Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.548
Filtrar
3.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e042002, 2021 02 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589454

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: On 7 April 2020, the Japanese government declared a state of emergency in response to the novel coronavirus outbreak. To estimate the impact of the declaration on regional cities with low numbers of COVID-19 cases, large-scale surveillance to capture the current epidemiological situation of COVID-19 was urgently conducted in this study. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Social networking service (SNS)-based online survey conducted in five prefectures of Japan: Tottori, Kagawa, Shimane, Tokushima and Okayama. PARTICIPANTS: 127 121 participants from the five prefectures surveyed between 24 March and 5 May 2020. INTERVENTIONS: An SNS-based healthcare system named COOPERA (COvid-19: Operation for Personalized Empowerment to Render smart prevention And care seeking) was launched. It asks questions regarding postcode, personal information, preventive actions, and current and past symptoms related to COVID-19. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Empirical Bayes estimates of age-sex-standardised incidence rate (EBSIR) of symptoms and the spatial correlation between the number of those who reported having symptoms and the number of COVID-19 cases were examined to identify the geographical distribution of symptoms in the five prefectures. RESULTS: 97.8% of participants had no subjective symptoms. We identified several geographical clusters of fever with significant spatial correlation (r=0.67) with the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases, especially in the urban centres of prefectural capital cities. CONCLUSIONS: Given that there are still several high-risk areas measured by EBSIR, careful discussion on which areas should be reopened at the end of the state of emergency is urgently required using real-time SNS system to monitor the nationwide epidemic.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Red Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Teorema de Bayes , Estudios de Cohortes , Monitoreo Epidemiológico , Femenino , Humanos , Japón/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
4.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0245945, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529204

RESUMEN

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infection has spread worldwide since late 2019. People who have social contacts with COVID-19 patients might be at higher risk of physical or mental health problems. This study investigated whether people who had social contacts with COVID-19 patients would have poorer physical or mental outcomes, and different attitudes and behaviors. Chinese adults were recruited to fill in an online survey using snowball sampling during 21st-26nd February 2020. Physical symptoms, psychological outcomes, quality of life, COVID-19 related attitudes, and behaviors were measured. The differences in the outcomes between participants who had COVID-19 social contacts and those who had not were analyzed. The survey included 1,447 non-infected eligible participants. Among those, 173 (12.0%) reported at least one confirmed/suspected case in their social contacts. In the multiple regression adjusted for demographic data, the presence of confirmed/suspected infection cases in one's social contacts was significantly associated with poorer physical and mental outcomes, lower health-related quality of life, and different COVID-19 related attitudes and behaviors (p<0.05). In conclusion, people who had social contacts with COVID-19 patients were at risk of adverse health outcomes. Future studies are needed to understand the long-term impacts. Similarly, strategies to improve health outcomes for these people are needed.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Adulto , Ansiedad/epidemiología , China/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Calidad de Vida , Red Social , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557269

RESUMEN

Contact tracing is one of the oldest social network health interventions used to reduce the diffusion of various infectious diseases. However, some infectious diseases like COVID-19 amass at such a great scope that traditional methods of conducting contact tracing (e.g., face-to-face interviews) remain difficult to implement, pointing to the need to develop reliable and valid survey approaches. The purpose of this research is to test the effectiveness of three different egocentric survey methods for extracting contact tracing data: (1) a baseline approach, (2) a retrieval cue approach, and (3) a context-based approach. A sample of 397 college students were randomized into one condition each. They were prompted to anonymously provide contacts and populated places visited from the past four days depending on what condition they were given. After controlling for various demographic, social identity, psychological, and physiological variables, participants in the context-based condition were significantly more likely to recall more contacts (medium effect size) and places (large effect size) than the other two conditions. Theoretically, the research supports suggestions by field theory that assume network recall can be significantly improved by activating relevant activity foci. Practically, the research contributes to the development of innovative social network data collection methods for contract tracing survey instruments.


Asunto(s)
Trazado de Contacto/métodos , Red Social , Humanos , Distribución Aleatoria
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572493

RESUMEN

Background: Verified and authentic information about coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on social networking sites (SNS) could help people make appropriate decisions to protect themselves. However, little is known about what factors influence people's sharing of verified information about COVID-19. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore the factors that influence people's sharing of verified information about COVID-19 on social networking sites. Methods: Based on social exchange theory, we explore the factors that influence sharing of verified information about COVID-19 from two perspectives: benefits and costs. We employed the survey method to validate our hypothesized relationships. By using our developed measurement instruments, we collected 347 valid responses from SNS users and utilized the partial least squares method to analyze the data. Results: Among the benefits of sharing verified information about COVID-19, enjoyment in helping (ß = 0.357, p = 0.000), altruism (ß = 0.133, p = 0.029) and reputation (ß = 0.202, p = 0.000) were significantly associated with verified information sharing about COVID-19. Regarding the costs of sharing verified information about COVID-19, both verification cost (ß = -0.078, p = 0.046) and executional cost (ß = -0.126, p = 0.011) also significantly affect verified information sharing about COVID-19. All the proposed hypotheses were supported. Conclusions: By exploring factors from both benefits and costs perspectives, we could understand users' intention to share verified information about COVID-19 comprehensively. This study not only contributes to the literature on information sharing, but also has implications concerning users' behaviors on SNS.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Comunicación , Humanos , Intención , Motivación , Red Social
8.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 7(1): e24756, 2021 01 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400684

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is a highly transmissible illness caused by SARS-CoV-2. The disease has affected more than 200 countries, and the measures that have been implemented to combat its spread, as there is still no vaccine or definitive medication, have been based on supportive interventions and drug repositioning. Brazil, the largest country in South America, has had more than 140,000 recorded deaths and is one of the most affected countries. Despite the extensive quantity of scientifically recognized information, there are still conflicting discussions on how best to face the disease and the virus, especially with regard to social distancing, preventive methods, and the use of medications. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the Brazilian population's basic knowledge about COVID-19 to demonstrate how Brazilians are managing to identify scientifically proven information. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used. An original online questionnaire survey was administered from June 16 to August 21, 2020, across all five different geopolitical regions of the country (ie, the North, Northeast, Center-West, Southeast, and South). The questionnaire was comprised of questions about basic aspects of COVID-19, such as the related symptoms, conduct that should be followed when suspected of infection, risk groups, prevention, transmission, and social distancing. The wrong questionnaire response alternatives were taken from the fake news combat website of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Participants (aged ≥18 years) were recruited through social networking platforms, including Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter. The mean distributions, frequencies, and similarities or dissimilarities between the responses for the different variables of the study were evaluated. The significance level for all statistical tests was less than .05. RESULTS: A total of 4180 valid responses representative of all the states and regions of Brazil were recorded. Most respondents had good knowledge about COVID-19, getting an average of 86.59% of the total score with regard to the basic aspects of the disease. The region, education level, age, sex, and social condition had a significant association (P<.001) with knowledge about the disease, which meant that women, the young, those with higher education levels, nonrecipients of social assistance, and more economically and socially developed regions had more correct answers. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, Brazilians with social media access have a good level of basic knowledge about COVID-19 but with differences depending on the analyzed subgroup. Due to the limitation of the platform used in carrying out the study, care should be taken when generalizing the study findings to populations with less education or who are not used to accessing social networking platforms.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Educación en Salud/métodos , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Anciano , Brasil , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Red Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
9.
Global Health ; 17(1): 10, 2021 01 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430894

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: During isolation, sharing physical activity experiences on social network sites (SNS) can enhance individual social connectedness. The objective of the present study was to examine the associations between sharing physical activity experiences on SNS, positive self-presentation, positive feedback, and social connectedness during isolation. METHODS: Based on the Physical Activity Experience Sharing Scale, Social Connectedness Scale, Positive Self-Presentation Scale, and Online Positive Feedback Scale, we collected 460 questionnaires online from across 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China. We used multiple linear regression models to investigate the relationship between variables, and used bootstrapping to test for mediation.. RESULTS: During isolation, sharing physical activity experiences was positively associated with social connectedness (b = 0.308, p < 0.001), as well as with positive self-presentation(b = 0.956, p < 0.001)and positive feedback(b = 0.421, p < 0.001). In addition,we found that positive self-presentation showed a significant positive impact on positive feedback (b = 0.563, p < 0.001), and that positive self-presentation(b = 0.331, p < 0.001) and positive feedback(b = 0.311, p < 0.001) were positively associated with social connectedness. Finally, we found an effect on sharing physical activity experiences indirectly through positive self-presentation (b = 0.316, 95% CI: [0.180, 0.463]),and positive feedback (b = 0.131, 95% CI: [0.063, 0.207]) and that the mediation chain between the two also had a significant impact on social connectedness (b = 0.167, 95% CI: [0.088, 0.251]). CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID-19 pandemic, sharing physical activity experiences on SNS can create a positive, healthy, and energetic personal image, gain recognition from others, and establish new interpersonal relationships.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Ejercicio Físico , Cuarentena , Aislamiento Social , Red Social , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 220, 2021 01 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431866

RESUMEN

Absent pharmaceutical interventions, social distancing, lock-downs and mobility restrictions remain our prime response in the face of epidemic outbreaks. To ease their potentially devastating socioeconomic consequences, we propose here an alternating quarantine strategy: at every instance, half of the population remains under lockdown while the other half continues to be active - maintaining a routine of weekly succession between activity and quarantine. This regime minimizes infectious interactions, as it allows only half of the population to interact for just half of the time. As a result it provides a dramatic reduction in transmission, comparable to that achieved by a population-wide lockdown, despite sustaining socioeconomic continuity at  ~50% capacity. The weekly alternations also help address the specific challenge of COVID-19, as their periodicity synchronizes with the natural SARS-CoV-2 disease time-scales, allowing to effectively isolate the majority of infected individuals precisely at the time of their peak infection.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Pandemias/prevención & control , Cuarentena , /epidemiología , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Humanos , Red Social , Factores Socioeconómicos
11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 260, 2021 01 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431873

RESUMEN

Spite, costly behavior that harms others, presents an evolutionary puzzle: given that both the actor and recipient do worse, how could it emerge? We show that dynamically evolving interaction networks provide a novel explanation for the evolution of costly harm. Previous work has shown that anti-correlated interaction (e.g., negative assortment or negative relatedness) among behavioral strategies in populations can lead to the evolution of costly harm. We show that these approaches are blind to important features of interaction brought about by a co-evolution of network and behavior and that these features enable the emergence of spite. We analyze a new model in which agents can inflict harm on others at a cost to themselves, and simultaneously learn how to behave and with whom to interact. We find spite emerges reliably under a wide range of conditions. Our model reveals that when interactions occur in dynamic networks the population can exhibit correlated and anti-correlated behavioral interactions simultaneously, something not possible in standard models. In dynamic networks spite evolves due to transient and partial anti-correlated interaction, even when other behaviors are positively correlated and average degree of correlated interaction in the population is low.


Asunto(s)
Conducta , Red Social , Teoría del Juego , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Modelos Teóricos
12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 327, 2021 01 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436581

RESUMEN

Individuals vary widely in how they categorize novel and ambiguous phenomena. This individual variation has led influential theories in cognitive and social science to suggest that communication in large social groups introduces path dependence in category formation, which is expected to lead separate populations toward divergent cultural trajectories. Yet, anthropological data indicates that large, independent societies consistently arrive at highly similar category systems across a range of topics. How is it possible for diverse populations, consisting of individuals with significant variation in how they categorize the world, to independently construct similar category systems? Here, we investigate this puzzle experimentally by creating an online "Grouping Game" in which we observe how people in small and large populations collaboratively construct category systems for a continuum of ambiguous stimuli. We find that solitary individuals and small groups produce highly divergent category systems; however, across independent trials with unique participants, large populations consistently converge on highly similar category systems. A formal model of critical mass dynamics in social networks accurately predicts this process of scale-induced category convergence. Our findings show how large communication networks can filter lexical diversity among individuals to produce replicable society-level patterns, yielding unexpected implications for cultural evolution.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Social , Red Social , Humanos , Densidad de Población , Factores de Tiempo , Vocabulario
13.
Interv. psicosoc. (Internet) ; 30(1): 13-26, ene. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET2-7580

RESUMEN

The simultaneous implementation of a program in multiple sites poses a challenge for the adequate coordination and internal consistency of an intervention. The operation of the network of program facilitators can be critical for effectiveness and community adjustment of such interventions. In this paper, we conducted a case study of a community prevention program for drug addiction applied in a large group of cities in Andalusia, in southern Spain. The aim was to explore how integrated planning and local adaptation are combined in community prevention, through the collaboration network between program facilitators. For this aim, we analyze and describe two types of relevant roles of local facilitators: those that have a central coordinating role, versus peripheral "connectors", which have a bridge role between different geographical areas. The network of the "Cities against Drugs" program in the province of Seville (n = 45) showed a core-periphery structure, with coordination patterns clearly influenced by the geographical location of facilitators. The capital and its metropolitan area not only have greater geographic centrality but also a central role in the social network. On the other hand, the role of "connectors" seems to be functional to avoid the fragmentation of the remotest regional nuclei. Finally, we discuss the tension between central coordination of the program and the adaptation to peculiarities of each local context


La implementación de un programa en múltiples lugares simultáneamente supone un reto para la coordinación adecuada y la consistencia interna de la intervención. El funcionamiento de la red de facilitadores del programa puede ser decisiva para la efectividad y el ajuste comunitario de tales intervenciones. En este artículo realizamos un estudio de casos de un programa de prevención comunitaria de drogodependencias que se aplica en un amplio conjunto de ciudades de Andalucía, en el sur de España. Analizamos y describimos dos tipos de posiciones relevantes de los facilitadores locales: aquellos que tienen un papel central de coordinación para el conjunto de aplicadores del programa, frente a los "conectores" periféricos, que tienen un papel de puente entre áreas geográficas diferenciadas. La red del programa Ciudades ante las Drogas (n = 45) en la provincia de Sevilla mostró una estructura centro-periferia, con patrones de coordinación claramente influidos por la ubicación geográfica de los facilitadores. La capital y su área metropolitana no solo tienen mayor centralidad geográfica sino un papel central en la red social. Por su parte, el papel de los "conectores" parece ser funcional para evitar la fragmentación de los núcleos comarcales más alejados. Finalmente, discutimos la tensión entre la coordinación central del programa y la adaptación a las peculiaridades de cada contexto local


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Implementación de Plan de Salud/métodos , Red Social , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/prevención & control , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/psicología , Procesos de Grupo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Análisis y Desempeño de Tareas , Modelos Teóricos
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(1)2021 01 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323526

RESUMEN

Nursing homes and other long-term care facilities account for a disproportionate share of COVID-19 cases and fatalities worldwide. Outbreaks in US nursing homes have persisted despite nationwide visitor restrictions beginning in mid-March. An early report issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention identified staff members working in multiple nursing homes as a likely source of spread from the Life Care Center in Kirkland, WA, to other skilled nursing facilities. The full extent of staff connections between nursing homes-and the role these connections serve in spreading a highly contagious respiratory infection-is currently unknown given the lack of centralized data on cross-facility employment. We perform a large-scale analysis of nursing home connections via shared staff and contractors using device-level geolocation data from 50 million smartphones, and find that 5.1% of smartphone users who visited a nursing home for at least 1 h also visited another facility during our 11-wk study period-even after visitor restrictions were imposed. We construct network measures of connectedness and estimate that nursing homes, on average, share connections with 7.1 other facilities. Traditional federal regulatory metrics of nursing home quality are unimportant in predicting outbreaks, consistent with recent research. Controlling for demographic and other factors, a home's staff network connections and its centrality within the greater network strongly predict COVID-19 cases.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Casas de Salud , Pandemias , /patogenicidad , /prevención & control , Brotes de Enfermedades , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituciones de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermería , Teléfono Inteligente , Red Social
15.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 92: 104261, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987355

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The levels of hopelessness affect older adults' physical and mental health. However, there has been a lack of research on the hopelessness among Chinese older adults. The aims of this study were to explore factors associated with hopelessness and the moderating role of social networks among Chinese older adults. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study among older adults (n = 837) from nine communities in Xi'an and Beijing in China, and collected the participants' levels of hopelessness, demographic information (age and gender), socioeconomic status (marital status, education, monthly income, living status, and alimony), life satisfaction, health information (self-rated health and sleep quality), and quality of social networks. RESULTS: Of the participants, 61.9% reported different levels of hopelessness symptoms; 71.2% reported poor sleep quality, and 21.1% reported low levels of social networks. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that marital status, monthly income, alimony, life satisfaction, and sleep quality were significantly associated with hopelessness. A PROCESS analysis demonstrated that social networks played a moderating role in the relationship between sleep quality and hopelessness. CONCLUSION: Chinese older adults who had no spouse, had lower incomes, and were dissatisfied with life were more likely to have higher levels of hopelessness. Furthermore, older adults who did not receive financial support from their children reported higher levels of hopelessness. In addition, the worse the sleep quality the higher levels of hopelessness in older adults. However, high levels of social networks could weaken the negative effect of sleep quality on hopelessness.


Asunto(s)
Autoimagen , Red Social , Anciano , Beijing , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Apoyo Social
16.
Med Care ; 59(1): e1-e8, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165149

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the potential impact of provider social networks and experiences with patients on deimplementation of breast cancer screening. RESEARCH DESIGN: We constructed the Breast Cancer-Social network Agent-based Model (BC-SAM), which depicts breast cancer screening decisions, incidence, and progression among 10,000 women ages 40 and over and the screening recommendations of their providers over a 30-year period. The model has patient and provider modules that each incorporate social network influences. Patients and providers were connected in a network, which represented patient-patient peer connections, provider-provider peer connections, connections between providers and patients they treat, and friend/family relationships between patients and providers. We calibrated provider decisions in the model using data from the CanSNET national survey of primary care physicians in the United States, which we fielded in 2016. RESULTS: First, assuming that providers' screening recommendations for women ages 50-74 remain unchanged but their recommendations for screening among younger (below 50 y old) and older (75+ y old) women decrease, we observed a decline in predicted screening rates for women ages 50-74 due to spillover effects. Second, screening rates for younger and older women were slow to respond to changes in provider recommendations; a 78% decline in provider recommendations to older women over 30 years resulted in an estimated 23% decline in patient screening in that group. Third, providers' experiences with unscreened patients, friends, and family members modestly increased screening recommendations over time (7 percentage points). Finally, we found that provider peer effects can have a substantial impact on population screening rates and can entrench existing practices. CONCLUSION: Modeling cancer screening as a complex social system demonstrates a range of potential effects and may help target future interventions designed to reduce overscreening.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/diagnóstico , Detección Precoz del Cáncer/estadística & datos numéricos , Guías como Asunto/normas , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina/estadística & datos numéricos , Red Social , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Médicos de Atención Primaria , Estados Unidos
17.
Health Commun ; 36(1): 98-108, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198528

RESUMEN

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, public health communication campaigns have been targeted at reducing viral transmission, specifically among populations most vulnerable to infection and death from the virus (e.g. older adults). However, other individuals who have not been defined as vulnerable populations may also suffer from a decrease in health because of the measures aimed at reducing viral transmission, such as social distancing. To illuminate this issue, we investigate the role of social and media resources in complementing limited offline communication and supporting mental and physical health during this pandemic. We then suggest an alternative audience segmentation strategy based on social and media resources for public health interventions. Based on online survey data from 723 adults in South Korea, the regression analysis results indicated that individuals with lower levels of social resources suffered more during the pandemic. The cluster analysis results revealed that, contrary to the traditional definition of vulnerable populations, a cluster of younger people were unhealthier than a cluster of older people because of a lack of social resources. Clusters with different levels of ICT skills and uses for health-related activities also experienced the pandemic differently. These findings imply public health interventions should focus on social resources beyond the demographic factors to determine target audiences, and that they should take advantage of the target audiences' media resources to encourage them to forge intimate connections with others and to engage in health-related activities.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Salud Mental , Práctica de Salud Pública , Apoyo Social , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Femenino , Comunicación en Salud/métodos , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Análisis de Regresión , República de Corea/epidemiología , Capital Social , Red Social , Factores Socioeconómicos
18.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-47993

RESUMEN

O SUS está nas redes! Todos os dias a gente publica nas redes sociais e ambientes virtuais nossas experiências, conteúdos interessantes, eventos, entre tantos outros assuntos com o objetivo de compartilhar e falar o que e como o SUS produz cuidado à população brasileira. A questão é: como juntar tudo isso e dar visibilidade ao que já é produzido? Como encontrar essas produções de forma mais fácil? Enfim, como conectar as valiosas iniciativas existentes e que fazem toda a diferença na produção do cuidado em saúde? O #susconecta surgiu justamente do desafio de dar uma resposta consistente a essas perguntas. Ampliar e dar visibilidade às narrativas, organizando o conhecimento existente e estimulando a produção de novos, a ocupação das redes, com narrativas relacionadas à Atenção, Formação, Gestão e Controle Social no SUS. Direcionado a gestores, profissionais, professores, estudantes, pesquisadores e usuários do SUS, o #susconecta reúne conteúdos de diversas plataformas virtuais e potencializa a integração delas por meio de um login único. Neste momento, o #susconecta liga a Comunidade de Práticas e o Portal Saúde Baseada em Evidências e o Ambiente Virtual de Aprendizagem do SUS (AVASUS). Um portal do conhecimento ou um portal de portais com foco na curadoria de conteúdos, dando visibilidade às iniciativas já existentes e promovendo o intercâmbio de informações e experiências para a disseminação de ideias e conhecimentos. Além da integração potencial dos sistemas por meio do login único, a primeira versão do #susconecta oferece um repositório de conteúdos cujo objetivo é sistematizar e disponibilizar o conhecimento existente de forma fácil, dando destaque e conectando as diferentes iniciativas virtuais e presenciais do SUS. São eventos, oportunidades, redes e comunidades, experiências e uma midiateca que permitem você achar o que precisa em um só lugar.


Asunto(s)
Sistema Único de Salud/organización & administración , Red Social , Gestión de la Información en Salud , Intercambio de Información en Salud , Diseminación Selectiva de Información
19.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243930, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326462

RESUMEN

Thailand has the highest road traffic fatality rate in Southeast Asia, making road safety a critical public health concern. A 2015 World Health Organization (WHO) Report showed that speeding behavior was the most important determinant for road traffic crashes in Thailand. Here, we aimed to examine associations of socio-demographic factors (gender, age, socioeconomic status) with self-reported motorcycle speeding behavior. Additionally, we examined a potential role of time discounting and risk preference as mediators in the association of socio-demographic factors with speeding. We used data obtained from the Mahasarakham University Social Network Survey 2018 (MSUSSS) (N = 150). We ran linear network autocorrelation models (lnam) to account for the data's social network structure. We found that males are more likely than females to engage in speeding behavior (ß = 0.140, p = 0.001) and to discount the future (ß = 5.175, p = 0.017). However, further causal mediation analysis showed that time discounting does not mediate the gender-speeding association (p for mediation = 0.540). Although socioeconomic status (subjective social class) was not associated with speeding (ß = 0.039, p = 0.177), age was marginally associated with speeding (ß = 0.005, p = 0.093). Future studies may consider using a larger sample.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Tránsito/psicología , Conducción de Automóvil/psicología , Conducta , Accidentes de Tránsito/prevención & control , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Motocicletas , Factores de Riesgo , Asunción de Riesgos , Autoinforme , Factores Sexuales , Red Social , Tailandia , Universidades , Adulto Joven
20.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 983-995, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145576

RESUMEN

Este artigo traz o estudo realizado com o objetivo de identificar as publicações sobre como os cuidados paliativos são abordados nas mídias sociais. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura, com pesquisa de artigos nas bases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs) e Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), em português, inglês e espanhol. Foram selecionados quinze artigos que atendiam aos critérios de seleção propostos, e são aqui apresentados por meio da construção de um quadro sinóptico, contendo título do estudo, periódico, ano de publicação e abordagem dos cuidados paliativos nas mídias sociais. Os resultados dos estudos demonstram que os cuidados paliativos necessitam ser melhor difundidos nas mídias sociais. Entretanto, tal evolução deve ocorrer com cautela, de modo a evitar riscos de comprometer a qualidade das informações e a respeitar questões éticas que envolvem pacientes e profissionais de saúde. Cabe destacar o papel do enfermeiro em ações de educação em saúde relacionadas com cuidados paliativos.


The study presented in this article aims to identify publications which reveal how palliative care is approached on social media. It is an integrative literature review, using search of articles in the bases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (Lilacs) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), in Portuguese, English and Spanish languages. Fifteen articles that met the proposed selection criteria were selected, and they are presented here through the construction of a synoptic table, containing the title of the study, the journal in which it was published, its publication date and the specific approaches to palliative care in social media. The results of the studies demonstrate that the palliative care needs to be better disseminated on social media. However, caution should be taken while such dissemination occuring, in order to prevent risks damaging the quality of information and to follow ethical issues involving patients and health professionals. The role of nurses in health education actions regarding the palliative care should be highlighted.


El estudio presentado en este artículo tiene el objetivo de identificar publicaciones sobre cómo se aborda el cuidado paliativo en las redes sociales. Es una revisión literaria integrativa, haciendo una búsqueda de artículos en las bases del Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (Lilacs) y Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), en portugués, inglés y español. Se seleccionaron quince artículos que cumplían los criterios de selección propuestos, y ellos son presentados aquí a través de la construcción de un cuadro sinóptico, que contiene el título del estudio, la revista en la cual ha sido publicado, el año de publicación y el abordaje de los cuidados paliativos en las redes sociales. Los resultados de los estudios demuestran que los cuidados paliativos deben ser mejor difundidos en las redes sociales. Sin embargo, dicha difusión debe ocurrir con precaución para evitar riesgos de perjudicar la calidad de la información y para cumplir las cuestiones éticas que involucran pacientes y profesionales de la salud. El papel de los enfermeros y de las enfermeras en las acciones de educación en salud relacionadas con cuidados paliativos debe ser destacado.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Internet , Acceso a la Información , Red Social , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Personal de Salud , Comunicación , Difusión de la Información , Tecnología de la Información
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA