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1.
; OPS/OMS.
Recurso de Internet en Inglés, Español | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46986

RESUMEN

Siguiendo la recomendación del Comité de Emergencia, el Director General de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), doctor Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, ha declarado el brote del nuevo coronavirus (2019-nCoV) como una emergencia de salud pública de importancia internacional. En China, se confirmaron más de 7.700 casos y murieron 170 personas. Hay 82 casos adicionales confirmados en 18 países.


Asunto(s)
Coronavirus , Salud Global
2.
J Dent Educ ; 84(2): 176-185, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043587

RESUMEN

Dental education has seen increases in global health and international educational experiences in many dental schools' curricula. In response, the Consortium of Universities for Global Health's Global Oral Health Interest Group aims to develop readily available, open access resources for competency-based global oral health teaching and learning. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a Global Health Starter Kit (GHSK), an interdisciplinary, competency-based, open access curriculum for dental faculty members who wish to teach global oral health in their courses. Phase I (2012-17) evaluated longitudinal outcomes from two Harvard School of Dental Medicine pilot global health courses with 32 advanced and 34 predoctoral dental students. In Phase II (2018), the Phase I outcomes informed development, implementation, and evaluation of the open access GHSK (45 enrollees) written by an interdisciplinary, international team of 13 content experts and consisting of five modules: Global Trends, Global Goals, Back to Basics: Primary Care, Social Determinants and Risks, and Ethics and Sustainability. In Phase III (summer and fall 2018), five additional pilot institutions (two U.S. dental schools, one U.S. dental hygiene program, and two dental schools in low- and middle-income countries) participated in an early adoption of the GHSK curriculum. The increase in perceived knowledge scores of students enrolled in the pilot global health courses was similar to those enrolled in the GHSK, suggesting the kit educated students as well or better in nearly all categories than prior course materials. This study found the GHSK led to improvements in learning in the short term and may also contribute to long-term career planning and decision making by providing competency-based global health education.


Asunto(s)
Salud Global , Salud Bucal , Acceso a la Información , Curriculum , Humanos , Facultades de Odontología
5.
Epidemiol Health ; 42: e2020006, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023775

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from Wuhan, China is currently recognized as a public health emergency of global concern. METHODS: We reviewed the currently available literature to provide up-to-date guidance on control measures to be implemented by public health authorities. RESULTS: Some of the epidemiological characteristics of 2019-nCoV have been identified. However, there remain considerable uncertainties, which should be considered when providing guidance to public health authorities on control measures. CONCLUSIONS: Additional studies incorporating more detailed information from confirmed cases would be valuable.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , China/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Urgencias Médicas , Salud Global , Humanos , Salud Pública
7.
Lancet ; 395(10222): 390, 2020 02 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035531
8.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e101, 2020 Feb 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029018

RESUMEN

Against the backdrop of mounting calls for the global scaling-up of mental health services - including quality care and prevention services - there is very little guidance internationally on strategies for scaling-up such services. Drawing on lessons from scale-up attempts in six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and using exemplars from the front-lines in South Africa; we illustrate how health reforms towards people-centred chronic disease management provide enabling policy window opportunities for embedding mental health scale-up strategies into these reforms. Rather than going down the oft-trodden road of vertical funding for scale-up of mental health services, we suggest using the policy window that stresses global policy shifts towards strengthening of comprehensive integrated primary health care systems that are responsive to multimorbid chronic conditions. This is indeed a substantial opportunity to firmly locate mental health within these horizontal health systems strengthening funding agendas. While this approach will promote systems more enabling of scaling up of mental health services, implications for donor funders and researchers alike is the need for increased time commitments, resources and investment in local control.


Asunto(s)
Salud Global , Política de Salud , Servicios de Salud Mental/organización & administración , Salud Mental , Prestación Integrada de Atención de Salud , Países en Desarrollo , Humanos , Calidad de la Atención de Salud , Sudáfrica
11.
Lancet ; 395(10220): 268-269, 2020 01 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982062
12.
Lancet ; 395(10220): 271-272, 2020 01 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982068

Asunto(s)
Alimentos , Salud Global
15.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e91, 2020 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928566

RESUMEN

AIM: Schizophrenia is a serious health problem worldwide. This systematic analysis aims to quantify the burden of schizophrenia at the global, regional and national levels using the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 (GBD 2017). METHODS: We collected detailed information on the number of incidence cases, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and age-standardised incidence rate (ASIR) and age-standardised rate of DALYs (ASDR) during 1990-2017 from GBD 2017. The estimated annual percentage changes (EAPCs) in the ASIR and in the ASDR were calculated to quantify the temporal trends in the ASIR and ASDR of schizophrenia. RESULTS: Globally there were 1.13 million (95% uncertainty interval [UI] = 1.00 to 1.28) incident schizophrenia cases and 12.66 million (95% UI = 9.48 to 15.56) DALYs due to schizophrenia in 2017. The global ASIR decreased slightly from 1990 to 2017 (EAPC = -0.124, 95% UI = -0.114 to -0.135), while the ASDR was stable. The number of incident cases, DALYs, ASIR and ASDR were higher for males than for females. The incident rate and DALYs rate were highest among those aged 20-29 and 30-54 years, respectively. ASIR and ASDR were highest in East Asia in 2017, at 19.66 (95% UI = 17.72 to 22.00) and 205.23 (95% UI = 153.13 to 253.34), respectively. In 2017, the ASIR was highest in countries with a high-moderate sociodemographic index (SDI) and the ASDR was highest in high-SDI countries. We also found that the EAPC in ASDR was negatively correlated with the ASDR in 1990 (P = 0.001, ρ = -0.23). CONCLUSION: The global burden of schizophrenia remains large and continues to increase, thereby increasing the burden on health-care systems. The reported findings should be useful for resource allocation and health services planning for the increasing numbers of patients with schizophrenia in ageing societies.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Discapacidad/estadística & datos numéricos , Carga Global de Enfermedades/tendencias , Años de Vida Ajustados por Calidad de Vida , Esquizofrenia/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Femenino , Salud Global/tendencias , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo , Psicología del Esquizofrénico , Distribución por Sexo , Adulto Joven
20.
Lancet ; 395(10219): 168-170, 2020 01 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954445
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