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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245585, 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339413

RESUMEN

Abstract Many soil microorganisms' i.e., bacteria and fungi produce secondary metabolites called antibiotics. These are used for the treatment of some of the bacterial, fungal and protozoal diseases of humans. There is a need for isolation of a broad spectrum of antibiotics from microorganisms due to the emergence of antibiotic resistance. In the present study two antibiotic producing bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae and Bacillus cereus were isolated from pharmaceutical and poultry feed industry of Hattar, Haripur Pakistan. Total 10 waste samples were collected from different industries (Marble, Ghee, Soap, Mineral, Steel, Poultry Feed, Pharmaceutical, Qarshi, Cosmetic and Glass). Thirty-three bacterial strains were isolated from industrial wastes of these ten different industries. Fourteen out of thirty-three bacterial strains exhibited antimicrobial activities against at least one of the test microbes considered in this study including Escherchia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi. The bacteria were isolated by standard serial dilution spread plate technique. Morphological characterization of the isolates was done by Gram staining. Nine bacterial isolates out of fourteen were initially identified as B. cereus and five as K. pneumoniae through biochemical characterization. The antibacterial activities were tested by well diffusion method. Maximum number of antibiotic producing bacteria were isolated from pharmaceutical and poultry feed industry based on the results of primary screening, the most potential isolates S9, S19, S20, S22 and S23 were selected for secondary screening. The maximum activity against E. coli and S. aureus was recorded by bacterial isolate S19 i.e zones of inhibition of 6.5mm and 9mm while S20 showed 7.5mm and 6mm zones respectively. Molecular identification was carried out on the basis of 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Finally, the isolates were identified as B. cereus accession number LC538271and K. pneumoniae accession number MT078679. Analysis of bacterial extract S20 through GC-MS indicated the presence of 8 compounds of diverse nature and structure. Present study suggests that wastes of pharmaceutical and poultry feed industry may have antibiotic producing bacteria. These bacteria could be utilized for the production of antibiotics. B. cereus and K. pneumoniae isolated from wastes of poultry feed and pharmaceutical industries have the potential to produce antibiotics and could be used to control the microbial growth.


Resumo Muitos microrganismos do solo, ou seja, bactérias e fungos produzem metabólitos secundários chamados antibióticos. Eles são usados ​​para tratamento de algumas doenças bacterianas, fúngicas e protozoárias em humanos. Há necessidade de isolamento de um amplo espectro de antibióticos de microrganismos devido ao surgimento de resistência aos antibióticos. No presente estudo, duas bactérias produtoras de antibióticos, Klebsiella pneumoniae e Bacillus cereus, foram isoladas da indústria farmacêutica e de ração avícola de Hattar, Haripur, Paquistão. Um total de 10 amostras de resíduos foi coletado de diferentes indústrias (mármore, ghee, sabão, mineral, aço, ração para aves, farmacêutica, Qarshi, cosmética e vidro). Trinta e três cepas bacterianas foram isoladas de resíduos industriais dessas dez diferentes indústrias. Quatorze das 33 cepas bacterianas exibiram atividades antimicrobianas contra pelo menos um dos micróbios de teste considerados neste estudo, incluindo Escherchia coli, Staphylococcus aureus e Salmonella typhi. As bactérias foram isoladas pela técnica de placa de diluição em série padrão. A caracterização morfológica dos isolados foi feita por coloração de gram. Nove isolados bacterianos de 14 foram inicialmente identificados como B. cereus e cinco como K. pneumoniae por meio de caracterização bioquímica. As atividades antibacterianas foram testadas pelo método de difusão em poço. O número máximo de bactérias produtoras de antibióticos foi isolado da indústria farmacêutica e de ração avícola com base nos resultados da triagem primária, os isolados mais potenciais S9, S19, S20, S22 e S23 foram selecionados para a triagem secundária. A atividade máxima contra E. coli e S. aureus foi registrada pelo isolado bacteriano S19, ou seja, zonas de inibição de 6,5 mm e 9 mm, enquanto S20 mostrou zonas de 7,5 mm e 6 mm, respectivamente. A identificação molecular foi realizada com base na análise da sequência 16S rRNA. Finalmente, os isolados foram identificados como B. cereus número de acesso LC538271 e K. pneumoniae número de acesso MT078679. A análise do extrato bacteriano S20 por meio de GC-MS indicou a presença de oito compostos de natureza e estrutura diversas. O presente estudo sugere que resíduos da indústria farmacêutica e de ração para aves podem conter bactérias produtoras de antibióticos. Essas bactérias podem ser utilizadas para a produção de antibióticos B. cereus e K. pneumoniae isolados de resíduos de rações de aves e indústrias farmacêuticas têm potencial para produzir antibióticos e podem ser usados ​​para controlar o crescimento microbiano.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus , Residuos Industriales , ARN Ribosómico 16S , Extractos Vegetales , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Escherichia coli , Cromatografía de Gases y Espectrometría de Masas , Antibacterianos/farmacología
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242536, 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339356

RESUMEN

Abstract Chromium (VI) a highly toxic metal, a major constituent of industrial waste. It is continuously release in soil and water, causes environmental and health related issues, which is increasing public concern in developing countries like Pakistan. The basic aim of this study was isolation and screening of chromium resistant bacteria from industrial waste collected from Korangi and Lyari, Karachi (24˚52ʹ46.0ʺN 66˚59ʹ25.7ʺE and 24˚48ʹ37.5ʺN 67˚06ʹ52.6ʺE). Among total of 53 isolated strains, seven bacterial strains were selected through selective enrichment and identified on the basis of morphological and biochemical characteristics. These strains were designated as S11, S13, S17, S18, S30, S35 and S48, resistance was determined against varying concentrations of chromium (100-1500 mg/l). Two bacterial strains S35 and S48 showed maximum resistance to chromium (1600 mg/l). Bacterial strains S35 and S48 were identified through 16S rRNA sequence and showed 99% similarity to Bacillus paranthracis and Bacillus paramycoides. Furthermore, growth condition including temperature and pH were optimized for both bacterial strains, showed maximum growth at temperature 30ºC and at optimum pH 7.5 and 6.5 respectively. It is concluded that indigenous bacterial strains isolated from metal contaminated industrial effluent use their innate ability to transform toxic heavy metals to less or nontoxic form and can offer an effective tool for monitoring heavy metal contamination in the environment.


Resumo O cromo (VI), metal altamente tóxico, é um dos principais constituintes dos resíduos industriais. É liberado no solo e na água, causa problemas ambientais e de saúde de crescente preocupação pública em países em desenvolvimento como o Paquistão. O objetivo básico deste estudo foi o isolamento e a triagem de bactérias resistentes ao cromo de resíduos industriais coletados em Korangi e Lyari, Karachi (24˚52'46,0"N 66˚59'25,7"E e 24˚48'37,5"N 67˚06'52,6"E). Do total de 53 cepas isoladas, sete cepas bacterianas foram selecionadas por enriquecimento seletivo e identificadas com base em características morfológicas e bioquímicas. Essas cepas foram designadas como S11, S13, S17, S18, S30, S35 e S48, apresentaram alta resistência aos metais contra concentrações variáveis (100-1500 mg / l) de cromo. Já as cepas S35 e S48 foram identificadas por meio da sequência 16S rRNA e apresentaram 99% de similaridade com Bacillus paranthracis e Bacillus paramycoides. Além disso, as condições de crescimento incluindo temperatura e pH foram otimizadas e ambas as cepas bacterianas apresentaram crescimento máximo na temperatura de 30 ºC, enquanto seu pH ótimo foi observado em 7,5 e 6,5, respectivamente. Conclui-se que o potencial de resistência dessas bactérias resistentes ao cromo pode ser efetivamente utilizado na remoção de cromo de efluentes industriais contaminados. Técnicas de base biológica usando bactérias ajudarão a fornecer métodos mais baratos e ecológicos de remoção, recuperação e desintoxicação de cromo.


Asunto(s)
Cromo , Metales Pesados , Bacillus , Bacterias/genética , Biodegradación Ambiental , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Residuos Industriales/análisis
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246389, 2023. graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285638

RESUMEN

Abstract Poultry industry is expanding rapidly and producing million tons of feather waste annually. Massive production of keratinaceous byproducts in the form of industrial wastes throughout the world necessitates its justified utilization. Chemical treatment of keratin waste is proclaimed as an eco-destructive approach by various researchers since it generates secondary pollutants. Keratinase released by a variety of microbes (bacteria and fungi) can be used for the effective treatment of keratin waste. Microbial degradation of keratin waste is an emerging and eco-friendly approach and offers dual benefits, i.e., treatment of recalcitrant pollutant (keratin) and procurement of a commercially important enzyme (keratinase). This study involves the isolation, characterization, and potential utility of fungal species for the degradation of chicken-feather waste through submerged and solid-state fermentation. The isolated fungus was identified and characterized as Aspergillus (A.) flavus. In a trial of 30 days, it was appeared that 74 and 8% feather weight was reduced through sub-merged and solid-state fermentation, respectively by A. flavus. The pH of the growth media in submerged fermentation was changed from 4.8 to 8.35. The exploited application of keratinolytic microbes is, therefore, recommended for the treatment of keratinaceous wastes to achieve dual benefits of remediation.


Resumo A indústria avícola está se expandindo rapidamente e produzindo milhões de toneladas de resíduos de penas anualmente. A produção massiva de subprodutos queratinosos na forma de resíduos agrícolas e industriais em todo o mundo exige sua utilização justificada. O tratamento químico de resíduos de queratina é proclamado como uma abordagem ecodestrutiva por vários pesquisadores, uma vez que gera poluentes secundários. A queratinase liberada por uma variedade de micróbios (bactérias e fungos) pode ser usada para o tratamento eficaz de resíduos de queratina. A degradação microbiana de resíduos de queratina é uma abordagem emergente e ecológica e oferece benefícios duplos, ou seja, tratamento de poluente recalcitrante (queratina) e obtenção de uma enzima comercialmente importante (queratinase). Este estudo envolve o isolamento, caracterização e utilidade potencial de espécies de fungos para a degradação de resíduos de penas de frango por meio da fermentação submersa e em estado sólido. O fungo isolado foi identificado e caracterizado como Aspergillus (A.) flavus. Em um ensaio de 30 dias, constatou-se que 74% e 8% do peso das penas foram reduzidos por A. flavus, respectivamente, por meio da fermentação submersa e em estado sólido. O pH do meio de crescimento em fermentação submersa foi alterado de 4,8 para 8,35. A aplicação explorada de micróbios queratinolíticos é, portanto, recomendada para o tratamento de resíduos ceratinosos para obter benefícios duplos de remediação.


Asunto(s)
Animales , Pollos , Plumas , Fermentación , Hongos , Residuos Industriales , Queratinas/metabolismo
4.
Chemosphere ; 310: 136668, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209869

RESUMEN

The constant need for sacrificial electrodes is one of the limitations of applying the EC in wastewater treatment. Accordingly, this study proposes a sustainable alternative in reusing scrap metallic wastes as electrode materials. Four different types of metallic wastes (beverage cans, used aluminum (Al) foil, scrap iron, and scrap mild steel) are proposed as sacrificial electrodes for grey water (GW) treatment using the EC technique. At electrical current densities (CD) ranging between 5 and 20 mA/cm2, the treatment performance was evaluated for a reaction time of 10 min in terms of the removal efficiency of some key parameters such as color, turbidity, chemical oxygen demand (COD), and electrical conductivity, energy and material consumption, and metal contamination of GW from electrodes. The results demonstrated that using metallic wastes as sacrificial electrodes can achieve a considerable reduction in color, turbidity, COD, and electric conductivity of about 97.2%, 99%, 88%, and 89%, respectively. However, their reuse as electrodes revealed some important concerns. Al foil undergoes quick and substantial perforation and loss of surface area during electrolysis. The scrap iron and scrap mild steel were found to cause metal contamination by increasing Fe ions in the treated GW. Generally, metal scrap wastes can serve effectively as alternative sustainable electrodes. However, further research is recommended regarding the operating costs, which are considered crucial aspects of the EC process in terms of energy consumption and the most efficient method of fabricating the metallic wastes into a form suitable for reuse in the EC technique.


Asunto(s)
Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Aguas Residuales , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos/métodos , Residuos Industriales/análisis , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Electrodos , Electrocoagulación , Aluminio , Hierro , Acero , Metales
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 2): 159464, 2023 Jan 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36257438

RESUMEN

This study examines the feasibility of treatment of textile industry wastewater using a two-step process that includes coagulation-flocculation aided sedimentation and adsorption. It also aims at finding reuse potential of the generated sludge while making the treated water recyclable for the same industry in an industrial ecology concept. The wastewater was collected from a small-scale textile plant with a discharge of 400 L/week, where more than 70 similar textile plants are located in and around the area. FeCl3 was selected as the coagulant for the initial step in the treatment process, and a bimetallic oxide Graphene Oxide (GO) hybrid was selected as the adsorbent for the latter step of the treatment process. The experimental conditions for the coagulation process included the optimization of dose, stirring speed, stirring time, and settling time. For the adsorption process it included the optimization of stirring time, dose, and rate. The parameters like Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and color were checked during the treatment process and near complete removal of COD and color were achieved using the suggested materials and process. The treated water was found fit for recycling - towards making zero liquid discharge plant. Later, the sludge generated from both the steps in the processes was sundried and mixed with cement and tested for 7 days and 28 days of compressive strength. A total of 26 kg of cement was replaced, by using sludge generated from treating 100 L of textile wastewater, in the sludge-cement mix. In addition to solving the sludge problem, the process can help in reducing the requirement of cement in concrete. Finally, a detailed economic assessment for the entire study was also performed and is reported.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Purificación del Agua , Industria Textil , Aguas Residuales , Floculación , Adsorción , Aguas del Alcantarillado , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Agua , Residuos Industriales
6.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116461, 2023 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36242976

RESUMEN

Barium slag (BS) is generated as a by-product waste during the production of barium salts from barite. A large amount of BS is discharged annually threating the ecological environment and restricting the development of the barium salts industry. In China, BS is classified as hazardous waste due to its corrosivity, and more importantly because of its extraction toxicity of barium. Soluble barium is toxic and can result in barium poisoning for environment and human beings. The current review presents a detailed summary on general characteristics, discharge and disposal status, harmless treatment pathways and comprehensive utilization of BS in China. BaO, SiO2, CaO, and SO3 occur as main chemical compositions in BS, especially BaO accounting approximately for 35-40%. The mineral compositions include unreacted barite, quartz, clay minerals, newly-formed phases from the side reactions such as BaCO3, BaSiO3 and BaSO3, and residual carbon. A special attention is given to the assessment of the harmless treatment methods for BS from hazardous waste to general waste, which will decrease its management costs. Precipitation and solidification of soluble barium is the common pathway for harmless treatment of BS, and the using of other industrial waste can realize cost-saving. Methods for comprehensive utilization of BS include recovery of barium and carbon, application in building materials, and using as adsorbents for wastewater treatment. In particular, we analyzed and discussed the advantages and disadvantages of these existing process routes, intending to promote potentials for comprehensive utilization of BS in the future.


Asunto(s)
Sulfato de Bario , Dióxido de Silicio , Humanos , Bario/análisis , Sales (Química) , Residuos Peligrosos , Residuos Industriales/análisis , Carbono
7.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116378, 2023 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270128

RESUMEN

The present study has been designed to utilize industrial and agricultural solid waste for NPK (Nitrogen-Phosphorus-Potassium) bio-organic fertilizer production and its optimized use. The collagenic material of wet blue leather (WBL) from leather industry was used as nitrogen source, after H3PO4 acid-mediated chromium removal. Chicken meat-bone meal (CMBM) and rice husk ash (RHA) are abundantly available locally, had used as P, K, and Ca sources. The presence of N, P, K, Ca in the produced bio-organic NPK fertilizer were 10.76, 11.03, 3.41, 13.64, respectively as per mixing ratio of ingredients. In this study it was effect on the chili plant (Capsicum annuum L.) growth and revealed 1.15 and 1.03 fold higher plant growth, 1.40 and 1.18 fold higher total chlorophyll content than untreated soil (control), and chemical fertilizer. The liberation of fertilizers components from their source, transport of fertilizer components in the soil, and absorption in plant roots have been studied using mathematical models indicating the optimum fertilizer use for better productivity and to reduce loss of extra fertilizer and eutrophication. The formulation showed excellent water retention capability (3.2 L/kg), which might increase soil water availability to the plants and eventually reduce water demand and labour cost. DNA intercalation study proved there is no harm to use this fertilizer.


Asunto(s)
Fertilizantes , Residuos Industriales , Fertilizantes/análisis , Residuos Industriales/análisis , Suelo/química , Nitrógeno/análisis , Agua/análisis , Fósforo/análisis
8.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt B): 116603, 2023 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323120

RESUMEN

Converting industrial wastes into value-added building products in an environmental management strategy is a challenging yet vital component of the industrial process. Steel slag (SS), an industrial waste by-product from the steel-making process, is typically disposed of in landfill which consumes land resources and pollutes the environment. This paper explores the possibility of a closed-loop system to convert steel slag into a cement material through carbonation activation, thereby significantly reducing the amount of steel slag waste sent to landfills across Canada. The production of this cementing material can occur next to the steel mill, utilizing steel slag and carbon dioxide collected on-site to fabricate carbon-negative products. To save energy and allow production to be feasible on an industrial scale, ambient pressure (AP) carbonation is developed to reduce carbon emissions while improving their performance. High pressure (HP) carbonation curing and normal hydration (NH) references were also implemented at the same time to justify the application of AP carbonation in reducing CO2 emission. The results of this study found AP carbonation-activated SS compacts have comparable CO2 uptake (about 7.5 tons CO2/100 tons slag) and mechanically compressive strength values as those subjected to HP carbonation, suggesting that AP could be used to replace HP in carbonation curing to ensure a lower energy input. Additionally, AP seemed to possess as effective carbonation as HP. The studies investigated by multiple techniques including X-ray diffractometer (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopic analysis, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) aim to identify the microstructure development of carbonated SS paste to assess carbonation results. Developed with life cycle assessment (LCA), environmental impact evaluation shows that AP presents a smaller global warming potential (GWP) value than HP. The comparable CO2 sequestration, satisfactory engineering properties, enhanced microstructure and lesser environmental impact in AP carbonation confirm the feasibility of replacing high pressure with extremely low pressure to cure concrete products. The use of AP carbonation for cement material created using steel slag reduces carbon emissions, energy usage, and natural resource consumption.


Asunto(s)
Dióxido de Carbono , Residuos Industriales , Residuos Industriales/análisis , Dióxido de Carbono/química , Acero/química , Carbonatos/química , Instalaciones de Eliminación de Residuos
9.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt B): 116550, 2023 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347188

RESUMEN

Owing to the tremendous increase of chemicals for agricultural practices, the quality of water has degraded significantly and requires inevitable attention. With this in mind, present work aims at treating Paraquat (PQ) contaminated water using Fe containing industrial waste as a catalyst via photo-Fenton treatment. Utilizing the industrially generated Fe rich waste by-products i.e., Fly ash (FA), Foundry sand (FS), Red mud (RM), and Blast sand (BS) as catalysts marks the novelty of the work since this idea of using waste for treating waste serves the dual purpose of environment remediation:first by treating wastewater and second by resolving the issue of solid waste disposal. In the present study, 25 mg/L PQ was subjected to both UV and solar radiations in the presence of FeSO4, FA, FS, RM, and BS as catalysts. The presence of Fe in the catalysts was verified using analytical techniques namely FTIR, FESEM-EDX, and their XRD was also analyzed. The system was further optimized for various parameters and results indicated maximum PQ degradation under UV radiations was attained in the order FeSO4 (73%) > BS (65%) > FS (46%) > RM (37%) > FA (14%) within 60 min which significantly increased with introduction of solar radiations to 83% for Fe salt and 76% for BS justifying the potential of using waste for treating waste. Further, to enhance the real-life utilization of industrial waste, Fe2O3/BS heterojunction (Fe-BS) was synthesized which along with leading to 88% degradation of PQ, also showed 82% COD removal indicating that the catalyst not only degrades the pollutant but also converts it into a lower toxic form. Further, the intermediates formed during the process were analyzed using LCMS.


Asunto(s)
Residuos Industriales , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Hierro , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos/métodos , Paraquat , Arena , Peróxido de Hidrógeno , Aguas Residuales , Agua , Oxidación-Reducción
10.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 156-164, 2023 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182126

RESUMEN

High phosphorus steel slag and carbonized rice husk are two common wastes characterized by high generation and low secondary use values. Through the reduction of high phosphorus steel slag by biomass, both wastes were fully utilized, thus reducing the negative impact on the environment. In this study, variables such as temperature, time, and amount of reactants were changed to determine the optimal conditions for the reaction of steel slag with carbonized rice husk at high temperatures. The actual amount of reducing agent consumed during the reduction was significantly greater than that predicted by theoretical calculations. Adding three carbon equivalent of carbonized rice husk and maintaining at 1500°C for 30 min could remove 79.25% of P2O5 in the slag. By modeling the material cycle in which high phosphorus steel slag was treated with biomass, the product could be used for crop growth. Meanwhile, the reduced iron and residual steel slag can be used to make steel again, thereby leading to a sharp reduction in fossil fuel usage and greenhouse gas emissions in this process.


Asunto(s)
Gases de Efecto Invernadero , Oryza , Carbono , Combustibles Fósiles , Residuos Industriales , Hierro , Fósforo , Sustancias Reductoras , Acero
11.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1000393, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339166

RESUMEN

Maintaining public health requires a clean environment; however, some industrial wastes can damage the water, atmosphere, and living environment seriously. To promote green development, policy makers in China have developed and implemented strict environmental regulations to limit the pollutant emissions and improve the environmental quality. Industrial producers implement research and development (R&D) activities to gain more profits in competitive markets. A comprehensive understanding of the green effects of R&D on different industrial wastes could provide important policy recommendations, especially regarding the coordination of innovative and green developments. In this study, the author empirically analyzed the influence of R&D input, including the intramural expenditure on R&D and full-time equivalent of R&D personnel, on industrial wastes, including the discharge of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonia nitrogen, emission of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter, and generation of common industrial solid and hazardous wastes, based on the data from Chinese industrial sectors for 2016-2020. The main findings of empirical analyses were robust and indicated that R&D activities significantly reduced the emissions of all three industrial waste gases and decreased the discharge of COD; however, in the case of China, the partial effects on the discharge of ammonia nitrogen and the industrial solid wastes were not statistically significant. The green effects of R&D on different industrial wastes may vary and generally depend on environmental regulations, with various limitations. The most viable policy recommendations indicate that by expanding and initiating the green effect of R&D on different industrial wastes, innovative and green developments are more likely to be achieved in a coordinated manner. Additionally, this can also support special R&D activities, with the added benefit of actively developing cleaner technology to treat pollutant emissions. Development, while maintaining a clean environment to ensure public health, could be more sustainable if innovative activities reduce the production of industrial wastes. This study analyzes the green effects of R&D on industrial waste and can serve as a viable framework for future studies on sustainable development.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Ambientales , Residuos Industriales , Residuos Industriales/análisis , Amoníaco/análisis , China , Contaminantes Ambientales/análisis , Políticas , Investigación , Nitrógeno/análisis
12.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(12): 397, 2022 Nov 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352237

RESUMEN

A bacterial strain was isolated from the waste slurry of an industrial effluent treatment plant near Patancheru, Hyderabad, India, and designated as PI-S10-B5AT. It was an obligately anaerobic, spore-forming, rod-shaped, motile bacterium that stained Gram-positive. The strain revealed high 16S rRNA gene sequence identity with Hungatella xylanolytica DSM 3808T (99.4%) followed by members of the genus Lacrimispora (98.8-93.3%). However, the average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization of genome sequence exhibited similarity in the range of 94.3-68.7% and 57.4-18.8%, respectively, with all closely related strains. A multi-gene phylogenetic analysis of strain PI-S10-B5AT was performed to investigate the taxonomic affiliation, which revealed formation of a coherent cluster with the members of the genus Lacrimispora. The DNA G + C content was 41.8 mol%. Major polar lipids were glyco- and phospholipids. The fatty acids analysis showed C16:0 to be the major fatty acid. The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7). Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and whole-genome phylogenetic analysis, strain PI-S10-B5AT is assigned as a novel species of the genus Lacrimispora, for which the name Lacrimispora defluvii is proposed. The type strain of the novel species is PI-S10-B5AT (= MTCC 12280T; = DSM 24980T) isolated from waste slurry of effluent treatment plant. The genomic analysis of type strains of C. indicum PI-S10-A1BT and H. xylanolytica DSM 3808T showed ANI and AAI values consistent with members of the genus Lacrimispora. Therefore, these strains are ascertained to the genus Lacrimispora and reclassified as Lacrimispora indica and Lacrimispora xylanolytica comb. nov.


Asunto(s)
Clostridium , Residuos Industriales , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Filogenia , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Bacterias Anaerobias/genética , Fosfolípidos/análisis , Ácidos Grasos/análisis
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360832

RESUMEN

Ferrous waste by-products from the metallurgical industry have a high potential for valorization in the context of the circular economy, and can be converted to value-added products used in environmental remediation. This research reviews the latest data available in the literature with a focus on: (i) sources from which these types of iron-based wastes originate; (ii) the types of ferrous compounds that result from different industries; (iii) the different methods (with respect to the circular economy) used to convert them into products applied in water and wastewater decontamination; (iv) the harmful effects ferrous wastes can have on the environment and human health; and (v) the future perspectives for these types of waste.


Asunto(s)
Residuos Industriales , Aguas Residuales , Humanos , Residuos Industriales/análisis , Agua , Descontaminación , Residuos/análisis
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362431

RESUMEN

Collagen-based polymers and their blends have attracted considerable interest for new materials development due to their unique combination of biocompatibility, physical and mechanical properties and durability. Leather, a modified natural biopolymer made from animal rawhide and the first synthetic collagen-based polymer known since the dawn of civilization, combines all these features. Rawhide is transformed into leather by tanning, a process in which the collagen is cross-linked with different agents to make it stronger and more durable and to prevent its decay. Research on the development of environmentally friendly procedures and sustainable materials with higher efficiency and lower costs is a rapidly growing field, and leather industry is not an exemption. Chrome-tanned and vegetable-tanned (chromium-free) shavings from the leather industry present a high content of organic matter, yet they are considered recalcitrant waste to be degraded by microbiological processes like anaerobic digestion (AD), a solid technology to treat organic waste in a circular economy framework. In this technology however, the solubilisation of organic solid substrates is a significant challenge to improving the efficiency of the process. In this context, we have investigated the process of microbial decomposition of leather wastes from the tannery industry to search for the conditions that produce optimal solubilisation of organic matter. Chrome-tanned and chromium-free leather shavings were pre-treated and anaerobically digested under different temperature ranges (thermophilic-55 °C-, intermediate-42 °C- and mesophilic-35 °C) to evaluate the effect on the solubilisation of the organic matter of the wastes. The results showed that the presence of chromium significantly inhibited the solubilization (up to 60%) in the mesophilic and intermediate ranges; this is the fastest and most efficient solubilization reached under thermophilic conditions using the chromium-free leather shaving as substrates. The most suitable temperature for the solubilization was the thermophilic regime (55 °C) for both chromium-free and chrome-tanned shavings. No significant differences were observed in the thermophilic anaerobic digestion of chromium-free shavings when a pre-treatment was applied, since the solubilisation was already high without pre-treatment. However, the pre-treatments significantly improved the solubilisation in the mesophilic and intermediate configurations; the former pre-treatment was better suited in terms of performance and cost-effectiveness compared to the thermophilic range. Thus, the solubilisation of chromium-free tannery solid wastes can be significantly improved by applying appropriate pre-treatments at lower temperature ranges; this is of utter importance when optimizing anaerobic processes of recalcitrant organic wastes, with the added benefit of substantial energy savings in the scaling up of the process in an optimised circular economy scenario.


Asunto(s)
Residuos Industriales , Curtiembre , Animales , Cromo/química , Temperatura , Anaerobiosis , Colágeno
15.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Oct 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363996

RESUMEN

Phosphorus and heavy metals are washed off and transported with stormwater runoff to nearby surface water bodies resulting in environmental and human health risks. Catch basins remain one of the primary gateways through which stormwater runoff and pollutants from urban areas are transported. Retrofitting catch basins to enhance their phosphorus and heavy metal removal can be an effective approach. In this study, aluminum-based water treatment residual (WTR, a non-hazardous byproduct of the water treatment process) was granulated via a green method to serve as a sustainable filter material, called WTR granules, for enhancing the capabilities of catch basins to remove phosphorus and heavy metals. The WTR granules were field tested in a parking lot in Hoboken, New Jersey. Twelve storm events were monitored. The results showed that the WTR granules significantly (p < 0.05) reduced dissolved P, Cu, and Zn, as well as total P, Cu, Pb, and Zn concentrations in stormwater runoff without signs of disintegration. No flooding or water ponding was observed during the implementation. Results suggest the WTR granules are an inexpensive, green filter material that can be used for retrofitting catch basins to remove phosphorus and heavy metals effectively.


Asunto(s)
Metales Pesados , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Humanos , Fósforo , Residuos Industriales , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Lluvia , Metales Pesados/análisis
16.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Nov 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364343

RESUMEN

Acrylamide is classified as a toxic and a prospective carcinogen to humans, and it is formed during thermal process via Maillard reaction. In order to find innovative ways to diminish acrylamide formation in potato chips, several extracts of agricultural wastes including potato peels, olive leaves, lemon peels and pomegranate peels extracts were examined as a soaking pre-treatment before frying step. Total phenolic, total flavonoids, antioxidant activity, and the reduction in sugar and asparagine contents were additionally performed. Proximate composition of these wastes was found to be markedly higher in fat, carbohydrate and ash contents. Lemon peels and potato peels showed almost similar phenolic content (162 ± 0.93 and 157 ± 0.88 mg GAE /g, respectively) and exhibited strong ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging activities than the other wastes. The reduction percentage of reducing sugars and asparagine after soaking treatment ranged from 28.70 to 39.57% and from 22.71 to 29.55%, respectively. HPLC results showed higher level of acrylamide formation in control sample (104.94 mg/kg) and by using the wastes extracts of lemon peels, potato peels, olive leaves, and pomegranate peels succeeded to mitigate acrylamide level by 86.11%, 69.66%, 34.03%, and 11.08%, respectively. Thus, it can be concluded that the soaking of potato slices in the tested wastes extracts as antioxidant as pre-treatment before frying reduces the formation of acrylamide and in this way, the risks connected to acrylamide consumption could be regulated and managed.


Asunto(s)
Acrilamida , Solanum tuberosum , Humanos , Acrilamida/química , Antioxidantes , Residuos Industriales , Asparagina , Culinaria/métodos , Carcinógenos , Estudios Prospectivos , Calor , Solanum tuberosum/química , Carbohidratos , Extractos Vegetales
17.
Water Sci Technol ; 86(5): 1122-1134, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358050

RESUMEN

Biological-based treatment as the conventional treatment for palm oil mill effluent (POME) in open-ponding system face a well known rate-limiting step which is hydrolysis. In this study, electrochemical oxidation (EO) by a ruthenium oxide-coated titanium (Ti/RuO2) electrode was introduced as a pre-treatment for POME waste activated sludge (WAS). Surface morphology and elemental analysis were investigated using field emission scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, respectively. Response surface methodology type central composite design was used in this study to understand the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to validate the model of the studied variables. The correlation coefficients (R2) indicated a close agreement between the experimental results and the predicted values, with high R2 values of 0.9044-0.9773. Multiple response optimization suggested that the range of current density (17-27 mA/cm2) and electrolysis time (55-75 min) at a fixed concentration of sodium chloride (10 g/L), resulted in mixed liquor volatile suspended solids (MLVSS) removal >20%, capillary suction timer (CST) reduction >43%, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) increment <19% and soluble chemical oxygen demand (sCOD) increment >25%. EO appears to be an efficient pre-treatment as well as practical way to improve the POME WAS disintegration and dewaterability.


Asunto(s)
Aguas del Alcantarillado , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Aceite de Palma , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos/métodos , Aceites Vegetales/química , Análisis de la Demanda Biológica de Oxígeno , Residuos Industriales
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(41): 46920-46931, 2022 Oct 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36198101

RESUMEN

Highly stretchable biobased and biodegradable agricultural mulch films based on polylactic acid (PLA) and 10, 20, or 30 wt % various nonedible vegetable wastes such as spinach stems (SS), tomato pomace (TP), and cocoa shells (CS) are prepared and characterized in this work. The results demonstrate that appropriate PLA plasticization and vegetable waste addition allow for obtaining films suitable for mulching with tensile strengths in the 10-24 MPa range and elongations at break up to 460%, depending on the kind and amount of vegetable waste incorporated. Additionally, the developed mulches show low water solubility (1-15 wt %) and moisture content (1-3 wt %) with a water vapor permeability of up to 3 × 10-10 g s-1 m-1 Pa-1, similar to that of Mater-Bi. In addition, the type of vegetable waste added as filler were demonstrated to significantly affect not only the films' mentioned properties but also their biodegradability. For instance, films prepared with 20 wt % SS were demonstrated to improve PLA soil biodegradability, which increased from 0 to 38 wt % for PLA composites after 6 months of a soil burial experiment. Lastly, the developed composites contain different amounts of plant micro- and macronutrients, indicating their potential as fertilizers. The results found in this work represent a sustainable, fully biobased alternative to other mulches already in the market.


Asunto(s)
Residuos Industriales , Verduras , Vapor , Fertilizantes , Poliésteres , Suelo
19.
Chemosphere ; 309(Pt 1): 136660, 2022 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191769

RESUMEN

Recovering and converting carbon and nutrients from waste streams into healthy single-cell proteins (SCPs) can be an effective strategy to address costly waste management and support the increasing animal feed demand for the global food supply. Recently, SCPs rich in polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) have been identified as an effective biocontrol healthy feed to replace conventional antibiotics-supplemented aquaculture feed. PHB, an intercellular polymer of short-chain-length (SCL) hydroxy-fatty acids, is a common type of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) that can be microbially produced from various organics, including agro-industrial wastes. The complex chemical properties of agro-industrial wastes might produce SCPs containing PHA with SCL and/or medium chain-length (MCL) hydroxy-fatty acids. However, the effects of MCL-PHA-containing SCPs on aqua species' health and disease-fighting ability remains poorly understood. This study investigated the feasibility of producing various PHA-containing SCPs from renewable agro-industrial wastes/wastewaters, the effectiveness of SCL- and MCL-PHA as biocontrol agents, and the effects of these PHA-rich SCPs on the growth and disease resistance of an aquaculture animal model, brine shrimp Artemia. Zobellella denitrificans ZD1 and Pseudomonas oleovorans were able to grow on different pure substrates and agro-industrial wastes/wastewaters to produce various SCL- and/or MCL-PHA-rich SCPs. Low doses of MCL-fatty acids (i.e., PHA intermediates) efficiently suppressed the growth of aquaculture pathogens. Moreover, MCL-PHA-rich SCPs served as great food/energy sources for Artemia and improved Artemia's ability to fight pathogens. This study offers a win-win approach to address the challenges of wastes/wastewater management and feed supply faced by the aquaculture industry.


Asunto(s)
Polihidroxialcanoatos , Polihidroxialcanoatos/química , Residuos Industriales , Aguas Residuales , Ácidos Grasos/metabolismo , Carbono , Ácidos Grasos Volátiles , Antibacterianos
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231927

RESUMEN

The recycling of construction waste is key to reducing waste generation and CO2 emissions. This study aimed to develop a quantitative model for analyzing the carbon reduction potential of recycling construction, demolition, and renovation waste (CDRW) in Jiangsu province. The waste generation rate calculation method and nonlinear autoregressive artificial neural network model were used to estimate and predict CDRW generation. The life cycle assessment was performed to calculate the carbon reduction potential of recycling CDRW. In quantifying the carbon reduction potential, not only construction and demolition waste, but also renovation waste was considered for the first time. The results showed that the total carbon reduction potential of recycling CDRW increased from 3.94 Mt CO2e in 2000 to 58.65 Mt CO2e in 2020. Steel and concrete were the main contributors. By scenario analysis, the carbon reduction potential of fully recycling CDRW in 2020 increased by 37.79 Mt CO2e, a growth rate of 64%. The study further predicts future CDRW generation and the corresponding carbon reduction potential. Our conclusions indicate that 245.45 Mt of CDRW will be generated in 2030, and carbon reduction potential may reach 82.36 Mt CO2e. These results will help the government manage construction waste better and reach early achievement of the carbon peak target.


Asunto(s)
Industria de la Construcción , Administración de Residuos , Carbono , Dióxido de Carbono , Industria de la Construcción/métodos , Materiales de Construcción , Residuos Industriales , Estadios del Ciclo de Vida , Reciclaje/métodos , Acero , Administración de Residuos/métodos
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