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1.
Arthroscopy ; 37(4): 1152-1154, 2021 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812519

RESUMEN

The use of advanced statistical methods and artificial intelligence including machine learning enables researchers to identify preoperative characteristics predictive of patients achieving minimal clinically important differences in health outcomes after interventions including surgery. Machine learning uses algorithms to recognize patterns in data sets to predict outcomes. The advantages are the ability, using "big data" registries, to infer relations that otherwise would not be readily understood and the ability to continuously improve the model as new data are added. However, machine learning has limitations. Models are only as good as the data incorporated, and data may be misapplied owing to huge data sets and strong computing capabilities, in which spurious correlations may be suggested based on significant P values. Hence, common sense must be applied. The future of outcome prediction studies will most definitely rely on machine learning and artificial intelligence methods.


Asunto(s)
Artroscopía , Inteligencia Artificial , Algoritmos , Humanos , Aprendizaje Automático , Satisfacción Personal
2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802891

RESUMEN

This study examined the effects of home confinement on physical activity (PA) and life satisfaction during the COVID-19 outbreak in Qatar. A total of 1144 subjects participated (male: n = 588; female: n = 556; age: 33.1 ± 11.1 years; mass: 76.1 ± 16.4 kg; height: 1.70 ± 0.11 m; body mass index (BMI): 26.1 ± 4.44  kg/m2). Online survey questions considered "before" and "during" confinement. Confinement reduced all PA intensities (ηp2 = 0.27-0.67, p < 0.001) and increased daily sitting time from 3.57 ± 1.47 to 6.32 ± 1.33 h per weekday (ηp2 = 0.67, p < 0.001). The largest reduction was detected for the sum parameter all physical activity (minutes per week, ηp2 = 0.67, p < 0.001; MET (metabolic equivalent of task)-minutes/week, ηp2 = 0.69, p < 0.001). Life satisfaction decreased, with the score for "I am satisfied with my life" (ηp2 = 0.76, p < 0.001) decreasing from 28.1 ± 4.81 to 14.2 ± 6.41 arbitrary units (AU). Concerning life satisfaction, the largest change was detected for the statement "the conditions of my life are excellent" (dmale = 7.93). For all parameters, time effects were indicative of large negative effects in both genders. In terms of magnitude, the difference between gender was greatest for the parameter "the conditions of my life are excellent" (difference between groups, d = 4.84). In conclusion, COVID-19 confinement decreased PA, increased sitting time, and decreased life satisfaction in Qatar. These precautionary findings explicate the risk of psychosocial impairment and the potential physical harm of reducing physical activity during early COVID-19 confinement in 2020.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Sedentaria , Adulto , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Ejercicio Físico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfacción Personal , Qatar , Adulto Joven
3.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807042

RESUMEN

The recent COVID-19 pandemic has been disrupting the daily lives of people across the world, causing a major concern for psychological well-being in children. This study aimed to examine (1) how life satisfaction and its potential predictors have been affected by the pandemic among school-aged children in Korea, and (2) which factors would predict their life satisfaction during the pandemic. We surveyed 166 fourth-graders in the Seoul metropolitan area to assess their psychological well-being and potentially related variables during the pandemic. The data were compared with those available from two pre-COVID-19 surveys, the 2018 Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (n = 1236) and the 2019 Korean Children and Youth Well-being Index Survey (n = 334). Higher levels of stress were observed in children during the COVID-19 pandemic; however, the level of their life satisfaction remained unchanged when compared with data from the pre-COVID-19 surveys. The pandemic also affected peer relationship quality and susceptibility to smartphone addiction, but not perceived parenting style nor academic engagement. Interestingly, peer relationship quality no longer predicted life satisfaction during the pandemic; perceived parenting styles and parent-child conversation time predicted life satisfaction. The results suggest a central role of parent-child relationship in supporting the psychological well-being of school-aged children during the pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Pandemias , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Satisfacción Personal , Calidad de Vida , República de Corea/epidemiología , Instituciones Académicas , Seúl
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807204

RESUMEN

Recently, with the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, several lockdown and stay-at-home regulations have been implemented worldwide. In this regard, loneliness has been identified as the signature mental health consequence of this pandemic. The aim of this study is to explore the associations among loneliness, hopelessness, depression, ego-resilience and life satisfaction in a random sample of young adults (N = 337) at a university in the Western Cape of South Africa. Parallel and serial mediation analysis supported the hypothesis that loneliness is associated with hopelessness, which in turn is associated with depression, and that ego-resilience mediates the association between all the negative indices of psychological well-being and life satisfaction. These findings suggest that mental health interventions that boost ego-resilience and target loneliness may help in dealing with the mental health consequences of COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Soledad , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Depresión/epidemiología , Ego , Humanos , Pandemias , Satisfacción Personal , Sudáfrica , Adulto Joven
5.
MedEdPORTAL ; 17: 11106, 2021 03 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768143

RESUMEN

Introduction: During the COVID-19 pandemic, third-year medical students were temporarily unable to participate in onsite clinical activities. We identified the curricular components of an internal medicine (IM) clerkship that would be compromised if students learned solely from online didactics, case studies, and simulations (i.e., prerounding, oral presentations, diagnostic reasoning, and medical management discussions). Using these guiding principles, we created a virtual rounds (VR) curriculum to provide IM clerkship students with clinical exposure during a virtual learning period. Methods: Held three times a week for 2 weeks, VR consisted of three curricular components. First, clerkship students prerounded on an assigned hospitalized patient by remotely accessing the electronic health record and calling into hospital rounds. Second, each student prepared an oral presentation on their assigned patient. Third, using videoconferencing, students delivered these oral presentations to telemedicine VR small groups consisting of three to four students and three tele-instructors. Tele-instructors then provided feedback on oral presentations and taught clinical concepts. We assessed the effectiveness of VR by anonymously surveying students and tele-instructors. Results: Twenty-nine students and 34 volunteer tele-instructors participated in VR over four blocks. A majority of students felt VR improved their prerounding abilities (86%), oral presentation abilities (93%), and clinical reasoning skills (62%). All students found small group to be useful. Discussion: VR allowed students to practice rounding skills in a supportive team-based setting. The lessons learned from its implementation could facilitate education during future pandemics and could also supplement in-person clerkship education.


Asunto(s)
Prácticas Clínicas/métodos , Educación a Distancia/métodos , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/métodos , Medicina Interna/educación , Rondas de Enseñanza/métodos , /epidemiología , Competencia Clínica , Curriculum , Medicina Hospitalar/educación , Medicina Hospitalar/tendencias , Humanos , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Telemedicina/métodos
6.
MedEdPORTAL ; 17: 11117, 2021 03 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768149

RESUMEN

Introduction: Triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, medical education has moved online, tasking medical educators with developing virtual learning experiences. This is particularly challenging for less-represented disciplines, such as ophthalmology. We designed a red eye clinical reasoning case for preclinical medical students, which can be delivered virtually, using video conference software. Methods: We developed a 90-minute red eye/clinical reasoning workshop for which prereading was assigned to students. We then delivered a virtual development session to nonophthalmologist copreceptors and provided a session faculty guide. The entire first-year medical student class (No. = 140) participated in one of four identical workshops, which included virtual small- and large-group discussions. Students completed a knowledge pre- and posttest, and an optional session postsurvey. Results: Knowledge gains from pretest (No. = 94) to posttest (No. = 73) were statistically significant (p < .05), with average scores improving from 57% to 70%. Overall, students were satisfied, rating the following items 4 or 5 out of 5: session (86%, No. = 31), virtual format (83%, No. = 30), and if they recommended future use (69%, No. = 35). Discussion: This novel, virtual clinical reasoning case simulated small- and large-group learning, achieved knowledge gains, and was well received by students. Minor technical challenges were encountered but successfully remedied, without apparent disruption to learning. This virtual medical education model can be used to enhance ophthalmology education in preclinical medical students and can be adapted for virtual design of other curricular content.


Asunto(s)
Educación a Distancia/métodos , Oftalmología/educación , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Entrenamiento Simulado/métodos , /epidemiología , Competencia Clínica , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Oftalmopatías/diagnóstico , Humanos , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología
7.
Evid Based Dent ; 22(1): 30-31, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772130

RESUMEN

Design Randomised controlled trial.Intervention Undergraduate students aged 18 to 35 years were randomly allocated to either navigate a bespoke Instagram page featuring 'ideal' facial images as judged by five orthodontists (n = 71) or neutral images of nature (n = 61). Participants were allowed to view the Instagram page once and for a duration of five minutes.Outcome measures The primary outcome was facial dissatisfaction which was measured using the Facial Satisfaction Scale (FSS). Secondary outcomes included: body dissatisfaction, which was measured using the Body Satisfaction Scale (BSS), and overall body and facial dissatisfaction, measured as a sum of scores of BSS and FSS.Data analysis Data were analysed using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariate regression analyses.Results Exposure to 'ideal' facial images on Instagram resulted in significantly lower facial satisfaction scores (-2.39; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -4.32, -0.46 P <0.016), with no significant difference in BSS (-2.74; CI: -5.66, 0.19) and overall scores (-3.49; CI: -6.10, -0.87) when compared to the control group. Based on the multivariate regression analysis, high baseline self-discrepancy scores negatively affected both FSS and BSS.Conclusions Exposure to 'ideal' facial images on Instagram resulted in an immediate and negative impact on FSS when compared to neutral images of nature. While this study is interesting, further robust research to clarify the effect of various social networking sites on facial and bodily satisfaction remains necessary.


Asunto(s)
Insatisfacción Corporal , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Adolescente , Adulto , Imagen Corporal , Humanos , Satisfacción Personal , Sonrisa , Adulto Joven
8.
GMS J Med Educ ; 38(1): Doc1, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33659606

RESUMEN

Introduction: In summer term 2020, the clinical phase of the undergraduate medical curriculum at University Medical Center Göttingen was restructured since distance teaching had to be used predominantly due to contact restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper investigates the impact of restructuring the clinical curriculum on medical students' satisfaction and learning outcomes. Methods: In each cohort, the 13-week curriculum was divided into two parts: During the first 9 weeks, factual knowledge was imparted using distance teaching by means of a modified inverted classroom approach. This was followed by a 4-week period of adapted classroom teaching involving both real and virtual patients in order to train students' practical skills. The evaluation of the 21 clinical modules comprised students' satisfaction with distance teaching as well as students' learning outcome. The latter was assessed by means of comparative self-assessment (CSA) gain and the results of the module exams, respectively. Data of summer term 2020 (= distance teaching, DT) were compared with respective data of winter term 2019/20 (= classroom teaching, CT) and analysed for differences and correlations. Results: Response rates of evaluations were 51.3% in CT and 19.3% in DT. There was no significant difference between mean scores in module exams in CT and DT, respectively. However, CSA gain was significantly lower in DT (p=0.047) compared with CT. Further analyses revealed that CSA gain depended on the time point of data collection: CSA gain was lower the more time had passed since the end of a specific module. Moreover, we found positive correlations between CSA gain and students' satisfaction with various aspects of distance teaching, particularly with "communication between teachers and students" (rho=0.674; p=0.002). Discussion and conclusions: Although some limitations and confounding factors have to be taken into account (such as evaluation response rates, assessment time points, and proportion of familiar items in module exams), the following recommendations can be derived from our findings: A valid assessment of students' learning outcome by means of exam results requires that as few exam items as possible are familiar to the students. CSA gain seems to be valid if assessment time points are standardised and not contaminated by students' learning activities for other modules. Good communication between teachers and students may contribute to increase students' satisfaction with distance teaching.


Asunto(s)
Centros Médicos Académicos/organización & administración , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/organización & administración , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Competencia Clínica , Comunicación , Curriculum , Educación a Distancia , Evaluación Educacional/métodos , Evaluación Educacional/normas , Humanos , Pandemias , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/organización & administración , Realidad Virtual
9.
GMS J Med Educ ; 38(1): Doc2, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33659607

RESUMEN

Objective: Drastic restrictions were imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, especially relating to the practical training part of the undergraduate human and dental medical training. During emergency mode teaching in the summer semester of 2020, a pilot project on practical classroom teaching under COVID-19 conditions was undertaken the Skills Lab Dresden, the Interprofessional Medical Training Centre (MITZ). Students were able to continue learning basic communication and manual skills. This project report presents the adaptations needed for this teaching concept and discusses their feasibility as well as selected evaluation results of the trial run. Description of the project: In normal teaching, students rotate to complete training sessions in small groups. Teaching is provided in a peer-teaching format. An Inverted Classroom Model was implemented as a teaching concept during emergency operation with preparation through digital learning and classroom teaching. Organisational and teaching adjustments were carried out for the concept and to comply with containment regulations. The concept was evaluated by the students using a standardised online questionnaire. Results: 1012 students completed their training during emergency operation at the university. The containment regulations meant that there were a higher number of training sessions and a higher workload. Only one of the alternative dates provided had to be used for COVID-19-related reasons. Infection chains could be tracked. The majority of students found the communication of information via Moodle to be sufficient and did not experience any technical problems. An analysis of the students' evaluation revealed a high level of overall satisfaction with the adapted teaching concept. Conclusion: The MITZ will once again use the concept in a modified form should there be renewed or continued emergency operation. The Inverted Classroom Model will also be established as an integral part of regular teaching. The findings may be of interest to other Skills Labs to develop concepts for emergency operation teaching to efficiently utilise site-specific resources.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Educación en Odontología/organización & administración , Educación Médica/organización & administración , Grupo Paritario , Enseñanza/organización & administración , Comunicación , Humanos , Pandemias , Satisfacción Personal , Proyectos Piloto
10.
GMS J Med Educ ; 38(1): Doc6, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33659611

RESUMEN

Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic also called for the teaching of practical skills to develop teaching formats outside of classroom teaching. Methods: Selected physical examination techniques (musculoskeletal system, neurological system) were taught via video conference using a modified Peyton method. The core element was the mutual, real demonstration of the respective skill by student tutor and student with immediate possible correction. Results: The IT requirements turned out to be sufficient, direct feedback from tutors and students was positive. Conclusion: Whether this method can be a substitute for classroom courses must be evaluated in more extensive studies.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/organización & administración , Examen Físico/métodos , Comunicación por Videocoferencia/organización & administración , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Humanos , Pandemias , Satisfacción Personal
11.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 20: 1534735421999101, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655797

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has catalyzed the use of mobile technologies to deliver health care. This new medical model has benefited integrative oncology (IO) consultations, where cancer patients are counseled about healthy lifestyle, non-pharmacological approaches for symptom management, and addressing questions around natural products and other integrative modalities. Here we report the feasibility of conducting IO physician consultations via telehealth in 2020 and compare patient characteristics to prior in-person consultations conducted in 2019. METHODS: An integrated EHR-telemedicine platform was used for IO physician consultations. As in the prior in-person visits, patients completed pre-visit patient-reported outcome (PRO) assessments about common cancer symptoms [modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale, (ESAS)], Measure Yourself Concerns and Wellbeing (MYCaW), and the PROMIS-10 to assess quality of life (QOL). Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and PROs for new telehealth consultation in 2020 were compared to new in-person consultations in 2019 using t-tests, chi-squared tests, and -Wilcoxon rank-sum test. RESULTS: We provided telehealth IO consultations to 509 new patients from April 21, 2020, to October 21, 2020, versus 842 new patients in-person during the same period in 2019. Most were female (77 % vs 73%); median age (56 vs 58), and the most frequent cancer type was breast (48% vs 39%). More patients were seeking counseling on herbs and supplements (12.9 vs 6.8%) and lifestyle (diet 22.7 vs 16.9% and exercise 5.2 vs 1.8%) in the 2020 cohort than 2019, respectively. The 2020 telehealth cohort had lower symptom management concerns compared to the 2019 in-person cohort (19.5 vs 33.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Delivering IO consultations using telehealth is feasible and meets patients' needs. Compared to patients seen in-person during 2019, patients having telehealth IO consultations in 2020 reported lower symptom burden and more concerns about lifestyle and herbs and supplements. Additional research is warranted to explore the satisfaction and challenges among patients receiving telehealth IO care.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Oncología Integrativa/estadística & datos numéricos , Neoplasias/terapia , Relaciones Profesional-Paciente , Telemedicina/organización & administración , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Satisfacción Personal , Calidad de Vida , Consulta Remota/organización & administración , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Comunicación por Videocoferencia
12.
BMC Womens Health ; 21(1): 102, 2021 03 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691676

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between quality of life (QoL) with anxiety, depression, corona disease anxiety, sexual function (SF), and marital satisfaction (MS) in married women during the Covid-19 pandemic. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study involving n = 296 married women. We used the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), Marital Satisfaction Scale (MSS), Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and coronary disease anxiety questionnaire, as determinants of QoL for data collection. Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and path analysis. RESULTS: There was a relationship between the components of QoL with SF, anxiety, depression, MS, general health, and contamination obsessions. The results of path analysis also showed that that SF, MS, anxiety, general health, and corona-related anxiety have a direct effect on women's QoL. General health has a more direct effect on QoL. CONCLUSION: The results of this study could help in a plan to improve the QoL of women during the coronavirus epidemic.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Matrimonio , Calidad de Vida , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Irán/epidemiología , Pandemias , Satisfacción Personal , Salud Sexual , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
13.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(2): 176-182, 2021 Feb 28.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678655

RESUMEN

Decision-making aid for cancer patients is of great significance in the diagnosis and treatment for diseases. Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in women all over the world, and breast cancer patients have become the main target population for decision-aided research. Application of decision-making assistance for patients in Western countries has developed to a certain extent, while relevant research in China is still at the early stage. There are kinds of intervention forms for patients' decision aids, including traditional brochures and videos, decision aids systems, decision coaching, multidisciplinary breast cancer teams, etc. The tools for decision-making quality evaluation include the patients' awareness for decision-making, participation, decision-making conflict, decision-making satisfaction, decision-making regret, which can provide important guidance for the application of decision-making aid treatment in breast cancer patients in the future.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , China , Toma de Decisiones , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción Personal
14.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0248384, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705462

RESUMEN

Prior studies indicated that actively using social network sites (SNSs) is positively associated with well-being by enhancing social support and feelings of connectedness. Conversely, passively using SNSs is negatively associated with well-being by fostering upward social comparison and envy. However, the majority of these studies has focused on Facebook. The present research examined the relationships between well-being-satisfaction with life, negative affect, positive affect-and using actively or passively various SNSs-Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, TikTok-during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, two mediators were tested: social support and upward social comparison. One thousand four persons completed an online survey during the quarantine measures; the analyses employed structural equation modeling. Results showed that passive usage of Facebook is negatively related to well-being through upward social comparison, whereas active usage of Instagram is positively related to satisfaction with life and negative affect through social support. Furthermore, active usage of Twitter was positively related to satisfaction with life through social support; while passive usage was negatively related to upward social comparison, which, in turn, was associated with more negative affect. Finally, TikTok use was not associated with well-being. Results are discussed in line with SNSs' architectures and users' motivations. Future research is required to go beyond methodological and statistical limitations and allow generalization. This study concludes that SNSs must be differentiated to truly understand how they shape human interactions.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Celos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Motivación , Pandemias , Satisfacción Personal , Cuarentena , Red Social , Apoyo Social , Adulto Joven
15.
Glob Health Res Policy ; 6(1): 10, 2021 03 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712081

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Education institutions promptly implemented a set of steps to prevent the spread of COVID-19 among international Chinese students, such as restrictive physical exercise, mask wear, daily health reporting, etc. Success of such behavioral change campaigns largely depends on awareness building, satisfaction and trust on the authorities. The purpose of this current study is to assess the preventive, supportive and awareness-building steps taken during the COVID-19 pandemic for international students in China, that will be useful for planning such a behavioral change campaign in the potential pandemic situation in other parts of the world. METHODS: We conducted an online-based e-questionnaire survey among 467 international students in China through WeChat. The data collection duration was from February 20, 2020 to March 10, 2020 and we focused on their level of awareness, satisfaction, and trust in authorities regarding pandemic measures. Simple bivariate statistics was used to describe the background characteristics of the respondents along with adoption of the partial least squares-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) as the final model to demonstrate the relationship between the variables. RESULTS: In our study, the leading group of the respondents were within 31 to 35 years' age group (39.82%), male (61.88%), living single (58.24%) and doctoral level students (39.8%). The preventive and supportive measures taken by students and/or provided by the respective institution or authorities were positively related to students' satisfaction and had an acceptable strength (ß = 0.611, t = 9.679, p < 0.001). The trust gained in authorities also showed an acceptable strength (ß = 0.381, t = 5.653, p < 0.001) with a positive direction. Again, the personnel awareness building related to both students' satisfaction (ß = 0.295, t = 2.719, p < 0.001) and trust gain (ß = 0.131, t = 1.986, p < 0.05) in authorities had a positive and acceptable intensity. Therefore, our study clearly demonstrates the great impact of preventive and supportive measures in the development of students' satisfaction (R2 = 0.507 indicating moderate relationship). The satisfied students possessed a strong influence which eventually helped in building sufficient trust on their institutions (R2 = 0.797 indicating above substantial relationship). CONCLUSIONS: The worldwide student group is one of the most affected and vulnerable communities in this situation. So, there is a profound ground of research on how different states or authorities handle such situation. In this study, we have depicted the types and magnitude of care taken by Chinese government and educational institutions towards international students to relieve the panic of pandemic situation. Further research and such initiatives should be taken in to consideration for future emerging conditions.


Asunto(s)
Concienciación , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes/psicología , Adulto , China , Femenino , Humanos , Internacionalidad , Análisis de los Mínimos Cuadrados , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Modelos Teóricos , Servicios Preventivos de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Grupos de Autoayuda/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
16.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 38, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777306

RESUMEN

Introduction: patients´ satisfaction with their dental appearance and tooth colour is often influenced by certain factors which need to be addressed periodically among different populations. Methods: a self-administered questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic data, questions on patients´ satisfaction with tooth colour, perceived malalignment of teeth, non-aesthetic anterior tooth-coloured restoration and presence of tooth fracture were distributed. Data collected was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (IBM, SPSS version 20). Chi square was used to test the statistical differences at a significance of p> 0.05. Results: a total of 410 patients (M=147, F=263) participated in the study. About 73% had tertiary education while 36.3% were within the modified ISCO-08 Group 2. The respondents that were satisfied with the general dental appearance and tooth shade were 66.3% and 63.5% respectively. More males (65.1%) than females (62.7%) were satisfied with tooth colour while more females (69.1%) were satisfied with dental appearance. The older age group were more satisfied with dental appearance and tooth colour. Awareness of tooth whitening (Over 80%) and the desire to undergo tooth whitening was more among the post-secondary individuals. More of dental patients (73.1%) than medical (59.2%) were satisfied with teeth appearance (p=0.003). Conclusion: patients are increasingly aware of their dental appearance/tooth colour and the need to improve it with tooth bleaching and/or orthodontic treatment. Female were more dissatisfied with their tooth colour but more satisfied with their dental appearance than the male. Older people were more satisfied with their dental appearance and tooth colour compared to younger age group.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Blanqueamiento de Dientes/psicología , Decoloración de Dientes/psicología , Diente/patología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nigeria , Ortodoncia Correctiva/psicología , Percepción , Factores Sexuales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
17.
J Clin Anesth ; 70: 110192, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556792

RESUMEN

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Anesthesiologists have a high prevalence of burnout with adverse effects on professionalism and safety. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of an interactive anesthesiology educational program on the wellness of anesthesia providers and their children, as assessed by a modified Professional Fulfillment Index. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Perioperative area. PATIENTS: Thirty clinicians participated in the program. Twenty respondents, representing 67% of participants and each corresponding to a parent and their child or children, completed the post-event survey. INTERVENTIONS: An interactive anesthesiology educational program incorporating children, between the ages of five and eighteen years old, of anesthesia providers was held in the perioperative area. The program was held over four hours and was comprised of four sessions including pediatric anesthesia, neuroanesthesia, airway, and ultrasound stations. MEASUREMENTS: Anesthesia providers and their children were administered a post-event assessment, including a modified Professional Fulfillment Index and satisfaction survey. MAIN RESULTS: All twenty (100%) of respondents indicated it was "very true" or "completely true" that their child was happy with the program, and that it was worthwhile and satisfying to both the anesthesia provider and their child. Nineteen (95%) of reporting participants indicated it was "very true" or "completely true" that it was meaningful to have the department host such a program and 17 (85%) respondents felt their child now better understands the anesthesia work of the parent. All clinician volunteers indicated it was "very true" or "completely true" that they were contributing professionally during the program in ways that they valued most. CONCLUSION: An interactive educational wellness initiative provides an effective and feasible method for increasing professional fulfillment and satisfaction among anesthesia providers while educating our youngest generation of learners. Implementation of such a program may also occur with modifications such as televideo to maintain COVID-19 precautions.


Asunto(s)
Anestesiólogos/psicología , Anestesiología/educación , Agotamiento Profesional/prevención & control , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfacción Personal , Estudios Prospectivos
18.
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes ; 161: 50-56, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589378

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Former results of the KarMed study revealed a significant decrease in the career satisfaction of female physicians with children in the course of their postgraduate training compared to male physicians with children. Yet, female physicians with children showed the highest scores on satisfaction with life at the fourth year of postgraduate training. The present study evaluates whether the different courses of career satisfaction and life satisfaction of female physicians compared to male physicians are caused by parental status. METHODS: Data were collected in the course of the KarMed study (2008-2016). A cross-lagged panel design was used to analyze data from T2 to T5. RESULTS: The results indicate an inverse association of career satisfaction with life satisfaction. Women physicians with a low level of career satisfaction were more likely to have children than those with a higher career satisfaction. Furthermore, we found a causal effect of parental status on career satisfaction in male physicians. For female physicians, yet not for male physicians, life satisfaction predicts the parental status. CONCLUSIONS: The structural improvement in postgraduate training needs to be adjusted in terms of parental status. Prospective studies should take medical leave during pregnancy as well as parental leave of male medical residents into account.


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia , Satisfacción Personal , Selección de Profesión , Niño , Femenino , Alemania , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Embarazo , Estudios Prospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535549

RESUMEN

Quality of life constitutes an indicator of well-being, satisfaction or happiness resulting from one's existence. It is often referred to as a standard of living. In general, it is contentment with the fulfilment of one's needs. The main objective of the article is to describe the selected components of the living standards and quality of life within the Polish community of the Greater Toronto Area which includes four regions: Halton, Peel, York and Durham. The model of mutually affecting objective factors (standard of living) and subjective factors (quality of life) will be presented. The specific factors (demographic, social, cultural, economic, legal, educational, geographical and health-related) included in field studies among the respondents and based on assigned indices influencing the quality of life in the Polish community of the Greater Toronto Area, will be demonstrated. The major goal of the paper is to present an assessment of aspects related to health factors, both in terms of objective factors (standard of living) and subjective ones (quality of life) by Polonia living in the Greater Toronto Area. Results will be shown on the basis of the survey questionnaire completed by 583 respondents. The questions focused on, among other issues, access to the healthcare system, competence of medical staff and access to sports facilities. Respondents also evaluated their satisfaction with their general health, both physical and mental, as well as the possibility of practicing sports associated with healthy lifestyle.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Calidad de Vida , Felicidad , Humanos , Polonia , Factores Socioeconómicos
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572726

RESUMEN

Gender differences in sexuality-related dimensions have long been investigated in close relationship research. An important assumption when comparing values across gender in dyadic research is that both partners conceptualize the construct under investigation in the same way. Thus, issues of measurement invariance should be considered when working with dyadic data. The aim of the present study was to test the dyadic invariance of the Positive Sexuality Scale (PSS) to assess an individual's sense of happiness and fulfillment with his/her sexual expression. The PSS was completed by 166 Chilean heterosexual couples, and measurement invariance was tested using confirmatory factor analysis within a dyadic framework. Configural, metric, scalar, and partial strict measurement invariance were supported for the PSS original one-factor model. No between-partner difference was found in the PSS latent factor mean. The functioning of the PSS and the meaning attributed to positive sexuality were the same for both partners. Hence, variations in the PSS levels between both partners in heterosexual couples can be interpreted as true mean differences rather than measurement artifacts.


Asunto(s)
Heterosexualidad , Satisfacción Personal , Chile , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Felicidad , Masculino
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