Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 270.743
Filtrar
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250936, 2024. graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345557

RESUMEN

Abstract This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of Glutamine, as a dipeptide or a free amino acid form, on the progression of burn injuries in rats. Thirty male Wistar rats were burned with a comb metal plate heated in boiling water (98 °C) for three minutes, creating four rectangular full-thickness burn areas separated by three unburned interspaces (zone of stasis) in both dorsum sides. The animals were randomized into three groups (n=10): saline solution (G1-Control) and treated groups that orally received Glutamine as dipeptide (G2-Dip) or free amino acid (G3-FreeAA). Two and seven days after burn injury, lesions were photographed for unburned interspaces necrosis evolution assessment. Seven days after injury, glutathione seric was measured and histopathological analysis was performed. By photographs, there was a significant reduction in necrosis progression in G3-Free-AA between days two and seven. Histopathological analysis at day 7 showed a significantly higher stasis zone without necrosis and a higher number of fibroblasts in G2-Dip and G3-FreeAA compared with G1-Control. Also, glutathione serum dosage was higher in G2-Dip. The plasmatic glutathione levels were higher in the G2-Dip than the G1-Control, and there was a trend to higher levels in G3-FreeAA. The reduction in histological lesions, greater production of fibroblasts, and greater amounts of glutathione may have benefited the evolution of burn necrosis, which showed greater preservation of interspaces.


Resumo Este estudo foi realizado para avaliar o efeito da Glutamina, como um dipeptídeo ou forma de aminoácido livre, na progressão de queimaduras em ratos. Trinta ratos Wistar machos foram queimados com um pente de metal aquecido em água fervente (98 °C) por três minutos, criando quatro áreas retangulares queimadas separadas por três interesespaços não queimados (zona de estase) em ambos os lados do dorso. Os animais foram randomizados em três grupos (n = 10): solução salina (G1-Controle) e grupos tratados que receberam glutamina via oral como dipeptídeo (G2-Dip) ou aminoácido livre (G3-FreeAA). Dois e sete dias após a queimadura, as lesões foram fotografadas para avaliação da evolução da necrose entre os espaços não queimados. Sete dias após a lesão, foi dosada a glutationa sérica e realizada análise histopatológica. Pelas fotografias, houve uma redução significativa na progressão da necrose no G3-Free-AA entre os dias dois e sete. A análise histopatológica no dia 7 mostrou uma zona de estase significativamente maior sem necrose e número mais elevado de fibroblastos em G2-Dip e G3-FreeAA em comparação com G1-Controle. Os níveis plasmáticos de glutationa foram maiores no G2-Dip em relação ao G1-Controle, e houve tendência a níveis mais elevados no G3-FreeAA. A redução das lesões histológicas, maior produção de fibroblastos, maior quantidade de glutationa podem ter beneficiado a evolução da necrose da queimadura, que mostrou maior preservação dos interespaços.


Asunto(s)
Animales , Masculino , Ratas , Quemaduras/tratamiento farmacológico , Glutamina , Ratas Wistar , Dipéptidos , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Aminoácidos
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253616, 2024. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355880

RESUMEN

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of the volatile oil of Alpinia zerumbet (VOAz) on caveolin-1 gene expression and muscular fibrosis. The rats were immobilized to induce fibrosis of the gastrocnemius muscle, and they were treated with VOAz. Collagen quality was assessed by histology and the expression of the caveolin-1 (CAV-1) gene was evaluated using qPCR. Histomorphological analysis indicated a significant reduction in the perimeter, width, and intensity of collagen in the treated groups, thus showing that the oil was effective in regulating the quality of collagen at the three concentrations. The results of expression levels suggested a decrease in the lesioned group and in two treatment groups (0.0115 µg/g and 0.009 µg/g). However, with the lowest concentration (0.0065 µg/g), no significant difference was observed, with levels similar to those found in healthy tissue. Therefore, the results showed that VOAz has the potential to be a non-invasive and low-cost alternative to aid in the treatment of muscular fibrosis.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do óleo volátil de Alpinia zerumbet (OVAz) na expressão do gene da caveolina-1 e na fibrose muscular. Os ratos foram imobilizados para induzir a fibrose do músculo gastrocnêmio, e foram tratados com OVAz. A qualidade do colágeno foi avaliada com histologia e à expressão do gene caveolina-1 (CAV-1) foi avaliada usando qPCR. A análise histomorfológica indicou uma redução significativa no perímetro, largura e intensidade do colágeno nos grupos tratados. Os resultados dos níveis de expressão sugeriram diminuição nos grupos de lesão e em dois grupos de tratamento (0,0115 µg/g e 0,009 µg/g). No entanto, com a menor concentração (0,0065 µg/g), não foi observada diferença significativa, apresentando níveis semelhantes aos encontrados em tecido saudável. O uso do OVAz foi eficaz para reverter as alterações do colágeno causadas pela fibrose, e sua menor concentração apresentou uma possível tendência de aumento na expressão do CAV-1. Portanto, os resultados mostraram que o OVAz tem potencial para ser uma alternativa não invasiva e de baixo custo para auxiliar no tratamento da fibrose muscular.


Asunto(s)
Animales , Ratas , Aceites Volátiles/farmacología , Colágeno/metabolismo , Alpinia/química , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Músculos/efectos de los fármacos , Fibrosis , Aceites Vegetales/farmacología , Brasil , Ratas Wistar , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Músculos/patología
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254552, 2024. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360202

RESUMEN

Anti-tuberculosis drugs are reported to cause hepatotoxicity, which varies from asymptomatic rise of the hepatic enzymes. Hepatoprotective plants plays important role to protect liver. This study investigated the hepatoprotective potential of the Solanum lycopersicum in rats intoxicated with Isoniazid and Rifampicin (INH+RIF) to induce hepatotoxicity. Thirty wistar albino rats were divided into five groups of six animals each. Group 1 rats were kept control while groups II, III, IV and V were administered with INH+RIF (75+150 mg/kg) orally, for seven consecutive days. For treatment, rats in group III received silymarin while animals in group IV and V were provided with 40 mg/kg and 80 mg/kg of Solanum lycopersicum extract, respectively. On day 0 and 8th blood samples were collected for the analysis of hepatic biomarkers. The data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni's post hoc test for statistical analysis. Hepatotoxicity induced by INH+RIF resulted in significant elevation of serum hepatic enzymes including Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and total bilirubin while decreased the albumin level. The Solanum lycopersicum at dose of 80 mg/kg significantly reduced the hepatic enzymes AST, ALT, ALP and bilirubin while the albumin level was significantly increased. The treatment had non-significant effect on body and liver weight. Drug induced hepatotoxicity can be effectively treated with Solanum lycopersicum at 80 mg/kg dose.


As drogas antituberculose são relatadas como causadoras de hepatotoxicidade, ocasionando o aumento assintomático das enzimas hepáticas. As plantas hepatoprotetoras desempenham um papel importante na proteção do fígado. Este estudo investigou o potencial hepatoprotetor de Solanum lycopersicum em ratos que foram intoxicados com isoniazida e rifampicina (INH + RIF) para induzir hepatotoxicidade. Trinta ratos wistar albinos foram divididos em cinco grupos de seis animais cada. Os ratos do grupo 1 representaram o grupo controle, enquanto os ratos dos grupos II, III, IV e V receberam INH + RIF (75 + 150 mg/kg) por via oral, por sete dias consecutivos. Para o tratamento, os ratos do grupo III receberam silimarina, enquanto os animais do grupo IV e V receberam 40 mg/kg e 80 mg/kg de extrato de S. lycopersicum, respectivamente. Nos dias 0 e 8, foram coletadas amostras de sangue para análise de biomarcadores hepáticos. Os dados foram submetidos a teste unilateral (ANOVA) e post hoc de Bonferroni para análise estatística. A hepatotoxicidade induzida por INH + RIF resultou em elevação significativa das enzimas hepáticas séricas, incluindo aspartato aminotransferase (AST), alanina aminotransferase (ALT), fosfatase alcalina (ALP) e bilirrubina total, enquanto houve a diminuição do nível de albumina. O S. lycopersicum, na dose de 80 mg / kg, reduziu significativamente as enzimas hepáticas AST, ALT, ALP e bilirrubina, enquanto o nível de albumina aumentou de forma significativa. O tratamento não teve efeito significativo no peso corporal e hepático. A hepatotoxicidade induzida por drogas pode ser tratada de forma eficaz com S. lycopersicum na dose de 80 mg/kg.


Asunto(s)
Animales , Ratas , Ratas Wistar , Lycopersicon esculentum , Hígado/efectos de los fármacos , Antituberculosos
4.
FASEB J ; 37(3): e22796, 2023 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723950

RESUMEN

Hypoxic postconditioning (HPC) with 8% oxygen increases nuclear accumulation of ß-catenin through activating the classical Wnt pathway, thereby alleviating transient global cerebral ischemia (tGCI)-induced neuronal damage in the hippocampal CA1 subregion of adult rats. However, little is understood about the regulatory mechanism of nuclear ß-catenin in HPC-mediated cerebral ischemic tolerance. Although lysine(K)-specific demethylase 2A (KDM2A) has been known as a crucial regulator of nuclear ß-catenin destabilization, whether it plays an important role through modulating nuclear ß-catenin in cerebral ischemic tolerance induced by HPC remains unknown. In this study, we explored the molecular mechanism of stabilizing nuclear ß-catenin by inhibiting KDM2A-mediated demethylation in the HPC-offered neuroprotection against tGCI. In addition, we confirmed that nuclear methylated-ß-catenin in CA1 decreased and nuclear ß-catenin turnover increased after tGCI, which were reversed by HPC. The administration with methyltransferase inhibitor AdOx abrogated HPC-induced methylation and stabilization of nuclear ß-catenin in CA1, as well as the neuroprotection against tGCI. Notably, HPC downregulated the expression of KDM2A in CA1 and reduced the interaction between KDM2A and ß-catenin in the nucleus after tGCI. The knockdown of KDM2A with small-interfering RNA could upregulate nuclear methylated-ß-catenin and stabilize ß-catenin, thereby increasing survivin in CA1 and improving the cognitive function of rats after tGCI. Opposite results were observed by the administration of KDM2A-carried adenovirus vector. Furthermore, we demonstrated that KDM2A mediates the demethylation of nuclear ß-catenin through jumonji C (JmjC) domain of KDM2A in HEK-293T and SH-SY5Y cells. Our data support that the inhibition of KDM2A-mediated demethylation of nuclear ß-catenin contributes to HPC-induced neuroprotection against tGCI.


Asunto(s)
Proteínas F-Box , Ataque Isquémico Transitorio , Neuroblastoma , Ratas , Humanos , Animales , Ratas Wistar , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Proteínas F-Box/metabolismo , Histona Demetilasas con Dominio de Jumonji/genética , Histona Demetilasas con Dominio de Jumonji/metabolismo
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36704758

RESUMEN

Objective: We reported that rats infused with angiotensin II (Ang II) are not only a model of hypertension but also of augmented 24 h blood pressure variability (BPV). In this study, we examined the mechanisms for Ang II-induced BPV, focusing on BP, heart rate (HR), baroreceptor reflex sensitivity (BRS), and medial area of the aortic arch. Methods: Nine-week-old male Wistar rats were infused with subcutaneous 5.2 µg/kg/h Ang II with or without oral administration with 30 mg/kg/day azelnidipine for 14 days. BP and HR were recorded every 15 min under an unrestrained condition by a radiotelemetry system, while BPV was evaluated by standard deviation of BP. BRS was quantified by a sequence analysis, and medial thickness of the aortic arch was measured by microscopic examination. Results: BPV increased at days 7 and 14 following continuous infusion of Ang II. Before the infusion, a positive correlation was found between BP and HR, but it became negative at day 7 and then weakened or disappeared at day 14. BRS was slightly impaired at day 7 and significantly lowered at day 14, a phenomenon accompanied by thickened medial area of the aortic arch in Ang II-infused rats. Those Ang II-induced alterations were all significantly attenuated by azelnidipine. Conclusions: The present findings suggest sequential changes in the mechanisms behind augmented BPV in rats continuously infused with Ang II over 14 days.


Asunto(s)
Angiotensina II , Hipertensión , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Presión Sanguínea , Angiotensina II/farmacología , Ratas Wistar , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico
6.
Phytomedicine ; 110: 154636, 2023 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608503

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is the terminal stage of all heart diseases that is characterized by irreversible cardiomyocyte injury. Equilibrium of autophagy is essential for cardiac cell survival. The Luhong formula (LHF) has been clinically applied for decades, and has exhibited significant efficacy in improving heart function and alleviating the symptoms of angina pectoris. PURPOSE: To clarify the mechanism of action of LHF and one of its main constituents, hydroxysafflor yellow A (HYSA), in protecting ischemic cardiomyocytes by inhibiting autophagy. METHODS: Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay with LHF or HYSA pretreatment followed by hypoxic damage. Immunofluorescence of GFP-LC3-H9C2 and GFP-LC3-HeLa cells was used to observe autophagic flux. Beclin 1 and HIF1α protein expression were assessed using western blotting. LHF was orally administered to Wistar rats following myocardial infarcion. Echocardiography was performed before the rats were sacrificed; immunohistochemistry and western blotting were used to evaluate Beclin 1 and HIF1α expression in the myocardial tissue. Hematoxylin and eosin staining as well as Masson's trichrome staining were used to measure cardiac structure and myocardial fibrosis. RESULTS: LHF and HYSA reversed the hypoxia-induced decrease in cell viability in vitro. LHF and HYSA induced the aggregation of GFP-LC3 puncta and reduced the expression of Beclin 1 protein in H9C2, suggesting that LHF and HYSA may inhibit autophagy activity. Pretreatment with reactive oxygen species (ROS) inducers and inhibitors revealed that LHF and HYSA inhibited autophagy by suppressing cellular ROS. Further studies demonstrated that LHF and HYSA reduced the ROS levels by inhibiting HIF1α. LHF delayed fibrosis and protected heart function in vivo in a rat model of HF following myocardial infarction. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry revealed that LHF effectively reduced the expression of Beclin 1 and HIF1α in the infarcted area of the rat heart. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that hydroxysafflor yellow A is the representative bioactive compounent of Luhong Formula on regulating autophagy to protectect cardiomyocytes from hypoxia injury. LHF and HYSA inhibit cardiac autophagy by suppressing HIF1α-mediated ROS production. This study helps to further clarify the underlying mechanism of LHF and provide a scientific basis for its development as a novel cardiovascular therapeutic agent.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Miocitos Cardíacos , Humanos , Ratas , Animales , Beclina-1/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Ratas Wistar , Autofagia , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/metabolismo , Hipoxia , Apoptosis
7.
J Neuroinflammation ; 20(1): 1, 2023 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593485

RESUMEN

Chronic hyperammonemia, a main contributor to hepatic encephalopathy (HE), leads to neuroinflammation which alters neurotransmission leading to cognitive impairment. There are no specific treatments for the neurological alterations in HE. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reduce neuroinflammation in some pathological conditions. The aims were to assess if treatment of hyperammonemic rats with EVs from MSCs restores cognitive function and analyze the underlying mechanisms. EVs injected in vivo reach the hippocampus and restore performance of hyperammonemic rats in object location, object recognition, short-term memory in the Y-maze and reference memory in the radial maze. Hyperammonemic rats show reduced TGFß levels and membrane expression of TGFß receptors in hippocampus. This leads to microglia activation and reduced Smad7-IkB pathway, which induces NF-κB nuclear translocation in neurons, increasing IL-1ß which alters AMPA and NMDA receptors membrane expression, leading to cognitive impairment. These effects are reversed by TGFß in the EVs from MSCs, which activates TGFß receptors, reducing microglia activation and NF-κB nuclear translocation in neurons by normalizing the Smad7-IkB pathway. This normalizes IL-1ß, AMPA and NMDA receptors membrane expression and, therefore, cognitive function. EVs from MSCs may be useful to improve cognitive function in patients with hyperammonemia and minimal HE.


Asunto(s)
Vesículas Extracelulares , Hiperamonemia , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Ratas , Animales , Ratas Wistar , Inflamación/metabolismo , Enfermedades Neuroinflamatorias , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Hiperamonemia/terapia , Hiperamonemia/metabolismo , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Ácido alfa-Amino-3-hidroxi-5-metil-4-isoxazol Propiónico/metabolismo , Ácido alfa-Amino-3-hidroxi-5-metil-4-isoxazol Propiónico/farmacología , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Cognición , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta/metabolismo
8.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677645

RESUMEN

Women have a high susceptibility to the negative effects of stress. Hormonal changes experienced throughout their reproductive life partially contribute to a higher incidence of anxiety and depression symptoms, particularly, during natural or surgical menopause. In preclinical research, the flavonoid chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) exerts anxiolytic- and anti-despair-like effects; however, it is unknown whether chrysin exerts a protective effect against the behavioral changes produced by acute stress on locomotor activity and behavioral despair in rats at 12-weeks post-ovariectomy. Ovariectomized female Wistar rats were assigned to eight groups: vehicle group (10% DMSO), three groups with chrysin and three groups with the same dose of allopregnanolone (0.5, 1, and 2 mg/kg), and one group with diazepam (2 mg/kg). The treatments were administered for seven consecutive days and the effects were evaluated in the locomotor activity and swimming tests. Chrysin (2 mg/kg) increased the latency to first immobility and decreased the total immobility time in the swimming test as the reference drugs allopregnanolone and diazepam (2 mg/kg); while locomotor activity prevented the behavioral changes produced by swimming. In conclusion, chrysin exerts a protective effect against the behavioral changes induced by acute stress, similarly to the neurosteroid allopregnanolone and the benzodiazepine diazepam in rats subjected to a surgical menopause model.


Asunto(s)
Flavonoides , Pregnanolona , Ratas , Femenino , Animales , Ratas Wistar , Pregnanolona/farmacología , Flavonoides/farmacología , Diazepam/farmacología , Menopausia
9.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677854

RESUMEN

This study examined the effect of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced liver damage and steatosis in rats and tested its effect mechanism. Wistar male rats were divided into four groups (each of eight rats) as control, AuNPs (50 µL of 10 nm), DOX (15 mg/kg; 3 mg/kg/week), and DOX + AuNPs-treated rats. DOX is known to induce fasting hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in treated rats. Individual treatment of both DOX and AuNPs also promoted liver damage, increased circulatory levels of ALT and AST, and stimulated serum and liver levels of TGs, CHOL, LDL-c, and FFAs. They also stimulated MDA, TNF-α, and IL-6, reduced GSH, SOD, HO-1, and CAT, upregulated mRNA levels of Bax and caspases-3 and -8 and downregulated mRNA levels of Bcl2 in the livers of rats. However, while DOX alone reduced hepatic levels of PPARα, both AuNPs and DOX stimulated mRNA levels of SREBP1, reduced the mRNA, cytoplasmic and nuclear levels of Nrf2, and increased mRNA, cytoplasmic, and nuclear levels of NF-κB. The liver damage and the alterations in all these parameters were significantly more profound when both AuNPs and DOX were administered together. In conclusion, AuNPs exaggerate liver damage, hyperlipidemia, and hepatic steatosis in DOX-treated rats by activating SREBP1 and NF-κB and suppressing the Nrf2/antioxidant axis.


Asunto(s)
Hígado Graso , Hiperlipidemias , Nanopartículas del Metal , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Oro/farmacología , Estrés Oxidativo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Ratas Wistar , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Hiperlipidemias/inducido químicamente , Hiperlipidemias/tratamiento farmacológico , Hiperlipidemias/metabolismo , Hígado , Hígado Graso/inducido químicamente , Hígado Graso/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/farmacología
10.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677938

RESUMEN

This study investigated the potential hepatoprotective activity of curcumin-incorporated nano-lipid carrier (Cur-NLC) against cypermethrin (Cyp) toxicity in adult Wistar male rats. All animals in groups III, IV, V, and VI were subjected to Cyp (50 mg/kg) toxicity for 15 days. Three different doses of Cur-NLC (1, 2.5, and 5 mg/kg/day) were administered orally for 10 days. The toxic effects were evaluated considering the increases in serum hepatic biomarkers alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein and albumin, and lipid peroxidation (LPO), as well as a decrease in antioxidative activity (reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase) and the upregulation of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α). Immunohistochemistry studies of proteins (NF-κB, Apaf-1, 4-HNE, and Bax) showed enhanced expression, and histopathological examination revealed architectural changes in liver cells, indicating liver toxicity in animals. Toxicity was determined by quantitative and qualitative determinations of DNA fragmentation, which show massive apoptosis with Cyp treatment. The administration of Cur-NLC significantly ameliorates all changes caused by Cyp, such as a decrease in the levels of serum liver markers, an increase in antioxidative parameters, a decrease in expression of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, and NF-κB), and apoptosis (caspases-3, 9, Apaf-1, 4-HNE, and Bax), according to calorimetric and immunohistochemistry studies. The smear-like pattern of DNA is ameliorated similarly to the control at a high dose of Cur-NLC. Furthermore, all histopathological changes were reduced to a level close to the control. In conclusion, Cur-NLC could be a potent nutraceutical that exhibits a hepatoprotective effect against Cyp-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas , Curcumina , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Ratas Wistar , Curcumina/farmacología , Curcumina/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína X Asociada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Hígado , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/prevención & control , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/metabolismo
11.
Lipids Health Dis ; 22(1): 14, 2023 Jan 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36707815

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sesame oil, an edible essential oil, is known to be rich in unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and lignans with several reported health-promoting benefits. Acute arsenic poisoning produces toxic hepatitis, bone marrow depression and adverse gastrointestinal responses. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of sesame seed oil (SSO) against genotoxicity, hepatotoxicity and colonic toxicity induced by sodium arsenite (SA) in Wistar rats. METHODS: Twenty-eight male Wistar albino rats were randomly allocated into four groups: control, SA only (2.5 mg/kg), SA + SSO (4 ml/kg) and SSO alone for eight consecutive days. Liver function and morphology, bone marrow micronuclei induction, colonic histopathology, mucus production and immune expression of Bcl-2, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), MUC1 and cytokeratins AE1/AE3 were evaluated. RESULTS: SA provoked increased serum activities of liver enzymes, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and caused severely altered morphology of hepatic and colonic tissues with increased frequency of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MnPCEs/1000PCE) in the bone marrow. In addition, SA triggered increased expression of colonic CEA and MUC1 but weak Bcl-2 immunoexpression. However, cotreatment with SSO demonstrated protective activities against SA-induced damage, as indicated by significantly reduced serum ALT and AST, fewer micronucleated bone marrow erythrocytes and well-preserved hepatic and colonic morphologies compared to the SA-treated rats. Furthermore, SSO protected the colonic mucosa by boosting mucus production, elevating anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression and reducing CEA expression. GC-MS analysis of SSO revealed that it was predominated by linoleic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid, and tocopherols. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicated that SSO protected the liver, colon and bone marrow potentially via anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic activities. The data suggest that sesame oil has potential therapeutic applications against chemical toxicities induced by arsenic.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas , Aceite de Sésamo , Animales , Ratas , Masculino , Aceite de Sésamo/farmacología , Aceite de Sésamo/metabolismo , Antígeno Carcinoembrionario , Ratas Wistar , Hígado/metabolismo , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/genética , Enfermedad Hepática Inducida por Sustancias y Drogas/prevención & control , Suplementos Dietéticos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo
12.
J Appl Biomater Funct Mater ; 21: 22808000221149193, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708249

RESUMEN

Hydroxyapatite (HA) is a biomaterial widely used to treat bone defect, such as due to traffic accident. The HA scaffold is obtained from synthetic HA or natural sources, such as bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA). This study aims to compare the characteristics and in vivo performance of BHA-based and HA-based scaffolds. For this purpose, the scaffold was formulated with gelatin (GEL) and characterised by SEM-EDX, FTIR and mini autograph. The defect model was carried out on the femur area of Wistar rats classified into three animal groups: defect, HA-GEL and BHA-GEL. Postoperatively (7, 14 and 28 days), the bone was radiologically evaluated, and stained with haematoxylin-eosin, anti-CD80 and anti-CD163. The BHA-GEL scaffold showed a regular surface and spherical particle shape, whereas the HA-GEL scaffold exhibited irregular surface. The BHA-GEL scaffold had higher pore size and compressive strength and lower calcium-to-phosphorus ratio than the HA-GEL scaffold. In vivo study showed that the expression of CD80 in the three experimental groups was not significantly different. However, the expression of CD163 differed significantly between the groups. The BHA-GEL group showed robust expression of CD163 on day 7, which rapidly decreased over time. It also showed increased osteoclasts, osteoblasts and osteocytes cell count that contributed to the integrity of the defect area. In conclusion, the BHA-based scaffold exhibited the desired physical and chemical characteristics that benefit in vivo performance versus the HA-based scaffold. Thus, the BHA-based scaffold may be used as a bone graft.


Asunto(s)
Durapatita , Andamios del Tejido , Animales , Bovinos , Ratas , Regeneración Ósea , Ratas Wistar , Gelatina , Desarrollo Óseo , Osteogénesis
13.
Chemosphere ; 314: 137691, 2023 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592828

RESUMEN

Since the use of bisphenol A (BPA) has been restricted because of its endocrine disruptor properties, bisphenol S (BPS) has been widely used as a substitute of BPA. However, BPS exerts similar effects on metabolic health as BPA. The effects of maternal exposure to BPA and BPS on the metabolic health of offspring have been largely documented during the past decade. However, the impact of preconceptional paternal exposure to BPS on progenies remains unexplored. In this study we investigated the impact of paternal exposure to BPS before conception, on the metabolic phenotype of offspring. Male Wistar rats were administered BPS through drinking water at the dose of 4 µg/kg/day (BPS-4 sires) or 40 µg/kg/day (BPS-40 sires) for 2 months before mating with females. The progenies (F1) were studied at fetal stage and in adulthood. We showed that preconceptional paternal exposure to BPS for 2 months did not alter the metabolic status of sires. The female offspring of sires exposed to lower or higher doses of BPS showed no alteration of their metabolic phenotype compared to females from control sires. In contrast, male offspring of BPS-4 sires exhibited increased body weight and body fat/lean ratio, decreased insulin sensitivity and increased glucose-induced insulin secretion at adult age, compared to the male offspring of control sires. Moreover, male offspring of BPS-4 sires developed glucose intolerance later in life. None of these effects were apparent in male offspring of BPS-40 sires. In conclusion, our study provides the first evidence of the non-monotonic and sex-specific effects of preconceptional paternal exposure to BPS on the metabolic health of offspring, suggesting that BPS is not a safe BPA substitute regarding the inter-generational transmission of metabolic disorders through the paternal lineage.


Asunto(s)
Resistencia a la Insulina , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal , Humanos , Ratas , Masculino , Femenino , Animales , Ratas Wistar , Exposición Materna , Exposición Paterna/efectos adversos , Glucosa/metabolismo , Compuestos de Bencidrilo/toxicidad , Efectos Tardíos de la Exposición Prenatal/inducido químicamente
14.
Neuroreport ; 34(2): 67-74, 2023 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608161

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: During status epilepticus, severe seizures can occur, generating recurrent cycles of excitotoxicity and oxidative stress that cause neuronal damage and cell death. The administration of agents with antioxidant properties represents a therapeutic alternative aimed at reducing the severity of status epilepticus and mitigating the neurobiological consequences that precede them. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to evaluate the antiseizure effect of the antioxidants allopurinol (ALL) and ellagic acid during status epilepticus induced by pilocarpine (PILO). METHODS: Male Wistar rats (200-250 g) were injected with ALL (50 mg/kg) or ellagic acid (50 mg/kg), 30 min before PILO administration (pretreatment) or 60 min after the beginning of status epilepticus, to evaluate the antiseizure effect of these drugs on epileptiform activity and convulsive behavior. RESULTS: ALL or ellagic acid administration before or after PILO significantly decreased the epileptiform activity and the severity of convulsive behavior. Better efficacy was observed when the drugs were administered as a pretreatment, increasing the latency time of the appearance of status epilepticus from 27.2 ± 2.6 to 45.8 ± 3.31 min, and significantly reducing the amplitude of epileptiform discharges by 53.5% with ALL and 68.9% with ellagic acid. CONCLUSION: The antioxidants ALL and ellagic acid showed an antiseizure effect, representing an alternative to reduce epileptiform activity and severity of convulsive behavior during status epilepticus, an effect that may be used as adjuvants to mitigate or reduce oxidative damage processes.


Asunto(s)
Alopurinol , Estado Epiléptico , Ratas , Animales , Masculino , Alopurinol/efectos adversos , Ácido Elágico/efectos adversos , Ratas Wistar , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/uso terapéutico , Convulsiones/tratamiento farmacológico , Convulsiones/inducido químicamente , Estado Epiléptico/inducido químicamente , Estado Epiléptico/tratamiento farmacológico , Pilocarpina/toxicidad
15.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 284, 2023 Jan 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609426

RESUMEN

The medicinal use of Persea americana in the treatment of some diseases like hypertension, diabetes, is often with dearth of supporting scientific proof. Thus, we evaluated its ethnomedicinal benefits for possible scientific justification. Thirty healthy Wistar rats were randomly grouped in fives. Alloxan was used to induce diabetes in the rats in groups II to VI. The diabetic rats in group II were treated with glibenclamide, while those in group III were not treated. Also, the diabetic rats in groups IV to VI were treated with the ethanol extracts of the stem bark, leaf, and root of P. americana respectively. The parts of P. americana comparatively possess highest amounts of phenols (250.50 ± 0.68-bark), saponin (436.80 ± 3.76-leaf), flavonoid (382.80 ± 0.67-leaf) and tannins (58.34 ± 0.09-root). The extracts exhibited high reducing property (FRAP and total reducing), as well as high ABTS and DPPH free radical scavenging ability. The enzyme (alpha-glycosidase and alpha-amylase) inhibitory activity of P. americana increases with increasing concentration of the extracts. Administration of methanol extracts of P. americana bark, leaf and root to alloxan-induced diabetic rats resulted in significant (P < 0.05) decreases in AST, ALP, ALT, Total bilirubin, LPO, plasma glucose and significant (P < 0.05) increases in GSH, CAT and SOD. These effects were like that of glibenclamide. The enzyme inhibitory, hepatoprotective, antioxidant and antidiabetic properties of P. americana are some of the benefits derived from its consumption and ethnomedicinal use.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Persea , Ratas , Animales , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/química , Hipoglucemiantes/farmacología , Hipoglucemiantes/uso terapéutico , Persea/química , Ratas Wistar , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/química , Gliburida/farmacología , Aloxano , Carbohidratos
16.
Braz Oral Res ; 37: e007, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700590

RESUMEN

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of chronic use of fluoxetine on the amount of orthodontic tooth movement and tissue changes in rats. A total of 192 Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: S, 0.9% saline solution; F, 20 mg/kg of fluoxetine; SM, 0.9% saline solution with orthodontic movement; and FM, 20 mg/kg of fluoxetine with orthodontic movement. After 30 days of daily saline or fluoxetine administration, an orthodontic device (25cN) was used to mesially displace the first molar in animals of the groups SM and FM. The animals were euthanized 2, 7, 14, and 28 days after placement of the orthodontic appliances and animals of groups S and F were euthanized at the same time. The assessment of tooth movement was made in gypsum castings, the collagen neoformation was assessed by polarization microscopy, the number of osteoclasts and root resorption were evaluated using tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, and presence of hyalinized areas was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Fluoxetine did not affect the amount of tooth displacement, percentage of collagen, number of osteoclasts, and presence of hyalinized areas (P>0.05). There was a higher frequency of root resorption areas in the FM group than in the SM group only on the second day (P<0.05). The findings of this study show that chronic use of 20 mg/kg fluoxetine does not affect the amount of tooth movement, collagen neoformation, number of osteoclasts, or hyalinized areas and does not affect root resorption until the last day of orthodontic movement.


Asunto(s)
Fluoxetina , Resorción Radicular , Ratas , Animales , Ratas Wistar , Fluoxetina/farmacología , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental , Solución Salina , Fosfatasa Ácida Tartratorresistente , Osteoclastos , Colágeno
17.
In Vivo ; 37(1): 270-285, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593044

RESUMEN

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effect of Ceratonia siliqua on bone mineral density (BMD) as a non-pharmaceutical alternative treatment for postmenopausal osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty mature female Wistar rats were randomly separated into three groups of 10: Control, ovariectomized (OVX), and ovariectomized-plus-C. siliqua (OVX+CS). Total and proximal BMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in all groups before ovariectomy, and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. At the end of the study, the femurs were subjected to a three-point bending test. RESULTS: DEXA revealed no statistically significant difference in absolute values or percentage changes for total tibial BMD between OVX+CS and OVX groups throughout the study. In the proximal tibia, both absolute values and BMD percentage changes from baseline were higher in the OVX+CS group compared to the OVX group after 3 and 6 months of C. siliqua administration. Three-point bending test revealed a significantly higher thickness index in the OVX+CS group compared to the OVX group and a higher cross-sectional area index compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: Long-term administration of C. siliqua may be considered a non-pharmaceutical alternative treatment for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Further research is required to properly investigate the effects, and suitable treatment dose and schedule.


Asunto(s)
Fabaceae , Osteoporosis Posmenopáusica , Osteoporosis , Humanos , Ratas , Femenino , Animales , Densidad Ósea , Osteoporosis Posmenopáusica/tratamiento farmacológico , Osteoporosis Posmenopáusica/etiología , Ratas Wistar , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Osteoporosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Osteoporosis/etiología , Ovariectomía/efectos adversos
18.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(2): 84, 2023 Jan 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680608

RESUMEN

This study aimed to explore the effect and mechanism of Bacillus coagulans TL3 (B. coagulans TL3) on ileal inflammatory injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Animal models were established wherein male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: a control group, an LPS group, a high-concentration B. coagulans (HBC) group, and a low-concentration B. coagulans (LBC) group. The results showed that the biochemical indices changed, significant pathological changes were found, the number of apoptotic cells increased in the ileal tissue of the LPS group rats; the protein expressions of NFκB, MYD88, TLR4, TNF-α, Il-6, IL-1ß, Claudin-1, Occludin, and ZO-1 in the LPS group were significantly decreased. The biochemical indices, pathological changes, and protein expressions in rats subjected to intragastric administration with high or low concentrations of B. coagulans TL3, were significantly reversed compared with the LPS group. These results indicated that TL3 strain could protect rats against ileal oxidative stress and inflammation induced by LPS and the protective mechanism was related to inhibition of the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) / myeloid differentiation factor-88 (MyD88) signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Bacillus coagulans , Lipopolisacáridos , Ratas , Animales , Masculino , Lipopolisacáridos/toxicidad , Receptor Toll-Like 4/genética , Receptor Toll-Like 4/metabolismo , Bacillus coagulans/metabolismo , Ratas Wistar , Factor 88 de Diferenciación Mieloide/metabolismo , Inflamación , FN-kappa B/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo
19.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615601

RESUMEN

Extending the range of use of the heterologous fibrin biopolymer, this pre-clinical study showed a new proportionality of its components directed to the formation of scaffold with a lower density of the resulting mesh to facilitate the infiltration of bone cells, and combined with therapy by laser photobiomodulation, in order to accelerate the repair process and decrease the morphofunctional recovery time. Thus, a transoperative protocol of laser photobiomodulation (L) was evaluated in critical bone defects filled with deproteinized bovine bone particles (P) associated with heterologous fibrin biopolymer (HF). The groups were: BCL (blood clot + laser); HF; HFL; PHF (P+HF); PHFL (P+HF+L). Microtomographically, bone volume (BV) at 14 days, was higher in the PHF and PHFL groups (10.45 ± 3.31 mm3 and 9.94 ± 1.51 mm3), significantly increasing in the BCL, HFL and PHFL groups. Histologically, in all experimental groups, the defects were not reestablished either in the external cortical bone or in the epidural, occurring only in partial bone repair. At 42 days, the bone area (BA) increased in all groups, being significantly higher in the laser-treated groups. The quantification of bone collagen fibers showed that the percentage of collagen fibers in the bone tissue was similar between the groups for each experimental period, but significantly higher at 42 days (35.71 ± 6.89%) compared to 14 days (18.94 ± 6.86%). It can be concluded that the results of the present study denote potential effects of laser radiation capable of inducing functional bone regeneration, through the synergistic combination of biomaterials and the new ratio of heterologous fibrin biopolymer components (1:1:1) was able to make the resulting fibrin mesh less dense and susceptible to cellular permeability. Thus, the best fibrinogen concentration should be evaluated to find the ideal heterologous fibrin scaffold.


Asunto(s)
Matriz Ósea , Fibrina , Ratas , Animales , Bovinos , Fibrina/uso terapéutico , Ratas Wistar , Regeneración Ósea , Rayos Láser , Bioingeniería , Colágeno , Andamios del Tejido
20.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615626

RESUMEN

Recent evidences indicate that there is a substantial increase in worldwide cases of dementia. Alzheimer's disease is the leading cause of dementia and may contribute to 60-70% of cases. Quercetin is a unique bioflavonoid that has numerous therapeutic benefits such as anti-allergy, anti-ulcer, anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive, anti-cancer, immuno-modulatory, anti-infective, antioxidant, acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity, neuroprotective effects, etc. In the present study, we evaluated the neuroprotective effect of orally administered quercetin with memantine in albino Wistar rats after inducing neurotoxicity through AlCl3 (100 mg/kg, p.o.). Chronic administration of AlCl3 resulted in poor retention of memory and significant oxidative damage. Various behavioral parameters, such as locomotor activity, Morris water maze, elevated plus maze, and passive avoidance test, were assessed on days 21 and 42 of the study. The animals were euthanatized following the completion of the last behavioral assessment. Various oxidative stress parameters were assessed to know the extent of oxidative damage to brain tissue. Quercetin with memantine has shown significant improvement in behavioral studies, inhibition of AChE activity, and reduction in oxidative stress parameters. Histopathological studies assessed for cortex and hippocampus using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), and Congo red stain demonstrated a reduction in amyloid-ß plaque formation after treatment of quercetin with memantine. Immunohistochemistry showed that quercetin with memantine treatment also improved the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inhibited amyloid-ß plaque formation. The present study results demonstrated protective effects of treatment of quercetin with memantine in the neurotoxicity linked to aluminum chloride in albino Wistar rats.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Fármacos Neuroprotectores , Ratas , Animales , Fármacos Neuroprotectores/uso terapéutico , Ratas Wistar , Memantina/farmacología , Quercetina/farmacología , Compuestos de Aluminio/toxicidad , Cloruros/toxicidad , Acetilcolinesterasa/metabolismo , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/inducido químicamente , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Aprendizaje por Laberinto
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...