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1.
Appetite ; 168: 105753, 2022 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648910

RESUMEN

Parents' food-related and general parenting behaviors may vary according to cultural background, with consequences for child eating behavior and weight. A better understanding of food-related and general parenting behaviors adopted by Chinese-American parents, and the relationships of all of these behaviors with child weight, is essential to aid the development of culturally appropriate interventions to prevent obesity in Chinese-American children. We investigated cross-sectional relationships of acculturation with parental feeding behaviors assessed with the Child Feeding Questionnaire, Parent Feeding Styles Questionnaire and Caregiver's Feeding Styles Questionnaire, and general parenting behaviors assessed with the Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire, in a sample of Chinese-American parents of 5-12 year-old children (n = 233). Parental level of acculturation was assessed using the Suinn-Lew Asian Self-Identity Acculturation scale. We performed generalized linear regressions to explore associations of acculturation levels with parental feeding and general parenting subscales and also associations of these factors with child body mass index (BMI) z-score. Acculturation was associated with higher scores on Responsiveness in feeding, lower scores on subscales assessing controlling feeding behaviors (Restriction, Pressure to eat, Demandingness in feeding), lower scores on non-nutritive feeding behaviors (Emotional feeding, Instrumental feeding), and greater likelihood of an indulgent feeding style. With regard to general parenting, acculturation was associated with lower scores on subscales assessing authoritarian parenting. Parental Prompting/Encouragement to eat was associated with lower child BMI z-score, while authoritarian parenting subscales were associated with higher BMI z-score. An appreciation of the impact of cultural variation on food-related and general parenting may help to inform the development of culturally-sensitive obesity prevention interventions.


Asunto(s)
Aculturación , Responsabilidad Parental , Índice de Masa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Niño , Preescolar , Conducta Alimentaria , Humanos , Obesidad , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Appetite ; 168: 105733, 2022 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619243

RESUMEN

Individual differences in child eating self-regulation are associated with excess weight gain and may be explained, in part, by the family feeding environment and a child's general propensity to self-regulate outside of the context of eating (i.e., general self-regulation). Several studies have examined the associations between food parenting behaviors, child eating and general self-regulation, and child weight separately. However, there are a paucity of data on whether and how these factors interact to confer risk for weight gain in early childhood. The current systematic review identified 32 longitudinal studies that examined unidirectional or bidirectional associations among one or more of the following paths: food parenting behaviors and child eating self-regulation (path 1); child eating self-regulation and child weight (path 2); child eating self-regulation and child general self-regulation (path 3); food parenting behaviors and child general self-regulation (path 4); and child general self-regulation and child weight (path 5). Results indicated relationships of food parenting behaviors to child eating self-regulation, child weight to child eating self-regulation, and child general self-regulation to child weight. However, there were scant longitudinal data that examined paths 3 and 4. Further research on the developmental correlates of child eating self-regulation is needed to identify parent and child targets for early childhood obesity prevention.


Asunto(s)
Obesidad Pediátrica , Autocontrol , Niño , Conducta Infantil , Preescolar , Ingestión de Alimentos , Conducta Alimentaria , Humanos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Responsabilidad Parental , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
3.
Appetite ; 168: 105777, 2022 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715243

RESUMEN

Grandparents are frequently called upon to provide childcare to young children. Consequently, grandparents may influence the development of children's eating habits and preferences and may require support with their approach to feeding young children. However, research into grandparental feeding behaviours is scarce. Understanding how grandparental feeding behaviours compare to parental feeding behaviours will further help to establish whether grandparents require specific interventions unique to the grandparental role or if current strategies that target parental feeding behaviour are also appropriate for grandparents. The aim of the present study was to explore the similarities and differences between parent and grandparent dietary provision, feeding practices and feeding styles to preschool-aged children. 72 parents and 44 unrelated grandparents of children aged 2-4 years old took part in an online study and completed an online 24-h dietary recall using myfood24® to assess dietary provision. Parents and grandparents were providing meals high in saturated fat and sodium and providing below recommended amounts of fruit and vegetables. Overall, feeding practices were similar between parents and grandparents. Although, grandparents scored lower on using food as a reward (p < 0.05) and creating a healthy food environment (p < 0.05) compared to parents. Whereas, parents scored higher for promoting balance and variety (p < 0.05). A range of feeding styles were found within each caregiver type, with no significant associations found between caregiver type and feeding style (p > 0.05). Strategies to promote healthy eating in young children should be expanded to also target grandparents who act as informal caregivers to preschool-aged children. However, since very few differences in feeding behaviour were reported the content of such strategies may not need to be adapted specifically for grandparents.


Asunto(s)
Abuelos , Niño , Preescolar , Dieta , Conducta Alimentaria , Humanos , Comidas , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Responsabilidad Parental , Padres , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948523

RESUMEN

Parents of children with ASD experience a higher incidence of mental health difficulties, including stress, depression, and anxiety, than parents of children without ASD. According to studies related to ASD, parent-child physical activity programs are an effective approach to encourage both parents and their children with ASD to exercise together, thus improving the mental health of parents due to this interactive family activity. The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of this web-based parent-child physical activity program on the mental health of parents of children with ASD. A total of 94 parent-child pairs consented to participate in this study, and 75 parent-child pairs completed the study. Three instruments-DASS-21, PSI-4-SF, and WHOQOL-26-were used to measure mental health, parental stress, and quality of life, respectively. A randomized controlled trial design was implemented to examine the effectiveness of the 10-week web-based parent-child physical activity program on improving the mental health of parents of children with ASD. The results showed that after the 10-week parent-child physical activity program, there were significant differences in overall DASS-21 and PSI-4-SF for the experimental group, compared with control group (p < 0.05), which indicated that the parent-child physical activity program has a positive influence on mental health in parents of children with ASD. One sub-area of WHOQOL-26 between the experimental and control groups across pre-/post-testing intervals also showed greater reductions in the item of psychological health (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the findings demonstrated the efficacy of the web-based parent-child physical activity program for improving mental health in parents of children with ASD.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Salud Mental , Ejercicio Físico , Humanos , Internet , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Calidad de Vida
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948725

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an effective parent training approach for a commonly occurring and disabling condition, namely conduct problems in young children. Yet, despite ongoing efforts to train clinicians in PCIT, the intervention is not widely available in New Zealand and Australia. METHODS: We undertook a cross-sectional online survey of clinicians in New Zealand and Australia who had completed at least the 40-h initial PCIT training, to understand the barriers they encountered in their implementation efforts, and the extent to which attitudes toward time-out influenced implementation. The overall response rate was 47.5% (NZ: 60%; Australia: 31.4%). RESULTS: Responses suggested that participants generally viewed PCIT as both acceptable and effective. Australian participants reported seeing significantly more clients for PCIT per week than those in NZ (Medians 0 and 2, respectively; χ2(1) = 14.08, p < 0.001) and tended to view PCIT as more effective in treating disruptive and oppositional behaviour (95% CI: -0.70, -0.13, p = 0.005). Participants currently seeing PCIT clients described it as more enjoyable to implement than those not using PCIT (95% CI: -0.85, -0.10, p = 0.01). Thirty-eight percent of participants indicated that they adapt or tailor the standardised protocol, primarily by adding in content relating to emotion regulation, and removing content relating to time-out. Participants generally felt that they had fewer skills, less knowledge, and less confidence relating to the Parent-Directed Interaction phase of PCIT (which involves time-out), compared with the Child-Directed Interaction phase. CONCLUSION: While we had hypothesised that time-out represented an intra-intervention component that detracted from implementation success, results suggested that clinician concern over the use of time-out was present but not prominent. Rather, the lack of access to suitable equipment (i.e., one-way mirror and ear-piece) and difficulties associated with clients attending clinic-based sessions were barriers most commonly reported by clinicians. We suggest that future research might consider whether and how PCIT might be "re-implemented" by already-trained clinicians, moving beyond simply training more clinicians in the approach.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Problema de Conducta , Australia , Preescolar , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Nueva Zelanda
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948728

RESUMEN

Good motor skills (MS) and physical activity (PA) are considered important for children's physical, social, and psychological development. The Motor skills in PreSchool (MiPS) study-Denmark aimed to optimize children's MS through weekly PA sessions. The aim of this paper is to explore the role of local preschool leaders and their strategies in influencing the implementation of MiPS into daily practice. Leaders from all seven preschools in the project were interviewed. The results show that preschool leaders used communication (setting an agenda and dedicating speaking time to address the program at staff meetings) and reflective questioning about the pedagogic staff's current practice in relation to the program (adding focus on MS and PA) as their main course of action. Through this form of communication and reflective questioning, the preschool leaders aimed to involve the staff and heighten their sensemaking in the existing practice while also ensuring that the implementation of the program was kept in progress. In sum, future implementation of an MS and PA initiative in preschools should put emphasis on a shared responsibility between leaders and staff combined with an adaptive approach in which the existing practice is reshaped rather than just increasing the workload of the pedagogic staff.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Destreza Motora , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Comunicación , Humanos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Instituciones Académicas
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34949012

RESUMEN

Social learning experiences developed through engagement in community cultural activities can affect a child's development. Few studies have examined how children's engagement in community activities is related to their mental health. This study aimed to examine associations between children's participation in community cultural activities and their mental health. We targeted all sixth-grade children in all 69 primary schools in Adachi City, Tokyo, using the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty (A-CHILD) study (n = 4391). Parents answered the validated Japanese version of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to assess child mental health, the child's engagement in community cultural activities. The community activity in which children most frequently participated was local festivals. Participating in local festivals was significantly associated with lower behavioral difficulties (ß = -0.49, SE = 0.17, p = 0.005) and higher prosocial behaviors (ß = 0.25, SE = 0.07, p < 0.001) after adjusting for demographic variables, family social capital, and parent-child interactions. These results highlight the importance of children's engagement in community cultural activities for their mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Salud Mental , Humanos , Pandemias , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 70(8): 662-678, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34898407

RESUMEN

Attachment researchers propose that the term affect regulation is associated with attachment-related defensive processes resulting from attachment experiences with primary caregivers. They serve to regulate attachment-related inner states. The Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP) is a reliable and valid tool to classify attachment patterns and it allows to assess these attachment-related defensive processes. It provides information about the defensive processes that help clinicians to understand complex symptoms and interaction patterns in the parent-child relationship that can be integrated into psychiatric treatment. The present case study deals with a mother of a child with a feeding disorder. We will illustrate how information on attachment-related affect regulation can successfully be integrated into psychotherapeutic intervention in a psychiatric parent-child ward.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Madre-Hijo , Apego a Objetos , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Madres , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Psicoterapia
10.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0260891, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914730

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Parent mental health and wellbeing may have implications for understanding attachment transmission. In this systematic review, we synthesise the published literature to determine the nature of the relationship between parent mental health and wellbeing and the intergenerational transmission of attachment and to provide recommendations for future research, clinical practice and intervention. METHOD: Using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) approach, five electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed empirical studies, published in English. Articles were considered for inclusion if data was collected on adult attachment, child attachment, and a domain of parent mental health/wellbeing. No date parameters were applied to the search strategy. The review was registered with PROPSERO (registration number: CRD42020157247). RESULTS: Eleven studies examining the impact on parent mental health and wellbeing on the intergenerational transmission of attachment were identified for inclusion in this review. Our review found preliminary evidence that parent mental health and wellbeing play a role in the intergenerational transmission of attachment. Other key findings from the review were: evidence quality is mixed due to variable measurement of attachment and mental health; studies have mostly included correlational analysis or do not utilise contemporary methodological approaches to testing mediating or moderating relationships; and literature is largely focused on psychopathology and negative factors of mental health. CONCLUSIONS: The limited scope of parent mental health and wellbeing constructs examined in the literature, the sparse use of robust statistical analyses, and the lack of literature in general makes it difficult to draw conclusions on how and why parent mental health impacts attachment transmission. Addressing these limitations will further progress attachment-related literature and may have particular implications for attachment-informed interventions with clinical populations.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental/normas , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Padres/psicología , Niño , Humanos
11.
Dev Psychol ; 57(11): 1991-2005, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914459

RESUMEN

This longitudinal follow-up studied continued effects of parental influences on narrative identity in young adulthood. Decades of research have shown the importance of parental shared reminiscing and positive parenting for the development of children's and youths' autobiographical memory and narrative identity. Yet, research on long-term influences of parenting on narrative indices in adulthood is scarce, even though parents' traces remain a part of narrative identity throughout the life span (Köber & Habermas, 2018). Therefore, in this study, 118 individuals (at time 1: Mage = 17.3 years, SD = .77, 73% female, 82% White) reported at age 17 on their perceived positive parenting. As emerging and young adults, as part of follow-ups at ages 26 and again at 32, participants provided life story interviews. First, it was tested whether earlier positive parenting longitudinally predicted parents' traces in later life stories. Second, we studied the joint long-term prediction of parenting and parents' traces to several narrative features of these young adults' life stories, including emotional tone, coherent positive resolution, and narrative complexity. Results replicated prior research on parents' traces and showed moreover that perceived parenting shape offspring's narrative identity well into young adulthood. These long-term findings are consistent with the notion that narrative identity in adulthood is rooted in the family, and continuously shaped by experiences with parents. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Responsabilidad Parental , Padres , Adolescente , Adulto , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Narración , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Adulto Joven
12.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 70(7): 588-603, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734548

RESUMEN

The joint treatment of mentally ill children and their parents represents a special treatment concept in child and adolescent psychiatry. A study conducted by the Working Group (BAG) "Early Childhood" shows the current situation of care and possible models of child and adolescent psychiatric parent-child treatment in Germany. Using the parent-child ward of the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department in Magdeburg as an example, the combined treatment of mentally ill children and their parents is presented. The treatment approach consists of a three-week diagnostic phase, after which families are discharged again to their home environment followed by a five-week therapy block, for which the families have to be readmitted to the ward. With a focus on the parent-child relationship, the treatment concept - in contrast to regular child psychiatric treatments - is dynamically adapted to the quality of the parent-child interaction and not primarily related to the disorder of the children. First studies indicate the effectiveness of the special treatment setting and illustrate the efficiency of a joint treatment of parents and child, which, however, is associated with increased economic costs. Based on these results, the chances and limitations of parent-child wards are discussed and conclusions for parent-child treatment are drawn.


Asunto(s)
Hijo de Padres Discapacitados , Trastornos Mentales , Adolescente , Psiquiatría del Adolescente , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/diagnóstico , Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Padres
13.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1250, 2021 Nov 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798870

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Children who are next-of-kin, for a parent who experience illness or disability, need support. In Norway, guidelines, routines and structured approaches in the community health services are lacking regarding involving children in the care of a parent and for services when supporting children as next-of-kin. Additionally, no existing international review has focused on support from community health and social services for children who are next-of-kin to a parent regardless of the specific illness or disability. AIMS: This scoping review examined the current knowledge regarding the types of community health and social services support to children 0 to 17 years old living with a parent experiencing illness or disability. The review also identified children's support preferences and needs. METHODS: The scoping review involved five stages; identifying research question; identifying relevant articles; selecting articles; charting the data and finally, collating, summarizing and reporting the results. RESULTS: Articles which included community health and social services interventions and children's preferences or needs for support were included. The foci of interventions included preventive education, peer support, psychosocial support, and interventions focusing on family communication and recovery planning. Articles focusing on children's preferences or need for support described their wish to be recognized as a next-of-kin, having someone to talk to and professional and peer support. CONCLUSION: The review highlighted the importance of children receiving support according to their preferences. It is important to elicit children's voices, to ensure community health and social services are developed for and tailored to this population.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Padres , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Noruega
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769844

RESUMEN

In this digital era, young children spend a considerable amount of time looking at telephone, tablet, computer and television screens. However, preventative eye health behavior education could help avoid and relieve asthenopia. The effects of parental influence on their children's eye health behavior through the preschool eye health education intervention program were examined. The Health Belief Model was used to develop parental involvement strategy and eye health curriculum. The study was conducted in a large public preschool with five branches in Beijing, China. A total of 248 parent-child pairs participated in the baseline and follow-up surveys, of which 129 were in the intervention group and 119 were in the comparison group. The generalized estimating equation analysis results indicated that parental involvement in preschool-based eye health intervention on screen uses had positive influence on parents' eye health knowledge, cues to action, and parenting efficacy. The intervention program also had positive effects on the increasing level of children's eye health knowledge, beliefs, cues to action, self-efficacy, and behaviors. The results supported the implementation of a preschool-based eye health intervention program with parental involvement, which could potentially enhance children's and parents' eye health beliefs and practices.


Asunto(s)
Responsabilidad Parental , Televisión , Niño , Conducta Infantil , Preescolar , Computadores , Escolaridad , Humanos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769971

RESUMEN

Parentification is a form of distorted division of roles and responsibilities in the family where the roles of parent and child are reversed. A situation that goes beyond the child's capabilities and exhausts resources usually yields numerous negative consequences. Nevertheless, in some circumstances, parentification may be beneficial by shaping resiliency. The main aim of the study was to examine the relations between parentification characteristics and resiliency. There were 208 adolescents (Mage = 14.55; SDage = 1.00) who participated in the study. Resiliency was evaluated using the Polish Scale for Children and Adolescents SPP-18. Parentification level was measured with the polish Parentification Questionnaire for Youth. The analyses revealed significant relations between parentification and resiliency dimensions. The relations were different based on the participant's gender. The obtained results underline the role of resiliency in shaping the perception of family role dysfunctions such as parentification.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Responsabilidad Parental , Adolescente , Trastorno de Personalidad Antisocial , Niño , Humanos , Lactante , Polonia , Conducta Social
16.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 630700, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744584

RESUMEN

Objective: Internet addiction has emerged as a growing concern worldwide. This study aimed to compare the prevalence of Internet addiction between left-behind children (LBC) and non-left-behind children (non-LBC), and explore the role of paternal and maternal parent-child communication on LBC. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in rural areas in Anhui, China. The complete data were available from 699 LBC and 740 non-LBC. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine 1) whether LBC were more likely to develop Internet addiction, and 2) the association between parent-child communication and Internet addiction among LBC. Results: LBC had a higher likelihood to report Internet addiction when compared to non-LBC (OR = 2.03, 95%CI = 1.43-2.88, p < 0.001). Among LBC, parent-child communication (both mother-child and father-child) was protective factor for children's Internet addiction. The role of mother-child communication played well among male LBC. Conclusions: The lack of parental supervision may lead to Internet addiction. It is highly recommended for migrant parents to improve the quality of communication with their children. Also, gender-matching effects should be considered in the relationship between children's behavior and parental factors.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Separación Familiar , Trastorno de Adicción a Internet , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Niño , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Trastorno de Adicción a Internet/epidemiología , Masculino
17.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 42(323): 41-43, 2021.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763844

RESUMEN

The parents of a child with a neurodevelopmental disorder have a higher level of distress than those of a typical child. The consequences of their child's atypical development have a considerable impact on their parenting. Having an special child would therefore be a particular stressor, specific to this form of parenting. As a result, they are more likely to suffer from parental burnout.


Asunto(s)
Responsabilidad Parental , Padres , Agotamiento Psicológico , Niño , Humanos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo
18.
Dev Psychol ; 57(10): 1582-1596, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807682

RESUMEN

This Dutch multi-informant study examined effects of the first COVID-19 lockdown (LD; e.g., school closure and social restrictions) on parent-adolescent relationships. Four biweekly measurements before and 4 biweekly measurements during the LD were collected among adolescents (N = 179, Mage = 14.26 years, 69% girls) and their parents (N = 144, Mage = 47.01 years, 81% female). Parents' educational level was relatively diverse: 12% low (high school or lower), 33% medium (vocational training), and 55% high (college or university). Adolescents and parents reported on parental support, parent-adolescent conflict, autonomy support, psychological control, behavioral control, and time spent on various activities. Adolescents spent more time with their parents during LD (before M = 8.6 hr, during M = 12.7 hr), but less time with friends (before M = 8.1 hr, during M = 2.1 hr), and reported on average 13 COVID-19-related rules. Preregistered piecewise growth models confirmed that autonomy support decreased immediately during the LD, but no mean level changes were observed in the other relationship dimensions. During the first 2 months of the LD, parents reported gradual increases in autonomy support and decreases in behavioral control. Moreover, significant differences between families were found in sudden and more gradual relationship changes, which correlated strongly with pre-LD characteristics of the relationship, and in some models with adolescent oppositional defiance and legitimacy beliefs. In sum, findings suggest resilience in most families, but also heterogeneity: Some families were negatively affected, and others were positively affected. A tailored approach is therefore needed to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on family functioning. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Responsabilidad Parental , Adolescente , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Padres , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Dev Psychol ; 57(10): 1597-1610, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807683

RESUMEN

The purpose of this article was to explore how family chaos, parenting processes, parent-child relationship qualities, and sibling relationship qualities changed before versus the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants included one parent and two adolescent-aged children from 682 families (2,046 participants). Parents and youth participating in an ongoing longitudinal study in five Midwestern states in the United States completed an additional web-based assessment of family processes and family relationship qualities during the May-June 2020 pandemic-related shutdowns. A series of two-wave latent change score models indicated that family chaos increased with the onset of pandemic-related shutdowns and that the level of chaos within a family during the shutdowns had implications for changes in several parenting processes and family relationship qualities. Specifically, higher levels of family chaos during the pandemic mitigated observed increases in parental knowledge and were associated with declines in parental autonomy granting. Family chaos during pandemic-related shutdowns also was associated with increases in maternal-child conflict, paternal-child conflict, and sibling conflict as well as decreases in paternal-child intimacy, sibling intimacy, and sibling disclosure. Overall, consistent with a family stress perspective, the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with increased strain and commotion within many households, and these changes had implications for multiple family relationships. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adolescente , Anciano , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Responsabilidad Parental , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Dev Psychol ; 57(10): 1611-1622, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807684

RESUMEN

The extensive measures to prevent spread of COVID-19 have had a major impact on families' daily lives. Changes in family routines and experiences of COVID-19-related stress might negatively impact the quality of parenting and the parent-adolescent relationship. However, using active coping strategies might be associated with limited negative or even positive changes in the parent-adolescent relationship. This longitudinal, multi-informant, and pre-registered study used data of 240 mostly Dutch parents (85% mothers; Mage = 44.2 years old) and adolescents (50% girls; Mage = 11.4 years) from diverse SES backgrounds. Using Latent Change Score models, we examined how parent-reported parenting (i.e., positive parenting and discipline practices) and adolescent-reported relationship quality (i.e., support and negative interaction) changed from pre-COVID-19 (Fall 2019) to the COVID-19 period (Spring 2020). Moreover, we investigated whether parents' and adolescents' level of COVID-19-related stress was associated with the change in relationships, and whether active coping moderated the association between stress and changes in relationships. Results showed average decreases in support, positive parenting, and negative interactions between parents and adolescents. COVID-19-related stress was not a direct predictor of relationship changes and there was little evidence of moderating effects. Only adolescents' use of active coping strategies moderated the effect of stress on positive parenting. For high active coping adolescents, the link between stress and change in positive parenting was negative, whereas for low active coping adolescents this link was positive. The findings suggest that parent-adolescent relationships during a pandemic need attention, especially for adolescents with high stress levels and using active coping strategies. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , COVID-19 , Adaptación Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Responsabilidad Parental , Padres , SARS-CoV-2
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