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1.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 22(1): 114-127, ene.-jun. 2021. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-1155518

RESUMEN

Esse estudo parte do pressuposto de que o mindfulness poderia estar relacionado com a intimidade conjugal. Investigou-se o papel discriminante da intimidade em dois grupos de indivíduos com maiores e menores níveis de mindfulness. Partiparam 281 sujeitos, maiores de 18 anos, em relacionamento estável e em coabitação. Os mesmos responderam à Escala Filadélfia de Mindfulness e à Escala de Avaliação Pessoal de Intimidade em Relacionamentos (PAIR). Os resultados indicaram que os fatores da intimidade avaliados (comunicação, validação pessoal e abertura ao exterior) discriminaram o grupo com maiores níveis de mindfulness. O estudo sugere que indivíduos com maiores níveis de mindfulness possuem maior facilidade de desenvolver intimidade em seus relacionamentos, contribuindo para o entendimento do papel considerável dessa habilidade na conjugalidade.


This study assumes that mindfulness could be related to conjugal intimacy. The discriminating role of intimacy was investigated in two groups of individuals with higher and lower levels of mindfulness. 281 subjects, over 18 years old, participated in a stable relationship and cohabitation. They responded to the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale and the Personal Relationship Intimacy Scale in Relationships (PAIR). The results indicated that the factors of intimacy evaluated (communication, personal validation and openness to the outside) discriminated against the group with the highest levels of mindfulness. The study suggests that individuals with higher levels of mindfulness have an easier time developing intimacy in their relationships, contributing to the understanding of the considerable role of this ability in conjugality.


Este estudio asume que la atención plena podría estar relacionada con la intimidad conyugal. El papel discriminador de la intimidad se investigó en dos grupos de individuos con niveles más altos y más bajos de atención plena. 281 sujetos, mayores de 18 años, participaron en una relación estable y en convivencia. Respondieron a la Escala de atención plena de Filadelfia y la Escala de intimidad en las relaciones personales (PAIR). Los resultados indicaron que los factores de intimidad evaluados (comunicación, validación personal y apertura al exterior) discriminaban al grupo con mayores niveles de mindfulness. El estudio sugiere que las personas con niveles más altos de atención plena tienen más facilidad para desarrollar la intimidad en sus relaciones, lo que contribuye a comprender el papel considerable de esta capacidad en la conyugalidad.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Rol , Autorrevelación , Comunicación , Terapia de Parejas , Relaciones Familiares , Atención Plena
2.
Barbarói ; (58): 30-46, jan.-jun. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-1150661

RESUMEN

O autoconceito pode ser concebido como uma construção teórica que o indivíduo realiza sobre si a partir de sua interação com o meio social, que assume importante papel na compreensão do processo de desenvolvimento humano. Variáveis como desempenho escolar e práticas educativas parentais tem sido relatadas como relevantes para o estabelecimento do autoconceito. Tendo em vista a relevância do tema na adolescência o presente artigo objetivou investigar as possíveis relações entre o autoconceito, desempenho escolar e práticas educativas dos pais, em adolescentes escolares. Fizeram parte desta pesquisa 57 adolescentes de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 12 e 16 anos (M= 13,44; DP=1,13) do 6º ao 9º ano de uma escola pública de Ensino Fundamental. Para isso, foram utilizados a Escala de Autoconceito Infanto ­Juvenil (EAC-IJ), a Escala de Responsividade e Exigência Parental e análise documental na escola para o desempenho escolar. Os resultados demonstraram que houve correlação significativa entre as variáveis do estudo, destacando-se as correlações estabelecidas entre autoconceito e desempenho escolar, desempenho escolar e exigência da mãe, assim como do autoconceito com a responsividade do pai. Discute-se sobre a importância da qualidade da relação familiar e do grupo de amigos no estabelecimento do autoconceito dos adolescentes.(AU)


Self-concept may be conceived as a theoretical construction that the individual has about himself from his interaction with society that assumes an important role in the comprehension of the human development process. Variables such as school performance and parental educational practices have been reported as relevant for the establishment of self-concept. Since this theme can be relevant in adolescence the present article sought to investigate the possible relations between self-concept, school performance and educational practices from parents in school-aged teens. Were part of this research 57 teenagers, from both sexes, with ages between 12 and 16 years old (M= 13,44; DP=1,13) from 6th to9th years of an public elementary school. For that we used the "Escala de Autoconceito Infanto-Juvenil (EAC-IJ)", the "Escala de Responsividade e Exigencia Parental" and analysis of school papers for the school performance. The results showed that there's a significant relation between the variables of study, featuring the relations established between self-concept and school performance, school performance and mother exigency, as for self-concept and father responsiveness. We argue about the importance of a quality family relationship and group of friends in the establishment of self-concept of teenagers.(AU)


El autoconcepto puede ser determinado como una construcción teórica que el individuo realiza sobre sí por medio de su interacción con el medio social, que adquiere importante papel en la comprensión del proceso de desarrollo humano. Variables como el desempeño escolar y las prácticas educativas parentales han sido relatadas como relevantes para la determinación del autoconcepto. Teniendo en cuenta la relevancia del tema en la adolescencia el presente artículo tuvo como objetivo investigar las posibles relaciones entre el autoconcepto, desempeño escolar y prácticas educativas de los padres, en adolescentes escolares. Participaron de esta investigación 57 adolescentes de ambos sexos, con edades comprendidas entre 12 y 16 años (M = 13,44, SD = 1,13) del 6 al 9 de grado de una escuela pública de enseñanza primaria. Para eso, fueron utilizadas la Escala de Autoconcepto Infantil Juvenil (EAC-IJ), la Escala de Responsividad y Exigencia Parental y análisis documental en escuela para el desempeño escolar. Los resultados demostraron que hubo correlación significativa entre las variables del estudio, resaltándose las correlaciones establecidas entre autoconcepto y desempeño escolar, desempeño escolar y exigencia de la madre, asi como del autoconcepto con la responsividad del padre. Se discute sobre la importancia de la calidad de la relación familiar y del grupo de amigos en la determinación del autoconcepto de los adolescentes.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adolescente , Padres , Autoimagen , Adolescente , Relaciones Familiares , Rendimiento Académico , Amigos , Desarrollo Humano
3.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-48165

RESUMEN

A Aliança Mundial para Ação de Aleitamento Materno (WABA, na sigla em inglês) definiu o tema da Semana Mundial de Aleitamento Materno 2021: “Proteja a amamentação: uma responsabilidade compartilhada”. A campanha é uma política de incentivo à amamentação que já entrou, definitivamente, no calendário mundial.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Familiares , Leche Humana , Lactancia Materna , Promoción de la Salud
4.
Trials ; 22(1): 243, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794971

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Parental mental illness is common and can lead to dependent children incurring a high risk of developing mental disorders, physical illness, and impaired educational and occupational outcomes. Family Talk is one of the better known interventions designed to prevent the intergenerational transmission of mental illness. However, its evidence base is small, with few robust independent randomised controlled trials, and no associated process or cost evaluations. The PRIMERA (Promoting Research and Innovation in Mental hEalth seRvices for fAmilies and children) research programme involves a mixed method evaluation of Family Talk which is being delivered in mental health settings in Ireland to improve child and family psychosocial functioning in families with parental mental illness. METHODS: The study comprises a multi-centre, randomised controlled trial (RCT), with nested economic and process evaluations, to assess the clinical and cost-effectiveness and implementation mechanisms of Family Talk compared to usual services. The study is being conducted in 15 adult and child mental health settings in Ireland. Families with a parent with mental illness, and children aged 5-18 years (n = 144 families) will be randomised to either the 7-session Family Talk programme (n = 96) or to standard care (n = 48) using a 2:1 allocation ratio. The primary outcomes are child psychosocial functioning and family functioning. Secondary outcomes are as follows: understanding and experience of parental mental illness, parental mental health, child and parental resilience, partner wellbeing and service utilisation. Blind assessments will take place at pre-intervention and at 6- and 12-month follow-up. DISCUSSION: Given the prevalence and burden of intergenerational mental illness, it is imperative that prevention through evidence-based interventions becomes a public health priority. The current study will provide an important contribution to the international evidence base for Family Talk whilst also helping to identify key implementation lessons in the scaling up of Family Talk, and other similar interventions, within routine mental health settings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN Registry, ISRCTN13365858 . Registered 5th February 2019.


Asunto(s)
Hijo de Padres Discapacitados , Relaciones Familiares , Terapia Familiar/métodos , Trastornos Mentales , Servicios de Salud Mental , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Adolescente , Niño , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Humanos , Irlanda , Evaluación de Procesos, Atención de Salud , Resultado del Tratamiento
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806396

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The birth of a child is a significant turning point in the life of a woman. It is a source of personal fulfilment, but also a great challenge. On the other hand, the inability to conceive a child in a natural way results in a serious distortion of a woman's psychic balance. Becoming a mother is an indicator of personal fulfilment and the source of social acceptation. Therefore, both becoming a mother and the inability to conceive a child in a natural way may be seen as stressful factors that impact a woman's life. AIM OF THE STUDY: The research project aimed to analyze the differences in stress, resilience and satisfaction with relationship and sexual satisfaction between early-stage mothers, i.e., women having a child and childless women seeking pregnancy. SAMPLE: The study involved 80 women-40 mothers and 40 infertile women. The mean age of the mothers was 31.10 yrs (SD = 3.76) and of the childless women seeking pregnancy-31.48 yrs (SD = 3.35). Both groups were homogenous with regards to education, place of residence, the form and time of their relationship with partners. METHOD: The perceived stress was measured with the Perceived Stress Scale PSS-Polish adaptation by Juczynski and Oginska-Bulik. Resilience was measured with Personal Adaptation Scale (LIRS-pl)-Polish adaptation by Malina, Pooley and Harms. The quality of the relationship was measured using the Quality of Relationship Inventory (QRI) adapted to Polish version by Suwalska-Barancewicz, Liberska and Izdebski and the sexual satisfaction was measured with the Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire by Nomejko and Dolinska-Zygmunt. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Statistical analyses indicate that the participating women differ in the level of perceived stress (higher among childless women seeking pregnancy; t = 2.721; p = 0.008), the depth/intensity of the relationship (higher among childless women seeking pregnancy; t = 2.376; p = 0.020) and conflict (higher among mothers; t = -2.829; p = 0.006). This research project proved that infertility and its consequences are not only negative. The research has shown that lower levels of relationship conflicts and greater commitment occur more frequently among infertile women than among mothers. Regardless of the observed differences in the studied sample, it is noteworthy that the compared groups are also similar to some extent. They neither differed in the level of personal resilience nor perceived support. Therefore, although the two experienced issues seem to be different, they may appear psychologically similar to some extent.


Asunto(s)
Infertilidad Femenina , Satisfacción Personal , Adulto , Niño , Relaciones Familiares , Femenino , Humanos , Madres , Embarazo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808698

RESUMEN

There exists a normative representation of family meals in contemporary Western societies which is promoted as imperative through public health programs, larger discourses and by some studies in the nutritional and public health research fields. Family meals, also called domestic commensality, are represented as convivial events and are associated with positive health and wellbeing outcomes but there is minimal evidence to show they are beneficial for family members and it is not known which aspect of the family meal could be responsible for these alleged benefits. This normative family meal image is based on a representation of the family as a peaceful unit exempt from external constraints. This narrative literature review of qualitative studies of family meals seeks to put forward the underlying premises of this representation and compare it with reports about actual practices. The results emphasize that eating together is still practiced and remains valued by family members, which is in contrast to discourses lamenting the decline of the family meal. However, the valorisation and recurrence of family meals depends on class, gender and cultural positions. There is a gap between the norm of healthy or convivial and achievable family meals, which can reinforce the so-called "mental load" and "emotion work" of those in charge of feeding the family and heighten inequalities within the household. In fact, there are many challenges to family meals which originate from external constraints or are inherent aspects of family life. The results from this review suggest that we should focus on family meals by taking into account the food work surrounding it and focussing on the interactional aspects of family meals. Ethnographic methods allow the researcher to observe the diversities and complexities of commensality as well as family dynamics and, in doing so, could provide more realistic representations of eating within the family.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Alimentaria , Comidas , Familia , Composición Familiar , Relaciones Familiares
7.
Recenti Prog Med ; 112(3): 207-215, 2021 03.
Artículo en Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687359

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The recent lockdown, resulting from the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, has had a strong social and psychological impact on the most fragile individuals and family structures. In the present work we investigated the experience of families without specific elements of social or health vulnerability during the quarantine period that occurred in the spring of 2020. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May and July 2020, 22 primary care pediatricians belonging to AUSL Romagna administered to a number of families a questionnaire to detect changes that occurred, during the lockdown, in family environment, school attendance and personal attitudes. RESULTS: A total of 721 questionnaires were collected, analyzing the associations between variables relating to home environment, daily rhythms, school and warning signs in relation to the age of children. As a result of the lockdown, family habits changed in 31% of cases, with a greater presence of the reference figure in 68% of these. Three out of four families reported they had sufficient domestic spaces, and nine out of ten had access to an outdoor, private or condominium space. Daily rhythms were preserved in 56.7% of cases; mood disorders appeared in 30% of adolescent children, followed by sleep, appetite and psychosomatic disorders. One in three children has made progress in terms of evolution and behavior, and one in 5 children has seen their relationships improve. The overall resilience of families during the lockdown period was considered good in 66.3%, sufficient in 31.3% and not satisfactory in only 2.4% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that, in the interviewed families, the simultaneous presence of adults and children at home has generally intensified. Families refer, on the whole, a positive and resilient behavior in the lockdown period, even if initial emotional problems are reported in one out of three children-adolescents. The ability to maintain a family organized structure seems to be partially compromised. Forced cohabitation leads to competition for the same resources of time and space and affects the entire family unit. The school institution emerges as a protective factor for children, young people and also for the well-being of families themselves.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Medicina Comunitaria , Relaciones Familiares/psicología , Pandemias , Pediatras , Psicología del Adolescente , Psicología Infantil , Cuarentena/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Actitud , Niño , Preescolar , Aglomeración/psicología , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/psicología , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/epidemiología , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/etiología , Femenino , Encuestas de Atención de la Salud , Vivienda , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Trastornos del Humor/epidemiología , Trastornos del Humor/etiología , Padres/psicología , Trastornos Psicofisiológicos/epidemiología , Trastornos Psicofisiológicos/etiología , Instituciones Académicas , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/epidemiología , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/etiología
10.
Nursing ; 51(4): 58-61, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759867

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Patients who learn they carry breast cancer genes 1 and 2 (BRCA1/2) must decide if, when, and how they want to disclose this information to family members who may be affected. This article discusses the psychosocial factors that may influence patient decisions to disclose positive BRCA1/2 results to family members, as well as the role of nurses in educating and advocating for patients and their families.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/genética , Toma de Decisiones , Revelación , Relaciones Familiares/psicología , Genes BRCA1 , Genes BRCA2 , Pacientes/psicología , Neoplasias de la Mama/enfermería , Femenino , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Humanos , Masculino , Rol de la Enfermera , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Defensa del Paciente , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Pacientes/estadística & datos numéricos
11.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652798

RESUMEN

Coparenting quality and food parenting practices have been shown to have a strong influence on child outcomes. However, little is known about whether coparenting quality may influence food parenting practices. This study aimed to investigate how coparenting quality is associated with both mothers' and fathers' food parenting practices. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of 58 mothers and 40 fathers enrolled in the Guelph Family Health Study. The Coparenting Relationship Scale and the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire were used to measure coparenting and food parenting practices, respectively. Linear regressions using generalized estimating equations were used to examine associations between coparenting quality and food parenting practices in mothers and fathers. Among mothers, higher coparenting quality was associated with lower use of food for emotional regulation, restriction of food for health, and child control of food intake and with higher encouragement of a balanced and varied diet, provision of a healthy home environment, and modeling of healthy eating behaviors. Among fathers, higher coparenting quality was associated with lower pressure to eat and with higher encouragement of a balanced and varied diet and provision of a healthy home environment. Coparenting quality is associated with food parenting practices among both mothers and fathers. Interventions aiming to improve food parenting practices should include fathers and should consider targeting parents' coparenting relationship.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Infantil/psicología , Padre/psicología , Conducta Alimentaria/psicología , Madres/psicología , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Adulto , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Salud de la Familia , Relaciones Familiares/psicología , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Masculino , Ontario , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
12.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 51(1): 92-104, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706334

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand and describe the diabetes self-management experience of visually impaired people with diabetes. METHODS: Ten participants were recruited through a website used by the visually impaired from February to March 2020. Data were collected through two focus group interviews conducted in June 2020; each group consisted of five participants. All interviews were recorded with the consent of the participants and transcribed verbatim. The transcribed data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Seven categories were as follows; a two-faced, lifelong companion, an unprepared encounter, struggle to live, love-hate relationship with family, strategies to adapt, lessening attention to self-management, the desire to learn properly. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that the visually impaired have fewer opportunities for receiving diabetes self-management education than general diabetic patients. Consequently, plans to improve the education available to such patients are required. Additionally, psychological counseling and diabetes education for patients' families are necessary, and improving the perception of medical workers regarding the visually impaired will be prove useful.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevención & control , Automanejo/psicología , Personas con Daño Visual/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adulto , Anciano , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/dietoterapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patología , Relaciones Familiares , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Hipoglucemiantes/uso terapéutico , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
14.
Res Dev Disabil ; 111: 103884, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556700

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a life-long condition which affects the individual and their family system. Little research understands the impact of an ASD upon families, how this may change over time and how COVID-19 has impacted these dynamics. AIMS: To explore the impact of an ASD on the lived experiences of parents and neurotypical adult siblings, including during the UK COVID-19 lockdown. METHODS: Eight parent-sibling dyads (16 individuals) completed semi-structured interviews discussing their family before, during and after receiving the ASD diagnosis, and in relation to the first UK lockdown. Interview transcripts were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. RESULTS: Three super-ordinate themes were identified: Dominated by ASD; Family Cohesion; and the Need for Support. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggested a closeness within the families and an adoration towards the individual with ASD (IWA). Dyads were, to an extent, consumed by the diagnosis both presently and in the future, implicating the need for a stretch in services to support parents and neurotypical siblings. In terms of the first UK lockdown, the IWA added an extra layer of difficulty to the dyads work-life balance yet there was an essence of family cohesion. Future research should consider longitudinal methods and explore the impact of ASD co-morbidities upon family dynamics.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Relaciones Familiares/psicología , Padres/psicología , Hermanos/psicología , Adulto , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/epidemiología , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/psicología , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/rehabilitación , /prevención & control , Niño , Salud de la Familia/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Evaluación de Necesidades , Relaciones entre Hermanos , Apoyo Social , Reino Unido/epidemiología , Equilibrio entre Vida Personal y Laboral
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567741

RESUMEN

Improving participation is an important aim in outpatient rehabilitation treatment. Knowledge regarding participation restrictions in children and young adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) is scarce and little is known regarding the differences in perspectives between patients and parents in the outpatient rehabilitation setting. The aims are to describe participation restrictions among children/young adults (5-24 years) with ABI and investigating differences between patients' and parents' perspectives. At admission in 10 rehabilitation centers, patients and parents were asked to complete the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation (CASP; score 0-100; lower score = more restrictions) and injury/patient/family-related questions. CASP scores were categorized (full/somewhat-limited/limited/very-limited participation). Patient/parent-reported outcomes were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. 223 patients and 245 parents participated (209 paired-samples). Median patients' age was 14 years (IQR; 11-16), 135 were female (52%), 195 had traumatic brain injury (75%). The median CASP score reported by patients was 82.5 (IQR: 67.5-90) and by parents 91.3 (IQR: 80.0-97.5) (difference = p < 0.05). The score of 58 patients (26%) and 25 parents (10%) was classified as 'very-limited'. Twenty-six percent of children and young adults referred for rehabilitation after ABI had "very-limited" participation. Overall, parents rated their child's participation better than patients themselves. Quantifying participation restrictions after ABI and considering both perspectives is important for outpatient rehabilitation treatment.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones Traumáticas del Encéfalo , Lesiones Encefálicas , Adolescente , Niño , Familia , Relaciones Familiares , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatorios , Adulto Joven
16.
Psicol. educ. (Madr.) ; 27(1): 1-11, ene. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-199704

RESUMEN

This study examines how teacher perceptions of student misbehaviour correlate with their perceptions of school climate and student self-reports, using multi-informant two-level multilevel modelling. School climate questionnaires completed by 4,055 teachers and 16,017 students (1rd to 4th year of compulsory secondary education from 187 schools) showed that teachers' characteristics are marginally related to perceived disruption. Fair rules and support of students' families acted as protective factors, while a lack of educational leadership was a risk factor. Furthermore, the student variable of pro-violence messages from parents acted as a moderator for leadership and rules, while perceived coercive treatment from teachers acted as a moderator for family support of teachers


Esta investigación examina en qué medida la percepción del profesorado sobre el comportamiento disruptivo correlaciona con la percepción del clima escolar y los autoinformes del alumnado, mediante una modelización multi-informante y multinivel. Los cuestionarios sobre el clima escolar, cumplimentados por 4,055 profesores y 16,017 estudiantes (de 1º a 4º curso de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria pertenecientes a 187 centros educativos), muestran que las características de los profesores se relacionan solo marginalmente con la disrupción percibida. La existencia de unas reglas justas y el apoyo de las familias de los estudiantes se mostraron como factores de protección, mientras que la ausencia de un adecuado liderazgo en el equipo directivo aparecía como factor de riesgo. Además, los mensajes que los alumnos reciben de sus padres a favor de la violencia actuaron como moderadores del liderazgo y las reglas, mientras que el trato coercitivo de los profesores que percibían los estudiantes actuó de moderador del apoyo de la familia hacia el profesorado


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudiantes/psicología , Problema de Conducta/psicología , Instituciones Académicas , Medio Social , Maestros/psicología , Análisis Multinivel , Relaciones Familiares/psicología , Distribución por Edad , Factores de Edad , Percepción , Autoinforme , Liderazgo , Violencia/psicología
18.
Res Dev Disabil ; 110: 103860, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486395

RESUMEN

Quarantine derived from COVID-19 pandemic has challenged children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their families daily life and routines. Because of these children unique needs related to manage uncertainty and overcoming situations, an in-depth approach to how they navigated through quarantine urged to better comprehend their current support needs. Forty-seven families with a child with ASD ranging in age between 2 and 17 years old (M = 7.3, SD = 3.4) from the north of Spain responded to an online developed questionnaire on different aspects of their daily life management of quarantine. Most of the families stressed that their offspring better drove quarantine than expected. Some families reported that youth participated more often in families' routines and were more communicative with their parents. Families, beyond some difficulties aroused, had more time to qualitatively spend with their children to teach new skills as autonomy or house care related skills. Families also developed new strategies to manage quarantine, such as structuring their days, using visual supports or new technologies for learning or leisure, and found more useful in this effort their family cohesion, online contact with relatives, and having online psychological supports.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Relaciones Familiares , Padres , Apoyo Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Afecto , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cuarentena , Participación Social , España , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Factores de Tiempo
19.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 15(1): [1-20], jan. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1147651

RESUMEN

Objetivo: apreender, nas lembranças de filhos em história de vida, o sentido e o significado da convivência familiar com pais alcoolistas. Método: trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, descritivo, exploratório, com ênfase na História Oral de Vida, realizado com cinco filhos de pais alcoolistas por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Analisaram-se os dados pela Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: percebeu-se que o adoecimento é concomitante, dos pais em virtude do uso abusivo do álcool e dos filhos que estão em convivência com ele e vivenciaram situações de conflitos e violência. Descreveram-se, ainda, os sentimentos ambíguos desenvolvidos pelos filhos a partir da relação com o pai, como vergonha, medo, estresse, angústia, mas, na fase adulta, houve a ressignificação da convivência no cuidado com o pai por meio da identificação dos sentimentos de tolerância e respeito. Conclusão: identificou-se que a reabilitação psicossocial dos filhos possibilitou a ressignificação da relação com o pai. Aponta-se para a importância de os profissionais de saúde estabelecerem estratégias de cuidado aos alcoolistas e aos filhos, que são cuidadores e vivenciam situações de codependência e sofrimentos emocionais na relação com o familiar alcoolista.(AU)


Objective: to learn, in the memories of children in their life history, the meaning and significance of family life with alcoholic parents. Method: this is a qualitative, descriptive, exploratory study, with emphasis on Oral History of Life, carried out with five children of alcoholic parents through semi-structured interviews. The data was analyzed through Content Analysis. Results: it was noticed that the illness is concomitant, of the parents due to the abusive use of alcohol and of the children who are in coexistence with it and have experienced situations of conflicts and violence. The ambiguous feelings developed by the children from the relationship with the father were also described, such as shame, fear, stress, anguish, but, in the adult phase, there was the resignification of the coexistence in the care with the father through the identification of the feelings of tolerance and respect. Conclusion: it was identified that the psychosocial rehabilitation of the children enabled the resignification of the relationship with the father. It was pointed out the importance of health professionals to establish strategies to care for alcoholics and their children, who are caregivers and experience situations of codependence and emotional suffering in the relationship with the alcoholic family member.(AU)


Objetivo: aprehender, en la memoria de los niños en la historia de vida, el sentido y el significado de la vida familiar con padres alcohólicos. Método: se trata de un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, exploratorio, con énfasis en la Historia de Vida Oral, realizado con cinco hijos de padres alcohólicos mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas. Los datos se analizaron mediante Análisis de Contenido. Resultados: se notó que la enfermedad es concomitante, de los padres por el uso abusivo del alcohol y de los hijos que conviven con él y vivieron situaciones de conflicto y violencia. También se describieron los sentimientos ambiguos desarrollados por los hijos a partir de la relación con el padre, como vergüenza, miedo, estrés, angustia, pero, en la edad adulta, se dio un nuevo sentido de convivencia en el cuidado del padre al identificar sentimientos de tolerancia y respeto. Conclusión: se identificó que la rehabilitación psicosocial de los niños permitió redefinir la relación con el padre. Se señala la importancia de que los profesionales de la salud establezcan estrategias de atención para los alcohólicos y sus hijos, quienes son cuidadores y viven situaciones de codependencia y sufrimiento emocional en la relación con el familiar alcohólico.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Salud Mental , Codependencia Psicológica , Trastornos Relacionados con Alcohol , Alcoholismo , Relaciones Familiares , Relaciones Padre-Hijo , Alcohólicos , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Memoria , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Violencia Doméstica , Investigación Cualitativa
20.
Am J Public Health ; 111(3): 504-513, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476237

RESUMEN

Objectives. To investigate the long-term impacts of a family economic intervention on physical, mental, and sexual health of adolescents orphaned by AIDS in Uganda.Methods. Students in grades 5 and 6 from 48 primary schools in Uganda were randomly assigned at the school level (cluster randomization) to 1 of 3 conditions: (1) control (n = 487; 16 schools), (2) Bridges (1:1 savings match rate; n = 396; 16 schools), or (3) Bridges PLUS (2:1 savings match rate; n = 500; 16 schools).Results. At 24 months, compared with participants in the control condition, Bridges and Bridges PLUS participants reported higher physical health scores, lower depressive symptoms, and higher self-concept and self-efficacy. During the same period, Bridges participants reported lower sexual risk-taking intentions compared with the other 2 study conditions. At 48 months, Bridges and Bridges PLUS participants reported better self-rated health, higher savings, and lower food insecurity. During the same period, Bridges PLUS participants reported reduced hopelessness, and greater self-concept and self-efficacy. At 24 and 48 months, Bridges PLUS participants reported higher savings than Bridges participants.Conclusions. Economic interventions targeting families raising adolescents orphaned by AIDS can contribute to long-term positive health and overall well-being of these families.Trial Registration. ClinicalTrials.gov registration no. NCT01447615.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida/economía , Salud del Adolescente/economía , Niños Huérfanos/educación , Pobreza/economía , Adolescente , Salud del Adolescente/estadística & datos numéricos , Relaciones Familiares , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pobreza/prevención & control , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Uganda
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