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1.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 233-242, 2021 Jun 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060303

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of several etching products prior to the application of a one-step self-etch adhesive (1-SEA) or two-step self-etch adhesive (2-SEA) on enamel by microshear bond strength (µSBS) testing and observation of the adhesive-enamel interface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ground human enamel surfaces were randomly assigned to one of eight groups according to the combination of surface treatments (either no conditioner [NC], ME [Multi Etchant], EC [Enamel Conditioner], or KE [K-etchant Gel]) and adhesive (ADU [Adhese Universal] or SE2 [Clearfil SE Bond 2]). All groups were further divided into two subgroups: 0 or 10,000 thermal cycles (TC). Then, the µSBS test was performed. The adhesive-enamel interface after acid-base challenge and the surface structure after conditioner application were also observed. RESULTS: With 10,000 TCs, there was no statistically significant difference between ME-ADU and NC-ADU. On the other hand, the µSBS of EC-ADU or KE-ADU was significantly higher than that of NC-ADU, while that of ME-SE2 was significantly lower than NC-SE2. There was no significant difference between EC-SE2, NC-SE2, and KE-SE2. Formation of an acid-base resistance zone (ABRZ) was confirmed in all groups. However, funnel-shaped erosion, which indicates interfacial defects, was observed in the NC-ADU, ME-ADU, and ME-SE2 groups. CONCLUSION: For enamel bonding, application of EC or KE prior to ADU increased the bond strength and created a stable adhesive-enamel interface. On the other hand, SE2 also had stable shear bond strength and interface without the use of conditioners. However, ME decreased the bonding performance of SE2.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos Dentales , Esmalte Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales
2.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 243-252, 2021 Jun 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060304

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of the etching strategy of universal adhesives on bond degradation to sound and artificially-induced caries-affected dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The universal adhesives (Scotchbond Universal Adhesive; All-Bond Universal; Prime&Bond Elect) and adhesives used as controls (Adper Single Bond 2 and Clearfil SE Bond) were applied to sound and artificially-induced caries-affected bovine dentin. Microtensile bond strength was evaluated immediately (24 h) and after one year of water storage (1 year). Representative specimens were also prepared to assess nanoleakage. Bond strength data (MPa) were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey's test (α = 0.05), considering each substrate separately. RESULTS: Bonding degradation was observed for all universal adhesives on caries-affected dentin, irrespective of the etching strategy. On sound dentin, bonding degradation was observed when adhesives were used on the etch-and-rinse strategy. CONCLUSION: The universal adhesives were not capable of maintaining bond stability over time on caries-affected dentin. The self-etch strategy seems better able to maintain the durability of adhesive interfaces created on sound dentin.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Caries Dental , Animales , Bovinos , Caries Dental/terapia , Susceptibilidad a Caries Dentarias , Dentina , Resistencia a la Tracción
3.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 255-265, 2021 Jun 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060305

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different surface modification methods on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of four resin-matrix CAD/CAM ceramics after artificial aging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specimens of four CAD/CAM materials (Shofu Block HC, Lava Ultimate, Brilliant Crios, and Vita Enamic) were prepared and divided into four groups. Each group received one of the following treatments: group 1 (INT): no surface modification; group 2: sandblasting with 29-µm Al2O3 particles (SB); group 3: hydrofluoric acid etching (9%) + silane (HF+Si); group 4: sandblasting with 30-µm particles of the CoJet system (CJ). The specimens of each group were luted together in pairs using resin cement (RelyX Ultimate). After one week of water storage (37°C), the sandwich specimens were sectioned into rectangular microspecimens and half of them were immediately subjected to µTBS testing, while the other half was tested after six months. Data were statistically analyzed using FFANOVA including the factors of material, treatment, and storage time, with α = 0.05. RESULTS: After one week, the lowest µTBS was observed for INT, while the highest was found for either mechanical (SB and CJ) or chemical (HF+Si) treatments (p < 0.05). After six months, a significant decrease in µTBS was observed depending on treatment (p < 0.05), while artificial aging significantly influenced the µTBS of all experimental groups (p < 0.05). During the two storage periods, the failure type was mainly interfacial and was associated with the type of surface modification. CONCLUSION: After artificial aging, the µTBS appeared to depend on srface modification, while the parameter "material" did not influence the results. Consequently, adhesive strategies should be oriented towards surface modification techniques.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Cerámica , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
4.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 267-275, 2021 Jun 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060306

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the shear bond strength of composite cement to lithium-disilicate glass-ceramic coated zirconia vs to alumina air-abraded zirconia and to analyze the residual stresses on both of lithium-disilicate glass-ceramic coated zirconia vs alumina air-abraded zirconia specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty zirconia disks (diameters 10 mm and 5 mm, 4.5 mm thick) were divided into two groups: lithium-disilicate glass-ceramic coating followed by hydrofluoric acid etching and Monobond N Primer (LiDi) or alumina air-abrasion (AA). For each group, two different sizes of identically pre-treated zirconia specimens were bonded with Multilink Speed Cement. A total of 90 specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h and then assigned to three subgroups (n = 15/test group): 1. short-term test; 2. thermocycling for 5000 cycles; 3. thermocycling for 10,000 cycles. Bond strength was tested in shear mode and results were analyzed using two-way ANOVA, followed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α = 0.05). Failure mode and surfaces were analyzed with optical and scanning electron microscopy. X-ray diffraction was used to analyze t-m phase transformation and residual stresses on mechanically pre-treated LiDi and AA surfaces. RESULTS: The LiDi groups recorded higher mean bond strength than AA groups after thermocycling (p < 0.05). Thermocycling did not affect the bond strength of either LiDi or AA groups (p > 0.05). Most of specimens in AA groups exhibited mixed failure. Alumina air-abraded surfaces exhibited higher residual compressive stresses than did surfaces with a lithium-disilicate glass-ceramic coating. CONCLUSION: Following thermocycling, composite-zirconia bond strength of specimens with a lithium-disilicate glass-ceramic coating was greater than that of alumina air-abraded specimens.


Asunto(s)
Óxido de Aluminio , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Litio , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio
5.
Int J Comput Dent ; 24(2): 133-145, 2021 Jun 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085499

RESUMEN

AIM: The positional accuracy of bracket placement planned through tooth setup vs actual placement was evaluated by means of conventional thermoplastic indirect bonding trays and customized 3D-printed indirect bonding trays. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 280 bracket positions placed on the crowns of 10 dental plaster models were evaluated. The manual setup method and a thermoplastic indirect bonding tray were used for the manual group. For the CAD/CAM group, the bracket was positioned using a digital setup and a corresponding 3D-printed tray. The positional accuracy of the bracket placement on the duplicated gypsum model using the trays was evaluated by means of 3D software. Six errors of bracket position (height, depth, mesiodistal, torque, rotation, and tip errors), including linear and angular errors, were measured. Differences in variables were compared across subgroups using the independent t test or the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: Only the height error differed significantly (P < 0.05) between groups (manual: 0.2 mm; CAD/CAM: 0.12 mm). For both incisors and molars, the manual group showed significantly greater height errors than the CAD/CAM group (P < 0.05). The analysis of variance of the position error to the whole bracket showed statistically significant differences between tooth positions, linear measurements, and angular measurements (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: A 3D-printed indirect bonding tray showed accuracy similar to that of conventional methods for bracket placement, with slightly greater bracket height accuracy. Further studies should strive to improve accuracy in terms of tooth positions.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Modelos Dentales , Humanos , Impresión Tridimensional
6.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(2): 120-123, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109347

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To explore the advantages of fiber reinforced composites veneer in repairing discolorated and defective anterior teeth. METHODS: Twenty porcelain veneers and 20 fiber reinforced composites veneers specimens of 2 cm long, 2 cm wide and 1 mm in thickness, with a longitudinal cross section of 45° incline were made. Another 40 fiber reinforced composites specimens of the same shape were used for comparison. After polishing and acid treatment of all the specimens according to clinical routine, resin cement was used for bonding the porcelain cover with resin veneers slope, and the conjunct specimens were soaked in 40 ℃ warm water for 24 h and drying; then the two groups of specimens were put were put on the pressure testing platform of the universal testing machine, with 1 mm/min testing pressure, and 1 cm2 square head was contacted on the surface of the bonding interface. Computer was used to record the fracture process of the two groups of specimens and the maximum compressive strength of bonding interface automatically. The compressive strength of the bonding interface under the same conditions was evaluated. SPSS 12.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The compressive strength of the bonding interface between fiber reinforced composites was significantly higher than that between porcelain and fiber reinforced composites(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with porcelain veneers that can not be repaired when damaged in the anterior teeth, high-strength fiber resin veneers can partially be repaired with the same material, which has obvious advantages.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Coronas con Frente Estético , Resinas Compuestas , Porcelana Dental , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Estética Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina
7.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(2): 179-186, 2021 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137232

RESUMEN

To investigate the effect of captopril on the dentin bonding durability of self-etch adhesive. Different concentrations of captopril ethanol solutions or captopril ethanol/water solutions were prepared to pretreat dentin as primer for the self-etch adhesives. The surface morphology of the dentin was observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Based on the morphology analysis, the pretreatment condition was selected and two self-etch adhesives were employed to evaluate the improvement effect of the captopril pretreatment on the dentin bonding durability. : SEM showed that the pretreatment of captopril ethanol solutions and captopril ethanol/water solutions were able to remove the smear lay and partially expose collagen matrix. According to the SEM results, the pretreating condition of captopril ethanol/water solution with the pretreating time of was selected for further dentin bonding study. For Clearfil SEBOND system, the immediate bonding strength increased from to  (<0.05). After one-year aging, the bonding strength of the control group decreased markedly [(22.90±6.82) MPa, <0.05]; while the bonding strength of the captopril pretreated group kept steadily >0.05]. For Clearfil S BOND system, there was no significant difference in the immediate bonding strength between the experimental group [(4.07) MPa] and the control group[(4.11) MPa]. But after one-year aging, the bonding strength of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group <0.05]. : The pretreatment with captopril ethanol/water solution increases the dentin bonding strength of the self-etch adhesive systems and also improves the bonding durability.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Adhesivos , Captopril , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina
8.
Arch Oral Biol ; 127: 105148, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022546

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to synthesize and characterize an experimental primer containing cationic lipid nanoparticles (NPL-chitosan) and to evaluate its properties. DESIGN: The NPL-chitosan were synthesized by emulsion and sonication method. The experimental primers were applied in dentin surface of fifty human molars. The experimental groups were: 1) application of commercial primer; 2) Primer containing 2% of Chlorhexidine (CHX) 3); Primer with 2% NPL-chitosan 4); Primer with 0.6 % of NPL-chitosan 5); Primer with 0.4 % of NPL-chitosan. A composite resin plateau was used for the analysis, where sections were made for making the dentin beams. The effect of experimental primer with cationic nanoparticles in the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity was carrying out by in situ zymography. For the Resin-Dentin Adhesive Strength and in situ Zymography analysis, was used the One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with significance level of 95 %. RESULTS: Spherical NPL-chitosan presented size below 220 nm, polydispersity index of 0.179 and zeta potential positive and was stable over 75 days. These nanoparticles showed antibacterial activity agsainst S. mutans with MIC of the 0.4 % and MBC of 0.67 %. In the Microtensile Strength, no statistical difference was observed between the experimental groups (p = 0.9054). The in situ zymography assay showed that the group with 2% of NPL-chitosan presented higher inactivation activity of MMPs compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The experimental primer containing NPL-chitosan has antimicrobial activity, does not alter the adhesive resistance and inactivates MMPs present in dentin.


Asunto(s)
Quitosano , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Nanopartículas , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales/farmacología , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Metaloproteasas , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia a la Tracción
9.
Am J Dent ; 34(2): 80-86, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940664

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the effect on micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) of a double layer application of three universal adhesives applied in self-etch mode to proximal dentin/cementum gingival margins of class II direct composite restorations, immediately and after 12 months water storage. METHODS: 66 molars with compound class II cavities, with gingival margin 1 mm below CEJ, were divided into three groups according to the universal adhesive used. The adhesives evaluated included All-Bond Universal (AB), Single Bond Universal (SB), and Prime&Bond Elect (PB). The groups were further subdivided according to adhesive application technique, either single layer or double layer application. All teeth were restored with the same nanofilled resin composite. µTBS were examined at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute after 24 hours or 12 months water storage. Fracture mode was assessed under stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's post hoc test (P< 0.05). RESULTS: The double layer application µTBS values were significantly higher than single layer application in all groups. Regardless of the type of adhesive or application technique, all subgroups showed significantly decreased bond strength after aging. There were significant lower µTBS values for AB adhesive compared with the other two adhesives that demonstrated no significant differences between them. The double layer application technique was effective in enhancing µTBS values of all tested adhesives bonded to proximal dentin/cementum gingival margins compared to single layer application. Regardless of application technique, all tested adhesives were incapable of defying long-term water aging. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The double layer application technique may be recommended to enhance the bonding durability of universal adhesives to face challenges in bonding to dentin-cementum cervical margins.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Cementos Dentales , Cemento Dental , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina
10.
Int J Comput Dent ; 24(1): 77-88, 2021 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006065

RESUMEN

For restoring extensive cavities in severely damaged or decayed posterior teeth, especially those with thin walls, indirect restorations are recommended rather than direct fillings. Regarding indirect restorations for inlays and onlays, composite resin-based CAD/CAM materials are considered to have several advantages over ceramics such as easy manufacturing, lower cost, and simpler repairability. A case is presented in this article in which the treatment plan and protocol combine multiple evidence-based clinical techniques such as immediate dentin sealing (IDS), cavity design optimization (CDO), and cervical margin relocation (CMR). For CDO and CMR, two different types of flowable composite resins with different viscosities were used. Restoring such extensively damaged teeth using a defect-oriented adhesive technique is considered a challenge both in terms of the preservation of healthy tooth structure and the proper isolation for adhesive luting. The IDS technique was used to enhance the bonding to the remaining dentin, while CDO was performed to avoid unnecessary removal of vital tooth structure, for example, undercuts. The deep subgingival margins were elevated using the CMR technique to facilitate the impression taking and a contamination-free luting of the final restoration. Combining the aforementioned techniques enabled a defect-oriented, minimally invasive restoration of a severely decayed tooth. The aim of this article is to present those techniques in a simplified way through a clinical case as a step-by-step guide for the practitioner.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Incrustaciones , Cerámica , Resinas Compuestas , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Humanos , Cementos de Resina
11.
Gen Dent ; 69(3): 52-56, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908879

RESUMEN

This study evaluated the effect of fiber post customization and laser application on the results of pull-out tests in endodontically treated teeth. Forty-eight bovine incisors were stored in aqueous 2% formaldehyde (pH 7.0) for 30 days. At the end of the storage period, the incisors were scraped with No. 11/12 periodontal curettes, rinsed with water and sodium bicarbonate, and stored in 0.9% saline solution for 7 days. Roots with similar shape and dimensions were selected and sectioned to a standard 17-mm length. Root canals were prepared and filled to a depth of 12 mm. The roots were divided into 4 groups (n = 12): 1, conventional fiber post and no laser application; 2, customized fiber post and no laser application; 3, conventional fiber post and laser application; and 4, customized fiber post and laser application. After removal of the obturation material for post space preparation, the canals were enlarged, and a laser beam was applied to the roots of teeth in groups 3 and 4 as an auxiliary disinfection procedure. After cementation of the posts, a pull-out test was performed using an axial tensile load at 0.5 mm/min in a universal testing machine. Analysis of variance and the Tukey test were used for statistical analysis of the results. The mean (SD) maximum tensile force was 10.18 (4.73) kgf in group 1, 38.89 (6.49) kgf in group 2, 27.74 (10.07) kgf in group 3, and 38.92 (6.89) kgf in group 4. These values were significantly higher in groups 2 and 4 than in group 1 (P < 0.05). The customization of fiber posts used for the restoration of pulpless teeth resulted in significantly (P < 0.05) greater pull-out test values, a thinner cement layer, and improved retention.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Técnica de Perno Muñón , Diente no Vital , Animales , Bovinos , Cavidad Pulpar , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Vidrio , Humanos , Rayos Láser , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina
12.
Dent Mater J ; 40(3): 781-791, 2021 May 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814532

RESUMEN

To evaluate the bonding reliability of a universal adhesive compared to a commercial ceramic repair system for metal-ceramic cracks. In vitro part: sixty specimens with porcelain, metal and porcelain-metal substrate were fabricated. Half specimens were bonded by Singlebond Universal adhesive and Filtek Z350 resin composite. The other were processed by Ceramic Repair N. Shear bond strength was tested. In vivo part: forty patients with sixty ceramic fractured porcelain-fused-metal restorations were involved. Half were repaired by Singlebond Universal and Filtek Z350. The other were restored by Ceramic Repair N. The mean observation period was 65 weeks. Results showed the bond strength ranged from 13.97 MPa to 15.85 MPa using two different repair system on different substrate with no statistical difference. There was no statistical difference between the two adhesive system in survival rate according to Kaplan-Meier analysis. The universal adhesive had a similar repair performance compared to commercial ceramic repair system.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cerámica , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Porcelana Dental , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
13.
J Orthod ; 48(1): 13-23, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843329

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess the transfer accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) printed transfer trays and compare them with transfer trays made up of polyvinyl siloxane (PVS) for use in indirect bonding. DESIGN: This was a two-arm parallel prospective randomised controlled trial. SETTING: The trial was undertaken at the outpatient department of a dental college. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 30 patients (18 men, 12 women) were randomly allocated to two groups. METHODS: The inclusion criteria included patients with permanent and fully erupted dentition (age range = 17-24 years), Angles class I malocclusion with crowding <3 mm requiring non-extraction treatment, good oral hygiene and no previous history of orthodontic treatment. Blinding was applicable only for outcome assessment. Indirect bonding was performed by the primary investigator for both the groups. Digital images of the pre-transfer and post-transfer brackets were obtained by means of an intra-oral scanner and compared using software. Superimpositions of pre- and post-transfer images were done to determine the transfer error for linear and angular variables for all tooth types. RESULTS: A total of 600 teeth were bonded, 300 each for both groups. Statistically significant differences were observed in all dimension between the two groups, with 3D-printed trays being more accurate than PVS trays except in the vertical dimension (P < 0.05). The prevalence of clinically unacceptable transfer errors revealed that most of the transfer errors were in the vertical dimensions for 3D-printed trays. CONCLUSION: 3D-printed trays are more accurate than PVS trays except for transfers in vertical dimension.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Maloclusión Clase I de Angle , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Modelos Dentales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Prospectivos , Adulto Joven
14.
Braz Dent J ; 32(1): 85-90, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914007

RESUMEN

This study evaluated the chemical composition and microhardness of human enamel treated with an Enamel Matrix Derivative (EMD) solution, and the bond strength between composite resin and this enamel. Thirty human enamel samples were randomly divided into three groups: Untouched Enamel (UE), Demineralized Enamel (DE) and Demineralized Enamel Treated with EMD (ET). DE and ET groups were subjected to acid challenge and ET treated with EMD (EMD was directly applied over conditioned enamel and left for 15 min). Samples from each group (n=4) had chemical composition assessed through to attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR). Knoop microhardness of enamel samples from each group (n=10) was measured. For the microshear bond strength, the samples were etched for 30 s, and the adhesive was applied and cured for 10 s. Two matrixes were placed on the samples, filled with Filtek Z350 XT composite and cured for 20 s, each. The matrix was removed, and the microshear bond strength of each group (n=10) was tested. Data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis test (for microhardness), to analysis of variance and to Tukey's test (for microshear bond strength); (α=0.05). FTIR results have shown phosphate (hydroxyapatite indicator) in 900-1200 cm-1 bands in the UE and ET groups, which were different from the DE group. Microhardness and microshear analyses recorded higher statistical values for the UE and ET groups than for DE. EMD application to demineralized enamel seems to have remineralized the enamel; thus, the microhardness and bond strength was similar between UE and ET groups.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Esmalte Dental , Dureza , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte
15.
Dent Med Probl ; 58(1): 107-113, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847469

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Considering the use of silane-containing universal adhesives to enhance the repair bond strength of porcelain restorations, a question arises whether the application of these adhesives eliminates the need for a separate application of silane or not. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effect of various kinds of surface treatment, including hydrofluoric acid (HF) etching, the application of bis-silane and the use of universal adhesives, on the repair bond strength of feldspathic porcelain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this experimental in vitro study, 70 porcelain disks were fabricated and divided into 7 groups (n = 10) for the following types of surface treatment: C (control group) ­ HF etching + silane + Porcelain Bond; HSB ­ HF etching + Single Bond; HSSB ­ HF etching + silane + Single Bond; HAB ­ HF etching + All Bond; HSAB ­ HF etching + silane + All Bond; HFB ­ HF etching + FuturaBond®; and HSFB ­ HF etching + silane + FuturaBond. After applying different kinds of surface treatment, the specimens were light-cured and the Filtek® Z250 composite was bonded to the treated surfaces. The specimens were incubated in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h, and then underwent 5,000 thermal cycles. The repair bond strength of porcelain was measured and the mode of failure was determined under a stereomicroscope. Data was analyzed using the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test. RESULTS: Differences between the groups in the porcelain repair bond strength were significant (p < 0.0001). Bond strength for Single Bond (p < 0.001) and All Bond (p < 0.001) along with silane was significantly higher than for the application of these adhesives without a separate silane application step. This difference was not significant for FuturaBond. Mixed failure was the dominant mode of failure in all groups. CONCLUSIONS: The application of silane, irrespective of the use of universal adhesives with or without silane, increased the porcelain repair bond strength. Thus, a separate silane application step following HF etching and the use of universal adhesives with or without silane can enhance the repair bond strength of feldspathic porcelain.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Porcelana Dental , Grabado Ácido Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
16.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 119: 104498, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839538

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we incorporated hybrid nanoparticles (poly (acrylic acid)-grafted nanoclay/nanosilica, respectively, with platelet and spherical morphologies, abbreviated as PAA-g-NC-Sil) in different concentrations (0, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2 and 5 wt%) to an experimental dentin bonding system and investigated the physical properties of the filled adhesive and its shear bond strength (µ-SBS) to dentin. We subsequently compared the properties of the adhesives containing PAA-g-NC-Sil with previously studied adhesives containing poly (methacrylic acid)-g-nanoclay (PMA-g-NC) (Solhi et al., 2012a), poly (acrylic acid)-g-nanoclay (PAA-g-NC) (Solhi et al., 2012b), and the hybrid poly (methacrylic acid)-grafted-nanoclay-nanosilica (PMA-g-NC-Sil) (Solhi et al., 2020). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a set of previous publications and the present paper, we grafted poly (acrylic acid) (PAA) or poly (methacrylic acid) (PMA) onto the surface of pristine Na-MMT nanoclay (Cloisite® Na+) through free radical polymerization of monomer in an aqueous media in the presence or absence of nanosilica particles. We characterized the resulting modified nanoparticles (PMA-g-NC, PAA-g-NC, PMA-g-NC-Sil and PAA-g-NC-Sil) using GPC, FTIR, TGA, and XRD. We then incorporated the modified particles as functionalized fillers to experimental dentin adhesives in different concentrations and studied the stability of modified fillers dispersion by separation analysis. We also studied the properties of the photo-cured adhesive matrices using FTIR, TEM, SEM, EDXA, and XRD. We examined the shear bond strength of the adhesives (containing different contents of each modified filler, separately) to human premolar teeth. The results were analysed and compared statistically. RESULTS: The results confirmed that the polymers have been grafted onto the surface of nanoclay. An exfoliated structure for the nanoclay platelets in the photo-cured adhesive containing PAA-g-NC-Sil was observed. Addition of 0.5 wt% of PAA-g-NC-Sil to the experimental adhesive increased the shear bond strength and the dispersion stability in comparison to unfilled adhesive. The same trend was also observed for adhesives containing PMA-g-NC, PAA-g-NC, and PMA-g-NC-Sil. The adhesive containing PAA-g-NC-Sil showed the best dispersion stability and subsequently the highest shear bond strength in the optimal concentration among adhesives containing the four available fillers (PMA-g-NC, PAA-g-NC, PMA-g-NC-Sil and PAA-g-NC-Sil). SIGNIFICANCE: Addition of poly (acrylic acid) modified nanoparticles to the experimental dentin adhesives resulted in higher shear bond strength due to the potential interactions between the carboxylic acid functional groups on the surface of the modified particles and the dentin structure. Between the poly (acrylic acid) and poly (methacrylic acid), the former acid with higher PKa performed better. Addition of the spherical nanosilica particles to the adhesives containing platelet nanoclay helped to better exfoliate the platelets resulting in improved µ-SBS and dispersion stability.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Nanopartículas , Adhesivos , Cementos Dentales , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Polimerizacion , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte
17.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 119: 104525, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892335

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: There has been a great many technical difficulties in measuring the bond strengths between brittle dental substrates and materials, especially in preparing specimens. This study evaluated the validity of the relatively easy flexural bond strength (FBS) test in measuring bond strength of resin cement to zirconia as an alternative to the cumbersome tensile bond strength (TBS) and micro-tensile bond strength (MTBS) tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The FBS and TBS of resin cement to zirconia were measured experimentally after three surface treatments on a zirconia ceramic: air abrasion only (A), conditioning with Single Bond Universal (U) after air abrasion, and conditioning with Z-Prime Plus (Z) after air abrasion. The data were investigated using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Weibull statistics, and a theoretical simulation. RESULTS: In both the FBS and TBS tests, the experimental data were consistent and quantitatively similar. First, according to ANOVA, the U group showed the highest bond strengths in both tests, followed by the Z group and the A group. In each surface treatment group, the FBS was always higher than the TBS. Second, the Weibull fitting showed the same order of strength in both tests (A < Z < U) and in all surface treatment groups (FBS > TBS). Third, the theoretical ratios calculated from the Weibull moduli agreed well with the experimental ratios of the FBS to the TBS. CONCLUSION: The FBS test can be an alternative to the TBS and MTBS tests in measuring the bond strength of brittle resin cement to zirconia.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Cerámica , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción , Circonio
18.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 119: 104545, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905918

RESUMEN

Capturing deformation of bone using strain gauges is still a common approach in biomechanics. So far, the bone surfaces had to be sanded and cleaned using various solvents prior to attaching the sensors using cyanoacrylate. This work proposes a novel approach employing common bonding procedures to enamel and dentin as used in restorative dentistry. Bovine ribs were obtained and osteotomies were created following clinical protocols for dental implant insertion. A unidirectional strain gauge was attached to the outer surface of the bone specimens using the steps of acid etching with phosphoric acid, application of a three-bottle dentin adhesive and light curing. Emerging strains were then captured during implant insertion as well as during static loading of the implants in a universal testing machine. The method described here allowed for the reliable fixation of strain gauges on unaltered bone surfaces. Both, compressive and tensile strains emerging in the surrounding of the dental implants could be captured.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Grabado Ácido Dental , Animales , Bovinos , Resinas Compuestas , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Estrés Mecánico , Resistencia a la Tracción
19.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 119: 104529, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910131

RESUMEN

To evaluate the effect of three adhesive systems applied under electric current on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and degree of conversion (DC). Molar teeth were restored with the aid of three adhesive systems (Adper Single Bond 2-SB2; Clearfil SE Bond-CSE; and Single Bond Universal-SBU) under different electric current intensities (0 µA; 25 µA; and 50 µA). Composite resin blocks were built up in increments (2 mm) and sectioned into 1 × 1 mm beams. The µTBS was tested after 24 h and 1 y distilled water storages. Samples (n = 10) from 24 h to 1 y storages were immersed in a 50% ammoniacal silver nitrate solution and submitted to scanning electron microscopy. The silver nitrate in the hybrid layer was quantified (ImageJ software). The adhesive systems' dentinal infiltration was analyzed using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Fourier transform near infrared spectroscopy was used to measure the DC. The µTBS data were submitted to two-way ANOVA (time vs. electric current) and Bonferroni's test (α = 0.05). Quantitative nanoleakage data were submitted to two-way ANOVA (electric current vs. adhesive) and Bonferroni's test (α = 0.05). DC data were submitted to one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05) for each adhesive system. The electric current statistically increased the µTBS for SB2 and CSE in 24 h storage, as well as for SB2, CSE and SBU in 1 y storage. No significant difference was observed between storage time for CSE and SBU. When compared to the control, electric currents (25 µA and 50 µA) showed significantly higher DC mean values for SB2 and SBU, and had no effect on CSE. The electric currents (25 µA and 50 µA) reduced the adhesive system's nanoleakage after 1-year storage, and improved the infiltration of SB2 and CSE. Both electric current intensities improved dentinal interface stability.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Adhesivos , Resinas Compuestas , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia a la Tracción
20.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 100(2): 97-102, 2021.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874669

RESUMEN

The analysis of modern scientific data on traditional and adhesive fixation of zirconia restorations, adhesion of various cements to zirconium dioxide, methods of surface preparation of ceramic restorations is presented. Micromechanical methods of preparation for cementation of the surface of a zirconia dental prosthesis are discussed in Part 1.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Cerámica , Cementos Dentales , Porcelana Dental , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio
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