Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.163
Filtrar
1.
Cell ; 183(2): 296-300, 2020 10 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064983

RESUMEN

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has revealed that Africa needs a new public health order to be resilient, to adapt, and to cope with 21st-century disease threats. The new order will need strengthened continental and national public health institutions; local manufacturing of vaccines, therapeutics, and diagnostics; attraction, training, and retention of a public health workforce; and fostering of respectful local and international partnerships.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Transmisibles/terapia , Salud Pública , África , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Enfermedades Transmisibles/diagnóstico , Empleos en Salud/educación , Fuerza Laboral en Salud , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Salud Pública/educación , Administración en Salud Pública
5.
Ethn Dis ; 30(3): 437-440, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32742148

RESUMEN

As of late May 2020, more than 1.5 million people had tested positive for coronavirus infection in the United States; however, only 3% of Americans had been tested. However, testing is only one of the key elements in the effort to control communicable diseases. There is a need to investigate others who may have been exposed to the virus; this can be accomplished through a foundational public health strategy - contact tracing. Most public health students and professionals have been introduced to the concept of contact tracing; however, competency in this area is undetermined. The purpose of this perspective is to call for national standards for contact tracing training programs that lead to a widely recognized certification process.


Asunto(s)
Trazado de Contacto/métodos , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Educación/normas , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Salud Pública/educación , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/organización & administración , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Humanos , Evaluación de Necesidades , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Salud Pública/tendencias , Estados Unidos
6.
Glob Health Action ; 13(1): 1797296, 2020 12 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757713

RESUMEN

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has overwhelmed many health systems globally. Innovative initiatives are needed to combat the pandemic and scaleup response efforts. This communication describes a collaborative partnership between an international humanitarian organization and an academic university to develop and rapidly deploy a remote digital COVID-19 trainer-of-trainers (TOT) program to enhance global response. The ongoing program has resulted in more than 900 TOT personnel who have themselves trained over 22,000 frontline response providers from 21 different countries and territories. The developed and implemented COVID-19 digital training program is a key example of how academic-humanitarian partnerships can be leveraged to strengthen healthcare training and response capacity during pandemics.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Prestación de Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Educación/organización & administración , Medicina de Emergencia/educación , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Salud Pública/educación , Altruismo , Betacoronavirus/fisiología , Salud Global , Humanos , Pandemias , Universidades
7.
Public Health Rep ; 135(5): 700-707, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735497

RESUMEN

Clear writing is a critical component of public health research and practice. The ability to convey information in a concise, engaging, and insightful manner influences stakeholder engagement and is the backbone of program and policy development, organization, and implementation. To help master of public health (MPH) students adapt their writing skills to these specialized demands, Boston University School of Public Health launched the Peer Writing Coach Program in 2010 staffed by MPH students. The service is open to all students enrolled in public health classes. They can schedule up to 2 appointments per assignment for both individual and team papers. Student use increased from 55 appointments in academic year 2010-2011 (the first year of the program) to 767 appointments in academic year 2017-2018. For the 2016-2017, 2017-2018, and 2018-2019 academic years, 1128 (74%) of 1530 appointment requests asked for assistance "writing clearly and concisely," 886 (58%) for assistance "organizing and synthesizing main points of argument," and 529 (35%) for assistance "tailoring writing for a specific audience." This case study describes the rationale for creating the program, outlines the chronology of its development since 2010, and provides an overview of peer coach training, student use, and lessons learned as we addressed logistical challenges.


Asunto(s)
Comportamiento del Consumidor/estadística & datos numéricos , Curriculum , Educación Médica/organización & administración , Guías como Asunto , Salud Pública/educación , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Escritura/normas , Adulto , Boston , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Paritario , Adulto Joven
8.
Public Health Rep ; 135(5): 650-657, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755499

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: More than 16 000 graduate degrees in public health are awarded annually. Yet only 14% of the governmental public health workforce has formal public health training of any kind, and 8% has a master of public health (MPH) degree. We characterized the differences among governmental staff members with master's degrees across US health departments. METHODS: We used data from the 2017 Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey, a national survey of state and local public health departments (43 669 responses; response rate, 48%). We examined the characteristics of the workforce by educational attainment and compared respondents who had obtained a "terminal" (ie, highest degree obtained) MPH degree with respondents who had obtained a terminal non-public health (non-PH) master's degree. RESULTS: Respondents who had a non-PH master's degree were as likely as respondents who had an MPH degree to hold a supervisory role (43% vs 41%; P = .67). We found only 1 significant difference between the 2 groups: respondents aged ≤40 with a terminal MPH degree were significantly less likely than respondents aged ≤40 with a non-PH master's degree to earn more than the national average salary (adjusted odds ratio = 0.67; 95% CI, 0.47-0.97; P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: We found only marginal differences in career outcomes for people working in governmental public health who had a terminal MPH degree vs a terminal non-PH master's degree. This finding does not necessitate a full reconsideration of the MPH as it relates to governmental public health practice but a greater recognition that there are multiple paths into practice.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Postgrado/estadística & datos numéricos , Empleados de Gobierno/educación , Empleados de Gobierno/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Pública/educación , Salud Pública/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos , Adulto Joven
9.
Ann Epidemiol ; 47: 8-12, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713507

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine if epidemiology instruction for high school students can improve science literacy skills compared with other science, technology, engineering, and math courses. METHODS: The Test of Scientific Literacy Skills (TOSLS), a validated measure of scientific inquiry and interpretation, was used to assess the change in students' (n = 116; 63% female, 36% Asian, 30% Hispanic, 54% 12th grade, 48% mid poverty, and 24% high poverty) science literacy skills based on pre-post performance. RESULTS: Multilevel models adjusted for individual-level student gender, race-ethnicity, grade level, age, semester, and poverty status showed similar TOSLS performance for physics (ß = 0.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.44 to 1.61), biology (ß = 0.09; 95% CI, -0.82 to 1.00), and statistics (ß = -0.76; 95% CI, -1.84 to 0.32), and lower for chemistry (ß = -1.09; 95% CI, -2.26 to 0.08) and geology (ß = -1.04; 95% CI, -2.06 to -0.02) relative to the reference group, epidemiology. Models testing the interaction of course subject and sociodemographic factors did not show gender differences in TOSLS performance for epidemiology, in contrast with physics (lower in females) and biology (higher in females). CONCLUSIONS: Study findings suggest that epidemiology may be an appropriate method for supporting high school students' development of science literacy skills, although larger and more nuanced studies are needed.


Asunto(s)
Evaluación Educacional/métodos , Epidemiología/educación , Aprendizaje , Salud Pública/educación , Ciencia/educación , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Evaluación Educacional/estadística & datos numéricos , Docentes , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Enseñanza
10.
Prev Chronic Dis ; 17: E56, 2020 07 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644922

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has made the public more aware of public health and the role its professionals play in addressing the pandemic. Schools and programs in public health have a new opportunity to recruit, train, and sustain the public health workforce. Academic public health can further educate the public and prepare students for meaningful careers through interprofessional education and practice-based learning.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Administración en Salud Pública/educación , Salud Pública/educación , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , Selección de Personal , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Recursos Humanos
12.
East Mediterr Health J ; 26(6): 626-629, 2020 Jun 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621492

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic began as a cluster of reported cases of acute respiratory illness in China on 31 December 2019 and went on to spread with exponential growth across the globe. By the time it was characterized as a global pandemic on 11 March 2020, 17 of 22 countries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) had reports of infected persons. EMR countries are particularly susceptible to such outbreaks due to the presence of globally interconnected markets; complex emergencies in more than half of the countries; religious mass gatherings that draw tens of millions of pilgrims annually; and variation in emergency care systems capacity and health systems performance within and between countries.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/terapia , Servicios Médicos de Urgencia/organización & administración , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/organización & administración , Epidemiología/educación , Cooperación Internacional , Neumonía Viral/terapia , Salud Pública/educación , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Política de Salud , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Región Mediterránea/epidemiología , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Práctica de Salud Pública , Organización Mundial de la Salud
13.
OMICS ; 24(9): 515-517, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603205

RESUMEN

After the initial emergency responses deployed to control the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the first half of 2020, we should now start thinking about long-term strategies and concepts for pandemic and disaster governance such as resilience. In this context, COVID-19 health care and education are especially important because they are essential public goods that determine what kind of a society we live in, during the pandemic and afterward. So for, the focus has been a tactical efficiency perspective that prioritized instrumental, logistical, or pragmatic aspects in planetary health and university education, with much less attention paid to social justice, history of inequity, and power asymmetries that affect the pandemic impacts in society. For a resilient COVID-19 response, we need to address not only medical, technical, and logistical challenges, but also the social disparities that are inherited from the prepandemic world that are negatively affecting the current pandemic outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidad , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Salud Pública/ética , Justicia Social/ética , Acceso a la Información/ética , Investigación Biomédica/ética , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/patología , Disparidades en Atención de Salud/ética , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Neumonía Viral/patología , Salud Pública/educación , Salud Pública/métodos
14.
Public Health ; 185: 270-274, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707469

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine New Jersey Sierra Leoneans' experiences, perceptions, and knowledge about the Ebola outbreak to better understand how to serve diaspora communities during disease outbreaks and improve international community engagement efforts. STUDY DESIGN: Five focus groups were conducted with a total of 34 members of a New Jersey Sierra Leonean community. A short demographic survey was also administered. METHODS: Focus groups were audio-taped, transcribed, and then analyzed using QSR NVIVO. Demographic data were analyzed using SPSS. RESULTS: Major themes emerged from the focus groups as related to the Ebola outbreak: (1) stigma and discrimination; (2) psycho-socio-economic impact; and (3) public health communication challenges. CONCLUSIONS: Novel findings reveal the impact of the Ebola virus on a West African diaspora community in the United States. These findings also advance existing literature. Diaspora communities are an underutilized resource in international disease education, management and prevention outreach research. It is vital that health professionals begin to find effective ways to fold them into relief efforts.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Ebolavirus , Fiebre Hemorrágica Ebola/epidemiología , Migración Humana , Adulto , Anciano , Comunicación , Participación de la Comunidad , Brotes de Enfermedades/prevención & control , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Fiebre Hemorrágica Ebola/psicología , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Salud Pública/educación , Sierra Leona/epidemiología , Estigma Social , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
15.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 12(1): e1-e3, 2020 Jun 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-543361

RESUMEN

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disrupted many lives worldwide. Training programmes in academic institutions have also been affected by the pandemic. Teaching and learning family medicine and public health medicine in the COVID-19 era require adjustments to training activities. At the University of Botswana, the pandemic presented an opportunity to steer training programmes in the Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Medicine more towards service-learning. The department collaborated with the Ministry of Health and Wellness as well as the District Health Management teams in the national response to the pandemic as essential service providers. The increased demands for service provision were balanced with educational opportunities for trainees during the COVID-19 public health emergency. Including structured ongoing reflections for trainees involved in the COVID-19 response helps to connect service and the academic curriculum.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria/educación , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Salud Pública/educación , Botswana/epidemiología , Curriculum , Humanos , Universidades/organización & administración
16.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 956, 2020 Jun 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552689

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The value of competency frameworks for developing the public health workforce is widely acknowledged internationally. However, there is a lack of formal evaluations of such frameworks. In the UK, the Public Health Skills and Knowledge Framework (PHSKF) is a key tool for the public health workforce across the UK, and this study presents the evaluation of the PHSKF 2016 version, with the aim of reflecting on implications for international public health competency frameworks. METHODS: A sequential explanatory design was employed. An online survey (n = 298) was completed with stakeholders across the four UK nations and different sectors. This was followed by 18 telephone interviews with stakeholders and survey completers. Quantitative results were analysed descriptively; qualitative transcripts were analysed with thematic analysis. RESULTS: Most respondents had used the PHSKF occasionally or rarely, and most users found it useful (87%) and easy to use (82%). Main purposes of use included team/workforce development (e.g. setting of standards) and professional development (e.g. identify professional development opportunities). Some positive experiences emerged of uses of the PHSKF to support organisational redevelopments. However, 23% of respondents had never used the framework. Areas for improvement included greater clarity on purpose and audience, the need for more support from employers and for clear career progression opportunities, and stronger links with other competency frameworks. CONCLUSIONS: The development of a digital version of the PHSKF, together with improving buy-in from the workforce and employers could make an important contribution towards UK public health workforce development. Further evaluation and shared learning internationally of the implementation of public health competency frameworks would support global public health workforce development.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Competencia Profesional/normas , Salud Pública/educación , Desarrollo de Personal/normas , Recursos Humanos/normas , Estudios Transversales , Empleo/normas , Humanos , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Liderazgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reino Unido
19.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 12(1): e1-e3, 2020 Jun 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501020

RESUMEN

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disrupted many lives worldwide. Training programmes in academic institutions have also been affected by the pandemic. Teaching and learning family medicine and public health medicine in the COVID-19 era require adjustments to training activities. At the University of Botswana, the pandemic presented an opportunity to steer training programmes in the Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Medicine more towards service-learning. The department collaborated with the Ministry of Health and Wellness as well as the District Health Management teams in the national response to the pandemic as essential service providers. The increased demands for service provision were balanced with educational opportunities for trainees during the COVID-19 public health emergency. Including structured ongoing reflections for trainees involved in the COVID-19 response helps to connect service and the academic curriculum.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria/educación , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Salud Pública/educación , Botswana/epidemiología , Curriculum , Humanos , Universidades/organización & administración
20.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(6): e21820, 2020 06 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589589

RESUMEN

In this issue of the Journal of Medical Internet Research, the World Health Organization (WHO) is presenting a framework for managing the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) infodemic. Infodemiology is now acknowledged by public health organizations and the WHO as an important emerging scientific field and critical area of practice during a pandemic. From the perspective of being the first "infodemiologist" who originally coined the term almost two decades ago, I am positing four pillars of infodemic management: (1) information monitoring (infoveillance); (2) building eHealth Literacy and science literacy capacity; (3) encouraging knowledge refinement and quality improvement processes such as fact checking and peer-review; and (4) accurate and timely knowledge translation, minimizing distorting factors such as political or commercial influences. In the current COVID-19 pandemic, the United Nations has advocated that facts and science should be promoted and that these constitute the antidote to the current infodemic. This is in stark contrast to the realities of infodemic mismanagement and misguided upstream filtering, where social media platforms such as Twitter have advertising policies that sideline science organizations and science publishers, treating peer-reviewed science as "inappropriate content."


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Educación en Salud/métodos , Educación en Salud/organización & administración , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Salud Pública/métodos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/organización & administración , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/normas , Organización Mundial de la Salud/organización & administración , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/economía , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Educación en Salud/normas , Alfabetización en Salud , Humanos , Pandemias/economía , Neumonía Viral/economía , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Política , Salud Pública/educación , Salud Pública/normas , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/provisión & distribución
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA