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1.
Res Social Adm Pharm ; 19(1): 133-143, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038458

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are positioned to improve access to medications through their ever-expanding role as prescribers, with this role becoming more pronounced during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVES: Our research aimed to determine the extent of self-reported pharmacist prescribing pre-COVID-19 and during the COVID-19 pandemic, to identify barriers and facilitators to pharmacist prescribing, and to explore the relationship between these factors and self-reported prescribing activity. METHODS: A questionnaire based on the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDFv2) assessing self-reported prescribing was electronically distributed to all direct patient care pharmacists in NS (N = 1338) in July 2020. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used to examine temporal differences in self-reported prescribing activity. TDFv2 responses were descriptively reported as positive (agree/strongly agree), neutral (uncertain), and negative (strongly disagree/disagree) based on the 5-point Likert scale assessing barriers and facilitators to prescribing from March 2020 onward (i.e., 'during' COVID-19). Simple logistic regression was used to measure the relationship between TDFv2 domain responses and self-reported prescribing activity. RESULTS: A total of 190 pharmacists (14.2%) completed the survey. Over 98% of respondents reported prescribing at least once per month in any of the approved prescribing categories, with renewals being the most common activity reported. Since the pandemic, activity in several categories of prescribing significantly increased, including diagnosis supported by protocol (29.0% vs. 58.9%, p < 0.01), minor and common ailments (25.3% vs 34.7%, p = 0.03), preventative medicine (22.1% vs. 33.2%, p < 0.01). Amongst the TDFv2 domains, Beliefs about Consequences domain had the largest influence on prescribing activity (OR = 3.13, 95% CI 1.41-6.97, p < 0.01), with Social Influences (OR = 2.85, 95% CI 1.42-5.70, p < 0.01) being the next most influential. CONCLUSION: Self-reported prescribing by direct patient care community pharmacists in Nova Scotia increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly for government-funded services. Key barriers to address, and facilitators to support pharmacist prescribing were identified and can be used to inform future interventions.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Farmacéuticos , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiología , Pandemias , Autoinforme , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Rol Profesional , Prescripciones de Medicamentos
2.
Res Social Adm Pharm ; 19(1): 102-109, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127239

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence of pharmacists providing free or partially subsidised patient-focused services in order to meet healthcare needs. Limited information exists about the types of unfunded services and their value. OBJECTIVES: (1) Identify the types of unfunded services provided nationally in New Zealand (NZ) and (2) Determine the costs associated with service provision. METHODS: A continuous observation time-motion study was conducted across New Zealand to characterise the provision of unfunded pharmacy services and the labour costs associated with their provision. The time-motion study spanned one business day (between seven to eight hours) in each participating pharmacy. The primary investigator (YA) spent one business day in each participating pharmacy (n = 51) and recorded details about the patient-focused services that were provided. Details included the type of service provided, approximate duration of the service and out-of-pocket costs borne by the patient. RESULTS: A total of 660 observations of unfunded services were recorded across the 51 pharmacies where 360 observation hours were carried out. Twenty-three types of unfunded services were identified, where minor ailments accounted for over half of the total observations. Labour costs associated with service provision were variable. CONCLUSION: Pharmacies across New Zealand are providing patient-focused services for which no funding is being provided.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia , Farmacias , Humanos , Farmacéuticos , Atención a la Salud , Nueva Zelanda , Rol Profesional
3.
Res Social Adm Pharm ; 19(1): 155-166, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35995694

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are in the position to contribute to fall prevention, but this is not yet common practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a community pharmacy-based fall prevention service. METHODS: A fall prevention service, consisting of a fall risk screening and assessment including a medication review, was implemented in pharmacies during three months. A preparative online training was provided to the pharmacy team to enhance adoption of the service. Included patients were aged ≥70 years, using ≥5 drugs of which ≥1 fall risk-increasing drug. The implementation process was quantitively assessed by registering medication adaptations, recommendations, and referrals. Changes in patient scores on the Short Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) and a fall prevention knowledge test were documented at one month follow-up. Implementation was qualitatively evaluated by conducting semi-structured interviews with pharmacists before and after the project, based on the consolidated framework of implementation research. RESULTS: The service was implemented in nine pharmacies and 91 consultations were performed. Medication was adapted of 32 patients. Patients' short FES-I scores were significantly higher at follow-up (p = 0.047) and patients' knowledge test scores did not differ (p = 0.86). Pharmacists experienced the following barriers: lack of time, absence of staff, and limited multidisciplinary collaboration. Facilitators were training, motivated staff, patient engagement, and project scheduling. CONCLUSION: The service resulted in a substantial number of medication adaptations and lifestyle recommendations, but many barriers were identified that hamper the sustained implementation of the service.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia , Farmacias , Humanos , Accidentes por Caídas/prevención & control , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Farmacéuticos , Rol Profesional
5.
Br Dent J ; 233(9): 721-725, 2022 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369551

RESUMEN

Head and neck cancer is a rare disease and general dental practitioners (GDPs) are at the forefront of head and neck assessment for malignancy in the community. Having an awareness of the signs and symptoms with which head and neck cancers can present promotes earlier diagnosis and increases the potential for better prognosis and quality of life. This article will outline the head and neck cancer pathway from presentation, diagnosis and management planning, to treatment and beyond. This should help to give GDPs insight into the process their patients will experience while under the care of the multidisciplinary team and enable them to give patients returning to primary care the best support. This article is part of a larger series that will explore each facet of care in greater detail to give a significantly greater understanding of the pathway.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Odontólogos , Rol Profesional , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/terapia
6.
Br Dent J ; 233(9): 731-736, 2022 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369553

RESUMEN

Surgery remains an important, often primary, treatment modality in the management of head and neck cancers (HNCs). Malignant disease of the oral cavity, oropharynx and larynx may all be treated by surgery alone, or in combination with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy.Recent decades have seen significant advances in the surgical management of HNC. Refinement of surgical technique (particularly in microvascular surgery), improved training standards, advances in peri-operative care and more recent innovations, including transoral robotic surgery, have resulted in better survival and quality of life outcomes.This paper provides the dental practitioner with an overview of common surgical procedures used in the management of HNC, with an emphasis on the management of squamous cell cancers affecting the oral cavity, oropharynx and larynx. Throughout, there is an emphasis on the implications for the dental team of cancer and its surgical management, at each of these anatomical sites.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Humanos , Odontólogos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirugía , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamiento farmacológico , Calidad de Vida , Terapia Combinada , Rol Profesional , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/cirugía
7.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 769, 2022 Nov 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352419

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Workload of healthcare providers may affect the quality of healthcare. Practical evidences have indicated that healthcare providers are differentially associated with workload due to their different education and training background. Clinical pharmacists are an indispensable part of medical teams. Under the precondition that clinical pharmacists in China generally undertake uneven clinical pharmacy workload, the relationship of workload and clinical pharmacists' different education backgrounds remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the association between the education background of clinical pharmacists and their clinical pharmacy workload in China. METHODS: A field questionnaire survey using a stratified sampling was conducted to gather data on education background and clinical pharmacy workload through a self-developed instrument. Ordinary least squares regression was used to evaluate the association of the participants' education background with their clinical pharmacy workload. RESULTS: A total of 625 clinical pharmacists from 311 tertiary hospitals in China participated. Two levels of education: less than bachelor's degree in general pharmacy, or doctoral degree in clinical pharmacy was associated significantly with clinical pharmacy workload of the participants. Participants who had credentials of national level and provincial-level specialized training for clinical pharmacists had undertaken more work than those without. Moreover, the participants' specialized field, such as respiratory medicine and nephrology, was associated with their clinical pharmacy workload. CONCLUSION: Enhancing several aspects of education or training among clinical pharmacists in tertiary hospitals in China may help improve their capability to provide clinical pharmacy services. Efforts are needed to improve the education and training system of clinical pharmacists in China.


Asunto(s)
Servicio de Farmacia en Hospital , Farmacia , Humanos , Farmacéuticos , Carga de Trabajo , Centros de Atención Terciaria , China , Rol Profesional
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361404

RESUMEN

The Act on the Pharmacist Profession, adopted on 10 December 2020, is a breakthrough for the entire community of pharmacists in Poland. Due to the scope of the changes introduced in the Act, the question is whether pharmacists in Poland are suitably prepared for pharmaceutical care and clinical pharmacy services. The main aim of the study is to assess the readiness of hospital pharmacists to introduce changes in the way the profession functions. The result of the study is the presentation of the concept of a new model of pharmacist functioning in healthcare entities and the indication of actions necessary to carry out such a change. The questionnaire was addressed to all hospital pharmacists in Poland. Two hundred and seventy-seven hospital pharmacists were included in the research. The analysis of the data revealed that almost all (96.1%) respondents indicated the need to introduce changes to the model of functioning of pharmacists in medical entities. Two-thirds of pharmacists declared readiness to start work to introduce changes. Hospital pharmacists recognize the importance of clinical pharmacy in their current practice; however, the biggest barrier is the lack of financing, an insufficient number of staff, a lack of knowledge and skills, and a lack of tools to use the service.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia , Servicio de Farmacia en Hospital , Humanos , Farmacéuticos , Polonia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Hospitales , Rol Profesional , Actitud del Personal de Salud
9.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 498, 2022 11 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384488

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) remains a challenge for clinicians underlining the gap in the literature regarding the condition. The study aimed to record knowledge and attitudes of Greek dentists regarding diagnosis and treatment of MIH and correlate findings with non-dental characteristics. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire consisting of 37 multiple-choice questions. Data regarding diagnosis, aetiopathogenesis, and clinical management of MIH were collected from active members of three Greek Dental Associations. Chi-square and student's t-test were used to correlate responses with practitioners' characteristics and odds ratios calculated to evaluate differences on treatment of MIH-affected teeth (p < 0.05). RESULTS: From the 360 participants (response rate = 94%), 185 were general dental practitioners (GDPs) and 175 dental specialists (59 paediatric dentists (PDs), 38 orthodontists and 78 of other specialties).MIH was commonly encountered as a clinical problem, with GDPs reporting genetics and fluoride intake as common aetiological factors at significantly higher percentages as compared to PDs (p < 0.05). Permanent molars and incisors (44%) were the teeth most commonly affected, with yellow/brown demarcated opacities (68%) the most common clinical feature with PDs reporting them in a significantly higher percentage (p < 0.05). Dentists with specialisation, dentists that treat > 10 children per week and children with MIH-affected teeth had a 2-5.5 times greater probability to report difficulty achieving sufficient anaesthesia and hypersensitivity problems (p < 0.001). Agreement between GDPs' and dental specialists' views was found on less invasive treatment of anterior lesions. Non-PDs reported bulk-fill restorations and onlays as the ideal treatment of severely-affected posterior teeth, as compared to PDs that preferred preformed metal crowns (p < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the age of the clinician, years of experience and number of children treated per week were the factors significantly associated with the decision for the treatment of only severely-affected posterior MIH teeth. CONCLUSIONS: Most participants had encountered MIH-affected teeth in their clinical practice and were able to recognize main aetiological factors and clinical findings related to the condition. Nevertheless, their knowledge regarding treatment is limited.


Asunto(s)
Hipoplasia del Esmalte Dental , Odontólogos , Niño , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Grecia , Rol Profesional , Hipoplasia del Esmalte Dental/diagnóstico , Hipoplasia del Esmalte Dental/terapia
10.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 509, 2022 11 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397044

RESUMEN

Oral health is a window to a patient's general well-being. Balance in oral microbiome functions is crucial for health maintenance. A state of oral dysbiosis may lead to a variety of local and systemic pathological conditions. The presence of dental plaque is related to the majority of oral infections. Proper oral hygiene is crucial and the most economic practice contributing to oral health prophylaxis. Aside from prophylactic treatments provided by dental practitioners, mouth rinses, containing antimicrobial agents, are one of the possible tools used for oral care. Our study was to determine whether available mouth rinses and selected products dedicated for professional use are efficient to eradicate biofilm formed by reference and clinical strains of Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus mitis, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Candida albicans on the surface of hydroxyapatite - major mineral component of a tooth. Therefore, such antimicrobials as chlorhexidine, cetylpyridine chloride, polyhexanide, silver nanoparticles, sulphonated phenolics, and natural antiplaque essential oils and coconut oil were analyzed. Applied experimental settings in in vitro models were designed to reflect accurately the recommended use of the tested substances, therefore four types of eradication procedure were conducted. Sialorrhea simulation was also performed to evaluate antibiofilm potential of diluted mouth rinses. Biofilm was investigated with quantitative method where absorbance values were measured. Statistical differences were assessed using the Kruskal-Wallis test with a post-hoc Dunnett's analysis. Results have shown that biofilms displayed a diversified sensitivity to the tested antimicrobials. The highest antibiofilm activity was detected for cetylpyridine chloride while the lowest for chlorhexidine. However the differences in E. faecalis biofilm reduction observed after the use of these two compounds were not statistically significant (p > 0.05), whereas all observed differences in S. aureus survival after exposure to the examined antimicrobial agents were statistically significant (p < 0.5). The PHMB, both in standard and in sialorrhea simulated conditions had the highest potential against streptococci. The coconut oil reduced C. albicans fungus biofilm by 65.48% but low eradication level was observed in case of bacterial biofilms. The dehydrating mechanism of action of sulfonated phenolics turned out to be ineffective against streptococcal biofilm which in turn was effectively eradicated by silver nanoparticles. The implementation of Antibiofilm Dressing's Activity Measurement method allowed to observe strain-related differences in terms of antimicrobial sensitivity. The obtained results may be introduced in everyday out-patient dental plaque prophylaxis as well as clinical environment.


Asunto(s)
Antiinfecciosos , Placa Dental , Nanopartículas del Metal , Sialorrea , Humanos , Clorhexidina/farmacología , Clorhexidina/uso terapéutico , Antisépticos Bucales/farmacología , Antisépticos Bucales/uso terapéutico , Staphylococcus aureus , Salud Bucal , Placa Dental/prevención & control , Plata/farmacología , Plata/uso terapéutico , Aceite de Coco , Cloruros , Odontólogos , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Rol Profesional , Biopelículas , Antiinfecciosos/farmacología
11.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 501, 2022 11 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384520

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Informed consent is grounded in the principle of autonomy and represents patients' right to participate in clinical decisions regarding their treatment. It is equally an ethical and legal requirement in dental care. The dental practitioner must offer appropriate information about all aspects of the treatment and ensure that a patient understands and makes an informed decision. There is limited literature on informed consent for dental care in Uganda. This study assessed patients' comprehension of the informed consent process and dental practitioners' practices in obtaining informed consent. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in the Dental Outpatient Department of Mulago Hospital. Two separate questionnaires were employed to collect data from dental patients and dental practitioners, respectively. Data were entered into Epi-data, coded, and imported into STATA 14 for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Overall, the level of patients' comprehension of the informed consent process was 91.1%, with 96.3% who felt the dental practitioners satisfactorily explained to them the treatment received and, 65.1% understood very well the information given to them. About 93.5% of the patients confessed that they were given other options of treatment while 98.5% consented before the dental practitioners started treatment. Most dental practitioners 94.7% followed good clinical practices in obtaining informed consent and 98.7% gave information before initiation of treatment while 85.3% obtained consent from patients before starting any procedures. However, only 5.3% of the dental practitioners obtained written informed consent from patients. CONCLUSION: There is a need to devise ways of improving patients' understanding of the treatment information given to them to support them make better and informed decisions regarding their care. Dental practitioners need to put more emphasis on the use of written consent in dental care because documentation helps in providing accountability and protects dentists from medical litigation in case the patients were to sue them for any treatment-related complications.


Asunto(s)
Atención Odontológica , Odontólogos , Rol Profesional , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Hospitales , Consentimiento Informado , Uganda , Servicios de Salud Dental
12.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 458, 2022 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319993

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Silver Diammine Fluoride (SDF) is a topical medication used to arrest cavitated carious lesions non-invasively. The primary aim was to investigate, and analyse the relationships between; knowledge, attitudes and practises (including barriers and facilitators) for SDF use in the management of dental caries by general dental practitioners (GDPs) and paediatric dentists (PDs) in the Netherlands. A secondary aim was to explore any differences in these, between these groups. METHODS: A randomly selected sample of 600 Dutch GDPs (out of 9,502 respectively) and all 57 registered Dutch PDs were invited to participate in this cross-sectional survey, consisting of four sections: (1) participant characteristics, (2) knowledge (through responses to summative questions), (3) attitudes (through statement agreement using 5-point Likert scale), and (4) practises, use, barriers and facilitators (through multiple choice questions). RESULTS: The response rates were: GDPs 23% (n = 140) and PDs 47% (n = 27). Knowledge: out of 15 questions to test understanding of SDF, the mean number of correct answers were GDPs 6.7; standard deviation (SD) 2.6 and PDs 7.4, SD 2.2 with no significant difference. The mean overall attitude score showed positive attitudes towards SDF use for both groups. Compared to GDPs, PDs were more likely to use SDF (p < 0.001) and expected to increase their use (p = 0.037). The main barrier for users was parental acceptance (47%) and for non-users it was lack of knowledge (60%). The main facilitator for both users and non-users was gaining knowledge through courses and workshops, followed by written information leaflets about SDF for parents. CONCLUSION: Less than half of the knowledge questions about SDF were answered correctly. Despite low knowledge, attitude towards SDF use was positive. Practitioners believed that its use would be facilitated by professionals having more accessible information and training and by the availability of parent information leaflets. Furthermore, SDF is used more frequently by PDs than GDPs.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Odontólogos , Niño , Humanos , Fluoruros/uso terapéutico , Caries Dental/tratamiento farmacológico , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estudios Transversales , Países Bajos , Rol Profesional , Fluoruros Tópicos/uso terapéutico , Compuestos de Plata/uso terapéutico , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario/uso terapéutico , Cariostáticos/uso terapéutico
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231733

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Due to a dearth of information on preventive and supportive oral care for people with Down Syndrome (PDS) in Germany, caregivers of PDS were surveyed on the topic. METHODS: An anonymized questionnaire was sent to the 610 members of the German Down Syndrome Association. The study was approved by the ethics committee of Witten/Herdecke University (# 165/2017). RESULTS: The parents/caregivers of 207 PDS responded. These PDS were between 1 and 55 years old (mean age 24.4 years) and included 111 males and 96 females. At their first dental appointment, 40.7% (n = 82) had been younger than three years. Although 78.3% (n = 162) tooth brushed twice daily, only 30.9% (n = 64) brushed for 2-3 min; 84.0% (n = 135) did not use other dental hygiene products apart from toothbrushes. Age-specific differences were found: Although only 30.8% (n = 12) of PDS < 18 years (n = 39) independently performed dental self-care; this was 67.3% (n = 113) for PDS ≥ 18 years (n = 168). A statistically significant (p < 0.001; Chi-Square-Test) difference in toothbrush preferences emerged: While PDS < 18 years mainly used manual toothbrushes, PDS ≥ 18 years preferred electric toothbrushes. In contrast to 72.6% of PDS ≥ 18 years, only 51.3% of PDS < 18 years accepted most types of toothpaste. CONCLUSIONS: Age-dependent differences in tooth brushing behaviour became evident within the group of PDS in Germany. Hence, better age-specific, inter-professional dental prophylaxis concepts need to be developed and offered for all age groups of PDS. These concepts should include personalized check-up intervals and hands-on instruction in dental hygiene procedures by dental practitioners.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Down , Pastas de Dientes , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Atención a la Salud , Odontólogos , Femenino , Alemania/epidemiología , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Salud Bucal , Rol Profesional , Cepillado Dental , Pastas de Dientes/uso terapéutico , Adulto Joven
14.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(7): e758-e761, 2022 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36201693

RESUMEN

Ectopic maxillary third molar teeth can often be located in the maxillary sinus, and the region necessarily requires a multidisciplinary approach due to its proximity to the oral cavity. Ectopic third molar tooth in the maxillary sinus was detected by oral and radiological examination in a 26-year-old male patient. The tooth was removed, and sinus augmentation was performed through the Caldwell-Luc procedure, and a dental implant was placed afterward. The treatment was ended by making a prosthetic metal-supported ceramic crown. Both removals of the ectopic tooth from the maxillary sinus, sinus augmentation, and implant operation can be achieved in a single operation of a single-window opened in the bone. As a result, because of the adjacency of the regions in operations related to the maxillary sinus, both the dental practitioner and the otolaryngologist should evaluate the operation, and multidisciplinary work should be done when necessary.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Diente Supernumerario , Adulto , Odontólogos , Humanos , Masculino , Seno Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Seno Maxilar/cirugía , Tercer Molar/diagnóstico por imagen , Tercer Molar/cirugía , Rol Profesional
15.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275627, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228028

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic created unprecedented pressures on healthcare systems and led to the widespread adoption of telepharmacy services, a practice that was not previously established in the state of Qatar. OBJECTIVE: The -study aimed to explore clinical pharmacists' (CPs) perspectives and experiences in utilizing telepharmacy for the provision of pharmaceutical care during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A descriptive, qualitative approach using face-to-face focus group (FG) discussions was used. CPs across Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) were purposively invited to participate in the study. FG discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and validated. Transcripts were analyzed using inductive thematic analysis. Recruitment continued until a saturation point was achieved. RESULTS: We conducted five focus groups that included 23 CPs and led to seven themes. Overall, CPs reported inadequate preparedness for the practice of telepharmacy, which they perceived as challenging. The primary perceived benefits of telepharmacy were decreased infection exposure risk, improved quality of care, improved patients' satisfaction, and enhanced workplace efficiency and productivity. The main highlighted risks of telepharmacy were related to threatened patient confidentiality, missed pharmaceutical care opportunities, and negatively impacted professional rapport with other healthcare providers; and the major perceived challenges were low digital health literacy, complex illnesses and medication regimens, lack of standardized protocols, and inadequacy of resources and cultural resistance for virtual care. Participants recommended standardization and training, resource allocation, and proper service promotion as potential facilitators of telepharmacy practice. CONCLUSION: The current study revealed that despite perceived barriers, pharmacists identified several benefits of telepharmacy and recommended potential facilitators that should be used to integrate and sustain the practice of telepharmacy in the future. Future studies should investigate the impact of telepharmacy on clinical pharmacy interventions and patient outcomes.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia , Servicio de Farmacia en Hospital , Actitud del Personal de Salud , COVID-19/epidemiología , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Pandemias , Farmacéuticos , Rol Profesional , Qatar/epidemiología
16.
Dent Med Probl ; 59(3): 451-460, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206495

RESUMEN

The prevalence of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is increasing around the world. At least one in 10 individuals in the general population has been diagnosed with DH. It is a diagnosis that has significant negative effects on a person's oral health-related quality of life. This condition, which is characterized by sharp, short tooth pain in response to thermal, chemical, tactile, and evaporative stimuli, is more commonly seen in adults. DH has a tremendous impact on the social and financial aspects of patients and society at large. It is essential to recognize the factors that can contribute to a successful treatment outcome to guarantee the overall well-being of DH patients. The aim of this narrative review was to highlight strategies that can lead to successful DH treatment outcomes, along with current updates on DH mechanisms, treatment options, and the latest management approaches. A positive treatment outcome for DH requires a concerted effort from both the patient and the dental practitioner. Highly motivated patients and dental practitioners with sound knowledge of DH diagnosis and available treatment options will ensure successful long-term improvement of DH symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Sensibilidad de la Dentina , Adulto , Sensibilidad de la Dentina/tratamiento farmacológico , Sensibilidad de la Dentina/epidemiología , Odontólogos , Humanos , Rol Profesional , Calidad de Vida , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1295, 2022 Oct 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36307843

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In the prevention and treatment of hypertension, patient education is an important measure to improve the awareness rate and control rate of patients. The professional and geographical advantages of community pharmacists enable them to play an important role in the patient education in hypertension. The purpose of this study was to understand the situation of patient education in hypertension conducted in Chinese community pharmacies, and put forward measures according to the problems. METHODS: A multi-stage competitive sampling by convenience was used to select community pharmacists working in community pharmacies in China for the study. Based on KAP theory, the first draft of the questionnaire was designed and the Delphi method was used to improve the questionnaire and a pre-study was conducted to test the reliability of the questionnaire. In January 2020, electronic questionnaires were distributed to 143 community pharmacists in Chinese community pharmacies. SPSS24 software was used for descriptive statistics and subgroup analysis of data. RESULTS: One hundred and eight valid questionnaires were collected, and the efficiency rate was 75.5%. Most of the respondents were younger than 30 years old (98.1%), and had bachelor's degree (95.4%). In terms of knowledge, only 15.7% considered themselves "very good" and even 10.2% considered themselves "very bad". Only 35%-55% of respondents answered correctly for patient education content that requires more specialized knowledge, such as treatment and medication. Respondents generally had a positive attitude on the effect of hypertension patient education, but slightly less recognition of their role in patient education. In terms of practice, programs related to patient education have been conducted to different degrees. More than 30% of the community pharmacists interviewed implemented them occasionally or never. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a positive attitude, most of the respondents did not have a high level of knowledge or practice. In China, more research evidence and new guidelines are needed to emphasize the importance and responsibilities of community pharmacists. Continuing education should be certificated at the national level and meet the various needs of community pharmacists. And salary incentives can be tried to motivate them.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia , Hipertensión , Humanos , Adulto , Farmacéuticos , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , China , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Rol Profesional
18.
Sr Care Pharm ; 37(11): 571-572, 2022 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36309765
19.
Sr Care Pharm ; 37(11): 534-535, 2022 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36309771
20.
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) ; 62(6): 1929-1945.e1, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36202712

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: As the COVID-19 pandemic spread across the United States, America's pharmacists and their teammates expanded their clinical services to help their communities from every practice setting: community and ambulatory care, inpatient, long-term care, academia, public health, and many others. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to begin to quantify contributions of U.S. pharmacists in providing clinical interventions that mitigate and control the pandemic. These interventions span the gamut of diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and support, intervening patient by patient with vaccines, diagnostic tests, convalescent plasma, monoclonal antibodies, antiviral medications, and supportive therapies. METHODS: Review of published literature, relevant web pages, and queries to national and state professional pharmacy associations and government agencies. RESULTS: From February 2020 through September 2022, pharmacists and their teammates conducted >42 million COVID-19 tests, provided >270 million vaccinations (including 8.1 million COVID-19 vaccinations for long-term care residents) within community pharmacy programs alone, and provided >50 million influenza and other vaccinations per year. Pharmacists plausibly accounted for >50% of COVID-19 vaccinations in the United States. Pharmacists prescribed, dispensed, and administered an uncounted number of antibody products and antiviral medications, including care for 5.4 million inpatients and innumerable outpatients. Using conservative estimates, pandemic interventions by pharmacists and teammates averted >1 million deaths, >8 million hospitalizations, and $450 billion in health care costs. CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacists and their teammates contributed to America's health and recovery during the COVID-19 pandemic by providing >350 million clinical interventions to >150 million people in the form of testing, parenteral antibodies, vaccinations, antiviral therapies, and inpatient care. The number of lives touched and people cared for by pharmacists continues to rise.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Farmacéuticos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Antivirales , Rol Profesional
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