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1.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(8): 761-5, 2020 Aug 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875769

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the tensile mechanics and anatomical characteristics of the posterior hip capsule, and provide biomechanical and anatomical evidence for capsule repair in total hip replacement. METHODS: Six bone-capsule-bone specimens were obtained from posterior hip joint of fresh frozen cadavers. The maximum strain, load, elastic modulus and load strain curves of the capsule ligament complex specimens were recorded by Instron Universal Material Testing Machine. Twelve cadaveric hip specimens were dissected to the capsule. The tensile strain of normal capsule and conventionally reconstructed capsule at 90 degrees of hip flexion were documented. The suture area of the posterior capsule was divided into nine sections, and the thicknessof different sections was measured and compared. Posterior capsule of the cadavers was repaired in conventionally way and anatomical way separately and simulated rehabilitation was conducted. The effect of rehabilitation on the repaired capsule was observed. RESULTS: The load-strain curve of capsule ligament complex conforms to rheological and viscoelastic characteristics. The maximum tensile strain of the complex was (39.21±5.23)%, the maximum load was (142.06± 34.15) N, the tensile strength was (1.65±0.38) MPa, and the elastic modulus is (14.23±5.62) MPa. At 90 ° hip flexion, the tensile strain of repaired capsule was higher than that of normal capsule, and the difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05). Tensile strain of conventionally reconstructed capsule is:upper part (37.0±4.9)%, middle part ( 53.3±1.1)%, lower part (68.3±6.2)%, tensile strain of normal capsule is:upper part (17.0±2.6)%, middle part (24.1±1.4)%, lower part (26.0± 4.3)% . The thickness of the posterior joint capsulein different sections is statistically significant (P<0.05), and capsule at 0.5cm proximal to the femoral insertion is suitable for suture. There the average thickness of capsule is:upper part (3.48 ± 0.11) mm, middle part (2.36 ± 0.09) mm, lower part (1. 59±0.24) mm. The posterior inferior joint capsule is thinnest at (1.42± 0.02) cm proximal to the femoral insertion, and sutures should be avoided here. After simulating rehabilitation, avulsion occurred in the lower part of the posterior capsule repaired conventionally (10/12), and the anatomically repaired capsule remained intact. CONCLUSION: The lower part of conventionally repaired capsule is overstretched and tends to fail. Anatomically repaired capsule conforms to tensile mechanics and is helpful to reduce the failure rate of repair.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Fémur , Articulación de la Cadera/cirugía , Humanos , Cápsula Articular/cirugía , Resistencia a la Tracción
2.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(2): 135-142, 2020 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920616

RESUMEN

This study evaluated the influence of the mode and time of solvent evaporation on the tensile strength (TS), flexural strength (FS) and elastic modulus (EM) of two adhesive systems: Scotchbond Multipurpose (SBMP) and Clearfil SE (CSEB). For this purpose, rectangular samples (2x1x7 mm) were prepared with 10 µL of primer and the solvents were evaporated with air spray at (23±1) ºC, (40±1) ºC and negative control (without spray). For each temperature, the times of 5, 20, 30, and 60 seconds were investigated. The statistical results showed that evaporation at 40±1ºC resulted in better EM for the two adhesives tested and all the evaporation times evaluated. However, there were no significant differences between the times and modes of evaporation for TS. The results of this study indicate that evaporation at a temperature of (40±1) °C could improve the elastic modulus of both adhesives tested, regardless of the evaporating time.


Asunto(s)
Adhesivos/química , Cementos Dentales/química , Recubrimientos Dentinarios/química , Solventes/farmacología , Resistencia a la Tracción , Desecación , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Volatilización
3.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(4): 747-756, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895658

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This in vitro study evaluated the effectiveness of polyacrylic acid as an acid etchant similar to phosphoric acid and its effect on the microtensile bond strength of self-adhesive resin cement to enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety Te-Econom Plus resin blocks (11 x 4 mm) were cemented onto bovine enamel and distributed into 10 groups according to the surface treatments (no surface treatment; etching with 37% phosphoric acid; etching with 20% polyacrylic acid; etching with 37% phosphoric acid + dental adhesive, and etching with 20% polyacrylic acid + dental adhesive) and the self-adhesive resin cements used (RelyX U200 and MaxCem Elite) (n = 9). After bonding, the specimens were sectioned into sticks, subjected to thermocycling (5760 cycles, 5°C and 55°C) and microtensile bond strength testing (n = 6). Images of representative specimens were obtained using a scanning electron microscope. Enamel penetration evaluation of different surface treatments was analysed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (n = 3). Data on bond strength were subjected to 2-way ANOVA and Tukey's least significant difference test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Both 37% phosphoric acid and 20% polyacrylic acid yielded the same microtensile bond strength between self-adhesive resin cement and enamel, independent of the application of dental adhesives (p > 0.05). MaxCem Elite showed higher bond strength values than RelyX U200 just for the 20% polyacrylic acid group (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Acid pre-conditioning of dental enamel may influence the bond strength of self-adhesive resin cement to enamel, and 20% polyacrylic acid showed efficacy similar to that of 37% phosphoric acid.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Grabado Ácido Dental , Resinas Acrílicas , Animales , Bovinos , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Esmalte Dental , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
4.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(4): 783-791, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895662

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study evaluated repair protocols of a non-aged and aged bulk-fill composite in terms of bond strength and leakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six bulk-fill resin specimens were constructed; half were submitted to thermocycling. Specimens were divided into six groups (n = 16) according to the repair treatments: CG: no repair (control group); Ad: adhesive; DbAd: abrasion with diamond bur + adhesive; SbAd: sandblasting + adhesive; DbSiAd: abrasion with diamond bur + silane + adhesive; and SbSiAd: sandblasting + silane + adhesive. Resin blocks were bonded to the treated surfaces to simulate repair, and the specimens were submitted to microtensile bond strength testing. The failure area was evaluated under a stereomicroscope (40X magnification), and leakage after specimen immersion in silver nitrate solution for 24 h was evaluated under a microscope (200X magnification). Three-way ANOVA (surface treatment, chemical agent, aging) and Tukey's test were performed. RESULTS: Ad and DbAd groups showed the lowest bond strengths, while Ad was the only group negatively influenced by aging. The other groups were statistically similar to the CG in both conditions. All groups exhibited leakage, but groups without silane presented a greater percentage of leakage, mainly when diamond burs were used. Thermocycling did not influence leakage, nor did surface treatment in groups with silane. CONCLUSION: For composite repair, the use of silane is recommended, mainly when diamond burs are used as a mechanical surface treatment.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Ensayo de Materiales , Silanos , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
5.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 445-452, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901723

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different commercial liquid phases (Ketac, Riva, and Fuji IX) and the use of spherical pre-reacted glass (SPG) fillers on cement maturation, fluoride release, compressive (CS) and biaxial flexural strength (BFS) of experimental glass ionomer cements (GICs). The experimental GICs (Ketac_M, Riva_M, FujiIX_M) were prepared by mixing SPG fillers with commercial liquid phases using the powder to liquid mass ratio of 2.5:1. FTIR-ATR was used to assess the maturation of GICs. Diffusion coefficient of fluoride (DF) and cumulative fluoride release (CF) in deionized water was determined using the fluoride ion specific electrode (n=3). CS and BFS at 24 h were also tested (n=6). Commercial GICs were used as comparisons. Riva and Riva_M exhibited rapid polyacrylate salt formation. The highest DF and CF were observed with Riva_M (1.65x10-9 cm2/s) and Riva (77 ppm) respectively. Using SPG fillers enhanced DF of GICs on average from ~2.5x10-9 cm2/s to ~3.0x10-9 cm2/s but reduced CF of the materials on average from ~51 ppm to ~42 ppm. The CS and BFS of Ketac_M (144 and 22 MPa) and Fuji IX_M (123 and 30 MPa) were comparable to commercial materials. Using SPG with Riva significantly reduced CS and BFS from 123 MPa to 55 MPa and 42 MPa to 28 MPa respectively. The use of SPG fillers enhanced DF but reduced CF of GICs. Using SPG with Ketac or Fuji IX liquids provided comparable strength to the commercial materials.


Asunto(s)
Cementos Dentales , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo , Fuerza Compresiva , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia a la Tracción
6.
Ultrasonics ; 108: 106223, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771811

RESUMEN

Quantitative ultrasound can be used to characterize the evolution of the bone-implant interface (BII), which is a complex system due to the implant surface roughness and to partial contact between bone and the implant. The determination of the constitutive law of the BII would be of interest in the context of implant acoustical modeling in order to take into account the imperfect characteristics of the BII. The aim of the present study is to propose an analytical effective model describing the interaction between an ultrasonic wave and a rough BII. To do so, a spring model was considered to determine the equivalent stiffness K of the BII. The stiffness contributions related (i) to the partial contact between the bone and the implant and (ii) to the presence of soft tissues at the BII during the process of osseointegration were assessed independently. K was found to be comprised between 1013 and 1017 N/m3 depending on the roughness and osseointegration of the BII. Analytical values of the reflection and transmission coefficients at the BII were derived from values of K. A good agreement with numerical results obtained through finite element simulation was obtained. This model may be used for future finite element bone-implant models to replace the BII conditions.


Asunto(s)
Interfase Hueso-Implante , Oseointegración , Ondas Ultrasónicas , Módulo de Elasticidad , Análisis de Elementos Finitos , Modelos Teóricos , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción , Titanio
7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4000, 2020 08 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778657

RESUMEN

Additive manufacturing permits innovative soft device architectures with micron resolution. The processing requirements, however, restrict the available materials, and joining chemically dissimilar components remains a challenge. Here we report silicone double networks (SilDNs) that participate in orthogonal crosslinking mechanisms-photocurable thiol-ene reactions and condensation reactions-to exercise independent control over both the shape forming process (3D printing) and final mechanical properties. SilDNs simultaneously possess low elastic modulus (E100% < 700kPa) as well as large ultimate strains (dL/L0 up to ~ 400 %), toughnesses (U ~ 1.4 MJ·m-3), and strengths (σ ~ 1 MPa). Importantly, the latent condensation reaction permits cohesive bonding of printed objects to dissimilar substrates with modulus gradients that span more than seven orders of magnitude. We demonstrate soft devices relevant to a broad range of disciplines: models that simulate the geometries and mechanical properties of soft tissue systems and multimaterial assemblies for next generation wearable devices and robotics.


Asunto(s)
Ensayo de Materiales , Impresión Tridimensional , Siliconas/química , Tecnología Biomédica , Módulo de Elasticidad , Fenómenos Mecánicos , Polímeros , Reología , Robótica , Resistencia a la Tracción , Factores de Tiempo , Dispositivos Electrónicos Vestibles
8.
J Environ Manage ; 271: 111031, 2020 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778311

RESUMEN

Generally, the mechanical strength and stiffness of old corrugated cardboard (OCC) waste paper are decreased after multiple recycling procedures. Surface sizing starch, which is extensively used in the surface sizing of paper making, accumulates after dissolving from the fibers and is transformed into pollutant during the OCC re-pulping process. To overcome the pollution and reutilization problem of the waste starch during the recycling process of OCC paper, waste starch was ionized using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to improve the mechanical properties of OCC paper during the reutilization. The results showed that the carboxyl group of waste starch increased with an increasing degree of ionization, resulting in enhanced copper ion adsorption capacity. Furthermore, the retention rate of the modified starch in the wet-end increased from 18.0% to 48.2%. The OCC paper presented the highest burst index and tensile strength of 8.94 kPa m2/g and 112.5 N m/g, respectively, when MS-2 was added. This work has great significance for implementation of the cleaning production of OCC waste papers and the reutilization of the waste starch.


Asunto(s)
Peróxido de Hidrógeno , Almidón , Papel , Reciclaje , Resistencia a la Tracción
9.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 755-761, 2020 Aug 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773815

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength of resin composite to glass ceramic, and the effect of surface treatment of resin composite and thermal cycling aging on the microtensile bond strength. METHODS: Rectangular blocks were made with dentin of extracted molars, resin composite or feldspathic glass ceramic respectively. The bonding surfaces of these rectangular blocks were sanded by 600-grit silicon carbide paper before luting. A self-etching resin cement was used as luting agent. The specimens were divided into groups according to the types of substrates of adhesion (dentin/glass ceramic or resin composite/glass ceramic), the way of surface treatments and whether thermal cycling aging ocurred. The dentin blocks were adhered to ceramic blocks as controls (group A1 and A2). The resin composite blocks were adhered to the ceramic blocks as experiment groups. The resin composite surfaces were treated by different ways before luting: no extra surface treatment (group B1 and B2), treated by ethyl methacrylate solution (group C1 and C2) or silane coupling agent (group D1 and D2), coarsened by 360-grit silicon carbide paper (group E1 and E2) or polished by 1 200-grit silicon carbide paper (group F1 and F2). After luting, the microtensile bond strength of the specimens were tested before (group A1-F1) or after (group A2-F2) thermal cycling aging. After microtensile bond strength test, the fracture bonding surfaces of the specimens were observed by a scanning electron microscopy to determine the type of bonding failure. The data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: The microtensile bond strength of resin composite to glass ceramic with no extra treatment achieved high bond values before and after thermal cycling [B1 (30.02±3.85) MPa, B2 (26.83±3.14) MPa], which were statistically different from those of the control groups [A1 (20.55±4.51) MPa, A2 (12.94±0.69) MPa, P < 0.05]. The microtensile bond strength between the glass ceramic and resin composite did not increase after different surface treatments of resin composite. CONCLUSIONS: The microtensile bond strength between resin composite and glass ceramic achieved as similar bond strength as that between dentin and glass ceramic and even better. Surface treatment of resin composite via methyl methacrylate solution, silane coupling agent, coarsening, or polishing did not increase the microtensile bond strength effectually.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica , Resinas Compuestas , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Grabado Ácido Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Silanos , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
10.
Food Chem ; 332: 127375, 2020 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622189

RESUMEN

Biopolymer films based on chitosan/potato protein/linseed oil/ZnO NPs were developed to maintain the storage quality of raw meat. Results indicated that the incorporation of ZnO NPs could effectively improve the transparency and tensile strength of the films, while addition of linseed oil could make the composite film maintain good elastic property. Films blended with chitosan/potato protein/linseed oil/ZnO NPs (Fcpzl) exhibited an excellent moisture barrier capability. SEM showed that ZnO NPs could harmoniously exist in various polymers matrix. FTIR analysis demonstrated that different components were bound together by intramolecular and intermolecular interactions, among which hydrogen bonds were the main force. Raw meat samples were wrapped with different films to evaluate the preservative effect during 4 °C storage. Results indicated that Fcpzl possessed best protective effect of raw meat with excellent acceptable sensory properties during 7 days storage, which could reduce the speed of increasing pH and total bacterial counts.


Asunto(s)
Quitosano/química , Embalaje de Alimentos/métodos , Almacenamiento de Alimentos/métodos , Aceite de Linaza/química , Carne , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Óxido de Zinc/química , Calidad de los Alimentos , Carne/microbiología , Solanum tuberosum/química , Resistencia a la Tracción
11.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 20-29, jul. 2020. ilus.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103033

RESUMEN

Objetivos: Evaluar la resistencia de unión a la microtracción en dentina humana de un sistema adhesivo universal con clorhexidina en su composición, en modo de grabado y lavado en 2 pasos, y en modo de autograbado. Metodología: 20 terceros molares divididos aleatoriamente en 4 grupos según el tipo de sistema adhesivo utilizado (Single Bond Universal®, 3MESPE y Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent Products) y modo de uso (grabado total y autograbado). Se confeccionaron cuerpos de prueba sometidos al ensayo de microtracción utilizando una máquina de ensayos universales. Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los cuatro grupos estudiados. Conclusiones: La resistencia de unión de una resina compuesta a dentina humana no fue afectada por el uso de un sistema adhesivo universal que contiene clorhexidina en su composición aplicado en los modos de grabado total y autograbado


Objectives: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength to human dentin of chlorhexidine containing universal adhesive system applied in the total-etch and selfetch modes. Methods: Twenty third molars were randomly divided into four groups according to the universal adhesive system (Single Bond Universal ®, 3M ESPE and Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent) and application mode used (total-etch and self-etch). Specimens were prepared and subjected to a microtensile bond strength using a MTS SANS universal testing machine. Results: No statistically significant differences were found in the microtensile bond strength between the four groups studied. Conclusions: The bond strength of a composite resin to human dentin was not affected by the use of a universal adhesive system with chlorhexidine in its composition applied in the total-etch and self-etch modes.


Objetivos: Avaliar a resistência de união á microtração na dentina humana de um sistema adesivo universal com clorexidina na sua composição, no modo de condicionamento total em dois passos e no modo autocondicionante. Metodologia: 20 terceiros molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos, de acordo com o tipo de sistema adesivo utilizado (Single Bond Universal®, 3MESPE e Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent Products) e modo de uso (condicionamento total e autocondicionante). Os corpos de prova criados foram submetidos ao teste de microtração utilizando uma máquina de ensaios universal. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os quatro grupos estudados. Conclusões: A resistência de união da resina composta à dentina humana não foi afetada pelo uso de um sistema adesivo universal contendo clorexidina em sua composição, aplicado nos modos de condicionamento total ou autocondicionamento.


Asunto(s)
Resistencia a la Tracción , Clorhexidina , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos Dentales
12.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 365-372, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666062

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the reparability of aged and fresh resin composite after different mechanical surface pretreatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty composite specimens (Filtek Supreme XTE, 3M Oral Care) were either aged by thermal cycling (5000 cycles, 5-55°C) and six months of water storage, or immediately processed within 5 min after polymerization. Both aged and fresh specimens were either ground with fine (46-µm) or coarse (100-µm) diamond burs and then silanized or sandblasted with aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and silanized. In the negative control group, no mechanical surface pretreatment or silanization was performed. Specimens (n = 6 per group) were repaired with an adhesive (OptiBond FL, Kerr) and a resin composite (Filtek Supreme XTE). Directly adhered composite-to-composite increments served as the positive control group. After thermoycling, microtensile repair bond strength was assessed and statistically analyzed (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Aged composite surfaces revealed significantly lower repair bond strength than immediately repaired composite. The negative control group demonstrated the significantly lowest microtensile bond strength of all groups. No significant differences in repair bond strength were observed between the different mechanical pretreatments for both aged and fresh specimens. The repair bond strength of fresh composite pretreated with a fine diamond bur + Al2O3 + silane or a coarse diamond bur with/without Al2O3 + silane did not differ significantly from the positive control group. CONCLUSION: The age of the repaired composite has a greater influence on repair bond strength than does the type of composite surface pretreatment.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Ensayo de Materiales , Silanos , Estrés Mecánico , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
13.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 383-391, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666064

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of different cleaning methods on the resin bond strength to contaminated translucent 3Y-TZP ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 133 airborne-particle abraded (0.1 MPa) zirconia specimens were divided into 7 groups. Uncontaminated zirconia specimens were either not cleaned (UN) or cleaned with cleaning paste (Ivoclean) (UP1). After contamination by saliva and blood immersion, zirconia specimens were cleaned using either distilled water rinsing (CW), 99% isopropanol in an ultrasonic bath (CI), cleaning paste according to manufacturer's instructions (CP1), cleaning paste with additional rubbing (CP2), or additional airborne-particle abrasion at 0.1 MPa (CA). Three specimens from each group were examined by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). For each group, sixteen Plexiglas tubes filled with composite resin (Clearfil FII, Kuraray Noritake) were bonded to the zirconia specimens using a primer (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus, Kuraray Noritake) and luting composite (Panavia V5, Kuraray Noritake). Before measuring tensile bond strength, specimens were stored in distilled water for 3 or 150 days plus 37,500 thermal cycles. RESULTS: After 3 days, no group showed significantly different TBS compared to the control group UN (p > 0.05). However, groups CW and CI showed significantly lower TBS than all other groups after 150 days (p ≤ 0.05). XPS analysis revealed more organic residue on zirconia surfaces of groups CW and CI than on the other groups. CONCLUSION: Cleaning with the cleaning paste and airborne-particle abrasion were effective in removing saliva and blood contamination and enhancing bond strength.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Porcelana Dental , Cerámica , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción , Circonio
14.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 393-398, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666065

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of the application of different electric currents on dentin bonding and resin infiltration of self-etching and etch-and-rinse adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred four sound third molars were selected and divided in groups according to the adhesive (self-etch [CSE, Clearfil SE Bond, Kuraray Noritake], universal [SBU, Single Bond Universal, 3M Oral Care], and etch-and-rinse [SB2, Adper Single Bond 2 (SB2), 3M Oral Care]) and electrical current used (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 µA). Light curing was performed for 10 s with an LED-curing unit at 1000 mW/cm2. Composite blocks were constructed of nanofilled composite in increments of 2 mm, which were light cured for 20 s. Specimens were sectioned into sticks with a cross-sectional area of ~1 mm2 and stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) testing (n = 8) was performed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until failure. The bonding quality (n = 2) of adhesives applied with or without 35-µA electric current was evaluated using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Bond strengths were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: CSE presented the highest µTBS for all electrical currents tested. For CSE and SBU, electrical currents from 0-20 µA showed the lowest µTBS. Electrical currents from 0-10 and 20-25 µA yielded the lowest µTBS for SB2. CSE and SB2 applied under 35 µA showed a greater number of resin tags in dentin tubules. Fluorescein penetration into the hybrid layer was found for SBU applied without electric current. CONCLUSION: The application of adhesives using 35-µA electric current improved the bond strength and quality of the adhesive interface.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Adhesivos , Resinas Compuestas , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia a la Tracción
15.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 399-407, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666066

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemomechanical properties, antibacterial activity, and cytotoxicity of an experimental adhesive resin containing halloysite nanotubes (HNT), doped with alkyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (ATAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A filler of HNT doped with ATAB was obtained (ATAB:HNT) and incorporated (5 wt%) into a resin blend made of bisphenol A glycerolate dimethacrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and a photoinitiator/co-initiator system (GATAB:HNT). The same resin blend without ATAB:HNT was used as control (Ctrl). The ATAB:HNT filler was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The two tested adhesives were evaluated for degree of conversion (DC) in vitro and in situ, softening in alcohol, dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), antibacterial activity, and cytotoxicity (n = 5). RESULTS: SEM showed that the nanotubes had a characteristic tubular-needle morphology, while the TEM analysis confirmed the presence of ATAB inside the lumens of HNT. The incorporation of ATAB:HNT induced no reduction (p > 0.05) of the DC either in situ or in vitro. No difference was encountered after the softening challenge test (p > 0.05) and no difference was found in µTBS between the two adhesives, both at 24 h (p > 0.05) and after 6 months of storage in distilled water (p > 0.05). However, ATAB:HNT reduced Streptococcus mutans viability (p < 0.05) without a cytotoxic effect on pulp cells (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: GATAB:HNT adhesive demonstrated appropriate polymerization without significant differences in softening after solvent immersion, while concomitantly maintaining reliable bond strength after 6 months of water aging. Moreover, the ATAB:HNT filler can provide antibacterial activity to the adhesive resin without affecting pulp cell viability.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Nanotubos , Bromuros , Arcilla , Cementos Dentales , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia a la Tracción
16.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 415-420, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666068

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate whether interfacial enzymatic activity and adhesion receptiveness of artificial caries-affected dentin (ACAD) simulate those of natural caries-affected dentin (NCAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty dentin specimens were prepared from human molars to determine interfacial gelatinolytic activity using in situ zymography and adhesion experiments (micropermeability and bond strength [µTBS]). Groups were formed according to the type of dentin: artificial caries-affected dentin (ACAD), natural caries-affected dentin (NCAD), or sound dentin. ACAD was produced by incubating dentin with Streptococcus mutans in a chemically defined medium (CDM) with 1% sucrose for 7 days at 37°C under anaerobic conditions. CDM was replaced daily, and the sterility as well as the pH of the culture was monitored. Adhesion experiments employed Single Bond Universal (3M Oral Care) in self-etch mode. Data were individually processed and analyzed using ANOVA and post-hoc tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The enzymatic activity of ACAD was similar to that of sound dentin, but was lower than that of NCAD, which elicited the highest activity (p < 0.05). Interfacial micropermeability intensity at the hybrid layer or in underlying dentin (5 µm below the interface) was similar in all types of dentin (p > 0.05). On the other hand, substrate permeability was higher for NCAD than for ACAD. The highest sealing ability was detected in sound dentin. Bond strengths to ACAD were higher than to NCAD. However, the highest µTBS was observed in sound dentin (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Artificial caries-affected dentin simulated neither the gelatinolytic activity nor bonding receptiveness of natural caries-affected dentin.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Caries Dental , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia a la Tracción
17.
Braz Dent J ; 31(3): 272-280, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667522

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the application mode of three universal adhesive systems on interfacial physical properties of indirect composite restorations adhesively cemented to dentin cavities. Seventy-eight bovine lower incisors were selected and a slice of dentin (thickness: 2 mm) between the buccal surface and pulp chamber was obtained for each tooth. Conical cavities were made on this surface. The internal walls of the cavities were then coated with a hydrophilic gel, filled with composite resin and photopolymerized. The dentin/cone sets were divided into 6 groups (n=10) according to type of universal adhesive (TETRI: Tetric N Bond, FUT: Futura Bond U, SBU: Single Bond Universal) and acid etching on dentin (A: with acid etching; WA: without acid etching). The acid etching and the adhesive systems were applied to the surface of the dentin. All composite resin cones were sandblasted (Al2O3, 20 s) and silanized. After surface treatment, the cones were cemented (RelyX Ultimate) into the dentin cavity and photopolymerized. After thermocycling (10,000 cycles), samples were submitted to marginal adaptation analysis (using caries detector dye), push-out test (0.5 mm/min), and failure mode analysis. Additional samples were prepared for nanoleakage analysis (SEM). The data (MPa) were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-test (5%). The groups in which the dentin was acid etched showed significantly lower bond strength values in the push-out test (p<0.01). Dentin acid etching significantly reduced the bond strength between universal adhesive systems and dentin in indirect restorative procedures.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Animales , Bovinos , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Cavidad Pulpar , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
18.
Waste Manag ; 115: 65-73, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731135

RESUMEN

Technology for the transformation of waste feathers to quality regenerated filaments has been developed. Regardless of superior properties of natural keratin materials, previously developed regenerated materials from keratin had tensile properties much lower than their natural counterparts due to backbone hydrolysis and inefficient reconstruction of disulfide crosslinkages. In this work, tough keratin filaments have been regenerated from white duck feathers via efficient restoration of disulfide crosslinkages using a dithiol reducing agent. Dithiol substantially reserves free thiol groups in the extraction and formed lengthy intermolecular crosslinkages in regenerated keratin filaments. Due to the high degree of intermolecular reconstruction of disulfide bonds and formation of lengthy crosslinkages via dithiol chain-extension, the keratin filaments exhibited considerable improvements in mechanical properties, especially for ductility and water stability. The tenacity and elongation at break were 160.7 MPa and 14%, respectively. The filaments retained about 80% of the tenacity of natural feathers at either dry or wet conditions and demonstrated stretchability 150% higher than natural feathers. The fiber regeneration technology makes it possible to substitute primary fiber sources by renewable poultry feathers. Successful filament substitution or addition can bring more than 88-billion-dollar revenue. The technology not only contributes to a sustainable fiber and poultry industry but adds substantial values to poultry feathers.


Asunto(s)
Plumas , Aves de Corral , Animales , Queratinas , Resistencia a la Tracción
19.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(2): 150-154, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626877

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine(CHX) on the self-etching adhesive to dentin. METHODS: Fifty carious free molars were selected to expose the flat dentin surface. The specimens were bonded with composite resin by self-etching adhesive ,which were pretreated by 2% CHX for 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 s. The microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and scanning electron microscope(SEM) were evaluated before and after thermocycling. SPSS 19.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: µTBS of the 45 and 60s-CHX pretreated group had significant difference before thermocycling, significantly higher than the control group(P<0.05). The 60s-CHX pretreated group showed significant greater µTBS than the control group after thermocycling(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: 2%CHX pretreatment can improve the bonding strength of the self-etching adhesive, and slow down the aging progress of bonding interface.


Asunto(s)
Clorhexidina , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina , Estrés Mecánico , Resistencia a la Tracción
20.
Am J Vet Res ; 81(8): 681-688, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700993

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the biomechanical strength and incidence of gap formation among canine superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) constructs that underwent core tenorrhaphy only and those in which the core tenorrhaphy was augmented with skin staples or a continuous Silfverskiold cross-stitch (SXS) suture pattern. SAMPLE: 42 cadaveric forelimb SDFTs from 21 musculoskeletally normal dogs. PROCEDURES: Tendons were randomly assigned to 3 groups (14 SDTFs/group), sharply transected, and repaired with a core locking-loop suture alone (group 1) or augmented with circumferential placement of skin staples (group 2) or a continuous SXS suture pattern (group 3) in the epitenon. All constructs underwent a single load-to-failure test. Yield, peak, and failure loads, incidence of gap formation, and mode of failure were compared among the 3 groups. RESULTS: Mean yield, peak, and failure loads differed significantly among experimental groups and were greatest for group 3 and lowest for group 1 constructs. The incidence of gap formation differed among the tested groups and was lowest for group 3 and highest for group 1. The most common mode of construct failure was the suture pulling through the tendon for group 1, staple deformation for group 2, and epitendinous suture breakage for group 3. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results indicated epitendinous placement of skin staples around a core SDFT tenorrhaphy site improved the biomechanical strength and resistance to gap formation for the repair but was inferior to epitendinous placement of SXS sutures. Further research is necessary before skin staples are used for tenorrhaphy augmentation in clinical patients.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de los Perros , Laceraciones/cirugía , Laceraciones/veterinaria , Traumatismos de los Tendones/cirugía , Traumatismos de los Tendones/veterinaria , Animales , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Cadáver , Perros , Técnicas de Sutura/veterinaria , Suturas , Tendones/cirugía , Resistencia a la Tracción
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