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2.
Arch Esp Urol ; 74(2): 239-246, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650539

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES:  The people of ancient age appealed to sanctuaries of different gods and goddesses they believed to have healing powers and consecrated anatomical votive offerings representing their sick or healed organs. Male genital organ votives were also present among these votives. In this article, male genital organ votive offerings presented to gods and goddesses were examined and the votives giving information about the diseases they indicated were revealed in contemporary medicine. METHODS: Information available in written resources on ancient medicine and diseases was reviewed. Main sanctuary healing centers in Anatolia (Asia Minor), Greece and Italy which concurrently hosted similar civilizations were investigated. Male genital organ shap anatomical votive samples in national and foreign medical history and archaeology museums, galleries and special collections were investigated and examined. RESULTS:  It was observed that most male genital organ votives had a healthy and normal structure and didn't provide any specific information on a urogenital disease. But it was also observed that some votives among genital organ votives consecrated by sick individuals to gods demonstrated some urogenital diseases and conditions. Among this very limited number of genital votives providing disease information, votives indicating phimosis, hypospadias, varicocele, penile hemangioma or condylama, Peyronie's disease or penile curvature, genital hidradenitis suppurativa, condition of pubic hair and erectile condition of penis were detected. CONCLUSIONS: As proofs of seeking a remedy for diseases or recovering from diseases, anatomical organ votives are very important to understand ancient sanctuary medicine. Among male genital organ votives, very limited number of samples providing specific information on diseases provided us important information so that we can understand some ancient age diseases.


Asunto(s)
Medicina , Induración Peniana , Fimosis , Genitales , Historia Antigua , Humanos , Italia , Masculino , Religión y Medicina
3.
Urologe A ; 60(3): 361-367, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620514

RESUMEN

During Medieval and Renaissance times up to the 19th century hagiotherapy was a common part of many different health offerings in society. Within the field of urology, kidney stone disease and venereal (sexually transmitted) diseases were the favourite subjects. Even today, the names of St. Libory, St. Roche, St. Apollinaire and St. Dionysius are common within the culture of remembrance in Europe and the USA.


Asunto(s)
Cálculos Renales , Santos , Urología , Europa (Continente) , Historia Medieval , Humanos , Religión y Medicina
4.
Adv Mind Body Med ; 35(2): 4-13, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620331

RESUMEN

Aim: The purpose of this article is to enhance our understanding of prayer healing by studying a case which was described as a 'remarkable healing' by a medical assessment team at the Amsterdam University Medical Centre (UMC) in the Netherlands. Method: This retrospective, case-based study of prayer healing investigated numerous reported healings using both medical files and patient narratives. A medical assessment team evaluated the associated medical files, as well as any experiential data. The instances of healing could be classified as 'remarkable' or 'unexplained.' Experiential data were obtained by qualitative, in-depth interviews. The study was transdisciplinary in nature, involving medical, psychological, theological, and philosophical perspectives. The object was to understand such healings within the broader framework of the science-religion debate. Results: We present the case of a female patient, born in 1959, with Parkinson disease who experienced instantaneous, nearly complete healing in 2012 after intercessory prayer. At that point the disease was at an advanced stage, rapidly progressive, with major debilitating symptoms. High doses of oral medication were required. Following this healing there was no recurrence of her former symptoms, while the remaining symptoms continued to improve. She regained all of her capacities at work, as well as in daily life. The medical assessment team described her recovery as 'remarkable.' The patient reported that she had always 'lived with God,' and that at a point when she had given up hope, 'life was given back to her.' This recovery did not make her immune to other illnesses and suffering, but it did strengthen her belief that God cares about human beings. Conclusion: This remarkable healing and its context astonished the patient, her family, and her doctors. The clinical course was extraordinary, contradicting data from imaging studies, as well as the common understanding of this disease. This case also raised questions about medical assumptions. Any attempt to investigate such healings requires the involvement of other disciplines. A transdisciplinary approach that includes experiential knowledge would be helpful. Against the background of the science-religion debate, we feel that the most helpful approach would be one of complementarity and dialogue, rather than stoking controversy.


Asunto(s)
Curación por la Fe , Enfermedad de Parkinson/terapia , Espiritualidad , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermedad de Parkinson/psicología , Religión y Medicina
5.
Adv Mind Body Med ; 35(1): 4-8, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513580

RESUMEN

There is substantial evidence that spiritual well-being is an important determinant of overall health, longevity and quality of life, especially in patients with severe illness. While most physicians would agree that spiritual well-being is an important factor in their patients' health, the spiritual needs and well-being of patients are largely ignored and rarely addressed by healthcare providers, representing a significant gap in care. Physicians often cite a lack of training or comfort in assessing and/or addressing patients' spiritual needs, and a lack of research on the safety and efficacy of spiritual interventions as barriers to care. In this review, we discuss the effects of spiritual well-being on health, and the importance of assessing and addressing patients' spiritual needs, highlight the need for methodic, rigorous high-quality studies and improved physician education in identifying and addressing patients' spiritual needs.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Cuidado Pastoral , Rol del Médico , Médicos/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Espiritualidad , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Religión y Medicina
7.
Fam Med ; 53(1): 58-60, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471924

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Religion and spirituality constitute aspects of diversity that physicians must respect to provide patient-centered care. By seeing patients as individuals and integrating their religious and spiritual needs into their medical care, providers can deliver personalized health care. Their needs become even more critical for the frontline providers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Most patients want their physicians to address their religious and spiritual needs when it comes to their health (eg, during isolation precautions). Despite increases in educational curricula about this integration, most physicians still do not provide this aspect of patient-centered care. METHODS: In this observational study, we examined how medical students responded to a patient experiencing a religious and spiritual issue by having standardized patients (SPs) rate the students' level of engagement with them. We also asked students to reflect on their own spirituality, in terms of their current and ideal levels of spirituality, the difference of which indicates spiritual dissonance. Medical students (n=232) completed the Spiritual Health and Life-Outcome Measure (SHALOM) questionnaire, and their SPs completed the Princess Margaret Hospital Satisfaction With Doctor Questionnaire (PSQ-MD). RESULTS: Results indicated a significant, positive correlation between disengagement (from PSQ-MD) and transcendent spirituality dissonance (from SHALOM). CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of disconnection from a patient case with a religious and spiritual issue (portrayed by an SP) were associated with higher levels of incongruity in medical students' responses as to their ideal relationship with the transcendent (eg, God, Allah, peace).


Asunto(s)
Simulación de Paciente , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Religión y Medicina , Espiritualidad , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Satisfacción del Paciente , Atención Dirigida al Paciente , Religión
8.
J Nurs Adm ; 51(2): 106-113, 2021 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449601

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the association between religion/spirituality (r/s) and mental health outcomes in hospital-based nursing staff. BACKGROUND: The relationship between r/s and health has been studied extensively. Most frequently, r/s has been studied in association with mental health outcomes, including depression, anxiety, and distress among patients. However, hospital-based nurses suffer from the mental health effects of working in high-stress work environments. To date, little research has focused on the relationship between r/s and mental health outcomes in nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was completed by 207 nurses from 6 community hospitals. RESULTS: Approximately half of the nurses sampled identified as religious, whereas nearly 75% identified as spiritual. There were significant associations between measures of r/s and mental health outcomes such as depression, anxiety, and mental well-being. CONCLUSIONS: This whole-person assessment of nurses may inform future retention and engagement strategies focused on faith-based interventions.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Rol de la Enfermera/psicología , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Estrés Laboral/psicología , Espiritualidad , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estrés Laboral/prevención & control , Religión y Medicina , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Soins Psychiatr ; 41(329): 18-22, 2020.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129400

RESUMEN

The place of the chaplain in psychiatric units is still frequently challenged. Caregivers' mistrust of this person of faith is based on the impact religious words and discourse may have on the patient'sdelirium However, when the chaplainand caregivers cometogether and clarify their approaches, relations improve.The cleric,inhis practicewith patients, lends ahuman ear while taking into accountthe suffering. He is also areceptacle for themetaphysical and religious questions expressed by patients.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales , Religión y Medicina , Cuidadores/psicología , Clero/psicología , Humanos , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Trastornos Mentales/terapia
11.
Soins Psychiatr ; 41(329): 23-26, 2020.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129401

RESUMEN

The mission of the mobile ethnopsychiatry team (EMIE) is to provide consultations to patientsfrom an emigrantbackground whopresent problems of acultural nature. Ayoung Congolese is in the grip of rituals and black magic.Heistorn between his father'sinfluence,his mother'sopinions and his place in the familycircle.His story is aperfect illustration of the specific role of the EMIE in the health and immigrant caresystem.


Asunto(s)
Emigrantes e Inmigrantes , Trastornos Mentales , Religión y Medicina , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/psicología , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Unidades Móviles de Salud , Derivación y Consulta
12.
Soins Psychiatr ; 41(329): 27-30, 2020.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129402

RESUMEN

A collaboration between mental health professionals and an exorcist service in Lyon is not new in France. It is even recommended by the Church, for the well being of sufferers, as long as each party plays its role in line with their own discipline. This requires open-mindedness on both sides which must be developed and cultivated.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales , Religión y Medicina , Terapias Espirituales , Conducta Cooperativa , Francia , Personal de Salud/psicología , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/terapia
13.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239754, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002092

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Vaccination is proven to be one of the most cost-effective measures adopted to improve the health of children globally. Adhering to vaccines for children has the propensity to prevent about 1.5 million annual child deaths globally. This study sought to assess the trend and determinants of complete vaccination coverage among children aged 12-23 months in Ghana. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was based on data from four rounds of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS 1998, 2003, 2008, and 2014). Information on 5,119 children aged 12-23 months were extracted from the children's files. Both bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to assess the factors associated with complete vaccination and statistical significance was pegged at p<0.05. RESULTS: We found that complete vaccination coverage increased from 85.1% in 1998 to 95.2% in 2014. Children whose mothers were in rural areas [aOR = 0.45; CI = 0.33-0.60] had lower odds of getting complete vaccination, compared to those whose mothers were in urban areas. Also, children whose mothers had a secondary level of education [aOR = 1.87; CI = 1.39-2.50] had higher odds of receiving complete vaccination, compared to those whose mothers had no formal education. Children whose mothers were either Traditionalists [aOR = 0.60; CI = 0.42-0.84] or had no religion [aOR = 0.58, CI = 0.43-0.79] had lower odds of receiving complete vaccination, compared to children whose mothers were Christians. CONCLUSION: The study revealed that there has been an increase in the coverage of complete vaccination from 1998 to 2014 in Ghana. Mother's place of residence, education, and religious affiliation were significantly associated with full childhood vaccination. Although there was an increase in complete childhood vaccination, it is imperative to improve health education and expand maternal and child health services to rural areas and among women with no formal education to further increase complete vaccination coverage in Ghana.


Asunto(s)
Cobertura de Vacunación/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Escolaridad , Ghana/epidemiología , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Lactante , Edad Materna , Persona de Mediana Edad , Religión y Medicina , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Población Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
14.
J Relig Health ; 59(6): 2671-2677, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044598

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted religion and faith in different ways. Numerous restrictions have been implemented worldwide. Believers are in conflict with authorities' warnings that gatherings must be limited to combat the spread of the virus. Religion has always played a role of the balm for the soul, and the regular religious participation is associated with better emotional health outcomes. In our study, we examined whether the exposure to COVID-19 enhances the faith. The instrument used was a survey verifying the power of spirituality in the face of the coronavirus pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Religión , Espiritualidad , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Religión y Medicina
15.
Rev Mal Respir ; 37(9): 699-709, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071062

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is no validated Arabic version of the French questionnaire of quality of life, the VQ11. This study aimed to test the applicability of the Arabic version of the VQ11 in Tunisian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: It was a prospective and cross-sectional study, spread over seven months, that included 40 stable COPD male patients. The Arabic version of VQ11, translated by a bilingual expert, was used. The functional, psychological, relational and total scores were calculated. Patients were divided into two groups according to the GOLD classification: "A-B" (n=25) and "C-D" (n=15). A significant correlation-coefficient (r) of≥0.51, between the VQ11 total score and the ADO index (age, dyspnoea, obstruction), and higher quality of life scores in GOLD "C-D" when compared to GOLD "A-B" would be in favour of application of the Arabic version of the VQ11. RESULTS: The mean±standard deviation of age, post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC, ADO index and VQ11 total score were 64±8 years, 0.55±0.08, 4.8±1.7 and 2±10, respectively. A significant "r" (0.56) was identified between the ADO index and the total score. Psychological, relational and total scores of GOLD "A-B" patients were significantly lower than those in GOLD "C-D" patients: 10±4 vs. 12±3, 11±4 vs. 13±3 and 30±11 vs. 36±7, respectively. CONCLUSION: The Arabic version of VQ11 is applicable in Tunisian COPD patients with reliable results.


Asunto(s)
Comparación Transcultural , Lenguaje , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Anciano , Árabes/estadística & datos numéricos , Comorbilidad , Ayuno/fisiología , Femenino , Francia/epidemiología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/diagnóstico , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/epidemiología , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/psicología , Religión y Medicina , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Fumar/epidemiología , Fumar/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Traducción , Túnez/epidemiología
16.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 34(5): 485-492, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-198872

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: Identificar variables y argumentaciones valóricas que configuran la percepción de la interrupción del embarazo como delito bajo cualquier causal, en una muestra comunitaria de una ciudad al sur de Chile durante el debate de la Ley 21.030. MÉTODO: Estudio mixto, cuantitativo, observacional, de corte transversal correlacional y cualitativo. Una muestra cuantitativa de 289 personas de Temuco (Chile) contestó a un cuestionario sobre categorías sociales y su percepción de la gravedad de 15 conductas como delito. Para la fase cualitativa se realizaron 12 entrevistas semiestandarizadas sometidas a análisis de contenido, incorporando algunos elementos de la teoría fundamentada desde la perspectiva constructivista. RESULTADOS: Con independencia del sexo, más de la mitad de la muestra de estudio consideran el aborto como un delito entre grave y extremadamente grave. Las personas religiosas, sin importar el tipo de religión, políticamente conservadoras y con menor nivel educativo, presentan una percepción del aborto como delito de mayor gravedad. La participación con frecuencia en actos religiosos presenta un efecto mediador. Los resultados cualitativos establecen una perspectiva multidimensional y el dogma de la religión como argumento central para rechazar el aborto. CONCLUSIONES: La religión y una visión política conservadora afectan las construcciones tradicionales de género y maternidad, y por ende se observa una tendencia a rechazar el aborto. Estos resultados hacen hincapié en la necesidad de prestar especial atención a la aceptación de la Ley 21.030 sobre la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo para una aplicación efectiva


OBJECTIVE: To identify the variables and the axiological argumentations that configure the perception of abortion as a crime, in a sample of a city in southern Chile during the debate of law 21.030. METHOD: The design is quantitative, observational correlation cross-sectional followed by a qualitative approach. The quantitative sample of 289 members of the community of Temuco (Chile) answered a questionnaire about social categories, and their perception of the seriousness of 15 behaviours defined in Chile as crimes. For the qualitative phase, we carried out 12 semi-standardized interviews in the same community, subject to content analysis, incorporating some elements of grounded theory from the constructivist perspective. RESULTS: Regardless of sex, more than half of the study sample considers abortion to be between a serious and an extremely serious crime, despite its current decriminalization. Religious people, no matter what kind of religion, political conservatives and people of a lower educational level, perceive abortion as a serious crime. Frequency of participation in religious events has a mediating effect. The qualitative results establish t religious teaching as a very important argument to reject abortion, and that the perception of the severity of abortion as a crime is multidimensional. CONCLUSION: Religion and a conservative political vision affect the traditional constructions of gender and motherhood, and therefore, there is a marked tendency to reject abortion. These results emphasize the need to pay special attention to the acceptance of Law 21.030 on the voluntary termination of pregnancy in regions. This is important for effective application of the Law


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Aborto Legal/legislación & jurisprudencia , Valores Sociales , Valor de la Vida , Crimen/ética , Aborto Legal/ética , Religión y Medicina , Estudios Transversales , Escolaridad , Chile/epidemiología
17.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(9)2020 Sep 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907872

RESUMEN

COVID-19 has challenged all medical professionals to optimise non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIV) as a means of limiting intubation. We present a case of a middle-aged man with a voluminous beard for religious reasons who developed progressive hypoxic respiratory failure secondary to COVID-19 infection which became refractory to NIV. After gaining permission to trim the patient's facial hair by engaging with the patient, his family and religious leaders, his mask fit objectively improved, his hypoxaemia markedly improved and an unnecessary intubation was avoided. Trimming of facial hair should be considered in all patients on NIV who might have any limitations with mask fit and seal that would hamper ventilation, including patients who have facial hair for religious reasons.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/terapia , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Ventilación no Invasiva/métodos , Neumonía Viral/terapia , Insuficiencia Respiratoria/terapia , Anciano , Encefalopatías/etiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/complicaciones , Cabello , Humanos , Intubación Intratraqueal , Masculino , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/complicaciones , Religión y Medicina , Insuficiencia Respiratoria/etiología , Traqueostomía
18.
J Christ Nurs ; 37(4): E43-E44, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898076

RESUMEN

Nurses have put themselves in precarious situations by caring for COVID-19 patients. Through the grid of faith, hope, and love as depicted in 1 Corinthians, the author commends the selfless work of nurses and esteems God's faithfulness to nurses who acknowledge him.


Asunto(s)
Cristianismo , Infecciones por Coronavirus/enfermería , Rol de la Enfermera/psicología , Neumonía Viral/enfermería , Religión y Medicina , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Betacoronavirus , Conducta Cooperativa , Empatía , Humanos , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Pandemias , Filosofía en Enfermería
20.
Aust N Z J Public Health ; 44(5): 404-409, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776571

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Health promotion and health literacy activities within church congregations are not a new concept; however, this has not yet been widely researched in New Zealand. This paper explores the views of Samoan Methodist Church ministers about health-related issues and their role in health promotion and health literacy in their churches. METHODS: This was a qualitative research study with Samoan Methodist Church ministers from Auckland, New Zealand. Ten participants were interviewed face-to-face using a semi-structured approach. A general inductive approach for analysis of qualitative data was utilised. Ethics approval was granted by the University of Auckland Human Participants Ethics Committee. RESULTS: All of the church ministers described a holistic view of health and had a sense of responsibility for the holistic wellbeing of their members. Culture was seen as the main barrier to good health. Most of the ministers identified their role in health promotion as being associated with an external health provider. CONCLUSION: Church ministers are well-respected leaders in the Samoan Church, which helps them play an important role in communicating health-promoting messages and encouraging healthy behaviours. The elders and chiefs are recognised as the cultural leaders in the church; without their support, the cultural barriers to health will be difficult to overcome. Implications for public health: Church ministers are important in health literacy messages and health promotion.


Asunto(s)
Cristianismo , Clero/psicología , Alfabetización en Salud , Promoción de la Salud , Liderazgo , Adulto , Características Culturales , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Nueva Zelanda , Investigación Cualitativa , Religión y Medicina , Samoa , Adulto Joven
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