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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(2): 15-21, maio-ago.2020. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1102664

RESUMEN

Atualmente é constante a demanda por sorrisos harmoniosos nos procedimentos clínicos odontológicos, resultando em estímulos no desenvolvimento de técnicas minimamente invasivas, sistemas adesivos e materiais que sejam capazes de reproduzir as características naturais dos elementos dentários. Para as reabilitações estéticas, em especial nas unidades anteriores, os laminados cerâmicos apresentam destaque, em virtude das suas características físicas e ópticas. Como procedimento alternativo, as facetas pré-fabricadas em resina composta foram reintroduzidas na Odontologia Restauradora, exibindo versatilidade, facilidade e relação custo/benefício satisfatórias. Objetivo: Relatar um caso, demostrando uma das opções viáveis para solucionar problemas estéticos, como diastemas e desproporções dentárias. Relato de caso: A paciente procurou atendimento odontológico especializado relatando insatisfação com o sorriso. Durante avaliação, foram observados desarmonia nas proporções dentárias, diastemas múltiplos, restaurações deficientes em resina composta e fraturas nas bordas incisais. Diante disso, após o registro fotográfico, foi realizado a seleção do formato e cor das facetas pré-fabricadas, assim como, do agente de cimentação. A seguir, foi feito o isolamento relativo, remoção das restaurações deficientes e os ajustes das facetas ao dente. Para preparação da peça, foi realizado a limpeza e aplicação do adesivo; nos preparos dentários, após asperização da superfície, houve o condicionamento e aplicação do adesivo, a seguir procedeu-se a etapa de cimentação e, acabamento e polimento. Conclusão: O tratamento realizado conseguiu suprir as necessidades estéticas do sorriso da paciente, mostrando que as facetas préfabricadas em resina composta apresentam estética satisfatória, facilidade de instalação, baixo custo em relação as peças em cerâmica e conservação da estrutura dentária(AU)


Introduction: In present days, there is a constant demand for harmonious smiles in the dental clinical procedure, resulting in encouragement on development in minimally invasive techniques, adhesives systems and materials that can be capable to reproduce natural dental elements. For aesthetic rehabilitation in special in the anterior units, the ceramic laminates are highlighted due to their optical and physical features. As an alternative procedure, prefabricated composite resigns have been reintroduced into restorative dentistry, showing satisfactory versatility, ease and cost-effectiveness. Objective: Report a case, showing one of the viable options to solve aesthetical problems as diastemas and dental disproportions. Case Report: The patient sought specialized dental care reporting dissatisfaction with the smile. During evaluation, disharmony in tooth proportions, multiple diastemas, composite deficient resigns restorations and incisal edges fractures were observed. Therefore, after the photographic register, the shape and colour of the prefabricated facets, as well as cementing agent were selected. Hereinafter, relative isolation, removal of the deficient restorations and adjustments of tooth's veneers were then performed. For the piece preparation, cleaning and adhesive application were performed; on dental preparations, after the surface roughening, the adhesive was etched and applied followed by finishing and polishing cementation. Conclusion: The treatment was able to supply the aesthetical needs of the patient's smile, showing that prefabricated composite resigns veneers present satisfactory aesthetics, ease installation, low cost compared to ceramic pieces and conservation of the dental structure(AU)


Asunto(s)
Femenino , Adulto , Resinas Compuestas , Coronas con Frente Estético , Diastema , Sonrisa , Estética Dental
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(2): 34-39, maio-ago.2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1102682

RESUMEN

As resinas Bulk fill surgiram com o intuito de facilitar a restauração de cavidades profundas. A fotoativação adequada é extremamente importante para que a resina bulk fill ofereça propriedades mecânicas satisfatórias e, longevidade na restauração. Este estudo avaliou a influência da espessura do incremento na microdureza Knoop (KHN) de três resinas bulk fill (n = 5). Cinquenta amostras foram divididas de acordo com o material (Filtek Z250, Filtek One Bulk Fill e Filtek Bulk Fill Flow), espessura (2mm e 4 mm) e tempo de fotoativação (20 e 40s) - Z2502mm20s, Z2502mm40s, One2mm20s, One2mm40s, One4mm20s, One4mm40s, Flow2mm20s, Flow2mm40s, Flow4mm20s e Flow4mm40s. As análises KHN foram realizadas no topo e na base de cada amostra. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA a 1 critério e ao Teste de Tukey (p< 0,05). A média e desvio padrão (+/-) dos seguintes grupos foram (Z2502mm20s) 0,85 (+/- 0,01); (Z2502mm40s) 0,92 (+/- 0,01); (One2mm20s) 1,05 (+/- 0,08); (One2mm40s) 0,95 (+/- 0,04); (One4mm20s) 0,93 (+/- 0,04); (One4mm40s) 0,97 (+/ - 0,04); (Flow2mm20s) 0,92 (+/- 0,05); (Flow2mm40s) 0,89 (+/- 0,04); (Flow4mm20s) 0,79 (+/- 0,04) e (Flow4mm40s) 0,90 (+/- 0,03). Os grupos da Filtek One Bulk apresentaram um valor significativamente maior, demonstrando uma polimerização suficiente mesmo na base de incrementos com 4 mm. Concluiu-se que o aumento na espessura do incremento de resinas bulk fill não afetou negativamente a fotoativação(AU)


Bulk fill composites emerged, allowing the restoration of deep cavities easily. Appropriate lightcuring is crucial to bulk fill composite presents satisfactory mechanical properties and restoration longevity. This study evaluated the influence of thickness increment on Knoop microhardness (KHN) of three dental bulk fill composites (n=5). Fifty samples were divided according to composite (Filtek Z250, Filtek One Bulk Fill and Filtek Bulk Fill Flow), thickness (2mm and 4 mm) and time lightcuring (20 and 40 s) - Z2502mm20s, Z2502mm40s, One2mm20s, One2mm40s, One4mm20s, One4mm40s, Flow2mm20s, Flow2mm40s, Flow4mm20s e Flow4mm40s. KHN analysis were performed on the top and the base of each specimen. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (p< 0,05). The mean and standard deviation (+/-) of following groups were (Z2502mm20s) 0,85(+/-0,01); (Z2502mm40s) 0,92(+/- 0,01); (One2mm20s) 1,05(+/-0,08); (One2mm40s) 0,95(+/-0,04); (One4mm20s) 0,93 (+/-0,04); (One4mm40s) 0,97(+/-0,04); (Flow2mm20s) 0,92(+/- 0,05); (Flow2mm40s) 0,89(+/-0,04); (Flow4mm20s) 0,79(+/-0,04) e (Flow4mm40s) 0,90(+/-0,03) Filtek One Bulk groups present significantly higher value, demonstrating sufficient polymerization even on the base of 4 mm increments. It was concluded that the increase in the thickness increment of Bulk fill composites did not negatively affect the lightcure(AU)


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Pruebas de Dureza , Materiales Dentales , Polimerizacion
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(2): 52-57, maio-ago.2020. tab, ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1102702

RESUMEN

Objetivo: avaliar a adesão bacteriana do Streptococcus mutans na superfície de uma resina composta do tipo incremento único submetida a diferentes protocolos de polimento. Materiais e métodos: foram realizadas 60 amostras nas quais foram divididas aleatoriamente em 6 grupos (n=10) de diferentes tratamentos de superfície. Cinco amostras de cada grupo foram separadas e submetidas ao estudo de adesão bacteriana, das quais duas foram analisadas pela microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Foram contabilizadas as unidades formadoras de colônias UFC/ml de modo manual e realizada a média e desvio padrão de cada grupo. De acordo com os resultados analisados através do teste de One Way ANOVA e comparações múltiplas de Tukey observou-se uma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos. Resultados: os valores de UFC/ mL variaram de 0 para o grupo American Burrs a 8,64 para o grupo Dhpro. Os grupos Jota e Dhpro não diferiram estatisticamente entre si (p=0,71), porém diferiram dos demais grupos avaliados (p=0,45). Os grupos American Burrs e o controle negativo não diferiram estatisticamente entre si (p>0.999) e diferiram dos demais grupos testados (p=0,20). O grupo de controle positivo diferiu estatisticamente dos outros grupos (p=0,02) assim como o grupo KG (p=0,01). Conclusão: Diante dos resultados obtidos, pode-se concluir que, a superfície da resina Bulk Fill One submetida a diferentes protocolos de polimento e mesmo sem ter passado por nenhum tratamento de superfície é passível de adesão bacteriana seja por contagem manual ou microscopia eletrônica de varredura(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the bacterial adhesion of Streptococcus mutans on the surface of a single increment composite resin submitted to different polishing protocols. Materials and methods: 60 samples were randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 10) of different surface treatments. Five samples from each group were separated and submitted to the bacterial adhesion study, two of which were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. The UFC/ml colony forming units were accounted for manually and the mean and standard deviation of each group were performed. According to the results analyzed by the One Way ANOVA test and Tukey's multiple comparisons, a statistically significant difference was observed between the groups. Results: The values ranged from 0 for the American Burrs group to 8.64 for the Dhpro group. The Jota and Dhpro groups did not differ statistically (p = 0.71), but differed from the other groups evaluated (p = 0.45). The American Burrs and negative control groups did not differ statistically (p> 0.999) and differed from the other groups tested (p = 0.20). The positive control group differed statistically from the other groups (p = 0.02) as did the KG group (p = 0.01). Conclusion: It can be concluded that the surface of the Bulk Fill One resin submitted to different polishing protocols and even without any surface treatment is susceptible to bacterial adhesion either by manual counting or scanning electron microscopy(AU)


Asunto(s)
Streptococcus mutans , Adhesión Bacteriana , Resinas Compuestas , Resinas Sintéticas , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo
4.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 38-49, jul. 2020.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, InstitutionalDB | ID: biblio-1103059

RESUMEN

Objetivos. Evaluar y comparar la relación entre la resistencia de unión inmediata a esmalte y microfiltración de dos sistemas restauradores a base de resina compuesta. Métodos. 40 terceros molares se dividieron aleatoriamente en dos grupos: 20 molares restaurados utilizando el sistema Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT (3M ESPE; ST PAUL, MN, USA); y 20 molares restaurados con el sistema Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent; Schaan, Liechtenstein). La mitad de los dientes de cada grupo se utilizaron para un ensayo de microtracción, mientras que la otra mitad fueron utilizados para un ensayo de microfiltración (n = 10). Resultados. Las medias y el desvío padrón de la resistencia de unión a microtracción fueron de 27.93 (±9.55) para Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT MPa y 33.12 (±8.18) MPa para Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (p = 0,049). En cuanto a los valores de microfiltración, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los grupos (p = 0,478). No fue observada una correlación significativa entre la resistencia de unión a la microtracción y la microfiltración (R2 = 0.0909; p = 0.196). Conclusiones. No se encontró una relación entre los valores de resistencia de unión y el grado de microfiltración.


Objectives. To evaluate and compare the relationship between enamel bond strength and microleakage of two composite based restorative systems. Methods. 40 third molars were randomly divided into two groups: 20 molars restored with the Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT (3M ESPE; ST PAUL, MN, USA) system and 20 with the Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent; Schaan, Liechtenstein) system. "Half of the teeth" in each group were subjected to a bond strength test, while the others were subjected to the microleakage test. Results. The means and standard deviation of the bond strength resistance were 27.93 (± 9.55) MPa for Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT system and 33.12 (± 8.18) MPa for Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram system (p = 0.049). Regarding microleakage values, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups (p = 0.478). No significant correlation was observed between microtensile bond strength and microleakage (R2 = 0.0909, p = 0.196). Conclusions. No relationship was found between adhesive bond values and degree of microleakage.


Objetivos. Avaliar e comparar a relação entre a resistência de união imediata ao esmalte e a microfiltração de dois sistemas restauradores baseados em resina composta. Métodos. 40 terceiros molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: 20 molares restaurados usando o sistema Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT (3M ESPE; ST PAUL, MN, EUA); e 20 molares restaurados com o sistema Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent; Schaan, Liechtenstein). Metade dos dentes de cada grupo foi utilizada para um teste de resistência de união à microtração, enquanto a outra metade foi utilizada para um teste de microfiltração (n = 10). Resultados. As mídias e o padrão de resistência de união à microtração foram 27,93 (± 9,55) para Adper Single bond 2 + Filtek Z250 XT MPa e 33,12 (± 8,18) MPa para Tetric N Bond + Tetric N Ceram (p = 0,049). Em relação aos valores de microfiltração, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos (p = 0,478). Não houve correlação significativa observada entre a resistência de união à microtração e a microfiltração (R2 = 0,0909; p = 0,196). Conclusões. Não foi encontrada relação entre os valores de resistência de união e o grau de microfiltração.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Esmalte Dental , Filtración Dental , Microcribado
5.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 343-351, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666060

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This randomized, split-mouth clinical study evaluated the marginal quality of direct class-I and class-II restorations made of microhybrid composite that were applied using two polymerization protocols and two marginal evaluation criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients (mean age: 33 years) received 100 direct class-I or class-II restorations in premolars or molars. Three calibrated operators made the restorations. After conditioning the tooth with 2-step etch-and-rinse adhesive, restorations were made incrementally using microhybrid composite. Each layer was polymerized using a polymerization device operated either in regular mode (600-650 mW/cm2 for 20 s) (RM) or high-power (1200-1300 mW/cm2 for 10 s) mode (HPM). Two independent, calibrated operators evaluated the restorations 1 week (baseline) and 6 months after restoration placement, and thereafter annually up to 10 years using modified USPHS and SQUACE criteria. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U-test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Alpha scores (USPHS) for marginal adaptation (76% and 74% for RM and HPM, respectively) and marginal discoloration (70% and 72%, for RM and HPM, respectively) did not show significant differences between the two polymerization protocols (p > 0.05). Alpha scores (SQUACE) for marginal adaptation (78% and 74% for RM and HPM, respectively) and marginal discoloration (70% for both RM and HPM) were also not significantly different at the 10-year year follow-up (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Regular and high-power polymerization protocols had no influence on the stability of marginal quality of the microhybrid composite tested up to 10 years. Both modified USPHS and SQUACE criteria confirmed that regardless of the polymerization mode, marginal quality of the restorations deteriorated significantly compared to baseline (p < 0.05).


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Adaptación Marginal Dental , Restauración Dental Permanente , Adulto , Diente Premolar , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Polimerizacion , Estados Unidos , United States Public Health Service
7.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(3): 7-10, 2020.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608941

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the dynamics of changes in the adhesion between the composite and dentin of the tooth when using different volumes of a single-component adhesive system in case of contamination of it with human blood plasma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To achieve this goal, the following were used: extracted human teeth, XP Bond one-component adhesive systems (DENTSPLY, Germany), Esthet X HD micrometric restoration material (DENTSPLY, Germany), and centrifuged blood plasma. The strength of the adhesive bond between the composite material and the hard tissues of the tooth was studied using a shear test machine Zwick Roell Z 010 («Zwick¼, Germany). RESULTS: The use of a single-component adhesive system in an amount of 17.7 mg (1 drop from a dispenser) for treating open dentin makes it more resistant to contamination compared to using the same adhesive, but in an amount of 6.6 mg (the amount of adhesive that adsorbs a medium-sized dental take). A decrease in the adhesion force between the composite material and tooth hard tissues from 1.5 to 17.7% occurs when a single-component adhesive system weighing 17.7 mg of blood plasma simulating a dentinal fluid weighing from 0.2 to 2.0 mg enters. The ingestion of the same amount of blood plasma in a single-component adhesive system weighing 6.6 mg leads to a decrease in its adhesion from 4.3 to 43%.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Dentina , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte
8.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 32(5): 512-520, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602646

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to test the wear of dual-cured bulkfill and flowable bulkfill composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six dual-cured bulkfill composites, Cention, Cention-Exp, Activa, Fill-up, Hyperfil Injectafill, and two flowable bulkfill composites Tetric Evoflow BulkFill and G-aenial Universal Flo were tested in this study (n = 8). Each composite was applied into an aluminum sample holder and cured with a Valo Grand (1230 mW/cm2 ) or self-cured according to manufacturer's recommendations, and stored in water for 3 weeks. The samples were subjected to 120 000 load cycles of 49 N (CS-4) against spherical steatite antagonists and simultaneously subjected to 4440 thermocycles (5°C-55°C). At intervals between load cycles, polyvinyl siloxane impressions were taken and scanned with a True Definition Laser Scanner. The volumetric wear was calculated using image software (Geomagic). Microscopic images of selected wear facets and their corresponding worn antagonists were obtained using SEM. All data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post hoc test for multiple comparison (α = .05; ß = .2). RESULTS: The load cycles volumetric wear-increase was linear. Two-way ANOVA showed significant main effects (material and light-cured) and significant interactions. Self-cured materials (mean = 0.38 mm3 ) showed more wear than light-cured materials (mean = 0.35mm3 ). CONCLUSIONS: The bioactive materials except Activa light-cured showed significantly more wear than the flowable composites. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study demonstrated that most of the dual-cured composites, if light-cured, showed the same wear as the flowable composites used as control. Therefore, to obtain adequate wear resistance the dual-cured composites should be routinely light-cured.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
9.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(2): 337-341, 2020 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618457

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Low-molecular weight residuals eluting from dental materials may contribute to local and systemic adverse effects. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA)-based commercial infiltrant with different conventional resin-based materials regarding their release of monomers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cylindrical blocks (n = 10) of either two sealants (Helioseal, Delton FS+), a composite (EcuSphere), an adhesive (Teco) and an infiltrant (Icon) were prepared. Additionally, 20 artificial lesions (depths ≥100 µm) were created in bovine enamel and after etching with phosphoric acid infiltrated with the infiltrant. Except for 10 infiltrated lesions, all other specimens were polished. Each specimen was stored in 1 ml distilled water (elution medium) for 240 h. The medium was renewed in logarithmical divided time periods (4.5 min-76 h). RESULTS: Total concentrations of eluted monomers within 240 h from the cylindrical specimens were 0.04-0.09 mg/ml (p >0.05; Mann-Whitney test). Unpolished infiltrated specimens showed significantly higher monomer concentrations compared to all other groups, whereas polishing of specimens resulted in significantly lower concentrations (p <0.05; Mann-Whitney test). CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that release of monomers was low in general, but for infiltrated lesions it was considerably reduced by surface polishing reaching similar values as for commonly used monomer-containing dental materials. Thus, adverse effects by the use of an infiltrant are not expected, but polishing of the infiltrated area should be considered.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Resinas Sintéticas , Animales , Bovinos , Resinas Compuestas , Esmalte Dental , Materiales Dentales , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
10.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(2): 150-154, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626877

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine(CHX) on the self-etching adhesive to dentin. METHODS: Fifty carious free molars were selected to expose the flat dentin surface. The specimens were bonded with composite resin by self-etching adhesive ,which were pretreated by 2% CHX for 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 s. The microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and scanning electron microscope(SEM) were evaluated before and after thermocycling. SPSS 19.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: µTBS of the 45 and 60s-CHX pretreated group had significant difference before thermocycling, significantly higher than the control group(P<0.05). The 60s-CHX pretreated group showed significant greater µTBS than the control group after thermocycling(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 2%CHX pretreatment can improve the bonding strength of the self-etching adhesive, and slow down the aging progress of bonding interface.


Asunto(s)
Clorhexidina , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina , Estrés Mecánico , Resistencia a la Tracción
11.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(4): 457-464, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639706

RESUMEN

Cusp fractures occur frequently in endodontically treated teeth with large restorations and no cusp protection. These fractures often lead to challenging clinical decisions, such as whether to undertake complex restorative management or extraction of the affected teeth. This article reports the surgical and restorative management of two teeth with fractures exceeding the biologic width to juxtacrestal and subcrestal levels, respectively, and describes a new technique for such treatment.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de los Dientes , Diente no Vital , Diente Premolar , Resinas Compuestas , Restauración Dental Permanente , Humanos
12.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(5): 481-485, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32690827

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the effect of two antioxidant formulations (sodium ascorbate and α-tocopherol) on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty human premolars were endodontically treated and divided into six groups (n = 10): G1 (negative control)-unbleached and restored with composite resin; G2 (positive control)-bleached in three sessions, using hydrogen peroxide (15 H2O2) plus titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles, photoactivated by LED laser system and restored with composite resin; G3-bleaching similar to G2, after the use of 10% sodium ascorbate gel for 24 hours and restored with composite resin; G4-similar to G3, but with the use of 10% sodium ascorbate solution and restored with composite resin; G5 and G6-similar to G3, but with the use of 10% α-tocopherol in alcohol or carbopol, respectively, and was also restored. A mechanical fracture resistance test was performed and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used to evaluate the results (α = 0.05). RESULTS: No statistical difference was observed in fracture resistance between groups (p > 0.05). Regarding the antioxidant and pharmaceutical formulation applied, no statistical difference was detected in any comparison (p > 0.05). The frequency of fractures considered favorable was higher in G1 and G3 compared to the other groups. CONCLUSION: The endodontically treated teeth bleached with 15 H2O2 plus TiO2 nanoparticles and photoactivated with the LED laser did not decrease the fracture resistance and the use of sodium ascorbate or α-tocopherol did not increase the crown fracture resistance. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The literature reports a significant reduction in the bond strength of restorations on the bleached dentin. Therefore, the use of antioxidant agents may have a promising effect on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth.


Asunto(s)
Blanqueamiento de Dientes , alfa-Tocoferol , Antioxidantes , Ácido Ascórbico , Resinas Compuestas , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrógeno
13.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(5): 543-548, 2020 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32690837

RESUMEN

AIM: To assess the influence of three probiotic mouthrinses on the microhardness of three esthetic materials used for teeth restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty specimens of each material: conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC), resin-modified glass ionomer, and resin composite were randomly assigned to three groups. Surface microhardness was measured at baseline. The specimens were immersed in probiotic mouthrinses, group I: (P2 probiotic power), group II: (Probioclean), and group III (BoKU natural). Microhardness was measured after 21 and 63 minutes of immersion which is comparable with 3 and 9 weeks of mouthrinse use every day, respectively. Measurements of microhardness were completed using Micro Vickers testing machine with a 200 g load applied for a duration of 15 seconds. RESULTS: The microhardness change of the three restorative materials reveled statistically significant differences in all mouthrinse groups (p = 0.001). BoKU natural mouthrinse decreased microhardness significantly in all restorative materials (p < 0.05). However, Probioclean mouthrinse was associated with an increase in microhardness in all restorative materials. The effect of P2 probiotic power mouthrinse varied depending on time cycles and the restorative material. The mean difference in mouthrinse groups of resin composite was highest in BoKU natural at immersion time of 63 minutes. While no mean difference was seen in P2 probiotic power group at immersion time of 21 minutes which had no effect on the microhardness of resin composite. CONCLUSION: Surface microhardness was affected by immersion in probiotic mouthrinses. The BoKU natural mouthrinse had the highest reduction, while resin composite showed the least change in surface microhardness. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: There is lack of studies that investigated the effect of probiotics mouthrinses on the surface properties of restorative materials. This study showed evidence that some of the tested probiotic mouthrinses in this study decreased the microhardness of the tested tooth-colored restorative materials after immersion for 21 and 63 minutes which is equivalent to 3 and 9 weeks of everyday use.


Asunto(s)
Probióticos , Resinas Compuestas , Restauración Dental Permanente , Estética Dental , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo , Dureza , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
14.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 353-363, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666061

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of type and viscosity of composite resins used for root reinforcement in the adhesion of glass-fiber posts to flared root canals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The crowns of 78 uniradicular permanent teeth were removed and the teeth were endodontically treated. After one week, the roots were prepared for root reinforcement and randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 13): positive control group ([PCG] the root canals were not enlarged), negative control group ([NCG] root canals were enlarged, no reinforcement), and in the remaining 4 groups, root canals were enlarged to receive root reinforcement according to a combination of the factors composite resin type (bulk-fill or conventional) and viscosity (flowable or regular). After fiber post cementation, six slices were obtained from each root (2 each from the cervical, middle, and apical thirds). For each group, 7 teeth underwent push-out bond strength testing, and 6 teeth were evaluated for nanoleakage and Vickers microhardness. Bond strength and nanoleakage data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05), and microhardness data to one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The root reinforcement groups with regular and flowable bulk-fill composite resins showed statistically superior adhesion results (higher bond strength and less nanoleakage) compared to the negative control in all root regions. Microhardness values were higher in the cervical third followed by the middle third. CONCLUSION: Regular or flowable bulk-fill composite resins should be chosen for root reinforcement of flared root canals prior to fiber post cementation.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Técnica de Perno Muñón , Resinas Compuestas , Cavidad Pulpar , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Vidrio , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina
15.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 365-372, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666062

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the reparability of aged and fresh resin composite after different mechanical surface pretreatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty composite specimens (Filtek Supreme XTE, 3M Oral Care) were either aged by thermal cycling (5000 cycles, 5-55°C) and six months of water storage, or immediately processed within 5 min after polymerization. Both aged and fresh specimens were either ground with fine (46-µm) or coarse (100-µm) diamond burs and then silanized or sandblasted with aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and silanized. In the negative control group, no mechanical surface pretreatment or silanization was performed. Specimens (n = 6 per group) were repaired with an adhesive (OptiBond FL, Kerr) and a resin composite (Filtek Supreme XTE). Directly adhered composite-to-composite increments served as the positive control group. After thermoycling, microtensile repair bond strength was assessed and statistically analyzed (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Aged composite surfaces revealed significantly lower repair bond strength than immediately repaired composite. The negative control group demonstrated the significantly lowest microtensile bond strength of all groups. No significant differences in repair bond strength were observed between the different mechanical pretreatments for both aged and fresh specimens. The repair bond strength of fresh composite pretreated with a fine diamond bur + Al2O3 + silane or a coarse diamond bur with/without Al2O3 + silane did not differ significantly from the positive control group. CONCLUSION: The age of the repaired composite has a greater influence on repair bond strength than does the type of composite surface pretreatment.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Ensayo de Materiales , Silanos , Estrés Mecánico , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
16.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 393-398, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666065

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of the application of different electric currents on dentin bonding and resin infiltration of self-etching and etch-and-rinse adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred four sound third molars were selected and divided in groups according to the adhesive (self-etch [CSE, Clearfil SE Bond, Kuraray Noritake], universal [SBU, Single Bond Universal, 3M Oral Care], and etch-and-rinse [SB2, Adper Single Bond 2 (SB2), 3M Oral Care]) and electrical current used (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 µA). Light curing was performed for 10 s with an LED-curing unit at 1000 mW/cm2. Composite blocks were constructed of nanofilled composite in increments of 2 mm, which were light cured for 20 s. Specimens were sectioned into sticks with a cross-sectional area of ~1 mm2 and stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) testing (n = 8) was performed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until failure. The bonding quality (n = 2) of adhesives applied with or without 35-µA electric current was evaluated using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Bond strengths were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: CSE presented the highest µTBS for all electrical currents tested. For CSE and SBU, electrical currents from 0-20 µA showed the lowest µTBS. Electrical currents from 0-10 and 20-25 µA yielded the lowest µTBS for SB2. CSE and SB2 applied under 35 µA showed a greater number of resin tags in dentin tubules. Fluorescein penetration into the hybrid layer was found for SBU applied without electric current. CONCLUSION: The application of adhesives using 35-µA electric current improved the bond strength and quality of the adhesive interface.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Adhesivos , Resinas Compuestas , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia a la Tracción
17.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 409-414, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666067

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Immature teeth are characterized by short roots, thin root canal walls, and open apices, which makes them prone to fracture. The aim was to investigate whether fiber-post placement had an influence on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated immature teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To simulate immature teeth, the apical third of 20 intact mandibular premolars was resected. After the access cavity was prepared, root canals and apices were enlarged. A 4-mm apical barrier was placed using calcium-silicate based material (Biodentine, Septodont). The teeth were then randomly assigned to two groups (n = 10). Root canals in group 1 were sealed using Acroseal (Septodont, France) and gutta-percha, followed by composite resin for the coronal restoration (Evetric, Ivoclar Vivadent). In group 2, fiber posts (FRC Postec Plus, Ivoclar Vivadent) were luted using self-adhesive composite cement (SpeedCEM Plus, Ivoclar Vivadent), followed by the same coronal restoration. The teeth were then subjected to fatigue and static load testing. RESULTS: The average loads (± SD) that led to tooth fracture were: 401.40 ± 296.83 N in group 1 and 636.20 ± 204.95 N in group 2. Unfavorable fractures were noted in 9 specimens from group 1 and in 7 specimens in group 2. No statistically significant difference in fracture resistance or fracture mode was found between the groups. CONCLUSION: Fiber-post placement had no significant influence on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated immature teeth.


Asunto(s)
Técnica de Perno Muñón , Fracturas de los Dientes , Diente no Vital , Diente Premolar , Resinas Compuestas , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales
18.
Braz Dent J ; 31(3): 272-280, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667522

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the application mode of three universal adhesive systems on interfacial physical properties of indirect composite restorations adhesively cemented to dentin cavities. Seventy-eight bovine lower incisors were selected and a slice of dentin (thickness: 2 mm) between the buccal surface and pulp chamber was obtained for each tooth. Conical cavities were made on this surface. The internal walls of the cavities were then coated with a hydrophilic gel, filled with composite resin and photopolymerized. The dentin/cone sets were divided into 6 groups (n=10) according to type of universal adhesive (TETRI: Tetric N Bond, FUT: Futura Bond U, SBU: Single Bond Universal) and acid etching on dentin (A: with acid etching; WA: without acid etching). The acid etching and the adhesive systems were applied to the surface of the dentin. All composite resin cones were sandblasted (Al2O3, 20 s) and silanized. After surface treatment, the cones were cemented (RelyX Ultimate) into the dentin cavity and photopolymerized. After thermocycling (10,000 cycles), samples were submitted to marginal adaptation analysis (using caries detector dye), push-out test (0.5 mm/min), and failure mode analysis. Additional samples were prepared for nanoleakage analysis (SEM). The data (MPa) were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-test (5%). The groups in which the dentin was acid etched showed significantly lower bond strength values in the push-out test (p<0.01). Dentin acid etching significantly reduced the bond strength between universal adhesive systems and dentin in indirect restorative procedures.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Animales , Bovinos , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Cavidad Pulpar , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
19.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(3): 521-528, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515423

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate one high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (EQUIA/GC), two resin-modified glass ionomers (Fuji II LC/GC, Photac Fil Quick Aplicap/3M Oral Care), two traditional glass ionomers (Ketac Molar Easymix/3M, Fuji II/GC), and two compomers (Freedom/SDI, Dyract XP/Dentsply Sirona) through a comparison of fluoride release and antimicrobial effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 210 samples were prepared, as 10 for each of the 7 materials for fluoride release and 20 for each material for the antimicrobial effect tests. To measure fluoride release, 5 ml distilled water and 5 ml TISAB II were added to the samples, which were then incubated at 37˚C. The fluoride levels of the material were measured using the selective ion electrode on days 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28. To compare the antimicrobial effects, 20 samples were divided in two groups and implanted in culture media containing Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophylus. Measurements were taken on days 2, 4 and 6. The diameter of the inhibition zone was recorded in millimetre (mm). RESULTS: All the materials released fluoride and the difference between them was determined to be statistically significant (p < 0.01). The antimicrobial effect values of the materials against S. mutans and L. acidophylus were evaluated and statistically significant difference was determined between the materials on all the measurement days. CONCLUSIONS: All the materials were observed to release fluoride. With the exception of the compomers, all the other materials showed an antimicrobial effect against S. mutans and L. acidophylus. Key words: fluoride, glass ionomer, antimicrobial, S. mutans, L. acidophylus.


Asunto(s)
Fluoruros , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo , Resinas Acrílicas , Antibacterianos , Resinas Compuestas , Ensayo de Materiales , Resinas Sintéticas , Dióxido de Silicio
20.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 233-239, 2020 Jun 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573127

RESUMEN

Bulk-fill composite resin are simple to operate, and they reduce polymerization shrinkage and microleakage compare to traditional resin-based composites. However, their clinical application could be affected by numerous factors, such as the material itself, light curing, placement techniques, storage condition, and preheating. This review aimed to summarize the definitions, classifications, indications, clinical properties, and influencing factors of the clinical application of bulk-fill resin-based composites and discuss the ways to improve their clinical effectiveness.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Materiales Dentales , Ensayo de Materiales , Polimerizacion , Propiedades de Superficie
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