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1.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3273, 2020.
Artículo en Portugués, Español, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491122

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to verify the relationship between the socio-demographic and work profile of the nursing professionals and the patient safety climate in a public emergency hospital. METHOD: a cross-sectional study carried out with 177 nursing professionals from a public emergency hospital. For data collection, the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire - Short Form 2006 was used, validated and cross-culturally adapted to the Portuguese language. To check the factors related to the instrument's domains, bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: working in the medical and surgical clinic or emergency room, on a night shift, and having the intention to leave nursing, reduced the general safety climate in the multiple regression analysis. The younger professionals, with less than four years in the institution, and those who worked in the night shift had a lower safety climate related to the perception of the management. On the other hand, having a work contract with a hired worker improved the general safety climate and workplace satisfaction. CONCLUSION: identifying predictors on patient safety scores is an important management tool that allows diagnosing, planning and executing activities from the domains that need to be improved.


Asunto(s)
Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/normas , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Seguridad del Paciente/normas , Administración de la Seguridad/normas , Adulto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Estudios Transversales , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Seguridad del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Socioeconómicos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Factores de Tiempo , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología
2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503169

RESUMEN

China's manufacturing employees are confronted with unprecedent occupational and innovation challenges caused by the ongoing COVID-19 crisis coupled with the pressure of being replaced by digital technologies. To gain a better understanding of the rising occupational uncertainty during this critical time, based on the job demands-resources (JD-R) theory, we examined the associations of employees' job crafting behaviors (JCB) with their occupational satisfaction and innovation workplace behavior (IWB), as well as the mediating effect of work engagement on the above relationships. The final usable data were obtained from the formal survey of 311 employees of six manufacturing companies that have returned to work amid COVID-19. Structural equation modelling was adopted to analyze the data. Results show that employees' JCB strengthens their occupational satisfaction and IWB via work engagement. Theoretically, our research enriches the existing body of knowledge about JCB from a cross-disciplinary angle integrating the perspectives of career and psychology. Practically, we offer valuable first-hand evidence about how manufacturing employees conducted JCB to re-orient their careers and to innovate in the face of the high unemployment situation.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Industria Manufacturera/organización & administración , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Compromiso Laboral , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Adulto , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Pandemias
3.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(6): 314-321, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427662

RESUMEN

Nurses face workplace stressors that contribute to job dissatisfaction, burnout, and turnover, impacting not only patient safety but the nurses' physical and emotional well-being. At the 2018 American Academy of Nursing conference, a policy dialogue "Creating Healthy Work Environments to Address the Quadruple Aim" was convened focusing on creating healthy work environments by addressing stressors such as violence and bullying. That discussion is encapsulated in this article, providing proven and practical strategies for reducing risk.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/prevención & control , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Violencia Laboral/prevención & control , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Acoso Escolar/prevención & control , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Seguridad del Paciente , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Brain Behav Immun ; 87: 144-146, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387345

RESUMEN

This study reports the physical health, mental health, anxiety, depression, distress, and job satisfaction of healthcare staff in Iran when the country faced its highest number of total active COVID-19 cases. In a sample of 304 healthcare staff (doctors, nurses, radiologists, technicians, etc.), we found a sizable portion reached the cutoff levels of disorders in anxiety (28.0%), depression (30.6%), and distress (20.1%). Age, gender, education, access to PPE (personal protective equipment), healthcare institutions (public vs. private), and individual status of COVID-19 infection each predicted some but not all the outcome variables of SF-12, PHQ-4, K6, and job satisfaction. The healthcare workers varied greatly in their access to PPE and in their status of COVID-19 infection: negative (69.7%), unsure (28.0%), and positive (2.3%). The predictors were also different from those identified in previous studies of healthcare staff during the COVID-19 crisis in China. This study helps to identify the healthcare staff in need to enable more targeted help as healthcare staff in many countries are facing peaks in their COVID-19 cases.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidad , Femenino , Humanos , Irán , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Salud Mental/tendencias , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Equipo de Protección Personal/tendencias , Factores de Riesgo
5.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3260, 2020.
Artículo en Portugués, Español, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401906

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the correlation between the practice of Coaching Leadership performed by nursing coordinators and job satisfaction, in the self-perception of coordinators and the perception of nursing technicians of the Mobile Emergency Care Service. METHOD: a descriptive, correlational study that used the Questionnaire on Self-Perception of the Nurse in the Exercise of Leadership to measure the self-perception of leadership of the eleven nursing coordinators and the Questionnaire on Nursing Technician Perception in the Exercise of Leadership to verify the perception of 155 nurse technicians. The Job Satisfaction Questionnaire assessed job satisfaction in both categories. Correlations among instrument domains were determined using the Spearman test (p<0.05) and the association was analyzed. RESULTS: the Coaching Leadership exercise correlated with job satisfaction (p-value=0.001), both in the self-perception of nursing coordinators, with high correlation (Spearman coefficient - (0.835), and in the perception of nursing technicians, with moderate association (Spearman coefficient - 0.678). CONCLUSION: coaching Leadership showed a positive correlation with job satisfaction, marked by mutual trust, continuous interaction between nurse and nursing technicians, and the pursuit of professional and personal development.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Médicos de Urgencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Liderazgo , Adulto , Correlación de Datos , Femenino , Humanos , Enfermeros no Diplomados/psicología , Enfermeros no Diplomados/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermeras Administradoras/psicología , Enfermeras Administradoras/estadística & datos numéricos , Percepción , Autoimagen , Estadísticas no Paramétricas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
7.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 6-16, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094574

RESUMEN

Resumen Introducción: Si bien se ha constatado la influencia negativa del síndrome de quemarse en el trabajo o Síndrome de Burnout (SB) en el desempeño laboral, aun los datos son elusivos respecto de su relación específica con la Satisfacción Laboral (SL) y Calidad de Vida Profesional (CVP) en el contexto de las profesiones asociadas a la salud pública. Objetivo: Analizar la asociación entre SB, SL y CVP, y algunas variables sociolaborales de 169 profesionales de la salud pública chilena. Materiales y métodos: Estrategia asociativa comparativa-transversal, aplicando el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach (MBI), la Escala de Satisfacción Laboral (S20/23), y el Cuestionario de Vida Profesional (CVP-35). Resultados: Un 10% de los trabajadores percibió altos niveles de SB, y una SL y CVP satisfactorias; un 88,8% medio/moderado. La edad cronológica, Motivación Intrínseca, Apoyo Directivo, estado civil y años de servicio explicaron el 33,5% de la variabilidad del Cansancio Emocional; y se plantean buenos predictores del SB. Conclusiones: Los datos reflejan una prevalencia media/moderada de SB, que puede ser entendida a la luz de la influencia insidiosa del síndrome. La edad cronológica y el estado civil se plantean como factores protectores. Se discuten los resultados en el contexto de la literatura existente.


Abstract Introduction: The negative influence of the burnout syndrome (BS) on work performance has been demonstrated. However, data are still elusive regarding its specific relationship with Job Satisfaction (JS) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) in professions associated with public health. Objective: To analyze the association between BS, JS and ProQOL, and some socio-labor variables of 169 Chilean public health professionals. Materials and methods: A comparative cross-sectional associative study that applied the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Labor Satisfaction Scale (S20/23), and the Professional Life Questionnaire (PLQ-35). Results: 10% of participants perceived high BS levels and satisfactory HS and ProQOL, while 88.8% of health professionals acknowledged medium/moderate levels. 33.5% of the variability in Emotional Fatigue could be explained by chronological age, Intrinsic Motivation, Management Support, marital status and years of service. Good BS predictors are suggested. Conclusions: The data reflect a medium/moderate prevalence of BS, which can be understood in light of the insidious influence of this syndrome. Chronological age and marital status are suggested as protective factors. The results are discussed in the context of current literature.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Estrés Laboral , Agotamiento Psicológico , Calidad de Vida , Personal de Salud , Satisfacción en el Trabajo
8.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(5): 287-292, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317570

RESUMEN

Multisite study participation provides an opportunity for hospitals to gain access to the resources required to facilitate nursing research. The nurse-led Parent Educational Discharge Support Strategies for children newly diagnosed with cancer (PEDSS) multisite study engaged direct care nurses for successful implementation across 16 Magnet-designated hospitals. This article addresses strategies to overcome barriers to nursing research demonstrated through the PEDSS experience.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Investigación en Enfermería , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital , Padres/educación , Alta del Paciente , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo
9.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3256, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321043

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to investigate how the perioperative work environment affects work dissatisfaction, professional exhaustion and the perception of the quality of care about the intention of abandoning the work of perioperative nurses. METHOD: cross-sectional study with 130 nurses working in the surgical area of a high-tech Spanish public university hospital. The scale of the nursing practice environment, Maslach's exhaustion inventory, the questions about job satisfaction, the perception of the care quality and intention to abandon work to collect data were used. Descriptive, inferential and logistic regression statistics were made. RESULTS: in general, 20% of perioperative nurses would want to quit their work. The dimension of the work environment of staff and resources, dissatisfaction and emotional exhaustion in nurses were factors that indicated the intention of perioperative nurses to abandon work. CONCLUSION: the implementation of strategies for the retention of perioperative nurses should be considered, improving the factors that indicate how the work environment, especially the allocation of personnel and resources, dissatisfaction and emotional exhaustion. Creating positive work environments based on magnetic values can be a key strategy.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Reorganización del Personal , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Intención , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , España , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0230204, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315309

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence and factors that contribute to burnout among Thai psychiatrists. BACKGROUND: The practice of psychiatry can lead to emotional fatigue. As rates of emotional illness in Thailand continue to climb, increasing demands are placed on a limited number of psychiatrists. This can lead to burnout, and multiple negative physical and mental health outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic questionnaires were sent to all 882 Thai psychiatrists and residents via a private social media group managed by the Psychiatric Association of Thailand. The questionnaire included demographic data, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Proactive Coping Inventory, and questions about strategies that Thai psychiatrists believed reduce/prevent burnout. RESULTS: Questionnaires were sent and 227 (25.7%) responded. According to MBI, 112 (49.3%) of respondents reported high level of emotional exhaustion, and 60 (26.4%) had a high level of depersonalization. Nearly all respondents (99.6%) maintained a high level of personal accomplishment. Working more than 50 hours per week (p = 0.003) and more patients per day (p = 0.20) were associated with higher levels of burnout. Feeling satisfied with work (p<0.001) and having a good support system from family (p = 0.027) and colleagues (p = 0.033) were associated with lower levels of burnout. The coping mechanisms related to lower levels of burnout included more emotional support seeking (p = 0.005), more proactive coping (p = 0.047), and less avoidance (p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to a previous study on burnout among Thai psychiatrists in 2011, in this study, the prevalence of high levels of burnout had increased dramatically from 17.1% to 49.3%. An intervention to decrease workload, strengthen social support and encourage proactive coping mechanisms may be beneficial for relieving burnout.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Psiquiatría , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/terapia , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Satisfacción Personal , Prevalencia , Tailandia
11.
J Dent Educ ; 84(4): 409-417, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314387

RESUMEN

The need for more dental hygiene educators has led to the increased practice of hiring part-time faculty members; however, there is little literature on their job satisfaction or intent to stay in education. The aim of this study was to explore demographic and job satisfaction variables that may predict part-time dental hygiene faculty members' intent to stay in education within the framework of Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory. A cross-sectional, correlational survey was conducted with a national convenience sample of part-time dental hygiene faculty members (n = 177). The survey was a combination of two validated survey instruments (modified Nurse Educators' Intent to Stay in Academe Scale and modified Adjunct Faculty Survey). The completion rate was 87%. Overall, the study found a significantly positive correlation between job satisfaction and intent to stay (ρ[177] = 0.48; p<0.001). Other significant findings were that both average annual salary (p = 0.005) and being approached as an undergraduate (p = 0.004) had an effect on intent to stay. Personal growth (p<0.001), the job satisfaction subscale (p<0.001), and work preference (p = 0.03) had the most predictive influence on intent to stay. Job satisfaction was a strong predictor of intent to stay, which is consistent with Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory. Addressing the needs of part-time dental hygiene faculty members by increasing job satisfaction variables may aid in the recruitment and retention of these educators.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Higiene Bucal , Estudios Transversales , Docentes de Odontología , Humanos , Higiene
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(17): e19951, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332677

RESUMEN

In recent years, nursing has come to be considered a high-risk and high-pressure profession, given the fast-paced working environment and constant need to handle emergencies, especially for nurses working in hemodialysis centers. Nearly every day, nurses are confronted with life and death situations and are required to provide skilled, high quality care for their patients, in fast-paced and demanding environments. Thus, nurses are susceptible to both psychological stress and other mental health problems, making them more vulnerable to burnout when compared against other healthcare professions.An anonymous online questionnaire was completed by a group of participating nurses, using the web-based survey platform WeChat. Registered nurses working in hemodialysis centers were randomly selected from 5 comprehensive tertiary level hospitals in Sichuan Province, China. The data collection instrument comprised two parts: demographic data and a nurse burnout questionnaire-the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Overall, 70 nurses were invited to participate, with 65 returning completed questionnaires, giving a response rate of 92.9%. In this survey, the burnout level was set at28.15 ±â€Š12.39 for emotional exhaustion (EE), 10.23 ±â€Š5.47 for depersonalization (DP), and 37.19 ±â€Š8.31 for personal accomplishment (PA)-EE and DP levels are found to be high at the level of burnout.Job burnout was found to exist widely among the nurses of hemodialysis centers, which may then result in adverse effects on their physical and mental health. Active interventions can significantly reduce job burnout and also help maintain the stability of nursing workforce levels.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Agotamiento Profesional/clasificación , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Diálisis Renal/psicología , Adulto , Instituciones de Atención Ambulatoria/organización & administración , Instituciones de Atención Ambulatoria/estadística & datos numéricos , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , China , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Diálisis Renal/efectos adversos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Lugar de Trabajo/normas
17.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229954, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155192

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Professional wellness is critical to developing and maintaining a health care workforce. Previous work has identified burnout as a significant challenge to professional wellness facing emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in many countries worldwide. Our study fills a critical gap by assessing the prevalence of burnout among emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in India. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of EMTs within the largest prehospital care organization in India. We used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to measure wellness. All EMTs presenting for continuing medical education between July-November 2017 from the states of Gujarat, Karnataka, and Telangana were eligible. Trained, independent staff administered anonymous MBI-Medical Personnel Surveys in local languages. RESULTS: Of the 327 EMTs eligible, 314 (96%) consented to participate, and 296 (94%) surveys were scorable. The prevalence of burnout was 28.7%. Compared to EMTs in other countries, Indian EMTs had higher levels of personal accomplishment but also higher levels of emotional exhaustion and moderate levels of depersonalization. In multivariate regression, determinants of burnout included younger age, perceived lack of respect from colleagues and administrators, and a sense of physical risk. EMTs who experienced burnout were four times as likely to plan to quit their jobs within one year. CONCLUSION: This is the first assessment of burnout in EMTs in India and adds to the limited body of literature among low- and middle-income country (LMIC) prehospital providers worldwide. Burnout was strongly associated with an EMT's intention to quit within a year, with potential implications for employee turnover and healthcare workforce shortages. Burnout should be a key focus of further study and possible intervention to achieve internationally recognized targets, including Sustainable Development Goal 3C and WHO's 2030 Milestone for Human Resources.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Auxiliares de Urgencia/psicología , Tratamiento de Urgencia/psicología , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Auxiliares de Urgencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Emociones , Femenino , Fuerza Laboral en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , India/epidemiología , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Reorganización del Personal/estadística & datos numéricos , Prevalencia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/estadística & datos numéricos
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19249, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080130

RESUMEN

To study the prevalence of burnout and job satisfaction in Chinese pediatrics residents.Prospective participants were invited via a WeChat group to participate from October 1, 2018 to January 31, 2019. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used to measure physician burnout, and the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire was used to measure job satisfaction.A total of 380 residents (81.1% response rate) from 35 pediatric residency programs completed the cross-sectional web-based survey. Of the responders, 233 (61.3%) exhibited high levels of career burnout. Residents 24 to 29 years of age were less likely to report burnout than residents ≥30 years of age (50.9% vs74.7%; P < .05). In addition, residents with an annual income less than 80,000 RMB seem to have higher burnout levels (66.2%). Residents who reported that they felt sleep deprived had significantly higher rates of burnout than those who did not (P < .01). Logistic regression showed that age ≥30 years (odds ratio [OR] 3.74 [1.57-7.66], P < .01) and sleep deprivation (OR 4.11 [2.19-7.35], P < .01) were the 2 independent risk factors associated with burnout.Burnout is highly prevalent among Chinese pediatrics residents who also reported poor job satisfaction.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Internado y Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Pediatría/educación , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Internet , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Sueño
19.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062891

RESUMEN

Objective: To detect the prevalence of sleep disorders among metro staff and to analyze influencing effects of effort reward imbalance (ERI) on it. Methods: In January 2015, subway driver, dispatcher and station operator from Guangzhou subway were selected as the research object in the whole group sampling method. A total of 1200 questionnaires were distributed and 1124 were valid questionnaires, and the effective questionnaire recovery rate was 93.7%. Based on the effort reward imbalance questionnaire and the self-administered sleep questionnaire, the data of the general demographic characteristics, life satisfaction, occupational stress and sleep status of the respondents were collected. Epi.data3.1 and spss19.0 were used for analyzing. Results: A total of 1124 subway employees were surveyed, with an average age of (28±5) years; the working age was (4.5±3.6) years. ERI occupied 24.7% (278/1124) of the study population and sleep disorders as 42.2% (474/1124) . Single factor analysis showed that marital status, educational level, work position, life satisfaction and ERI could significantly influence sleep disorders of metro staff (P<0.05) . Logistic regression showed that higher effort (adjusted OR=2.56, 95%CI: 1.79-3.68) , lower reward (adjusted OR=1.90, 95%CI: 1.34-2.68) and ERI (adjusted OR=2.33, 95%CI: 1.69-3.22) could increase the risk of sleep disorders after the confounding factors were controlled. ERI (adjusted OR=2.89, 95% CI: 1.80-4.64) , and over commitment (adjusted OR=4.64, 95%CI: 2.81-7.68) could influence the risk of sleep disorders independently when over commitment was evaluated as a moderating variable. Conclusion: Occupational stress as ERI could influence the risk of sleep disorders among metro staff. The situation should not be neglected for occupational health of metro staff.


Asunto(s)
Salud Laboral , Estrés Laboral , Recompensa , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/epidemiología , Adulto , China , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
20.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(681): 322-323, 2020 Feb 12.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049455

RESUMEN

Medicine is changing, and so are the causes of dissatisfaction among physicians. In a broader context characterized by the dominance of an economic rationality, in which medicine is shaped by the phenomenon of acceleration typical of modernity, we argue, in this brief article, that clinical practice is based on an engagement involving a form of suspension of the flow of time. Engagement is thereby an essential dimension of medicine, and is proposed as a lasting foundation of clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Medicina/tendencias , Médicos/psicología , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo
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