Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 482.256
Filtrar
1.
An. psicol ; 40(1): 38-43, Ene-Abri, 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-229025

RESUMEN

El objetivo del presente estudio fue el de examinar la fiabilidad, validez y estructura factorial de la adaptación española de la Clance Impostor Phenomenon Scale (CIPS). Para ello, un total de 271 estudiantes españoles completaron una versión traducida de la escala original de 20 ítems. En nuestra muestra, el instrumento mostró una alta fiabilidad, medida como consistencia interna, (ωTotal =.90) y correlaciones moderadas-altas con medidas de depresión (r =.633), autoestima (r = -.754) y miedo a las evaluaciones negativas (r = .666), lo cual sugiere tanto una validez nomológica como discriminante. Aunque en la validación original se propuso una estructura de tres factores, otros estudios han encontrado ajuste a estructuras de uno y dos factores. Aquí, utilizamos un análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC) para probar el ajuste de estos tres modelos. Nuestros resultados muestran que, en la adaptación a español, el modelo con dos factores es el preferido. Esta adaptación al español de la CIPS provee a los profesionales clínicos una de una nueva herramienta para poder investigar los mecanismos que subyacen al síndrome del impostor, así como futuros tratamientos.(AU)


The aim of this study was to examine the reliability, validity, and factorial structure of the Spanish version of the Clance Impostor Phenom-enon Scale (CIPS). A sample of 271 Spanish students was recruited to complete a translated version of the original 20-item CIPS. In our sample, the instrument showed high internal consistency reliability (ωTotal=.90) and a moderate-to-strong correlation with measures of depression (r= .633), self-esteem (r= -.754) and fear of negative evaluation (r= .666), suggesting both nomological and discriminant validity. Althoughthe original valida-tion of the CIPS proposed a factorial structure with three factors, subse-quent validations also revealed adjustment to two-and one-factor struc-tures. Here, we used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to test the three different models. The results showed that in our adaptation, a 2-factor structure might be preferred. This adaptation of the CIPS to Spanish pro-vides clinicians with a new method to gain insight into the psychological mechanisms behind the Impostor phenomenon and suitable treatments.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Estudiantes/psicología , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Inteligencia , Psicología , España , Análisis Factorial
2.
An. psicol ; 40(1): 119-130, Ene-Abri, 2024. tab, ilus
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-229034

RESUMEN

Existe poca evidencia de escalas de medición con propiedades psicométricas adecuadas respecto a la Calidad de Vida Laboral en el personal sanitario, por lo que el objetivo fue desarrollar y examinar las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala Mexicana de Calidad de Vida Laboral (EMCVL). Se realizó un estudio instrumental y transversal. Fase 1) desarrollo de la escala y validez de contenido; Fase 2) validación con dos muestras diferentes [n = 293] y [n = 300] a través de un cuestionario en línea. Se obtuvo validez de contenido para 60 ítems (V de Aiken > .90); los análisis factoriales exploratorio y confirmatorio arrojaron una estructura de seis dimensiones; los índices de ajuste de la escala final con 24 ítems fueron aceptables (χ2[257] = 540.277; CMIN/DF = 2.102; NFI = .914; CFI = .953; GFI = .877, AGFI = .845; SRMR = .047; RMSEA = .061 [.054-.069] p <.001), con buenos índices de confiabilidad (α = .949, ω = .982). La EMCVL demostró confiabilidad en la consistencia interna, varias evidencias de validez y una invarianza configuracional y métrica aceptable con un modelo que confirma la existencia de seis dimensiones que explican el constructo a través de 24 ítems.(AU)


There is little evidence of measurement scales with appropriate psychometric properties regard Quality of Work-Life in health personnel, so the objective was to develop and examine psychometric properties of Mexican Quality of Work Life Scale (MQWLS). An instrumental, cross-sectional study was conducted. Phase 1) development of the scale and con-tent validity; Phase 2) validation with two different samples [n= 293] and [n = 300] through an online questionnaire. Content validity was obtained for 60 items (Aiken's V>.90); exploratory and confirmatory factor analyz-es yielded a six-dimension structure; the fit indexes from the final scale with 24 items were acceptable (χ2[257]=540.277; CMIN/DF=2.102; NFI=.914; CFI=.953; GFI=.877, AGFI=.845; SRMR=.047; RMSEA=.061 [.054-.069] p <.001), with good reliability indices (α =.949,ω=.982). MQWLS proved internal consistency reliability, several ev-idences of validity and acceptable configurational and metric invariance with a model that confirms the existence of six dimensions that explain the construct through 24 items.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Psicometría , Personal de Salud/psicología , Equilibrio entre Vida Personal y Laboral , Agotamiento Profesional , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , México , Psicología , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
3.
An. psicol ; 40(1): 150-162, Ene-Abri, 2024. tab, ilus, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-229037

RESUMEN

Este estudio presenta distintos tipos de evidencias de validez y confiabilidad de la Escala de Autenticidad (AS) en una muestra de Brasil y Portugal. El estudioconsiste en una encuesta con 1.077 brasileños y 622 portugueses. Se testó el modelo con tres factores correlacionados (autoalienación, vivir auténtico y aceptación de la influencia externa), el modelo unidimensional y el modelo bifactorial. Se retuvo el modelo con tres factores correlacionados, con las tres subescalas alcanzando confiabilidad moderada a buena. Análisis factorial confirmatorio multigrupo sugirió invariancia escalar para cultura, género, edad, educación, ocupación y preocupación e impacto relacionados con Covid. Los ítems fueron evaluados por graded response model(GRM), sugiriendo que las tres subescalas no discriminan las personas con altos rasgos de autenticidad. GRM y estadísticas descriptivas indican que la escala de puntuación es inapropiada, particularmente para la subescala vivir auténtico, que es afectada por efecto techo. Las asociaciones con presencia de sentido mostraron evidencia adicional de validez. A pesar de las limitaciones, la AS es una medida adecuada para evaluar la autenticidad en diferentes grupos. Se discuten posibles modificaciones para el aprimoramiento de la AS.(AU)


This study introduces distinct types of validity and reliability evidence of the Authenticity Scale (AS) in a sample from Brazil and Portugal. It consists of an online survey with 1,077 Brazilian citizens and 622 Portuguese citizens. The study tested the model with three correlated factors (self-alienation, authentic living, and accepting external influence), the unidimensional model, and the bifactor model. The model with three correlated factors was retained, with the three subscales demonstrating moderate to good reliability. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis suggested scalar invariance across culture, gender, age, education, occupation, and Covid-related concern and impact. The items were assessed by graded response model (GRM), which suggested that the three subscales are not able to distinguish respondents with high authenticity traits. GRM and descriptive statistics indicated that the rating-scale is inappropriate, particularly for authentic living subscale, which is affected by ceiling effect. Associations with presence of meaning showed additional validity evidence. Despite the limitations, the AS is an effective measure to assess authenticity across different groups. Potential modifications for the improvement of the AS are discussed.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Autoimagen , 35111 , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Valor de la Vida , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Psicología , Psicología Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Brasil , Portugal , Análisis Factorial
4.
An. psicol ; 40(1): 163-170, Ene-Abri, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-229038

RESUMEN

Recientemente se ha incrementado significativamente el número de estudios psicométricos junto a avances estadísticos cruciales para evaluar las evidencias defiabilidad y validez de los testsy escalas de medida. Dada la importancia de proporcionar procedimientos más exactos tanto en la metodología como en la interpretación de las puntuaciones, los editores de la revista Anales de Psicología proponen esta guía para abordar los tópicos más relevantes en el campo de la psicometría aplicada. Con esta finalidad, el presente manuscrito analiza los tópicos principales de la TeoríaClásica de Tests (e.g., análisis factorial exploratorio/confirmatorio, fiabilidad, validez, sesgo, etc.) con vistas a sintetizar y clarificarlas aplicaciones prácticas, y mejorar los estándares de publicación de estos trabajos.(AU)


In recent years,there has been a significant rise in the number of psychometric studies, together with crucial statistical advances for validity and reliability measures. Given the importance of providingaccurate procedures both in methodology and score interpretationof tests and/or measurement scales, the editors-in-chie fof the journal Annals of Psychology have draftedthis guide to address the most relevant issues in the field of applied psychometry. To this end, the present manuscript analyses the main topics under the Classical Test Theory framework (e.g., exploratory/confirmatory factor analysis; reliability, bias, etc.) aimingto synthesizeand clarifythe best practical applications;and improve publication standards.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Análisis Factorial , Psicología , Psicología Social
5.
Span. j. psychol ; 27: e2, Feb. 2024. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-230532

RESUMEN

The main goal of the present research is to develop and validate the Perceived Economic Inequality Scale (PEIS), an instrument measuring individuals’ perceptions of economic inequality at the national level. The study was conducted on a representative sample of the Italian population (N = 1,446, 51% women). The factorial structure of the scale was assessed through cross-validated exploratory-confirmatory factor analyses. To inspect the PEIS psychometric properties, item and correlation analyses were performed. The results showed that the PEIS is a valid and reliable unidimensional measure of perceived economic inequality at the national level. Further support of the PEIS construct validity was provided by the correlation of the scale score with the perceived wage gap and ideological beliefs like the economic system justification, social dominance orientation, meritocratic beliefs, and participants’ political orientation. Crucially, multigroup confirmatory factor analysis supported configural, metric, and scalar invariances of the scale across socio-demographic groups. The PEIS allows researchers to assess the subjective component of economic inequality by also serving as a useful tool for unpacking the psychological correlates of perceived inequality. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Motivación , Percepción Social , Psicometría , Análisis Factorial , Percepción , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
6.
Span. j. psychol ; 27: [e3], Feb. 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-230533

RESUMEN

Few studies have examined the psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in a large adolescent community sample, finding a significant disparity. This study explores the psychometric properties of the CD-RISC among Spanish adolescents by means of exploratory factor analysis (EFA), Rasch analysis, and measurement invariance (MI) across sex, as well as internal consistency and criterion validity. The sample was comprised of 463 adolescents (231 girls), aged 12 to 18 years, who completed the CD-RISC and other measures on emotional status and quality of life. The EFA suggested that the CD-RISC structure presented a unidimensional model. Consequently, shorter unidimensional CD-RISC models observed in the literature were explored. Thus, the Campbell-Sills and Stein CD–RISC–10 showed the soundest psychometric properties, providing an adequate item fit and supporting MI and non-differential item functioning across sex. Item difficulty levels were biased toward low levels of resilience. Some items showed malfunctioning in lower response categories. With regard to reliability, categorical omega was. 82. Strong associations with health-related quality of life, major depressive disorder symptoms, and emotional symptoms were observed. A weak association was found between resilience and the male sex. Campbell-Sills and Stein’s CD–RISC–10 model emerges as the best to assess resilience among Spanish adolescents, as already reported in adults. Thus, independently of the developmental stage, the core of resilience may reside in the aspects of hardiness and persistence. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Resiliencia Psicológica , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor/psicología , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Psicometría , Pruebas Psicológicas , Análisis Factorial , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , España
7.
BMC Biol ; 22(1): 28, 2024 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317216

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The human brain can rapidly represent sets of similar stimuli by their ensemble summary statistics, like the average orientation or size. Classic models assume that ensemble statistics are computed by integrating all elements with equal weight. Challenging this view, here, we show that ensemble statistics are estimated by combining parafoveal and foveal statistics in proportion to their reliability. In a series of experiments, observers reproduced the average orientation of an ensemble of stimuli under varying levels of visual uncertainty. RESULTS: Ensemble statistics were affected by multiple spatial biases, in particular, a strong and persistent bias towards the center of the visual field. This bias, evident in the majority of subjects and in all experiments, scaled with uncertainty: the higher the uncertainty in the ensemble statistics, the larger the bias towards the element shown at the fovea. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that ensemble perception cannot be explained by simple uniform pooling. The visual system weights information anisotropically from both the parafovea and the fovea, taking the intrinsic spatial anisotropies of vision into account to compensate for visual uncertainty.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo , Visión Ocular , Humanos , Anisotropía , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Percepción
8.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 136, 2024 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317237

RESUMEN

Advancements in data acquisition and computational methods are generating a large amount of heterogeneous biomedical data from diagnostic domains such as clinical imaging, pathology, and next-generation sequencing (NGS), which help characterize individual differences in patients. However, this information needs to be available and suitable to promote and support scientific research and technological development, supporting the effective adoption of the precision medicine approach in clinical practice. Digital biobanks can catalyze this process, facilitating the sharing of curated and standardized imaging data, clinical, pathological and molecular data, crucial to enable the development of a comprehensive and personalized data-driven diagnostic approach in disease management and fostering the development of computational predictive models. This work aims to frame this perspective, first by evaluating the state of standardization of individual diagnostic domains and then by identifying challenges and proposing a possible solution towards an integrative approach that can guarantee the suitability of information that can be shared through a digital biobank. Our analysis of the state of the art shows the presence and use of reference standards in biobanks and, generally, digital repositories for each specific domain. Despite this, standardization to guarantee the integration and reproducibility of the numerical descriptors generated by each domain, e.g. radiomic, pathomic and -omic features, is still an open challenge. Based on specific use cases and scenarios, an integration model, based on the JSON format, is proposed that can help address this problem. Ultimately, this work shows how, with specific standardization and promotion efforts, the digital biobank model can become an enabling technology for the comprehensive study of diseases and the effective development of data-driven technologies at the service of precision medicine.


Asunto(s)
Bancos de Muestras Biológicas , Medicina de Precisión , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Genómica
9.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0298023, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319928

RESUMEN

This study aims to validate the Greek version of the 54-item Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (RFQ), a measure designed to assess an individual's capacity for understanding themselves and others based on internal mental states. This capacity, also known as Reflective Functioning (RF) or mentalizing, is believed to play a significant role in both typical and atypical development. The validation process examined the factor structure of the RFQ and its relationship with a variety of psychosocial and clinical constructs that have theoretical and empirical links to RF. Additionally, this research investigated the factor structure's invariance across gender and age groups to determine the robustness of the instrument. A unique contribution of this work lies in examining the application of the RFQ to attachment classifications through the use of cluster analysis. The sample consisted of 875 Greek adults from the general community with a mean age of 28.5 and a median age of 22. Participants completed the Greek RFQ along with a series of self-report questionnaires assessing psychosocial constructs, including attachment, epistemic trust, emotion regulation, and psychological mindedness, as well as clinical variables such as anxiety, depression, and borderline personality traits. Our findings suggest that a shorter, 31-item version of the questionnaire provides a robust three-factor structure across a non-clinical Greek adult population. The three identified subscales are (a) excessive certainty, (b) interest/curiosity, and (c) uncertainty/confusion, all demonstrating satisfactory reliability and construct validity. The uncertainty subscale was found to be associated with insecure attachment styles, epistemic mistrust and credulity, emotional suppression, and low psychological mindedness. In contrast, the certainty and curiosity subscales were linked to secure attachment, epistemic trust, emotion reappraisal, and psychological mindedness. Uncertainty was further shown to differ significantly across probable clinical and non-clinical groups, as distinguished by cut-off scores for anxiety, depression, and borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, the certainty and interest/curiosity subscales only varied between the two BPD groups. Our results provide the first evidence supporting the use of a 31-item version of the RFQ with three validated subscales to reliably assess reflective functioning in the Greek population, demonstrating stronger psychometric properties compared to other RFQ versions reported in previous studies. Findings suggest that impaired mentalizing capacity, as measured by the RFQ, is linked to insecure attachment, epistemic mistrust and credulity, poor emotion regulation, and low psychological mindedness, and potentially plays a role in adult mental health symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Emociones , Adulto , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Autoinforme , Ansiedad/diagnóstico
10.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0298145, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319938

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: It is crucial to take into account the concerns of dental patients about their prosthodontic needs when planning the course of treatment. However, there is a dearth of research that examines these needs among adult dental patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to translate and validate the perceived prosthodontic treatment need scale (PPTN) in Arabic. METHODS: The 17-item PPTN scale was translated from English into Arabic and completed by 206 patients seeking prosthodontic treatment in a dental hospital in Saudi Arabia. Data collection was carried out in September and October 2023. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to ascertain the underlying factor structure; a unidimensional scale was hypothesised and tested using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), including several multiple model fit indices. The assessment of reliability was conducted using Cronbach's alpha. The convergent and discriminant validity of the final scale were examined. RESULTS: EFA produced an 11-item scale distributed into three factors that explain 65.43% of the total variance with eigenvalues > 1. All items showed acceptable reliability, ranging from 0.65 to 0.84. The first factor pertained to social issues, while the second item was concerning dental appearance. Lastly, the third factor included functional difficulties associated with tooth loss or dental problems. The results of the CFA demonstrate a satisfactory level of model fit, with the standardised factor loadings ranging from 0.51 to 0.89. Convergent and discriminant validity of the model factors were established. CONCLUSION: The translated questionnaire was deemed legitimate and would be useful in comprehending patients' perceived treatment requirements, hence contributing to the advancement of prosthodontic research and practical implementation.


Asunto(s)
Prostodoncia , Adulto , Humanos , Psicometría/métodos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Análisis Factorial
11.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0298291, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319955

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Jump tests have applications in fatigue monitoring, training intervention evaluations, and talent identification in cycling populations. Due to competitive cycling's inherent travel demands, linear position transducers (LPTs) are suitable for assessing jump performance in this population as they are a mobile and validated technology. Understanding the reliability and sensitivity of LPTs in assessing jump performance in cycling populations is required to support the development of sports science protocols. Using an LPT, this study aimed to determine the reliability and sensitivity of countermovement jump (CMJ) variables in road cyclists. METHODS: Ten national-level male road cyclists performed three maximal CMJ trials twice per week for two weeks, with an LPT measuring force, power, velocity, repetition rate, vertical distance, and concentric time from each trial. Using the mean and best CMJ results from three trials per testing session, the upper limit 90% confidence interval for the coefficient of variation (CV) and smallest worthwhile change (SWC) determined inter-day and -week reliability (CV ≤ 10%) and sensitivity (acceptable sensitivity = CV ≤ SWC) for CMJ variables. RESULTS: Mean power and force, velocity (mean and peak), vertical distance (VD), and concentric time had acceptable inter-day and -week reliability when using either the mean or best CMJ results (CV upper limit 90% confidence interval range = 3.54-10.13%). Moreover, the CV and SWC were typically lower when based on the mean rather than the best of three CMJ trials. Lastly, poor sensitivity (CV > SWC) was evident for all CMJ variables. CONCLUSIONS: CMJ-derived mean power and force, velocity (peak and mean), VD, and concentric time have acceptable inter-day and -week reliability when assessed via an LPT in national-level road cyclists. When using an LPT, sports scientists should consider that, while they typically have poor sensitivity, the reliability of CMJ-derived variables improves when expressed as the mean of three trials in national-level road cyclists.


Asunto(s)
Fuerza Muscular , Deportes , Masculino , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Prueba de Esfuerzo/métodos , Fatiga Muscular
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3049, 2024 02 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321085

RESUMEN

Most established clinical walking tests assess specific aspects of movement function (velocity, endurance, etc.) but are generally unable to determine specific biomechanical or neurological deficits that limit an individual's ability to walk. Recently, inertial measurement units (IMU) have been used to collect objective kinematic data for gait analysis and could be a valuable extension for clinical assessments (e.g., functional walking measures). This study assesses the reliability of an IMU-based overground gait analysis during the 2-min walk test (2mWT) in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Furthermore, the study elaborates on the capability of IMUs to distinguish between different gait characteristics in individuals with SCI. Twenty-six individuals (aged 22-79) with acute or chronic SCI (AIS: C and D) completed the 2mWT with IMUs attached above each ankle on 2 test days, separated by 1 to 7 days. The IMU-based gait analysis showed good to excellent test-retest reliability (ICC: 0.77-0.99) for all gait parameters. Gait profiles remained stable between two measurements. Sensor-based gait profiling was able to reveal patient-specific gait impairments even in individuals with the same walking performance in the 2mWT. IMUs are a valuable add-on to clinical gait assessments and deliver reliable information on detailed gait pathologies in individuals with SCI.Trial registration: NCT04555759.


Asunto(s)
Marcha , Traumatismos de la Médula Espinal , Humanos , Prueba de Paso , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Caminata
13.
BMC Med Imaging ; 24(1): 35, 2024 Feb 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321400

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sagittal and coronal standing radiographs have been the standard imaging for assessing spinal alignment. However, their disadvantages include distortion at the image edges and low interobserver reliability in some parameters. EOS® is a low-dose biplanar digital radiographic imaging system that can avoid distortion by obtaining high-definition images. METHODS: This study aimed to evaluate spinopelvic parameters in conventional lateral C1S1 upright radiographs and EOS® images and compare them. Patients with non-deformity changes were subjected to routine clinical examinations. Plain AP and lateral X-ray radiographs were obtained along the entire spine length. Patients were also referred for full-length EOS® of the spine. Thoracic Kyphosis (TK), Lumbar Lordosis (LL), Pelvic Tilt (PT), Sacral Slope (SS), Pelvic Incidence (PI), and Sagittal Vertical Axis (SVA) were measured in the two studies by an orthopedic surgeon and a radiologist using PACS software. Also, the orthopedic surgeon evaluated the studies again after two weeks. Intra- and inter-observer reliability was then assessed using the interclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Also, the coefficient of variation was used to assess intra- and inter-observer reliability. Bland-Altman plots were drawn for each parameter. RESULTS: The mean age was 48.2 ± 6.6 years. Among the 50 patients, 30 (60%) were female. The mean ICC for TK, LL, PT, SS, PI, and SVA in EOS® images are 0.95, 0.95, 0.92, 0.90, 0.94, and 0.98, respectively, and in C1S1 radiography images, it was 0.92, 0.87, 0.94, 0.88, 0.93, and 0.98, respectively which shows good to excellent results. The coefficient of variation for intraobserver reliability was relatively low (< 18.6%), while it showed higher percentages in evaluating interobserver reliability (< 54.5%). Also, the Bland-Altman plot showed good agreement for each parameter. CONCLUSION: Spinopelvic parameters, e.g., TK, LL, SS, PI, and SS, in EOS® are reliable and comparable to those in conventional lateral upright C1S1 radiographs.


Asunto(s)
Cifosis , Columna Vertebral , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Cifosis/diagnóstico por imagen , Radiografía , Posición de Pie , Vértebras Lumbares/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos
14.
Biomed Instrum Technol ; 58(1): 18-24, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324284

RESUMEN

Trends toward the use of irradiator parameter release (also called machine-based release) put pressure on equipment manufacturers to guarantee accuracy and reliability of monitored process parameters. In the specific case of X-ray processing, relevance of these monitored parameters is questionable due to the additional difficulty coming from the fact that the X-ray converter does not have associated parameters or a monitored feedback mechanism. To bridge this gap, this article presents a novel method to verify in real-time consistency of certain X-ray field properties. It covers the description of an X-ray flux monitor and its experimental characterization. The proposed detector can be used as a control and monitoring tool in addition to the conventional "passive" dosimetry per ISO 11137-1 and ISO 11137-3. It can detect photon flux deviation on the order of magnitude of 1%. Its performance would allow real-time monitoring of each pallet being processed and ensure that the correct X-ray beam is directed to the product. Further, the known response of the detector to a product can serve as a validation that the correct product is in front of the beam. Moreover, a detector of this type could contribute to moving from the current dosimetric release to irradiator parameter release. Compared with current practices, benefits would include an increased number of control points used to verify process conformity, real-time information on the radiation field (process output validation), limited manual handling of dosimeters, and verification that the product treated is the same as the performance qualification dose-mapped product.


Asunto(s)
Esterilización , Rayos X , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
15.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 82(2): 1-6, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325388

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: StepWatch Activity Monitor (SAM) is used to measure the mobility of chronic hemiparetic patients and the Life Space Assessment (LSA) scale was developed to assess the displacement of hemiparetic patients in different contexts through self-reporting. Studies that apply the LSA remotely and correlate it with the number of steps measured by the SAM were not found. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the measurement properties of the LSA applied remotely and to evaluate the correlation between the LSA scale score and the number of steps measured by the SAM in post-stroke chronic hemiparetic patients. METHODS: Nineteen patients participated in the study. The LSA scale was applied remotely and later, face to face. The SAM measured the steps taken by the participants over a period of three consecutive days. The correlation between the LSA and the SAM was performed using Pearson's correlation. The measurement properties calculated of remote LSA were the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), Cronbrach's alpha, standard error of measurement (SEM), and smallest real difference (SRD). RESULTS: The reproducibility of the LSA scale between remote and face-to-face applications was considered excellent with ICC = 0.85 (IC 95% 0.62-0.94); SEM = 8.4; SRD = 23.2, and Cronbach's alpha = 0.85. The correlation between SAM and LSA was positive, considered moderate (r = 0.51) and significant (p = 0.025). CONCLUSION: The LSA is a reproducible measure for post-stroke chronic hemiparetic patients even if applied remotely and can be used as a remote measurement for mobility in a real-world environment for people with chronic hemiparesis after stroke.


ANTECEDENTES: O StepWatch Activity Monitor (SAM) é utilizado para medir a mobilidade de pacientes hemiparéticos crônicos e a escala Life Space Assessment (LSA) avalia o deslocamento de pacientes hemiparéticos em diferentes contextos por meio de autorrelato. Não foram encontrados estudos que tenham aplicado a LSA remotamente nem que a correlacionam com o número de passos mensurados pelo SAM. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as propriedades de medida da LSA aplicada remotamente e avaliar a correlação entre o escore da escala LSA e o número de passos mensurados pelo SAM em pacientes com hemiparesia crônica pós-AVC. MéTODOS: Dezenove participantes responderam a LSA remotamente e, posteriormente, presencialmente. O SAM mediu os passos dados pelos participantes durante um período de três dias consecutivos. A correlação entre a LSA e o SAM foi realizada por meio da correlação de Pearson. As propriedades de medida calculadas da LSA aplicada remotamente foram o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (ICC), alfa de Cronbrach, erro do padrão de medida (SEM) e menor diferença real (SRD). RESULTADOS: A reprodutibilidade da escala LSA entre as aplicações remotas e presenciais foi considerada excelente com ICC = 0,85 (IC 95% 0,62-0,94); SEM = 8,4; SRD = 23,2 e alfa de Cronbrach = 0,85. A correlação entre SAM e a LSA foi positiva, considerada moderada (r = 0,51) e significativa (p= 0,025). CONCLUSãO: A LSA é uma medida reprodutível para pacientes hemiparéticos crônicos pós-AVC mesmo se aplicada remotamente e pode ser usada como uma medida remota de mobilidade em ambiente real para pessoas com hemiparesia crônica após AVC.


Asunto(s)
Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Accidente Cerebrovascular/complicaciones
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 124, 2024 Feb 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326786

RESUMEN

The PRIME-NP (Professional-Reporter-Interpreter-Manager-Educator/Evaluation-Nurse Practitioner) Model is adapted from the RIME (Reporter-Interpreter-Manager-Educator) model used in medical education to guide medical student and resident education. The Delphi technique was used to validate the PRIME-NP Model. After two rounds of review by a group of experts in NP curriculum, the model was determined to be valid based on expert consensus. Agreement percent increase from the first round to the second round in all categories. Interrater reliability (IRR) was assessed using interclass correlation after instrument validation was completed for each of the five levels of the PRIME-NP model. Overall, the IRR of the instrument was found to be acceptable with some notable exceptions. No variance was noted in professional behaviors at any level. Variance was increased in management and educator/evaluator behaviors in higher/later course levels. The PRIME-NP Model and PRIME-NP OSCE Rubric is a valid and reliable instrument to assess NP student progression in objective structured clinical examinations. This instrument has the potential for adaptation for use in other types of health sciences education and settings.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeras Practicantes , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Competencia Clínica , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Curriculum , Enfermeras Practicantes/educación
17.
Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging ; 6(1): e220229, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329404

RESUMEN

Purpose To investigate the feasibility and interscan variability of short-time cardiac MRI protocol after chemotherapy in individuals with breast cancer. Materials and Methods A total of 13 healthy female controls (mean age, 52.4 years ± 13.2 [SD]) and 85 female participants with breast cancer (mean age, 51.8 years ± 9.9) undergoing chemotherapy prospectively underwent routine breast MRI and short-time cardiac MRI using a 3-T scanner with peripheral pulse gating in the prone position. Interscan, intercoil, and interobserver reproducibility and variability of native T1 and extracellular volume (ECV), as well as ventricular functional parameters, were measured using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM), or coefficient of variation (CoV). Results Left ventricular functional parameters had excellent interscan reproducibility (ICC ≥ 0.80). Left ventricular ejection fraction showed low interscan variability in control and chemotherapy participants (SEM, 2.0 and 1.2; CoV, 3.1 and 1.9, respectively). Native T1 showed excellent interscan (ICC, 0.75) and intercoil (ICC, 0.81) reproducibility in the control group and good interscan reproducibility (ICC, 0.72 and 0.73, respectively) in the participants undergoing immediate and remote chemotherapy. Interscan reproducibility for ECV was excellent in the control group and in the remote chemotherapy group (ICC, 0.93 and 0.88, respectively) and fair in the immediate chemotherapy group (ICC, 0.52). In the regional analysis, interscan repeatability and variability of native T1 and ECV were superior in the anteroseptum or inferoseptum than in other segments in the immediate chemotherapy group. Native T1 and ECV had good to excellent interobserver agreement across all groups. Conclusion Short-time cardiac MRI showed excellent results for interscan, intercoil, and interobserver reproducibility and variability for ventricular functional or tissue characterization parameters, suggesting that this modality is feasible for routine surveillance of cardiotoxicity evaluation in individuals with breast cancer. Keywords: Cardiac MRI, Heart, Cardiomyopathy ClinicalTrials.gov registration no. NCT03301389 Supplemental material is available for this article. © RSNA, 2024.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias de la Mama/diagnóstico por imagen , Cardiotoxicidad/diagnóstico por imagen , Estudios de Factibilidad , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Volumen Sistólico , Función Ventricular Izquierda , Adulto , Anciano
18.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(3): 237, 2024 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316645

RESUMEN

The assessment of land's agricultural potential, through a land capability evaluation, delves into its innate limitations, crop suitability, and responses to soil management. In regions where agriculture reigns supreme, socio-economic development is inexorably linked to the agricultural sector, making the optimal utilization of land resources an imperative pursuit. The pursuit of this objective is underpinned by the selection of new agricultural areas and the determination of which crops thrive in specific locations, for which the multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) method emerges as an ideal choice. This comprehensive research endeavour revolves around the intricate interplay of climatic, edaphic, fertility, topographical, and socioeconomic determinants. Within this intricate web, a total of 15 determinants play a pivotal role, including precipitation, potential evapotranspiration (PET), soil texture, drainage, soil organic-carbon, nitrogen content, pH, clay content, river proximity, land use/land cover (LULC), slope, temperature, social suitability, irrigation density, and elevation. To weigh these determinants, the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) comes into play, ultimately revealing that the dominant influences on land capability stem from the realms of climate and soil. The watershed's terrain analysis revealed a distinct suitability contrast: 168 km2 highly suitable, 181.3 km2 moderate, and 429 km2 low. The eastern and northeastern sectors were notably promising. Rigorous validation, using the ROC curve, confirmed the reliability and precision. The process yielded an impressive 83.2% AUC, unequivocally confirming the assessment's remarkable accuracy and dependability.


Asunto(s)
Agricultura , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Suelo , Arcilla
19.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 27(1): 117-123, 2024 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317044

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Perinatal asphyxia contributes significantly to neonatal morbidity and mortality. It occurs worldwide, and the Apgar score is the most widely used method of diagnosis. Recently, umbilical cord arterial pH has been reported as the most objective way to assess fetal acidosis at birth as it predicts the adverse outcome of perinatal asphyxia. It is imperative to establish the concordance between these two diagnostic methods to reinforce the practicality of the Apgar score as the preferred diagnostic tool for perinatal asphyxia in developing nations, such as Nigeria. AIM: To determine the prevalence of perinatal asphyxia by using the Apgar score and arterial cord blood pH and the relationships between these methods at the Federal Medical Center (FMC), Umuahia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 245-term newborns. Perinatal asphyxia was diagnosed using both Apgar scoring and arterial cord blood pH measurements. Data obtained were analyzed using SPSS version 20 and a P value < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Perinatal asphyxia was reported in 33.1% and 31.4% by using the Apgar score and arterial cord blood pH, respectively. There was a moderate agreement between the two methods for diagnosing perinatal asphyxia (κ = 0.44), and no statistically significant difference was observed in the prevalence of perinatal asphyxia between these methods (McNemar's χ2 = 0.27, P = 0.699). Furthermore, a strong positive correlation was observed between the Apgar score at 1 and 5 minutes of life and arterial cord blood pH (rs = 0.87, P ≤ 0.001 and rs = 0.80, P ≤ 0.001 respectively). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of perinatal asphyxia by the two methods was high, and there was no significant difference between both methods of assessing perinatal asphyxia. Thus, the diagnosis of perinatal asphyxia can effectively be made using either the Apgar score or arterial cord blood pH, affirming the practicality and reliability of the Apgar score in resource-limited healthcare settings.


Asunto(s)
Asfixia Neonatal , Asfixia , Embarazo , Femenino , Recién Nacido , Humanos , Prevalencia , Puntaje de Apgar , Sangre Fetal , Estudios Transversales , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Asfixia Neonatal/diagnóstico , Asfixia Neonatal/epidemiología , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno
20.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 48, 2024 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317167

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a diagnostic method for the assessment of the lower respiratory airway health status in horses. Differential cell count and sometimes also total nucleated cell count (TNCC) are routinely measured by time-consuming manual methods, while faster automated methods exist. The aims of this study were to compare: 1) the Sysmex XN-V body fluid (BF) mode with the manual techniques for TNCC and two-part differential into mononuclear and polymorphonuclear cells; 2) the Olympus VS200 slide scanner and software generated deep-learning-based algorithm with manual techniques for four-part differential cell count into alveolar macrophages, lymphocytes, neutrophils, and mast cells. The methods were compared in 69 clinical BAL samples. RESULTS: Incorrect gating by the Sysmex BF mode was observed on many scattergrams, therefore all samples were reanalyzed with manually set gates. For the TNCC, a proportional and systematic bias with a correlation of r = 0.79 was seen when comparing the Sysmex BF mode with manual methods. For the two-part differential count, a mild constant and proportional bias and a very small mean difference with moderate limits of agreement with a correlation of r = 0.84 and 0.83 were seen when comparing the Sysmex BF mode with manual methods. The Sysmex BF mode classified significantly more samples as abnormal based on the TNCC and the two-part differential compared to the manual method. When comparing the Olympus VS200 deep-learning-based algorithm with manual methods for the four-part differential cell count, a very small bias in the regression analysis and a very small mean difference in the difference plot, as well as a correlation of r = 0.85 to 0.92 were observed for all four cell categories. The Olympus VS200 deep-learning-based algorithm also showed better precision than manual methods for the four-part differential cell count, especially with an increasing number of analyzed cells. CONCLUSIONS: The Sysmex XN-V BF mode can be used for TNCC and two-part differential count measurements after reanalyzing the samples with manually set gates. The Olympus VS200 deep-learning-based algorithm correlates well with the manual methods, while showing better precision and can be used for a four-part differential cell count.


Asunto(s)
Líquidos Corporales , Aprendizaje Profundo , Animales , Caballos , Recuento de Células/veterinaria , Linfocitos , Algoritmos , Recuento de Leucocitos/veterinaria , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...