Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 16.775
Filtrar
1.
An. psicol ; 39(1): 51-61, Ene-Abr. 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés, Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-213838

RESUMEN

La premisa ampliamente aceptada de que el trabajo colaborati-vo entre los diferentes agentes de la comunidad educativa redunda en la mejora escolar y en mayores logros alcanzados por el alumnado no siempre se cumple debido a la realidad diversa que presentan los centros y a las di-ferentes iniciativas para impulsar la participación familiar. El estudio aborda la percepción que docentes, equipos directivos e inspección educativa tie-nen de las relaciones familia-escuela-comunidad en 23 centros de primaria de la Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, caracterizados por diferentes criterios de eficacia-ineficacia escolar, con la finalidad de identificar buenas prácticas que contribuyan a la mejora escolar. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo-exploratorio-explicativo de metodología mixta, con empleo de cuestiona-rios, entrevistas en profundidad y grupos de discusión. Los resultados muestran que la implicación familiar está mediatizada por factores persona-les del profesorado, que todos los centros tratan de impulsar la colabora-ción familiar, aunque las formas y acciones de participación varían, y que aquellos que mejor funcionan tienen una actitud proactiva, con énfasis en dimensiones diferentes de colaboración. Entre las conclusiones cabe desta-car la adopción de un enfoque sistémico, la revisión y actualización de las modalidades formativas, y la evaluación de las competencias docentes para la colaboración.(AU)


The commonly accepted premise that collaboration among the educational community leads to school improvement and greater student achievement is not always fulfilled due to the diverse reality of schools and various initiatives to promote family participation. This work addresses the perception of teachers, school management teams and educational inspec-tion of family-school-community relations in 23 primary schools in the Basque Autonomous Community, characterized by different criteria related to school effectiveness-ineffectiveness, aiming to identify good practice leading to school improvement. The study is descriptive-exploratory-exploratory-explanatory with mixed methodology, using questionnaires, in-depth interviews and discussion groups. Results show family involvement is mediated by teaching staff ́s personal factors, that all schools try to pro-mote family collaboration, though forms of participation vary, and those which work best are proactive, stressing different collaboration dimen-sions. Conclusions include adopting a systemic approach, review and up-dating of training modalities, and assessment of teaching competences for collaboration.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Maestros , Relaciones Familiares , Rendimiento Académico , Educación Primaria y Secundaria , Psicología , Psicología Clínica , Psicología Social
2.
An. psicol ; 39(1): 127-136, Ene-Abr. 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-213845

RESUMEN

La relación existente entre los contextos de socialización online-offline durante la adolescencia se ha convertido en un tema de investigación relevante en los últimos años, especialmente en el ámbito de la violencia de pareja. Para entender mejor este vínculo, el presente estudio analiza la relación entre la victmización en la violencia de pareja, el uso problemático de las redes sociales virtuales, el sentimiento de soledad y el clima familiar, considerando el género de los adolescentes. Participaron 1020 adolescentes procedentes de Andalucía (49% chicos, M = 16.12; DT = .99). Se realizó un análisis por conglomerados que permitió establecer dos grupos (victimizados y no victimizados), un análisis multivariado de la varianza (2x2 MANOVA) utilizando sexo y violencia de pareja como variables independientes y análisis univariados de varianza para explorer las relaciones significativas detectadas. En los resultados se observó que los/las adolescentes víctimas de violencia de pareja obtuvieron puntuaciones más elevadas que las no víctimas en la adicción a las redes sociales virtuales, sentimiento de soledad y conflicto familiar, y puntuaciones más bajas en cohesión familiar. Las chicas victimizadas mostraron en general puntuaciones más bajas que los chicos victimizados. Los resultados obtenidos aportan información relevante y útil para la prevención de la violencia de pareja y el fomento de relaciones saludables en las primeras relaciones amorosas. Además, señalan la importancia de considerar el contexto online en la investigación acerca de la violencia en la adolescencia.(AU)


The relationship between online-offline socialization contexts during adolescence has become a relevant research topic in recent years, especially in the field of intimate partner violence. To better understand this association, the present study analyzes the relationship between dating violence (DV) victimization and the problematic social networking sites use (PSNSU), the feeling of loneliness, and the family climate, taking into account the adolescents' gender. 1020 adolescents from Andalusia participated (49% boys, M = 16.12, SD = .99). A cluster analysis, which established two groups (victimized and non-victimized), multivariate analysis of variance (2x2 MANOVA) using sex and DV as independent variables, and univariate analysis of variance to explore the significant relationships detected, were performed. The results showed that adolescent victims of DV obtained higher scores than non-victims in PSNSU, feelings of loneliness, and family conflict, and lower scores in family cohesion. Victimized girls generally showed lower scores than victimized boys. The results obtained provide relevant and useful information for the prevention of DV and the promotion of healthy relationships in early dating relationships. In addition, they point out the importance of considering the online context in research on violence in adolescence.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Violencia de Género , Relaciones Familiares , Red Social , Soledad , Víctimas de Crimen , Violencia de Pareja , Psicología , Psicología Clínica , Psicología Social
3.
BMJ ; 380: 74, 2023 01 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649942
4.
J Psychopathol Clin Sci ; 132(1): 1-12, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689368

RESUMEN

Latino immigrant adolescents represent a high-risk group for developing depression. Such risk for depression becomes more salient in emerging destination contexts (e.g., Oregon) where immigrant youth face considerably more stressors compared to traditional contexts (e.g., Texas, New York, and California). However, no study to date has considered how depression unfolds over time among Latino immigrant youth in emerging contexts. Using data from a three-wave prospective longitudinal design across 3 years, we employed latent growth curve (LGC) modeling to assess depression trajectories among 217 Latino immigrant families in the emerging context of western Oregon. Moreover, we assessed the influence of salient predictors on these trajectories across individual (gender and time in U.S. residency), family (family cultural stress, effective parenting practices, parent depression), and sociocultural (ethnic discrimination) levels. Results from LGC revealed that youth, on average, followed a decreasing trajectory of depression. Furthermore, identifying as female and higher levels of parent depression significantly predicted higher baseline levels of youth depression. No significant predictors emerged for the slope. However, follow-up analyses from multiple-group LGCs found that, whereas males were stable in their trajectories, females exhibited significantly more variability in their initial levels of depression and slopes over time. Moreover, when considered separately, predictors were significant only for females such that parent depression predicted higher baseline depression scores, and family cultural stress predicted a more slowly decreasing slope. Results suggest that Latina immigrant females are more variable in their depression patterns than males and may be more sensitive to family-related stressors that contribute to depression. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Hispánicos o Latinos , Racismo , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Relaciones Familiares , Hispánicos o Latinos/psicología , Estudios Prospectivos , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/psicología , Aculturación
5.
J Affect Disord ; 324: 551-558, 2023 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623559

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Due to COVID-19 pandemic and behavior restrictions, deterioration of family relations and mental health in child-rearing households has been reported. This study examined whether frequent parent-child exercise (PCE) is associated with improved family relations and parental mental health under COVID-19. METHODS: Using data from the Japan COVID-19 and Society Internet Survey (JACSIS), a nationwide survey conducted in August-September 2020, we extracted respondents with children aged 6 to 18 years (n = 2960). Logistic regression was performed to investigate the association between PCE frequency and changes in family relations and parental mental health. RESULTS: Compared with participants with 6-12-years old children, those with 13-18-years old children reported less PCE. Among participants with 6-12-years old children, compared to those without PCE, those conducted PCE more than once per week reported more improved relation with children and greater happiness (ORs ≥ 1.69), controlling covariates. Those conducted PCE 3 or more times a week also reported decreased loneliness (OR = 0.68). Whereas PCE conducted 1-2 times a month was not associated with any changes in participants with children of 6-12-years old, it was associated with more improved relations with children and spouses in participants with children of 13-18-years old (ORs ≥ 1.98). DISCUSSION: This study is the first to investigate the association of PCE with family relations and parental mental health under COVID-19. Our results suggest that PCE may enhance family relations and parental mental health and the effect may differ according to child's age.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Salud Mental , Humanos , Niño , Adolescente , Padres/psicología , Pandemias , Relaciones Familiares , Relaciones Padres-Hijo
6.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 18(1): 6, 2023 Jan 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624503

RESUMEN

The "diagnostic odyssey" describes the process those with undiagnosed conditions undergo to identify a diagnosis. Throughout this process, families of children with undiagnosed conditions have multiple opportunities to decide whether to continue or stop their search for a diagnosis and accept the lack of a diagnostic label. Previous studies identified factors motivating a family to begin searching, but there is limited information about the decision-making process in a prolonged search and how the affected child impacts a family's decision. This study aimed to understand how families of children with undiagnosed diseases decide whether to continue to pursue a diagnosis after standard clinical testing has failed. Parents who applied to the Undiagnosed Disease Network (UDN) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) were recruited to participate in semi-structured interviews. The 2015 Supportive Care Needs model by Pelenstov, which defines critical needs in families with rare/undiagnosed diseases, provided a framework for interview guide development and transcript analysis (Pelentsov et al in Disabil Health J 8(4):475-491, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.DHJO.2015.03.009 ). A deductive, iterative coding approach was used to identify common unifying themes. Fourteen parents from 13 families were interviewed. The average child's age was 11 years (range 3-18) and an average 63% of their life had been spent searching for a diagnosis. Our analysis found that alignment or misalignment of parent and child needs impact the trajectory of the diagnostic search. When needs and desires align, reevaluation of a decision to pursue a diagnosis is limited. However, when there is conflict between parent and child desires, there is reevaluation, and often a pause, in the search. This tension is exacerbated when children are adolescents and attempting to balance their dependence on parents for medical care with a natural desire for independence. Our results provide novel insights into the roles of adolescents in the diagnostic odyssey. The tension between desired and realistic developmental outcomes for parents and adolescents impacts if, and how, the search for a diagnosis progresses.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades no Diagnosticadas , Estados Unidos , Niño , Humanos , Adolescente , Preescolar , Relaciones Familiares , Padres , Enfermedades Raras
7.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 28: e51583, 2023.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas | ID: biblio-1406375

RESUMEN

RESUMO O presente artigo apresenta um recorte dos dados coletados em entrevistas durante pesquisa etnográfica on-line acerca da exposição das vivências de vítimas de violência sexual em grupo no Facebook intitulado 'Luta contra o abuso sexual infantil'. Entendemos que os relatos funcionam como uma possibilidade de quebra do pacto de silêncio e se constituem como o início da elaboração do trauma psíquico. As interações no grupo foram registradas em diário de campo durante o período de quatro meses de acompanhamento e os dados aprofundados em dez entrevistas semiestruturadas com participantes contactadas por meio de convite postado no grupo. As entrevistas aconteceram por vídeochamada e perguntavam sobre o sentido que elas produzem ao utilizar o grupo, refletindo sobre a possibilidade de ultrapassar a condição de vítimas. Verifica-se que o uso da plataforma surge como uma possibilidade de fazer algo que ajude outras vítimas, seja por meio do compartilhamento de histórias ou do fornecimento de informações que auxiliem a romper com o ciclo abusivo. Observa-se que cada vítima lida de forma única com o evento traumático, enfrentando impactos psíquicos da agressão e do momento de revelação permeado pela dinâmica familiar e pela assimetria de poder. Desta forma, fica evidenciada a necessidade de uma escuta qualificada que viabilize a reconstrução subjetiva facilitada por um processo de elaboração do ocorrido.


RESUMEN. El presente artículo presenta una compilación de los datos recolectados durante la investigación etnográfica online realizada acerca de la exposición de las vivencias de víctimas de violencia sexual en el grupo de Facebook intitulado 'Lucha contra el abuso infantil'. Entendemos que los relatos funcionan como una posibilidad de romper el pacto de silencio y constituyen el inicio de la elaboración del trauma psíquico. Las interacciones en el grupo se registraron en un diario de campo durante el período de cuatro meses de seguimiento y los datos se profundizaron en diez entrevistas semiestructuradas con participantes contactados a través de una invitación publicada en el grupo. Las entrevistas se realizaron mediante videollamada y se preguntaron sobre el sentido que producen al utilizar el grupo, reflexionando sobre la posibilidad de superar la condición de víctimas. Verifícase que el uso de la plataforma surge como una posibilidad para hacer algo que ayude a otras víctimas, sea por medio de compartir historias o a través del suministro de informaciones que auxilien a romper el ciclo abusivo. Obsérvase que cada víctima lida de forma única con el evento traumático, enfrentando impactos psíquicos de agresión y del momento de revelación permeado por la dinámica familiar y por la asimetría de poder. De esta manera, se evidencia la necesidad de una escucha cualificada que posibilite una reconstrucción subjetiva facilitada por un proceso de elaboración de lo ocurrido.


ABSTRACT This article presents an excerpt of the data collected in interviews during online ethnographic research about the disclosure of the experiences of victims of sexual violence in a Facebook group entitled 'Fight against child sexual abuse'. This study considered the research's understanding that the reports function as a possible way of breaking the pact of silence and become the basis for the beginning of the psychic trauma elaboration. Interactions in the group were recorded in a field diary during the four-month follow-up period. The data were further analyzed in ten semi-structured interviews with participants contacted through an invitation posted in the group. The interviews were conducted by video call and asked about the meaning they produce when using the group, reflecting on the possibility of overcoming the condition of victims. The use of the platform emerges as a possibility to do something that helps other victims, either by sharing stories or providing information that helps break the abusive cycle. It is observed that each victim deals uniquely with the traumatic event, facing the psychic impacts of the aggression and the moment of disclosure permeated by the family dynamics and power asymmetry. Thus, the need for qualified listening is evident, which enables a subjective reconstruction facilitated by elaborating on what happened.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Abuso Sexual Infantil/psicología , Maltrato a los Niños/psicología , Red Social , Delitos Sexuales/psicología , Niño , Agresión/psicología , Relaciones Familiares/psicología , Antropología Cultural
8.
Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 18(1): 2152943, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476045

RESUMEN

AIM: To highlight the experiences of family members of people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and self-harming behaviour who have access to brief admission. METHODS: To understand the families lived experience a phenomenological lifeworld perspective was adopted to this study. Twelve in-depht interviews were performed in November and December 2021 with family members of people with BPD and self-harming behaviour who have accessed BA. The phenomenological life-world perspective guided the analysis. RESULTS: Families' life-world was characterized by anxiety and constant protection of their loved one. They live with constant fear of how their loved ones are feeling and whether they will injure themselves. When access to BA was available this gave hope and provided conditions for families to maintain everyday routines and also enhanced relationships among family members. When families' loved ones were denied BA, they felt betrayed which contributed to negative feelings towards the medical profession, and the families lost confidence in psychiatry. CONCLUSION: By interviewing families of people with BPD and self-harming behaviour who had access to BA, it emerged they possess valuable knowledge. BA can be developed if the needs of families are taken into consideration, and if families are given the opportunity to share emotions and the high burden of responsibility with staff or families in similar situations. If health care staff gives family members a more central role in care and makes their shared life-world visible it could thereby hopefully increase well-being and benefits for the whole family.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno de Personalidad Limítrofe , Conducta Autodestructiva , Humanos , Trastorno de Personalidad Limítrofe/psicología , Familia/psicología , Hospitalización , Relaciones Familiares
9.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(2): 1-15, dic. 2022.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1393245

RESUMEN

Introducción: Tanto la malnutrición por exceso como enfermedades de salud mental han afectado a los jóvenes y se ha buscado conocer cómo repercuten entre sí. El objetivo de esta revisión fue determinar si la malnutrición por exceso afecta la salud mental y/o el autoconcepto de la población infanto-juvenil. Material y método: Se realizó una revisión integrativa de la literatura en el período comprendido entre los años 2016 a 2021 a través de las bases de datos: PubMed, LILACS y EBSCO. Se identificaron 3.985 artículos de forma inicial, en donde sólo 9 cumplían criterios de inclusión y exclusión, dentro de los cuales destaca la disponibilidad del texto completo de forma gratuita o mediante las bases de datos de la Universidad Nacional Andrés Bello. Resultados: Los niños/adolescentes diagnosticados con problemas de malnutrición por exceso experimentan dificultades psicosociales por su autopercepción, dependiendo no sólo de su condición física, sino también de factores socioeconómicos, familiares y sociales, estableciéndose una relación directa bidireccional. Discusión: A partir de la primera infancia se adquieren ciertas pautas de comportamiento y aprendizajes que guían las conductas de cada individuo, dentro de estas pautas se encuentran los estereotipos de género, estándares de belleza implantados por la sociedad y medios de comunicación, estos se encuentran directamente relacionados con los problemas de autopercepción y autoestima presentes en la población infanto-juvenil, afectando en mayor porcentaje al género femenino. Conclusión: Los profesionales de Enfermería deben intervenir desde temprana edad en la promoción y prevención de la salud física y mental en la población infanto-juvenil.


Introduction: Both malnutrition due to excess and mental health diseases have affected young people and it has been sought to know how they affect each other. The objective of this review was to determine if malnutrition due to excess affects the mental health and/or self-concept of the child and adolescent population. Material and method: An integrative review of the literature was carried out in the period between 2016 and 2021 through the databases: PubMed, LILACS and EBSCO. Initially, 3,985 articles were identified, where only 9 met inclusion and exclusion criteria, among which the availability of the full text for free or through the databases of the Universidad Nacional Andrés Bello stands out. Results: Children/adolescents diagnosed with problems of malnutrition due to excess experience psychosocial difficulties due to their self-perception, depending not only on their physical condition, but also on socioeconomic, family and social factors, establishing a direct bidirectional relationship. Discussion: From early childhood certain patterns of behavior and learning are acquired that guide the behavior of each individual, within these guidelines are gender stereotypes, beauty standards implemented by society and the media, these are directly related to the problems of self-perception and self-esteem present in the child-juvenile population, affecting the female gender in a greater percentage. Conclusion: Nursing professionals should intervene from an early age in the promotion and prevention of physical and mental health in the child and adolescent population.


Introdução: Tanto a desnutrição por excesso quanto as doenças de saúde mental têm afetado os jovens e tem-se procurado saber como elas afetam umas às outras. O objetivo desta revisão foi de-terminar se a desnutrição por excesso afeta a saúde mental e/ou autoconceito da população infantil e adolescente. Material e método: Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura no período entre 2016 e 2021 por meio das bases de dados: PubMed, LILACS e EBSCO. Inicialmente, foram identificados 3.985 artigos, onde apenas 9 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão e exclusão, dentre os quais se destaca a disponibilização do texto completo gratuitamente ou por meio das bases de dados da Universidade Nacional Andrés Bello. Resultados: As crianças/adolescentes diagnostica-das com problemas de desnutrição por excesso vivenciam dificuldades psicossociais devido à sua autopercepção, dependendo não apenas de sua condição física, mas também de fatores socioeconômicos, familiares e sociais, estabelecendo uma relação direta bidirecional. Discussão: Desde a primeira infância são adquiridos determinados padrões de comportamento e aprendizagem que orientam o comportamento de cada indivíduo, dentro dessas diretrizes estão os estereótipos de gênero, padrões de beleza implementados pela sociedade e pela mídia, estes estão diretamente relacionados aos problemas de autopercepção e autoconhecimento presente na população infanto-juvenil, afetando em maior percentual o gênero feminino. Conclusão: Os profissionais de enfermagem devem intervir desde cedo na promoção e prevenção da saúde física e mental da população infanto-juvenil.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Autoimagen , Factores Socioeconómicos , Salud Mental , Rol de la Enfermera , Desnutrición , Relaciones Familiares , Estereotipo de Género , Trastornos Mentales , Trastornos Nutricionales , Obesidad
10.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-16, 20221213.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369105

RESUMEN

Introducción: En el ambiente del hogar se propician estilos de crianza, aprendizajes, actividades, experiencias y estímulos que modulan la estimulación del niño(a). Objetivo: Identificar el grado de estimulación temprana y su relación con variables de tipología familiar y participación en el cuidado de niños(as) entre 1 y 4 años de un centro de desarrollo infantil en Pereira, Colombia, en 2019. Métodos: Estudio transversal. Se realizó un muestreo tipo censo que incluyó a todos los niños y cuidadores, que cumplían con los criterios de selección (niños sin antecedente de patologías neurológicas, consentimiento informado de cuidadores). Se midieron variables sociodemográficas y de tipología familiar. Se empleó el Inventario de estimulación temprana en el hogar HOME45 (Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment). Se realizó análisis univariado y bivariado. Para la asociación entre predictores y el puntaje global de estimulación temprana (desenlace: alta/media/baja) se efectuó una regresión logística ordinal. Resultados: Participaron 76 diadas madre-hijo. La mediana de edad de los niños fue 36 meses (RIQ=11, 12-48). El cuidado diario fue brindado en un 67% por la madre. Se evidenció una alta estimulación en el 50% de las diadas. Los predictores que redujeron la probabilidad de estimulación alta fueron (p<0,05): hábito de lectura (No, RP=0,29 (0,09-0,87)), participación en fiestas infantiles (No, RP=0,24 (0,07­0,79)), edad del cuidador (mayor a 36 años, RP=0,95 (0,92-1,00)), estrategia de corrección (castigo verbal o físico, RP=0,16 (0,03-0,98)). Conclusión: Corregir al niño mediante diálogo, incentivar la lectura y participar de fiestas infantiles, además de tener un cuidador menor de 35 años, fueron variables que incrementaron la probabilidad de presentar una alta estimulación.


Introduction: Home environment fosters parenting styles, learning, activities, experiences, and stimuli modulating children's stimulation. Objective: To identify the degree of home-based early stimulation and its relationship with family variables and participation in the care of children aged 1 to 4 years attending a daycare center in Pereira, Colombia in 2019. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by means of a census sampling including all children and caregivers who met the selection criteria (children with no history of neurological disorders and caregiver informed consent.) Sociodemographic and family variables were also measured. The Early Childhood HOME45 (Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment) inventory was administered. Univariate and bivariate analyses were carried out. Ordinal logistic regression was performed for associating predictors and total early stimulation score (high/medium/low). Results: The average age of children was 36 months (RIQ=11, 12-48). 67% of mothers gave children daily care. High stimulation was observed for 50% of the dyads. Predictors that reduced the probability of high stimulation (p<0.05) were reading habit (No, PR=0.29 (0.09-0.87)), participation in children's parties (No, PR=0.24 (0.07-0.79)), caregiver age (older than 36 years old, PR=0.95 (0.92-1.00)), child discipline strategy applied (verbal or physical abuse) (PR=0.16 (0.03-0.98)). Conclusions: Educating children through dialogue, encouraging reading and participating in children's parties, as well as having a caregiver under 35 years of age, were variables that increased the probability of high stimulation in children.


Introdução: O ambiente familiar fomenta estilos de criação, aprendizagem, atividades, experiências e estímulos que modulam a estimulação das crianças. Objetivo: Identificar o grau de estimulação precoce e sua relação com variáveis de tipologia familiar e participação no cuidado de crianças entre 1 e 4 anos de idade em um centro de desenvolvimento infantil em Pereira, Colômbia, em 2019. Métodos: Estudo de corte transversal. Foi realizada uma amostragem tipo censo que incluiu todas as crianças e cuidadores que preenchiam os critérios de seleção (crianças sem histórico de patologias neurológicas, consentimento informado dos cuidadores). As variáveis sociodemográficas e de tipologia familiar foram medidas. O inventário de estimulação precoce HOME45 (Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment) foi utilizado. Foram realizadas análises univariadas e bivariadas. Para a associação entre os preditores e a pontuação global de estimulação precoce (resultado: alto/médio/baixo), foi realizada uma regressão logística ordinal. Resultados: Setenta e seis díades mãe-filho participaram. A idade média das crianças era de 36 meses (RIQ=11, 12-48). O cuidado diário era de 67% fornecido pela mãe. A alta estimulação era evidente em 50% das díades. Os preditores que reduziram a probabilidade de alta estimulação foram (p<0,05): hábito de leitura (Não, PR=0,29 (0,09-0,87)), participação em festas infantis (Não, PR=0,24 (0,07-0,79)), idade do cuidador (mais de 36 anos, PR=0,95 (0,92-1,00)), estratégia de correção (castigo verbal ou físico, PR=0,16 (0,03-0,98)). Conclusão. Corrigir a criança através do diálogo, incentivar a leitura e a participação em festas infantis, assim como ter um cuidador com menos de 35 anos de idade, foram variáveis que aumentaram a probabilidade de apresentar um alto nível de estimulação.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Preescolar , Niño , Conducta Infantil , Desarrollo Infantil , Crianza del Niño , Relaciones Familiares
11.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-18, 20221213.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369133

RESUMEN

Introdução: a literatura já aponta que a família, muitas vezes, é o principal obstáculo que impede as pessoas idosas vivenciarem sua sexualidade. Porém, até onde sabemos, não existem estudos que identifiquem os efeitos da sexualidade na funcionalidade familiar. Objetivo: analisar os efeitos da sexualidade sobre a funcionalidade familiar e sobre a qualidade de vida de pessoas idosas. Materiais e métodos: estudo seccional realizado com 692 pessoas idosas entre os meses de julho e outubro de 2020 por meio da utilização de instrumentos autoaplicáveis. Os dados foram analisados com o teste de Kruskal-Wallis, correlação de Pearson e modelagem de equações estruturais. Resultados: as pessoas idosas com algum grau de disfuncionalidade familiar apresentaram pior vivência na sexualidade e pior qualidade de vida. O domínio relações afetivas da sexualidade foi o único a exercer efeito de forma positiva, de moderada a forte magnitude com a funcionalidade familiar (CP=0,472 [IC95%=0,301-0,642] p<0,001). A qualidade de vida, por sua vez, sofreu efeito positivo, de fraca a moderada magnitude, de todos os domínios da sexualidade: ato sexual (CP=0,339 [IC95%=0,190-0,488] p<0,001); relações afetivas (CP=0,117 [IC95%= -0,041-0,275] p<0,001) e adversidades física e social (CP=0,150 [IC95%=0,074-0,226] p<0,001). Conclusão: a sexualidade entre as pessoas idosas pode ser explorada com maior frequência nos serviços de saúde, uma vez que, exerceu efeitos positivos na funcionalidade familiar e na qualidade de vida dessa população. Espera-se que com os resultados deste estudo, haja valorização da temática nos serviços assistenciais e que a sexualidade na velhice seja explorada com as pessoas idosas, especialmente na atenção primária à saúde.


Introduction: the literature already points out that the family is often the main obstacle that prevents elderly people from experiencing their sexuality. However, there are no studies that identify the effects of sexuality on family functioning. Objective: analyzing the effects of sexuality on family functionality and on the quality of life of the elderly. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional study conducted with 692 elderly people between the months of July and October 2020 by self-administered instruments. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson correlation and structural equation modeling. Results: the elderly with some degree of family dysfunction had a worse experience in sexuality and a worse quality of life. The affective relationships domain of sexuality was the only one to exert a positive effect, from moderate to strong magnitude on family functionality (PC=0.472 [CI95%=0.301-0.642] p<0.001). Quality of life, in turn, had a positive effect, from weak to moderate magnitude, in all domains of sexuality: sexual act (PC=0.339 [CI95%=0.190-0.488] p<0.001); affective relationships (PC=0.117 [CI95%= -0.041-0.275] p<0.001) and physical and social adversities (PC=0.150 [CI95%=0.074-0.226] p<0.001). Conclusion: sexuality among the elderly can be explored more frequently in health services, as it exerted positive effects on family functionality and quality of life in this population. It is expected that with the results of this study, there is an appreciation of the theme in care services and that sexuality in old age is explored with the elderly, especially in primary health care


Introducción: la literatura ya señala que la familia es muchas veces el principal obstáculo que impide que las personas mayores experimenten su sexualidad. Sin embargo, hasta donde sabemos, no existen estudios que identifiquen los efectos de la sexualidad en el funcionamiento familiar. Objetivo: analizar los efectos de la sexualidad sobre la funcionalidad familiar y la calidad de vida de las personas mayores. Materiales y métodos: un estudio transversal realizado con 692 adultos mayores entre los meses de julio y octubre de 2020 utilizando instrumentos autoadministrados. Los datos se analizaron mediante la prueba de Kruskal-Wallis, la correlación de Pearson y el modelado de ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados: los ancianos con algún grado de disfunción familiar tuvieron peor experiencia en sexualidad y peor calidad de vida. El dominio de las relaciones afectivas de la sexualidad fue el único que ejerció un efecto positivo, de moderada a fuerte magnitud acerca de la funcionalidad familiar (CP = 0,472 [IC95% = 0,301-0,642] p <0,001). La calidad de vida, a su vez, tuvo un efecto positivo, de débil a moderada magnitud, en todos los dominios de la sexualidad: acto sexual (CP = 0,339 [IC95% = 0,190-0,488] p <0,001); relaciones afectivas (CP = 0,117 [IC95% = -0,041-0,275] p <0,001) y adversidades físicas y sociales (CP = 0,150 [IC95% = 0,074-0,226] p <0,001). Conclusión: la sexualidad entre los adultos mayores puede ser explorada con mayor frecuencia en los servicios de salud, ya que ejerció efectos positivos acerca de la funcionalidad familiar y la calidad de vida en esta población. Se espera que, con los resultados de este estudio, se aprecie la temática en los servicios de atención y que se explore la sexualidad en la vejez con los ancianos, especialmente en la atención primaria de salud.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Salud Pública , Salud del Anciano , Atención Integral de Salud , Sexualidad , Relaciones Familiares
12.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(nspe2): e224, dic. 2022. graf, tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1403318

RESUMEN

Introducción: alrededor del 30% de las enfermedades infantiles responden a factores sociofamiliares y ambientales, asociados a condiciones de vida, dinámica familiar y exposición a sustancias tóxicas. Conocer las características de la población pediátrica que asiste este centro de salud nos ayudará a identificar factores que pueden estar influyendo en su salud. Objetivos: Describir las características clínico-epidemiológicas de la población menor de 15 años que recibió asistencia en el Centro de Salud Badano Repetto en el período 2020-2021. Conocer diferentes variables que pueden influir en la salud de esta población Identificar asociación de variables familiares y socioculturales con el desarrollo en las diferentes edades. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, corte transversal. Se incluyó una muestra por conveniencia del 15% del total de los niños y adolescentes menores de 15 años asistidos en el centro de salud desde 1/10/2020 hasta 31/3/2021. Variables estudiadas: del niño: sexo, edad, antecedentes perinatales, crecimiento y desarrollo, controles en salud, inmunizaciones, escolarización, actividades extracurriculares. De los padres: edad, nivel educativo, consumo de sustancias psicoactivas, antecedentes patológicos, empleo, privación de libertad. Familia y vivienda: estado civil de los padres, antecedentes de violencia doméstica, convivientes, características de la vivienda, servicios básicos, transferencias directas de ayuda, intervención de equipos de territorio. Fuente de datos: historias clínicas y vía telefónica. Registro en planilla prediseñada. Los resultados se expresan en frecuencias absolutas, relativas y medidas de tendencia central con su rango. Se utilizó test de Chi cuadrado o exacto de Fisher. Nivel de significación: 0,05. Programa Epi Info™ versión 7.2. Consentimiento informado telefónico a padres y asentimiento a adolescentes. Aprobado por el Comité de Ética del CHPR. Resultados: consultaron 2.826 menores de 15 años, se incluyeron 426 (15%), pero solo 263 (62%) fueron analizados, dado que 163 (38%) no pudieron ser contactados telefónicamente. El 52% eran de sexo femenino. Media de edad: 4 años (5 días-14 años), 69% ≤5 años. 83% de los pacientes tenían adecuados controles de salud y 91% estaban al día con sus inmunizaciones. 12% tenían sobrepeso/obesidad. El desarrollo neurológico fue adecuado en 93% en los menores de 5 años y en 56% de los mayores de 5 años de edad. En el caso de aquellos con trastornos del neurodesarrollo mayores de 5 años, 46% tenían trastornos del aprendizaje, 39% trastorno de conducta, 32% trastornos del lenguaje, 10% déficit intelectual. 56% estaba escolarizado, todos en escuelas públicas. En el caso de aquellos que no asistían a la escuela, 4 estaban en edad de asistencia obligatoria (6, 7, 9 y 10 años de edad). 20% de los niños/adolescentes había repetido por lo menos un año en escuela o liceo. Datos perinatales: 14% de las madres consumieron drogas; las más frecuentes fueron tabaco y pasta base de cocaína (PBC). 85% fueron recién nacidos de término, 10% presentaron depresión neonatal. 15% de niños/ adolescentes estuvo expuesto a violencia doméstica y 32% de ellos (12/38) tenía por lo menos un padre con uso de drogas psicoactivas en el domicilio. 21% de los niños/adolescentes expuestos a violencia doméstica tenía una dificultad de aprendizaje. 8% de estos pacientes tenía por lo menos un padre que no había terminado educación primaria y 28% que no había terminado ciclo básico. Se encontró una relación significativa entre uso de drogas psicoactivas, declarada por uno o ambos padres, y violencia doméstica. No se encontró una relación significativa entre alteración del neurodesarrollo y violencia doméstica. Conclusiones: estos hallazgos muestran una población social y económicamente vulnerable, padres con baja escolaridad, uso de pasta base de cocaína durante el embarazo en un porcentaje mayor al reportado nacionalmente, y 15% de niños/adolescentes expuestos a violencia doméstica, pero con un buen número de controles de salud. La mayor fortaleza encontrada por este estudio es la importancia de mantener una buena conexión con estas familias, que mostraron un alto nivel de compromiso con el centro de salud. Esto nos desafía a priorizar la prevención y promoción en salud como herramientas valiosas para adquirir salud de calidad para estos niños/adolescentes. Nuevos estudios, con otras metodologías, serán necesarios para analizar estas variables encontradas.


Introduction: around 30% of childhood diseases are caused by social, environmental and family issues, as well as by life conditions, family dynamics and exposure to toxic substances. Understanding the characteristics of the pediatric population assisted at this Health Center, will help us identify health-threatening factors. Objectives: Describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the population under 15 years of age assisted at Badano Repetto Health Center between 2020 and 2021. Understand the different variables that could influence this population´s health. Identify the link between family, social and cultural variables and neurological development at different ages. Methodology: descriptive, retrospective cross-sectional study. Convenience sampling of 15% of the total number of children and adolescents under 15 years of age, assisted at the Health Center from 10/01/2020 to 3/31/2021. Variables: children: sex, age, perinatal history, growth and neurological development, health checkups, vaccines, school attendance, extracurricular activities. Parents: age, education, psychoactive substance use, pathological background, job, prison. Family and household: parent`s marital status, domestic violence history, cohabitants, housing characteristics, basic household services, government aids, community interventions. Data source: medical records and telephone conversations. Data was recorded on template charts. We used results in absolute and relative frequencies, and their measures of central tendency measures and their range, Chi-square test or Fisher´s exact test. Significance level 0,05. Epi Info Program, version 7.2. Informed parent and adolescent consent. Approved by the CHPR Ethics Committee. Results: out of the 2826 patients under 15 years of age assisted at the clinic, we included 426 (15%), but only 263 (62%) were analyzed, since we were not able to reach 163 (38%) by phone. 52% were female. The average age was 4 years of age (5 days-14 years old). 69% of children were under 5 years old. 83% of patients had adequate number of checkups and 91% had an updated vaccination chart. 12% were overweight/obese. Neurodevelopment was adequate in 93% of those under 5 years of age, and 56% of those over 5 years of age. Regarding those with neurodevelopmental difficulties and over 5 years of age, 46% had learning disabilities, 39% had behavioral disorders, 32% language disorders, 10% intellectual deficit. 56% attended school, all of them public schools. For those who did not attend school, 4 of them were old enough to attend mandatory school (6, 7, 9 and 10 years of age). 20% of the children and adolescents had failed at least one year in school or high school. Perinatal findings: 14% of mothers had substance use during pregnancy, mainly tobacco and cocaine base paste. 85% of them had been born to term, 10% had neonatal depression 15% of children/adolescents had been exposed to domestic violence and 32% of them (12/38) had one parent with psychoactive drug use at home. 21% of children/adolescents exposed to domestic violence had a learning disability. 8% had at least one parent who did not finish primary school and 28% who did not finish middle school. Statistically, a significant link was found between psychoactive substance use, declared by one or both parents, and domestic violence. No statistically significant link was found between neurodevelopmental difficulties and domestic violence. Conclusions: these findings show a socially and economically vulnerable population, parents with little formal education, higher cocaine paste base use during pregnancy than the national statistics and 15% of children/adolescents exposed to domestic violence, even though they a high number of them had received their health checkups. The biggest strength shown by this study is the importance of maintaining a good bond with these families, who showed a high level of commitment with the health center. This leads us to prioritize health prevention and promotion as a valuable tool to achieve health quality standards for these children and adolescents. New studies, using other methodologies, will be necessary to analyze this data.


Introdução: cerca de 30% das doenças infantis são causadas por questões sociais, ambientais e familiares, bem como por condições de vida, dinâmica familiar e exposição a substâncias tóxicas. Compreender as características da população pediátrica atendida neste Centro de Saúde, nos ajudará a identificar fatores de risco à saúde. Objetivos: Descrever as características clínico-epidemiológicas da população menor de 15 anos de idade atendida no Centro de Saúde Badano Repetto no período 2020-2021. Compreender diferentes variáveis que podem influenciar a saúde dessa população. Identificar uma relação entre as variáveis familiares e socioculturais e o desenvolvimento em diferentes idades. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, transversal. Foi incluída uma amostra por conveniência de 15% de todas as crianças e adolescentes menores de 15 anos atendidos no Centro de Saúde entre 01/10/2020 e 31/03/2021. Variáveis estudadas: da criança: sexo, idade, história perinatal, crescimento e desenvolvimento, controles de saúde, imunizações, escolaridade, atividades extracurriculares. Dos pais: idade, escolaridade, consumo de substâncias psicoativas, histórico médico, emprego, privação de liberdade. Família e habitação: estado civil dos pais, história de violência doméstica, coabitantes, características da moradia, serviços básicos, transferências de ajuda de custo, intervenção das equipes no território. Fonte de dados: prontuários e enquetes telefônicas. Cadastro em planilha padrão. Os resultados são expressos em frequências absolutas e relativas e medidas de tendência central com sua amplidão. Utilizou-se o teste do qui-quadrado ou exato de Fisher. Nível de significância 0,05. Programa Epi Info™ versão 7.2. Consentimento informado por telefone pais e consentimento dos adolescentes. Aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética do CHPR. Resultados: 2.826 crianças menores de 15 anos consultadas, 426 (15%) foram incluídas, mas 263 (62%) foram analisadas, pois 163 (38%) não puderam ser contatadas por telefone. 52% eram do sexo feminino. Idade média 4 anos (5 dias -14 anos), 69% ≤ 5 anos. 83% dos pacientes possuíam controles de saúde adequados e 91% estavam com suas imunizações em dia. 12% com sobrepeso/obesidade. O desenvolvimento neurológico foi adequado em 93% dos menores de 5 anos e em 56% dos maiores de 5 anos. No caso dos portadores de transtornos de neurodesenvolvimento com mais de 5 anos, 46% apresentavam transtorno de aprendizagem, 39% transtorno de conduta, 32% transtorno de linguagem, 10% déficit intelectual. 56% estavam na escola, todos em escolas públicas. No caso dos que não frequentaram a escola, 4 deles estavam em idade em idade escolar obrigatória (6, 7, 9 e 10 anos). 20% das crianças/adolescentes repetiram pelo menos um ano na escola ou no ensino médio. Dados perinatais: 14% das mães usavam drogas; pasta base de tabaco e maiormente pasta base de cocaína (PBC). 85% eram recém-nascidos a termo, 10% tinham depressão neonatal. 15% das crianças/adolescentes foram expostos à violência doméstica e 32% deles (12/38) tinham pelo menos um dos pais que usava drogas psicoativas em casa. 21% das crianças/adolescentes expostas à violência doméstica tinham dificuldade de aprendizagem. 8% desses pacientes possuíam pelo menos um dos pais com escola primária incompleta e 28% com ensino médio incompleto. Encontrou-se relação significativa entre o uso de drogas psicoativas, declarado por um ou ambos os pais, e a violência doméstica. Não foi encontrada relação significativa entre transtornos do neurodesenvolvimento e violência doméstica. Conclusões: esses achados mostram uma população social e economicamente vulnerável, pais com baixa escolaridade, uso de pasta base de cocaína durante a gravidez em porcentagem superior ao reportado a nível nacional, e 15% de crianças/adolescentes expostos à violência doméstica, mas com um alto número de controles de saúde. A maior fortaleza encontrada por este estudo é a importância de manter um bom vínculo com essas famílias, que demonstraram alto nível de comprometimento com o centro de saúde. Isso nos leva a priorizar a prevenção e promoção da saúde como ferramentas valiosas para a aquisição de saúde de qualidade para essas crianças/adolescentes. Novos estudos, com outras metodologias, serão necessários para poder analisar essas variáveis encontradas.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Recién Nacido , Lactante , Preescolar , Niño , Adolescente , Asistencia Pública/estadística & datos numéricos , Características de la Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Infantil/estadística & datos numéricos , Atención Perinatal/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud del Adolescente/estadística & datos numéricos , Relaciones Familiares , Atención Primaria de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Socioeconómicos , Uruguay/epidemiología , Desarrollo Infantil , Estudios Transversales , Estudios Prospectivos , Poblaciones Vulnerables/estadística & datos numéricos
13.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 2439, 2022 12 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575446

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Population aging has led to depression becoming a serious public health problem both in China and worldwide. Marital relationships, relationships with their children, and air pollution might play an important role in the process of depressive disorders. In this study, we aimed to reveal the mechanism of the effects of these factors on depression. METHODS: Participants were recruited from The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) (wave 4) from July 2018 to March 2019. Depression symptoms were evaluated using the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies depression scale (CESD-10). Marital relationships, relationships with their children, air quality satisfaction, and perceived health status were analyzed using Likert 5-point evaluation methods. Structural equation modeling-path (SEM) models were used to explore these variables' mediation effects on depression symptoms. RESULTS: Marital relationships, relationships with their children, air quality satisfaction, perceived health status, and depression symptoms were significantly associated with each other (P < 0.001). Mediation analysis showed that family relationships (standardized beta = -0.28 [-0.31, -0.26]) and quality satisfaction (standardized beta = -0.03 [-0.05, -0.01]) had negative effects on depression symptoms. The total indirect effects of family relationships and air quality satisfaction on depression symptoms were -0.06 (95% confidence interval (CI) = [-0.07, -0.05]) and -0.016 (95% CI = [-0.02, -0.01]), respectively. CONCLUSION: Family relationships, air quality satisfaction, and perceived health status influenced depression symptoms. The effects of family relationships and air quality satisfaction on depression symptoms were significantly mediated by perceived health status. Therefore, perceived health status aspects should be considered when conducting targeted intervention toward depression symptoms among middle-aged and elderly adults.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Anciano , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Niño , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Depresión/epidemiología , Estado de Salud , Satisfacción Personal , Relaciones Familiares , China/epidemiología
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361203

RESUMEN

Children growing up in poverty are disproportionately affected by diseases, including HIV. In this study, we use data from Suubi+Adherence, a longitudinal randomized control trial (2012-2018) with 702 adolescents living with HIV (ALWHIV), to examine the effectiveness of a family-based multifaceted economic empowerment (EE) intervention in addressing economic instability and multidimensional poverty among ALWHIV in Southern Uganda. We constructed a Multidimensional Poverty Index of individual and household indicators, including health, assets, housing and family dynamics. We computed the proportion of multidimensionally poor children (H), estimated poverty intensity (A) and adjusted headcount ratio (M0). Using repeated measures at five-time points (baseline, years 1, 2, 3 and 4-post baseline) across two study arms: treatment (receiving the EE intervention) vs. control arm (not receiving EE), we find that both the incidence and proportion of multidimensional poverty decreased in the treatment arm vs. the control arm. Given that there is a direct link between economic instability and poor health outcomes, these findings are informative. They point to the potential for family EE interventions to decrease multidimensional poverty among vulnerable children, including ALWHIV, impacting their overall wellbeing and ability to meet their treatment needs and improve HIV care continuum outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH , Niño , Adolescente , Humanos , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Infecciones por VIH/terapia , Pobreza , Uganda/epidemiología , Empoderamiento , Relaciones Familiares
15.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 70(1): 294-295, 2022 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546570
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429899

RESUMEN

The objective of domestic violence intervention programs is to address perpetrator behavior. However, the suitability and effectiveness of these programs in confronting problematic behavior for ethnically diverse groups is unclear. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to cohesively examine whether such programs are effective in reducing recidivism, changing perpetrator behavior, and addressing mental health issues for culturally diverse groups. Several databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles that included culturally specific components or ethnically diverse cohorts in offender intervention programs. 10 articles met the inclusion criteria. The findings demonstrate greater effectiveness of programs with greater cultural engagement: through culturally trained facilitators, addressing the cultural and patriarchal norms relevant to the specific client group, and discussion of gender roles and attitudes to gender equality specific to the cultural context. Such programs achieved some positive outcomes including: reduced recidivism, improved mental health, and better attitudes to gender equality. However, the findings are limited to a few ethnically diverse groups, and not all studies measured all outcomes listed above. This review suggests the development and implementation of suitable offender intervention programs that address perpetrator behavior and mental health in ethnically diverse client groups. When culturally relevant and effective programs are implemented, it could lead to men's modification of perpetrating behavior and create safer family relationships.


Asunto(s)
Criminales , Violencia Doméstica , Masculino , Humanos , Salud Mental , Actitud , Relaciones Familiares
17.
Subj. procesos cogn ; 26(2): 1-29, nov. 28, 2022.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1401856

RESUMEN

Los problemas comportamentales en la infancia suponen todos aquellos comportamientos persistentes en los que se repiten conductas que no respetan las normas o las reglas sociales propias de la edad. La detección temprana de estas dificultades permite controlar en cierto modo la gravedad del asunto ya que, de no trabajarse sobre la sintomatología del niño, las posibilidades de desarrollar un trastorno mental severo son mayores. Así, la identificación y el diagnóstico de los problemas conductuales se ha vuelto una meta de gran significación para la disciplina psicológica. El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión de la literatura reciente para sistematizar la información referida a las diferentes conceptualizaciones teóricas que existen sobre los problemas comportamentales desde diversas escuelas psicológicas y las respuestas terapéuticas que ofrecen, identificar los instrumentos de medición validados para su evaluación en Argentina, y describir la importancia de su detección temprana y posibles áreas de incidencia(AU)


Behavioral problems in childhood involve all those persistent actions in which activities that do not respect the norms or social rules of the age are repeated. Early detection of these problems makes it possible to control the severity of the problem to a certain extent. If the child's symptoms are not elaborated, the chances of developing a severe mental disorder are greater. Thus, the identification and diagnosis of behavioral problems has become a goal of great significance for the psychological discipline. The objective of this article was to carry out a review of the recent literature to systematize the information referring to the different theoretical conceptualizations that exist on behavioral problems from various psychological schools and the therapeutic responses they offer. Also,to identify the measurement instruments validated for their evaluation in Argentina and describe the importance of its early detection and possible areas of incidence(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/estadística & datos numéricos , Trastornos de la Conducta Infantil/psicología , Psicología Infantil , Emociones , Relaciones Familiares/psicología , Problema de Conducta/psicología
18.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604797, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36213139

RESUMEN

Objectives: This study aims to explore the associations of personality traits and extra-family social relationship with depressive symptoms among Chinese adults. Methods: A nationally representative sample of 29,810 adults aged 16 and above were selected from 2018 CFPS. Personality and depressive symptoms were measured using CBF-PI-15 and the CES-D8 scale. Extra-family social relationship was assessed through the self-rated evaluation. The multiple regression analysis and the PROCESS macro were used for the mediation analysis. Results: Extraversion (OR = 0.807, 95% CI = 0.773, 0.842), agreeableness (OR = 0.795, 95% CI = 0.756, 0.835) and extra-family social relationship (OR = 0.927, 95% CI = 0.913, 0.941) had negative associations with depressive symptoms. Extra-family social relationship could mediate between extraversion and depressive symptoms (Indirect effect = -0.049,95% CI = -0.060, -0.039) as well as agreeableness (Indirect effect = -0.056, 95% CI = -0.068, -0.046) and depressive symptoms. Comparing to females, the indirect effect accounts for a higher proportion of total effect in males. Conclusion: Extra-family social relationship might mediate the association between extraversion and depressive symptoms as well as agreeableness and depressive symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Personalidad , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Relaciones Familiares , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Masculino
19.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(4): e20210890, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228293

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: to learn about the perception of men in the judicial process due to spousal violence about paternity. METHODS: a descriptive, qualitative study with nine men in the judicial process due to spousal violence. Data were collected through interviews; the men validated the data, which were systematized by the categorical thematic content analysis, and analyzed in light of scientific texts that discuss the subject. RESULTS: the study allowed the creation of three categories: the father is the example for the son; the father must provide for the son's needs; the father corrects the son. CONCLUSIONS: that context reveals the need to re-signify paternity to influence children's education positively.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Padre-Hijo , Paternidad , Niño , Relaciones Familiares , Humanos , Masculino , Percepción , Violencia
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231755

RESUMEN

The purpose of this paper was to better understand the long-term care preferences of older people based on intergenerational demonstration effects and social exchange theory, derived from the literature on intergenerational family relationships. The authors relied on the 2014 China Longitudinal Ageing Social Survey database to test the study hypotheses. The results indicated that living with grandchildren was negatively related to the institutional care preferences of older people. Family members' attitudes and older people's life satisfaction significantly mediated the relationship between living with grandchildren and their institutional care preferences. Gender and marital status had potentially diverse effects on institutional care preferences. Therefore, in the context of China's culture of filial piety, social exchange, and intergenerational demonstration, motivation may help foster intergenerational exchange and reciprocity in eldercare arrangements.


Asunto(s)
Familia , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Anciano , Envejecimiento , China , Relaciones Familiares , Humanos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...