4.18 per 10,000 persons with SHI with each GISD unit, and by 3.76 per 10,000 with each year increase in age. Each additional hour of sunshine resulted in a decrease of 0.04 and each °C increase in mean temperature resulted in an increase of 4.22. Each additional dermatologist per 10,000 inhabitants resulted in a decrease of 0.07. In conclusion, sociodemographic and environmental factors result in significant differences in prevalence of psoriasis, even within-country.


Asunto(s)
Programas Nacionales de Salud , Psoriasis , Humanos , Prevalencia , Alemania/epidemiología , Bases de Datos Factuales
3.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0295336, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324546

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: During the COVID-19 pandemic in France, abortion was recognized as an essential service that cannot be delayed, and such care was therefore presumed to be maintained. The aim is to analyze the changes in the practice of abortion in 2020 to identify the consequences of the two lockdowns and the effects of the extension of the legal time limit. METHODS: We analyzed the data collected by the French national health insurance system, which covers 99% of the population. All women who had an elective abortion, either surgical or with medication, in France in 2019 and 2020 were included in the study. Trend changes in abortions were analyzed by comparing the ratio of the weekly number of abortions in 2020 with the weekly number in 2019. RESULTS: Both 2020 lockdowns were followed by a drop in abortions, particularly after the first and stricter lockdown. This may be explained not by an abrupt shutdown of access to abortion services, but rather by a decrease in conceptions during the lockdown weeks. The decrease was more marked for surgical abortions than for medication abortions in a hospital setting, and less so for medication abortions in non-hospital settings. Moreover, the proportion of the latter type of abortions continued to increase, showing the reinforcement of a previous trend. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that expanding the legal time limit for abortion, diversifying the settings where abortions can be performed and the range of abortion providers help to facilitate access to this fundamental reproductive care.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Inducido , COVID-19 , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiología , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Francia/epidemiología , Aborto Legal
4.
Epidemiol Health ; 46: e2024001, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38186245

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The escalating burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a critical public health issue worldwide. CVD, especially acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke, is the leading contributor to morbidity and mortality in Korea. We aimed to develop algorithms for identifying AMI and stroke events from the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) database and validate these algorithms through medical record review. METHODS: We first established a concept and definition of "hospitalization episode," taking into account the unique features of health claims-based NHIS database. We then developed first and recurrent event identification algorithms, separately for AMI and stroke, to determine whether each hospitalization episode represents a true incident case of AMI or stroke. Finally, we assessed our algorithms' accuracy by calculating their positive predictive values (PPVs) based on medical records of algorithm- identified events. RESULTS: We developed identification algorithms for both AMI and stroke. To validate them, we conducted retrospective review of medical records for 3,140 algorithm-identified events (1,399 AMI and 1,741 stroke events) across 24 hospitals throughout Korea. The overall PPVs for the first and recurrent AMI events were around 92% and 78%, respectively, while those for the first and recurrent stroke events were around 88% and 81%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully developed algorithms for identifying AMI and stroke events. The algorithms demonstrated high accuracy, with PPVs of approximately 90% for first events and 80% for recurrent events. These findings indicate that our algorithms hold promise as an instrumental tool for the consistent and reliable production of national CVD statistics in Korea.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Infarto del Miocardio/epidemiología , Accidente Cerebrovascular/epidemiología , Hospitalización , Programas Nacionales de Salud , República de Corea/epidemiología
5.
Sex Health ; 21(1): NULL, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38194997

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In Australia, 17% of women and 6% of men have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). Although most IPV research has focused on heterosexual partnerships, studies suggest that men who have sex with men (MSM) may experience IPV at similar or higher rates than those documented among women. IPV may also take different forms among MSM and have different health and social impacts. This study aims to assess the utility of a screening tool for identifying and responding to IPV among MSM attending a sexual health clinic in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: Between 1 June 2020 and 30 June 2022, MSM clients were screened using standardised questions to identify IPV experienced within the preceding 12months. Answers to the screening questions were correlated with data collected routinely at the initial clinic visit, including age, employment, country of birth, drug and alcohol use, sexual partner numbers, and any history of sex work, pre-exposure prophylaxis use and HIV status, as well as any bacterial STI diagnosed at the initial visit. RESULTS: There were 2410 eligible clients and of these, 2167 (89.9%) were screened during the study period. A total of 64 men (3.0%) (95% CI 2.3-3.8%) reported experiencing physical violence or intimidation in the past 12months. Controlling for age, men who were born in Australia were 2.03 (95% CI: 1.04-3.01) times more likely to report IPV, and men who had Medicare were 2.43 (95% CI: 0.95-3.90) times more likely to report IPV than those who did not. Those who had ever injected drugs were 5.8 (95% CI: 1.87-9.73) times more likely to report IPV, and men with sexualised drug use were 4.11 (95% CI: 2.03-6.19) times more likely. Those that were employed or studying were 72% (95%CI: 0.13-0.42) less likely to report IPV. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of reported IPV in our study was lower than that reported by others, which may be due to differences in recruitment methods and questions asked. Associations between IPV in MSM and injecting drug use and sexualised drug use highlight that clinicians should be aware of the impact and potential for IPV particularly in those with risk factors.


Asunto(s)
Violencia de Pareja , Salud Sexual , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , Anciano , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Homosexualidad Masculina , Autoinforme , Australia/epidemiología , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Parejas Sexuales , Factores de Riesgo , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Prevalencia
6.
J Prev Med Public Health ; 57(1): 91-94, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38228135

RESUMEN

For nearly four decades, Ugandans have experienced a period marked by hope, conflict, and resilience across various aspects of healthcare reform. The health insurance system in Uganda lacks a legal framework and does not extend benefits to the entire population. In Uganda, community-based health insurance is common among those in the informal sector, while private medical insurance is typically provided to employees by their workplaces and agencies. The National Health Insurance Scheme Bill, introduced in 2019, was passed in 2021. If the President of Uganda gives his assent to the National Health Insurance Bill, it will become a significant policy driving health and universal health coverage. However, this bill is not without its shortcomings. In this perspective, we aim to explore the complex interplay of challenges and opportunities facing Uganda's health sector.


Asunto(s)
Reforma de la Atención de Salud , Seguro de Salud , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Uganda , Cobertura Universal del Seguro de Salud
7.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 51(1): 7-13, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38247084

RESUMEN

Cancer genomic medicine in Japan began in earnest with the implementation of gene panel testing covered by national health insurance in June 2019. However, the information obtained from this testing is limited to less than 0.1% of the entire genome. To enhance the effectiveness of therapy, understand the intricate biology of cancer, and develop new therapeutic drugs, it has become essential to promote the analysis of the whole genome. In Japan, the Action Plan for Whole Genome Analysis(Version 1)was released in December 2019. In 2021, AMED project"the full-scale operation of cancer whole genome analysis"was launched. The Action Plan for Whole Genome Analysis 2022 set a goal to return the information promptly to patients and citizens. Project Implementation Preparation Office was organized in April 2023 for acceleration of the system development for the clinical whole genome analysis. This paper introduces the current efforts and discuss the future perspectives of cancer genome medicine in Japan.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Genómica , Neoplasias , Humanos , Japón , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/terapia
8.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 310: 805-809, 2024 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38269920

RESUMEN

Identifying potentially fraudulent or wasteful medical insurance claims can be difficult due to the large amounts of data and human effort involved. We applied unsupervised machine learning to construct interpretable models which rank variations in medical provider claiming behaviour in the domain of unilateral joint replacement surgery, using data from the Australian Medicare Benefits Schedule. For each of three surgical procedures reference models of claims for each procedure were constructed and compared analytically to models of individual provider claims. Providers were ranked using a score based on fees for typical claims made in addition to those in the reference model. Evaluation of the results indicated that the top-ranked providers were likely to be unusual in their claiming patterns, with typical claims from outlying providers adding up to 192% to the cost of a procedure. The method is efficient, generalizable to other procedures and, being interpretable, integrates well into existing workflows.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Anciano , Humanos , Australia , Honorarios y Precios , Aprendizaje Automático no Supervisado
10.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e078762, 2024 01 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199624

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: As life expectancy increases, older people are living longer with multimorbidity (MM, co-occurrence of ≥2 chronic health conditions) and complex multimorbidity (CMM, ≥3 chronic conditions affecting ≥3 different body systems). We assessed the impacts of MM and CMM on healthcare service use in Australia, as little was known about this. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional data linkage study. SETTING: New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 248 496 people aged ≥45 years who completed the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study baseline questionnaire. PRIMARY OUTCOME: High average annual healthcare service use (≥2 hospital admissions, ≥11 general practice visits and ≥2 emergency department (ED) visits) during the 3-year baseline period (year before, year of and year after recruitment). METHODS: Baseline questionnaire data were linked with hospital, Medicare claims and ED datasets. Poisson regression models were used to estimate adjusted and unadjusted prevalence ratios for high service use with 95% CIs. Using a count of chronic conditions (disease count) as an alternative morbidity metric was requested during peer review. RESULTS: Prevalence of MM and CMM was 43.8% and 15.5%, respectively, and prevalence increased with age. Across three healthcare settings, MM was associated with a 2.02-fold to 2.26-fold, and CMM was associated with a 1.83-fold to 2.08-fold, increased risk of high service use. The association was higher in the youngest group (45-59 years) versus the oldest group (≥75 years), which was confirmed when disease count was used as the morbidity metric in sensitivity analysis.When comparing impact using three categories with no overlap (no MM/CMM, MM with no CMM, and CMM), CMM had greater impact than MM across all settings. CONCLUSION: Increased healthcare service use among older adults with MM and CMM impacts on the demand for primary care and hospital services. Which of MM or CMM has greater impact on risk of high healthcare service use depends on the analytic method used. Ageing populations living longer with increasing burdens of MM and CMM will require increased Medicare funding and provision of integrated care across the healthcare system to meet their complex needs.


Asunto(s)
Multimorbilidad , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Anciano , Humanos , Australia/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Atención a la Salud , Enfermedad Crónica , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud
11.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e074624, 2024 01 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38184309

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Timely access to primary care and supporting specialist care relative to need is essential for health equity. However, use of services can vary according to an individual's socioeconomic circumstances or where they live. This study aimed to quantify individual socioeconomic variation in general practitioner (GP) and specialist use in New South Wales (NSW), accounting for area-level variation in use. DESIGN: Outcomes were GP use and quality-of-care and specialist use. Multilevel logistic regression was used to estimate: (1) median ORs (MORs) to quantify small area variation in outcomes, which gives the median increased risk of moving to an area of higher risk of an outcome, and (2) ORs to quantify associations between outcomes and individual education level, our main exposure variable. Analyses were adjusted for individual sociodemographic and health characteristics and performed separately by remoteness categories. SETTING: Baseline data (2006-2009) from the 45 and Up Study, NSW, Australia, linked to Medicare Benefits Schedule and death data (to December 2012). PARTICIPANTS: 267 153 adults aged 45 years and older. RESULTS: GP (MOR=1.32-1.35) and specialist use (1.16-1.18) varied between areas, accounting for individual characteristics. For a given level of need and accounting for area variation, low education-level individuals were more likely to be frequent users of GP services (no school certificate vs university, OR=1.63-1.91, depending on remoteness category) and have continuity of care (OR=1.14-1.24), but were less likely to see a specialist (OR=0.85-0.95). CONCLUSION: GP and specialist use varied across small areas in NSW, independent of individual characteristics. Use of GP care was equitable, but specialist care was not. Failure to address inequitable specialist use may undermine equity gains within the primary care system. Policies should also focus on local variation.


Asunto(s)
Médicos Generales , Web Semántica , Adulto , Anciano , Humanos , Análisis Multinivel , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Australia , Escolaridad
12.
Aust Health Rev ; 48(1): 34-36, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38245912

RESUMEN

In 2022, the Australian Federal Minister for Health and Aged Care commissioned the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) Review Advisory Committee (MRAC) to conduct a post-implementation review of MBS telehealth services, including settings of video and telephone consultations. The MRAC has made a series of administrative recommendations for telehealth practice that appear at cross-purposes to the evidence-base on medical consultations and that would limit patient access to medical specialist assessment in Australia. These recommendations particularly underestimate the role of telehealth in rural and remote Australia and did not take into account high patient satisfaction with telehealth assessment and treatment during the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. They also appear to contradict the Medical Board of Australia's guidance on telehealth. On this basis, the recommendations for telehealth principles and abolition of reimbursement for telehealth for all initial non-general practitioner medical specialist consultations should be withdrawn.


Asunto(s)
Comités Consultivos , Telemedicina , Humanos , Anciano , Australia , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Derivación y Consulta , Pandemias
14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 31(1): 58-65, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37833463

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Comparative studies evaluating quality of care in different healthcare systems can guide reform initiatives. This study seeks to characterize best practices by comparing utilization and outcomes for patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) in the USA and Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Patients (age ≥ 66 years) with PC were identified from the Ontario Cancer Registry and SEER-Medicare databases from 2006 to 2015. Demographics and treatment (surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or multimodality (surgery and chemotherapy)) were described. In resected patients, neoadjuvant therapy, readmission, and 30- and 90-day postoperative mortality rates were calculated. Survival was assessed using Kaplan-Meier curves. RESULTS: This study includes 38,858 and 11,512 patients with PC from the USA and Ontario, respectively. More female patients were identified in the USA (54.0%) versus Ontario (46.9%). In the entire cohort, US patients received more radiation in addition to other therapies (18.8% vs. 13.5% Ontario) and chemotherapy alone (34.3% vs. 19.0% Ontario). While rates of resection were similar (13.4% USA vs.12.5% Ontario), multimodality therapy was more common in the UAS (9.0% vs. 6.4%). Among resected patients, neoadjuvant chemotherapy was uncommon in both groups, although more frequent in the USA (12.0% vs. 3.2% Ontario). The 30- and 90-day postoperative mortality rates were lower in Ontario vs. the USA (30-day: 3.26% vs. 4.91%; 90-day: 7.08% vs. 10.96%), however, overall survival was similar between the USA and Ontario. CONCLUSIONS: We observed substantive differences in treatment and outcomes between PC patients in the USA and Ontario, which may reflect known differences in healthcare systems. Close evaluation of healthcare policies can inform initiatives to improve care quality.


Asunto(s)
Programas Nacionales de Salud , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano , Ontario/epidemiología , Terapia Combinada , Sistema de Registros , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadyuvante , Estudios Retrospectivos
15.
Soc Sci Med ; 341: 116514, 2024 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142607

RESUMEN

Ghana's national health insurance scheme (NHIS) is considered a major step towards achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in the country. However, over the years the scheme has faced challenges, including subscription non-renewal, that threaten its sustenance. In this study, we estimate and analyse the nature of economic inequalities in NHIS subscription renewal and determine factors that contribute to the observed inequality. Data from the seventh round of the Ghana Living Standard Survey (GLSS) was used for the study. A sample of 40,170 ever insured individuals was included in the analysis comprising 18,066 males and 22,104 females. We computed concentration indices (CIs) and used linear regression techniques to decompose the CIs. The results show that NHIS renewal is pro-rich [CI = 0.126; P < 0.01] and favored males [CI = 0.110; P < 0.01] and urban dwellers [CI = 0.066; p < 0.01]. Major contributors to the observed inequality in subscription renewal include premium and processing fees payment, access to information, and economic wellbeing. The observed rural-urban and male-female differences in subscription renewal were explained by differences in premium and processing fee payments, education outcomes, employment status and access to information. The findings suggest that interventions that reduce cost barriers to NHIS subscription for the poor, improve physical access to healthcare and improve sensitization efforts should be encouraged.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Seguro de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Ghana , Factores Socioeconómicos , Programas Nacionales de Salud
16.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 117: 105210, 2024 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37812974

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To examine utilisation of primary health care services (subsidised by the Australian Government, Medicare Benefits Schedule, MBS) before and after entry into long-term care (LTC) in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of older people (aged ≥65 years) who entered LTC in Australia between 2012 and 2016 using the Historical Cohort of the Registry of Senior Australians. MBS-subsidised general attendances (general practitioner (GP), medical and nurse practitioners), health assessment and management plans, allied health, mental health services and selected specialist attendances accessed in 91-day periods 12 months before and after LTC entry were examined. Adjusted relative changes in utilisation 0-3 months before and after LTC entry were estimated using risk ratios (RR) calculated using Generalised Estimating Equation Poisson models. RESULTS: 235,217 residents were included in the study with a median age of 84 years (interquartile range 79-89) and 61.1% female. In the first 3 months following LTC entry, GP / medical practitioner attendances increased from 86.6% to 95.6% (aRR 1.10 95%CI 1.10-1.11), GP / medical practitioner urgent after hours (from 12.3% to 21.1%; aRR 1.72, 95%CI 1.70-1.74) and after-hours attendances (from 18.5% to 33.8%; aRR 1.83, 95%CI 1.81-1.84) increased almost two-fold. Pain, palliative and geriatric specialist medicine attendances were low in the 3 months prior (<3%) and decreased further following LTC admission. CONCLUSION: There is an opportunity to improve the utilisation of primary health care services following LTC entry to ensure that residents' increasingly complex care needs are adequately met.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Anciano , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Masculino , Australia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Atención Primaria de Salud
17.
Copenhagen; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; 2024. (WHO/EURO:2024-9329-49101-73236).
en Inglés | WHO IRIS | ID: who-376047

RESUMEN

The World Health Organization’s Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS), Ukraine 2024–2030 – also known within Ukraine as the Ukraine Programme of Work – charts a course to a healthier future for Ukraine. It aligns with Ukraine’s health priorities, fosters resilience and, through partnership, aims to make a measurable difference. At its foundation, the CCS holds a people-centred, human rights approach to health care, and is guided by innovation, quality data and adaptability.


Asunto(s)
Prioridades en Salud , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Planificación Estratégica , Organización Mundial de la Salud , Cooperación Internacional , Ucrania
18.
Копенгаген; Всесвітня організація охорони здоров’я. Європейське регіональне бюро; 2024. (WHO/EURO:2024-8219-47987-71053 (PDF)).
en Ucraniano | WHO IRIS | ID: who-375811

RESUMEN

Набір інструментів ініціативи ВООЗ QualityRights забезпечує країни практичною інформацією та інструментами щодо оцінювання та покращення якості послуг і дотримання прав людини в закладах охорони психічного здо-ров’я та соціального забезпечення.Набір інструментів ґрунтується на Конвенції ООН про права осіб з інвалідністю. Він містить настанови щодо: 1) прав людини та стандартів якості, яких слід дотримуватися та які слід захищати й виконувати як у стаціонарних, так і в амбулаторних закладах охорони психічного здоров’я та соціального забезпечення; 2) підготовки до комп-лексного оцінювання закладів і його проведення; та 3) звітування про результати оцінювання і надання відповід-них рекомендацій на основі проведеного оцінювання.Набір інструментів розроблений для використання у країнах із низьким, середнім і високим рівнями доходу. Ним можуть користуватися багато різних зацікавлених сторін, у тому числі комітети, створені для проведення оціню-вання, неурядові організації, національні правозахисні організації, національні комісії з питань охорони здоров’я чи психічного здоров’я, органи акредитації закладів охорони здоров’я і національні механізми, створені відпо-відно до міжнародних договорів із метою здійснення моніторингу за впровадженням стандартів прав людини, а також інші організації та особи, зацікавлені у промоції прав осіб з інвалідністю.Набір інструментів ініціативи ВООЗ QualityRights — це надзвичайно важливий ресурс, спрямований не лише на те, щоб припинити випадки недбалості та насильства, які були в минулому, а й на забезпечення надання послуг високої якості в майбутньому.Звіт про проведене оцінювання на рівні країни було розроблено, щоб допомогти команді з проведення оціню-вання з документуванням результатів оцінювання послуг у сфері психічного здоров’я у країні.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Servicios de Salud Mental , Derechos Humanos , Calidad de la Atención de Salud , Programas Nacionales de Salud
19.
Копенгаген; Всесвітня організація охорони здоров’я. Європейське регіональне бюро; 2024. (WHO/EURO:2024-8218-47986-71050 (PDF)).
en Ucraniano | WHO IRIS | ID: who-375810

RESUMEN

Набір інструментів ініціативи ВООЗ QualityRights забезпечує країни практичною інформацією та інструментами щодо оцінювання та покращення якості послуг і дотримання прав людини в закладах охорони психічного здо-ров’я та соціального забезпечення.Набір інструментів ґрунтується на Конвенції ООН про права осіб з інвалідністю. Він містить настанови щодо: 1) прав людини та стандартів якості, яких слід дотримуватися та які слід захищати й виконувати як у стаціонарних, так і в амбулаторних закладах охорони психічного здоров’я та соціального забезпечення; 2) підготовки до комп-лексного оцінювання закладів і його проведення; та 3) звітування про результати оцінювання і надання відповід-них рекомендацій на основі проведеного оцінювання.Набір інструментів розроблений для використання у країнах із низьким, середнім і високим рівнями доходу. Ним можуть користуватися багато різних зацікавлених сторін, у тому числі комітети, створені для проведення оціню-вання, неурядові організації, національні правозахисні організації, національні комісії з питань охорони здоров’я чи психічного здоров’я, органи акредитації закладів охорони здоров’я і національні механізми, створені відпо-відно до міжнародних договорів із метою здійснення моніторингу за впровадженням стандартів прав людини, а також інші організації та особи, зацікавлені у промоції прав осіб з інвалідністю.Набір інструментів ініціативи ВООЗ QualityRights — це надзвичайно важливий ресурс, спрямований не лише на те, щоб припинити випадки недбалості та насильства, які були в минулому, а й на забезпечення надання послуг високої якості в майбутньому.Звіт про проведене оцінювання на рівні закладу було розроблено, щоб допомогти комітету з проведення оціню-вання із систематичним документуванням того, наскільки реалізована кожна з п’яти тем у конкретному закладі охорони психічного здоров’я.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Servicios de Salud Mental , Derechos Humanos , Calidad de la Atención de Salud , Programas Nacionales de Salud
20.
Копенгаген; Всесвітня організація охорони здоров’я. Європейське регіональне бюро; 2024. (WHO/EURO:2024-8217-47985-71047 (PDF)).
en Ucraniano | WHO IRIS | ID: who-375809

RESUMEN

Набір інструментів ініціативи ВООЗ QualityRights забезпечує країни практичною інформацією та інструментами щодо оцінювання та покращення якості послуг і дотримання прав людини в закладах охорони психічного здо-ров’я та соціального забезпечення.Набір інструментів ґрунтується на Конвенції ООН про права осіб з інвалідністю. Він містить настанови щодо: 1) прав людини та стандартів якості, яких слід дотримуватися та які слід захищати й виконувати як у стаціонарних, так і в амбулаторних закладах охорони психічного здоров’я та соціального забезпечення; 2) підготовки до комп-лексного оцінювання закладів і його проведення; та 3) звітування про результати оцінювання і надання відповід-них рекомендацій на основі проведеного оцінювання.Набір інструментів розроблений для використання у країнах із низьким, середнім і високим рівнями доходу. Ним можуть користуватися багато різних зацікавлених сторін, у тому числі комітети, створені для проведення оціню-вання, неурядові організації, національні правозахисні організації, національні комісії з питань охорони здоров’я чи психічного здоров’я, органи акредитації закладів охорони здоров’я і національні механізми, створені відпо-відно до міжнародних договорів із метою здійснення моніторингу за впровадженням стандартів прав людини, а також інші організації та особи, зацікавлені у промоції прав осіб з інвалідністю.Набір інструментів ініціативи ВООЗ QualityRights — це надзвичайно важливий ресурс, спрямований не лише на те, щоб припинити випадки недбалості та насильства, які були в минулому, а й на забезпечення надання послуг високої якості в майбутньому.Інструмент ініціативи ВООЗ QualityRights для аналізу документації та спостереження містить інструкції щодо про-ведення спостережень у закладі та аналізу відповідної документації в рамках оцінювання.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Servicios de Salud Mental , Derechos Humanos , Calidad de la Atención de Salud , Programas Nacionales de Salud
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...