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1.
Spec Care Dentist ; 40 Suppl 1: 3-81, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202040

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Inherited epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a genetic disorder characterized by skin fragility and unique oral features. AIMS: To provide (a) a complete review of the oral manifestations in those living with each type of inherited EB, (b) the current best practices for managing oral health care of people living with EB, (c) the current best practices on dental implant-based oral rehabilitation for patients with recessive dystrophic EB (RDEB), and (d) the current best practice for managing local anesthesia, principles of sedation, and general anesthesia for children and adults with EB undergoing dental treatment. METHODS: Systematic literature search, panel discussion including clinical experts and patient representatives from different centers around the world, external review, and guideline piloting. RESULTS: This article has been divided into five chapters: (i) general information on EB for the oral health care professional, (ii) systematic literature review on the oral manifestations of EB, (iii) oral health care and dental treatment for children and adults living with EB-clinical practice guidelines, (iv) dental implants in patients with RDEB-clinical practice guidelines, and (v) sedation and anesthesia for adults and children with EB undergoing dental treatment-clinical practice guidelines. Each chapter provides recommendations on the management of the different clinical procedures within dental practice, highlighting the importance of patient-clinician partnership, impact on quality of life, and the importance of follow-up appointments. Guidance on the use on nonadhesive wound care products and emollients to reduce friction during patient care is provided. CONCLUSIONS: Oral soft and hard tissue manifestations of inherited EB have unique patterns of involvement associated with each subtype of the condition. Understanding each subtype individually will help the professionals plan long-term treatment approaches.


Asunto(s)
Anestesia Dental , Epidermólisis Ampollosa Distrófica , Epidermólisis Ampollosa , Adulto , Niño , Humanos , Salud Bucal , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto , Calidad de Vida
3.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 911-919, 2020 10 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215482

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Candida albicans is frequently detected together with Streptococcus mutans in the plaque or biofilms of children with early childhood caries (ECC). The aim of this study was to examine the association of the microbial counts of C. albicans and S. mutans in the supragingival plaque with the activity status of carious lesions and oral health practices in children with ECC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 66 children aged 5 years were examined and their caries status recorded as per the ICDAS-II and the Lesion Activity Assessment (LAA) criteria. A questionnaire covering oral health practices was administered to parents. Plaque samples were collected and cultured on mitis salivarus bacitracin (MSB) agar and CHROMagar. Data was analysed using Spearman's rank correlation and Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant positive correlation between the levels of S. mutans and C. albicans (rs = 0.702, p <0.001). A positive correlation was seen between the percentage of active carious lesions with the colony counts of S. mutans (rs = 0.884, p <0.001) and C. albicans (rs = 0.785, p <0.001). Improper toothbrushing practices, dietary and feeding practices were statistically significantly associated with activity of caries lesions, S. mutans and C. albicans count. CONCLUSION: The total count of C. albicans and S. mutans in the supragingival dental plaque of children with ECC increases with an increase in the percentage of active carious lesions and the severity of dental caries. Improper oral health practices can lead to increased number of active carious lesions, as well as increased microbial load of both S. mutans and C. albicans.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Placa Dental , Candida albicans , Niño , Preescolar , Humanos , Salud Bucal , Streptococcus mutans
4.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 921-928, 2020 10 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215483

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated utilisation behaviour of the dentist compared to general practitioners (GP) and medical specialists in a German cohort under consideration of risk indicators for irregular dental attendance. METHODS: Analysis of the results of the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study (Leipzig, Germany) was performed. A total of 2231 participants of the LIFE-Adult-Study were randomly selected to complete the relevant questionnaire, considering medical attendance behaviour. Associations of self-reported medical conditions, including dentaland medical attendance, sociodemographic factors, as well as self-reported general health status and oral health complaints were determined. RESULTS: Of the 2231 participants who were included in the analysis, 14.2% reported not to have visited the dentist during the preceding 12 months. There could be shown a more selective utilisation behaviour towards medical services in smokers, men, low socioeconomic status and depression. Women were more likely to attend the dentist than men (OR = 1.8, CI = 1.4-2.3). Smoking (OR = 0.7, CI = 0.6-1.0), low socioeconomic status (OR = 0.6, CI = 0.4-0.8) and depression (OR = 0.6, CI = 0.4-0.9) were related to less dental attendance. Additionally, persons who do not visit the dentist regularly showed less attendance of the GP as well as medical specialists (p <0.05). Depression could be shown to be an additional risk factor for unfavourable utilisation behaviour towards the dentist. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed differences in dental and medical attendance, depending on different patient-related factors. Focusing attention towards high-risk groups might improve dental as well as medical utilisation behaviour, and therefore health status as well.


Asunto(s)
Estado de Salud , Salud Bucal , Adulto , Femenino , Alemania/epidemiología , Humanos , Renta , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 981-990, 2020 10 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215489

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To analyze in vitro new formulations with Citrox and chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) regarding their antibacterial activity against planktonic bacteria and their potential to inhibit biofilm formation or to act on existing biofilms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five oral health care products with 0.05%-0.5% CHX formulations (four rinses and one gel) were compared with Citrox preparations and additive-free CHX solutions. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) were determined against 13 oral bacteria associated with caries or periodontitis. Further, the activity on retarding biofilm formation and on existing biofilms was analyzed; both a 'cariogenic' (5 species) and a 'periodontal' (12 species) biofilm were included. RESULTS: The MIC values did not differ between the CHX mouthrinse/gel formulations and the respective additive-free CHX solutions. Citrox was active against selected periodontopathogens (e.g. Porphyromonas gingivalis). The CHX formulations more effectively retarded biofilm formation than did solutions with the same concentration of CHX but without additives. The anti-biofilm activities depended on the CHX concentration in the formulations. Both CHX solutions and formulations (rinse and gel) were only slightly active on an already formed biofilm. Citrox did not exert any anti-biofilm effect. CONCLUSION: The present in vitro data support the anti-biofilm activity of the novel CHX, Citrox, poly-L-lysine and xylitol oral health-care formulations. Further studies are warranted to confirm the present findings in various clinical settings.


Asunto(s)
Clorhexidina , Salud Bucal , Biopelículas , Clorhexidina/análogos & derivados , Clorhexidina/farmacología , Antisépticos Bucales/farmacología
6.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(10): 551-555, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Holandés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156296

RESUMEN

Saliva is of crucial importance to the quality of life and oral health in particular. Saliva is secreted by the different salivary glands and contains a large variety of biomolecules, including proteins, peptides and other substances involved in protecting oral tissue. The most versatile salivary proteins are the mucins. These glycoproteins play a role in many different processes, including protection, defence, food processing and lubrication. In addition, saliva contains complementary antimicrobial proteins that keep the oral microbiome in check in a healthy mouth. The salivary peptide histatin plays an important role in wound healing by inducing cells at the edges of a wound to close the wound by cell migration and cell stretching. The management of saliva secretion is a complex process and includes an interplay between the nervous system, stimulators such as chewing and taste, and inhibitory factors such as stress, pain and (negative) emotions. The importance of saliva to oral health becomes especially clear when saliva production has been chronically inhibited or has ceased entirely, for example, as a result of the adverse effects of polypharmacy, in patients undergoing radiotherapy in the head and neck area or those suffering from Sjögren's syndrome. Loss of the protective effect of saliva makes teeth more vulnerable to various disorders. Ideally, the general dental practice should pay more attention to patients suffering from dry mouth and related care.


Asunto(s)
Histatinas , Saliva , Humanos , Salud Bucal , Calidad de Vida , Salivación
7.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(10): 567-571, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Holandés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156299

RESUMEN

Saliva is a very multifaceted fluid with many different functions and it plays an essential role in oral health. With an aging population, dental professionals will increasingly be confronted with patients with reduced saliva secretion (hyposalivation) or dry mouth (xerostomia). Clinical symptoms as a result of dry mouth vary from mild to severe damage to the hard and soft tissues. Therefore it is important to establish whether a patient is suffering from hyposalivation and if so, whether the patient is able to activate the saliva secretion. Based on saliva testing, hyposalivation and dry mouth can be diagnosed in the general dental practice and be taken into account in prevention and treatment plans.


Asunto(s)
Saliva , Xerostomía , Anciano , Envejecimiento , Humanos , Salud Bucal , Xerostomía/diagnóstico
8.
Orthod Fr ; 91(3): 209-224, 2020 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146616

RESUMEN

This study is aimed at evaluating the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in adolescents aged 11-14 years-old during orthodontic therapy and 18 months after the start of treatment and the possible role of psychological parameters. Sixty patients were recruited, and data were collected using self-administrated questionnaires and intraoral clinical examinations. The questionnaires included sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender), the Lebanese version of the Child Perception Questionnaire between 11 and 14 years CPQ11-14 to assess the OHRQoL, the Discrepancy Aesthetic Index (DAI) for malocclusion, and the Child Health Questionnaire « CHQ-CF87 ¼ to appraise Self-Esteem (SE) and Psychological Well-Being (PWB). The mean scores of CPQ11-14 and its four subdomains were significantly better for participants with high SE /PWB compared to those with low SE / PWB at baseline. These same scores improved significantly during orthodontic treatment (p < 0.001). However, DAI was significantly better in patients with low self-esteem and psychological well-being. Our findings showed improvement in oral health perception and psychologic parameters during orthodontic treatment. Investigators should consider the need to control the psychological parameters of patients when assessing orthodontic treatment need and improvement in OHRQoL during orthodontic treatment.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión , Calidad de Vida , Adolescente , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Estética Dental , Humanos , Maloclusión/terapia , Salud Bucal , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
9.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 48(287): 327-330, 2020 Oct 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130792

RESUMEN

It is known that every day 2,500 children under the age of 18 try their first cigarette, and more than 400 of them become new, regular smokers, and half of them will die from this addiction in the future. AIM: The aim of the study is to determine changes in the indices of dental status in adolescents with tobacco smoking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 54 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. They were divided into the main group of 25 adolescents with a smoking experience of 1 to 3 years, and a control group of 29 adolescents who were physically healthy at the time of the study and had never smoked. During their visit to dentist for a preventive examination such indexes were investigated as simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) (Greene-Vermillion), papillary-marginal-alveolar index (PMA), Fedorov-Volodkina index, caries severity index, index of the need for treatment of periodontal disease and biophysical methods of oral fluid research: rate of salivation, elasticity, pH of oral fluid. RESULTS: The changes in dental status identified in the study in adolescents with addiction to smoking indicated certain aspects of the risk of developing dental diseases in this group of patients with prevalence of periodontal inflammation. The most vulnerable, with a short history of smoking, were periodontal tissues. It could indicate the direct effect of tobacco smoke on the microcirculation of the gums. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking is a risk factor for periodontal health in adolescents. The periodontal inflammation of various severities was established in children and adolescents aged 12-18 years old. Evaluation of oral health indices has been estimated from 0.79 ± 0.19 to 1.9 ± 0.05 (p<0.05) for Greene-Vermilion, from 1.5 ± 0.41 to 2.5 ± 0.59 (p<0.05) for Fedorov-Volodkina, from 12.0± 2.06% to 36.0 ± 2.04% to for PMA (p<0.05) as result of adolescent smoking. Simultaneously we didn't estimate significant difference for caries severity in investigated groups.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Adictiva , Enfermedades Periodontales , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Salud Bucal , Fumar/epidemiología , Tabaco
10.
Recurso Educacional Abierto en Portugués | CVSP - Regional | ID: oer-3910

RESUMEN

Fast- Track em saúde bucal Atendimento de urgência em odontologia Equipamentos de proteção Individual


Asunto(s)
Pandemias/prevención & control , Protocolos Clínicos , Salud Bucal , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa de Profesional a Paciente/prevención & control
11.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-47927

RESUMEN

A Global Child Dental Fund (GCDFund) – organização sem fins lucrativos do Reino Unido – atualizou o Guia de Saúde Oral Materno-infantil, elaborado pela equipe de consultores da instituição e apoiado pela Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria (SBP), com foco na gestante, no bebê e na criança. O documento traz a importância de manter de forma regular a consulta ao dentista durante a gestação e nos primeiros anos de vida, mesmo durante a pandemia de Covid-19.


Asunto(s)
Salud Bucal , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Mujeres Embarazadas , Betacoronavirus
12.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 913-918, 2020 Oct 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047729

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To understand the oral health status of children aged 3-12 in Shaoshan area of Hunan province and to evaluate the role of oral health educations based on community such as fluoride varnish, oral hygiene introduction in improving the oral health of children in the area so as to gain expe-rience. METHODS: The study used cluster sampling to select 3 kindergartens and 2 primary schools in different economic development areas of Shaoshan. Oral health status survey and interventions were conducted in December 2014 and September 2016, respectively. The average debris index, decayed missing filled teeth (deciduous teeth: dmft; permanent teeth: DMFT), and caries prevalence rate of children aged 3-6 years and 6-12 years were compared. At the same time, children aged 5 and 12 were used as representative populations to compare the indices as listed before and the caries prevalence rate of the first permanent molar in 12-year-old children was compared as well. Finally, health economic analysis was carried out based on the 2 years' result. RESULTS: In this study, 992 children and 896 children in 2014 and 2016 were included respectively. As for children aged 3-6 years, the average debris index and dmft in 2016 were significantly less than that in 2014 (P < 0.001, P < 0.001), and the difference of DMFT was not significant (P=0.419). Children aged 6-12 years showed the same result, the average debris index and dmft in 2016 were significantly less than those in 2014 (P < 0.001, P=0.013), and the difference in DMFT was not significant (P=0.674). 173 and 179 5-year-old children were included in 2014 and 2016 respectively, and the dmft showed significant difference (P=0.038); the caries prevalence rate was 75.7% and 71.5%, respectively, which was also not significant (P=0.370). With respect to the 12-year-old children, 65 and 104 children were included and the differences in dmft and DMFT were not significant (P=0.133, P=0.171). The caries prevalence of the first permanent molar in the 12-year-old children was 36.9% and 26.9%, whose difference was not significant (P=0.171). CONCLUSION: The application of fluoride varnish and oral health education can significantly reduce the dmft of children aged 3-12 years in Shaoshan area and significantly improve the oral hygiene status. DMFT, the caries prevalence rate of 5-year-old children's deciduous teeth and 12-year-old children's first permanent molar showed a decline.


Asunto(s)
Fluoruros , Salud Bucal , Niño , Preescolar , Índice CPO , Humanos , Diente Molar , Prevalencia
13.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(11): 825-834, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121604

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A virtual oral health care help line was established to provide consultation and triage for people with dental questions and concerns. Its goal during a pandemic was to keep patients from seeking unnecessary in-person care from emergency departments and urgent care clinics, especially when dental practices were closed or limited to providing essential urgent and emergency oral health care. METHODS: The Adams School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, developed the Carolina Dentistry Virtual Oral Health Care Helpline using a quality improvement framework with faculty and staff member feedback. The process included establishing infrastructure (phone, video, protocols, referrals, documentation), personnel (scheduling, training, calibration), and internal and external communication. The authors collected retrospective information for descriptive evaluation of the first month's operations. RESULTS: There were 337 telephone calls answered, of which 65 (19%) were administrative and 272 (81%) were related to dental concerns. Dental pain (54%) was the most prevalent reason for calling. Triage and Providers referred 107 of 175 callers (61%) to the school's urgent care center. Of the 79 callers who received teleconsultations from virtual providers, 33 (42%) did not require additional follow-up, and 7 (9%) needed a follow-up phone call. Overall, 4 people were referred to community clinics, and 4 were referred to the emergency department. CONCLUSIONS: The Helpline was launched quickly and improved through quality improvement cycles, and it provided a needed community dental service. The process resolved some patient concerns without their seeking urgent or emergency care. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The pandemic has increased teledentistry practice. The authors describe establishing a dental school's virtual oral health Helpline, which provides a framework for dental practices seeking to use this patient communication modality.


Asunto(s)
Salud Bucal , Pandemias , Odontología , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Triaje
14.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(5): 373-379, 2020 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087222

RESUMEN

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschoolers before (T1), 15 days (T2), and three months (T3) after carious lesion treatments using 30 percent silver diamine fluoride (SDF, N equals 59) and atraumatic restorative treatment (ART, n equals 59). Methods: Data about sociodemographic aspects and OHRQoL through the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale questionnaire (B-ECOHIS) were collected between 2016 and 2019. Total B-ECOHIS, impact on children (CIS), and family (FIS) values were used. The Mann-Whitney test compared these values, and the effect size (ES) of treatments was also calculated. Results: Toothache and upset/ guilty parents were the most reported impacts on T1. Total B-ECOHIS did not statistically vary between girls and boys or children older or younger than four years old, and socioeconomic status was not a factor either. Total B-ECOHIS, their impacts, and subscales were higher in children with high decayed, missing, and filled primary teeth (dmft) scores (P<0.05). SDF and ART did not vary among B-ECOHIS, CIS, and FIS at any time (P>0.05). Total B-ECOHIS decreased for both treatments (P<0.05). The ES was moderate for children in T2 and T3, considering all treatments, while for families the ES was moderate at T2 and small/moderate at T3 after treatment with SDF and ART, respectively. Conclusion: Treatments with 30 percent silver diamine fluoride or atraumatic restorative treatment improved the oral health-related quality of life of preschoolers, with no variation among those treated.


Asunto(s)
Tratamiento Restaurativo Atraumático Dental , Salud Bucal , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Fluoruros Tópicos , Humanos , Masculino , Calidad de Vida , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario , Compuestos de Plata
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22967, 2020 Oct 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120860

RESUMEN

Oral health can affect or be a manifestation of general health. Although oral health assessment has been used as a proxy for general health, few studies have reported an association between oral health status and allergic diseases. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between subjective oral health status and asthma/allergic rhinitis in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adults.A total of 227,977 participants from the Korean Community Health Survey 2015 were enrolled. Participants were asked about their subjective oral health status (very good, good, normal, poor, very poor), periodontal status (mobility, swelling, calculus, bleeding), teeth brushing frequency, and scaling history within the past 12 months. Histories of physician-diagnosed asthma and allergic rhinitis throughout life were surveyed. The associations between subjective oral health status and allergic diseases were analyzed using multiple logistic regression analysis. Age, sex, economic level, educational level, region of residence, smoking, alcohol, obesity, subjective general health status, stress level, physical activity, periodontal status, teeth brushing frequency, and scaling history within the past 12 months were adjusted as covariates.A higher prevalence of asthma (3.6%) was reported in the poor oral health group than in the good (1.8%) and normal (2.1%) groups (P < .001). Poor oral health status was significantly related to asthma, with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 1.19 (95% CI = 1.07-1.33, P = .002). Although the prevalence of allergic rhinitis was not higher in the poor oral health group (13.4%) than in the good (15.4%) and normal oral health groups (15.9%), the aOR for allergic rhinitis was 1.05 (95% CI = 1.00-1.11, P = .045) in the poor oral health group after adjusting for covariates.Subjective poor oral health status was significantly associated with asthma and allergic rhinitis in Korean adults.


Asunto(s)
Asma/epidemiología , Salud Bucal/estadística & datos numéricos , Rinitis Alérgica/epidemiología , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Encuestas Epidemiológicas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Salud Bucal/tendencias , Prevalencia , República de Corea/epidemiología , Clase Social
16.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239316, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031410

RESUMEN

Porphyromonas gingivalis is the keystone pathogen of periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease which causes tooth loss and deterioration of gingiva. Medicinal plants have been traditionally used for oral hygiene and health and might play a role as antibacterial agents against oral pathogens. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of plants used for oral hygiene or symptoms of periodontitis against P. gingivalis. We first reviewed the literature to identify plant species used for oral hygiene or symptoms of periodontitis. Then, we cross-checked this species list with our in-house library of plant extracts to select extracts for testing. Antibacterial activity tests were then performed for each plant extract against P. gingivalis, and their cytotoxicity was assessed on HaCaT cells. The selectivity index (SI) was then calculated. A total of 416 plant species belonging to 110 families and 305 genera were documented through our literature search, and 158 plant species were noted as being used by North American Native peoples Once cross-checked with the extracts contained in our library of natural products, 30 matches were identified and 21 were defined as high priority. Of the 109 extracts from 21 plant species selected and tested, 21 extracts from 11 plants had higher than 90% inhibition on P. gingivalis at 64 µg/mL and were further selected for MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) assays. Out of 21 plant extracts, 13 extracts (7 plant species) had a SI > 10. Pistacia lentiscus fruits showed the best MIC with value of 8 µg/mL, followed by Zanthoxylum armatum fruits/seeds with a MIC of 16 µg/mL. P. lentiscus fruits also showed the highest SI of 256. Most of the extracts tested present promising antibacterial activity and low cytotoxicity. Further testing for biofilm eradication and examination of activity against other dental pathogens and oral commensals should be performed to confirm the potential of these extracts as antibacterial agents. Future work will focus on application of a bioassay-guided fractionation approach to isolating and identifying the most active natural products in the top performing extracts. This study can serve as a basis for their future development as ingredients for oral hygiene products.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos/farmacología , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología , Plantas Medicinales/química , Porphyromonas gingivalis/efectos de los fármacos , Antibacterianos/química , Línea Celular , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Humanos , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Salud Bucal , Pistacia/química , Pistacia/metabolismo , Extractos Vegetales/química , Semillas/química , Semillas/metabolismo , Zanthoxylum/química , Zanthoxylum/metabolismo
17.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD004346, 2020 10 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053198

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is ongoing debate about the frequency with which patients should attend for a dental check-up and the effects on oral health of the interval between check-ups. Recommendations regarding optimal recall intervals vary between countries and dental healthcare systems, but 6-month dental check-ups have traditionally been advocated by general dental practitioners in many high-income countries. This review updates a version first published in 2005, and updated in 2007 and 2013. OBJECTIVES: To determine the optimal recall interval of dental check-up for oral health in a primary care setting. SEARCH METHODS: Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 17 January 2020), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; in the Cochrane Library, 2019, Issue 12), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 17 January 2020), and Embase Ovid (1980 to 17 January 2020). We also searched the US National Institutes of Health Trials Registry (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform for ongoing trials. We placed no restrictions on the language or date of publication when searching. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of different dental recall intervals in a primary care setting. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors screened search results against inclusion criteria, extracted data and assessed risk of bias, independently and in duplicate. We contacted study authors for clarification or further information where necessary and feasible. We expressed the estimate of effect as mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for continuous outcomes and risk ratios (RR) with 95% CIs for dichotomous outcomes. We assessed the certainty of the evidence using GRADE. MAIN RESULTS: We included two studies with data from 1736 participants. One study was conducted in a public dental service clinic in Norway and involved participants under 20 years of age who were regular attenders at dental appointments. It compared 12-month with 24-month recall intervals and measured outcomes at two years. The other study was conducted in UK general dental practices and involved adults who were regular attenders, which was defined as having attended the dentist at least once in the previous two years. It compared the effects of 6-month, 24-month and risk-based recall intervals, and measured outcomes at four years. The main outcomes we considered were dental caries, gingival bleeding and oral-health-related quality of life. Neither study measured other potential adverse effects. 24-month versus 12-month recall at 2 years' follow-up Due to the very low certainty of evidence from one trial, it is unclear if there is an important difference in caries experience between assignment to a 24-month or a 12-month recall. For 3- to 5-year-olds with primary teeth, the mean difference (MD) in dmfs (decayed, missing, and filled tooth surfaces) increment was 0.90 (95% CI -0.16 to 1.96; 58 participants). For 16- to 20-year-olds with permanent teeth, the MD in DMFS increment was 0.86 (95% CI -0.03 to 1.75; 127 participants). The trial did not assess other clinical outcomes of relevance to this review. Risk-based recall versus 6-month recall at 4 years' follow-up We found high-certainty evidence from one trial of adults that there is little to no difference between risk-based and 6-month recall intervals for the outcomes: number of tooth surfaces with any caries (ICDAS 1 to 6; MD 0.15, 95% CI -0.77 to 1.08; 1478 participants); proportion of sites with gingival bleeding (MD 0.78%, 95% CI -1.17% to 2.73%; 1472 participants); oral-health-related quality of life (MD in OHIP-14 scores -0.35, 95% CI -1.02 to 0.32; 1551 participants). There is probably little to no difference in the prevalence of moderate to extensive caries (ICDAS 3 to 6) between the groups (RR 1.04, 95% CI 0.99 to 1.09; 1478 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). 24-month recall versus 6-month recall at 4 years' follow-up We found moderate-certainty evidence from one trial of adults that there is probably little to no difference between 24-month and 6-month recall intervals for the outcomes: number of tooth surfaces with any caries (MD -0.60, 95% CI -2.54 to 1.34; 271 participants); percentage of sites with gingival bleeding (MD -0.91%, 95% CI -5.02% to 3.20%; 271 participants). There may be little to no difference between the groups in the prevalence of moderate to extensive caries (RR 1.05, 95% CI 0.92 to 1.20; 271 participants; low-certainty evidence). We found high-certainty evidence that there is little to no difference in oral-health-related quality of life between the groups (MD in OHIP-14 scores -0.24, 95% CI -1.55 to 1.07; 305 participants). Risk-based recall versus 24-month recall at 4 years' follow-up We found moderate-certainty evidence from one trial of adults that there is probably little to no difference between risk-based and 24-month recall intervals for the outcomes: prevalence of moderate to extensive caries (RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.95 to 1.19; 279 participants); number of tooth surfaces with any caries (MD 1.40, 95% CI -0.69 to 3.49; 279 participants). We found high-certainty evidence that there is no important difference between the groups in the percentage of sites with gingival bleeding (MD -0.07%, 95% CI -4.10% to 3.96%; 279 participants); or in oral-health-related quality of life (MD in OHIP-14 scores -0.37, 95% CI -1.69 to 0.95; 298 participants). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: For adults attending dental check-ups in primary care settings, there is little to no difference between risk-based and 6-month recall intervals in the number of tooth surfaces with any caries, gingival bleeding and oral-health-related quality of life over a 4-year period (high-certainty evidence). There is probably little to no difference between the recall strategies in the prevalence of moderate to extensive caries (moderate-certainty evidence). When comparing 24-month with either 6-month or risk-based recall intervals for adults, there is moderate- to high-certainty evidence that there is little to no difference in the number of tooth surfaces with any caries, gingival bleeding and oral-health-related quality of life over a 4-year period. The available evidence on recall intervals between dental check-ups for children and adolescents is uncertain. The two trials we included in the review did not assess adverse effects of different recall strategies.


Asunto(s)
Citas y Horarios , Atención Odontológica/normas , Salud Bucal , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Preescolar , Caries Dental/epidemiología , Dentición Permanente , Hemorragia Gingival/epidemiología , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Retención en el Cuidado , Factores de Tiempo , Diente Primario , Adulto Joven
18.
J Med Life ; 13(3): 321-328, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072203

RESUMEN

Dental health plays an imperative role in the general health and well-being of an individual. Terminally ill patients due to a compromised immune response are susceptible to a wide array of oral complications, which may affect their ability to speak and chew, leading to malnutrition. The present study was conducted to evaluate dental health and various oral manifestations in terminally ill patients. One hundred twenty terminally ill patients hospitalized with diseases of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, circulatory system, liver, and endocrinal disorders were included in the study. The evaluation of oral manifestations and their prevalence was done by a single examiner. The oral health was evaluated according to symptoms exhibited by the patients and clinical presentation. Of the patients included in the study, 78 were male, and 42 were female. All the individuals were adults between 25 to 55 years of age. Out of 120 admitted terminally ill patients, 27 subjects had respiratory diseases, 17 had gastrointestinal disorders, 5 had disorders of the circulatory system, 39 had liver disorders, and 32 had endocrine disorders. A need for added comprehension is mandatory to link the inter-relationships between dentistry and medicine to further perk up the management of the overall health of patients, which will further reinforce the partnership between dental and medical communities.


Asunto(s)
Salud Bucal , Enfermo Terminal , Adulto , Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
19.
San Salvador; Guillermo Alfonso Aguirre Escobar; Primera Edición; 08.10.2020. 70 p.
No convencional en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122047

RESUMEN

Introducción: Considerando la revisión bibliográfica realizada y los datos oficiales disponibles, se podría afirmar que El Salvador sufre un analfabetismo epidemiológico en lo referente a las principales afecciones del Sistema Estomatognático, debido entre otras múltiples causas a la carencia o limitado número de estudios con rigor científico-metodológico, que reflejen la situación global de las principales afecciones del Sistema Estomatognático en diferentes grupos etarios. Ante ello, se realiza la primera encuesta de salud bucal a nivel nacional, apegada a lo establecido metodológicamente por la OMS, criterios actualizados y considerando muestras representativas de diferentes edades, zonas geográficas del país y condiciones sociodemográficas. Objetivos: Determinar la condición de salud bucal y las necesidades de tratamiento de la población salvadoreña a través de la aplicación de diferentes indicadores epidemiológicos, caracterizar la población según condición sociodemográfica, identificar sus conocimientos y prácticas en salud bucal. Metodología: El diseño corresponde a un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, característico de una encuesta de salud oral y metodología Pathfinder según OMS. El trabajo de campo se efectuó en 24 municipios de El Salvador, entre 2016 y 2017. La muestra total fue de 3881 salvadoreños, de ambos sexos, distribuidos en seis grupos etarios (2-5, 5-6, 6-12, 13-17,18-30, 31-45 y 60 a más), siguiendo la técnica de muestreo estratificado por conglomerados sugerida por el Manual de Encuestas de Salud Bucodental de la OMS, 2013. Los datos fueron analizados en SPSS V25, donde fueron calculadas las medias, desviaciones estándar y porcentajes de las variables analizadas.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Encuestas de Salud Bucal , Salud Bucal , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Índice de Higiene Oral , Índice Periodontal , Caries Dental , Fluorosis Dental
20.
J Dent Hyg ; 94(5): 6-13, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008944

RESUMEN

Purpose: Depression is a rising global health concern manifesting bidirectional relationships between chronic disease conditions such as type 2 diabetes and oral health. The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of oral health care professionals towards individuals with depression.Methods: A 24-item, validated Knowledge Attitudes and Practices (KAP) survey was used for this descriptive, cross-sectional study. Non-probability, convenience and snowball sampling was used to recruit oral health care professionals (dentists, dental hygienists and dental assistants) to participate in an electronic survey. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data.Results: A total of 288 oral health care professionals (n=288) met the inclusion criteria. Age of the provider was positively correlated with reviewing or assisting in reviewing patient's depression history during routine dental visits (r=.16, p=.007), and referring or assisting in referring a patient to a mental health specialist (r=.30, p<.001). Number of years of practice was positively associated with referring or assisting in the referral of a patient to a mental health specialist (r=.29, p=.001). Oral health care professionals who indicated having had mental health during their education were more likely to indicate reviewing a history of depression with the patient (rho=.17, p=.004).Conclusion: Age, lack of practice experience and education may influence oral health care professionals' attitudes and practices when providing care for patients with depression. Mental health and its relationship to oral and systemic health may be an appropriate addition to dental program curricula. Oral health care providers should consider modifying routine practices to include the special needs of patients with depression.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Salud Bucal , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/terapia , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos
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