Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 18.694
Filtrar
1.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 383-391, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666064

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of different cleaning methods on the resin bond strength to contaminated translucent 3Y-TZP ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 133 airborne-particle abraded (0.1 MPa) zirconia specimens were divided into 7 groups. Uncontaminated zirconia specimens were either not cleaned (UN) or cleaned with cleaning paste (Ivoclean) (UP1). After contamination by saliva and blood immersion, zirconia specimens were cleaned using either distilled water rinsing (CW), 99% isopropanol in an ultrasonic bath (CI), cleaning paste according to manufacturer's instructions (CP1), cleaning paste with additional rubbing (CP2), or additional airborne-particle abrasion at 0.1 MPa (CA). Three specimens from each group were examined by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). For each group, sixteen Plexiglas tubes filled with composite resin (Clearfil FII, Kuraray Noritake) were bonded to the zirconia specimens using a primer (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus, Kuraray Noritake) and luting composite (Panavia V5, Kuraray Noritake). Before measuring tensile bond strength, specimens were stored in distilled water for 3 or 150 days plus 37,500 thermal cycles. RESULTS: After 3 days, no group showed significantly different TBS compared to the control group UN (p > 0.05). However, groups CW and CI showed significantly lower TBS than all other groups after 150 days (p ≤ 0.05). XPS analysis revealed more organic residue on zirconia surfaces of groups CW and CI than on the other groups. CONCLUSION: Cleaning with the cleaning paste and airborne-particle abrasion were effective in removing saliva and blood contamination and enhancing bond strength.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Porcelana Dental , Cerámica , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción , Circonio
2.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 393-398, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666065

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of the application of different electric currents on dentin bonding and resin infiltration of self-etching and etch-and-rinse adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred four sound third molars were selected and divided in groups according to the adhesive (self-etch [CSE, Clearfil SE Bond, Kuraray Noritake], universal [SBU, Single Bond Universal, 3M Oral Care], and etch-and-rinse [SB2, Adper Single Bond 2 (SB2), 3M Oral Care]) and electrical current used (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 µA). Light curing was performed for 10 s with an LED-curing unit at 1000 mW/cm2. Composite blocks were constructed of nanofilled composite in increments of 2 mm, which were light cured for 20 s. Specimens were sectioned into sticks with a cross-sectional area of ~1 mm2 and stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) testing (n = 8) was performed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until failure. The bonding quality (n = 2) of adhesives applied with or without 35-µA electric current was evaluated using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Bond strengths were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: CSE presented the highest µTBS for all electrical currents tested. For CSE and SBU, electrical currents from 0-20 µA showed the lowest µTBS. Electrical currents from 0-10 and 20-25 µA yielded the lowest µTBS for SB2. CSE and SB2 applied under 35 µA showed a greater number of resin tags in dentin tubules. Fluorescein penetration into the hybrid layer was found for SBU applied without electric current. CONCLUSION: The application of adhesives using 35-µA electric current improved the bond strength and quality of the adhesive interface.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Adhesivos , Resinas Compuestas , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia a la Tracción
3.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 399-407, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666066

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemomechanical properties, antibacterial activity, and cytotoxicity of an experimental adhesive resin containing halloysite nanotubes (HNT), doped with alkyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (ATAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A filler of HNT doped with ATAB was obtained (ATAB:HNT) and incorporated (5 wt%) into a resin blend made of bisphenol A glycerolate dimethacrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and a photoinitiator/co-initiator system (GATAB:HNT). The same resin blend without ATAB:HNT was used as control (Ctrl). The ATAB:HNT filler was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The two tested adhesives were evaluated for degree of conversion (DC) in vitro and in situ, softening in alcohol, dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), antibacterial activity, and cytotoxicity (n = 5). RESULTS: SEM showed that the nanotubes had a characteristic tubular-needle morphology, while the TEM analysis confirmed the presence of ATAB inside the lumens of HNT. The incorporation of ATAB:HNT induced no reduction (p > 0.05) of the DC either in situ or in vitro. No difference was encountered after the softening challenge test (p > 0.05) and no difference was found in µTBS between the two adhesives, both at 24 h (p > 0.05) and after 6 months of storage in distilled water (p > 0.05). However, ATAB:HNT reduced Streptococcus mutans viability (p < 0.05) without a cytotoxic effect on pulp cells (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: GATAB:HNT adhesive demonstrated appropriate polymerization without significant differences in softening after solvent immersion, while concomitantly maintaining reliable bond strength after 6 months of water aging. Moreover, the ATAB:HNT filler can provide antibacterial activity to the adhesive resin without affecting pulp cell viability.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Nanotubos , Bromuros , Arcilla , Cementos Dentales , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia a la Tracción
4.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 415-420, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666068

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate whether interfacial enzymatic activity and adhesion receptiveness of artificial caries-affected dentin (ACAD) simulate those of natural caries-affected dentin (NCAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty dentin specimens were prepared from human molars to determine interfacial gelatinolytic activity using in situ zymography and adhesion experiments (micropermeability and bond strength [µTBS]). Groups were formed according to the type of dentin: artificial caries-affected dentin (ACAD), natural caries-affected dentin (NCAD), or sound dentin. ACAD was produced by incubating dentin with Streptococcus mutans in a chemically defined medium (CDM) with 1% sucrose for 7 days at 37°C under anaerobic conditions. CDM was replaced daily, and the sterility as well as the pH of the culture was monitored. Adhesion experiments employed Single Bond Universal (3M Oral Care) in self-etch mode. Data were individually processed and analyzed using ANOVA and post-hoc tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The enzymatic activity of ACAD was similar to that of sound dentin, but was lower than that of NCAD, which elicited the highest activity (p < 0.05). Interfacial micropermeability intensity at the hybrid layer or in underlying dentin (5 µm below the interface) was similar in all types of dentin (p > 0.05). On the other hand, substrate permeability was higher for NCAD than for ACAD. The highest sealing ability was detected in sound dentin. Bond strengths to ACAD were higher than to NCAD. However, the highest µTBS was observed in sound dentin (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Artificial caries-affected dentin simulated neither the gelatinolytic activity nor bonding receptiveness of natural caries-affected dentin.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Caries Dental , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia a la Tracción
5.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 421-431, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666069

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of 1-year water storage and surface treatments on shear bond strength (SBS) of two composite cements bonded to resin matrix CAD-CAM ceramics (RMCs) and on the mechanical properties of RMCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three types of RMCs were tested: 1. polymer-infiltrated hybrid ceramic (PIHC, Enamic, VITA Zahnfabrik); 2. resin nanoceramic (RNC, Lava Ultimate, 3M Oral Care); and 3. flexible hybrid ceramic (FHC, Cerasmart, GC). One indirect laboratory composite (ILC, Epricord, Kuraray Noritake) was used as control. For each material, 60 plates (14 x 7 x 1 mm) were prepared for the SBS test and submitted to three different surface treatments: following manufacturer's instructions, non-thermal atmospheric plasma application (30 s), and plasma + bonding agent. Two composite cements were tested: RelyX Ultimate (3M Oral Care) and Panavia V5 (Kurarary Noritake). Two resin cylinders (1.5 mm diameter x 1.5 mm height) were bonded to each plate (n = 10), with one tested after 24-h storage in distilled water and the other after 1 year of storage in distilled water. Twenty rectangular bars (12 x 2 x 1 mm) of each indirect material were prepared and submitted to the 3-point flexural test after 24-h or 1-year water storage to determine the elastic modulus (EM) and flexural strength (FS) (n = 10). Fractured samples were also examined with SEM and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). SBS data were analyzed by four-way ANOVA, and EM and FS data by two-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's post-hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Groups treated in accordance with manufacturer's instructions exhibited higher SBS than did plasma and plasma + bonding agent groups for all indirect materials, composite cements, and storage periods tested. In general, RelyX Ultimate displayed higher mean SBS than did Panavia V5, except for some groups of ILC where manufacturer's instructions were followed. After 1-year storage in water, all groups exhibited a significant reduction in SBS, except for some groups that following manufacturer's instructions. ILC showed the lowest values of EM and FS. Among the CAD-CAM materials, FHC exhibited the lowest EM and highest FS means, while PIHC possessed the highest EM and lowest FS means for both storage periods. CONCLUSIONS: In general, following the respective manufacturer's instructions yielded the best bond strength results. For most materials, 1-year water storage decreased bond strength of composite cements to RMCs, as well as their FS, while increasing their EM. Microstructure and composition influenced the mechanical properties studied.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Ensayo de Materiales , Polímeros , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
6.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(5): 515-520, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32690833

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate in vitro effect of apical root canal perforation size on push-out bond strength of glass fiber dowels cemented to sound or perforated root canals using two different adhesive systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 human-extracted intact upper central incisors were selected. Teeth were sectioned 3 mm coronal to cement enamel junction, and the remaining root received endodontic root canal therapy. The roots were divided into two experimental groups according to the root condition: either sound (n = 40) or apically perforated (n = 80). Dowel spaces were prepared for all specimens to a depth of 10 mm. Roots were restored with glass fiber dowels. The experimental group was further subdivided into four subgroups (n = 20) according to the adhesive system used and apical perforation size: group I, perforated root 2 mm apically, dowel cemented using total-etch adhesive cement; group II, perforated root 2 mm apically, dowel cemented using self-etch adhesive cement; group III, perforated root 4 mm apically, dowel cemented using total-etch adhesive cement; and group IV, perforated root 4 mm apically, dowel cemented using self-etch adhesive cement. The control group, sound root, was divided into two subgroups: group I, sound root, dowel cemented using total-etch adhesive cement, and group II, sound root, dowel cemented using self-etch or total-etch adhesive cement. Each root was then cut horizontally, and root segments were prepared to be tested. The bond strength between dowel and dentin was measured with universal testing machine using a push-out test. The two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data and post hoc Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Root canal perforation and the type of adhesive system used resulted in significant differences in push-out bond strength (p < 0.05). Regardless of root canal perforation size, glass fiber dowels in normal root canals had significantly higher mean bond strength values (9.2 ± 1.4 MPa) compared with perforated root canals (6.1 ± 1.4 MPa). Also, self-etch protocol had significantly higher mean bond strength values (9.1 ± 1.3 MPa) compared with total-etch protocol (6.2 ± 2.1 MPa). CONCLUSION: The apical root perforation size caused a direct effect on the bond strength of the glass fiber dowels cemented to dentin by reducing the bond strength values to the root dentin regardless of the adhesive system used. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Prior to perforation repair, dentist or endodontist should evaluate the perforation size to predict the treatment outcome.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Técnica de Perno Muñón , Cavidad Pulpar , Dentina , Vidrio , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Tratamiento del Conducto Radicular
7.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(2): 150-154, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626877

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine(CHX) on the self-etching adhesive to dentin. METHODS: Fifty carious free molars were selected to expose the flat dentin surface. The specimens were bonded with composite resin by self-etching adhesive ,which were pretreated by 2% CHX for 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 s. The microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and scanning electron microscope(SEM) were evaluated before and after thermocycling. SPSS 19.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: µTBS of the 45 and 60s-CHX pretreated group had significant difference before thermocycling, significantly higher than the control group(P<0.05). The 60s-CHX pretreated group showed significant greater µTBS than the control group after thermocycling(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 2%CHX pretreatment can improve the bonding strength of the self-etching adhesive, and slow down the aging progress of bonding interface.


Asunto(s)
Clorhexidina , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina , Estrés Mecánico , Resistencia a la Tracción
8.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(1): 27-32, 2020 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621596

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different pre-treatment approaches on glass ionomer cement (GIC) bond strength (BS) to dentine. Sixty bovine incisors were allocated into six groups according to substrate - sound or caries-affected dentine; and substrate pre-treatment approach - no conditioning (control), polyacrylic acid for 10 s and phosphoric acid for 7 s. Teeth in the caries-affected dentine group were previously submitted to cariogenic pH-cycling challenge. After dentine pre-treatment, according to experimental groups, polyethylene tubes were placed on flat dentine surfaces and filled with GIC. Teeth were stored in distilled water for 24 h at 37 °C and then submitted to microshear test (0.5 mm/min). Failure pattern analysis was performed under stereomicroscope (400x). Data were analysed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=5%). Statistically significant differences were found for the pre-treatment approach, regardless of substrate (p<0.001). The polyacrylic acid group and control group had similar BS values, and were both better than the phosphoric acid group. In general, GIC had better bonding performance in sound dentine than in caries-affected dentine. In conclusion, dentine pre-treatment with polyacrylic acid did not improve the performance of GIC restoration on clinically relevant substrates.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Acrílicas/farmacología , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Dentina/efectos de los fármacos , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo/química , Animales , Bovinos , Filtración Dental/prevención & control , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagen , Dentina/patología , Ensayo de Materiales
9.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 353-363, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666061

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of type and viscosity of composite resins used for root reinforcement in the adhesion of glass-fiber posts to flared root canals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The crowns of 78 uniradicular permanent teeth were removed and the teeth were endodontically treated. After one week, the roots were prepared for root reinforcement and randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 13): positive control group ([PCG] the root canals were not enlarged), negative control group ([NCG] root canals were enlarged, no reinforcement), and in the remaining 4 groups, root canals were enlarged to receive root reinforcement according to a combination of the factors composite resin type (bulk-fill or conventional) and viscosity (flowable or regular). After fiber post cementation, six slices were obtained from each root (2 each from the cervical, middle, and apical thirds). For each group, 7 teeth underwent push-out bond strength testing, and 6 teeth were evaluated for nanoleakage and Vickers microhardness. Bond strength and nanoleakage data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05), and microhardness data to one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The root reinforcement groups with regular and flowable bulk-fill composite resins showed statistically superior adhesion results (higher bond strength and less nanoleakage) compared to the negative control in all root regions. Microhardness values were higher in the cervical third followed by the middle third. CONCLUSION: Regular or flowable bulk-fill composite resins should be chosen for root reinforcement of flared root canals prior to fiber post cementation.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Técnica de Perno Muñón , Resinas Compuestas , Cavidad Pulpar , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Vidrio , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina
10.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 365-372, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666062

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the reparability of aged and fresh resin composite after different mechanical surface pretreatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty composite specimens (Filtek Supreme XTE, 3M Oral Care) were either aged by thermal cycling (5000 cycles, 5-55°C) and six months of water storage, or immediately processed within 5 min after polymerization. Both aged and fresh specimens were either ground with fine (46-µm) or coarse (100-µm) diamond burs and then silanized or sandblasted with aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and silanized. In the negative control group, no mechanical surface pretreatment or silanization was performed. Specimens (n = 6 per group) were repaired with an adhesive (OptiBond FL, Kerr) and a resin composite (Filtek Supreme XTE). Directly adhered composite-to-composite increments served as the positive control group. After thermoycling, microtensile repair bond strength was assessed and statistically analyzed (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Aged composite surfaces revealed significantly lower repair bond strength than immediately repaired composite. The negative control group demonstrated the significantly lowest microtensile bond strength of all groups. No significant differences in repair bond strength were observed between the different mechanical pretreatments for both aged and fresh specimens. The repair bond strength of fresh composite pretreated with a fine diamond bur + Al2O3 + silane or a coarse diamond bur with/without Al2O3 + silane did not differ significantly from the positive control group. CONCLUSION: The age of the repaired composite has a greater influence on repair bond strength than does the type of composite surface pretreatment.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Ensayo de Materiales , Silanos , Estrés Mecánico , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
11.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 373-382, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666063

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To determine and compare the effects of tribochemical silica coating and alumina-particle air abrasion on 3 mol% and 5 mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two different 3Y-TZP samples (Lava Plus, 3M Oral Care; Ceramill Zolid, Amann Girrbach) and one 5Y-TZP sample (Katana Zirconia UTML, Kuraray Noritake) were prepared and treated with alumina-particle air abrasion and a 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (10-MDP)-containing self-adhesive composite cement or with tribochemical silica coating followed by silanization (n = 30). Resin columns were cemented onto the treated ceramic surfaces to form specimens. After 24-h water storage or aging with 10,000 thermocycles plus 60-day water storage, shear bond strength (SBS) testing was conducted. Surface roughness, surface Vickers hardness, and crystallographic phase analyses were also performed. RESULTS: The SBS of tribochemically silica-coated 5Y-TZP before and after aging were 13.8 ± 1.4 and 13.2 ± 1.5 MPa, resp., for Lava Plus (3Y-TZP) 14.4 ± 1.4 and 13.9 ± 1.6 MPa, respectively, and for Ceramill Zolid (3Y-TZP) 14.8 ± 1.1 and 13.9 ± 1.5 MPa, respectively. There was no statistical difference between tribochemical silica coating and alumina air abrasion treatments (p = 0.21) on the bonding performance (SBS) of the 3Y-TZPs and 5Y-TZP (p = 0.25) before and after aging (p = 0.50). After alumina air abrasion, 5Y-TZP showed higher surface roughness (Ra = 1.7 ± 0.1) than did the 3Y-TZPs (Ra = 1.2 ± 0.1 for Lava Plus; Ra = 1.2 ± 0.1 for Ceramill Zolid), while the Vickers hardness was similar among the three materials (p = 0.70). Monoclinic zirconia was not detected in 5Y-TZP irrespective of treatment, with the zirconia being mainly cubic phase. However, the 3Y-TZPs were mainly tetragonal phase with some monoclinic zirconia; the latter increased after being alumina-particle air abraded. CONCLUSION: The bond strength to 5Y-TZP is similar to those of the 3Y-TZPs under the same bonding strategies. Durable bonding can be achieved both by alumina air abrasion combined with a 10-MDP-containing self-adhesive composite cement and by tribochemical silica coating followed by silanization for both the 3Y-TZPs and 5Y-TZP.


Asunto(s)
Óxido de Aluminio , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Abrasión Dental por Aire , Dureza , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Dióxido de Silicio , Propiedades de Superficie , Itrio , Circonio
12.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(2): 166-174, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624347

RESUMEN

Orthodontic treatment with sequential aligners has seen a considerable surge in the last decades, and is currently used to treat malocclusions of varying severity. To enhance tooth movement and broaden the spectrum of malocclusions that can be treated with aligners, composite resin attachments are routinely bonded with the acid-etch technique on multiple teeth, a process known to impose irreversible alterations of the enamel structure, color, gloss, and roughness. Additionally, this clinical setting introduces a unique scenario of different materials applied in a manner that involves the development of friction and attrition between the attachment and the softer aligner material, all performing in the harsh conditions of the oral environment, which impact the aging of these materials. The latter may give rise to alterations of the aligners and the composite attachments and potential intraoral release of Bisphenol A, a known endocrine disrupting agent. Furthermore, at the final stages of contemporary aligner treatment, the removal of multiple, sometimes bulky, composite attachments with a volume and surface far greater than the remnant adhesive after debonding of brackets, through grinding that might be associated with pulmonary effects for the patient or staff. Because of the extensive enamel involvement in bonding, the release of factors from the attachment-aligner complex during service, the aging of these entities in the oral environment, and the laborious debonding/composite grinding process coupled with the hazardous nature of aerosol produced during the removal of these bulky specimens, appropriate risk management considerations should be applied and an effort to confine the application of multiple composite specimens bonded to enamel to the absolutely necessary should be pursued.


Asunto(s)
Esmalte Dental , Resinas Compuestas , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
13.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 20-29, jul. 2020. ilus.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103033

RESUMEN

Objetivos: Evaluar la resistencia de unión a la microtracción en dentina humana de un sistema adhesivo universal con clorhexidina en su composición, en modo de grabado y lavado en 2 pasos, y en modo de autograbado. Metodología: 20 terceros molares divididos aleatoriamente en 4 grupos según el tipo de sistema adhesivo utilizado (Single Bond Universal®, 3MESPE y Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent Products) y modo de uso (grabado total y autograbado). Se confeccionaron cuerpos de prueba sometidos al ensayo de microtracción utilizando una máquina de ensayos universales. Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los cuatro grupos estudiados. Conclusiones: La resistencia de unión de una resina compuesta a dentina humana no fue afectada por el uso de un sistema adhesivo universal que contiene clorhexidina en su composición aplicado en los modos de grabado total y autograbado


Objectives: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength to human dentin of chlorhexidine containing universal adhesive system applied in the total-etch and selfetch modes. Methods: Twenty third molars were randomly divided into four groups according to the universal adhesive system (Single Bond Universal ®, 3M ESPE and Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent) and application mode used (total-etch and self-etch). Specimens were prepared and subjected to a microtensile bond strength using a MTS SANS universal testing machine. Results: No statistically significant differences were found in the microtensile bond strength between the four groups studied. Conclusions: The bond strength of a composite resin to human dentin was not affected by the use of a universal adhesive system with chlorhexidine in its composition applied in the total-etch and self-etch modes.


Objetivos: Avaliar a resistência de união á microtração na dentina humana de um sistema adesivo universal com clorexidina na sua composição, no modo de condicionamento total em dois passos e no modo autocondicionante. Metodologia: 20 terceiros molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos, de acordo com o tipo de sistema adesivo utilizado (Single Bond Universal®, 3MESPE e Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent Products) e modo de uso (condicionamento total e autocondicionante). Os corpos de prova criados foram submetidos ao teste de microtração utilizando uma máquina de ensaios universal. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os quatro grupos estudados. Conclusões: A resistência de união da resina composta à dentina humana não foi afetada pelo uso de um sistema adesivo universal contendo clorexidina em sua composição, aplicado nos modos de condicionamento total ou autocondicionamento.


Asunto(s)
Resistencia a la Tracción , Clorhexidina , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos Dentales
14.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(3): 7-10, 2020.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608941

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the dynamics of changes in the adhesion between the composite and dentin of the tooth when using different volumes of a single-component adhesive system in case of contamination of it with human blood plasma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To achieve this goal, the following were used: extracted human teeth, XP Bond one-component adhesive systems (DENTSPLY, Germany), Esthet X HD micrometric restoration material (DENTSPLY, Germany), and centrifuged blood plasma. The strength of the adhesive bond between the composite material and the hard tissues of the tooth was studied using a shear test machine Zwick Roell Z 010 («Zwick¼, Germany). RESULTS: The use of a single-component adhesive system in an amount of 17.7 mg (1 drop from a dispenser) for treating open dentin makes it more resistant to contamination compared to using the same adhesive, but in an amount of 6.6 mg (the amount of adhesive that adsorbs a medium-sized dental take). A decrease in the adhesion force between the composite material and tooth hard tissues from 1.5 to 17.7% occurs when a single-component adhesive system weighing 17.7 mg of blood plasma simulating a dentinal fluid weighing from 0.2 to 2.0 mg enters. The ingestion of the same amount of blood plasma in a single-component adhesive system weighing 6.6 mg leads to a decrease in its adhesion from 4.3 to 43%.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Dentina , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte
15.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 38(2): 138-144, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611859

RESUMEN

Background: Use of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) after selective caries excavation can arrest the further progress of the carious lesion. Application of potassium iodide (KI) can reduce the staining due to SDF. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the application of SDF, with and without acid etching and KI on the bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) to the carious dentin of primary teeth. Materials and Methods: In thisin vitro study, caries was induced on the occlusal surface by inoculating Streptococcus mutans strain in 36 extracted primary molars. The teeth were divided into four groups (n = 9), and the following treatments were done to the carious dentin prior to final restoration with RMGIC: Group I: 10% polyacrylic acid conditioner, Group II: 38% SDF, Group III: 37% phosphoric acid etchant followed by 38% SDF, and Group IV: 37% phosphoric acid etchant followed by 38% SDF and 10% potassium iodide solution. The microtensile bond strength was measured using universal testing machine. Failure modes were recorded using a scanning electron microscope. Results: There was no significant difference in microtensile bond strengths between the groups (P = 0.665), with the highest value seen in Group III. Conclusions: Application of SDF with or without acid etching and KI does not affect the bond strength of RMGIC to carious dentin of primary teeth.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Caries Dental , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Fluoruros Tópicos , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario , Cementos de Resina , Compuestos de Plata , Resistencia a la Tracción , Diente Primario
16.
Braz Dent J ; 31(3): 272-280, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667522

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the application mode of three universal adhesive systems on interfacial physical properties of indirect composite restorations adhesively cemented to dentin cavities. Seventy-eight bovine lower incisors were selected and a slice of dentin (thickness: 2 mm) between the buccal surface and pulp chamber was obtained for each tooth. Conical cavities were made on this surface. The internal walls of the cavities were then coated with a hydrophilic gel, filled with composite resin and photopolymerized. The dentin/cone sets were divided into 6 groups (n=10) according to type of universal adhesive (TETRI: Tetric N Bond, FUT: Futura Bond U, SBU: Single Bond Universal) and acid etching on dentin (A: with acid etching; WA: without acid etching). The acid etching and the adhesive systems were applied to the surface of the dentin. All composite resin cones were sandblasted (Al2O3, 20 s) and silanized. After surface treatment, the cones were cemented (RelyX Ultimate) into the dentin cavity and photopolymerized. After thermocycling (10,000 cycles), samples were submitted to marginal adaptation analysis (using caries detector dye), push-out test (0.5 mm/min), and failure mode analysis. Additional samples were prepared for nanoleakage analysis (SEM). The data (MPa) were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-test (5%). The groups in which the dentin was acid etched showed significantly lower bond strength values in the push-out test (p<0.01). Dentin acid etching significantly reduced the bond strength between universal adhesive systems and dentin in indirect restorative procedures.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Animales , Bovinos , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Cavidad Pulpar , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
17.
Dent Mater J ; 39(4): 534-538, 2020 Aug 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624553

RESUMEN

Self-etch adhesive (SEA) systems simplify bonding procedures. It is believed that good mechanical retention and chemical bonding are both important factors to obtain reliable bonding to enamel. The enamel acid-base resistant zone (ABRZ) has been confirmed at the adhesive/enamel interface by scanning electron microscopic observation. However, the formation of enamel ABRZ is influenced by the type and components of adhesive systems. Chemical interactions by a functional monomer with hydroxyapatite strongly support the explanation of the mechanism for enamel ABRZ formation. The ABRZ created by MDP-containing SEA systems has shown good potential to resist acid attack from simulated recurrent caries models. In addition, fluoride release may enhance acid resistance. It has been proposed that such a reinforced enamel be termed "Super Enamel". The concept of the formation of super enamel may contribute to protecting enamel, and conserve tooth structure leading to improved restoration longevity.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos Dentales , Esmalte Dental , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie
18.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 32(5): 521-529, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598095

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of human saliva decontamination protocols on bond strength of resin cement to zirconia (Y-PSZ), wettability, and microbial decontamination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Zirconia plates were sandblasted and divided into (a) not contaminated, (b) contaminated with human saliva and: (c) not cleaned, (d) cleaned with air-water spray, (e) cleaned with 70% ethanol, (f) cleaned with Ivoclean, or (g) cleaned with nonthermal atmospheric plasma (NTAP). The wettability and microbial decontamination of the surfaces were determined after saliva contamination or cleaning. Monobond Plus (Ivoclar Vivadent) was applied after cleaning, followed by Variolink LC (Ivoclar Vivadent). The samples were stored 1 week before shear bond strength (SBS) testing, and data (SBS and wettability) were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey test (α = .05). RESULTS: Saliva contamination reduced SBS to zirconia compared to not contaminated. Both Ivoclean and NTAP produced higher SBS compared to not cleaned and were not significantly different from the not contaminated. Ivoclean produced the highest contact angle, and NTAP the lowest. With the exception of using just water-spray, all cleaning protocols decontaminated the specimens. CONCLUSIONS: Both Ivoclean and NTAP overcame the effects of saliva contamination, producing an SBS to zirconia comparable to the positive control. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dental ceramics should be cleaned prior to resin cementation to eliminate the effects of human saliva contamination, and Ivoclean and NTAP are considered suitable materials for this purpose.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cerámica , Descontaminación , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie , Humectabilidad , Circonio
19.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(3): 221-225, 2020 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522327

RESUMEN

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the shear bond strength (SBS) of glass ionomer cement (GIC) to artificial carious dentin with and without silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment. Methods: Permanent molars were sectioned and demineralized to create artificial carious lesions. In five groups, the demineralization of dentin, application of SDF, use of conditioner, and elapsed time between the placement of SDF and restoration were tested for differences in SBS using an UltraTester machine. Statistical analysis was done using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Tukey-Kramer multiple comparison tests. Results: The highest bond strength was found when GIC was placed on conditioned and demineralized dentin treated with SDF one week earlier. Treatment with SDF and use of conditioner did not statistically affect the SBS of GIC to demineralized dentin. Statistically significant increases in bond strength were found when one week elapsed between SDF application and GIC placement. The lowest bond strength was found with immediate GIC application onto SDF-treated demineralized dentin. Conclusions: These in vitro findings suggest that silver diamine fluoride treatment does not significantly affect the bond strength of glass ionomer cement to dentin lesions, and improved retention is obtained by allowing SDF solution to set for one week prior to GIC placement.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Caries Dental , Dentina , Fluoruros Tópicos , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario , Resistencia al Corte , Compuestos de Plata
20.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 22, 2020 Jun 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596755

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Long-term retention with fixed retainers with a high success rate seems to be a reasonable solution to minimize or prohibit relapse of orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Two hundred sixty patients between 13 and 30 years old were recruited for this study. The 0.0175 stainless steel twisted wire (G&H Orthodontics, USA) was compared with a single-strand ribbon titanium lingual retainer wire (Retainium, Reliance orthodontics, USA) was used. When treatment was completed, the retainers were bonded from canine to canine in the mandibular arch of the participants. In the follow-up visits, the patients were recalled every 3 months during the 24 months. Detachments, the time of debonding, and side effects were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed by a blinded statistician using a statistical package for Social Science (SPSS, Version20). After descriptive statistics, Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to measure the survival rates of each retainer. P value < 0.05 was considered as significant. RESULTS: Finally, 138 patients who received twisted wire splint and 112 patients who received ribbon wire were included in the analysis. The average duration of success was about 23 months for twisted wire and ribbon wire, according to the Kaplan-Meier estimates. The analysis showed no significant overall difference between the treatments (p = 0.13). Failure rates in terms of detachments in all groups occurred at the enamel junction, and it was 25 in twisted retainer group (18.1%) and was 10 in ribbon retainer group (8.9%); the Kaplan-Meier analysis test detected a significant difference in the failure rates between the groups (p = 0/006). CONCLUSIONS: Although the conventional twisted stainless steel wire and single-strand titanium flat metal ribbon wire as fixed orthodontic retainers have the same clinical effects, it was shown that the ribbon wire has less failure in terms of detachments.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Aparatos Ortodóncicos Fijos , Retenedores Ortodóncicos , Acero Inoxidable , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA