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3.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 25(4): 516-519, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786570

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine whether older users of information and communicative technology (ICT) participate in active behaviors, such as voluntary exercise, to maintain health, even under community containment to suppress the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community setting. PARTICIPANTS: Independent community-dwelling older residents aged ≥75 years. MEASUREMENTS: The municipality sent the Kihon Checklist (KCL) and Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ) with several questions on lifestyle and health conditions under social restriction. RESULTS: Among 3199 responders (72.1%), we analyzed the data of 2304 residents who provided complete answers to the KCL and SNAQ and on ICT use, voluntary exercise, polypharmacy, and families. The mean age was 79.7 years (51.3% male). The percentages of frailty assessed by the KCL, voluntary exercise, and low SNAQ scores (≤14) were 16.0%, 61.4%, and 43.8% in 808 ICT users and 30.3%, 47.2%, and 54.1% in 1496 ICT non-users, respectively (p<0.001). ICT use was significantly associated with voluntary exercise even during social restriction, independent of age, sex, polypharmacy, low SNAQ scores, and frailty status (odds ratio, 1.503; 95% confidential interval, 1.246-1.813). CONCLUSION: Older ICT users are more active to maintain health even during social restriction, independent of frailty status.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Ejercicio Físico , Fragilidad/fisiopatología , Redes Sociales en Línea , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Vida Independiente , Internet , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Tecnología
4.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42(spe): e20200158, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566886

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To report a virtual Cultural Circle experience implemented with nurses to allow them to dialogue and promote health amidst the pandemic of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHOD: Experience report of a virtual Cultural Circle based on Paulo Freire's framework. The stages were correlated to the oil lamp, the symbol of the nursing profession: the lamp body was considered the Thematic Investigation, the lamp support corresponded to Encoding and Decoding, and the light corresponded to Critical Unveiling. Fourteen nurses working in different health settings located in different Brazilian regions participated. RESULTS: Two themes emerged: adjusting my inner light and taking care of my family and work. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The nurses exchanged experiences and strengthened themselves to overcome the challenges imposed by the fight against the COVID-19, acquiring autonomy to take care of themselves and provide care to others.


Asunto(s)
/enfermería , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Redes Sociales en Línea , Adulto , Brasil , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad
5.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 15(1): [1-13], jan. 2021. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1145732

RESUMEN

Objetivo: elaborar um protótipo para um aplicativo móvel a fim de ampliar a disponibilidade de apoio social para as gestantes. Método: trata-se de um estudo misto, tipo transversal, realizado com gestantes usuárias da atenção básica à saúde de unidades vinculadas ao Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Elaborou-se, a partir dos resultados obtidos na pesquisa, um protótipo para aplicativo móvel no modelo SCRUM para sistema operacional Android. Resultados: nominou-se o protótipo de Apoia. Revelam-se as funcionalidades do Apoia de proporcionar a interação entre a gestante e as pessoas por ela escolhidas para comporem a rede social, possibilitar a troca de mensagens de apoio, resgatar a disponibilidade das pessoas em oferecer ajuda, assessorando, dessas formas, a mulher grávida no processo de viabilização do apoio social. Conclusão: acredita-se que o Apoia é um recurso inovador, com o intuito de construir e ampliar o apoio social para gestantes usuárias a partir da construção e flexibilização da rede social com o uso das tecnologias da informação e comunicação na saúde.(AU)


Objective: to develop a prototype for a mobile application in order to increase the availability of social support for pregnant women. Method: this is a cross-sectional, mixed study conducted with pregnant women who use basic health care in units linked to the Unified Health System (UHS). Based on the results obtained in the research, a prototype for a mobile application in the SCRUM model for the Android operating system was elaborated. Results: the prototype of Apoia was named. The functionalities of Apoia are revealed: to provide interaction between the pregnant woman and the people she has chosen to make up the social network, to enable the exchange of support messages, to rescue people's willingness to offer help, thus assisting the pregnant woman in the process of making social support possible. Conclusion: It is believed that Apoia is an innovative resource, with the aim of building and expanding social support for pregnant users from the construction and flexibility of the social network with the use of information and communication technologies in health.(AU)


Objetivo: desarrollar un prototipo de aplicación móvil con el fin de aumentar la disponibilidad de apoyo social para mujeres embarazadas. Método: se trata de un estudio mixto, transversal, realizado con mujeres embarazadas usuarias de atención primaria de salud en unidades vinculadas al Sistema Único de Salud (SUS). A partir de los resultados obtenidos en la investigación se elaboró un prototipo de aplicación móvil en el modelo SCRUM para sistema operativo Android. Resultados: se nombró el prototipo de Apoia. Las características de Apoia se revelan para brindar interacción entre la gestante y las personas elegidas por ella para componer la red social, posibilitar el intercambio de mensajes de apoyo, rescatar la disponibilidad de personas para ofrecer ayuda, asesorando así a la mujer. embarazada en el proceso de habilitar el apoyo social. Conclusión: se cree que Apoia es un recurso innovador, con el objetivo de construir y ampliar el apoyo social a usuarias embarazadas desde la construcción y flexibilización de la red social con el uso de tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en salud. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Atención Primaria de Salud , Apoyo Social , Mujeres Embarazadas , Tecnología de la Información , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Aplicaciones Móviles , Salud Materna , Redes Sociales en Línea , Salud Materno-Infantil , Estudios Transversales
6.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 15(1): [1-25], jan. 2021. ilus, tab
Artículo en Portugués | BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1147656

RESUMEN

Objetivo: analisar os conteúdos sobre criança prematura, veiculados por familiares, em uma mídia social, por meio de textos de imagem e escritos. Método: estudo qualitativo, de análise de imagem e de grupo social, em mídia social. A população do estudo foi comporta por posts em mídia social e a amostra, por posts em mídia social postados por familiares de crianças prematuras que se engajaram em uma campanha na mídia social para divulgar as experiências no cuidado à criança prematura. O corpus textual e imagético deste estudo consta de 21 textos escritos e de imagem. Resultados: emergiram duas categorias simbólicas: Cuidado à criança prematura doente e Vínculo mãe e filho prematuro. Conclusão: os familiares compartilharam conteúdos escritos e de imagem relacionados aos cuidados com a criança prematura, sobretudo, no ambiente hospitalar.(AU)


Aim: to analyze contents about the premature child, linked by family members, in social media, through written and image texts. Method: qualitative study, of image analysis and of social groups, in social media. Study population was composed of posts made by family members of premature children, engaged in a social media campaign to share experiences on caring for the premature children, in the social media. Textual and imagetic corpus of this study was composed by 21 written and image texts. Results: two symbolic categories emerged: Care to the sick premature child and Mother and premature child bond. Conclusion: family members shared written and image contents families related to the premature child, above all, in the hospital setting. Descriptors: Infant, Premature; Family Relations; Social Media; Pediatric Nursing; Critical Care; Qualitative Research.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar contenidos sobre prematuros reportados por familiares a través de redes sociales por medio de imágenes y textos escritos. Método: se trata de un estudio cualitativo que utilizó análisis de imágenes y grupos sociales de las redes sociales. La población de estudio consistió en publicaciones en redes sociales y la muestra por publicaciones en redes sociales publicadas por familiares de niños prematuros que participaron en una campaña en las redes sociales para difundir experiencias en el cuidado de niños prematuros. El corpus textual e imaginario de este estudio consta de 21 textos escritos con imágenes. Resultados: surgieron las siguientes dos categorías simbólicas: Cuidado del lactante prematuro y Vínculo madre-lactante prematuro. Conclusión: los miembros de la familia compartieron contenido escrito y imágenes relacionados con el cuidado del prematuro, especialmente en el ámbito hospitalario.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Recién Nacido , Recien Nacido Prematuro , Familia , Grupo Social , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Redes Sociales en Línea , Relaciones Madre-Hijo , Unidades de Cuidado Intensivo Neonatal , Investigación Cualitativa
7.
Clin Anat ; 34(1): 82-89, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648289

RESUMEN

COVID-19 has generated a global need for technologies that enable communication, collaboration, education and scientific discourse whilst maintaining physical distance. University closures due to COVID-19 and physical distancing measures disrupt academic activities that previously occurred face-to-face. Restrictions placed on universities due to COVID-19 have precluded most conventional forms of education, assessment, research and scientific discourse. Anatomists now require valid, robust and easy-to-use communication tools to facilitate remote teaching, learning and research. Recent advances in communication, video conferencing and digital technologies may facilitate continuity of teaching and research activities. Examples include highly-interactive video conferencing technology, collaborative tools, social media and networking platforms. In this narrative review, we examine the utility of these technologies in supporting effective communication and professional activities of anatomists during COVID-19 and after.


Asunto(s)
Anatomía/educación , Medios de Comunicación , Educación a Distancia , Investigación , Anatomía/métodos , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Conducta Cooperativa , Educación Médica/métodos , Humanos , Redes Sociales en Línea , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Interfaz Usuario-Computador , Comunicación por Videocoferencia
8.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 111(10): 852-860, dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-193096

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia de COVID-19 introdujo cambios drásticos en nuestras vidas. Tratando de encontrar una herramienta adecuada para la formación y el debate dermatológico durante el confinamiento, se celebró un congreso médico on-line durante los días 25 y 26 de abril del 2020. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar las características, la opinión y el grado de satisfacción de los asistentes a dicho congreso. En segundo lugar, se buscó explicar cómo se organizó este formato de reunión. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se entregó un cuestionario a los asistentes a un congreso on-line realizado a través de la aplicación Telegram® Messenger App. Se describió paso a paso su organización y planificación. No se necesitó apoyo financiero, ya que fue realizado de manera voluntaria. RESULTADOS: El grado de satisfacción tanto de los ponentes como de los asistentes fue muy elevado. Todos los participantes consideraron que este formato tenía un gran presente y futuro. La mayoría lo calificó como superior a las reuniones presenciales tradicionales. Ser del sexo femenino y tener una práctica clínica predominantemente privada favorecieron esta opinión. DISCUSIÓN: La pandemia obligó a cancelar la mayoría de las reuniones científicas presenciales. Esto fue visto por algunos autores como una excelente oportunidad para mejorar y liderar el cambio a las reuniones virtuales. Aunque el confinamiento no permitió un contacto real, nuestra reunión demostró que era posible asegurar la interacción entre los participantes. Los dermatólogos pudieron participar en una actividad formativa a pesar de que debido a las circunstancias se interrumpiera su actividad práctica diaria. La mayoría de los asistentes tuvieron la sensación de que esta era una actividad nueva y atractiva, que superaba incluso a las reuniones presenciales tradicionales


INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic outbreak introduced dramatic changes in all our lives, daily practice, and medical conferences. In search of a tool to spread dermatologic knowledge during confinement, an online medical meeting was held on April 25th to 26th, 2020. In this study, we aimed to assess the characteristics, opinion and satisfaction of the attendees to a free-of-charge online congress. Secondarily, we intended to explain how this meeting was prepared. METHODS: Online survey administered to the attendees to an online congress organised via the Telegram® Messenger App. Its organisation and planning, which needed no financial support and was done by volunteer organisers, moderators and speakers, is described step by step. RESULTS: The satisfaction of both speakers and attendees was very high. All participants considered that this format had a great present and future, and most of them rated it as superior to regular face-to-face meetings. Female gender and predominantly private practice favoured this opinion. DISCUSSION: The COVID-19 pandemic has forced the cancellation of most scientific gatherings. This has been seen by some authors as an excellent opportunity, encouraging medical societies and organisations to lead the change to virtual meetings. Although confinement did not allow real contact, our online meeting showed it was possible to ensure interaction and participation between attendees, moderators and speakers. Dermatologists enjoyed some dermatologic science, even despite the extraordinary circumstances disrupting their daily clinical practice. Most of them felt they were participating in something new and compelling that many felt superior to traditional meetings


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Congresos como Asunto/organización & administración , Acceso a Internet , Cuarentena , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Sistemas en Línea , Comunicación y Divulgación Científica , Dermatología , Redes Sociales en Línea , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Rev. esp. drogodepend ; 45(4): 65-85, oct.-dic. 2020.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-199686

RESUMEN

Este trabajo propone una conceptualización no adictiva de la necesidad humana de comunicarse mediante redes sociales en línea. Las consecuencias negativas del uso de redes sociales en línea no son lo suficientemente graves para considerar esta conducta como una posible adicción y la falta de estudios longitudinales y de muestras clínicas invitan a la cautela para no patologizar conductas novedosas. Debemos entender el uso problemático de las redes sociales en el contexto del perfil psicológico del usuario, las motivaciones y gratificaciones y su contexto socio-cultural para entender cómo se produce un uso problemático y cómo combatirlo. Pese a estas consideraciones, las redes sociales en línea pueden ser problemáticas para algunas franjas de edad y para personas que padecen algunos trastornos primarios cuando su uso está mediado por el miedo a quedarse fuera (Fear of Missing Out, FOMO), la búsqueda de validación y la evitación del afrontamiento. Parece que la ayuda más efectiva se puede centrar en el tratamiento en los trastornos primarios comórbidos de los cuales el uso problemático de las redes sociales es, a menudo, un efecto secundario


This paper proposes a non-addictive conceptualization of the human need to interact through online social networks. The negative consequences of online social network use have led to much research on social media addiction. However, these consequences are not severe enough to consider problematic social media use as a disorder. Additionally, the lack of longitudinal studies, clinical samples and standardized diagnostic measures require us to be cautious of pathologizing novel technological behaviors such as social media use. We must understand the problematic use of social networks in the context of the user's psychological profile, motivations, gratifications and socio-cultural context in order to understand how problematic use occurs and how to combat it. Despite our argument that social media addiction has not been proven to exist at this time, online social networks have been associated with various problems, particularly in certain age groups and in people who suffer from other primary disorders, especially when their use is mediated by the Fear of Missing Out (FOMO), a search for validation and avoidance coping. It appears that the most effective help for those experiencing problems from social media use may be psychoeducation and treating the primary comorbid disorder of which problematic social media use is often a side effect


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Redes Sociales en Línea , Conducta Adictiva/psicología , Factores de Tiempo , Acceso a Internet , Motivación
11.
Rev. esp. drogodepend ; 45(4): 86-95, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-199687

RESUMEN

Una de las características más relevantes de las drogodependencias es la comorbilidad entre diferentes sustancias. No existe, sin embargo, mucha información en lo que se refiere a las adicciones comportamentales entre sí, especialmente entre las denominadas adicciones tecnológicas y el juego. En este trabajo se analiza la correlación en el entre los criterios de la adicción al juego con los de las tecnologías y consumo de tabaco y alcohol en una muestra de 2.074 adolescentes entre 14 y 19 años a los que se les administró el programa de prevención de la adicción al juego, Ludens. En el caso de las adicciones comportamentales, solamente se encontraron correlaciones elevadas entre las puntuaciones de adicción a móvil y redes sociales, lo cual está en la línea de la hipótesis de que la existencia de comorbilidad entre adicciones comportamentales requiere de la participación de procesos psicológicos comunes y de que la absorción en la que se imbuyen las personas con este tipo de adicciones es difícilmente compatible con la presencia de otras adicciones comportamentales que también requieran de un elevado grado de implicación


Comorbidity in drug use is one of the most relevant aspects of substance addictions. It is, however, an issue on which there is still not enough scientific research regarding behavioral addictions and the relationship with other addictions, especially in regard to the so-called technological addictions. This paper analyzes the relationship between the main criteria of gambling addiction with that of technology, and tobacco and alcohol consumption in 2,074 adolescents between 14 and 19 years of age who were administered the addiction prevention program to gambling, Ludens. In the case of behavioral addictions, the only high correlations were found between mobile and social network addiction scores. This result is in line with the hypothesis that the existence of comorbidity among behavioral addictions requires the participation of common psychological processes. Besides, the absorption into which people with this type of addiction are imbued is usually incompatible with the presence of other behavioral addictions that also require a high degree of involvement


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Conducta Adictiva/epidemiología , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/psicología , Juegos de Video/psicología , Juegos de Video/estadística & datos numéricos , Redes Sociales en Línea , Comorbilidad , Distribución por Sexo , Tecnología , Factores de Tiempo , España/epidemiología , Juego de Azar/epidemiología , Juego de Azar/psicología
12.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 983-995, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145576

RESUMEN

Este artigo traz o estudo realizado com o objetivo de identificar as publicações sobre como os cuidados paliativos são abordados nas mídias sociais. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura, com pesquisa de artigos nas bases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs) e Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), em português, inglês e espanhol. Foram selecionados quinze artigos que atendiam aos critérios de seleção propostos, e são aqui apresentados por meio da construção de um quadro sinóptico, contendo título do estudo, periódico, ano de publicação e abordagem dos cuidados paliativos nas mídias sociais. Os resultados dos estudos demonstram que os cuidados paliativos necessitam ser melhor difundidos nas mídias sociais. Entretanto, tal evolução deve ocorrer com cautela, de modo a evitar riscos de comprometer a qualidade das informações e a respeitar questões éticas que envolvem pacientes e profissionais de saúde. Cabe destacar o papel do enfermeiro em ações de educação em saúde relacionadas com cuidados paliativos.


The study presented in this article aims to identify publications which reveal how palliative care is approached on social media. It is an integrative literature review, using search of articles in the bases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (Lilacs) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), in Portuguese, English and Spanish languages. Fifteen articles that met the proposed selection criteria were selected, and they are presented here through the construction of a synoptic table, containing the title of the study, the journal in which it was published, its publication date and the specific approaches to palliative care in social media. The results of the studies demonstrate that the palliative care needs to be better disseminated on social media. However, caution should be taken while such dissemination occuring, in order to prevent risks damaging the quality of information and to follow ethical issues involving patients and health professionals. The role of nurses in health education actions regarding the palliative care should be highlighted.


El estudio presentado en este artículo tiene el objetivo de identificar publicaciones sobre cómo se aborda el cuidado paliativo en las redes sociales. Es una revisión literaria integrativa, haciendo una búsqueda de artículos en las bases del Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (Lilacs) y Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), en portugués, inglés y español. Se seleccionaron quince artículos que cumplían los criterios de selección propuestos, y ellos son presentados aquí a través de la construcción de un cuadro sinóptico, que contiene el título del estudio, la revista en la cual ha sido publicado, el año de publicación y el abordaje de los cuidados paliativos en las redes sociales. Los resultados de los estudios demuestran que los cuidados paliativos deben ser mejor difundidos en las redes sociales. Sin embargo, dicha difusión debe ocurrir con precaución para evitar riesgos de perjudicar la calidad de la información y para cumplir las cuestiones éticas que involucran pacientes y profesionales de la salud. El papel de los enfermeros y de las enfermeras en las acciones de educación en salud relacionadas con cuidados paliativos debe ser destacado.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Acceso a la Información , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Redes Sociales en Línea , Personal de Salud , Difusión de la Información/métodos
13.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e041995, 2020 12 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371040

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Jordan, a Middle Eastern country, declared a state of national emergency due to COVID-19 and a strict nationwide lockdown on 17 March 2020, banning all travel and movement around the country, potentially impacting mental health. This study sought to investigate the association between mental health (eg, anxiety and depressive symptoms) and sleep health among a sample of Jordanians living through a state of COVID-19-induced nationwide lockdown. METHODS: Using Facebook, participants (n=1240) in Jordan in March 2020 were recruited and direct to a web-based survey measuring anxiety (items from General Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale instrument), depressive symptoms (items from Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale), sleep health (items from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) and sociodemographic. A modified Poisson regression model with robust error variance. Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) and 95% CIs were estimated to examine how anxiety and depressive symptoms may affect different dimensions of sleep health: (1) poor sleep quality, (2) short sleep duration, (3) encountering sleep problems. RESULTS: The majority of participants reported having experienced mild (33.8%), moderate (12.9%) or severe (6.3%) levels of anxiety during lockdown, and nearly half of respondents reported depressive symptoms during lockdown. Similarly, over 60% of participants reported having experienced at least one sleep problem in the last week, and nearly half reported having had short sleep duration. Importantly, anxiety was associated with poor sleep health outcomes. For example, corresponding to the dose-response relationship between anxiety and sleep health outcomes, those reporting severe anxiety were the most likely to experience poor sleep quality (aPR =8.95; 95% CI=6.12 to 13.08), short sleep duration (aPR =2.23; 95% CI=1.91 to 2.61) and at least one problem sleep problem (aPR=1.73; 95% CI=1.54 to 1.95). Moreover, depressive symptoms were also associated with poor sleep health outcomes. As compared with scoring in the first quartile, scoring fourth quartile was associated with poor sleep quality (aPR=11.82; 95% CI=6.64 to 21.04), short sleep duration (aPR=1.87; 95% CI=1.58 to 2.22), and experiencing at least one sleep problem (aPR=1.90; 95% CI=1.66 to 2.18). CONCLUSIONS: Increased levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms can negatively influence sleep health among a sample of Jordanian adults living in a state of COVID-19-induced nationwide lockdown.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Depresión , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño , Aislamiento Social/psicología , Adulto , Ansiedad/complicaciones , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , /prevención & control , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Depresión/complicaciones , Depresión/diagnóstico , Femenino , Humanos , Jordania/epidemiología , Masculino , Salud Mental/tendencias , Redes Sociales en Línea , Prevalencia , Técnicas Psicológicas , Higiene del Sueño , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/diagnóstico , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/epidemiología , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/etiología , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(suppl 2): e20200913, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111784

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of flu-like syndrome suggestive of COVID-19 in men who have sex with men (MSM) and engaged in casual sex during a period of social isolation. METHOD: National epidemiological survey, applied in April and May 2020, by adaptation of Respondent Drive Sampling. RESULTS: 1,337 MSM participated in the survey, of which 514 (38.4%) had fever associated with another sign or symptom of flu-like syndrome. Social, demographic characteristics, sexual practices and activities during the period of social isolation were statistically associated with the presence of flu-like syndrome. There was a statistical difference (p < 0.001) in the average of partners between those who had signs and symptoms of flu-like syndrome (3.5) and those who did not (1.7). CONCLUSION: Evidence of signs and symptoms indicative of flu-like syndrome suggestive of COVID 19 in Brazilian MSM who were involved in casual sex during the period of social isolation.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratorio Clínico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Homosexualidad Masculina , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Evaluación de Síntomas , Adulto , Brasil , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Homosexualidad Masculina/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Gripe Humana/diagnóstico , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Redes Sociales en Línea , Pandemias , Cuarentena , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22885, 2020 Oct 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126338

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Publications regarding the 100 top-cited articles in a given discipline are common, but studies reporting the association between article topics and their citations are lacking. Whether or not reviews and original articles have a higher impact factor than case reports is a point for verification in this study. In addition, article topics that can be used for predicting citations have not been analyzed. Thus, this study aims to METHODS:: We searched PubMed Central and downloaded 100 top-cited abstracts in the journal Medicine (Baltimore) since 2011. Four article types and 7 topic categories (denoted by MeSH terms) were extracted from abstracts. Contributors to these 100 top-cited articles were analyzed. Social network analysis and Sankey diagram analysis were performed to identify influential article types and topic categories. MeSH terms were applied to predict the number of article citations. We then examined the prediction power with the correlation coefficients between MeSH weights and article citations. RESULTS: The citation counts for the 100 articles ranged from 24 to 127, with an average of 39.1 citations. The most frequent article types were journal articles (82%) and comparative studies (10%), and the most frequent topics were epidemiology (48%) and blood and immunology (36%). The most productive countries were the United States (24%) and China (23%). The most cited article (PDID = 27258521) with a count of 135 was written by Dr Shang from Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University (China) in 2016. MeSH terms were evident in the prediction power of the number of article citations (correlation coefficients  = 0.49, t = 5.62). CONCLUSION: The breakthrough was made by developing dashboards showing the overall concept of the 100 top-cited articles using the Sankey diagram. MeSH terms can be used for predicting article citations. Analyzing the 100 top-cited articles could help future academic pursuits and applications in other academic disciplines.


Asunto(s)
Bibliometría , Factor de Impacto de la Revista , Medical Subject Headings , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/tendencias , Publicaciones , Predicción , Humanos , Redes Sociales en Línea , PubMed , Publicaciones/clasificación , Publicaciones/normas , Publicaciones/estadística & datos numéricos
17.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 111(8): 665-670, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-197152

RESUMEN

ANTECEDENTES: Las redes sociales se han convertido en una herramienta clave para la búsqueda y difusión de información médica. OBJETIVO: Describir las características de las páginas relacionadas con la dermatitis atópica en las redes sociales, la temática de sus publicaciones y el grado de seguimiento que se realiza de ellas. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se seleccionaron páginas, grupos o cuentas relacionadas con la dermatitis atópica en Facebook, Twitter y Linkedin durante los meses de enero y febrero de 2020. De cada una de ellas se recogieron: el país de origen, año de creación, objetivo, presencia de enlaces a páginas web, existencia de correo electrónico y número de seguidores. Además, se realizó un análisis de las temáticas más frecuentes en las últimas publicaciones de las páginas con más seguidores de cada red social. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron en el estudio un total de 257 páginas, grupos o cuentas (171 en Facebook, 59 en Twitter y 27 en Linkedin). Facebook obtuvo un mayor número medio (±DT) y total de seguidores (1416,71±3722,63). Los grupos de apoyo a pacientes fueron el tipo de página más frecuente (63%), aunque aquellas clasificadas como empresas o venta de productos obtuvieron un mayor número de seguidores (p < 0,035). Se analizaron 909 publicaciones, siendo «Información general sobre dermatitis atópica» la temática más frecuente (27,94% del total). CONCLUSIONES: Nuestros hallazgos ponen de manifiesto la importancia de definir claramente el papel y las limitaciones de estas plataformas para orientar futuras campañas de información y desarrollar nuevos modelos centrados en el paciente con dermatitis atópica


BACKGROUND: Social networks have become key tools for finding and disseminating medical information. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of social network postings on atopic dermatitis, the content that is posted, and the number of followers of pages, groups, or accounts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected pages, groups, or accounts related to atopic dermatitis on Facebook, Twitter, and Linkedin during January and February of 2020. For each site, group, or account we recorded country of origin, year created, purpose, presence of links, provision of a contact email, and number of followers. We also analyzed the topics treated in recent content posts on the pages with the largest numbers of followers in each network. RESULTS: A total of 257 pages, groups, or accounts were included: Facebook, 171; Twitter, 59; and LinkedIn, 27. Facebook had the largest total number of pages and mean (SD) number of followers: 1416.71 (3722.63). Patient support groups accounted for most of the pages (63%), but businesses or product offers had more followers (P <.035). Of the 909 posts of informative content we analyzed, the most frequent topic was "general information about atopic dermatitis" (27.94%). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show the importance of clearly defining the roles and limitations of social media platforms for designing future information campaigns and new patient-centered approaches to reaching patients with atopic dermatitis


Asunto(s)
Redes Sociales en Línea , Dermatitis Atópica , Información de Salud al Consumidor/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Estadísticas no Paramétricas , Factores de Tiempo
19.
J Cell Sci ; 133(15)2020 08 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801132

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted traditional modes of scientific communication. In-person conferences and seminars have been cancelled and most scientists around the world have been confined to their homes. Although challenging, this situation has presented an opportunity to adopt new ways to communicate science and build scientific relationships within a digital environment, thereby reducing the environmental impact and increasing the inclusivity of scientific events. As a group of researchers who have recently created online seminar series for our respective research communities, we have come together to share our experiences and insights. Only a few weeks into this process, and often learning 'on the job', we have collectively encountered different problems and solutions. Here, we share our advice on formats and tools, security concerns, spreading the word to your community and creating a diverse, inclusive and collegial space online. We hope our experience will help others launch their own online initiatives, helping to shape the future of scientific communication as we move past the current crisis.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Ciencia , Realidad Virtual , Seguridad Computacional , Humanos , Redes Sociales en Línea , Investigación
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