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2.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 16: 1745506520953348, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856564

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: On account of their racial/ethnic minority status, class, and gender, African-American women of low socioeconomic status are among the least privileged, underserved, and most marginalized groups in the United States. Generally, African Americans continue to experience poorer health outcomes, in which disparities have been attributed to socioeconomic inequities and structural racism. This objective of this study was to explore the lived experiences of low-income African-American women in interacting with the healthcare system and healthcare providers. METHODS: Twenty-two in-depth one-on-one interviews were conducted with low-income African-American women. The audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim. An inductive content analysis was performed, using an analytical software, Dedoose® to enabled hierarchical coding. Codes were grouped into categories which were further analyzed for similarities that led to the emergence of themes. RESULTS: A key finding was the experience of discriminatory treatment. The three themes that emerged relevant to this category were (1) perceived discrimination based on race/ethnicity, (2) perceived discrimination based on socioeconomic status, and (3) stereotypical assumptions such as drug-seeking and having sexually transmitted diseases. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Low-income African-American women experience less than satisfactory patient care, where participants attribute to their experience of being stereotyped and their perception of discrimination in the healthcare system and from providers. Patients' experiences within the healthcare system have implications for their healthcare-seeking behaviors and treatment outcomes. Healthcare personnel and providers need to be more aware of the potential for implicit bias toward this population. Healthcare workforce training on culturally responsive patient care approaches and more community engagement will help providers better understand the context of patients from this population and more effectively meet their healthcare needs.


Asunto(s)
Afroamericanos/psicología , Asistencia Sanitaria Culturalmente Competente , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Racismo/psicología , Adulto , Grupos Étnicos/psicología , Femenino , Disparidades en Atención de Salud , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Grupos Minoritarios/psicología , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Percepción , Pobreza , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estados Unidos , Adulto Joven
3.
Sch Psychol ; 35(4): 227-232, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673051

RESUMEN

School Psychology is an outlet for research on children, youth, educators, and families that has scientific, practice, and policy implications. The novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has significantly disrupted K-12 schooling as well as university training, impacting educational attainment and highlighting longstanding inequality. Furthermore, the killing of Breonna Taylor and George Floyd has precipitated worldwide protests against antiblack racism, white supremacy, and police brutality. In this editorial, we highlight the potential impacts to our field, including prioritizing research related to educational equity, identifying new research questions related to technology, and utilizing new research methods. We also consider the impact of gender and racial disparities in publications during this time. Finally, given these events, we discuss how best our editorial team can serve the field. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Políticas Editoriales , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Racismo/psicología , Sexismo/psicología , Éxito Académico , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Pandemias , Racismo/prevención & control , Sexismo/prevención & control
6.
Cell Syst ; 11(1): 9-10, 2020 07 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702320

RESUMEN

Racism and COVID-19 represent a pandemic on a pandemic for Blacks. The pandemics find themselves synergized to the detriment of Blacks and their health. The complexity of the combination of these pandemics are evident when examining the interplay between racist policing practices and health.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/etnología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/etnología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Racismo/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Afroamericanos/psicología , Afroamericanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Racismo/psicología
8.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235438, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706822

RESUMEN

Are darker-skinned workers discriminated against in the labor market? Studies using survey data have shown that darker skin tone is associated with increased labor market disadvantages. However, it is hard to refute the possibility that other factors correlated with skin tones might affect employment outcomes. To overcome this inherent limitation, we use a natural experiment: we utilize changes in one's own skin tone, generated by exposure to the sun, to explore the effect of skin tone on the tendency to be employed. We find that those people whose skin tone becomes darker by exposure to the sun (but not others) are less likely to be employed when the UV radiation in the previous three weeks in the area in which they reside is greater. These within-person findings hold even when controlling for the week, the year, the region, demographic characteristics and the occupation and industry one is employed in.


Asunto(s)
Empleo/ética , Racismo/ética , Pigmentación de la Piel , Discriminación Social/ética , Adulto , Empleo/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Racismo/psicología , Discriminación Social/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Rayos Ultravioleta
9.
Fam Process ; 59(3): 832-846, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589267

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic brings to the forefront the complex interconnected dilemmas of globalization, health equity, economic security, environmental justice, and collective trauma, severely impacting the marginalized and people of color in the United States. This lack of access to and the quality of healthcare, affordable housing, and lack of financial resources also continue to have a more significant impact on documented and undocumented immigrants. This paper aims at examining these critical issues and developing a framework for family therapists to address these challenges by focusing on four interrelated dimensions: cultural values, social determinants of health, collective trauma, and the ethical and moral responsibility of family therapists. Given the fact that family therapists may unwittingly function as the best ally of an economic and political system that perpetuates institutionalized racism and class discrimination, we need to utilize a set of principles, values, and practices that are not just palliative or after the fact but bring forth into the psychotherapeutic and policy work a politics of care. Therefore, a strong call to promote and advocate for the broader continuum of health and critical thinking preparing professionals to meet the challenges of health equity, as well as economic and environmental justice, is needed. The issues discussed in this paper are specific to the United States despite their relevance to family therapy as a field. We are mindful not to generalize the United States' reality to the rest of the world, recognizing that issues discussed in this paper could potentially contribute to international discourse.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Familiar/ética , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Pandemias/ética , Política , Racismo/ética , Betacoronavirus , Cambio Climático , Infecciones por Coronavirus/etnología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Disparidades en Atención de Salud , Humanos , Principios Morales , Neumonía Viral/etnología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Racismo/psicología , Determinantes Sociales de la Salud , Marginación Social , Valores Sociales , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
12.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233277, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479503

RESUMEN

This paper reports the results of an experiment involving text-messaging and emojis in laboratory trust games executed on mobile devices. Decomposing chat logs, I find that trust increases dramatically with the introduction of emojis to one-shot games, while reciprocation increases only modestly. Skin tones embedded in emojis impact sharing and resulting gains-to the benefit of some and detriment to others. Both light and dark skin players trust less on receipt of a dark skin tone emoji-suggestive of statistical discrimination. In this way, computer-mediated communication leads to reduced gains for dark-skinned persons. These results highlight the complex social judgment that motivates trust in an anonymous counterpart.


Asunto(s)
Racismo/psicología , Envío de Mensajes de Texto/ética , Confianza/psicología , Adulto , Teléfono Celular , Femenino , Juegos Experimentales , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Juicio/ética , Juicio/fisiología , Lingüística/métodos , Masculino , Pigmentación de la Piel , Adulto Joven
18.
J Couns Psychol ; 67(3): 288-302, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237883

RESUMEN

Scholars have proposed 2 separable dimensions of racial colorblind ideology: the first is centered on "not seeing color" (i.e., color evasion), and the second is centered on denying racism (i.e., power evasion). Yet, to date, there is no psychometric evidence for this distinction. In this article, we aim to fill this gap by establishing the presence of and characterizing differences between these 2 dimensions using both variable-centered and person-centered approaches. Study 1A (n = 707) provides exploratory factor analytic evidence supporting the separability of power and color evasion. Study 1B (n = 710) provides confirmatory evidence of this factor structure and evidence of discriminant validity. In Study 1B, 3 latent profiles based on power and color evasion were identified: acknowledgers (low color evasion, low power evasion), evaders (high color evasion, average power evasion), and deniers (average color evasion, average power evasion), which differed on relevant variables (e.g., modern racism, support for affirmative-action). In Study 2 (n = 546), these profiles were replicated and extended by examining differences in attitudes and desire to engage in campus diversity activities. Implications for racial colorblind ideology theory and practical applications are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Reacción de Prevención/fisiología , Grupos de Población Continentales/psicología , Negación en Psicología , Racismo/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Actitud/etnología , Grupos de Población Continentales/etnología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometría/métodos , Racismo/etnología , Estudiantes/psicología , Adulto Joven
19.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230302, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226045

RESUMEN

In recent years, the reach and influence of far-right ideologies have been extended through online communities with devastating effects in the real world. In this research, we examine how far-right online communities can be empowered by socio-political events that are significant to them. Using over 14 years of data extracted from an Australian national sub-forum of a global online white supremacist community, we investigate whether the group cohesion of the community is affected by local race riots. Our analysis shows that the online community, not only became more cohesive after the riots, but was also reinvigorated by highly active new members who joined during the week of the riots or soon after. These changes were maintained over the longer-term, highlighting pervasive ramifications of the local socio-political context for this white supremacist community. Pre-registered analyses of data extracted from other white supremacist online communities (in South Africa and the United Kingdom) show similar effects on some of the indicators of group cohesion, but of reduced magnitude, and not as enduring as the effects found in the context of the Australian far-right online community.


Asunto(s)
Conducta de Masa , Política , Racismo/psicología , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Australia , Procesos de Grupo , Humanos
20.
Ann Epidemiol ; 45: 32-39, 2020 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340835

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to quantify the association between perceived everyday discrimination and binge eating among Latinas in the United States. METHODS: Participants included 1014 Latinas from the 2002-2003 National Latino and Asian American Study. Modified Poisson models with robust standard errors were used to estimate sociodemographic-adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of binge eating associated with overall and attribution-specific discrimination. RESULTS: Approximately 7% of Latinas reported binge eating. Increased frequency of discrimination was associated with a higher prevalence of binge eating (aPR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.23-2.06), and Latinas reporting frequencies of discrimination in the top tertile had the greatest prevalence elevation (aPR, 3.63; 95% CI, 1.32-10.00). There were important differences by discrimination attribution: Latinas experiencing primarily height/weight-based or skin color-based discrimination had the greatest prevalence elevation relative to those reporting no discrimination (aPR, 10.24; 95% CI, 2.95-35.51; and aPR, 8.83; 95% CI, 2.08-37.54, respectively), whereas Latinas reporting primarily race-based discrimination had the lowest prevalence elevation (aPR, 1.64; 95% CI, 0.47-5.69). CONCLUSIONS: Discrimination may be an important social determinant of Latinas' binge eating. Future research should incorporate expanded conceptual models that account for Latinas' complex social environment, focusing on intersecting dimensions of identity.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno por Atracón/psicología , Bulimia/psicología , Hispanoamericanos/psicología , Obesidad/psicología , Racismo/psicología , Discriminación Social/psicología , Aculturación , Adulto , Trastorno por Atracón/complicaciones , Índice de Masa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Bulimia/etnología , Femenino , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Hispanoamericanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Características de la Residencia , Discriminación Social/etnología , Medio Social , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
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