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1.
J Occup Environ Med ; 63(6): 528-531, 2021 06 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950043

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Health care workers (HCWs) experience increased occupational risk of contracting COVID-19, with temporal trends that might inform surveillance. METHODS: We analyzed data from a Veterans Affairs hospital-based COVID-19 worker telephone hotline collected over 40 weeks (2020). We calculated the proportion of COVID-19+ cases among persons-under-investigation (PUIs) for illness compared to rates from a nearby large university-based health care institution. RESULTS: We observed 740 PUIs, 65 (8.8%) COVID-19+. Time trends were similar at the study and comparison hospitals; only for the first of 10 four-week observation periods was the ratio for observed to expected COVID-19+ significant (P < 0.001). DISCUSSION: These data suggest that employee health COVID-19+ to PUI ratios could be utilized as a barometer of community trends. Pooling experience among heath care facilities may yield insights into occupational infectious disease outbreaks.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/epidemiología , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Exposición Profesional/estadística & datos numéricos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Estudios de Cohortes , Hospitales Universitarios , Hospitales de Veteranos , Humanos , Incidencia , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , SARS-CoV-2/aislamiento & purificación , San Francisco/epidemiología , Vigilancia de Guardia
2.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12224, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955633

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Little is known about workplace measures against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Japan during the winter of 2020, especially in micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). This study aimed to provide an overview of the current situation of anti-COVID-19 measures in Japanese enterprises during the winter, considering company size. METHODS: This study was an Internet-based nationwide cross-sectional study. Individuals who were registered as full-time workers were invited to participate in the survey. Data were collected using an online self-administered questionnaire in December 2020. The chi-squared test for trend was performed to calculate the P-value for trend for each workplace measure across company sizes. RESULTS: For the 27 036 participants, across company sizes, the most prevalent workplace measure was encouraging mask wearing at work, followed by requesting that employees refrain from going to work when ill and restricting work-related social gatherings and entertainment. These measures were implemented by approximately 90% of large-scale enterprises and by more than 40% of micro- and small-scale enterprises. In contrast, encouraging remote working was implemented by less than half of large-scale enterprises and by around 20% of micro- and small-scale enterprises. There were statistically significant differences in all workplace measures by company size (all P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: We found that various responses to COVID-19 had been taken in workplaces. However, some measures, including remote working, were still not well-implemented, especially in smaller enterprises. The findings suggest that occupational health support for MSMEs is urgently needed to mitigate the current wave of COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , Promoción de la Salud/organización & administración , Servicios de Salud del Trabajador/organización & administración , Lugar de Trabajo/organización & administración , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Japón , Masculino , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos
3.
Ann Clin Psychiatry ; 33(2): 101-107, 2021 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878284

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic may adversely impact the mental health of health care workers (HCWs). To address this issue, it is essential to determine levels of anxiety, depression, and traumatic stress, and sources of stress, and to identify subgroups of HCWs at a higher risk of adverse mental health outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of symptoms of mental illness in HCWs in the area surrounding Detroit, Michigan. The online survey included questions about demographics, health and clinical factors, and sources of stress. Several tools were used to assess psychiatric symptoms among HCWs, including the Perceived Stress Scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item assessment, and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for DSM-5. The adequacy of personal protective equipment, patient resources, and training for highly contagious diseases were rated. RESULTS: The sample (N = 129) was predominantly female (51.2%) and White (65.9%), with 30.2% screening positive for clinical follow-up to assess anxiety, 20.9% for moderate to severe depression, and 16.3% for elevated traumatic stress. Differences were found by self-reported psychiatric diagnosis and chronic conditions, and role on treatment teams. CONCLUSIONS: Frontline HCWs demonstrate high levels of stress and trauma symptoms. Timely screening and accommodations may be needed during health care crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Personal de Salud , Estrés Laboral , Estrés Psicológico , Adulto , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Ansiedad/etiología , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/diagnóstico , Depresión/etiología , Femenino , Personal de Salud/psicología , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Michigan/epidemiología , Evaluación de Necesidades , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Estrés Laboral/diagnóstico , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Estrés Laboral/etiología , Estrés Laboral/psicología , Escalas de Valoración Psiquiátrica , SARS-CoV-2 , Trastornos de Estrés Traumático/etiología , Trastornos de Estrés Traumático/prevención & control , Estrés Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/etiología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
4.
N Z Med J ; 134(1534): 76-90, 2021 04 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927440

RESUMEN

AIM: Historically methoxyflurane was used for anaesthesia. Evidence of nephrotoxicity led to abandonment of this application. Subsequently, methoxyflurane, in lower doses, has re-emerged as an analgesic agent, typically used via the Penthrox inhaler in the ambulance setting. We review the literature to consider patient and occupational risks for methoxyflurane. METHOD: Articles were located via PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, Anesthesiology journal and the Cochrane Library. RESULTS: Early studies investigated pharmacokinetics and considered the resulting effects to pose minimal risk. Pre-clinical rodent studies utilised a species not vulnerable to the nephrotoxic fluoride metabolite of methoxyflurane, so nephrotoxicity was not identified until almost a decade after its introduction, and was initially met with scepticism. Further evidence of nephrotoxicity led to abandonment of methoxyflurane use for anaesthesia. Subsequent research suggested there are additional risks potentially relevant to recurrent patient or occupational exposure. Specifically, greater than expected fluoride production after repeated low-dose exposure, increased fluoride production due to medication-caused hepatic enzyme induction, fluoride deposition in bone potentially acting as a slow-release fluoride compartment, which suggests a risk of skeletal fluorosis, and hepatotoxicity. Gestational risk is unclear. CONCLUSIONS: Methoxyflurane poses a potentially substantial health risk in high (anaesthetic) doses, and there are a number of pathways whereby repeated exposure to methoxyflurane in lower doses may pose a risk. Single analgesic doses in modern use generally appear safe for patients. However, the safety of recurrent patient or occupational healthcare-worker exposure has not been confirmed, and merits further investigation.


Asunto(s)
Anestésicos por Inhalación/efectos adversos , Exposición por Inhalación/efectos adversos , Metoxiflurano/efectos adversos , Exposición Profesional/efectos adversos , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Enfermedades Renales/inducido químicamente , Medición de Riesgo
5.
J Safety Res ; 76: 289-300, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653561

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Modern approaches to Occupational Health and Safety have acknowledged the important contribution that continuous improvements to working conditions can make to the motivation of employees, their subsequent performance, and therefore to the competitiveness of the company. Despite this fact, organizational change initiatives represent a path less traveled by employees. Specialized literature has drawn on the fact that employees' satisfaction presents both the foundation and catalyst for effective implementation of improvements to working conditions. METHOD: This paper conceptualizes the alignment of employees through measurement of job satisfaction and uses the Bayesian Network to assess the influence of human factors, particularly the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects. Toward this aim, the Bayesian Network is evaluated through a cross-validation process, and a sensitivity analysis is then conducted for each influential dimension: emotional, cognitive, and behavioral. RESULTS: The results reveal that these three dimensions are interrelated and have a direct influence on job satisfaction and employees' alignment during the organization change. Further, they suggest that the best strategy for enhanced alignment and smooth conduct of organizational changes is simultaneous enhancement of the three dimensions. Practical applications: This study shows the influence of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral dimensions on job satisfaction and employees' alignment during the organizational change. Furthermore, it elaborates the way to develop efficient and effective strategies for a successful change implementation and sustained alignment.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Innovación Organizacional , Teorema de Bayes , Cognición , Emociones , Humanos
6.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12209, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33665926

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused devastating damage to employment globally, particularly among the non-standard workforce. The objective of this study was to identify the effects of the pandemic on the employment status and lives of working students in Japan. METHODS: The Labour Force Survey (January 2019 to May 2020) was used to examine changes in students' work situations. In addition, to investigate the economic and health conditions of university students during the pandemic, the Student Lifestyle Survey was conducted in late May 2020. This survey asked students at a national university in Tokyo about recent changes in their studies, work, and lives. RESULTS: The number of working students reported in the Labour Force Survey has declined sharply since March 2020, falling by 780,000 (46%) in April. According to a survey of university students' living conditions, 37% were concerned about living expenses and tuition fees, and a higher percentage of students who were aware of financial insecurity had poor self-rated health. CONCLUSION: Nearly half of working students have lost their jobs during the pandemic in Japan, which has affected their lives, studies, and health. There is a need to monitor the impact of economic insecurity on students' studies and health over time, and to expand the safety net for disadvantaged students.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/psicología , Empleo/psicología , Estilo de Vida , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiología , Empleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Japón , Masculino , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Equilibrio entre Vida Personal y Laboral , Adulto Joven
7.
Arch. prev. riesgos labor. (Ed. impr.) ; 24(1): 20-33, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-197118

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: La promoción de la salud en el trabajo integra las iniciativas en salud y seguridad en ámbito ocupacional, con mejoras personales, incremento de productividad y menores riesgos y gastos sociales, especialmente en migraña, como enfermedad neurológica con prevalencia estimada en el 11% de la población. El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer las condiciones preventivas de los trabajadores con migraña y las opciones de gestión preventiva en sus empresas. MÉTODO: Estudio observacional transversal realizado en 3.342 pacientes de España, Italia, Francia, Portugal, Irlanda, Reino Unido, Alemania y otros países de la UE mediante encuesta anónima en la web de la European Migraine & Headache Alliance (EMHA-web), entre septiembre de 2018 y enero de 2019. RESULTADOS: Estrés laboral y uso de PVD son los riesgos más referidos por los trabajadores con migraña. El 43.71% de trabajadores desconoce el tipo de Servicio de Prevención de su empresa, 49.06% no dispone de servicio médico; el 67.67% no ha tenido impedimentos de acceso laboral por migraña, ni despido o no renovación del contrato, pero el 42,14% tuvo algún conflicto por pérdida de productividad; el 26,54% desconoce el concepto de especial sensibilidad o no lo ha solicitado por migraña; un 55,42% no se ha sentido comprendido ni apoyado por su empresa en sus limitaciones por migraña, pero sí por los compañeros. CONCLUSIÓN: Se observa una deficiente información preventiva y escaso uso de las opciones de gestión adaptativa en las empresas para personas con migraña


INTRODUCTION: Workplace health promotion integrates initiatives in health and safety in the occupational field, with personal improvements, increased productivity and lower risks and social cost, especially with respect to migraine headaches, a neurological disorder affecting approximately 11% of the population. The objective of this study was to know the preventive resources available to workers with migraine headaches and the preventive management options in their companies. METHOD: Cross-sectional observational study of 3,342 patients from Spain, Italy, France, Portugal, Ireland, United Kingdom, Germany and other European Union countries, conducted through an anonymous survey on the web of the European Migraine & Headache Alliance (EMHA-web), from September 2018 to January 2019. RESULTS: Occupational stress (77.65%) and use of computer monitors (63.87%) are the most common risks described by workers with migraine. About. 43.71% of workers are not familiar with the type of occupational health service present in their company, 49.06% do not have a medical service; 67.67% reported no work-related limitations due to migraine, neither dismissal nor non-renewal of their contract (88.29%), but 42.14% had experienced some conflict due to decreased productivity; 26.54% were unaware of the concept of vulnerable workers or had not requested this status because of their migraine (63.8%), nor had they demanded job accommodations (67.64%) or job change (80.89%); 55.42% did not feel understood or supported by their company in their limitations due to migraine, although they did feel they were supported by their colleagues (63.07%). CONCLUSION: We found that preventive resources and information were deficient, and that there was little use of adaptive management options for workers with migraine in their companies


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Trastornos Migrañosos/prevención & control , Servicios de Salud del Trabajador/estadística & datos numéricos , Trastornos Migrañosos/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Riesgos Laborales , Lugar de Trabajo , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología
8.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 70(7): 250-253, 2021 Feb 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600383

RESUMEN

Certain hazard controls, including physical barriers, cloth face masks, and other personal protective equipment (PPE), are recommended to reduce coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) transmission in the workplace (1). Evaluation of occupational hazard control use for COVID-19 prevention can identify inadequately protected workers and opportunities to improve use. CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health used data from the June 2020 SummerStyles survey to characterize required and voluntary use of COVID-19-related occupational hazard controls among U.S. non-health care workers. A survey-weighted regression model was used to estimate the association between employer provision of hazard controls and voluntary use, and stratum-specific adjusted risk differences (aRDs) among workers reporting household incomes <250% and ≥250% of national poverty thresholds were estimated to assess effect modification by income. Approximately one half (45.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 41.0%-50.3%) of non-health care workers reported use of hazard controls in the workplace, 55.5% (95% CI = 48.8%-62.2%) of whom reported employer requirements to use them. After adjustment for occupational group and proximity to others at work, voluntary use was approximately double, or 22.3 absolute percentage points higher, among workers who were provided hazard controls than among those who were not. This effect was more apparent among lower-income (aRD = 31.0%) than among higher-income workers (aRD = 16.3%). Employers can help protect workers from COVID-19 by requiring and encouraging use of occupational hazard controls and providing hazard controls to employees (1).


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/prevención & control , Programas Obligatorios/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedades Profesionales/prevención & control , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Programas Voluntarios/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Accesibilidad Arquitectónica/estadística & datos numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Máscaras/estadística & datos numéricos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Equipo de Protección Personal/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Lugar de Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
10.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 53(1): 2-9, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423752

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the real-time personal/employee safety experiences and perspectives of school nutrition professionals ranging from frontline staff to state leadership across the US as they responded to the initial weeks of the coronavirus pandemic. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered electronically March 31-April 20, 2020, to school nutrition staff, managers, directors, and state agency personnel. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and a thematic analysis of an open-ended item was conducted. RESULTS: School nutrition professionals (n = 504) from 47 states responded. Most (86.6%) reported that ensuring employee safety was somewhat or much more difficult during the pandemic, and they were unaware of an emergency plan. Themes from open-ended responses regarding employee safety concerns included, exposure and transmission risk, processes, and personal concerns. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Attention to the safety and concerns of school nutrition employees is vital for continuation of these programs during this pandemic and for future emergency situations.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/prevención & control , Servicios Dietéticos/métodos , Servicios de Alimentación/estadística & datos numéricos , Nutricionistas/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Instituciones Académicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Servicios Dietéticos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos
11.
Am J Ind Med ; 64(2): 73-77, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355943

RESUMEN

Globally, migrant and immigrant workers have borne the brunt of the COVID-19 pandemic as essential workers. They might be a Bulgarian worker at a meat processing plant in Germany, a Central American farmworker in the fields of California, or a Filipino worker at an aged-care facility in Australia. What they have in common is they are all essential workers who have worked throughout the coronavirus pandemic and have been infected with coronavirus at work. COVID-19 has highlighted the inequitable working conditions of these workers. In many instances, they are employed precariously, and so are ineligible for sick leave or social security, or COVID-19 special payments. If these are essential workers, they should get at least the same health and safety benefits of all nonessential workers. Improving the working and living conditions of migrant workers can and should be a positive outcome of the coronavirus pandemic.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/epidemiología , Enfermedades Profesionales/epidemiología , Migrantes/estadística & datos numéricos , COVID-19/transmisión , Estudios Transversales , Salud Global/estadística & datos numéricos , Fuerza Laboral en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Beneficios del Seguro/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Servicios de Salud del Trabajador/provisión & distribución , Factores de Riesgo , Ausencia por Enfermedad/estadística & datos numéricos , Seguridad Social/estadística & datos numéricos , Valores Sociales , Factores Socioeconómicos
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317147

RESUMEN

Currently, nanotechnology plays a key role for technological innovation, including the construction sector. An exponential increase is expected in its application, although this has been hampered by the current degree of uncertainty regarding the potential effects of nanomaterials on both human health and the environment. The accidents, illnesses, and disease related to the use of nanoproducts in the construction sector are difficult to identify. For this purpose, this work analyzes in depth the products included in recognized inventories and the safety data sheets of these construction products. Based on this analysis, a review of the recommendations on the use of manufactured nanomaterials at construction sites is performed. Finally, a protocol is proposed with the aim of it serving as a tool for technicians in decision-making management at construction sites related to the use of manufactured nanomaterials. This proposed protocol should be an adaptive and flexible tool while the manufactured nanomaterials-based work continues to be considered as an "emerging risk," despite the expectation that the protocol will be useful for the development of new laws and recommendations for occupational risk prevention management.


Asunto(s)
Industria de la Construcción , Nanoestructuras , Salud Laboral , Gestión de Riesgos , Industria de la Construcción/métodos , Industria de la Construcción/estadística & datos numéricos , Toma de Decisiones , Ambiente , Unión Europea , Humanos , Nanoestructuras/efectos adversos , Nanotecnología , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Gestión de Riesgos/métodos , Lugar de Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos
13.
J Safety Res ; 75: 150-154, 2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334472

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: This study identifies determinants of safety climate at agricultural cooperatives. METHODS: An extensive survey was designed to build upon past research done in collaboration with DuPont (Risch et al., 2014). In 2014 and 2015, the survey was administered to 1930 employees at 14 different agricultural cooperatives with 154 locations. Injury incidence data were also collected from each location to better understand the overall health and safety environment in this sector. An ordered probit model is used to identify variables that are associated with better safety climates. RESULTS: Safety system components such as discipline programs, inspection programs, modified duty programs, off-the-job safety training programs, and recognition programs are positively related to individual safety climate for both managerial employees and nonmanagerial employees. Variables representing an employee's agricultural background, distance between their workplace and childhood home, and formal education are not associated with managerial safety climate. However, agricultural background and childhood home distance are associated with nonmanagerial safety climate. CONCLUSIONS: Improving occupational health and safety is a priority for many agricultural cooperatives. Lower safety climate emerges as nonmanagerial employees have more experience with production agriculture and work nearer to their home community. Practical applications: Employees of agricultural cooperatives face a host of health and safety challenges that are likely to persist into the future. The safety system components associated with safety climate indicate that continuous feedback is important for improving occupational health and safety. Occupational health and safety programming should also acknowledge that many employees have experiences that influence their attitudes and behaviors.


Asunto(s)
Agricultura/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Cultura Organizacional , Administración de la Seguridad/organización & administración , Seguridad/estadística & datos numéricos , Lugar de Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos
14.
J Safety Res ; 75: 189-195, 2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334477

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Firefighting is stressful work, which can result in burnout. Burnout is a safety concern as it can negatively impact safety outcomes. These impacts are not fully understood within the fire service. Further, the fire service needs support that safety strategies are needed to protect and promote the health and wellbeing of firefighters. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was completed to examine a hypothesized model that linked stress and burnout to diminished safety behavior outcomes among a sample of career firefighters. RESULTS: Findings support a full mediation model. Firefighter stress perceptions were positively associated with burnout and burnout was negatively associated with safety compliance behavior, personal protective equipment behavior, safe work practices, and safety citizenship behavior. CONCLUSIONS: These results illustrate the negative impact of health impairment on firefighter safety behaviors. Practical Applications: These outcomes suggest that interventions aimed at protecting and promotion firefighter health are needed. Total Worker Health® (TWH) approaches may provide the framework for these interventions.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Psicológico/epidemiología , Bomberos/psicología , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Seguridad/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Agotamiento Psicológico/psicología , Femenino , Bomberos/estadística & datos numéricos , Promoción de la Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estados Unidos , Adulto Joven
15.
J Safety Res ; 75: 205-221, 2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334479

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The construction industry is regarded as one of the most unsafe occupational fields worldwide. Despite general agreement that safety training is an important factor in preventing accidents in the construction sector, more studies are needed to identify effective training methods. To address the current research gap, this study evaluated the impact of novel, participatory safety training methods on construction workers' safety competencies. Specifically, we assessed the efficacy of an immersive virtual reality (VR)-based safety training program and a participatory human factors safety training program (HFST) in construction industry workplaces. METHOD: In 2019, 119 construction sector workers from eight workplaces participated in a randomized controlled trial conducted in Finland. All the study participants were assessed using questionnaires at baseline, immediately after the intervention and at one-month follow-up. We applied generalized linear mixed modeling for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Compared to lecture-based safety training, VR-based safety training showed a stronger impact on safety motivation, self-efficacy and safety-related outcome expectancies. In addition, the construction sector workers who participated in the VR-based safety training showed a greater increase in self-reported safety performance at one-month follow-up. Contrary to our study hypotheses, we found no significant differences between the study outcomes in terms of study participants in the HFST training condition and the comparison condition without HFST training. CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that VR technology as a safety training tool has potential to increase safety competencies and foster motivational change in terms of the safety performance of construction sector workers. In the future, the efficacy of participatory human factors safety training should be studied further using a version that targets both managerial and employee levels and is implemented in a longer format. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Safety training in virtual reality provides a promising alternative to passive learning methods. Its motivating effect complements other safety training activities.


Asunto(s)
Industria de la Construcción/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Administración de la Seguridad/métodos , Realidad Virtual , Adulto , Femenino , Finlandia , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Motivación , Autoeficacia , Adulto Joven
16.
Nutrients ; 12(12)2020 Dec 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339303

RESUMEN

The present study aims to examine the differences in daily fruit and vegetable consumption in the working population in Spain. A cross-sectional study was conducted, using data from the 2017 National Health Survey (n = 10,700 workers aged between 18 and 65 years). The daily consumption of fruit and vegetables was evaluated using two items included in a food frequency questionnaire. Occupations were classified into the 17 main groups of the National Classification of Occupations of 2011 (CNO-11). The prevalence (P) of daily fruit and vegetable consumption was calculated in relation to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviors, work-related characteristics and occupations. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association, with simple and adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR). The P of daily consumption of fruit and vegetables in workers was 60% for fruit and 40% for vegetables. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and health behaviors, workers working night or rotating shifts had a lower consumption of fruits (aOR:0.9; p < 0.05), and those working on temporary contracts had a lower consumption of vegetables (aOR:0.8; p < 0.05). Engineers, scientists, health care workers and teachers had the highest fruit consumption (74.5%) and the highest vegetable consumption (55.1%). The lowest consumption of fruits was presented by the military (42.3%) and unskilled workers in the service sector (45.8%), and the lowest consumption of vegetables was presented by skilled construction workers (25.5%). These findings could aid in workplace health promotion and could be used in future studies to evaluate the impact of the activities adopted.


Asunto(s)
Dieta/estadística & datos numéricos , Frutas , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Ocupaciones/estadística & datos numéricos , Verduras , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas sobre Dietas , Conducta Alimentaria , Femenino , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Factores Socioeconómicos , España/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
17.
J Safety Res ; 75: 51-56, 2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334492

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Vessel disasters (e.g., sinkings, capsizings) are a leading contributor to fatalities in the U.S. commercial fishing industry. Primary prevention strategies are needed to reduce the occurrence of vessel disasters, which can only be done by developing an understanding of their causes and risk factors. If less serious vessel casualties (e.g., loss of propulsion, fire, flooding) are predictors of future disasters, then reducing vessel casualties should in turn reduce vessel disasters and the accompanying loss of life. METHOD: This case-control study examined the association between vessel casualties and disasters using fishing vessels in Alaska during 2010-2015. RESULTS: The findings show that vessels that experienced casualties within a preceding 10-year period were at increased odds of disaster. Other significant predictors included safety decal status and hull material. Practical Applications: The results of this analysis emphasize the importance of implementing vessel-specific preventive maintenance plans. At an industry level, specific prevention policies should be developed focusing on high-risk fleets to identify and correct a wide range of safety deficits before they have catastrophic and fatal consequences.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos , Desastres/estadística & datos numéricos , Explotaciones Pesqueras/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Alaska , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Modelos Teóricos , Factores de Riesgo , Navíos
18.
J Safety Res ; 75: 99-110, 2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334498

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The path toward enhancing laboratory safety requires a thorough understanding of the factors that influence the safety-related decision making of laboratory personnel. METHOD: We developed and administered a web-based survey to assess safety-related decision making of laboratory personnel of a government research organization. The survey included two brief discrete choice experiments (DCEs) that allowed for quantitative analysis of specific factors that potentially influence safety-related decisions and practices associated with two different hypothetical laboratory safety scenarios. One scenario related to reporting a laboratory spill, and the other scenario involved changing protective gloves between laboratory rooms. The survey also included several brief self-report measures of attitude, perception, and behavior related to safety practices. RESULTS: Risk perception was the most influential factor in safety-related decision making in both scenarios. Potential negative consequences and effort associated with reporting an incident and the likelihood an incident was detected by others also affected reporting likelihood. Wearing gloves was also affected somewhat by perceived exposure risk, but not by other social or work-related factors included in the scenarios. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated the promise of DCEs in quantifying the relative impact of several factors on safety-related choices of laboratory workers in two hypothetical but realistic scenarios. Participants were faced with hypothetical choice scenarios with realistic features instead of traditional scaling techniques that ask about attitudes and perceptions. The methods are suitable for addressing many occupational safety concerns in which workers face tradeoffs in their safety-related decisions and behavior. Practical Application: Safety-related decisions regarding laboratory practices such as incident reporting and use of PPE were influenced primarily by workers' perceptions of risk of exposure and severity of risks to health and safety. This finding suggests the importance of providing laboratory workers with adequate and effective education and training on the hazards and risks associated with their work. DCEs are a promising research method for better understanding the relative influences of various personal, social, and organizational factors that shape laboratory safety decisions and practices. The information gained from DCEs may lead to more targeted training materials and interventions.


Asunto(s)
Conducta de Elección , Toma de Decisiones , Laboratorios , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Actitud , Humanos
19.
Rev. Asoc. Esp. Espec. Med. Trab ; 29(4): 289-305, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-201241

RESUMEN

OBJETIVOS: La enfermedad cardiovascular es consecuencia en muchos casos de hábitos poco saludables, y la promoción de la salud en el trabajo incluye la realización de una serie de políticas y actividades diseñadas para ayudar a trabajadores a aumentar el control sobre su salud y a mejorarla. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las estrategias de promoción de la salud cardiovascular realizadas en hospitales públicos de la Comunidad de Madrid para poder implementar en un futuro mejoras en las áreas más deficientes. Material y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo prospectivo mediante una encuesta vía email a 10 hospitales públicos de la Comunidad de Madrid. Se utilizó el cuestionario Move Europe facilitado por el INSST. La descripción de las variables cualitativas se realizó con la frecuencia absoluta y porcentajes. RESULTADOS: La tasa de respuesta de los centros en la encuesta fue del 100%. Se encontró un muy bajo porcentaje de hospitales que alcanzasen la puntuación de "buenas prácticas" en las diferentes áreas estudiadas: "Política y Cultura" (40%), "Tabaquismo" (50%), "Alimentación" (10%), "Ejercicio Físico" (0%) y "Estrés" (0%). Un solo hospital obtuvo consideración de buenas prácticas en tres áreas, dos hospitales en dos áreas, tres hospitales en un área y cuatro no obtuvieron dicha clasificación en ningún área. CONCLUSIONES: Las estrategias de promoción de la salud implantadas en los hospitales de la Comunidad de Madrid encuestados son insuficientes en todas las áreas evaluadas. Se puede considerar que en todas estas materias se podría empezar por realizar estrategias de mejora, especialmente en "Ejercicio Físico", "Estrés" y "Alimentación" que son las más deficientes


OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease is often caused by bad habits, and health promotion at work includes policies and activities designed to help workers control their own health and improve it. The objective of this study was the research of health promotion strategies in Comunidad de Madrid public hospitals to make improvements in the future in the areas with deficient results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive observational prospective study was carried out with a email survey at 10 public hospitals in Comunidad de Madrid. The questionnaire that was used is the Move Europe available in Spanish at the INSST web page. Qualitative variables description was done with absolute frequency and percentages. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 100%. A very low percentage of centres that reached "good practices" was found: "Policy and Culture" (40%), "Smoking" (50%), "Nutrition" (10%), "Physical Activity" (0%) and "Stress" (0%). Only one hospital obtained "good practices" consideration in three areas, two hospitals in two areas, three hospitals in one area, and four of them didn't obtain that classification in any of the areas. CONCLUSIONS: The health promotion strategies implemented in the evaluated Comunidad de Madrid hospitals are not enough in all the studied areas. It can be considered that in all of this matters it could be possible to start strategies to promote improvement of them, especially in "Physical Activity", "Stress" y "Nutrition" that are the most deficient


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/prevención & control , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Hospitales Públicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Prospectivos , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Medicina del Trabajo , Factores de Riesgo , Enfermedades Profesionales/prevención & control , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estilo de Vida Saludable , España
20.
Rev. Asoc. Esp. Espec. Med. Trab ; 29(4): 340-350, dic. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-201245

RESUMEN

OBJETIVOS: Describir y comparar las características de las trabajadoras que solicitaron la valoración de riesgo durante el embarazo a los Servicios de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales participantes. Identificar la asociación entre el tiempo de respuesta y la solicitud de valoración de riesgo durante el embarazo. Material y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo/analítico y multicéntrico de trabajadoras que notificaron su gestación entre enero 2017 y diciembre 2018. La información fue obtenida de la historia clínico-laboral y ficha de riesgo. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 959 trabajadoras. Al comparar las variables: edad, índice de masa corporal, hábito tabáquico, centro de trabajo y profesión, se obtuvieron diferencias significativas, igual que en el tiempo medio de respuesta. CONCLUSIONES: La edad media de las trabajadoras embarazadas fue elevada. La mayoría fueron enfermeras de centros de atención hospitalaria y especializada. Se debería mejorar el tiempo de respuesta de la valoración de riesgo durante el embarazo


OBJECTIVES: Describe and compare the characteristics of the workers who requested the risk assessment during pregnancy to the participating Occupational Risk Prevention Services. Identify the association between the response time and the request for risk assessment during the pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive/analytical and multicenter study of female workers who reported their pregnancy between January 2017 and December 2018. The information was obtained from the clinical-occupational history and risk sheet. RESULTS: 959 workers were studied. When comparing the variables: age, body mass index, smoking, workplace and profession, significant differences were obtained, as well as in the mean response time. CONCLUSIONS: The average age of the pregnant workers was high. Most were nurses from hospital and specialized care centers. The response time of the risk assessment during pregnancy should be improved


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Embarazo , Adulto , Salud Materna/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Mujeres Embarazadas , Mujeres Trabajadoras/estadística & datos numéricos , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Servicios Preventivos de Salud , España
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