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1.
J Dent Child (Chic) ; 87(1): 4-11, 2020 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151304

RESUMEN

Purpose: Current national evidence-based recommendations for treatment of carious lesions include the use of 38 percent silver diamine fluoride (SDF). The purpose of this study was to learn parents' opinions of esthetic changes to their children's teeth following treatment with SDF.
Methods: Three-hundred nineteen parents who had previously consented to SDF for caries arrest or caries prevention were asked if their child received SDF, if they noticed changes because of SDF, and how "bothered" they were by the changes.
Results: Two-hundred ten parents reported their child received SDF in the past 12 months, of whom 76 percent were confirmed by Codes on Dental Procedures and Nomenclature (CDT): 115 children received SDF for caries arrest and 45 received topical fluoride (SDF) for prevention. Of all 210 who reported SDF, 30 percent described discoloration of their child's teeth or gingiva. On a scale of zero (not bothered at all by changes due to SDF) to 10 (very bothered), parents' average rating was 1.2 ipoints; the average within the caries arrest group was 1.7.
Conclusion: Dental treatment requires a shared decision between parents and professionals, and follow-up regarding new procedures is warranted. In this study, treatment with SDF was well accepted by most parents.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Fluoruros Tópicos , Cariostáticos , Niño , Humanos , Padres , Satisfacción Personal , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario , Compuestos de Plata
2.
J Dent Educ ; 84(3): 336-342, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176348

RESUMEN

This study examined happiness and satisfaction as possible foundations for long-term well-being and resilience in dental education. Psychological research has found that respect, camaraderie, and trust help define well-being and that resilience is built with these supportive influences. The aims of this study were to assess if happiness and life satisfaction reported by one U.S. dental school's faculty, students, and alumni also enhanced their perceived well-being and resilience and to determine the factor that most affected the participants' happiness. Email and hard copy surveys were distributed in 2018 and 2019 to all 71 full-time preclinical and clinical faculty members, 572 students in all four years, and 143 alumni who graduated in 2018 (total N = 786). Overall, 471 responded; response rates by group were as follows: faculty 87.3% (N = 62), students 65.9% (N = 377), and graduates 22.4% (N = 32). Of the three groups, responding faculty members reported having the highest levels of happiness in life (92.0%) and job satisfaction (90.3%). In the highest percentage reported, 90.2% of D4 students reported that the level of trust and respect they received from clinical faculty members contributed most to their happiness. The lowest level of happiness among the groups (71.0%) was reported by the D2 students. These results suggested that perceived well-being translated to happiness among the participants in our study. More research is needed to understand the relationship among positive environments, well-being, and provider resilience in dental education.


Asunto(s)
Docentes de Odontología , Facultades de Odontología , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Felicidad , Humanos , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes de Odontología
3.
Orv Hetil ; 161(13): 510-518, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202150

RESUMEN

Introduction: Many studies have investigated attachment styles in adults diagnosed with breast cancer: previous results indicate the importance of considering the associations between attachment style and relationship functioning in order to support better quality of life and optimal healing process in patients. Aim and method: In this study we intend to assess the attachment style (anxiety and avoidance) of Hungarian women diagnosed with breast cancer (n = 135) and to compare it with a group of women not diagnosed with cancer (n = 137). We examined attachment style in relation to self-rated health as well as relational and sexual satisfaction. Results: In the diagnosed group, we found higher level of avoidant attachment as well as poorer self-rated health, and lower relationship and sexual satisfaction. Both higher avoidance and anxiety predicted lower relationship satisfaction, while sexual satisfaction was predicted by having a breast cancer diagnosis and better self-rated health. Conclusion: Our results indicate that the attachment pattern of women diagnosed with cancer can play a role in their relationships and sexual satisfaction, along with their subjective health status. Monitoring and supporting physical, mental and relational characteristics may contribute to the attainment of better quality of life. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(13): 510-518.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Apego a Objetos , Satisfacción Personal , Calidad de Vida , Conducta Sexual/psicología , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Hungría , Relaciones Interpersonales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204411

RESUMEN

COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) has significantly resulted in a large number of psychological consequences. The aim of this study is to explore the impacts of COVID-19 on people's mental health, to assist policy makers to develop actionable policies, and help clinical practitioners (e.g., social workers, psychiatrists, and psychologists) provide timely services to affected populations. We sample and analyze the Weibo posts from 17,865 active Weibo users using the approach of Online Ecological Recognition (OER) based on several machine-learning predictive models. We calculated word frequency, scores of emotional indicators (e.g., anxiety, depression, indignation, and Oxford happiness) and cognitive indicators (e.g., social risk judgment and life satisfaction) from the collected data. The sentiment analysis and the paired sample t-test were performed to examine the differences in the same group before and after the declaration of COVID-19 on 20 January, 2020. The results showed that negative emotions (e.g., anxiety, depression and indignation) and sensitivity to social risks increased, while the scores of positive emotions (e.g., Oxford happiness) and life satisfaction decreased. People were concerned more about their health and family, while less about leisure and friends. The results contribute to the knowledge gaps of short-term individual changes in psychological conditions after the outbreak. It may provide references for policy makers to plan and fight against COVID-19 effectively by improving stability of popular feelings and urgently prepare clinical practitioners to deliver corresponding therapy foundations for the risk groups and affected people.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de Ansiedad/psicología , Ansiedad/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Depresión/psicología , Brotes de Enfermedades , Epidemias , Salud Mental , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Resiliencia Psicológica , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China , Infecciones por Coronavirus/complicaciones , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Emociones , Femenino , Felicidad , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pandemias , Satisfacción Personal , Neumonía Viral/complicaciones , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Síndrome Respiratorio Agudo Grave
5.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 73(1-2): 27-34, 2020 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057201

RESUMEN

Background and purpose: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) may often lead to significant disability in affected individuals and reduce life satisfaction. Herein we aimed to investigate the effects of the level of injury on disability and life satisfaction as well as the relation between life satisfaction and disability. Methods: Patients with at least one-year history of SCI were included. Demographic-clinical data of patients were recorded. The Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique-Short Form (CHART-SF) was used for quantifying the degree of patients' disability. Life satisfaction was assessed by the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). Results: Of the 76 patients, 21 (27.6%) were tetraplegic and 55 (72.4%) were paraplegic. SWLS was found to be similar in tetraplegic vs. paraplegic patients (P=0.59), whereas CHART parameters such as physical independence, mobility, occupation, and total CHART value were significantly higher in paraplegic patients (P=0.04, P=0.04, P=0.001 and P=0.01, respectively). Social integration was found similarly high in both groups. There was a positive correlation between elapsed time after the injury and CHART physical independence, occupation and the level of economic sufficiency (P<0.01, P<0.01, P=0.01). Excluding the economic sufficiency (P=0.02), there was not any other association between the rest of CHART parameters and SWLS. Conclusion: According to our findings, although the level of injury seems to be influential on disability, it seems to have no significant effect on life satisfaction. Since the only thing that positively affects life satisfaction is economic sufficiency, more emphasis should be placed on regulations that increase the return to work in patients.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Discapacidad , Satisfacción Personal , Calidad de Vida , Traumatismos de la Médula Espinal , Evaluación de la Discapacidad , Humanos , Traumatismos de la Médula Espinal/complicaciones
6.
J Dent Educ ; 84(2): 135-142, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043588

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a blended learning model with a flipped classroom approach in a clinical dental education setting based on student performance and perceptions. Comparisons were made between blended learning and traditional methods for all fourth-year dental students in two consecutive cohorts in a conservative dentistry course at a dental school in Jordan. The 2016-17 cohort (control group) consisted of 364 students taught with conventional methods. The 2017-18 cohort (study group) consisted of 253 students taught with blended learning using a flipped classroom method. Performance measures were two exams (online and written), two assignments, inclinic quizzes, and clinical assessment. The study also assessed the number of posts made by students in the study group on an online discussion forum. The results showed that the study group students had significantly better performance on all assessments than the control group students. The students' overall grades in the blended learning cohort were an average 7.25 points higher than in the control cohort. Students who participated in the online forum also had better performance in the course: one participation correlated with 0.697 standard deviations higher score. Overall, students' perceptions were positive and supported the adoption of a blended learning model in the course. These results showing improved student performance provide support for blended learning and use of an online discussion forum.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes de Odontología , Curriculum , Educación en Odontología , Evaluación Educacional , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Facultades de Odontología
7.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 24: e-1274, fev.2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1051252

RESUMEN

Introdução: a literatura demonstra que alunos que participam de atividades simuladas com experiência clínica prévia alcançam resultados menos positivos em simulação do que aqueles sem contato prévio com o campo clínico. Objetivo: identificar as implicações da prática clínica na satisfação e autoconfiança do estudante com atividades clínicas simuladas em medidas de conforto e higiene ao paciente usuário de fraldas descartáveis. Método: estudo quantitativo, quase-experimental realizado em uma universidade pública do interior do estado de São Paulo, no Brasil, utilizando dois instrumentos de avaliação da satisfação e autoconfiança do estudante com as práticas clínicas simuladas, a Escala de Satisfação e Autoconfiança no Aprendizado (ESAA) e a Escala de Satisfação com as Experiências Clínicas Simuladas (ESECS). Resultados: participaram do estudo 100 estudantes de graduação em Enfermagem. Alunos com experiência clínica anterior tiveram valores mais significativos no item "autoconfiança"; estudantes sem experiência clínica para o item "realismo" das escalas. Conclusão: a simulação clínica é enriquecedora do ponto de vista do aprendizado, satisfação e autoconfiança do estudante, mas não dispensa a prática clínica real dos estudantes em campo clínico.(AU)


Introduction: the literature shows that students who participate in simulated activities with previous clinical experience achieve less positive results in simulation than those without previous contact with the clinical field. Objective: to identify the implications of the clinical practice on student satisfaction and self-confidence with simulated clinical activities in comfort and hygiene measures for patients using disposable diapers. Method: a quantitative, quasi-experimental study conducted in a public university in the inland of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, using two instruments for assessing student satisfaction and self-confidence with simulated clinical practices: the Scale of Satisfaction and Selfconfidence in Learning (Escala de Satisfação e Autoconfiança no Aprendizado - ESAA) and the Scale of Satisfaction with Simulated Clinical Experiences (Escala de Satisfação com as Experiências Clínicas Simuladas - ESECS). Results: 100 undergraduate nursing students participated in the study. Students with previous clinical experience had more significant values in the "self-confidence" item, so did students without clinical experience for the "realism" item of the scales. Conclusion: clinical simulation is enriching from the point of view of student learning, satisfaction and self-confidence, but it does not dispense with the actual clinical practice of students in the clinical field. (AU)


Introducción: la literatura indica que los estudiantes que participan en actividades simuladas con experiencia clínica previa logran resultados menos positivos en la simulación que aquéllos sin contacto previo con el campo clínico. Objetivo: identificar las implicaciones de la práctica clínica para la satisfacción y la autoconfianza del estudiante con actividades clínicas simuladas en medidas de comodidad e higiene para pacientes que usan pañales desechables. Método: estudio cuantitativo, cuasiexperimental realizado en una universidad pública del interior del estado de São Paulo, Brasil, utilizando dos instrumentos para evaluar la satisfacción y la autoconfianza de los estudiantes con prácticas clínicas simuladas: la Escala de Satisfacción y Autoconfianza en el Aprendizaje (ESAA) y la Escala de Satisfacción con Experiencias Clínicas Simuladas (ESECS). Resultados: participaron 100 estudiantes de grado en enfermería. Los estudiantes con experiencia clínica previa obtuvieron valores más significativos en las escalas en "autoconfianza"; los estudiantes sin experiencia clínica en "realismo". Conclusión: la simulación clínica es enriquecedora desde el punto de vista del aprendizaje, la satisfacción y la autoconfianza, pero no prescinde de la práctica clínica real de los estudiantes en el campo clínico.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería , Educación en Enfermería , Enseñanza Mediante Simulación de Alta Fidelidad , Investigación en Enfermería Clínica
8.
J Orthod ; 47(1): 55-64, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031041

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) is to investigate the effect of a social networking site (SNS) on body dissatisfaction, facial and smile dissatisfaction, and face-related discrepancy, and whether these effects differ from the use of appearance-neutral Instagram images. We also aimed to investigate whether there are trends in increased self-reported use of social media and increased body dissatisfaction, facial and smile dissatisfaction, and face-related discrepancy. METHODS: Undergraduate students were randomly allocated to an experimental group with idealised smile images or to a control group with neutral nature images. They completed pre-exposure questionnaires, then perused for 5 min their allocated images on individual Apple iPads via the Instagram application. Participants then completed the post-exposure surveys. The main outcome was facial dissatisfaction. Body dissatisfaction and total facial and body dissatisfaction were secondary outcomes. Simple randomisation was achieved with a computerised random number generator. Data were analysed using repeated measures ANOVA and multivariate regression analyses. RESULTS: A total of 132 participants (mean age = 20.50 ± 2.21 years) were randomised to either the experimental group with idealised smile images (n=71) or the control group with neutral nature images (n=61). Baseline characteristics were similar between groups and no participants were lost. Exposure to 'ideal' facial images on social media decreases facial satisfaction (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.85-1.05; P < 0.0001). Individuals with high baseline self-discrepancy scores are less satisfied with their facial features and body appearance (95% CI = 0.04-1.16; P = 0.036). CONCLUSION: This study shows that viewing SNSs with high visual media reduces satisfaction with facial appearance in the short term in men and women. This effect is greater in those with high self-discrepancy scores. Increased media usage was not correlated with increased dissatisfaction. Wearing braces or having had braces was shown not to influence post-exposure dissatisfaction.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Adolescente , Adulto , Imagen Corporal , Cara , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Sonrisa , Adulto Joven
9.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 6, 2020 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910879

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although research on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has increased in the addiction field, few studies have focused on the determinants of HRQoL changes. This study aimed to describe dependent patients' HRQoL changes at a 3-month follow-up and to assess whether satisfaction with care can predict those changes among outpatients starting care for alcohol or opioid dependence. METHODS: HRQoL was measured with the SF-12 at baseline and 3 months later in a prospective cohort of dependent outpatients. Satisfaction was assessed with the EQS-C early after inclusion. Data on sociodemographics, clinical characteristics and patients' levels of anxiety and depression were also collected. A multivariable analysis was performed to identify factors associated with HRQoL changes in both the physical and mental component summary scores (PCS and MCS, respectively). RESULTS: Of the 172 patients included at baseline, a total of 136 patients assessed their satisfaction with care. The mean PCS and MCS scores were initially low, and HRQoL improvement was significant after 3 months for both the PCS and MCS. Never having been married (ß = 5.5; p = 0.001) and a lower baseline PCS score (ß = - 0.6; p < 0.0001) were associated with significant PCS improvement, whereas being legally compelled to undergo drug treatment (ß = - 5.9; p = 0.02) was associated with less PCS change. Higher early satisfaction with care (ß = 0.1; p = 0.02) and a lower baseline MCS score (ß = - 0.7; p < 0.0001) were associated with significant MCS improvement. CONCLUSION: The study supported the hypothesis that greater satisfaction with care may predict HRQoL improvement among dependent outpatients. Further studies are needed to understand the factors that affect patients' early satisfaction to identify areas of improvement and thus improve HRQoL.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción del Paciente , Calidad de Vida , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/terapia , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Satisfacción Personal , Estudios Prospectivos , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/psicología
10.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 3, 2020 Jan 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907016

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: University postgraduates' mobility towards, and outside the EU is continuously increasing, creating a competitive context in which maintaining a high life satisfaction (LS) is a public health challenge. However, the relationship between LS and its determinants among this population are under-documented. Our aims were to measure LS indicators of mobile postgraduates (Intra EU: Who pursue part of their studies in Europe; Outside EU: Who study outside of Europe) versus non-mobile (pursue their studies in Luxembourg), and to analyze the associations between LS and career attitudes, socioeconomic characteristics, and health-related factors for each group. METHOD: Six hundred and sixty-four (644) students obtained financial aid from the Luxembourgish government independent of their family's socioeconomic situation. Contacted by post, they completed an online questionnaire. Analyses included a multiple linear regression model in which only significant relationships (p < 0.05) were used. RESULTS: Three groups were created: Mobile intra EU (n = 381), mobile outside EU (n = 43) and non-mobile (n = 66) postgraduates. Health satisfaction was positively linked to LS, in all groups. Among the mobile outside EU group, majority (63.2%) were men and 57.9% did not live alone - health was the only determinant which contributed to their LS. Among the mobile intra EU, majority (57.8%) were women, and 64.3% not living alone. Autonomy and career adaptability attitudes were positively associated with their LS (b: 0.210 and 0.119, respectively), whereas the worry factor was negatively (b: - 0.153 and -0.159) associated. The non-mobile, were the oldest of the three groups. Majority (51.6%) were women, and 93.7% did not live alone. Career optimism and planning attitudes were positively correlated to their LS (regression parameter estimates (b: 0.400 and 0.212, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Attention should be devoted to the LS of local and cosmopolitan students, as it seems to be a relevant health indicator. Overall, the farther the mobility was, the higher the postgraduates' general LS (8.5/10) was; this indicator was higher than the LS indicator for the age group 25-34 years 7.53/10 (EU-28, in 2013). University' services could promote the development of career projects and the promotion of health to enhance postgraduates' LS. University policy makers need to ensure this for all students.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Postgrado , Intercambio Educacional Internacional/estadística & datos numéricos , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes/psicología , Adulto , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Estudios Transversales , Unión Europea , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Universidades/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
11.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 157(1): 42-48.e2, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901279

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic treatments are performed to improve esthetics and masticatory functions. In general, clinical criteria are used to recommend such treatments without considering the opinion of the patient. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between technically defined orthodontic need (normative criteria) and the need for treatment perceived by adolescent patients. METHODS: A total of 215 students aged between 15 and 19 years were selected and asked to respond to a questionnaire concerning their perception of need for orthodontic treatment and their satisfaction with their own esthetics and mastication. One trained and calibrated examiner obtained normative data using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) on the need for orthodontic treatment of these students. RESULTS: Associations were found between the DAI score and the patient's perception of need for orthodontic treatment (P <0.001), satisfaction with esthetics (P = 0.003), and satisfaction with mastication (P = 0.047). When occlusal characteristics were analyzed separately, associations between several normative and perceived needs, as well as for satisfaction with esthetics, were found. Satisfaction with mastication analysis was only found to be associated with open bite malocclusion (P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: The DAI revealed a consistent opinion in adolescents to link their perceived malocclusion-related conditions to esthetics.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión , Satisfacción Personal , Adolescente , Estética , Humanos , Masticación , Adulto Joven
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18514, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914023

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study will assess the effects of the project-based learning (PBL) for participants undergoing clinical oncology teaching (COT). METHODS: A systematic and comprehensive literature records will be identified from the electronic databases of PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Springer, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All electronic databases will be searched from their inceptions up to the present. Any relevant randomized controlled trials on the effects of PBL in participants receiving COT will be considered for inclusion. Study quality will be assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. RevMan 5.3 software will be utilized for statistical analysis. RESULTS: This study will assess the effects of PBL in participants receiving COT through assessing the primary outcomes of psychological disorders, student satisfaction, and student feedback, and secondary outcomes of examination scores, excellence rates, course examination pass rates, and clinical knowledge or skills. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study will summarize the latest evidence on the effects of PBL in participants receiving in COT. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019150433.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/métodos , Oncología Médica/educación , Estudiantes/psicología , China/epidemiología , Bases de Datos Factuales , Humanos , Satisfacción Personal , Investigación Cualitativa , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Proyectos de Investigación , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Enseñanza/normas
14.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802152

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Reasons for lower use of medical services by children and adolescents with migration background have not yet been investigated. The aim is therefore to identify factors that are related to the utilization of outpatient medical care and subjective patient satisfaction as well as explain differences according to migration background. METHODS: On the basis of the "German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents" (KiGGS, baseline study: 2003-2006), in which 17,640 children and adolescents participated, prevalences with 95% confidence intervals as well as multivariate binary logistic regression analyzes on the relationship between migration background, country of origin, the use of outpatient medical care services in the last 12 months, and satisfaction with the last medical treatment were calculated. RESULTS: Children up to age 13 with two-sided migration background had lower utilization of specialist doctors compared to those without migration background (OR = 0.64 [0.56-0.74]). However, among the 14- to 17-year-olds, the utilization did not differ significantly (OR = 0.79 [0.60-1.03]). The lower use of outpatient medical care is associated with a shorter length of stay and limited German language skills. In addition, parents from Poland and the former Soviet Union are less likely to be very satisfied with the last outpatient treatment of their 0­ to 13-year-old child, even after adjustments for German language skills and length of stay. CONCLUSION: To make it easier for children with migration background to access specialist services, it is important to reduce language barriers in outpatient medical care and to promote processes of intercultural opening.


Asunto(s)
Pacientes Ambulatorios , Satisfacción Personal , Migrantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios Transversales , Alemania , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , U.R.S.S.
15.
J Psychol ; 154(1): 75-93, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524567

RESUMEN

Trait emotional intelligence (TEI) is an important individual difference variable that is related to the quality of romantic relationships. The present study investigated the associations between TEI, dyadic coping, and relationship satisfaction. A convenience sample of N = 136 heterosexual couples was recruited online. When the actor-partner interdependence model was applied to the data, TEI showed a positive actor effect and a positive partner effect on relationship satisfaction. The actor effect and partner effect of TEI on relationship satisfaction were partially mediated through positive dyadic coping and common dyadic coping, respectively. A small total indirect actor effect was also found for negative dyadic coping. Controlling for potential content overlap between TEI and relationship satisfaction did not alter the results. However, removing variance from the TEI score that was shared with the Big Five trait factors attenuated TEI's actor and partner effects on relationship satisfaction and rendered all but one actor effect for TEI on dyadic coping and all but one indirect effect nonsignificant. The results underline the importance of TEI for the quality of romantic relationships and they shed light on underlying mechanisms. Implications for theory, research, and applications in counseling contexts will be discussed.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Inteligencia Emocional , Relaciones Interpersonales , Satisfacción Personal , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Parejas Sexuales/psicología , Adulto Joven
17.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 49(3): 310-316, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353175

RESUMEN

The endoscope-assisted hairline approach is becoming a preferred technique in several surgical disciplines because of its advantage of good cosmetic outcomes. However, such operations are not yet standard for benign lesions in the maxillofacial area due to the anatomical complexity of this region. This study describes an endoscope-assisted technique for resecting benign lesions in the maxillofacial area via a hairline approach. The clinical outcomes with this approach were compared to those obtained with the conventional transcutaneous approach. Benign maxillofacial lesions were excised via endoscope-assisted hairline approach in 27 patients and via transcutaneous approach in 28 patients. Clinical outcomes and complications related to the procedures were evaluated; the primary outcome was the efficacy of the procedure and the secondary outcome was cosmetic satisfaction. There were no significant differences with respect to overall demographic characteristics between the groups, although the operation time was longer for the hairline approach (P=0.001). Cosmetic satisfaction showed much better results for the hairline approach (P=0.001). Endoscope-assisted excision of benign maxillofacial lesions via the hairline approach is a feasible method with excellent cosmetic results.


Asunto(s)
Endoscopios , Endoscopía , Humanos , Tempo Operativo , Satisfacción Personal
18.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 305-314, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335583

RESUMEN

Increasingly popular in the neoliberal university, community-engaged service-learning (CESL) courses offer rich yet contradictory opportunities for LGBTQ studies students to synthesize queer critiques of community and identity with experiences in LGBTQ communities. Much CESL scholarship has focused on the tensions between benefits to community and to students, prioritizing either radical social change or student satisfaction. Beside such debates, I propose the queer ethical, pedagogical, and political value of disappointment in the tedium and contradictions of community itself. Such queer disappointment, I contend, might enable students to cultivate the emotional and critical capacities to engage in community work on sustainable, dedramatized, and unentitled terms.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Homosexualidad/psicología , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Masculino , Características de la Residencia , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Cambio Social
19.
J Abnorm Psychol ; 129(1): 70-81, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868390

RESUMEN

The growth of clinical science as a field depends on the work of engaged mentors nurturing future generations of scientists. Effective research mentoring has been shown to predict positive outcomes, including greater scholarly productivity, reduced attrition, and increased satisfaction with training and/or employment, which ultimately may enhance the quality of the clinical-science research enterprise. Barriers to effective research mentoring, however, pose significant challenges for both mentees and mentors, as well as for labs, training programs, and/or departments. We discuss some key issues as they apply to clinical-science mentoring and note how they are affected across different developmental levels (undergraduate, postbaccalaureate, doctoral, internship, postdoctoral associates, and early career faculty). Although we do not proclaim expertise on these issues-and have struggled with them in our own careers-we believe an open discussion around best mentoring practices will enhance our collective effectiveness and help mentees and our field to flourish. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Tutoría , Mentores , Satisfacción Personal , Psicología , Investigadores , Estudiantes , Humanos
20.
Int J Med Inform ; 134: 103927, 2020 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864096

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: The Unified Model of Information Systems Continuance (UMISC) is a metamodel for the evaluation of clinical information systems (CISs) that integrates constructs from five models that have previously been published in the literature. UMISC was developed at the Georges Pompidou University Hospital (HEGP) in Paris and was partially validated at the Saint Joseph Hospital Group (HPSJ), another acute care institution using the same CIS as HEGP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this replication study was twofold: (1) to perform an external validation of UMISC in two different hospitals and country contexts: the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires (HIBA) in Argentina and the Hospital Sirio Libanes in Sao Paulo, Brazil (HSL); (2) to compare, using the same evaluation model, the determinants of satisfaction, use, and continuance intention observed at HIBA and HSL with those previously observed at HEGP and HPSJ. METHODS: The UMISC evaluation questionnaires were translated from their original languages (English and French) to Brazilian Portuguese and Spanish following the translation/back-translation method. These questionnaires were then applied at each target site. The 21 UMISC-associated hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling (SEM). RESULTS: A total of 3020 users, 1079 at HIBA and 1941 at the HSL, were included in the analysis. The respondents included 1406 medical staff and 1001 nursing staff. The average profession-adjusted use, overall satisfaction and continuance intention were significantly higher at HIBA than at HSL in the medical and nursing groups. In SEM analysis, UMISC explained 23% and 11% of the CIS use dimension, 72% and 85% of health professionals' satisfaction, and 41% and 60% of continuance intention at HIBA and HSL, respectively. Twenty of the 21 UMISC-related hypotheses were validated in at least one of the four evaluation sites, and 16 were validated in two or more sites. CONCLUSION: The UMISC evaluation metamodel appears to be a robust comparison and explanatory model of satisfaction, use and continuance intention for CISs in late post adoption situations.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Sistemas de Información en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Hospitales Universitarios/normas , Modelos Organizacionales , Satisfacción Personal , Adulto , Argentina , Brasil , Femenino , Humanos , Agencias Internacionales , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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