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J Nurs Care Qual ; 37(1): 14-20, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446664


BACKGROUND: Percutaneous injuries from needlesticks are a major occupational hazard for nurses. LOCAL PROBLEM: Reducing subcutaneous insulin-related needlestick injuries was part of a nurse-led comprehensive sharps injury-reduction program at an integrated, not-for-profit health system. METHODS: The incident rate of needlestick injuries was compared between 1 year before and 1 year after introducing this quality improvement project. INTERVENTIONS: A system-wide educational program instituting changes in subcutaneous insulin administration practices was combined with supply chain standardization using a single type of safety-engineered insulin syringe. RESULTS: The average monthly incidence of needlestick injuries per 10 000 subcutaneous insulin injections fell significantly from year to year (incidence rate ratio, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.30-0.80; Poisson regression P = .004). One-year cost savings for supplies totaled $3500; additional annual median savings were $24 875 (2019 US dollars) in estimated costs of needlestick injuries averted. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of this multifaceted project provides a practical template to reduce subcutaneous insulin-related needlestick injuries.

Lesiones por Pinchazo de Aguja , Humanos , Incidencia , Insulina , Lesiones por Pinchazo de Aguja/epidemiología , Lesiones por Pinchazo de Aguja/prevención & control , Rol de la Enfermera , Mejoramiento de la Calidad
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e51932, jan.-dez. 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224598


Objetivo: analisar a produção do conhecimento sobre a experiência da família acerca dos cuidados paliativos da criança com câncer hospitalizada na unidade de terapia intensiva e discutir o papel da enfermagem no atendimento à família da criança com câncer frente aos cuidados paliativos. Método: revisão integrativa realizada na PUBMED, LILACS, SCOPUS, SCIELO e CINAHL entre janeiro e março de 2020. Resultados: a amostra foi composta por 13 artigos, originando duas categorias: O impacto do cuidado paliativo da criança com câncer na dinâmica familiar e o cuidado multiprofissional, em especial dos enfermeiros, à família da criança com câncer. Conclusão: os estudos revelaram o panorama nacional e internacional dos cuidados paliativos à criança com câncer e a desestruturação da dinâmica familiar nos aspectos físicos, sociais, psicológicos, e financeiros, caracterizando o período como estressante e doloroso. Os enfermeiros estabelecem condutas terapêuticas objetivando promover qualidade de vida para crianças em cuidados paliativos e seus familiares.

Objective: to examine production of knowledge on families' experience of palliative care for children with cancer hospitalized in an intensive care center and discuss the role of nursing in assisting the family of the child in palliative cancer care. Method: this integrative review was conducted on PubMed, LILACS, Scopus, SciELO and CINAHL between January and March 2020. Results: from the sample of 13 articles, two categories originated: The impact of palliative cancer care for children on family dynamics and multiprofessional care, especially by nurses, for the family of the child with cancer. Conclusion: the studies revealed the national and international panorama of palliative care for children with cancer and the breakdown of physical, social, psychological, and financial family dynamics, characterizing the period as stressful and painful. Nurses establish therapeutic approaches aimed at promoting quality of life for children in palliative care and their families.

Objetivo: analizar la producción de conocimiento sobre la experiencia familiar en los cuidados paliativos de niños con cáncer, hospitalizados en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, y discutir el papel de la enfermería en la asistencia a la familia del niño con cáncer frente a los cuidados paliativos. Método: Revisión integradora realizada en PUBMED, LILACS, SCOPUS, SCIELO y CINAHL entre enero y marzo de 2020. Resultados: La muestra estuvo conformada por 13 artículos, originando dos categorías: El impacto de los cuidados paliativos para niños con cáncer en la dinámica familiar y los cuidados multiprofesionales, especialmente de las enfermeras, a la familia del niño con cáncer. Conclusión: Los estudios revelaron el panorama nacional e internacional de los cuidados paliativos para niños con cáncer y la ruptura de la dinámica familiar en aspectos físicos, sociales, psicológicos y económicos, caracterizándolo como un período estresante y doloroso. Las enfermeras establecen enfoques terapéuticos dirigidos a promover la calidad de vida de los niños en cuidados paliativos y sus familias.

Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Cuidados Paliativos , Familia/psicología , Niño Hospitalizado , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Neoplasias/terapia , Rol de la Enfermera , Neoplasias/enfermería , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente
J Prof Nurs ; 37(5): 1018-1025, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742505


Nurses consistently stand out in extraordinary ways especially during a global crisis, recently confirmed in the current Covid-19 pandemic. What is opportune this time is the call for clarity around what nurses do and what society can expect from them. Nurses, as members of a global profession, need a platform to build a contemporary practice life. This paper proposes the model: The Exemplary Practice Life of the Nurse. It provides a framework to explicate the essence of the role of the nurse. The model posits four inter-related essential components or pillars that ground a nurse's behavior and commitment: professionalism, leadership, scholarly practice, and stewardship. This uncomplicated, straightforward model is universally applicable for nurses to apply in whatever roles they hold and at any point in their careers. The use of a holistic model, as a guide across a full career trajectory, supports the nurse's ability to prioritize individual pillars while understanding the inter-relationship and influence among the four pillars. The authors pose assumptions that form the basis of the registered nurse role and provide the foundation for the exemplary practice life of the nurse. They make recommendations to nurses, the profession, the workplace, the academy, and the community.

COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Liderazgo , Rol de la Enfermera , SARS-CoV-2
Assist Inferm Ric ; 40(3): 149-157, 2021.
Artículo en Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783318


. The family and community nurse-led proactive management of COPD patients: experience of an Italian health district. INTRODUCTION: Integrated care management for COPD may reduce healthcare utilisation, improving cost-efficiency. AIM: To assess the primary outcomes of a family and community nurse-led proactive management of COPD patients of an Italian health district. METHODS: Target population comprised men and women >60 years, resident in the municipalities of Collegno and Grugliasco (metropolitan area of Turin). Administrative databases (hospital discharge records, drug prescriptions, legal exemptions) were first used to identify patients with diagnosis of COPD; the cases were validated by the General Practitioners (GPs). The 335 patients were enrolled from July 1, 2015 to November 30, 2016. Family and community nurses were responsible for anamnesis, spirometry, assessment of adherence to therapy, counselling and healthy lifestyles education. GPs were responsible for the clinical staging and revision of therapy. Patients were followed-up to 12 months. RESULTS: Improvements were observed in smoking cessation (prevalence of smokers from 23.9% to 20%), BMI normalization (in 13.4% of patients out of standard), physical activity (from 32.5% to 64.5% of patients), and pneumococcal vaccinations (from 14.9% to 58%). The last two outcomes were statistically significant. Patients showed high levels of satisfaction; 12-months compliance was 62.1%. CONCLUSION: A family and community nurse-led proactive management of COPD patients in primary care is feasible and effective. Interventions should be structured, personalised and multi-component, oriented at motivating, engaging and supporting the patients. Positive results led to continue and extend the programme.

Médicos Generales , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Femenino , Humanos , Italia , Masculino , Rol de la Enfermera , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/tratamiento farmacológico
Nurs Clin North Am ; 56(4): 583-597, 2021 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749897


Pediatric obesity is a heterogeneous, chronic, relapsing disease associated with metabolic and psychosocial complications. Weight-based victimization, including unrelenting microaggressions, negatively impacts child mental and physical health. Evidence-based guidelines offer individualized, stepwise approaches to obesity treatment. Pediatric nurses positively impact children with obesity by providing affirmation, clinical management, and psychosocial support. Pediatric nurses are respected and positioned to present evidence-based obesity education, correct common obesity myths, sensitively address obesity-related bias and discrimination, and model person-first language and actions. This article shares how nurses in multiple practice areas can make a meaningful impact on the lives of children and adolescents with obesity.

Acoso Escolar/psicología , Rol de la Enfermera , Obesidad Pediátrica/epidemiología , Obesidad Pediátrica/psicología , Estigma Social , Adolescente , Niño , Víctimas de Crimen/psicología , Familia/psicología , Humanos , Obesidad Pediátrica/tratamiento farmacológico , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
Int Nurs Rev ; 68(4): 563-570, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755341


BACKGROUND: In 2020, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic forced the redesign of the International Council of Nurses' (ICN) Global Nursing Leadership Institute (GNLI) that heretofore had included an intensive, week-long residential experience in Geneva, Switzerland. AIM: This paper describes the development, implementation, challenges and preliminary outcomes of an approach that regionalized GNLI and delivered it online, while preserving some cross-regional connections among participants. RESULTS: A virtual approach to a global policy leadership programme cannot replace the richness of an intensive, concentrated residential one, but the redesign of GNLI has given ICN, its member national nursing associations and individual nurse leaders previously unexplored opportunities for networking and collaboration aligned with the six WHO regions, and for cross-region networking and discussions of global issues. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING AND/OR HEALTH POLICY: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has highlighted the need for nursing leadership in policy and practice. A virtual approach to leadership development can increase the reach of programmes that seek to build nursing's capacity to advance health-promoting policies in workplaces, organizations and nations.

COVID-19 , Consejo Internacional de Enfermeras , Humanos , Liderazgo , Rol de la Enfermera , Pandemias/prevención & control , SARS-CoV-2
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42: e20200314, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755803


OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the weaknesses of the nurse's practice in meeting spontaneous demands in primary care units in the city of Rio de Janeiro. METHOD: Qualitative study carried out in Rio de Janeiro, in 2016, with 20 nurses recruited unintentionally. The focus group and simple observation were applied, and data were subjected to thematic content analysis. RESULTS: The spontaneous demand service causes tensions and work overload. Nurses and community health agents are primarily responsible for organizing access. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: There was a lack of understanding of the practice of spontaneous demand as part of care management, in addition to a polysemy related to the term. While for some, welcoming practices means greater autonomy, incorporating a larger scope of actions related to care and expanding their clinical practice; for others, they represent a stage that precedes medical consultation and a disorganizing element of care.

Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Atención de Enfermería , Brasil , Humanos , Rol de la Enfermera , Atención Primaria de Salud , Investigación Cualitativa
Br J Nurs ; 30(21): S20-S27, 2021 Nov 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839689


Maintaining a healthy weight is a concern for a large proportion of adults in the UK, with obesity rates having almost doubled between 1993 and 2011. With overweight and obesity linked to several diseases and health conditions, nurses are often tasked with raising the subject with their clients/patients and advising on lifestyle modifications. This article examines ways to identify whether a person needs to lose weight and establishing targets. It then reviews the evidence base for different approaches to weight management currently available and the advice nurses can provide.

Rol de la Enfermera , Sobrepeso , Adulto , Terapia Conductista , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Obesidad/epidemiología , Obesidad/prevención & control
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(7, supl 1): 15-21, out. 2021. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1293170


Objetivo: Discutir as contribuições das competências e habilidades emocionais, identificadas no trabalho de enfermeiras e enfermeiros, em atuação em serviços da Rede de Atenção à Saúde, no município de João Pessoa - PB, para a qualificação do cuidado integral, afetuoso e humanizado ao indivíduo, família e comunidade. Método: Pesquisa de abordagem quantitativa e qualitativa, desenvolvida em serviços da Rede de Atenção à Saúde do município de João Pessoa ­ PB. Os dados foram coletados com base no Inventário de Educação Emocional Gonsalves (IEEG). Para o processamento dos dados utilizou-se o Epidemiological Information (EpiInfo), versão 3.5.2. Resultados: A partir da análise das respostas dos enfermeiros e enfermeiras pesquisados foram evidenciadas duas expressões de emoções: "empatia e o altruísmo". Conclusões: Dentre os núcleos de competências requeridas no trabalho de enfermagem, observa-se que para o núcleo "Cuidado de Enfermagem na Atenção à Saúde Humana", existem distintas assertivas que se sobressaem caracterizando a empatia e o altruísmo, a quais são potencializadoras das ações das enfermeiras e enfermeiros no exercício da prática profissional, sendo determinantes para a produção do cuidado integral, afetuoso e humanizado em saúde. (AU)

Objective: To discuss the contributions of emotional skills and abilities, identified in the work of nurses and nurses, working in services of the Health Care Network, in the city of João Pessoa - PB, for the qualification of comprehensive, affectionate and humanized care to the individual , family and community. Methods: Research with a quantitative and qualitative approach, developed in services of the Health Care Network in the city of João Pessoa - PB. Data were collected based on the Gonsalves Emotional Education Inventory (IEEG). For data processing, Epidemiological Information (EpiInfo), version 3.5.2 was used. Results: From the analysis of the responses of the nurses and nurses surveyed, two expressions of emotions were evidenced: "empathy and altruism". Conclusion: Among the core competencies required in nursing work, it is observed that for the core "Nursing Care in Human Health Care", there are different assertions that stand out characterizing empathy and altruism, which enhance actions nurses and nurses in the exercise of professional practice, being determinant for the production of comprehensive, affectionate and humanized health care. (AU)

Objetivo: Discutir las contribuciones de las habilidades y habilidades emocionales, identificadas en el trabajo de enfermeras y enfermeras, que trabajan en los servicios de la Red de Atención de Salud, en la ciudad de João Pessoa - PB, para la calificación de la atención integral, afectiva y humanizada para el individuo, la familia y la comunidad. Métodos: Investigación con enfoque cuantitativo y cualitativo, desarrollada en los servicios de la Red de Atención de la Salud de la ciudad de João Pessoa - PB. Los datos se recolectaron con base en el Inventario de Educación Emocional de Gonsalves (IEEG). Para el procesamiento de datos se utilizó Información Epidemiológica (EpiInfo), versión 3.5.2. Resultados: A partir del análisis de las respuestas de los enfermeros y enfermeros encuestados, se evidenciaron dos expresiones de emociones: "empatía y altruismo". Conclusion: Entre las competencias centrales requeridas en el trabajo de enfermería, se observa que para el núcleo "Atención de Enfermería en la Atención de la Salud Humana", se destacan diferentes aseveraciones que caracterizan la empatía y el altruismo, que potencian las acciones de enfermeras y enfermeras en el ejercicio de la profesión. práctica, siendo determinante para la producción de una atención de salud integral, afectuosa y humanizada. (AU)

Capacitación Profesional , Enfermería , Rol de la Enfermera , Atención a la Salud , Atención de Enfermería
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(7, supl 1): 140-146, out. 2021. graf, tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1337991


Objetivo: Descrever as etapas e resultados do Laboratório de Inovação em Enfermagem: Valorizar e Fortalecer a Saúde Universal, desenvolvido pela Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde e Conselho Federal de Enfermagem. Método: Relato de experiência do Laboratório de Inovação em Enfermagem, desenvolvido de agosto de 2019 a dezembro de 2020, com a descrição das três etapas do processo de seleção. Descrição da experiência: O Edital de Seleção priorizou dois temas: Valorização da enfermagem e Ampliação do escopo de práticas de enfermagem. Na 1ª etapa, 329 relatos foram inscritos. Desse total, 39 foram selecionados. Na 2ª. etapa, essas 39 experiências foram apresentadas em Seminário de Avaliação, tendo sido escolhidas 24 para a etapa seguinte. Na 3ª fase, esses projetos receberam visitas técnicas e 16 foram considerados os mais exitosos e inovadores. Considerações finais: A diversidade dos temas abordados nas experiências mostra a importância da enfermagem para a integralidade da atenção à saúde e ressalta quão amplo é o trabalho da enfermagem no SUS e a importância de iniciativas de fortalecimento e valorização destas experiências. (AU)

Objective: To describe the steps and results of the Innovation Laboratory in Nursing: Valuing and Strengthening Universal Health, developed by the Pan American Health Organization and the Federal Nursing Council. Methods: Experience report of the Nursing Innovation Laboratory, developed from August 2019 to December 2020, describing the three stage proccess. Results: The Selection Notice prioritized two themes: Valuing nursing and Expanding the scope of nursing practices. In the 1st stage, 329 reports were registered. Of this total, 39 were selected. On the 2nd. In this stage, these 39 experiences were presented in an Evaluation Seminar, and 24 were chosen for the next stage. In the 3rd phase, these projects were visited and 16 were considered the most successful and innovative. Conclusion: The diversity of themes addressed in the experiences shows the importance of nursing for comprehensive health care and highlights how broad the work of nursing is in the SUS and the importance of strengthening and valuing these experiences. (AU)

Objetivo: Describir los pasos y resultados del Laboratorio de Innovación en Enfermería: Valoración y Fortalecimiento de la Salud Universal, desarrollado por la Organización Panamericana de la Salud y el Consejo Federal de Enfermería. Métodos: Informe de experiencia del Laboratorio de Innovación en Enfermería, desarrollado de agosto de 2019 a diciembre de 2020, describiendo las tres etapas del proceso de selección. Resultados: El Aviso de Selección priorizó dos temas: Valoración de la enfermería y Ampliación del alcance de las prácticas de enfermería. En la 1a etapa se registraron 329 informes. De este total, se seleccionaron 39. El 2do. etapa, estas 39 experiencias fueron presentadas en un Seminario de Evaluación, de las cuales 24 fueron elegidas para la siguiente etapa. En la 3a fase, estos proyectos recibieron visitas técnicas y 16 fueron considerados los más exitosos e innovadores. Conclusión: La diversidad de temas abordados en las experiencias muestra la importancia de la enfermería para la atención integral de la salud y resalta la amplitud del trabajo de la enfermería en el SUS y la importancia de fortalecer y valorar estas experiencias. (AU)

Rol de la Enfermera , Sistema Único de Salud , Difusión de Innovaciones
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(7, supl 1): 147-152, out. 2021. graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1341916


Objetivo: relatar a implantação e os impactos advindos dos Protocolos de Enfermagem no contexto da Atenção Primária à Saúde do município de Jaraguá do Sul, Santa Catarina,. Método: Trata de um estudo descritivo do tipo relato de experiência. Resultados: O Fluxo de implantação foi desenvolvido com a instituição de uma Comissão de Implantação, Monitoramento e Avaliação dos Protocolos. Após a ampla divulgação, sensibilização e publicitação para a população do município, iniciou-se a implantação nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde, gerando impacto direto nos 12.765 pacientes que aguardavam a primeira consulta médica. Com a implantação dos protocolos, em um mês, houve redução de 74,71% (9.538 pacientes) e em sete meses, houve o resultado prospectado de zerar as filas de primeira consulta da Atenção Primária. Considerações Finais: a implementação dos Protocolos de Enfermagem, propicia mais segurança para a atuação dos enfermeiros da rede municipal e reduz a fila de espera na Atenção Primária. A consulta de Enfermagem e a prescrição de exames e medicamentos essenciais para a população, bem como o processo de acolhimento nas unidades de saúde, foram incorporados na rotina de trabalho dos enfermeiros, proporcionando maior resolutividade das demandas de saúde. (AU)

Objective: To report the implementation and impacts arising from the Nursing Protocols in the context of Primary Health Care in the municipality of Jaraguá do Sul, Santa Catarina. Methods: This is a descriptive study of the experience report type. Results: The Implementation Flow was developed with the institution of a Protocol Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation Committee. After wide dissemination, awareness and publicity for the population of the city, the implementation of Basic Health Units began, generating a direct impact on the 12,765 patients who were waiting for their first medical appointment. With the implementation of the protocols, in one month, there was a reduction of 74.71% (9,538 patients) and in seven months, there was the prospected result of clearing the queues for the first consultation in Primary Care. Conclusion: The implementation of Nursing Protocols provides more security for the work of nurses in the municipal network and reduces the waiting list in Primary Care. Nursing consultation and the prescription of tests and essential medications for the population, as well as the reception process in health units, were incorporated into the nurses' work routine, providing greater resolution of health demands. (AU)

Objetivo: Reportar la implementación e impactos derivados de los Protocolos de Enfermería en el contexto de la Atención Primaria de Salud en el municipio de Jaraguá do Sul, Santa Catarina. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo del tipo relato de experiencia. Resultados: El Flujo de Implementación fue desarrollado con la institución de una Comisión de Implementación, Monitoreo y Evaluación del Protocolo. Luego de una amplia difusión, sensibilización y publicidad para la población de la ciudad, se inició la implementación de Unidades Básicas de Salud, generando un impacto directo en los 12.765 pacientes que esperaban su primera cita médica. Con la implementación de los protocolos, en un mes hubo una reducción del 74,71% (9.538 pacientes) y en siete meses, se logró el resultado esperado de despejar las colas para la primera consulta en Atención Primaria. Conclusion: La implementación de Protocolos de Enfermería brinda mayor seguridad para el trabajo de los enfermeros en la red municipal y reduce la lista de espera en Atención Primaria. La consulta de enfermería y la prescripción de pruebas y medicamentos esenciales para la población, así como el proceso de recepción en las unidades de salud, se incorporaron a la rutina de trabajo de las enfermeras, brindando una mayor resolución de las demandas de salud. (AU)

Rol de la Enfermera , Atención Primaria de Salud , Protocolos Clínicos , Salud Pública
Clin Nurse Spec ; 35(6): 291-299, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606208


PURPOSE: Emergence of the COVID-19 crisis into the healthcare system challenged existing roles and shifted organizational priorities and staff responsibilities. Operating within the spheres of impact, clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) adapted to the needs of the organization and expanded their responsibilities to provide crisis leadership. DESCRIPTION OF PROJECT: The CNSs used advanced practice nursing skills and leadership to implement hospital rounds, identify issues, make decisions, collaborate with stakeholders, disseminate new and emerging information, and evaluate processes in an ongoing pandemic. Using the health crisis management framework, the CNSs demonstrated authentic leadership throughout the prevention, preparedness, response, recovery, and rehabilitation phases. OUTCOME: Data analysis of CNS handoff and meeting communications generated these areas of focus involving the CNSs: (1) clinical practice, (2) supplies, (3) workflows, and (4) people. CONCLUSION: The CNS played a vital role in the planning, training, and evaluation of crisis preparation. New and emerging infectious diseases may continue to confront the healthcare system. Thus, healthcare systems need to remain prepared for public health threats. In the crisis leadership role, the CNS helped the transition to learn and relearn practices. As authentic leaders, CNSs instilled calmness, confidence, trust, and resiliency to the staff during the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19/enfermería , Enfermeras Clínicas , Rol de la Enfermera , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/organización & administración , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiología , Humanos , Liderazgo
Clin Nurse Spec ; 35(6): 300-302, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606209


PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to present how metrics and dashboards, using the SMART model, are used to articulate the clinical nurse specialist (CNS) nurse researcher role. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Following the SMART model, a dashboard was created highlighting measurable metrics for each of the 3 spheres of impact to align with the center's nursing strategic plan and initiatives, including Magnet redesignation. OUTCOME: Metrics reflecting the 3 spheres of impact and corresponding dashboard with successfully met outcomes are presented for the CNS nurse researcher. CONCLUSION: Metrics and dashboards are important tools that CNSs can use to capture their activities, set goals, and articulate their unique roles to both internal and external stakeholders. Dashboards, such as the one presented, are easily adaptable and can be updated on a regular basis.

Enfermeras Clínicas , Rol de la Enfermera , Investigación en Enfermería , Investigadores , Benchmarking , Humanos
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(9): 9820-9829, 2021 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628908


BACKGROUND: Lumbar degenerative disease (LDD) is a narrowing of the spinal canal and intervertebral foramina caused by aging and degeneration of lumbar spine tissue. Minimally invasive internal lumbar spine fixation is emerging in the treatment of LDD. However, no standard early rehabilitation protocol for orthopedic robot-assisted minimally invasive internal lumbar spine fixation exits. To investigate the effect of a nurse-led early rehabilitation program in the postoperative recovery of patients with lumbar degenerative lesions undergoing orthopedic robot-assisted minimally invasive lumbar internal fixation. METHODS: Eighty patients with minimally invasive orthopedic robot-assisted lumbar degenerative lesions admitted to our hospital between January 2019 and January 2021 were recruited to this study. The patients were randomly allocated to a control group (n=40), involving conventional care, and an observation group (n=38; 40 initially and 2 later excluded) including a nurse-led early rehabilitation program added on the basis of the control group. The primary outcomes were the general postoperative conditions, scores of daily living ability, the degree of low back pain and functional recovery. Participants were also compared in terms of their compliance with the care regimen and the incidence of complications. RESULTS: Participants in the observation group had a significantly shorter first time on the floor after surgery (P<0.001) and shorter hospital stay (P=0.003). Meanwhile, participants in the observation group had higher Barthel index (BI) scores (P=0.039), lower visual analogue scale (VAS) scores (P=0.028), and Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores (P=0.002) at 3 days postoperatively, and there was no difference in the three scores between the two groups at 1 month postoperatively (all P>0.05). The compliance of participants in the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.001). Participants in the observation group were less likely to experience constipation (P=0.043) and bloating (P=0.012) within 1 month after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a nurse-led early rehabilitation program in patients undergoing orthopedic robotic-assisted minimally invasive treatment of lumbar degenerative lesions can significantly improve patient compliance, significantly shorten postoperative flooring and hospitalization time, reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events, and accelerate postoperative recovery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2100048698.

Rol de la Enfermera , Fusión Vertebral , Humanos , Vértebras Lumbares/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Mínimamente Invasivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
BMC Palliat Care ; 20(1): 157, 2021 Oct 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645424


BACKGROUND: Approaches involving resource nurses have been used in several fields of practice to enhance quality of care. A literature review reveals limited research on the role of the resource nurse in palliative care in the community. AIM: To explore experiences related to the role of the resource nurse in palliative care in the setting of nursing homes in Norway. DESIGN: The study has an explorative design with a qualitative approach. METHODS: Two semi structured group interviews were conducted. Five resource nurses participated in the first interview, two resource nurses participated in the last interview. The group interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and analysed with systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The resource nurses wish to promote high-quality palliative care. They are skilled palliative nurses working clinically, and they use their experience and knowledge to talk about and demonstrate good practice. By conveying knowledge and being role models, they bolster their colleagues' confidence and skills in palliative care and contribute to a shared view of quality. They can potentially play an important role in facilitating reflection and collaboration in the palliative care team. However, the resource nurse's function is affected by interpersonal, managerial and organisational factors. CONCLUSION: The resource nurse most important tool in promoting high-quality palliative care may be to support their colleagues being a role model, and sharing knowledge and experience. The resource nurses play an important role in facilitating reflection and collaboration in the palliative care team and may contribute to ethical awareness and proper dialogues about end of life issues.

Enfermería de Cuidados Paliativos al Final de la Vida , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Noruega , Rol de la Enfermera , Casas de Salud , Investigación Cualitativa
Trials ; 22(1): 698, 2021 Oct 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645512


BACKGROUND: Transitioning from the burn unit to the home/community can be chaotic with limited professional support. Some adult burn survivors may face varied concerns leading to poor outcomes in the early post-discharge period with limited access to professional help. Based on these, a nurse-led transitional burns rehabilitation programme has been developed and the current trial aims to ascertain its effects as well as explore the implementation process. METHODS: A single-centre, double-arm randomised controlled trial with a process evaluation phase will be utilised for this study. All adult burn survivors aged ≥ 18 years with burn size ≥ 10% total burn surface area at the site during the study period will be screened for eligibility at least 72 h to discharge. A sample size of 150 will be block randomised to treatment (receiving the nurse-led transitional care programme and routine post-discharge service) and control groups (receiving routine post-discharge service). The nurse-led transitional care programme comprises of predischarge and follow-up phases with the delivery of bundle of holistic interventions lasting for 8 weeks. There are three timelines for data collection: baseline, immediate post intervention, and 4 weeks post-intervention. DISCUSSION: The findings from this study can potentially inform the development and organisation of post-discharge care and affirm the need for ongoing comprehensive home-based care for burn survivors and their families TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04517721 . Registered on 20 August 2020.

Cuidados Posteriores , Rol de la Enfermera , Adulto , Humanos , Alta del Paciente , Calidad de Vida , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Sobrevivientes
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh ; 18(1)2021 Oct 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653325


OBJECTIVES: The objective was to describe and illustrate what is known about the needs of novice nursing faculty as they transition into the faculty role. The worldwide nursing shortage is partly due to the lack of faculty, and one reason for that lack is the reported difficulty of transitioning into the faculty role. METHODS: An integrative review of the literature was conducted. RESULTS: Results demonstrated that new faculty are either intentionally supported in their new environment, with successful development of their skills and career, or they are unintentionally unsupported, which leaves them languishing and reduces intent to stay. CONCLUSIONS: Despite gaps in the literature and a low level of strength of evidence, the review offers implications for managing and maintaining relationships with novice faculty to facilitate their ultimate success. Institutions should aim to have in place identified elements that ensure novice faculty are intentionally supported rather than unintentionally unsupported.

Docentes de Enfermería , Rol de la Enfermera , Humanos
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(37): e27294, 2021 Sep 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664892


ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the association between role conflict and ambiguity among nurses in primary healthcare centers (PHCs) in Saudi Arabia and their stress levels during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.In this online cross-sectional study, sociodemographic and occupational characteristics, role conflict, and ambiguity of 432 nurses were assessed using the Bowling Scale for Role Conflict and Ambiguity and stress was assessed using the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale from September 27 to October 17, 2020. Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for above-median stress levels of nurses with average and high (2nd and 3rd tertiles) role conflict and ambiguity compared with nurses with low role conflict and ambiguity (1st tertile).The mean (standard deviation) age of the nurses was 36.5 ±â€Š6.6 years, and 25.9% of them were males. After adjusting for PHC type and working hours, nurses with average and high role conflict had significantly higher stress rates than those with low role conflict, with ORs (95% CIs) of 2.69 (1.62-4.46) and 6.31 (3.78-10.53), respectively. Similarly, nurses with average- and high-role ambiguity had significantly higher stress than those with low role ambiguity, with ORs (95% CIs) of 2.15 (1.30-3.55) and 7.68 (4.54-13.01), respectively. Increasing stress rates were detected across increasing categories of role conflict and ambiguity (P values for trend <.001).We found that role conflict and ambiguity were associated with stress among nurses in PHCs in Saudi Arabia during the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19/prevención & control , Rol de la Enfermera , Estrés Laboral/etiología , Adulto , COVID-19/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Estrés Laboral/psicología , Atención Primaria de Salud/organización & administración , Atención Primaria de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Arabia Saudita , Encuestas y Cuestionarios