Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.640.582
Filtrar
1.
Med Gas Res ; 13(1): 23-28, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946219

RESUMEN

Demyelination of the cerebral white matter is the most common pathological change after carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. Notch signaling, the mechanism underlying the differentiation of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, is critical to remyelination of the white matter after brain lesion. The purpose of this work was to determine the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on Notch signaling pathway after CO poisoning for the explanation of the protective effects of HBO on CO-poisoning-related cerebral white matter demyelination. The male C57 BL/6 mice with severe CO poisoning were treated by HBO. And HBO therapy shortened the escape latency and improved the body mass after CO poisoning. HBO therapy also significantly suppressed protein and mRNA levels of Notch1 and Hes5 after CO poisoning. Our findings suggested that HBO could suppress the activation of Notch signaling pathway after CO poisoning, which is the mechanism underlying the neuroprotection of HBO on demyelination after severe CO poisoning.


Asunto(s)
Intoxicación por Monóxido de Carbono , Enfermedades Desmielinizantes , Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Animales , Intoxicación por Monóxido de Carbono/terapia , Enfermedades Desmielinizantes/inducido químicamente , Enfermedades Desmielinizantes/terapia , Masculino , Ratones , Oxígeno , Transducción de Señal
2.
Int J Mol Med ; 49(4)2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35137921

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effect of resveratrol on non­alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and the molecular basis in mice and Hepa1­6 cells, in order to verify its therapeutic effect. C57BL/6J mice were fed a methionine­choline­deficient (MCD) diet to induce steatohepatitis and were treated with resveratrol. Mouse sera were collected for biochemical analysis and enzyme­linked immunosorbent assay, and livers were obtained for histological observation, and mmu­microRNA (miR)­599 and inflammation­related gene expression analysis. Hepa1­6 cells were treated with palmitic acid to establish a NASH cell model, and were then treated with resveratrol, or transfected with mmu­miR­599 mimic, mmu­miR­599 inhibitor or recombinant pregnane X receptor (PXR) plasmid. Subsequently, the cells were collected for mmu­miR­599 and inflammation­related gene expression analysis. Reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were used to assess mmu­miR­599 expression levels, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of PXR and inflammation­related genes. The binding site of mmu­miR­599 in the PXR mRNA was verified by the luciferase activity assay. Mice fed an MCD diet for 4 weeks exhibited steatosis, focal necrosis and inflammatory infiltration in the liver. Resveratrol significantly reduced serum aminotransferase and malondialdehyde levels, and ameliorated hepatic injury. These effects were associated with reduced mmu­miR­599 expression, enhanced PXR expression, and downregulated levels of nuclear factor­κB, tumour necrosis factor­α, interleukin (IL)­1ß, IL­6, NOD­like receptor family pyrin domain­containing protein 3 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3. Administration of the mmu­miR­599 mimic inhibited PXR expression in Hepa1­6 cells, whereas the mmu­miR­599 inhibitor exerted the opposite effect. A binding site for mmu­miR­599 was identified in the PXR mRNA sequence. Furthermore, overexpression of PXR inhibited the expression of inflammatory factors in Hepa1­6 cells. The present study provided evidence for the protective role of resveratrol in ameliorating steatohepatitis through regulating the mmu­miR­599/PXR pathway and the consequent suppression of related inflammatory factors. Resveratrol may serve as a potential candidate for steatohepatitis management.


Asunto(s)
MicroARNs , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico , Animales , Hígado/metabolismo , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , MicroARNs/metabolismo , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/etiología , Enfermedad del Hígado Graso no Alcohólico/metabolismo , Receptor X de Pregnano/metabolismo , Resveratrol/farmacología , Resveratrol/uso terapéutico
3.
Cell Biol Int ; 46(4): 548-553, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957648

RESUMEN

Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a form of systemic vasculitis characterized by granulomatous inflammation of the upper and lower airways, vasculitis, and necrotizing glomerulonephritis. It is strongly associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies against proteinase 3 (PR3-ANCAs). Various in vitro observations provided strong evidence that autoimmune PR3-ANCAs are directly involved in glomerular and vascular inflammation. However, little is known about the pathogenic significance of PR3-ANCAs in vivo. Therefore, the generation of animal models helped to validate the suggested autoimmune origin and pathophysiology in WG. To characterize and improve the models, numerous studies were carried out to elucidate the effect of mouse/rat PR3-ANCAs on neutrophil function as well as the role of CD4/CD8 in T and B cells and antibodies in the pathogenesis of the disease. Understanding the pathogenesis is therefore critical to relate these models to human studies hoping that they will be useful for better insight of WG and the development of specific therapies for the disease.


Asunto(s)
Granulomatosis con Poliangitis , Animales , Anticuerpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Ratones , Mieloblastina , Neutrófilos , Ratas
4.
Acta Histochem ; 124(2): 151856, 2022 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35077998

RESUMEN

Neuroblastoma is a metastatic brain tumor particularly common in children. The cure rate is below 50% for patients of high-risk condition. Novel therapeutic agents and approaches are needed to improve the cure rate. Tumor necrosis factor-related and apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising proapoptotic factor that rapidly induces apoptosis preferentially in transformed and cancerous cells. Unfortunately, the common TRAIL resistance in cancers has hampered the clinical application of the ligand. Previously we prepared a novel TRAIL-armed ER derived nanosomal agent (ERN-T) that overcomes TRAIL resistance in some cancer lines when combined with a synthetic antagonist of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs), AZD5582. However, how AZD5582 sensitizes cancer cells to ERN-T remains not well understood. In this study we continued to test the therapeutic efficacy of the combinatory therapy of ERN-T and AZD5582 on neuroblastoma, aiming to reveal the molecular mechanism underlying the synergism between AZD5582 and ERN-T. The obtained data revealed that ERN-Ts overcame TRAIL resistance and showed significant cytotoxicity on the resistant neuroblastoma line SH-SH5Y when combined with AZD5582 whilst sparing normal cells. The combination of low doses of ERN-Ts and AZD5582 induced intensive apoptosis in SH-SY5Y but not in normal skin fibroblasts (NSFs). Importantly we discovered that TRAIL sensitization in SH-SY5Y was associated with the concomitant downregulation of antiapoptotic factors cFLIP, MCL-1 and IAPs and upregulation of proapoptotic protein BAX and the death receptor 5 (DR5) by the cotreatment of ERN-T and AZD5582. In vivo study demonstrated that the combination of ERN-T and AZD5582 constituted a highly effective and safe therapy for subcutaneous SH-SY5Y xenograft neuroblastoma in nude mice. In conclusion, we identified that the concomitant regulation of both antiapoptotic and proapoptotic factors and DR5 is an essential molecular mechanism for overcoming TRAIL resistance in SH-SY5Y and the combination of ERN-T and AZD5582 potentially constitutes a novel therapeutic strategy, which is highly effective and safe for neuroblastoma.


Asunto(s)
Neuroblastoma , Ligando Inductor de Apoptosis Relacionado con TNF , Alquinos , Animales , Apoptosis , Línea Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Ratones , Ratones Desnudos , Neuroblastoma/tratamiento farmacológico , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/patología , Oligopéptidos , Ligando Inductor de Apoptosis Relacionado con TNF/farmacología , Ligando Inductor de Apoptosis Relacionado con TNF/uso terapéutico
5.
Clin Exp Allergy ; 52(1): 115-126, 2022 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431147

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Genetic variants of dipeptidyl peptidase 10 (DPP10) have been suggested to contribute to the development of NSAID-exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD). However, the mechanisms of how DPP10 contributes to NERD phenotypes remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the exact role of DPP10 in the pathogenesis of NERD. METHODS: Patients with NERD (n = 110), those with aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA, n = 130) and healthy control subjects (HCs, n = 80) were enrolled. Clinical characteristics were analysed according to the serum DPP10 levels in both NERD and ATA groups. The function of DPP10 in airway inflammation and remodelling was investigated with in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo experiments. RESULTS: NERD patients had higher levels of serum DPP10 and TGF-ß1 with lower FEV1 than ATA patients or HCs (p < .05 for each). NERD patients with higher DPP10 levels had higher TGF-ß1, but lower FEV1 (p < .05 for all), whilst no differences were noted in ATA patients. Moreover, the seum DPP10 levels had a positive correlation with TGF-ß1 (r = 0.384, p < .001), but a negative correlation with FEV1 (r = -0.230, p = .016) in NERD patients. In in vitro studies, expression of DPP10 in airway epithelial cells was enhanced by TGF-ß1 treatments. Furthermore, DPP10 was found to be produced from immune cells and this molecule induced the ERK phosphorylation in airway epithelial cells, which was suppressed by anti-DPP10 treatment. In asthmatic mouse models, increased levels of DPP10 in the serum and TGF-ß1 in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were noted, which were suppressed by anti-DPP10 treatment. Moreover, anti-DPP10 treatment inhibited the ERK phosphorylation and extracellular matrix deposition in the lungs. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: These findings suggest that increased production of DPP10 may contribute to TGF-ß1-mediated airway dysfunction in NERD patients, where blockade of DPP10 may have potential benefits.


Asunto(s)
Asma , Dipeptidil-Peptidasas y Tripeptidil-Peptidasas/metabolismo , Enfermedades Respiratorias , Animales , Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos , Asma/metabolismo , Dipeptidil-Peptidasas y Tripeptidil-Peptidasas/genética , Humanos , Pulmón/metabolismo , Ratones , Enfermedades Respiratorias/patología , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta1
6.
Neuropeptides ; 92: 102224, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34998113

RESUMEN

In female mammals, reproductive senescence is a complex process involving progressive ovarian dysfunction, associated with altered central control of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and desynchronization of the circadian system. The objective of this study was to investigate age-dependent changes in the daily regulation of Arg-Phe amide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3), a hypothalamic peptide involved in reproduction, in female C57BL/6 J mice of different age groups (4, 13, and 19 months old) sampled at their diestrus stage. We found an age-dependent decrease in the total number of RFRP-3 neurons and in the relative number of activated (i.e. c-Fos-positive) RFRP-3 neurons. RFRP-3 neuronal activation exhibited a daily variation in young and middle-aged mice, which was abolished in 19-month-old mice. We also found a daily variation in the number of RFRP-3 neurons receiving close vasopressin (AVP)- and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)-ergic fiber appositions in mice aged 4 and 13 months, but not in 19-month-old mice. However, we found no daily or age-dependent changes in the AVP and VIP fiber density in the dorsomedial hypothalamus. Plasma LH levels were similar in mice aged 4 and 13 months, but were markedly increased in 19-month-old mice. The present findings indicate that the number of RFRP-3 positive neurons is downregulated during old age and that the daily changes in their innervation by the circadian peptides AVP and VIP are abolished. This age-associated reduced (rhythmic) activity of the inhibitory RFRP-3 system could be implicated in the elevated LH secretion observed during reproductive senescence.


Asunto(s)
Hormona Luteinizante , Neuropéptidos , Animales , Femenino , Mamíferos , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Neuronas , Neuropéptidos/farmacología , Péptido Intestinal Vasoactivo
7.
Cell Tissue Res ; 387(2): 261-274, 2022 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816282

RESUMEN

Circadian rhythms are those variations in behavioral and molecular processes of organisms that follow roughly 24 h cycles in the absence of any external cue. The hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) harbors the principal brain pacemaker driving circadian rhythms. The epithalamic habenula (Hb) contains a self-sustained circadian clock functionally coupled to the SCN. Anatomically, the Hb projects to the midbrain dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) systems, and it receives inputs from the forebrain, midbrain, and brainstem. The SCN is set by internal signals such as 5-HT or melatonin from the raphe nuclei and pineal gland, respectively. However, how the Hb clock is set by internal cues is not well characterized. Hence, in the present study, we determined whether DA, noradrenaline (NA), 5-HT, and the neuropeptides orexin (ORX) and vasopressin influence the Hb circadian clock. Using PER2::Luciferase transgenic mice, we found that the amplitude of the PER2 protein circadian oscillations from Hb explants was strongly affected by DA and NA. Importantly, these effects were dose-and region (rostral vs. caudal) dependent for NA, with a main effect in the caudal part of the Hb. Furthermore, ORX also induced a significant change in the amplitude of PER2 protein oscillations in the caudal Hb. In conclusion, catecholaminergic (DA, NA) and ORXergic transmission impacts the clock properties of the Hb clock likely contributing to the circadian regulation of motivated behaviors. Accordingly, pathological conditions that lead in alterations of catecholamine or ORX activity (drug intake, compulsive feeding) might affect the Hb clock and conduct to circadian disturbances.


Asunto(s)
Relojes Circadianos , Habénula , Animales , Catecolaminas/metabolismo , Ritmo Circadiano , Habénula/metabolismo , Ratones , Ratones Transgénicos , Proteínas Circadianas Period/genética , Proteínas Circadianas Period/metabolismo , Núcleo Supraquiasmático/metabolismo
8.
MAbs ; 14(1): 2020203, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35133949

RESUMEN

Despite recent advances in transgenic animal models and display technologies, humanization of mouse sequences remains one of the main routes for therapeutic antibody development. Traditionally, humanization is manual, laborious, and requires expert knowledge. Although automation efforts are advancing, existing methods are either demonstrated on a small scale or are entirely proprietary. To predict the immunogenicity risk, the human-likeness of sequences can be evaluated using existing humanness scores, but these lack diversity, granularity or interpretability. Meanwhile, immune repertoire sequencing has generated rich antibody libraries such as the Observed Antibody Space (OAS) that offer augmented diversity not yet exploited for antibody engineering. Here we present BioPhi, an open-source platform featuring novel methods for humanization (Sapiens) and humanness evaluation (OASis). Sapiens is a deep learning humanization method trained on the OAS using language modeling. Based on an in silico humanization benchmark of 177 antibodies, Sapiens produced sequences at scale while achieving results comparable to that of human experts. OASis is a granular, interpretable and diverse humanness score based on 9-mer peptide search in the OAS. OASis separated human and non-human sequences with high accuracy, and correlated with clinical immunogenicity. BioPhi thus offers an antibody design interface with automated methods that capture the richness of natural antibody repertoires to produce therapeutics with desired properties and accelerate antibody discovery campaigns. The BioPhi platform is accessible at https://biophi.dichlab.org and https://github.com/Merck/BioPhi.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Profundo , Animales , Anticuerpos , Ratones
9.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 45(3): 360-363, 2022 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937813

RESUMEN

In this study, we investigated the effects of fosphenytoin (fPHT), a water-soluble prodrug of phenytoin, on the pain responses of a mouse herpes zoster (HZ) pain model. Transdermal herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) inoculation induced mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia of the hind paw and spontaneous pain-like behaviors, such as licking the affected skin. Intravenous injection of fPHT (15 and 30 mg/kg) alleviated HSV-1-induced provoked pain (allodynia and hyperalgesia). The suppressive effects of fPHT on provoked pain were weaker than those of diclofenac and pregabalin which were used as positive controls. fPHT, diclofenac, and pregabalin significantly suppressed HSV-1-induced spontaneous pain-like behaviors. Among them, high-dose fPHT (30 mg/kg) showed the strongest suppression. Intravenous fPHT may become a viable option for an acute HZ pain, especially for spontaneous pain.


Asunto(s)
Herpes Simple , Herpesvirus Humano 1 , Animales , Herpes Simple/tratamiento farmacológico , Hiperalgesia/tratamiento farmacológico , Ratones , Dolor/tratamiento farmacológico , Fenitoína/análogos & derivados , Fenitoína/farmacología , Fenitoína/uso terapéutico
10.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 45(3): 309-315, 2022 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937830

RESUMEN

Anti-angiogenic gene therapy is a promising strategy in treating cancer. Endostatin and angiostatin are widely used in tumor anti-angiogenesis therapy. Our previous studies have shown that the BDS-hEA, a baculovirus long-term expressing the fusion protein of human endostatin and angiostatin, has a favorable effect in inhibiting the growth and angiogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to further investigate its synergistic antitumor efficiency in combination with low-dose chemotherapeutic gemcitabine (GEM) on the subcutaneous hepatocellular carcinoma xenograft model in nude mice. The results showed that the combined group significantly inhibited (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01 or p < 0.001) the growth of tumor weight and volume, reduced the expression of ki67 (cell proliferation marker), CD31 (angiogenic marker) and Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9, tumor invasion and metastasis marker) and increased the apoptosis of tumor cells compared with the monotherapy and control groups, respectively. Synergistic index results showed that BDS-hEA combined with GEM had a synergistic effect in inhibiting tumor volume, proliferation, microvessel density, metastasis and promoting tumor apoptosis. Furthermore, there were no metastatic nodules and obvious pathological changes in liver tissue of the combined group, and the serum liver function indicators aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total bilirubin (T-BIL), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) were significantly reduced (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01 or p < 0.001) in the BDS-hEA or GEM groups compared with the control group. Notably, the combined therapy showed lower levels of liver function indicators than the GEM group. These data support the view that the combination of BDS-hEA and GEM has a synergistic anti-tumor properties and can reduce the damage of liver to certain extent.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Inhibidores de la Angiogénesis/uso terapéutico , Angiostatinas/genética , Angiostatinas/uso terapéutico , Animales , Baculoviridae , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamiento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Endostatinas/genética , Endostatinas/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Ratones , Ratones Desnudos
11.
Cell Biol Int ; 46(3): 475-487, 2022 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939719

RESUMEN

Mutations of PSEN1 have been reported in dilated cardiomyopathy pedigrees. Understanding the effects and mechanisms of PSEN1 in cardiomyocytes might have important implications for treatment of heart diseases. Here, we showed that PSEN1 was downregulated in ischemia-induced failing hearts. Functionally, cardiovascular specific PSEN1 deletion led to spontaneous death of the mice due to cardiomyopathy. At the age of 11 months, the ratio of the heart weight/body weight was slightly lower in the Sm22a-PSEN1-KO mice compared with that of the WT mice. Echocardiography showed that the percentage of ejection fraction and fractional shortening was significantly reduced in the Sm22a-PSEN1-KO group compared with the percent of these measures in the WT group, indicating that PSEN1-KO resulted in heart failure. The abnormally regulated genes resulted from PSEN1-KO were detected to be enriched in muscle development and dilated cardiomyopathy. Among them, several genes encode Ca2+ ion channels, promoting us to investigate the effects of PSEN1 KO on regulation of Ca2+ in isolated adult cardiomyocytes. Consistently, in isolated adult cardiomyocytes, PSEN1-KO increased the concentration of cytosolic Ca2+ and reduced Ca2+ concentration inside the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) lumen at the resting stage. Additionally, SR Ca2+ was decreased in the failing hearts of WT mice, but with the lowest levels observed in the failing hearts of PSEN1 knockout mice. These results indicate that the process of Ca2+ release from SR into cytoplasm was affected by PSEN1 KO. Therefore, the abnormalities in Ca2+ homeostasis resulted from downregulation of PSEN1 in failing hearts might contribute to aging-related cardiomyopathy, which might had important implications for the treatment of aging-related heart diseases.


Asunto(s)
Calcio , Cardiomiopatía Dilatada , Animales , Cardiomiopatía Dilatada/genética , Homeostasis , Ratones , Ratones Noqueados , Miocitos Cardíacos/fisiología , Retículo Sarcoplasmático
12.
Transl Psychiatry ; 12(1): 77, 2022 02 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35197453

RESUMEN

Serotonergic psychedelic drugs, such as psilocin (4-hydroxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine), profoundly alter the quality of consciousness through mechanisms which are incompletely understood. Growing evidence suggests that a single psychedelic experience can positively impact long-term psychological well-being, with relevance for the treatment of psychiatric disorders, including depression. A prominent factor associated with psychiatric disorders is disturbed sleep, and the sleep-wake cycle is implicated in the homeostatic regulation of neuronal activity and synaptic plasticity. However, it remains largely unknown to what extent psychedelic agents directly affect sleep, in terms of both acute arousal and homeostatic sleep regulation. Here, chronic electrophysiological recordings were obtained in mice to track sleep-wake architecture and cortical activity after psilocin injection. Administration of psilocin led to delayed REM sleep onset and reduced NREM sleep maintenance for up to approximately 3 h after dosing, and the acute EEG response was associated primarily with an enhanced oscillation around 4 Hz. No long-term changes in sleep-wake quantity were found. When combined with sleep deprivation, psilocin did not alter the dynamics of homeostatic sleep rebound during the subsequent recovery period, as reflected in both sleep amount and EEG slow-wave activity. However, psilocin decreased the recovery rate of sleep slow-wave activity following sleep deprivation in the local field potentials of electrodes targeting the medial prefrontal and surrounding cortex. It is concluded that psilocin affects both global vigilance state control and local sleep homeostasis, an effect which may be relevant for its antidepressant efficacy.


Asunto(s)
Electroencefalografía , Sueño , Animales , Encéfalo/fisiología , Humanos , Ratones , Psilocibina/análogos & derivados , Sueño/fisiología , Privación de Sueño , Vigilia
13.
Environ Pollut ; 302: 119062, 2022 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35231537

RESUMEN

Lead is a metal that exists naturally in the Earth's crust and is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant. The alleviation of lead toxicity is important to keep human health under lead exposure. Biosynthesized selenium nanoparticle (SeNPs) and selenium-enriched Lactobacillus rhamnosus SHA113 (Se-LRS) were developed in this study, and their potentials in alleviating lead-induced injury to the liver and intestinal tract were evaluated in mice by oral administration for 4 weeks. As results, oral intake of lead acetate (150 mg/kg body weight per day) caused more than 50 times and 100 times lead accumulation in blood and the liver, respectively. Liver function was seriously damaged by the lead exposure, which is indicated as the significantly increased lipid accumulation in the liver, enhanced markers of liver function injury in serum, and occurrence of oxidative stress in liver tissues. Serious injury in intestinal tract was also found under lead exposure, as shown by the decrease of intestinal microbiota diversity and occurrence of oxidative stress. Except the lead content in blood and the liver were lowered by 52% and 58%, respectively, oral administration of Se-LRS protected all the other lead-induced injury markers to the normal level. By the comparison with the effects of normal L. rhamnosus SHA113 and the SeNPs isolated from Se-LRS, high protective effects of Se-LRS can be explained as the extremely high efficiency to promote lead excretion via feces by forming insoluble mixture. These findings illustrate the developed selenium-enriched L. rhamnosus can efficiently protect the liver and intestinal tract from injury by lead.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Intestinales , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Selenio , Animales , Plomo/toxicidad , Hígado , Ratones , Selenio/farmacología
14.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 24(1): 157-166, 2022 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542805

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: In this study we compared the recently developed TSPO tracer [18F]F-DPA, with [18F]DPA-714 and [11C]PBR28 by performing in vivo PET imaging on the same Alzheimer's disease mouse model APP/PS1-21 (TG) and wild-type (WT) mice with all three radiotracers. PROCEDURES: To compare the radiotracer uptake, percentage of injected dose/mL (%ID/mL), standardized uptake value ratios to cerebellum (SUVRCB), and voxel-wise analyses were performed. RESULTS: The peak uptake of [18F]F-DPA was higher than 4.3% ID/mL, while [18F]DPA-714 reached just over 3% ID/mL, and [11C]PBR28 was over 4% ID/mL in only one brain region in the WT mice. The peak/60-min uptake ratios of [18F]F-DPA were significantly higher (p < 0.001) than those of [18F]DPA-714 and [11C]PBR28. The differences in [18F]F-DPA SUVRCB between WT and TG mice were highly significant (p < 0.001) in the three studied time periods after injection. [18F]DPA-714 uptake was significantly higher in TG mice starting in the 20-40-min timeframe and increased thereafter, whereas [11C]PBR28 uptake became significant at 10-20 min (p < 0.05). The voxel-wise analysis confirmed the differences between the radiotracers. CONCLUSIONS: [18F]F-DPA displays higher brain uptake, higher TG-to-WT SUVRCB ratios, and faster clearance than [18F]DPA-714 and [11C]PBR28, and could prove useful for detecting low levels of inflammation and allow for shorter dynamic PET scans.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagen , Animales , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Ratones , Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones/métodos , Pirazoles , Pirimidinas
15.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 4564471, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35308167

RESUMEN

The polarization of microglia is recognized as a crucial factor in reducing neuroinflammation and promoting hematoma clearance after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Previous studies have revealed that redox components participate in the regulation of microglial polarization. Recently, the novel Nrf2 activator omaveloxolone (Omav) has been validated to improve neurological function in patients with neurodegenerative disorders by regulating antioxidant responses. In this study, we examined the efficacy of Omav in ICH. Omav significantly promoted Nrf2 nuclear accumulation and the expression of HO-1 and NQO1 in BV2 cells. In addition, both in vitro and in vivo experiments showed that Omav treatment inhibited M1-like activation and promoted the activation of the M2-like microglial phenotype. Omav inhibited OxyHb-induced ROS generation and preserved the function of mitochondria in BV2 cells. Intraperitoneal administration of Omav improved sensorimotor function in the ICH mouse model. Importantly, these effects were blocked by pretreatment with ML385, a selective inhibitor of Nrf2. Collectively, Omav modulated microglial polarization by activating Nrf2 and inhibiting ROS generation in ICH models, suggesting that it might be a promising drug candidate for the treatment of ICH.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones Encefálicas , Microglía , Animales , Lesiones Encefálicas/tratamiento farmacológico , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicaciones , Hemorragia Cerebral/tratamiento farmacológico , Hemorragia Cerebral/metabolismo , Humanos , Ratones , Microglía/metabolismo , Factor 2 Relacionado con NF-E2/metabolismo , Fenotipo , Triterpenos
16.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 24(9): 1764–1775, septiembre 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-JHG-509

RESUMEN

PurposeTo explore the roles and underlying mechanisms of miR-1290 in determining the sensitivity of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) to radiation therapy.MethodsELISA was performed to detect the levels of IL-18 and IL-1β in radiosensitive cells and serum samples. The level of miR-1290 in radiosensitive cells and tissues was assessed by qRT–PCR assay. A luciferase reporter assay was performed to confirm NLRP3 as the target of miR-1290. Functionally, the roles of miR-1290 in TNBC radioresistance were analyzed by transfection of either miR-1290 mimic or miR-1290 inhibitor. Moreover, the involvement of the miR-1290/NLRP3 axis in TNBC radioresistance was analyzed by experiments with a miR-1290 mimic and NLRP3 overexpression. MTT and colony formation assays were used to detect radiation-induced cell viability and proliferation. qRT–PCR and western blot assays were used to detect pyroptosis markers (NLRP3, ACS and caspase-1).ResultsThe results showed that radioresistance in TNBC cells was associated with a reduction in pyroptosis. miR-1290 expression was increased in radioresistant cells, and it had higher expression levels in the radioresistant tumor tissues of TNBC patients compared to the radiosensitive samples. The miR-1290 mimic suppressed radiation-induced pyroptosis and reduced the radiosensitivity of TNBC cells. Moreover, we found that NLRP3 was a potential target of miR-1290. Overexpression of NLRP3 partly reversed the effects of miR-1290 on pyroptosis and radioresistance. The mouse models showed that miR-1290 suppressed tumor size, tumor weight and pyroptosis.ConclusionsmiR-1290/NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis may play an important role in determining radioresistance in TNBC and serve as a novel therapeutic option. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Ratones , MicroARNs/genética , Neoplasias de la Mama/genética , Neoplasias de la Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias de la Mama/radioterapia , Piroptosis , Tolerancia a Radiación/genética
17.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915936

RESUMEN

Objective: To observe the effect of silicon dioxide (SiO(2)) on the polarization of alveolar macrophages (AMs) , and to explore the expressions and the significance of signal transducer and activator of transcription-6 (STAT-6) /Krüppel-like factor-4 (KLF-4) /peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors-γ (PPAR-γ) signaling molecules in AMs. Methods: In November 2020, C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into crystalline SiO(2) group and normal saline (NS) group, and 12 mice in each group. Mice were intratracheally instillated with 100 µl crystalline SiO(2) suspension (20 mg/ml) or 100 µl NS, and were sacrificed after 28 days. Masson staining was used to observe the degree of pulmonary fibrosis of mice and hydroxyproline (HYP) level were assessed. The proportions of M1-typed and M2-typed AMs in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BLAF) were analyzed by flow cytometry. The mRNA relative expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) , arginidase-1 (Arg-1) , interleukin (IL) -1ß, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) , IL-6, IL-10, transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) , STAT-6, KLF-4 and PPAR-γ were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Activities of iNOS and Arg-1, as well as contents of IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-ß were assessed by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent. The protein relative expression levels of phosphorylation-signal transducer and activator of transcription-6 (p-STAT-6) , KLF-4 and PPAR-γ were evaluated by immunofluorescence. Results: After 28 days of treatment, the structure of the lung tissue of the mice was destroyed, and the deposition of collagen was significantly increased in the crystalline SiO(2) group. Compared with NS group, HYP level of lung tissue in crystalline SiO(2) group were increased, the proportion of M2-typed AMs in crystalline SiO(2) group was increased, the proportion of M1-typed AMs in crystalline SiO(2) group was decreased, the mRNA relative expressions and contents of Arg-1, IL-10, TGF-ß in crystalline SiO(2) group were significantly increased, the mRNA relative expressions and contents of iNOS, IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6 in crystalline SiO(2) group were significantly decreased, the mRNA of STAT-6, KLF-4, PPAR-γ and the protein relative expression levels of p-STAT-6, KLF-4, PPAR-γ were significantly increased in crystalline SiO(2) group, and the the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Crystalline SiO(2) may mediate the process of pulmonary fibrosis through promote AMs polarization toward M2-typed by activating the STAT-6/KLF-4/PPAR-γ signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Macrófagos Alveolares , Fibrosis Pulmonar , Animales , Interleucina-10/efectos adversos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Factor 4 Similar a Kruppel , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Macrófagos Alveolares/patología , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , PPAR gamma/metabolismo , PPAR gamma/farmacología , Fibrosis Pulmonar/metabolismo , ARN Mensajero/metabolismo , Dióxido de Silicio/toxicidad , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta/genética , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
18.
FASEB J ; 36(9): e22452, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916017

RESUMEN

House dust mite (HDM) allergens cause inflammatory responses and chronic allergic diseases such as bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis. Here, we investigate the mechanism by which HDM induces C-C chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) expression to promote chronic inflammation and airway remodeling in an HDM-induced bronchial asthma mouse model. We showed that HDM increased CCL20 levels via the Akt-ERK1/2-C/EBPß pathway. To investigate the role of CCL20 in chronic airway inflammation and remodeling, we made a mouse model of CCL20-induced bronchial asthma. Treatment of anti-CCL20Ab in this mouse model showed the reduced airway hyper-responsiveness and inflammatory cell infiltration into peribronchial region by neutralizing CCL20. In addition, CCL20 induced the Nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation through NLRP3 deubiquitination and transcriptional upregulation in BEAS-2B cells. As expected, anti-CCL20Ab markedly suppressed NLRP3 activation induced by CCL20. Moreover, HDM-induced CCL20 leads to epithelial-mesenchymal transition in the lung epithelium which appears to be an important regulator of airway remodeling in allergic asthma. We also found that anti-CCL20Ab attenuates airway inflammation and remodeling in an HDM-induced mouse model of bronchial asthma. Taken together, our results suggest that HDM-induced CCL20 is required for chronic inflammation that contributes airway remodeling in a mouse model of asthma.


Asunto(s)
Asma , Pyroglyphidae , Remodelación de las Vías Aéreas (Respiratorias) , Animales , Asma/metabolismo , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Transición Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Inflamación/complicaciones , Ligandos , Pulmón/metabolismo , Sistema de Señalización de MAP Quinasas , Ratones , Proteína con Dominio Pirina 3 de la Familia NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo
19.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 937281, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909554

RESUMEN

Benzene is a ubiquitous pollutant and mainly accumulates in adipose tissue which has important roles in metabolic diseases. The latest studies reported that benzene exposure was associated with many metabolic disorders, while the effect of benzene exposure on adipose tissue remains unclear. We sought to investigate the effect using in vivo and in vitro experiments. Male adult C57BL/6J mice were exposed to benzene at 0, 1, 10 and 100 mg/kg body weight by intragastric gavage for 4 weeks. Mature adipocytes from 3T3-L1 cells were exposed to hydroquinone (HQ) at 0, 1, 5 and 25 µM for 24 hours. Besides the routine hematotoxicity, animal experiments also displayed significant body fat content decrease from 1 mg/kg. Interestingly, the circulating non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) level increased from the lowest dose (p trend < 0.05). Subsequent analysis indicated that body fat content decrease may be due to atrophy of white adipose tissue (WAT) upon benzene exposure. The average adipocyte area of WAT decreased significantly even from 1 mg/kg with no significant changes in total number of adipocytes. The percentages of small and large adipocytes in WAT began to significantly increase or decrease from 1 mg/kg (all p < 0.05), respectively. Critical genes involved in lipogenesis and lipolysis were dysregulated, which may account for the disruption of lipid homeostasis. The endocrine function of WAT was also disordered, manifested as significant decrease in adipokine levels, especially the leptin. In vitro cell experiments displayed similar findings in decreased fat content, dysregulated critical lipid metabolism genes, and disturbed endocrine function of adipocytes after HQ treatment. Pearson correlation analysis showed positive correlations between white blood cell (WBC) count with WAT fat content and plasma leptin level (r = 0.330, 0.344, both p < 0.05). This study shed light on the novel aspect that benzene exposure could induce lipodystrophy and disturb endocrine function of WAT, and the altered physiology of WAT might in turn affect benzene-induced hematotoxicity and metabolic disorders. The study provided new insight into understanding benzene-induced toxicity and the relationship between benzene and adipose tissue.


Asunto(s)
Leptina , Lipodistrofia , Tejido Adiposo Blanco/metabolismo , Animales , Benceno/metabolismo , Benceno/toxicidad , Leptina/metabolismo , Lipodistrofia/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL
20.
Nanotheranostics ; 6(4): 388-399, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912139

RESUMEN

Astatine-211 (211At) is one of the most promising α-emitters for targeted alpha therapy, especially of cancer metastases. However, the lack of a stable isotope, frequent in vivo deastatination, and limited radiochemical knowledge makes it challenging to apply. Here, we report a new strategy for radiolabeling the lipophilic core of polymeric micelles (PMs) with covalently bound 211At. The PMs were radiolabeled via either an indirect synthon-based method or directly on the amphipathic block copolymer. The radiochemistry was optimized with iodine-125 (125I) and then adapted for 211At, enabling the use of both elements as a potential theranostic pair. PMs that were core-radiolabeled with both 125I or 211At were prepared and characterized, based on a PEG(5k)-PLGA(10k) co-polymer. The stability of the radiolabeled PMs was evaluated in mouse serum for 21 h, showing radiochemical stability above 85%. After in vivo evaluation of the 211At- labeled PMs, 4-5 % ID/g of the 211At could still be detected in the blood, showing a promising in vivo stability of the PMs. Further, 211At-labeled PMs accumulated in the spleen (20-30 %ID/g) and the liver (2.5- 5.5 %ID/g), along with some detection of 211At in the thyroid (3.5-9 %ID/g). This led to the hypothesis that deastatination takes place in the liver, whereas good stability of the 211At core-radiolabel was observed in the blood.


Asunto(s)
Micelas , Medicina de Precisión , Animales , Radioisótopos de Yodo/uso terapéutico , Ratones , Polímeros/química , Radiofármacos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...