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1.
Curr Microbiol ; 81(6): 161, 2024 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700667

RESUMEN

In the wake of rapid industrialization and burgeoning transportation networks, the escalating demand for fossil fuels has accelerated the depletion of finite energy reservoirs, necessitating urgent exploration of sustainable alternatives. To address this, current research is focusing on renewable fuels like second-generation bioethanol from agricultural waste such as sugarcane bagasse. This approach not only circumvents the contentious issue of food-fuel conflicts associated with biofuels but also tackles agricultural waste management. In the present study indigenous yeast strain, Clavispora lusitaniae QG1 (MN592676), was isolated from rotten grapes to ferment xylose sugars present in the hemicellulose content of sugarcane bagasse. To liberate the xylose sugars, dilute acid pretreatment was performed. The highest reducing sugars yield was 1.2% obtained at a temperature of 121 °C for 15 min, a solid-to-liquid ratio of 1:25 (% w/v), and an acid concentration of 1% dilute acid H2SO4 that was significantly higher (P < 0.001) yield obtained under similar conditions at 100 °C for 1 h. The isolated strain was statistically optimized for fermentation process by Plackett-Burman design to achieve the highest ethanol yield. Liberated xylose sugars were completely utilized by Clavispora lusitaniae QG1 (MN592676) and gave 100% ethanol yield. This study optimizes both fermentation process and pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse to maximize bioethanol yield and demonstrates the ability of isolated strain to effectively utilize xylose as a carbon source. The desirable characteristics depicted by strain Clavispora lusitaniae shows its promising utilization in management of industrial waste like sugarcane bagasse by its conversion into renewable biofuels like bioethanol.


Asunto(s)
Biocombustibles , Celulosa , Etanol , Fermentación , Saccharum , Saccharum/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo , Celulosa/metabolismo , Administración de Residuos/métodos , Agricultura , Xilosa/metabolismo , Vitis/microbiología , Hypocreales/metabolismo
2.
Microb Cell Fact ; 23(1): 123, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724968

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an important microorganism in ethanol synthesis, and with sugarcane molasses as the feedstock, ethanol is being synthesized sustainably to meet growing demands. However, high-concentration ethanol fermentation based on high-concentration sugarcane molasses-which is needed for reduced energy consumption of ethanol distillation at industrial scale-is yet to be achieved. RESULTS: In the present study, to identify the main limiting factors of this process, adaptive laboratory evolution and high-throughput screening (Py-Fe3+) based on ARTP (atmospheric and room-temperature plasma) mutagenesis were applied. We identified high osmotic pressure, high temperature, high alcohol levels, and high concentrations of K+, Ca2+, K+ and Ca2+ (K+&Ca2+), and sugarcane molasses as the main limiting factors. The robust S. cerevisiae strains of NGT-F1, NGW-F1, NGC-F1, NGK+, NGCa2+ NGK+&Ca2+-F1, and NGTM-F1 exhibited high tolerance to the respective limiting factor and exhibited increased yield. Subsequently, ethanol synthesis, cell morphology, comparative genomics, and gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis were performed in a molasses broth containing 250 g/L total fermentable sugars (TFS). Additionally, S. cerevisiae NGTM-F1 was used with 250 g/L (TFS) sugarcane molasses to synthesize ethanol in a 5-L fermenter, giving a yield of 111.65 g/L, the conversion of sugar to alcohol reached 95.53%. It is the highest level of physical mutagenesis yield at present. CONCLUSION: Our results showed that K+ and Ca2+ ions primarily limited the efficient production of ethanol. Then, subsequent comparative transcriptomic GO and pathway analyses showed that the co-presence of K+ and Ca2+ exerted the most prominent limitation on efficient ethanol production. The results of this study might prove useful by promoting the development and utilization of green fuel bio-manufactured from molasses.


Asunto(s)
Calcio , Etanol , Fermentación , Melaza , Potasio , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Saccharum , Etanol/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Calcio/metabolismo , Potasio/metabolismo
3.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(6): 245, 2024 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702537

RESUMEN

Production of carotenoids by yeast fermentation is an advantaged technology due to its easy scaling and safety. Nevertheless, carotenoid production needs an economic culture medium and other efficient yeast stains. The study aims to isolate and identify a yeast strain capable of producing carotenoids using a cost-effective substrate. A new strain was identified as Rhodotorula toruloides L/24-26-1, which can produce carotenoids at different pretreated and unpretreated sugarcane molasses concentrations (40 and 80 g/L). The highest biomass concentration (18.6 ± 0.6 g/L) was reached in the culture using 80 g/L of hydrolyzed molasses. On the other hand, the carotenoid accumulation reached the maximum value using pretreated molasses at 40 g/L (715.4 ± 15.1 µg/g d.w). In this case, the ß-carotene was 1.5 times higher than that on the control medium. The yeast growth in molasses was not correlated with carotenoid production. The most outstanding production of The DPPH, ABTS, and FRAP tests demonstrated the antioxidant activity of the obtained carotenogenic extracts. This research demonstrated the R. toruloides L/24-26-1 strain biotechnological potential for carotenoid compounds. The yeast produces carotenoids with antioxidant activity in an inexpensive medium, such as sulfuric acid pretreated and unpretreated molasses.


Asunto(s)
Fermentación , Melaza , Rhodotorula , Saccharum , beta Caroteno , Rhodotorula/metabolismo , Rhodotorula/genética , Rhodotorula/crecimiento & desarrollo , Rhodotorula/aislamiento & purificación , Rhodotorula/clasificación , Saccharum/metabolismo , beta Caroteno/metabolismo , beta Caroteno/biosíntesis , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomasa , Medios de Cultivo/química , Filogenia
4.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 210: 108629, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626657

RESUMEN

The timing of floral transition is essential for reproductive success in flowering plants. In sugarcane, flowering time affects the production of sugar and biomass. Although the function of the crucial floral pathway integrators, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), in sugarcane, has been uncovered, the proteins responsible for FT export and the underlying mechanism remain unexplored. In this study, we identified a member of the multiple C2 domain and transmembrane region proteins (MCTPs) family in sugarcane, FT-interacting protein 1 (ScFTIP1), which was localized to the endoplasmic reticulum. Ectopic expression of ScFTIP1 in the Arabidopsis mutant ftip1-1 rescued the late-flowering phenotype. ScFTIP1 interacted with AtFT in vitro and in vivo assays. Additionally, ScFTIP1 interacted with ScFT1 and the floral inducer ScFT3. Furthermore, we found that the NAC member, ScNAC23, could directly bind to the ScFTIP1 promoter and negatively regulate its transcription. Overall, our findings revealed the function of ScFTIP1 and proposed a potential mechanism underlying flowering regulation in sugarcane.


Asunto(s)
Arabidopsis , Flores , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas , Saccharum , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Flores/genética , Flores/crecimiento & desarrollo , Flores/metabolismo , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Saccharum/crecimiento & desarrollo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Plantas Modificadas Genéticamente
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(18): 10506-10520, 2024 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38651833

RESUMEN

Sugarcane response to Sporisorium scitamineum is determined by multiple major genes and numerous microeffector genes. Here, time-ordered gene coexpression networks were applied to explore the interaction between sugarcane and S. scitamineum. Totally, 2459 differentially expressed genes were identified and divided into 10 levels, and several stress-related subnetworks were established. Interestingly, the Ca2+ signaling pathway was activated to establish the response to sugarcane smut disease. Accordingly, two CAX genes (ScCAX2 and ScCAX3) were cloned and characterized from sugarcane. They were significantly upregulated under ABA stress but inhibited by MeJA treatment. Furthermore, overexpression of ScCAX2 and ScCAX3 enhanced the susceptibility of transgenic plants to the pathogen infection, suggesting its negative role in disease resistance. A regulatory model for ScCAX genes in disease response was thus depicted. This work helps to clarify the transcriptional regulation of sugarcane response to S. scitamineum stress and the function of the CAX gene in disease response.


Asunto(s)
Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Enfermedades de las Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas , Saccharum , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas/efectos de los fármacos , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Enfermedades de las Plantas/genética , Enfermedades de las Plantas/microbiología , Ustilaginales/genética , Señalización del Calcio/efectos de los fármacos , Resistencia a la Enfermedad/genética , Plantas Modificadas Genéticamente/genética , Plantas Modificadas Genéticamente/metabolismo
6.
Physiol Plant ; 176(2): e14290, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634341

RESUMEN

In the present study, we analyzed GA3 (gibberellin)-treated sugarcane samples at the transcriptomic level to elucidate the differential expression of genes that influence sucrose accumulation. Previous research has suggested that GA3 application can potentially delay sink saturation by enhancing sink strength and demand, enabling the accommodation of more sucrose. To investigate the potential role of GA-induced modification of sink capacity in promoting higher sucrose accumulation, we sought to unravel the differential expression of transcripts and analyze their functional annotation. Several genes homologous to the sugar-phosphate/phosphate translocator, UTP-glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase, and V-ATPases (vacuolar-type H+ ATPase) were identified as potentially associated with the increased sucrose content observed. A differentially expressed transcript was found to be identical to the mRNA of an unknown protein. Homology-based bioinformatics analysis suggested it to be a hydrolase enzyme, which could potentially act as a stimulator of sucrose buildup. The database of differentially expressed transcripts obtained in this study under the influence of GA3 represents a valuable addition to the sugarcane transcriptomics and functional genomics knowledge base.


Asunto(s)
Giberelinas , Saccharum , Giberelinas/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Sacarosa/metabolismo , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Fosfatos
7.
Physiol Plant ; 176(3): e14313, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38666351

RESUMEN

Bipolaris setariae is known to cause brown stripe disease in sugarcane, resulting in significant yield losses. Silicon (Si) has the potential to enhance plant growth and biotic resistance. In this study, the impact of Si on brown stripe disease was investigated across susceptible and resistant sugarcane varieties, utilizing four Si concentrations (0, 15, 30, and 45 g per barrel of Na2SiO3·5H2O). Si significantly reduced the incidence of brown stripe disease (7.41-59.23%) and alleviated damage to sugarcane growth parameters, photosynthetic parameters, and photosynthetic pigments. Submicroscopic observations revealed that Si induced the accumulation of silicified cells in leaves, reduced spore accumulation, decreased stomatal size, and protected organelles from B. setariae damage. In addition, Si increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and catalase), reduced reactive oxygen species production (malondialdehyde and hydrogen peroxide) and modulated the expression of genes associated with hormone signalling (PR1, TGA, AOS, AOC, LOX, PYL8, and SnRK2), leading to the accumulation of abscisic acid and jasmonic acid and inhibiting SA synthesis. Si also activated the activity of metabolism-related enzymes (polyphenol oxidase and phenylalanine ammonia lyase) and the gene expression of PAL-dependent genes (PAL, C4H, and 4CL), regulating the accumulation of metabolites, such as chlorogenic acid and lignin. The antifungal test showed that chlorogenic acid (15ug µL-1) had a significant inhibitory effect on the growth of B. setariae. This study is the first to demonstrate the inhibitory effect of Si on B. setariae in sugarcane, highlighting Si as a promising and environmentally friendly strategy for managing brown stripe disease.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de las Plantas , Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno , Saccharum , Silicio , Saccharum/efectos de los fármacos , Saccharum/metabolismo , Saccharum/microbiología , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/crecimiento & desarrollo , Silicio/farmacología , Silicio/metabolismo , Enfermedades de las Plantas/microbiología , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Reguladores del Crecimiento de las Plantas/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/farmacología , Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Hojas de la Planta/metabolismo , Hojas de la Planta/efectos de los fármacos , Hojas de la Planta/microbiología , Hojas de la Planta/genética , Ascomicetos/fisiología , Ascomicetos/efectos de los fármacos , Transducción de Señal/efectos de los fármacos , Fotosíntesis/efectos de los fármacos , Depuradores de Radicales Libres/metabolismo
8.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 210: 108577, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579542

RESUMEN

The JASMONATE ZIM DOMAIN (JAZ) proteins are a key inhibitors of the jasmonic acid (JA) signaling pathway that play an important role in the regulation of plant growth and development and environmental stress responses. However, there is no systematic identification and functional analysis of JAZ gene family members in sugarcane. In this study, a total of 49 SsJAZ genes were identified from the wild sugarcane species Saccharum spontaneum genome that were unevenly distributed on 13 chromosomes. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all SsJAZ members can be divided into six groups, and most of the SsJAZ genes contained photoreactive and ABA-responsive elements. RNA-seq analysis revealed that SsJAZ1-1/2/3/4 and SsJAZ7-1 were significantly upregulated under drought stress. The transcript level of ScJAZ1 which is the homologous gene of SsJAZ1 in modern sugarcane cultivars was upregulated by JA, PEG, and abscisic acid (ABA). Moreover, ScJAZ1 can interact with three other JAZ proteins to form heterodimers. The spatial and temporal expression analysis showed that SsJAZ2-1/2/3/4 were highly expressed in different tissues and growth stages and during the day-night rhythm between 10:00 and 18:00. Overexpression of ScJAZ2 in Arabidopsis accelerated flowering through activating the expression of AtSOC1, AtFT, and AtLFY. Moreover, the transcription level of ScJAZ2 was about 30-fold in the early-flowering sugarcane variety than that of the non-flowering variety, indicating ScJAZ2 positively regulated flowering. This first systematic analysis of the JAZ gene family and function analysis of ScJAZ1/2 in sugarcane provide key candidate genes and lay the foundation for sugarcane breeding.


Asunto(s)
Flores , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas , Saccharum , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Flores/genética , Filogenia , Familia de Multigenes , Sequías , Oxilipinas/metabolismo , Estrés Fisiológico/genética , Ciclopentanos/metabolismo
9.
Microb Cell Fact ; 23(1): 73, 2024 Mar 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431598

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Lignocellulosic biomass provides a great starting point for the production of energy, chemicals, and fuels. The major component of lignocellulosic biomass is cellulose, the employment of highly effective enzymatic cocktails, which can be produced by a variety of microorganisms including species of the genus Aspergillus, is necessary for its utilization in a more productive manner. In this regard, molecular biology techniques should be utilized to promote the economics of enzyme production, whereas strategies like protoplast fusion could be employed to improve the efficacy of the hydrolytic process. RESULTS: The current study focuses on cellulase production in Aspergillus species using intrageneric protoplast fusion, statistical optimization of growth parameters, and determination of antioxidant activity of fermentation hydrolysate. Protoplast fusion was conducted between A. flavus X A. terreus (PFFT), A. nidulans X A. tamarii (PFNT) and A. oryzae X A. tubingensis (PFOT), and the resultant fusant PFNT revealed higher activity level compared with the other fusants. Thus, this study aimed to optimize lignocellulosic wastes-based medium for cellulase production by Aspergillus spp. fusant (PFNT) and studying the antioxidant effect of fermentation hydrolysate. The experimental strategy Plackett-Burman (PBD) was used to assess how culture conditions affected cellulase output, the best level of the three major variables namely, SCB, pH, and incubation temperature were then determined using Box-Behnken design (BBD). Consequently, by utilizing an optimized medium instead of a basal medium, cellulase activity increased from 3.11 U/ml to 7.689 U/ml CMCase. The following medium composition was thought to be ideal based on this optimization: sugarcane bagasse (SCB), 6.82 gm; wheat bran (WB), 4; Moisture, 80%; pH, 4; inoculum size, (3 × 106 spores/ml); and incubation Temp. 31.8 °C for 4 days and the fermentation hydrolysate has 28.13% scavenging activities. CONCLUSION: The results obtained in this study demonstrated the significant activity of the selected fusant and the higher sugar yield from cellulose hydrolysis over its parental strains, suggesting the possibility of enhancing cellulase activity by protoplast fusion using an experimental strategy and the fermentation hydrolysate showed antioxidant activity.


Asunto(s)
Celulasa , Celulasas , Saccharum , Celulosa/metabolismo , Protoplastos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes , Saccharum/metabolismo , Aspergillus/metabolismo , Fermentación , Celulasa/química , Hidrólisis
10.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Feb 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474615

RESUMEN

The valorization of byproducts from the sugarcane industry represents a potential alternative method with a low energy cost for the production of metabolites that are of commercial and industrial interest. The production of exopolysaccharides (EPSs) was carried out using the yeast Suhomyces kilbournensis isolated from agro-industrial sugarcane, and the products and byproducts of this agro-industrial sugarcane were used as carbon sources for their recovery. The effect of pH, temperature, and carbon and nitrogen sources and their concentration in EPS production by submerged fermentation (SmF) was studied in 170 mL glass containers of uniform geometry at 30 °C with an initial pH of 6.5. The resulting EPSs were characterized with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The results showed that the highest EPS production yields were 4.26 and 44.33 g/L after 6 h of fermentation using sucrose and molasses as carbon sources, respectively. Finally, an FT-IR analysis of the EPSs produced by S. kilbournensis corresponded to levan, corroborating its origin. It is important to mention that this is the first work that reports the production of levan using this yeast. This is relevant because, currently, most studies are focused on the use of recombinant and genetically modified microorganisms; in this scenario, Suhomyces kilbournensis is a native yeast isolated from the sugar production process, giving it a great advantage in the incorporation of carbon sources into their metabolic processes in order to produce levan sucrose, which uses fructose to polymerize levan.


Asunto(s)
Saccharomycetales , Saccharum , Fermentación , Saccharum/metabolismo , Melaza/análisis , Carbono , Espectroscopía Infrarroja por Transformada de Fourier , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Fructanos/química , Sacarosa/metabolismo
11.
GM Crops Food ; 15(1): 67-84, 2024 Dec 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507337

RESUMEN

The agricultural sugarcane residues, bagasse and straws, can be used for second-generation ethanol (2GE) production by the cellulose conversion into glucose (saccharification). However, the lignin content negatively impacts the saccharification process. This polymer is mainly composed of guaiacyl (G), hydroxyphenyl (H), and syringyl (S) units, the latter formed in the ferulate 5-hydroxylase (F5H) branch of the lignin biosynthesis pathway. We have generated transgenic lines overexpressing ShF5H1 under the control of the C4H (cinnamate 4-hydroxylase) rice promoter, which led to a significant increase of up to 160% in the S/G ratio and 63% in the saccharification efficiency in leaves. Nevertheless, the content of lignin was unchanged in this organ. In culms, neither the S/G ratio nor sucrose accumulation was altered, suggesting that ShF5H1 overexpression would not affect first-generation ethanol production. Interestingly, the bagasse showed a significantly higher fiber content. Our results indicate that the tissue-specific manipulation of the biosynthetic branch leading to S unit formation is industrially advantageous and has established a foundation for further studies aiming at refining lignin modifications. Thus, the ShF5H1 overexpression in sugarcane emerges as an efficient strategy to improve 2GE production from straw.


Asunto(s)
Lignina , Saccharum , Lignina/química , Lignina/metabolismo , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/química , Saccharum/metabolismo , Oxigenasas de Función Mixta/metabolismo , Transcinamato 4-Monooxigenasa/metabolismo , Etanol/metabolismo
12.
Genomics ; 116(2): 110811, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387766

RESUMEN

Sugarcane molasses is one of the main raw materials for bioethanol production, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the major biofuel-producing organism. In this study, a batch fermentation model has been used to examine ethanol titers of deletion mutants for all yeast nonessential genes in this yeast genome. A total of 42 genes are identified to be involved in ethanol production during fermentation of sugarcane molasses. Deletion mutants of seventeen genes show increased ethanol titers, while deletion mutants for twenty-five genes exhibit reduced ethanol titers. Two MAP kinases Hog1 and Kss1 controlling the high osmolarity and glycerol (HOG) signaling and the filamentous growth, respectively, are negatively involved in the regulation of ethanol production. In addition, twelve genes involved in amino acid metabolism are crucial for ethanol production during fermentation. Our findings provide novel targets and strategies for genetically engineering industrial yeast strains to improve ethanol titer during fermentation of sugarcane molasses.


Asunto(s)
Saccharomycetales , Saccharum , Fermentación , Etanol/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Saccharomycetales/metabolismo , Sistema de Señalización de MAP Quinasas , Melaza , Aminoácidos
13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(8): 4476-4492, 2024 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373255

RESUMEN

Sugarcane smut, caused by Sporisorium scitamineum, poses a severe threat to sugarcane production. The genetic basis of sugarcane resistance to S. scitamineum remains elusive. A comparative transcriptomic and metabolomic study was conducted on two wild Saccharum species of S. spontaneum with contrast smut resistance. Following infection, the resistant line exhibited greater down-regulation of genes and metabolites compared to the susceptible line, indicating distinct biological processes. Lignan and lignin biosynthesis and SA signal transduction were activated in the resistant line, while flavonoid biosynthesis and auxin signal transduction were enhanced in the susceptible line. TGA2.2 and ARF14 were identified as playing positive and negative roles, respectively, in plant defense. Exogenous auxin application significantly increased the susceptibility of S. spontaneum to S. scitaminum. This study established the significant switching of defense signaling pathways in contrast-resistant S. spontaneum following S. scitamineum infection, offering a hypothetical model and candidate genes for further research into sugarcane smut disease.


Asunto(s)
Basidiomycota , Saccharum , Ustilaginales , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Basidiomycota/genética , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Ustilaginales/genética , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Enfermedades de las Plantas/genética , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas
14.
J Exp Bot ; 75(10): 3040-3053, 2024 May 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310636

RESUMEN

Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.), a leading sugar and energy crop, is seriously impacted by drought stress. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying sugarcane drought resistance, especially the functions of epigenetic regulators, remain elusive. Here, we show that a S. spontaneum KDM4/JHDM3 group JmjC protein, SsJMJ4, negatively regulates drought-stress responses through its H3K27me3 demethylase activity. Ectopic overexpression of SsJMJ4 in Arabidopsis reduced drought resistance possibly by promoting expression of AtWRKY54 and AtWRKY70, encoding two negative regulators of drought stress. SsJMJ4 directly bound to AtWRKY54 and AtWRKY70, and reduced H3K27me3 levels at these loci to ensure their proper transcription under normal conditions. Drought stress down-regulated both transcription and protein abundance of SsJMJ4, which was correlated with the reduced occupancy of SsJMJ4 at AtWRKY54 and AtWRKY70 chromatin, increased H3K27me3 levels at these loci, as well as reduced transcription levels of these genes. In S. spontaneum, drought stress-repressed transcription of SsWRKY122, an ortholog of AtWRKY54 and AtWRKY70, was associated with increased H3K27me3 levels at these loci. Transient overexpression of SsJMJ4 in S. spontaneum protoplasts raised transcription of SsWRKY122, paralleled with reduced H3K27me3 levels at its loci. These results suggest that the SsJMJ4-mediated dynamic deposition of H3K27me3 is required for an appropriate response to drought stress.


Asunto(s)
Sequías , Proteínas de Plantas , Saccharum , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/fisiología , Saccharum/metabolismo , Saccharum/enzimología , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas , Estrés Fisiológico , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/fisiología , Histona Demetilasas/metabolismo , Histona Demetilasas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Histonas/genética
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5037, 2024 02 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38424450

RESUMEN

The filamentous Thermoascus aurantiacus fungus characterized by its thermophilic nature, is recognized as an exceptional producer of various enzymes with biotechnological applications. This study aimed to explore biotechnological applications using polygalacturonase (PG) derived from the Thermoascus aurantiacus PI3S3 strain. PG production was achieved through submerged fermentation and subsequent purification via ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration methods. The crude extract exhibited a diverse spectrum of enzymatic activities including amylase, cellulase, invertase, pectinase, and xylanase. Notably, it demonstrated the ability to hydrolyze sugarcane bagasse biomass, corn residue, and animal feed. The purified PG had a molecular mass of 36 kDa, with optimal activity observed at pH 4.5 and 70 °C. The activation energy (Ea) was calculated as 0.513 kJ mol-1, highlighting activation in the presence of Ca2+. Additionally, it displayed apparent Km, Vmax, and Kcat values of at 0.19 mg mL-1, 273.10 U mL-1, and 168.52 s-1, respectively, for hydrolyzing polygalacturonic acid. This multifunctional PG exhibited activities such as denim biopolishing, apple juice clarification, and demonstrated both endo- and exo-polygalacturonase activities. Furthermore, it displayed versatility by hydrolyzing polygalacturonic acid, carboxymethylcellulose, and xylan. The T. aurantiacus PI3S3 multifunctional polygalacturonase showed heightened activity under acidic pH, elevated temperatures, and in the presence of calcium. Its multifunctional nature distinguished it from other PGs, significantly expanding its potential for diverse biotechnological applications.


Asunto(s)
Saccharum , Thermoascus , Poligalacturonasa/metabolismo , Thermoascus/metabolismo , Celulosa , Enzimas Multifuncionales , Saccharum/metabolismo , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Estabilidad de Enzimas , Temperatura
16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3173, 2024 02 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326332

RESUMEN

This research represents a novel study to assess how coculture affects levan yield, structure, bioactivities, and molecular weight. Among the 16 honey isolates, four bacterial strains recorded the highest levan yield. The Plackett-Burman design showed that the coculture (M) of isolates G2 and K2 had the maximum levan yield (52 g/L) and the effective factors were sucrose, incubation time, and sugarcane bagasse. The CCD showed that the most proper concentrations for maximum levan yield (81 g/L): were 130 g/L of sucrose and 6 g/f of sugarcane bagasse. Levan's backbone was characterized, and the molecular weight was determined. G2 and K2 isolates were identified based on 16 sRNA as Bacillus megaterium strain YM1C10 and Rhizobium sp. G6-1. M levan had promising antioxidant activity (99.66%), slowed the migration activity to a great extent, and recorded 70.70% inhibition against the hepatoblastoma cell line (HepG2) at 1000 µg/mL. Gene expression analysis in liver cancer cell lines (HePG2) revealed that M levan decreased the expression of CCL20), 2GRB2, and CCR6) genes and was superior to Doxo. While increasing the expression of the IL4R and IL-10 genes. The DNA damage values were significantly increased (P < 0.01) in treated liver cancer cell lines with levan M and Doxo. The results referred to the importance of each of the hydroxyl and carboxyl groups and the molecular weight in levans bioactivities.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Saccharum , Celulosa , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Técnicas de Cocultivo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Fructanos/metabolismo , Bacterias/metabolismo , Sacarosa/metabolismo , Línea Celular
17.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0292931, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363771

RESUMEN

Enzymes are biological molecules that act as catalysts and speed up the biochemical reactions. The world's biotechnological ventures are development of enzyme productiveness, and advancement of novel techniques for thriving their shelf existence. Nowadays, the most burning questions in enzyme technology are how to improve the enzyme productivity and reuse them. The immobilization of enzymes provides an excellent scope to reuse the enzymes several times to increase productivity. The main aim of the present study is the establishment of an immobilized multi-enzyme bio-system engineering process for the production of High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) with an industrial focus. In this study, multi-enzyme such as α-amylase, glucoamylase and glucose isomerase were immobilized in various support matrices like sodium alginate, sawdust, sugarcane bagasse, rice bran and combination of alginate with cellulosic materials. The activities of the immobilized multi-enzyme system for the production of HFCS from the starch solution were determined. The multi-enzyme immobilized in sodium alginate shows better fructose conversion than free enzyme. Among the support matrices, multi-enzyme immobilized in sawdust produced total 80.74 mg/mL of fructose from starch solution and it was able to be used in several production cycles. On the other hand, multi-enzyme immobilized in combination of sodium alginate and sawdust produced the maximum amount of fructose (total 84.82 mg/mL). The free enzyme produced 17.25 mg/mL of fructose from the starch solution in only a single cycle. In this study a new fixed bed immobilized multi-enzyme bioreactor system was developed for the production of HFCS directly from starch. This finding will create a new opportunity for the application of immobilized multi-enzyme systems in many sectors of industrial biotechnology.


Asunto(s)
Jarabe de Maíz Alto en Fructosa , Saccharum , Celulosa , Saccharum/metabolismo , Enzimas Inmovilizadas/química , Fructosa/metabolismo , Almidón/metabolismo , Alginatos/química
18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(7): 3325-3333, 2024 Feb 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329286

RESUMEN

The cultivation of sugar cane using perennial roots is the primary planting method, which is one of the reasons for the serious occurrence of sugar cane smut disease caused by the basidiomycetous fungus Sporisorium scitamineum in the sugar cane perennial root planting area. Consequently, it is crucial to eliminate pathogens from perennial sugar cane buds. In this study, we found that MAP kinase Hog1 is necessary for heat stress resistance. Subsequent investigations revealed a significant reduction in the expression of the heat shock protein 104-encoding gene, SsHSP104, in the ss1hog1Δ mutant. Additionally, the overexpression of SsHSP104 partially restored colony growth in the ss1hog1Δ strain following heat stress treatment, demonstrating the crucial role of SsHsp104 in SsHog1-mediated heat stress tolerance. Hence, we constructed the ss1hsp104:eGFP fusion strain in the wild type of S. scitamineum to identify small-molecule compounds that could inhibit the heat stress response, leading to the discovery of N-benzyl-4-(1-bromonaphthalen-2-yl)oxybutan-1-amine as a potential compound that targets the SsHog1 mediation SsHsp104 pathway during heat treatment. Furthermore, the combination of N-benzyl-4-(1-bromonaphthalen-2-yl)oxybutan-1-amine and warm water treatment (45 °C for 15 min) inhibits the growth of S. scitamineum and teliospore germination, thereby reducing the occurrence of sugar cane smut diseases and indicating its potential for eliminating pathogens from perennial sugar cane buds. In conclusion, these findings suggest that N-benzyl-4-(1-bromonaphthalen-2-yl)oxybutan-1-amine is promising as a targeted compound for the SsHog1-mediated SsHsp104 pathway and may enable the reduction of hot water treatment duration and/or temperature, thereby limiting the occurrence of sugar cane smut diseases caused by S. scitamineum.


Asunto(s)
Basidiomycota , Saccharum , Ustilaginales , Antifúngicos/farmacología , Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Basidiomycota/genética , Ustilaginales/fisiología , Saccharum/metabolismo , Enfermedades de las Plantas/prevención & control , Enfermedades de las Plantas/microbiología
19.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 165, 2024 Feb 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336615

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) holds exceptional global significance as a vital crop, serving as a primary source of sucrose, bioenergy, and various by-products. The optimization of sugarcane breeding by fine-tuning essential traits has become crucial for enhancing crop productivity and stress resilience. Leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLK) genes present promising targets for this purpose, as they are involved in various aspects of plant development and defense processes. RESULTS: Here, we present a detailed overview of phylogeny and expression of 288 (495 alleles) and 312 (1365 alleles) LRR-RLK genes from two founding Saccharum species, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis categorized these genes into 15 subfamilies, revealing considerable expansion or reduction in certain LRR-type subfamilies. Compared to other plant species, both Saccharum species had more significant LRR-RLK genes. Examination of cis-acting elements demonstrated that SsLRR-RLK and SoLRR-RLK genes exhibited no significant difference in the types of elements included, primarily involved in four physiological processes. This suggests a broad conservation of LRR-RLK gene function during Saccharum evolution. Synteny analysis indicated that all LRR-RLK genes in both Saccharum species underwent gene duplication, primarily through whole-genome duplication (WGD) or segmental duplication. We identified 28 LRR-RLK genes exhibiting novel expression patterns in response to different tissues, gradient development leaves, and circadian rhythm in the two Saccharum species. Additionally, SoLRR-RLK104, SoLRR-RLK7, SoLRR-RLK113, and SsLRR-RLK134 were identified as candidate genes for sugarcane disease defense response regulators through transcriptome data analysis of two disease stresses. This suggests LRR-RLK genes of sugarcane involvement in regulating various biological processes, including leaf development, plant morphology, photosynthesis, maintenance of circadian rhythm stability, and defense against sugarcane diseases. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation into gene duplication, functional conservation, and divergence of LRR-RLK genes in two founding Saccharum species lays the groundwork for a comprehensive genomic analysis of the entire LRR-RLK gene family in Saccharum. The results reveal LRR-RLK gene played a critical role in Saccharum adaptation to diverse conditions, offering valuable insights for targeted breeding and precise phenotypic adjustments.


Asunto(s)
Saccharum , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Fitomejoramiento , Genómica , Regulación de la Expresión Génica de las Plantas
20.
Biomolecules ; 14(2)2024 Feb 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397470

RESUMEN

Sugarcane, a globally cultivated crop constituting nearly 80% of total sugar production, yields residues from harvesting and sugar production known for their renewable bioactive compounds with health-promoting properties. Despite previous studies, the intricate interplay of extracts from diverse sugarcane byproducts and their biological attributes remains underexplored. This study focused on extracting the lipid fraction from a blend of selected sugarcane byproducts (straw, bagasse, and filter cake) using ethanol. The resulting extract underwent comprehensive characterization, including physicochemical analysis (FT-IR, DSC, particle size distribution, and color) and chemical composition assessment (GC-MS). The biological properties were evaluated through antihypertensive (ACE), anticholesterolemic (HMG-CoA reductase), and antidiabetic (alpha-glucosidase and Dipeptidyl Peptidase-IV) assays, alongside in vitro biocompatibility assessments in Caco-2 and Hep G2 cells. The phytochemicals identified, such as ß-sitosterol and 1-octacosanol, likely contribute to the extract's antidiabetic, anticholesterolemic, and antihypertensive potential, given their association with various beneficial bioactivities. The extract exhibited substantial antidiabetic effects, inhibiting α-glucosidase (5-60%) and DPP-IV activity (25-100%), anticholesterolemic potential with HMG-CoA reductase inhibition (11.4-63.2%), and antihypertensive properties through ACE inhibition (24.0-27.3%). These findings lay the groundwork for incorporating these ingredients into the development of food supplements or nutraceuticals, offering potential for preventing and managing metabolic syndrome-associated conditions.


Asunto(s)
Saccharum , Humanos , Saccharum/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Antihipertensivos/farmacología , alfa-Glucosidasas/metabolismo , Espectroscopía Infrarroja por Transformada de Fourier , Hipoglucemiantes/farmacología , Hipoglucemiantes/química , Azúcares , Lípidos , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/química
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