Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 50.381
Filtrar
1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730915

RESUMEN

In December 2019, the first case of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19) infection was reported. In only few weeks it has caused a global pandemic, with mortality reaching 3.4%, mostly due to a severe pneumonia. However, the impact of SARS-CoV-2 virus on the central nervous system (CNS) and mental health outcomes remains unclear. Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of other types of coronaviruses in the brain, especially in the brainstem. There is evidence that the novel coronavirus can penetrate CNS through the olfactory or circulatory route as well as it can have an indirect impact on the brain by causing cytokine storm. There are also first reports of neurological signs in patients infected by the SARS-Cov-2. They show that COVID-19 patients have neurologic manifestations like acute cerebrovascular disease, conscious disturbance, taste and olfactory disturbances. In addition, there are studies showing that certain psychopathological symptoms might appear in infected patients, including those related to mood and psychotic disorders as well as post-traumatic stress disorder. Accumulating evidence also indicates that the pandemic might have a great impact on mental health from the global perspective, with medical workers being particularly vulnerable. In this article, we provide a review of studies investigating the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 on the CNS and mental health outcomes. We describe neurobiology of the virus, highlighting the relevance to mental disorders. Furthermore, this article summarizes the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 from the public health perspective. Finally, we present a critical appraisal of evidence and indicate future directions for studies in this field.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Salud Mental , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Betacoronavirus , Encéfalo/virología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/complicaciones , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/complicaciones , Trastornos Mentales/etiología , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso/etiología , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/complicaciones , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180429, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059128

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objectives: to identify self-efficacy and self-esteem levels in undergraduate nursing students and to verify the mutual relationship between these constructs and with sociodemographic variables. Method: a cross-sectional study, with a sample of 264 students from two universities. Self-esteem and self-efficacy were measured by the Brazilian versions of the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem and of the General and Perceived Self-Efficacy scales, respectively. Results: a predominance of moderate to high self-efficacy was identified, with a mean score of 35.29 and moderate self-esteem, with a mean of 23.48. Self-efficacy was associated with the male gender, priority option in the college entrance examination by nursing, satisfaction with the course and absence of overload, besides correlating positively with age and self-esteem. Conclusion: self-efficacy and self-esteem levels were moderate/high and moderate, respectively. These constructs have shown a mutual relationship and assume an indispensable role both in the individual's personal life and in the professionalization process. These findings point to the need to strengthen mental health in this population, especially in vulnerable students (female, activity overload, dissatisfaction with the course and low self-esteem and self-efficacy), in order to foster their sense of value and the belief in their abilities.


RESUMEN Objetivos: identificar los niveles de autoeficacia y autoestima en estudiantes universitarios de enfermería y verificar la relación de estos constructos entre sí y con las variables sociodemográficas. Método: estudio transversal con una muestra compuesta por 264 estudiantes de dos instituciones de enseñanza superior. La autoestima y la autoeficacia se midieron conforme a las versiones brasileñas de la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg y de la Escala de Autoeficacia General y Percibida, respectivamente. Resultados: se identificó un predominio de autoeficacia de moderada a alta, con un puntaje medio de 35,29 y de autoestima moderada, con una media de 23,48. La autoeficacia se asoció con el sexo masculino, con opción prioritaria de ingreso a la carrera de enfermería, satisfacción con la carrera y ausencia de sobrecarga, además de correlacionarse positivamente con la edad y la autoestima. Conclusión: los niveles de autoeficacia y autoestima fueron moderados/altos y moderados, respectivamente. Estos constructos evidenciaron una relación entre sí y asumen un rol imprescindible tanto en la vida personal del individuo como en el proceso de profesionalización. Estos hallazgos apuntan a la necesidad de fortalecer la salud mental en esta población, especialmente en estudiantes vulnerables (sexo femenino, sobrecarga de actividades, insatisfacción con la carrera y bajos niveles de autoestima y autoeficacia), de modo de favorecer la sensación de valor que se atribuyen como personas y lo que creen con respecto a sus capacidades.


RESUMO Objetivos: identificar os níveis de autoeficácia e autoestima em estudantes de graduação em enfermagem e verificar a relação destes constructos entre si e com variáveis sociodemográficas. Método: estudo transversal, com amostra constituída por 264 estudantes de duas instituições de ensino superior. A autoestima e a autoeficácia foram mensuradas pelas versões brasileiras das Escalas de Autoestima de Rosenberg e de Autoeficácia Geral e Percebida, respectivamente. Resultados: identificou-se predomínio de autoeficácia moderada a alta, com pontuação média de 35,29 e de autoestima moderada, com uma média de 23,48. A autoeficácia foi associada ao sexo masculino, opção prioritária no vestibular pela enfermagem, satisfação com o curso e ausência de sobrecarga, além de correlacionar-se positivamente com a idade e autoestima. Conclusão: os níveis de autoeficácia e autoestima foram moderados/altos e moderados, respectivamente. Estes constructos mostraram relação entre si e assumem um papel imprescindível tanto na vida pessoal do indivíduo como no processo de profissionalização. Estes achados apontam para a necessidade do fortalecimento da saúde mental nesta população, sobretudo, em estudantes vulneráveis (sexo feminino, sobrecarga de atividades, insatisfação com o curso e baixa autoestima e autoeficácia), de modo a favorecer o sentimento de valor que atribuem a si próprios e a crença em suas capacidades.


Asunto(s)
Autoimagen , Salud Mental , Enfermería , Estudiantes , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Estudios Transversales , Autoeficacia , Instituciones de Enseñanza Superior
3.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180441, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059132

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the limitations, strategies, importance and obstacles in mental health education in undergraduate nursing, focused on the role of nurses in Primary Health Care. Method: An exploratory descriptive study conducted with 103 professors in the mental health area of Bachelor/Postgraduate nursing courses from 89 public Higher Education Institutions in the five regions of Brazil. Results: Only 23.3% (24) of the professors teach mental health classes only in primary health care. Of the sample, the limitations to teaching in primary care education are few class hours (46.6%), faculty to expand teaching beyond specialty settings (38.8%), and prioritization of other scenarios (48.5%). When teaching, the strategies used are home visits (43.7%), educational actions (34.0%) and active search for mental health cases (29.1%). The professors consider them important to support mental health actions (58.3%); and the barriers are the lack of articulation between the Collective Health and Health disciplines to conduct teaching (87.5%). Conclusion: It is suggested that the institutions, courses and professors make the commitment and focus efforts to overcome the gaps, which hinder the nurse's education process regarding primary knowledge in mental health, so that they can offer care to patients in psychological distress in the context of the community, as well as strengthen national mental health policy.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar limitaciones, estrategias, importancia y obstáculos en el ejercicio de la enseñanza de salud mental en la carrera de grado de Enfermería, para el desempeño de los enfermeros en la Atención Primaria de la Salud. Método: estudio descriptivo y exploratorio realizado con 103 docentes del área de salud mental de las carreras de Licenciatura/Post-grado en Enfermería de 89 Instituciones de Enseñanza Superior públicas de las cinco regiones de Brasil. Resultados: solamente el 23,3% (24) de los docentes se desempeñan en la enseñanza de salud mental apenas en la atención primaria de la salud. A partir de la muestra, las limitaciones para dictar clases en la atención primaria son la escasa carga horaria (46,6%), la poca cantidad de docentes para expandir la enseñanza fuera de los ámbitos de la especialidad (38,8%) y la priorización de otros ámbitos (48,5%). Cuando se realiza, las estrategias utilizadas son la visita domiciliaria (43,7%), acciones educativas (34,0%) y búsqueda activa de casos de salud mental (58,3%) y, como obstáculo, se erige la falta de articulación entre las asignaturas de Salud Colectiva y Salud para ejercer la docencia (87,5%). Conclusión: se sugiere que las instituciones, las carreras universitarias y los docentes asuman el compromiso y centren sus esfuerzos en superar las deficiencias que dificultan el proceso de formación de los enfermeros sobre los conocimientos primarios en salud mental, para que dichos profesionales puedan ofrecer atención a personas que padecen enfermedades psíquicas en el contexto de la comunidad, además de fortalecer la política nacional de salud mental.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar limitações, estratégias, importância e entraves na condução do ensino de saúde mental na graduação em Enfermagem para a atuação do enfermeiro na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método: estudo descritivo exploratório, realizado com 103 docentes da área de saúde mental de cursos de bacharelado/licenciatura em enfermagem de 89 Instituições de Ensino Superior públicas das cinco regiões do Brasil. Resultados: somente (24) 23,3% dos docentes conduzem o ensino de saúde mental apenas na atenção primária à saúde. Da amostra, as limitações para conduzir o ensino na atenção primária são pouca carga horária (46,6%), docentes para expandir o ensino além dos cenários de especialidade (38,8%), e priorização de outros cenários (48,5%). Quando conduzido, as estratégias utilizadas são visita domiciliar (43,7%), ações educativas (34,0%), busca ativa de casos de saúde mental (29,1%). Os docentes consideram importante para subsidiar ações em saúde mental (58,3%), e como entrave, a falta de articulação entre as disciplinas de Saúde Coletiva e Saúde para conduzir o ensino (87,5%). Conclusão: sugere-se que as instituições, cursos e docentes assumam o compromisso e centrem esforços para superar as lacunas, que dificultam o processo formativo do enfermeiro sobre conhecimentos primários em saúde mental, para que estes consigam ofertar cuidado para a sujeito em sofrimento psíquico no contexto da comunidade bem como fortalecer a política nacional de saúde mental.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Instituciones Académicas , Salud Mental , Enfermería , Curriculum , Atención Primaria de Salud , Conocimiento , Educación en Enfermería , Bachillerato en Enfermería , Docentes
4.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190025, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059133

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the perceptions of the family members of users of a children's psychosocial care center, regarding the facilitating factors and the difficulties in the communication with the health professionals. Method: a qualitative and descriptive study conducted with 25 family members of users of a children's psychosocial care center in a city of Minas Gerais (Brazil). Data collection took place between April and July 2017 using focus groups and a semi-structured script for the implementation of group sessions. Data was analyzed according to content analysis, thematic category. Results: two categories emerged from the analysis: Professional-Family relationship and Suggestions to enhance communication, which included practicalities and difficulties in communication. The data showed that the professional-family relationship refers to the professionals' positive actions, which facilitate communication, and to their negative actions, which means offering a distant and dehumanized care and failing to provide guidance. The suggestions to enhance communication were directed to the interventions focused on the family and on the dynamics and management of the service. Conclusion: there is a need for collaboration among management, staff and family members, which can contribute to a better health care and to building more solidary and dialogical relationships.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar las percepciones de los familiares de los usuarios de un centro de atención psicosocial infanto-juvenil, en relación con los factores facilitadores y las dificultades de la comunicación con los profesionales de la salud. Método: estudio cualitativo y descriptivo realizado con 25 familiares de usuarios de un centro de atención psicosocial infanto-juvenil en un municipio de Minas Gerais (Brasil). Los datos se recolectaron entre los meses de abril y junio de 2017 por medio de grupos focalizados, con la aplicación de un guión semiestructurado para desarrollar las sesiones grupales. Los datos se analizaron conforme al análisis de contenido, con la modalidad temática. Resultados: a partir del análisis surgieron dos categorías: Relación profesional-familia y Sugerencias para potenciar la comunicación; ambas abarcaron facilidades y dificultades en la comunicación. Los datos evidenciaron que la relación profesional-familia se refiere tanto a las acciones positivas de los profesionales, que facilitan la comunicación, como a sus acciones negativas, que significan ofrecer una atención distante y poco humanizada con escasa orientación. Las sugerencias para potenciar la comunicación estuvieron dirigidas a las intervenciones enfocadas en la familia y en la dinámica y organización del servicio. Conclusión: se hace evidente que es necesaria una aproximación entre la administración, el equipo de profesionales y los familiares, lo que puede ayudar a mejorar los cuidados en salud y hacer posible que se establezcan relaciones más solidarias y con más diálogo.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar as percepções dos familiares de usuários de um centro de atenção psicossocial infantojuvenil, em relação aos fatores facilitadores e dificultadores da comunicação com os profissionais de saúde. Método: estudo qualitativo, descritivo, realizado com 25 familiares de usuários de um centro de atenção psicossocial infantojuvenil, em um município de Minas Gerais (Brasil). A coleta de dados ocorreu entre os meses de abril a julho de 2017, por meio de grupos focais, aplicando-se roteiro semiestruturado para desenvolvimento das sessões grupais. Os dados foram analisados segundo a análise de conteúdo, modalidade temática. Resultados: da análise emergiram duas categorias: Relação profissional-família e Sugestões para potencializar a comunicação, as quais abrangeram facilidades e dificuldades na comunicação. Os dados evidenciaram que a relação profissional-família diz respeito às ações positivas dos profissionais que facilitam a comunicação, e às ações negativas atuação distante, pouco humanizado, com escassez de orientação. As sugestões para potencializar a comunicação foram direcionadas às intervenções focadas na família e na dinâmica e organização do serviço. Conclusão: evidencia-se a necessidade de aproximação entre gerência, equipe de profissionais e familiares; o que pode contribuir para melhoria do cuidado em saúde e para a construção de relações mais solidárias e dialógicas.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Cuidadores , Comunicación , Servicios de Salud Mental , Relaciones Profesional-Familia , Prestación de Atención de Salud , Relaciones Familiares
5.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: 49923, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1097213

RESUMEN

Objetivo: refletir sobre as intervenções/ações de cuidado em saúde mental voltados aos profissionais da saúde que prestam assistência ao paciente suspeito ou diagnosticado com COVID-19. Conteúdo: A pandemia de COVID-19 traz o desafio para profissionais da saúde em lidar com sua própria saúde mental e a dos pacientes. É fundamental conhecer e refletir sobre iniciativas que países apresentam para lidar com a manutenção da saúde mental de profissionais da saúde em tempos de pandemia e que contribuem para repensar o planejamento, execução e avaliação de estratégias a serem utilizadas no Brasil. Considerações finais: foi possível elencar ações em saúde mental que têm se mostrado assertivas no cuidado aos trabalhadores de saúde, atuantes na ponta do cuidado, sobretudo as baseadas no esclarecimento da doença, uso adequado de equipamentos de proteção individual, além do mapeamento daqueles profissionais fragilizados emocionalmente e/ou com sofrimento mental anterior à pandemia, além do suporte emocional oferecido por meio de plataformas digitais.


Objective: to reflect on mental health care interventions/actions aimed at health professionals who provide assistance to patients suspected or diagnosed with COVID-19. Content: The COVID-19 pandemic challenges health professionals to lead with their own and patients' mental health. It is essential to know and to reflect about countries' initiatives to deal with health professional's mental health maintenance in times of pandemic, and to help to re-think strategies planning, execution and evaluation to be used in Brazil. Final considerations: it was possible to list actions in mental health that have shown to be assertive in the care of health workers who are in the front line of caring, especially those based on clarifying the disease, appropriate use of individual protective equipment, in addition to mapping those emotionally weakened professionals and or with mental suffering prior to the pandemic, in addition to the emotional support offered through digital platforms.


Objetivo: reflexionar sobre las intervenciones/acciones de atención de salud mental dirigidas a profesionales de la salud que prestan asistencia a pacientes sospechosos o diagnosticados con COVID-19. Contenido: La pandemia COVID-19 desafía a los profesionales de la salud a hacer frente con la salud mental propia y de los pacientes. Es esencial conocer y reflexionar sobre las iniciativas de los países para enfrentar al mantenimiento de la salud mental de los profesionales de la salud en tiempos de pandemia, y para ayudar a repensar la planificación, ejecución y evaluación de estrategias que se utilizarán en Brasil. Consideraciones finales: fue posible enumerar acciones en salud mental que han demostrado ser asertivas en la atención de los trabajadores de salud que trabajan en la primera línea de atención de la salud, especialmente aquellos basados en la aclaración de la enfermedad, el uso apropiado de equipos de protección individual, además de mapear aquellos profesionales debilitados emocionalmente y / o con sufrimiento mental antes de la pandemia, además del apoyo emocional ofrecido a través de plataformas digitales.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Salud Mental/normas , Personal de Salud/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Betacoronavirus , Brasil , Salud Laboral , Difusión de la Información , Equipo de Protección Personal
6.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (50): 333-352, nov. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | IBECS | ID: ibc-191361

RESUMEN

Pretende-se mostrar como a pandemia de COVID-19 causada pelo novo coronavírus Sars-CoV-2, afeta a distribuição equitativa de recursos sanitários no Brasil, bem como evidenciar os dilemas e entraves éticos e psicológicos vivenciados pelos profissionais da saúde no contexto de combate à doença. O presente estudo objetivou revisar conhecimentos acerca de questões bioéticas referentes à escassez de recursos e saúde mental. Realizou-se, desse modo, uma análise de protocolos sobre alocação de recursos recém-publicados no Brasil


Se pretende mostrar cómo la pandemia de COVID-19 causada por el nuevo coronavirus Sars-CoV-2, afecta la distribución equitativa de los recursos de salud en Brasil, así como resaltar los dilemas y barreras éticas y psicológicas advertidas por los profesionales de la salud en el contexto de lucha contra la enfermedad. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo revisar el conocimiento sobre cuestiones bioéticas relacionadas con la escasez de recursos y la salud mental. Así, se realizó un análisis de protocolos sobre la asignación de recursos recientemente publicados en Brasil


Es pretén mostrar com la pandèmia de COVID-19 causada pel nou coronavirus Sars-COV-2, afecta la distribució equitativa dels recursos de salut al Brasil, així com ressaltar els dilemes I les barreres ètiques I psicològiques reconegudes pels professionals de la salut en el context de lluita contra la malaltia. El present estudi va tenir com a objectiu revisar el coneixement sobre qüestions bioètiques relacionades amb l'escassetat de recursos I la salut mental. Així, es va realitzar una anàlisi de protocols sobre l'assignació de recursos recentment publicats al Brasil


It is intended to show how the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the new Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus, affects the equitable distribution of health resources in Brazil, as well as to highlight the ethical and psychological dilemmas and barriers experienced by health professionals in the context of fighting disease. The present study aimed to go through knowledge about bioethical issues related to the scarcity of resources and mental health. Thus, an analysis of protocols on the allocation of newly published resources in Brazil was carried out


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Pandemias/ética , Salud Mental , Bioética , Prioridades en Salud , Gestión de Recursos , Asignación de Recursos/ética , Brasil/epidemiología
7.
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-47919

RESUMEN

O Ministério da Saúde reforça o compromisso em defesa da saúde mental no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) neste 10 de outubro, Dia Mundial da Saúde Mental. A data, instituída pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), busca conscientizar a população sobre os cuidados com doenças mentais e pela prevenção ao suicídio.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Salud Mental/tendencias , Pandemias
8.
Recurso de Internet en Inglés, Español | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-47922

RESUMEN

La pandemia de COVID-19 ha perturbado o paralizado los servicios de salud mental esenciales del 93% de los ‎países del mundo, en tanto que aumenta la demanda de atención de salud mental, según un nuevo estudio de ‎la OMS. El estudio, que abarca 130 países, aporta los primeros datos mundiales acerca de los efectos ‎devastadores de la COVID-19 sobre el acceso a los servicios de salud mental y pone de relieve la necesidad ‎urgente de incrementar la financiación


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Salud Mental/tendencias , Servicios de Salud Mental/tendencias
9.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 41(9): e10-e11, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001662

RESUMEN

Occasionally, a patient may present with an intraoral tattoo, such as the patient in this instance who presented with one on the lower orolabial mucosa. Both extraoral and intraoral tattooing could be considered a potential indicator of risk-taking behaviors and possible increased risk of mental health or sleep disorders in this patient population. This article discusses risks of ornamental tattooing and the role oral healthcare providers can play in early identification of possible systemic diseases.


Asunto(s)
Boca , Tatuaje , Atención Odontológica , Humanos , Salud Mental , Asunción de Riesgos
10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998207

RESUMEN

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and its associated governmental recommendations and restrictions have influenced many aspects of human life, including exercise and mental health. This study aims to explore the influence of COVID-19 on exercise behavior and its impact on mood states, as well as predict changes in exercise behavior during a similar future pandemic in Taiwan. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted between 7 April and 13 May 2020 (n = 1114). Data on exercise behavior pre and during the pandemic and mood states were collected. A cumulative link model was used to predict changes in exercise frequency during a similar future pandemic by exercise frequency during the pandemic. A linear model was used to predict the influence of exercise frequency before and during the pandemic on mood states during the pandemic. A total of 71.2%, 67.3%, and 58.3% of respondents maintained their exercise intensity, frequency, and duration, respectively, during the pandemic. Frequent exercisers are more likely to maintain their exercise frequency during a similar pandemic (p < 0.001). Higher exercise frequencies during the pandemic were associated with better mood states (p < 0.05). Moreover, the effects of prepandemic exercise frequency on mood states are moderated by changes in exercise frequency during the pandemic (p < 0.05). Additionally, maintenance of exercise frequency during a pandemic specifically for frequent exercisers are recommended to preserve mood states. These results may provide evidence for health policies on exercise promotion and mental health before and during a future pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Afecto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Ejercicio Físico , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Taiwán/epidemiología
11.
Psychiatr Serv ; 71(10): 987, 2020 10 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998661
12.
J Occup Health ; 62(1): e12169, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009709

RESUMEN

In this Opinion, we synthesize recent evidence regarding the mental health impacts of the pandemic with an emphasis on health care workers. Departing from the literature that has already been published on this topic, we focus on health care workers with mental health concerns that preexisted the pandemic and discuss evidence suggesting that this population has suffered disproportionately from pandemic conditions.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Salud Mental/normas , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias
13.
Curr Psychiatry Rep ; 22(12): 66, 2020 10 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030637

RESUMEN

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The ability to effectively prepare for and respond to the psychological fallout from large-scale disasters is a core competency of military mental health providers, as well as civilian emergency response teams. Disaster planning should be situation specific and data driven; vague, broad-spectrum planning can contribute to unprepared mental health teams and underserved patient populations. Herein, we review data on mental health sequelae from the twenty-first century pandemics, including SARS-CoV2 (COVID-19), and offer explanations for observed trends, insights regarding anticipated needs, and recommendations for preliminary planning on how to best allocate limited mental health resources. RECENT FINDINGS: Anxiety and distress, often attributed to isolation, were the most prominent mental health complaints during previous pandemics and with COVID-19. Additionally, post-traumatic stress was surprisingly common and possibly more enduring than depression, insomnia, and alcohol misuse. Predictions regarding COVID-19's economic impact suggest that depression and suicide rates may increase over time. Available data suggest that the mental health sequelae of COVID-19 will mirror those of previous pandemics. Clinicians and mental health leaders should focus planning efforts on the negative effects of isolation, particularly anxiety and distress, as well as post-traumatic stress symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud , Salud Mental , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Ansiedad , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Distrés Psicológico , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático
15.
Cancer Cytopathol ; 128(10): 679-680, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006815
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036461

RESUMEN

Spanish children were locked down for 72 days due to COVID-19, causing severe disruption to their normal life. The threat posed by COVID-19 continues and clinicians, administrators, and families need to know the life conditions associated with more psychological problems to modify them and minimize their effect on mental health. The goal was to study the life conditions of adolescents during lockdown and their association with psychological problems. A total of 226 parents of 117 girls and 109 boys (mean age: 13.9; Standard deviation: 0.28) from the community that were participants in a longitudinal study answered an online questionnaire about life conditions during lockdown and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Stepwise regression analyses controlling by previous reports of SDQ were performed. Conduct, peer, prosocial, and total problems scores increased after lockdown. After adjusting for previous measures of psychopathology, worse adolescents' mental health during COVID-19 lockdown was associated with unhealthy activities, worsening of the relationships with others, and dysfunctional parenting style. It seems important to mitigate psychological stress in a situation of isolation due to a state of emergency by keeping the adolescent active and maintaining their daily habits and routines in a non-conflictive atmosphere and give support to parents.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Coronavirus , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Cuarentena/psicología , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , España/epidemiología
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019735

RESUMEN

A growing body of literature recognises the profound impact of adversity on mental health outcomes for people living in rural and remote areas. With the cumulative effects of persistent drought, record-breaking bushfires, limited access to quality health services, the COVID-19 pandemic and ongoing economic and social challenges, there is much to understand about the impact of adversity on mental health and wellbeing in rural populations. In this conceptual paper, we aim to review and adapt our existing understanding of rural adversity. We undertook a wide-ranging review of the literature, sought insights from multiple disciplines and critically developed our findings with an expert disciplinary group from across Australia. We propose that rural adversity be understood using a rural ecosystem lens to develop greater clarity around the dimensions and experiences of adversity, and to help identify the opportunities for interventions. We put forward a dynamic conceptual model of the impact of rural adversity on mental health and wellbeing, and close with a discussion of the implications for policy and practice. Whilst this paper has been written from an Australian perspective, it has implications for rural communities internationally.


Asunto(s)
Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Salud Mental , Población Rural , Australia/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007892

RESUMEN

In the wake of COVID-19, unemployment and its potential deleterious consequences have attracted renewed interest. We examined (1) the association between unemployment, occurring upon the coronavirus outbreak, and psychological distress among Israeli young people (20-35-years-old); (2) the associations between various psychological resources/risk factors and psychological distress; and (3) whether these resources and risk factors were moderators in the unemployment-psychological distress link. A real-time survey based on snowball sampling was conducted during the month of April 2020 (N = 390). We employed hierarchical linear models to explore associations between unemployment, psychological resources, risk factors, and psychological distress. Unemployment was independently associated with greater psychological distress. Perceived trust, optimism, and sense of mastery decreased psychological distress, whereas financial strain and loneliness during the crisis increased this distress. The effect of unemployment on psychological distress did not depend on participants' resource and risk factor levels. Policymakers must develop and extend health initiatives aimed at alleviating the mental health consequences of COVID-19-related unemployment and promote labor market interventions to help young job seekers integrate into employment. These measures, which are in line with the UN sustainable development goals, should be seen as an important route to promote public health.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Distrés Psicológico , Desempleo , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Israel , Soledad , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Factores de Riesgo , Estrés Psicológico , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA