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1.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(3): 7-10, 2020.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608941

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the dynamics of changes in the adhesion between the composite and dentin of the tooth when using different volumes of a single-component adhesive system in case of contamination of it with human blood plasma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To achieve this goal, the following were used: extracted human teeth, XP Bond one-component adhesive systems (DENTSPLY, Germany), Esthet X HD micrometric restoration material (DENTSPLY, Germany), and centrifuged blood plasma. The strength of the adhesive bond between the composite material and the hard tissues of the tooth was studied using a shear test machine Zwick Roell Z 010 («Zwick¼, Germany). RESULTS: The use of a single-component adhesive system in an amount of 17.7 mg (1 drop from a dispenser) for treating open dentin makes it more resistant to contamination compared to using the same adhesive, but in an amount of 6.6 mg (the amount of adhesive that adsorbs a medium-sized dental take). A decrease in the adhesion force between the composite material and tooth hard tissues from 1.5 to 17.7% occurs when a single-component adhesive system weighing 17.7 mg of blood plasma simulating a dentinal fluid weighing from 0.2 to 2.0 mg enters. The ingestion of the same amount of blood plasma in a single-component adhesive system weighing 6.6 mg leads to a decrease in its adhesion from 4.3 to 43%.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Dentina , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte
2.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(3): 221-225, 2020 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522327

RESUMEN

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the shear bond strength (SBS) of glass ionomer cement (GIC) to artificial carious dentin with and without silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment. Methods: Permanent molars were sectioned and demineralized to create artificial carious lesions. In five groups, the demineralization of dentin, application of SDF, use of conditioner, and elapsed time between the placement of SDF and restoration were tested for differences in SBS using an UltraTester machine. Statistical analysis was done using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Tukey-Kramer multiple comparison tests. Results: The highest bond strength was found when GIC was placed on conditioned and demineralized dentin treated with SDF one week earlier. Treatment with SDF and use of conditioner did not statistically affect the SBS of GIC to demineralized dentin. Statistically significant increases in bond strength were found when one week elapsed between SDF application and GIC placement. The lowest bond strength was found with immediate GIC application onto SDF-treated demineralized dentin. Conclusions: These in vitro findings suggest that silver diamine fluoride treatment does not significantly affect the bond strength of glass ionomer cement to dentin lesions, and improved retention is obtained by allowing SDF solution to set for one week prior to GIC placement.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Caries Dental , Dentina , Fluoruros Tópicos , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario , Resistencia al Corte , Compuestos de Plata
3.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(4): 426-430, 2020 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584281

RESUMEN

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare various conditioning regimes (laser and conventional) on shear bond strength (SBS) of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) bonded to dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty non-carious intact maxillary molars were cleaned, isolated, and randomly divided into six groups (n = 10). Before randomization, the dentin surface was exposed and finished. Samples in group I were conditioned using Er,Cr:YSGG laser (ECYL). Specimens in group II were conditioned using Er:YAG laser (EYL), and the dentin surfaces of specimens in group III and group IV were conditioned using cavity conditioner and K930. Similarly, the samples in group V and group VI were surface treated using 17% EDTA and total etch. All samples were bonded with RMGIC following conditioning regime. For SBS testing, the samples were placed in universal testing machine. A fracture analysis of debonded surfaces was evaluated using stereomicroscope at 40× magnification. Means and standard deviations (SDs) were calculated using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's post hoc test at a significant level of p < 0.05. RESULTS: The maximum bond strength values were observed in group VI total etch (23.85 ± 3.67). The lowest bond strength was displayed in laser dentin group II conditioned by EYL (11.65 ± 2.77). Dentin conditioned with ECYL, cavity conditioner, K930 conditioner, and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) were found to be comparable, p > 0.05. Cohesive failure was dominant among experimental groups. CONCLUSION: Er,Cr:YSGG laser has a potential to be recommended for dentin conditioning prior to application of RMGIC. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dentin conditioning enhances adhesion of RMGIC for improved prognosis and treatment outcome.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Láseres de Estado Sólido , Dentina , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia al Corte
4.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 256-262, 2020 Jun 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573131

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop novel self-adhesive resin cement with antibacterial and self-healing properties. Furthermore, the dentin bonding strength, mechanical properties, self-healing efficiency, and antibacterial property of the developed cement were measured. METHODS: Novel nano-antibacterial inorganic fillers that contain quaternary ammonium salts with long-chain alkyls were synthesized. These fillers were added into self-adhesive resin cement containing self-healing microcapsules at mass fractions of 0, 2.5%, 5.0%, 7.5%, or 10.0%. The dentin shear bonding test was used to test the bonding strength, whereas the flexural test was used to measure the flexural strength and elastic modulus of the cement. The single-edge V-notched beam method was used to measure self-healing efficiency, and human dental plaque microcosm biofilms were chosen to calculate the antibacterial property. RESULTS: The dentin shear bond strength significantly decreased when the mass fraction of the nano-antibacterial inorganic fillers in the novel cement reached 7.5% (P<0.05). The incorporation of 0, 2.5%, 5.0%, 7.5%, or 10.0% mass fraction of nano-antibacterial inorganic fillers did not adversely affect the flexural strength, elastic modulus, fracture toughness, and self-healing efficiency of the cement (P>0.1). Resin cement containing 2.5% mass fraction or more nano-antibacterial inorganic fillers significantly inhibited the metabolic activity of dental plaque microcosm biofilms, indicating strong antibacterial potency (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The novel self-adhesive resin cement exhibited promising antibacterial and self-healing properties, which enable the cement to be used for dental applications.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Antibacterianos , Cementos Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Dentina , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
5.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(3): 255-264, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32435766

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of application protocol on the shear bond strength (SBS) and nanoleakage of simplified adhesives over 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 810 dentin slices were obtained from 405 caries-free human molars. They were randomly assigned to 54 experimental groups resulting from the combination of "adhesive" (Adper Scotchbond 1XT [S1XT], Solobond M [SM], Scotchbond Universal Adhesive in etch-and-rinse mode [SUER] and self-etch mode [SUSE], Adper Easy Bond [EB], Clearfil S3 Bond Plus [CS3]), "application protocol" (manufacturer's instructions [MI], two extra layers of adhesive [EL], hydrophobic resin layer [HL]), and "aging time" (24 h [24H], 6 months [6M], and 18 months [18M] in water). SBS tests were carried out using a Watanabe device followed by failure mode analysis. For the nanoleakage study, specimens from 54 additional molars were prepared as previously described, immersed in ammoniacal silver nitrate, and evaluated with SEM. SBS data were analyzed with ANOVA followed by Tukey's post-hoc tests; failure mode data were analyzed using chi-squared tests (α = 0.05). Nanoleakage data were analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by LSD tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: After 18M, S1XT and SUSE achieved the highest mean SBS (p < 0.05). Regarding the application protocols, EL and HL provided higher mean SBS than those obtained with MI (p < 0.05). HL resulted in the highest mean SBS and the lowest mean nanoleakage after 18M. CONCLUSION: Simplified adhesives may need an extra hydrophobic resin layer to achieve a stable and durable adhesive interface. The self-etch approach should be recommended for the universal adhesive.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos Dentales , Dentina , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia al Corte
6.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(2): 17-20, 2020.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441070

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree of influence of human blood plasma simulating dentinal fluid on the composite resin adhesion to dental hard tissues. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The strength of the adhesive bond between the composite material and dental hard tissues was studied using a shear test machine Zwick Roell Z 010 («Zwick¼, Germany) on extracted human teeth. XP Bond one-component adhesive system and XENOV self-etching adhesive system (DENTSPLY, Germany), high-definition micrometric restoration material Esthet X HD (DENTSPLY, Germany), as well as centrifuged blood plasma were used. RESULTS: Adhesion strength decreased by 26-78% when blood plasma weighing from 0.2 to 2.0 mg mixed up the self-etching system (weight 6.6 mg). A significant decrease in the adhesion force occurred when plasma with a mass of 0.7 mg or more mixed up with the monomer (a decrease in adhesion by 19.1%). A critical decrease in the adhesion force (43% or more) occurred with the mixture of blood plasma weighing 2.0 mg or more.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Grabado Ácido Dental , Resinas Compuestas , Cementos Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233200

RESUMEN

The purpose of the present study was to (1) investigate the micro-shear bond strength and failure mode of a novel methacryloxydecyl-dihydrogen-phosphate (MDP) calcium-fluoride-releasing self-adhesive resin cement (TheraCem, BISCO) to a tooth structure (enamel and dentin) and to yttrium-stabilized zirconia after thermocycling, and to (2) compare the results with a universal non-MDP-containing self-adhesive resin cement (RelyX Unicem, 3M ESPE) as a control. Enamel and dentin specimens (20 discs each) were obtained by using a diamond saw (IsoMet 4000, Buehler) with copious water coolant. Twenty zirconia plates were obtained from IPS e.max ZirCAD blocks (Ivoclar Vivadent) and sintered in an inFire HTC speed high-temperature furnace (Dentsply Sirona). Resin-cement micro-cylinders were created on the bonded surface and filled with the tested cements (n = 10 for each surface/cement combination): Group A (control) used non-MDP-containing RelyX, whilegroup B (tested cement) used MDP-containing TheraCem MDP. Cements were left to self-cure for 5 minutes. All specimens were thermocycled for 5,000 cycles (THE-1100, SD Mechatronik). Micro-shear bond strength was measured using a universal testing machine, and debonded surfaces were examined for failure mode analysis with all morphologic and ultrastructure changes using a scanning electron microscope (Quanta 250 Field Emission Gun, FEI) attached with an energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) unit. The results were statistically analyzed. TheraCem had a slightly higher micro-shear bond strength (MPa) value than RelyX. Within enamel, TheraCem (6.46 ± 1.37 MPa) had a significantly higher mean µ-SBS value than RelyX (3.04 ± 0.99 MPa) (P = .002). Similarly, TheraCem in dentin (10.67 ± 1.27 MPa) had a significantly higher mean value than RelyX (6.46 ± 1.74 MPa) (P = .014). As for zirconia, TheraCem (39.76 ± 1.18 MPa) had a significantly higher mean µ-SBS value than RelyX (27.04 ± 1.92 MPa) (P < .001). Using MDP-containing calcium-fluoride-releasing self-adhesive resin cement (TheraCem) may improve bond strength to all tested substrates (enamel, dentin, and zirconia) and can be considered a promising cement for many clinicians. Further clinical studies are required to provide long-term clinical success data.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Calcio , Fluoruro de Calcio , Cementos Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Fluoruros , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio
8.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(2): 155-159, 2020 Apr 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314888

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on the shear bond strength of resin nano ceramic to resin cement, thereby providing a theoretical basis for the improvement of clinical application. METHODS: A total of 150 specimens (10 mm×10 mm×3 mm) were milled from resin nano ceramic blocks (Lava Ultimate) using computer-aided design/computer aided manufacturing(CAD/CAM) technology. The specimens were randomly divided into five groups according to the surface treatment performed, as follows: control, sandblasted, sandblasted+silane, hydrofluoric acid, and hydrofluoric acid+silane groups. After the corresponding surface treatment, the specimens were cemented using Single Bond Universal Adhesive and RelyXTM Ultimate ClickerTM adhesive resin cement. All cemented specimens were placed in distilled water for 24 h and 30 days and subjected to a shear bond strength test in a universal testing machine. RESULTS: The surface treatment and water storage periods showed significant effects on bond strength. Surface treatment with sandblasted+silane showed the highest shear strength values among all tested groups, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). A difference was observed between the control and hydrofluoric acid groups, and both had significantly difference compared with other groups (P<0.05). Sandblasted and hydrofluoric acid+silane groups were not statistically different, and both had significantly difference compared with other groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The surface of resin nanoceramic treated by sand-blasted, sandblasted+silane, and hydrofluoric acid+silane can improve the bond strength. The sandblasted+silane group had the best the shear bond strength among the groups.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Cerámica , Porcelana Dental , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia al Corte , Silanos , Propiedades de Superficie
9.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0229731, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271780

RESUMEN

Shear stress comprises basic information for predicting the average depth velocity and discharge in channels. With knowledge of the percentage of shear force carried by walls (%SFw) it is possible to more accurately estimate shear stress values. The %SFw, non-dimension wall shear stress ([Formula: see text]) and non-dimension bed shear stress ([Formula: see text]) in smooth rectangular channels were predicted by a three methods, the Bayesian Regularized Neural Network (BRNN), the Radial Basis Function (RBF), and the Modified Structure-Radial Basis Function (MS-RBF). For this aim, eight data series of research experimental results in smooth rectangular channels were used. The results of the new method of MS-RBF were compared with those of a simple RBF and BRNN methods and the best model was selected for modeling each predicted parameters. The MS-RBF model with RMSE of 3.073, 0.0366 and 0.0354 for %SFw, [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] respectively, demonstrated better performance than those of the RBF and BRNN models. The results of MS-RBF model were compared with three other proposed equations by researchers for trapezoidal channels and rectangular ducts. The results showed that the MS-RBF model performance in estimating %SFw, [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] is superior than those of presented equations by researchers.


Asunto(s)
Simulación por Computador , Resistencia al Corte , Estrés Mecánico , Teorema de Bayes , Árboles de Decisión , Modelos Teóricos , Redes Neurales de la Computación
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e018, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187304

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of hydrofluoric acid (HF) concentration, etching time, and application of phosphoric acid (PA) followed by neutralization with sodium bicarbonate on the bond strength between a feldspar ceramic and resin cement. Thus, 80 blocks (10 x 12 x 2 mm) of glass ceramic (VM - Vita Mark II - Vita Zahnfabrik) were made and randomly assigned to eight groups (n = 10) according to the factors: HF concentration (5 and 10%), etching time (60 and 120 s), and use of phosphoric acid (PA) (with and without). According to the experimental group, 37% PA (Condac, FGM) was applied after HF etching for 60s. Afterwards, samples were immersed in sodium bicarbonate for 1 min then in an ultrasonic bath in distilled water (5 min) for cleaning. After surface bonding treatment, cylinders (Ø = 2 mm; h = 2 mm) of dual resin cement (AllCem / FGM) were made in the center of each block. The samples were then stored in water (37ºC) for 90 days and submitted to the shear bond test (50 KgF, 1 mm/min). Failure analysis was performed by stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscopy. Data (MPa) were analyzed with 3-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Only the factor "HF concentration" was significant (p = 0.02). Most failures were of cohesive in ceramic (40%) and mixed types (42.5%). The 10% HF resulted in higher shear bond strength value than the 5% HF. Surface cleaning with phosphoric acid followed by sodium bicarbonate and HF time (60 or 120 seconds) did not influence the resin bond strength to feldspar ceramic.


Asunto(s)
Silicatos de Aluminio/química , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Ácido Fluorhídrico/química , Ácidos Fosfóricos/química , Compuestos de Potasio/química , Análisis de Varianza , Porcelana Dental/química , Ensayo de Materiales , Metacrilatos/química , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Valores de Referencia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Cementos de Resina/química , Resistencia al Corte/efectos de los fármacos , Silanos/química , Propiedades de Superficie , Factores de Tiempo
12.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(1): 28-35, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215475

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Yd:YAG laser irradiation on orthodontic bracket base surface. Shear bond strength (SBS) values and sites of the bonding failure interfaces were quantified. METHODS: Brackets were divided into two groups: OP (One Piece - integral sandblast base) and OPL (One Piece - laser irradiation). The brackets were randomly bonded on an intact enamel surface of 40 bovine incisors. The SBS tests were carry out using a universal test machine. A stereomicroscopy was used to evaluate the adhesive remnant index (ARI), and surface characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Student's t-test was used to compare the SBS between the two groups (p< 0.05). Frequencies and chi-square analysis were applied to evaluate the ARI scores. RESULTS: OPL group showed higher value (p< 0.001) of SBS than OP group (43.95 MPa and 34.81 MPa, respectively). ARI showed significant difference (p< 0.001) between OPL group (ARI 0 = 100%) and OP group (ARI 0 = 15%). SEM showed a higher affinity between the adhesive and the irradiated laser base surface. CONCLUSIONS: Yd:YAG laser irradiation on bracket base increased SBS values, showing that bonding failure occurs at the enamel/adhesive interface. Laser-etched bracket base may be used instead of conventional bases in cases where higher adhesion is required, reducing bracket-bonding failure.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Láseres de Estado Sólido , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Animales , Bovinos , Humanos , Metales , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
13.
Braz Dent J ; 31(1): 52-56, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159706

RESUMEN

The present study was evaluated the effect of different light activation and thermocycling methods on the shear bond strength (SBS) and on the adhesive remnant index (ARI) of metal brackets bonded to feldspathic ceramic. Hundred metal brackets were bonded to 20 porcelain cylinders, divided into four groups (n=25) based on light activation and thermocycling processes. The cylinders were etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 60 s and coated with two layers of silane. The brackets were bonded with Transbond XT composite resin. Light activation in Groups 1 and 3 was performed during 3 s using the VALO Ortho Cordless appliance with irradiance 3,200 mW/cm2 and in Groups 2 and 4 for 40 s using Optilight Max appliance with irradiance 1,200 mW/cm². The samples were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 24 h and the samples from Groups 1 and 2 were submitted to the SBS test at a rate of 1 mm/min, whereas the samples from Groups 3 and 4 were submitted to 7,000 thermal cycles (5°/55°C) before to the SBS test. The data were assessed by two-way analysis of variance and by Tukey's test (a=0.05). No significant difference was observed between SBS means in the different light activation devices used. The samples subjected to thermocycling revealed lower SBS values (p≤0.05). There was predominance of score 0 for ARI in all groups. Therefore, the different light activation methods did not interfere in SBS, but thermocycling reduced SBS.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Cementos Dentales , Porcelana Dental , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
14.
Waste Manag ; 105: 540-549, 2020 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146415

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to investigate how addition of high-moisture waste (HMW) affects the hydraulic and mechanical behavior of municipal solid waste (MSW). Direct shear and hydraulic conductivity tests were conducted on MSW, HMW, and MSW-HMW mixtures prepared with HMW contents ranging from 20% to 80% (by total mass). Direct shear tests were conducted at normal stress between 22 and 168 kPa and hydraulic conductivity tests were conducted at vertical effective stresses of approximately 50, 100, and 200 kPa. A threshold HMW content of 40% was identified corresponding to substantial change in friction angle and hydraulic conductivity of the mixtures. Municipal solid waste and MSW-HMW mixtures with less than 40% HMW had friction angles between 29° and 32° and hydraulic conductivities greater than or equal to 1.3 × 10-6 m/s. At HMW contents above 40%, the friction angle and hydraulic conductivity decreased with increasing HMW content. At 80% HMW, the hydraulic and mechanical behavior of the MSW-HMW mixture was comparable to HMW. The HMW had a friction angle of approximately 2° and hydraulic conductivity of 1.1 × 10-11 m/s at a vertical effective stress of 50 kPa. Additional direct shear tests conducted on MSW and MSW-HMW mixtures soaked in water to simulate subsequent wetting post disposal revealed a decrease in friction angle from approximately 29° to 24° for MSW mixed with 40% HMW.


Asunto(s)
Eliminación de Residuos , Residuos Sólidos , Conductividad Eléctrica , Resistencia al Corte , Instalaciones de Eliminación de Residuos , Agua
15.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(1): 47-52, 2020 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075711

RESUMEN

Purpose: Erosive tooth wear often leads to surface loss requiring restoration of primary teeth with adhesive materials. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microshear bond strength (µSBS) of different adhesive systems to sound and eroded primary enamel and dentin surfaces. Methods: Half of the samples underwent erosion (immersion in Coca-Cola for one minute five times over five days) and abrasion cycles (brushing with an electric toothbrush, fluoride toothpaste slurry, for one minute at 250 g load). Samples were divided into adhesive groups (n equals 12): Adper Single Bond 2 (etch-and-rinse); Single Bond Universal (self-etch); Optibond FL (etch-and-rinse with fluoride); and Bond-Force (self-etch with fluoride). Resin composite was bonded on sample surfaces and subjected to µSBS test. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance, Tukey test, and chi-square test (P<0.05). The failure mode was determined using a stereomicroscope under 20X magnification. Results: No difference was found between the eroded and sound enamel and dentin (P≥ 0.05) on µSBS test. The failure mode evaluation showed significant differences between sound and eroded dentin (P=0.003) but no difference among the adhesives (P=0.177). Conclusions: Micro-shear bond strength in primary enamel and dentin was not affected by erosion/abrasion or type of adhesive system.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Esmalte Dental , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte
16.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(1): 79-84, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030378

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To use shear bond strength (SBS) testing to determine the effect of surface moisture and smear layer thickness on the adhesion of self-adhesive restorative materials and a universal adhesive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One single-step self-etch universal adhesive, Prime & Bond Active (PA), was used to bond Ceram.x Spectra ST HV composite resin to dentin and enamel using the self-etching technique. Three commercially available restorative materials and one newly developed material with self-adhesive properties, Activa (A), Fuji II LC(F), Equia Forte (E), and ASAR-MP4 (S), respectively, were also bonded to enamel and dentin prepared moist and dry and to dentin prepared with a thick smear layer. Shear bond testing was performed using an Ultradent bonding apparatus. RESULTS: The universal adhesive generated the highest SBS to dentin and enamel, followed by the newly developed material. None of the materials tested were significantly affected by the moisture conditions on enamel or dentin. The thickness of smear layer significantly affected SBS to dentin for S, F, and E. However, S and F still exhibited higher shear bond strength to dentin with the thicker smear layer compared to the other self-adhesive materials. Only the universal adhesive in self-etch mode was not affected by the thicker smear layer and maintained significantly higher SBS. CONCLUSION: None of the materials tested were affected by bonding to overdried dentin or enamel. All of the self-adhesive materials exhibited lower SBS to specimens with a thicker smear layer. The newly developed material ASAR-MP4 compared favorably to the other self-adhesive materials tested under all test conditions.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Capa de Barro Dentinario , Cementos Dentales , Dentina , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Desecación , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte
17.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(1): 99-105, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030380

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To use shear bond strength (SBS) and shear fatigue strength (SFS) testing to determine the durability of adhesion of self-adhesive restorative materials compared to composite resin bonded with a universal adhesive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A universal adhesive, Prime & Bond Active, was used in self-etch mode to bond Z-100 composite resin to enamel and dentin. Three commercially available restorative materials and one experimental material with self-adhesive properties, Activa (A), Fuji II LC(F), and Equia Forte (E) and ASAR-MP4 (S) were also bonded to enamel and dentin. The SBS and SFS were determined for all materials. A staircase method was used to determine the SFS with 10 Hz frequency for 50,000 cycles or until failure occurred. RESULTS: On enamel, S generated similar values to the adhesive/composite materials and higher values than F, E, and A. On dentin, the composite/universal adhesive showed significantly higher SBS and SFS than the self-adhesive materials. S, F, and E generated higher values than A on dentin. CONCLUSION: SBS and SFS values to enamel were similar for all materials tested except Activa which generated lower enamel values. On dentin surfaces, the self-adhesive materials generated similar SBS and SFS, with the exception of Activa. Those values were lower than that generated with composite resin and a universal adhesive.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Grabado Ácido Dental , Cementos Dentales , Esmalte Dental , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Dentina , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte
18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032411

RESUMEN

In order to obtain a more-natural esthetic prothesis, the use of hybrid abutments is becoming widespread in implant dentistry. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the effects of different surface treatments, as well as the effects of different combinations of surface treatments and cementation protocols, on the shear bond strength between titanium alloy disks and lithium disilicate glass-ceramics. Forty titanium-alloy disks (4 × 6.6 mm) were fabricated using computer-aided designed/computer-assisted manufacturing, and an identical number of lithium disilicate glass-ceramic disks of similar sizes were fabricated by a heat-pressing technique to be attached to the titanium disks. The specimens from each material group were divided into two groups (n = 20 each) according to the surface treatment type: alumina airborne-particle abrasion or etching with hydrofluoric acid. Each group was then divided into two subgroups (n = 10) depending on the resin-cement type: Multilink Hybrid Abutment Cement (Ivoclar Vivadent) or PANAVIA SA Cement Plus (Kuraray). After thermocycling (5,000 cycles), a shear bond strength (SBS) test was conducted using a universal testing machine. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of one-way analysis of variance and unpaired tests (P < .05). Statistically, the highest SBS values were obtained using airborne-particle abrasion. The surface treatment of titanium alloys by sandblasting led to a higher SBS compared to etching with hydrofluoric acid. The cement type also had a significant influence on SBS results.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Titanio , Aleaciones , Cerámica , Porcelana Dental , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
19.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 4, 2020 Feb 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037477

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Fluorescent agents are added to orthodontic adhesives with the aim of making them visible under ultraviolet (UV) light, which ensures the complete, safe removal of remnants after orthodontic treatment. However, it is necessary to evaluate if the mechanical strength of these materials is maintained. Therefore, this study evaluated whether the addition of fluorescent agents influences the shear bond strength and clinical performance of a UV light-sensitive adhesive system. METHODS: This study consisted of two stages: (1) In vitro phase: 40 human teeth were selected, divided at random into 2 groups (n = 20), according to the adhesive system used: UV group-adhesive with fluorescent agent, and control group-conventional adhesive. A shear bond strength test was performed using a DL 2000 universal testing machine, at a speed of 0.5 mm/min. The accessories were removed and an evaluation of the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) was carried out. (2) Clinical phase: 8 patients were selected and had their appliances bonded using the split-mouth design (160 teeth) with the same tested adhesive systems (UV, n = 80; control, n = 80). The patients were monitored for bonding failure for a period of 24 months. Statistical analysis was performed using the Independent t test, chi-squared tests, and Mann-Whitney test, at a level of significance of 5% and confidence interval of 95%. RESULTS: Regarding the in vitro phase, the shear bond strength test yielded similar results in the two groups (p > 0.05) and the ARI showed statistically significant differences between the groups with a score of 1 being the most frequent ARI for both groups (70%). In addition, there was no clinical difference in terms of bonding failure between the groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The addition of fluorescent elements does not alter the mechanical strength and performance of the orthodontic adhesive and represents a viable alternative for clinical application.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Cementos Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Colorantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Estrés Mecánico
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e004, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022223

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to analyze the structural, morphological and mechanical properties of two different lithium disilicate glass-reinforced ceramics for CAD-CAM systems (IPS e.max CAD and Rosetta SM). Five methodologies were used for both ceramics: microstructure (n = 2) was analyzed using x-ray diffraction (XRD); morphological properties (n = 2) were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), with and without hydrofluoric etching; porosity (n = 3) was assessed using 3D micro-computed tomography (micro-CT); flexural strength was measured (n =1 0) using the three-point bending test; and bond strength was determined with self-adhesive resin cement (n = 10), using a microshear bond test. After performing all the tests, the data were analyzed using t-Student test and two-way ANOVA. All the tests used a significance level of α = 0.05. High peak positions corresponding to standard lithium metasilicate and lithium disilicate with similar intensities were observed for both ceramics in the XRD analysis. Morphological analysis showed that the crystalline structure of the two ceramics studied showed no statistical difference after acid etching. Additionally, no significant differences were recorded in the number or size of the pores for the ceramics evaluated. Moreover, no differences in flexural strength were found for the ceramic materials tested, or in the bond strength to ceramic substrates for the resin cements. Based on the study results, no significant differences were found between the two CAD-CAM lithium disilicate glass-reinforced ceramics tested, since they presented similar crystalline structures with comparable intensities, and similar total porosity, flexural strength and bond strength.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica/química , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Porcelana Dental/química , Vidrio/química , Análisis de Varianza , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Resistencia Flexional , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Porosidad , Valores de Referencia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Cementos de Resina/química , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie , Difracción de Rayos X
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