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1.
J Christ Nurs ; 38(3): E25-E27, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085664

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Compassion fatigue has become a more significant concern as nurses have cared for patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results of compassion fatigue are detrimental for both nurses and their patients. Both administrative and individual actions can be taken to assess, prevent, and deal with compassion fatigue. Spiritual facets of recognizing the potential for and managing the problem are presented.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , COVID-19/psicología , Desgaste por Empatía/psicología , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Personal de Enfermería/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adulto , COVID-19/enfermería , Empatía , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Calidad de Vida
2.
Front Public Health ; 9: 622163, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079781

RESUMEN

Background: Burnout is a special a state of physical or emotional exhaustion that also involves a sense of reduced accomplishment and loss of personal identity. Objectives: To evaluate the predictors of burnout among work staff in the seven private agencies for support and defense of persons and their property. Material and Method: We performed a multicentric cross-sectional study that involved representative sample of working staff from Agencies of Private Security in Central Serbia. Burnout was assessed using Maslach Burnout Inventory- (MBI)-Human Services Survey. Results: A total number of participants were 353 (330 men and 23 women). Measured level of burnout as assessed by high emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment was 66.3, 82.4, and 13.4%, respectively. We identified that female gender, younger age, shorter work experience, working in shifts, working 12 h a day and more than 8-12 h a day as well as dissatisfaction with working conditions. Work in shifts, working 12 h a day and more than 8-12 h a day and dissatisfied with dissatisfaction with working conditions significantly increase the risk of total burnout. Conclusion: Our results showed that significant predictors for the development of burnout syndrome were female gender, younger age, shorter work experience, working in shifts, as well as dissatisfaction with working conditions.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Psicológico/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Serbia/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico
3.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1076, 2021 06 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090395

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine relations between social support, job stress, and public service motivation (PSM), also assessed how social support and job stress affect PSM in China based on the job demands-resources (JD-R) theory. METHODS: The survey investigated a sample of 973 healthcare workers employed in public hospitals in Beijing, Xiamen, and Guangzhou in 2017 (including doctors, nurses, medical technicians, and administrators). Correlation analysis and Structural equation modeling (SEM) were used. RESULTS: Challenge stress and hindrance stress were directly negatively associated with PSM. Supervisor support was significantly positively associated with PSM, and the path from coworker support to PSM was significant. Supervisor support was significantly negatively associated with hindrance stress, and coworker support was significantly negatively associated with challenge stress. Hindrance stress and challenge stress significantly mediated the relations between supervisor support and PSM, and between coworker support and PSM respectively. PSM might be raised by increasing supervisor support and coworker support and by limiting hindrance stress and challenge stress. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that administrators of public hospitals should be mindful of the intense job stress of healthcare workers and undertake interventions targeting challenge stress and hindrance stress. Also, public hospital administrators should encourage and assist supervisors in their leadership functions. Besides, administrators of public hospitals should emphasize coworker support and good employee relationships.


Asunto(s)
Motivación , Estrés Laboral , China/epidemiología , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Apoyo Social
4.
Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book ; 41: e339-e353, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061565

RESUMEN

Optimizing the well-being of the oncology clinician has never been more important. Well-being is a critical priority for the cancer organization because burnout adversely impacts the quality of care, patient satisfaction, the workforce, and overall practice success. To date, 45% of U.S. ASCO member medical oncologists report experiencing burnout symptoms of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. As the COVID-19 pandemic remains widespread with periods of outbreaks, recovery, and response with substantial personal and professional consequences for the clinician, it is imperative that the oncologist, team, and organization gain direct access to resources addressing burnout. In response, the Clinician Well-Being Task Force was created to improve the quality, safety, and value of cancer care by enhancing oncology clinician well-being and practice sustainability. Well-being is an integrative concept that characterizes quality of life and encompasses an individual's work- and personal health-related environmental, organizational, and psychosocial factors. These resources can be useful for the cancer organization to develop a well-being blueprint: a detailed start plan with recognized strategies and interventions targeting all oncology stakeholders to support a culture of community in oncology.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Oncología Médica/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Oncólogos/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/prevención & control , Agotamiento Psicológico/prevención & control , Agotamiento Psicológico/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , COVID-19/virología , Humanos , Internet , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Oncología Médica/organización & administración , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2/aislamiento & purificación , SARS-CoV-2/fisiología , Apoyo Social , Estados Unidos
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070570

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to analyse the impact that occupational health and safety policies have on employees' work and organisational commitment and, in turn, on their intention to leave the company. METHODS: For this study, we designed a questionnaire with a five-level Likert scale and distributed it among professionals from different companies in the IT consultancy sector in Spain. The data collected from 458 completed questionnaires were analysed using the partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) technique using the SmartPLS software. RESULTS: From the analysis of the data, it was concluded that there is indeed a positive relationship between occupational health and safety policies and employees' work and organisational commitment, as well as a negative relationship between these policies and the intention to leave the company. Similarly, there is a negative relationship between employees' work and organisational commitment and their turnover intention. CONCLUSIONS: Although, due to the activity of professionals in the sector, occupational health and safety has not been an area of priority, it was concluded from this study that an improvement in these areas would have a beneficial effect on the commitment of workers to the company, thus helping to reduce the high levels of turnover in the sector. Future lines of research, as well as their practical application and the limitations of the study, are indicated at the end of the paper.


Asunto(s)
Intención , Salud Laboral , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Reorganización del Personal , España , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070684

RESUMEN

The evaluation of the work performance of health professionals has focused the interest of scientific research in recent decades as a basis for improving the quality of health services. The global COVID-19 pandemic has pushed countries' health systems to the limit and had previously unknown consequences on the job performance of health professionals. In this context, what are the determinants of performance? There are numerous studies that link job performance with other variables that directly affect it, such as leadership, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and work environment. However, there are no studies that jointly relate all these variables, and even less in the field of health. The main objective of this work is to analyse how these variables are configured together to generate a good level of performance of health professionals during the times of COVID-19. To do this, a fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) is carried out, an appropriate method that will allow finding the joint causal effects of key variables in human resources to ensure a good level of job performance in health organizations. The study reveals that leadership and commitment are the two key drivers of performance. The data confirm that the "recipe" to achieve a good level of performance consists of the combination of leadership, commitment, and a good work environment. Additionally, in the case of less satisfied workers, linking leadership and commitment is a sufficient condition.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
7.
J Appl Psychol ; 106(5): 643-656, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096739

RESUMEN

Highly conscientious workers are more motivated and productive than their less conscientious colleagues. Moreover, conscientious employees tend to be more satisfied and less stressed from their work. One consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, is that many workers have transitioned to working remotely, often under conditions of less direct supervision and less clarity about expected work activities and outcomes. We proposed that this significant change in work context constitutes a weakening of situational strength that can change the relationship of conscientiousness with job strain, job satisfaction, and job performance. Using Meyer et al.'s (2010) conceptualization of situational strength, we tested the moderating effect of situational strength by surveying 474 white-collar employees in a Fortune-1000 firm in 2019 and again in 2020 after they had all transitioned to working remotely. We found that the changes in work context due to COVID-19 significantly lowered scores on situational strength and this was accompanied by a stronger positive effect of conscientiousness on performance. Importantly, during COVID-19, the relationships of conscientiousness with strain and satisfaction showed a reversal of sign, with more conscientious workers reporting higher strain and lower satisfaction. These effects were partially mediated by job demands and were replicated with work hours. The results provide a test of situational strength theory and suggest that changes in situational strength due to COVID-19 may cause an organization's most conscientious employees to be at elevated risk for burnout and dissatisfaction, and consequently, turnover, if not managed appropriately. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/psicología , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Teletrabajo , Rendimiento Laboral , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiología , Ajuste Emocional , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivación , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Estrés Laboral/psicología , Recompensa , Factores de Riesgo
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067641

RESUMEN

Though negative impacts of COVID-19 on occupational mental health have been reported, the mental health of psychotherapists has not been evaluated in depth. As this occupational group treats ever-increasing mental health problems, it is essential to appraise key factors for their mental health. Accordingly, this study aimed to explore burnout of professional psychotherapists. A total of 110 participants completed self-report measures regarding burnout, self-compassion, work-life balance and telepressure. Correlation, regression and moderation analyses were conducted. Both of the burnout components-emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation-were positively associated with weekly working hours and telepressure, and negatively associated with age, self-compassion and work-life balance. Weekly working hours and work-life balance were significant predictors of emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation. Lastly, self-compassion partially mediated the relationship between work-life balance and emotional exhaustion but did not mediate the relationship between work-life balance and depersonalisation. The findings suggest that maintaining high work-life balance is particularly important for the mental health of psychotherapists, protecting them from burnout. Moreover, self-compassion needs to be cultivated to mitigate emotional exhaustion. Mental health care for this occupational group needs to be implemented to achieve sustainable mental health care for workers and the public.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Estudios Transversales , Empatía , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Psicoterapeutas , SARS-CoV-2 , Equilibrio entre Vida Personal y Laboral
10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067949

RESUMEN

During the COVID-19 pandemic, many employees were asked to start working from home for an extended time. The current study investigated how well employees worked and felt in this novel situation by following n = 199 German employees-56% of them female, 24% with childcare duties-over the course of two working weeks in which they reported once daily on their well-being (PANAS-20, detachment) and motivation (work engagement, flow). Participants reported on organizational and personal resources (emotional exhaustion, emotion regulation, segmentation preference, role clarity, job control, social support). Importantly, they indicated how well their work-related basic needs, i.e., autonomy, competence, and relatedness, were met when working from home and how these needs had been met in the office. Multilevel models of growth showed that work engagement, flow, affect and detachment were on average positive and improving over the two weeks in study. Higher competence need satisfaction predicted better daily work engagement, flow, and affect. In a network model, we explored associations and dynamics between daily variables. Overall, the results suggest that people adapted well to the novel situation, with their motivation and well-being indicators showing adequate levels and increasing trajectories. Avenues for improving work from home are job control and social support.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Motivación , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Teletrabajo
11.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 13(1): 21-28, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-201545

RESUMEN

Employees in the healthcare sector are the professionals who are the most exposed to violence. The severity of its consequences makes it necessary to inquire into its effects and associated factors. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between violence toward nursing staff and job satisfaction, and to find out the mediating role of social support in this relationship. The sample was made up of 1,357 nurses aged 22 to 58, who were administered the Negative Acts Questionnaire, Healthcare-Workers Aggressive Behaviour Scale-Users, Brief Perceived Social Support Questionnaire, and Overall Job Satisfaction. The results showed that violence and bullying by coworkers, users, family members, or other people accompanying the patient had a direct negative effect on internal and external job satisfaction, and this effect was mediated by perceived social support. These outcomes suggest the need to stimulate a firm healthcare support network to improve nurses' job satisfaction by buffering the adverse effects of workplace violence


Los trabajadores del sector sanitario son los más expuestos a situaciones de violencia laboral. La gravedad de sus consecuencias hace necesario indagar en sus efectos y los factores asociados. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue analizar la relación entre la violencia hacia el personal de enfermería y la satisfacción laboral, así como establecer el papel mediador del apoyo social en esta relación. La muestra estuvo formada por 1,357 profesionales de enfermería de entre 22 y 58 años, a quienes se les administró el Negative Acts Questionnaire, la Healthcare-Workers Aggressive Behaviour Scale-Users, el Brief Perceived Social Support Questionnaire y la Overall Job Satisfaction. Los resultados mostraron que la violencia y acoso por parte de compañeros, usuarios y acompañantes o familiares ejercía un efecto directo negativo sobre la satisfacción laboral interna y externa, siendo este efecto mediado por el apoyo social percibido. Estos resultados muestran la necesidad de estimular una red de apoyo firme en el sector sanitario para mejorar la satisfacción con el trabajo entre los profesionales de enfermería, amortiguando los efectos adversos de la violencia laboral


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Violencia Laboral/psicología , Exposición a la Violencia/psicología , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Condiciones de Trabajo , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Apoyo Social , Grupo de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/estadística & datos numéricos
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34066327

RESUMEN

This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of burnout syndrome in a sample of residents from different specialties, to determine the influence of work-related factors on the development of burnout, and to examine the mediating role of burnout in the relation between such work factors and perceived errors in clinical practice. A total of 237 Spanish residents participated (Mage = 28.87, SD = 3.84; 73.8% females). The Maslach Burnout Inventory and an ad hoc questionnaire were administered to assess burnout and work-related factors. Comparison analyses and mediational models were conducted. Half of the residents reported high levels of burnout (48.9%). Burnout was significantly associated with perceived errors in clinical practice. Significant differences were found between residents with lower and higher burnout levels, showing that those with higher burnout were less satisfied with the working conditions. Burnout mediated the associations between adjustment of responsibility, support among residents, satisfaction with teaching and rotations, general satisfaction, and perceived errors in the clinical practice. Adjusted levels of responsibility and workload, enhanced supervision, and more social support from colleagues predict lower levels of burnout, which may result in fewer errors in clinical practice. Consequently, such work-related factors should be taken into account as a preventive strategy for burnout and errors in the clinical practice so adequate patient care, good mental health of future specialists, and, therefore, higher quality of public health care can be ensured.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Internado y Residencia , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Psicológico , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Carga de Trabajo
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068695

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: we have based our study on the fact that the labour market is progressively becoming more accessible for people with disabilities. This investigation aims to identify the factors that contribute to high levels of work-related stress in a group of disabled individuals in order to develop policies to prevent it and promote the health of the workforce. METHODS: 131 workers from two Special Employment Centres (SECs) of the Amica Association in Cantabria (Spain) participated in the study. Sociodemographic and job-related variables were collected using a questionnaire. Work-related stress was evaluated using the Maslach Burnout Inventory General Survey (MBI-GS), which analyzes emotional exhaustion, cynicism and personal efficacy. RESULTS: the main explanatory factors for higher levels of emotional exhaustion were more than 5 years of service in the company (OR 3.235-IC 95% 1.392-7.519; p = 0.006) and bad job satisfaction (OR 7.615-IC 95% 2.467-23.503; p = 0.0001); higher levels of cynicism were also explained by bad job satisfaction (OR 8.599-IC 95% 2.481-29.799; p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: future research is needed to facilitate the design of company policies and promote the well-being of the disabled population in the workplace, to avoid pathological conditions such as burnout syndrome.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Personas con Discapacidad , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Empleo , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , España/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(2): e20200227, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076214

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: to identify the dominant dimensions of the authentic leadership of nurses in a private hospital network and to verify the association with job satisfaction and accreditation. METHODS: cross-sectional, analytical study carried out in 11 hospitals with 282 nurses, of which 94 were leaders and 188 were led. Participants answered the Authentic Leardership Questionnaire and the Job Satisfaction Survey. RESULTS: there was a significant difference between the assessment of leaders and followers in all dimensions of the Authentic Leardership Questionnaire. Regarding the association of authentic leadership and job satisfaction, a significant positive moderate correlation was found among the employees. In hospitals accredited by the Joint Commission International, leaders were perceived as more transparent by their subordinates. CONCLUSIONS: there was correlation between authentic leadership and job satisfaction and authentic leadership and the accreditation model among the subordinates.


Asunto(s)
Liderazgo , Satisfacción Personal , Acreditación , Estudios Transversales , Hospitales Privados , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
15.
Med Lav ; 112(3): 209-218, 2021 Jun 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142677

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Colleague incivility is one of the subtlest forms of workplace aggression, referring to any low-intensity deviant behavior in violation of the norms of mutual respect with ambiguous intent to harm the target. Although a large corpus of literature has identified the negative consequences of colleague incivility for workers and their organizations, there is a paucity of studies aimed at examining the role played by job characteristics in triggering this form of aggression. The present study, referring to the work environment assumption of Einarsen (2000), proposes that workplace aggression is primarily affected by factors related to deficiencies in the psychosocial work environment. In this view, the present study aimed to test whether the relationships between stressors in the psychosocial work environment (i.e., workload, role conflict, and unfair reward) and burnout (i.e., exhaustion and cynicism) are mediated by colleague incivility. METHODS: The study design was cross-sectional and non-randomized. In total, 659 administrative officers employed in a large-sized Italian university completed a self-report questionnaire. Regression and mediation analyses (using the SPSS PROCESS macro) were performed to test the study hypotheses. -Findings: After adjusting for control variables (i.e., superior incivility, age, gender, interactions with teaching staff, and interactions with students), the analyses indicated that colleague incivility mediated the associations of role conflict and unfair reward with the two dimensions of burnout. In contrast, the mediating role of colleague incivility in the associations of workload with exhaustion and cynicism was not supported. DISCUSSION: The present study shed light on the key role of colleague incivility in the linkage of variables describing job characteristics and job burnout. From a practical point of view, the present study suggests that in order to prevent colleague incivility, interventions such as job (re)design should be implemented.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Incivilidad , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/etiología , Estudios Transversales , Docentes , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Lugar de Trabajo
16.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(suppl 3): e20200591, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037176

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to identify the types of career anchors of university hospital nurses and alignment with current work, from the perspective of workers' health. METHOD: a descriptive and quantitative study, developed in a university hospital with 135 nurses, from December 2018 to February 2019. The Career Orientations Inventory was used as an instrument and an instrument to assess the alignment of career anchors to the current job. RESULTS: it was identified that the most frequent anchors were: Security/Stability, Service/Dedication to a Cause, and Lifestyle. Among nurses, 63.7% were not aligned with their career anchor. CONCLUSION: the alignment factor is not prevalent among nurses, demonstrating that most seek to meet their professional motivations, but do not find it in their current work, which can lead to physical exhaustion and psychological distress.


Asunto(s)
Selección de Profesión , Movilidad Laboral , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Personal de Enfermería/psicología , Salud Laboral , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Motivación , Servicio de Enfermería en Hospital , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(276): 5656-5669, maio.2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1247528

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Descrever, a partir da literatura publicada no período entre 2015 e 2020, a satisfação e insatisfação da equipe de enfermagem no contexto de trabalho em unidades de urgência e emergência. Metodologia: Estudo do tipo Revisão Integrativa, realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO e BVS. A amostra inicial foi de 156 artigos encontrados nas bases de dados, destes apenas sete foram selecionados segundo os critérios estabelecidos. Para tratamento dos dados, utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Emergiram duas categorias temáticas: Fatores de satisfação no trabalho de enfermagem em urgência e emergência e Fatores de insatisfação no trabalho de enfermagem em urgência e emergência. Conclusão: A satisfação está relacionada a condições de trabalho; realização e reconhecimento profissional; remuneração e formação continuada. Já a insatisfação, está relacionada a falta de interação entre a equipe; falta de reconhecimento profissional, apoio e autonomia; e condições de trabalho inadequadas, como a sobrecarga.(AU)


Objective: To describe, from the literature published between 2015 and 2020, the satisfaction and dissatisfaction of the nursing team in the context of work in urgent and emergency units. Methodology: Integrative Review study, carried out in MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO and BVS databases. The initial sample was 156 articles found in the databases, of which only seven were selected according to the established criteria. Content analysis was used to process the data. Results: Two thematic categories emerged: Factors of satisfaction in nursing work in urgency and emergency and Factors of dissatisfaction in nursing work in urgency and emergency. Conclusion: Satisfaction is related to working conditions; professional achievement and recognition; remuneration and continuing training. Dissatisfaction, on the other hand, is related to the lack of interaction between the team; lack of professional recognition, support and autonomy; and inadequate working conditions, such as overload.(AU)


Objetivo: Describir, a partir de la literatura publicada entre 2015 y 2020, la satisfacción e insatisfacción del equipo de enfermería en el contexto del trabajo en unidades de urgencia y emergencia. Metodología: Estudio de revisión integrativa, realizado en bases de datos MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO y BVS. La muestra inicial fue de 156 artículos encontrados en las bases de datos, de los cuales sólo siete fueron seleccionados de acuerdo con los criterios establecidos. El análisis de contenido se utilizó para procesar los datos. Resultados: Surgieron dos categorías temáticas: Factores de satisfacción en el trabajo de enfermería en urgencia y emergencia y Factores de insatisfacción en el trabajo de enfermería en urgencia y emergencia. Conclusión: La satisfacción está relacionada con las condiciones de trabajo; logro profesional y reconocimiento; remuneración y formación continua. La insatisfacción, por otro lado, está relacionada con la falta de interacción entre el equipo; falta de reconocimiento profesional, apoyo y autonomía; y condiciones de trabajo inadecuadas, como la sobrecarga. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Condiciones de Trabajo , Enfermería de Urgencia , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Grupo de Enfermería , Carga de Trabajo , Urgencias Médicas/enfermería , Personal de Enfermería
18.
Appl Nurs Res ; 59: 151416, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947510

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Covid-19 has brought healthcare workers in general and nurses in particular into the limelight as never before. It is important to study the intensity of the impact of this pandemic on the profession. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the occupational satisfaction during the pandemic of Covid-19 among the nurses in Israel, to shed light on conditions of work and to identify factors associated with low occupational satisfaction. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 130 Israeli nurses. Minnesota Satisfaction and Measure of Job Satisfaction questionnaire with 28 items was used to assess occupational satisfaction. RESULTS: In the multivariable model, nurses working in the community had higher occupational satisfaction than those working in hospitals (ß = 0.24, p = .032); nurses who took care of patients who tested positive for Covid-19 had significantly lower occupational satisfaction than others (ß = -0.48, p = .009). Most of the sample reported lack of personal protective equipment (PPE). Nurses who experienced lack of PPE reported lower occupational satisfaction than those who did not (3.4 vs. 3.8, p = .039). Occupational satisfaction was mainly based on the component, built by the intrinsic characteristics of the occupation related to the personal accomplishment. Most of nurses had to increase their workload as a result of staff shortages, but the elevation of the workload was not associated with lower occupational satisfaction. CONCLUSION: Even under the circumstances of the pandemic, the most important nurses` occupational values are worthwhile accomplishments, importance of professional challenge, diversity and interest in the job, personal growth and development and independence in their practice.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , COVID-19/enfermería , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Satisfacción Personal , Reorganización del Personal/estadística & datos numéricos , Carga de Trabajo/psicología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Israel , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 441, 2021 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971860

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Infection control practitioners (ICPs) are a group of specialized nurses fundamental to effective healthcare infection prevention and control initiatives. Relative to other groups of nurses much less is known about their working conditions. Organizational factors may impact ICPs' levels of job dissatisfaction and emotional job burnout and, subsequently, their quality of practice. We measure a range of organizational factors to document the working conditions of ICPs and show how these are linked to job satisfaction and emotional burnout in a sample of Australian ICPs. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study using an online survey. All employed ICPs in 50 of the largest public hospitals in Australia were invited to participate. One hundred and fifty three ICPs completed the survey. RESULTS: ICPs are moderately to highly satisfied with their job but show high levels of emotional burnout, time pressure and cognitive demands. Low job satisfaction was associated with less job control, low perceived organizational support and poor communication. In contrast, emotional burnout was associated with high time pressure and cognitive demands coupled with poor communication. DISCUSSION: This study provides new evidence about the organizational context of ICPs in Australia, and about the factors that impact on job satisfaction and emotional burnout. These findings may be used to modify national infection prevention and control programs to suit local organizational contexts. Further research is needed to determine the precise nature of these relationships and the downstream impacts on hospital-wide infection control outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Organizational context and factors are important to consider when evaluating the impact and implementation of infection control programs.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Australia/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Psicológico , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Profesionales para Control de Infecciones , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
BMJ Open ; 11(5): e050380, 2021 05 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972345

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of physician burnout during the pandemic and differences by gender, ethnicity or sexual orientation. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey (August-October in 2020) of internal medicine physicians at two academic hospitals in Vancouver, Canada. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: Physician burnout and its components, emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and personal accomplishment were measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. RESULTS: The response rate was 38% (n=302/803 respondents, 49% women,). The prevalence of burnout was 68% (emotional exhaustion 63%, depersonalisation 39%) and feeling low personal accomplishment 22%. In addition, 21% reported that they were considering quitting the profession or had quit a position. Women were more likely to report emotional exhaustion (OR 2.00, 95% CI: 1.07 to 3.73, p=0.03) and feeling low personal accomplishment (OR 2.26, 95% CI: 1.09 to 4.70, p=0.03) than men. Visible ethnic minority physicians were more likely to report feeling lower personal accomplishment than white physicians (OR 1.81, 95% CI: 1.28 to 2.55, p=0.001). There was no difference in emotional exhaustion or depersonalisation by ethnicity or sexual orientation. Physicians who reported that COVID-19 affected their burnout were more likely to report any burnout (OR: 3.74, 95% CI: 1.99 to 7.01, p<0.001) and consideration of quitting or quit (OR: 3.20, 95% CI: 1.34 to 7.66, p=0.009). CONCLUSION: Burnout affects 2 out of 3 internal medicine physicians during the pandemic. Women, ethnic minority physicians and those who feel that COVID-19 affects burnout were more likely to report components of burnout. Further understanding of factors driving feelings of low personal accomplishment in women and ethnic minority physicians is needed.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Médicos , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Psicológico , Canadá/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Grupos Étnicos , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Grupos Minoritarios , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Conducta Sexual , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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