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1.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 58(1): [100822], Ene-Mar, 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-229690

RESUMEN

El síndrome del túnel del carpo (STC) es la mononeuropatía por atrapamiento más frecuente; el diagnóstico se establece mediante pruebas electrodiagnósticas con un número sustancial de falsos positivos/negativos. Presentamos la siguiente revisión sistemática, cuyo objetivo es analizar la literatura más reciente en relación con los parámetros ecográficos descritos para estudiar el STC. Seleccionamos estudios que evaluasen parámetros ecográficos en pacientes con sospecha clínica, siguiendo las recomendaciones del manual Cochrane; incluimos revisiones sistemáticas, metaanálisis, estudios caso-control y de pruebas diagnósticas, valorando estudios retrospectivos y revisiones bibliográficas con buena calidad metodológica. La revisión se hizo de artículos publicados entre 2005-2019. Incluimos 8 artículos (2 revisiones sistemáticas/metaanálisis, 2 estudios caso-control, un estudio de pruebas diagnósticas, 2 revisiones literarias y un estudio retrospectivo). Los parámetros analizados fueron el área de sección transversa del nervio mediano, el índice muñeca-antebrazo, el índice entrada-salida, el rango de adelgazamiento del nervio mediano, el abombamiento del retináculo flexor y la vascularización/movilidad. La evidencia actual permite afirmar que la ecografía tiene utilidad en el cribado del STC.(AU)


Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment mononeuropathy; the diagnosis is established by electrodiagnostic tests with until 34% of false positives/negatives. We present the following systematic review which objective is to analyze the most recent literature related to the ultrasound parameters described to study CTS. We selected studies that evaluated ultrasound parameters in patients with clinical suspicion following the Cochrane manual's recommendations. We include systematic reviews, meta-analyses, case–control studies and diagnostic tests, evaluating retrospective studies and bibliographic reviews with proper methodological quality. Articles published between 2005 and 2019. We included eight articles (two systematic reviews/meta-analyses, two case–control studies, one diagnostic test study, two literature reviews, and one retrospective). The parameters analyzed were cross-sectional area, wrist–forearm index, entry–exit index, thinning range, palmar bowing of the flexor retinaculum, and vascularity/mobility. Current evidence allows us to affirm that ultrasound is useful in screening for CTS.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Síndrome del Túnel Carpiano/rehabilitación , Mononeuropatías/diagnóstico por imagen , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Nervio Mediano/diagnóstico por imagen , Ultrasonografía , Electrodiagnóstico
2.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 51(1): [100910], Ene-Mar, 2024. graf, ilus, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-229777

RESUMEN

Objective: The objectives were to estimate the performance of the IOTA-ADNEX model test after its incorporation into the ultrasound tests of our third-grade hospital gynecology service, as well as to assess whether its capacity of accuracy is modified when taking into account the patient's menopausal status. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to clinically evaluate the diagnostic performance of the IOTA-ADNEX model test, which was performed between January 2016 and December 2021. The study included 573 women with an adnexal injury who underwent surgical excision within 180 days after ultrasound diagnosis and histological confirmation (gold standard). After the ultrasound exam, the injuries were classified using the ADNEX model. The study estimated the area under the receiver-operating-characteristics curve (AUC) of the ADNEX model for classifying between benign and malignant adnexal masses and compared the performance by menopausal state. Sensitivity and specificity were determined for different cut-off points. Results: Out of the 573 women, 183 (31.9%) had a malignant tumor. The AUC of the ADNEX model for differentiating between benign and malignant adnexal masses at the time of ultrasound examination was 0.92 and the best malignancy threshold, detected by Youden index, was 22.5%. At this cut-off, the sensitivity of the ADNEX model was 91.8% and the specificity was 76.4%. However, it varies according to menopausal status: in the group of pre-menopausal patient, sensitivity was 86.1% (95% CI, 85.4%–86.8%) and specificity was 81.3% (95% CI, 85.4%–86.8%). In the postmenopausal group, sensitivity was 96.1% (95% CI, 95.6%–96.7%) and specificity was 68.5% (95% CI, 68.1%–68.8%)...(AU)


Objetivo: Los objetivos eran estimar el rendimiento del test IOTA ADNEX model después de su incorporación en el estudio ecográfico en nuestro servicio de ginecología, en un hospital de tercer nivel, así como evaluar si su capacidad de precisión se modifica al tener en cuenta el estado menopáusico de la paciente. Método: Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal para evaluar clínicamente el rendimiento diagnóstico del test IOTA ADNEX model, el cual se realizó entre enero de 2016 y diciembre de 2021. El estudio incluyó a 573 mujeres con una lesión anexial que se sometieron a tratamiento quirúrgico en un plazo de 180 días después del diagnóstico por ecografía y confirmación histológica (gold standard). Después de realizar la ecografía, las lesiones fueron clasificadas utilizando el modelo ADNEX. El estudio estimó el área bajo la curva (AUC) del modelo ADNEX para diferenciar entre masas anexiales benignas y malignas, y se comparó el rendimiento según el estado menopáusico. Se determinó la sensibilidad y la especificidad para diferentes puntos de corte. Resultados: De las 573 mujeres, 183 (31,9%) tenían un tumor maligno. El AUC del modelo ADNEX para diferenciar entre masas anexiales benignas y malignas en el momento del examen ecográfico fue de 0,92 y el umbral de malignidad óptimo, detectado por el índice de Youden, fue del 22,5%. Con este punto de corte, la sensibilidad (SE) del modelo ADNEX fue del 91,8% y la especificidad (SP) fue del 76,4%. Sin embargo, esto varía según el estado menopáusico: en el grupo de pacientes premenopáusicas, la sensibilidad fue del 86,1% (IC del 95%: 85,4-86,8%) y la especificidad fue del 813% (IC del 95%: 85,4-86,8%). En el grupo de pacientes posmenopáusicas, la sensibilidad fue del 96,1% (IC del 95%: 95,6-96,7%) y la especificidad fue del 68,5% (IC del 95%: 68,1-68,8%)...(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Diagnóstico por Imagen , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Menopausia , Neoplasias Ováricas/tratamiento farmacológico , Área Bajo la Curva , Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia en Hospital , Ginecología , Estudios Transversales
3.
Rev. esp. med. nucl. imagen mol. (Ed. impr.) ; 43(1): 14-22, ene.- fev. 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-229450

RESUMEN

Objetivo Analizar la distribución corporal de la enfermedad Erdheim-Chester (ECD) y determinar la utilidad de la 2-[18F]FDG-PET/TC frente a otras técnicas de imagen. Asimismo, evaluar la agresividad y la extensión de la enfermedad según la presencia/ausencia de mutación BRAFV600E. Material y métodos Se revisaron las 2-[18F]FDG-PET/TC de todos los pacientes diagnosticados con ECD entre 2008 y 2021: en total, 19 pacientes. Los territorios afectados se clasificaron como detectables por PET/TC o detectables solamente por otras técnicas de imagen (gammagrafía ósea, TC con contraste yodado o RM). Se realizó análisis descriptivo y correlación de la mutación BRAF con los órganos afectados y SUVmáx mediante la prueba t de Student. Resultados De los 19 pacientes (14 hombres; edad media 60,3años), 11 presentaban la mutación BRAFV600E. Se detectaron un total de 127 territorios (64 órgano-sistemas) afectados utilizando las diferentes modalidades de imagen, de los cuales 112 fueron detectados por la PET/TC y 15 territorios adicionales fueron identificados únicamente por la RM cerebral y cardiaca. La presencia de mutación BRAFV600E se asoció con mayor afectación orgánica (p<0,05), sin diferencias en el SUVmáx (p>0,05). Conclusión La 2-[18F]FDG-PET/TC es una prueba de alto rendimiento diagnóstico en pacientes con ECD, detectando la mayoría de los territorios afectados. La RM fue la única prueba de imagen con hallazgos adicionales en territorios con alta captación fisiológica de 2-[18F]FDG (cerebral y cardíaca). La presencia de mutación del BRAFV600E se correlacionó con mayor extensión de la enfermedad (AU)


Objective To analyze the body distribution of Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) and determine the utility of 2-[18F]FDG PET/CT compared to other imaging techniques. Additionally, to assess the aggressiveness and extent of the disease based on the presence/absence of the BRAFV600E mutation. Materials and methods The 2-[18F]FDG PET/CT scans of all patients diagnosed with ECD between 2008 and 2021 were reviewed, including 19 patients. The affected territories were classified as detectable by PET/CT or detectable only by other imaging techniques (bone scintigraphy, contrast-enhanced CT, or MRI). Descriptive analysis and correlation of the BRAF mutation with the affected organs and maximum SUV were performed using the Student's t-test. Results Out of the 19 patients (14 males; mean age 60.3years), 11 had the BRAFV600E mutation. A total of 127 territories (64 organ-systems) affected were identified using different imaging modalities, of which 112 were detected by PET/CT, and an additional 15 territories were solely identified by cerebral and cardiac MRI. The presence of BRAFV600E mutation was associated with greater organ involvement (P<.05) without differences in SUVmax (P>.05). Conclusion 2-[18F]FDG PET/CT is a highly effective diagnostic tool in patients with ECD, detecting the majority of affected territories. MRI was the only imaging modality with additional findings in territories showing high physiological uptake of 2-[18F]FDG (cerebral and cardiac). The presence of the BRAFV600E mutation correlated with a higher extent of the disease (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermedad de Erdheim-Chester/diagnóstico por imagen , Tomografía Computarizada por Tomografía de Emisión de Positrones , Fluorodesoxiglucosa F18 , Radiofármacos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
4.
Radiología (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 66(1): 13-22, Ene-Feb, 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-229642

RESUMEN

Antecedentes y objetivo: Determinar las características operativas de la ecografía de glándula salival (EGS) en el diagnóstico del síndrome de Sjögren (SS) en una población de pacientes colombianos con síntomas secos. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de pruebas diagnósticas en pacientes con síntomas secos que asistieron a la consulta de reumatología (2018-2020). Se obtuvieron datos sociodemográficos y clínicos a través de una encuesta, pruebas paraclínicas, oftalmológicas, biopsia de glándula salival menor, flujo salival no estimulado y EGS (puntuación 0-6 basada en De Vita). Se calcularon la sensibilidad, la especificidad y los valores predictivos positivo (VPP) y negativo (VPN) (Stata 15®). Se desarrolló la curva de características operativas del receptor (COR). Resultados: Se incluyó a 102 pacientes (34 con SS y 68 sin SS), edad media ± desviación estándar de 55,69 ± 11,93 años, 94% mujeres. La ecografía positiva (puntuación de 2 o más) fue más frecuente en el grupo de SS, (70,6% vs. 22,1%, p < 0,0001). La sensibilidad fue igual para el grado 2 y 3 (70,59%), con una especificidad mayor (89,71%) para el grado 3 (VPP 77,42% VPN 85,92). La curva COR a partir de la sumatoria de las glándulas por medio de ecografía, fue mejor que las de las glándulas independientes. La curva COR de la ecografía presentó una mayor área bajo la curva (0,72 [0,61-0,82]) que la del análisis histológico (puntuación por focos) (0,68 [0,59-0,78]), p = 0,0252. Conclusión: La EGS es un método útil y confiable para la clasificación del SS. Se podría plantear su uso futuro dentro de los criterios clasificatorios del SS.(AU)


Background and objective: To determine the operational characteristics of salivary gland ultrasound (SGU) in the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in a population of colombian patients with dry symptoms. Materials and methods: Study of diagnostic tests in patients with dry symptoms who consecutively attended the rheumatology consultation (2018-2020). Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained through a survey, paraclinical and ophthalmological tests, minor salivary gland biopsy, unstimulated salivary flow and SGU (score 0-6 based on De Vita) were done. Sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values (Stata 15®) were calculated. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was developed. Results: 102 patients were included (34 SS and 68 non-SS), mean age 55.69 (± 11.93) years, 94% women. Positive ultrasound (score of 2 or more) was more frequent in the SS group, (70.6% vs. 22.1%, P<.0001). The sensitivity was the same for grade 2 and 3 (70.59%), with a higher specificity (89.71%) for grade 3 (PPV 77.42% NPV 85.92). The ROC curve from the sum of the glands by means of ultrasound was better than those of the independent glands. The ROC curve of the ultrasound presented a greater area under the curve (0.72 [0.61-0.82]) than that of the histological analysis (focus score) (0.68 [0.59-0.78]), P=.0252. Conclusion: Salivary gland ultrasound is a useful and reliable method for the classification of SS. Its use could be considered in the future within the SS classification criteria.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Técnicas y Procedimientos Diagnósticos , Síndrome de Sjögren/diagnóstico por imagen , Glándulas Salivales/diagnóstico por imagen , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Radiología/métodos , Diagnóstico por Imagen , Colombia , Ultrasonografía/métodos , Estudios Prospectivos
5.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 47(2): 170-178, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-ADZ-143

RESUMEN

Background and study aims The single-operator cholangiopancreatoscopy (SOCP) with the SpyGlass™ system is a endoscopy technique whose use has grown exponentially in recent years. The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SOCP with SpyGlass™ and determine the factors related to the onset of adverse events (AEs). Patients and methods Retrospective study at a single tertiary institution with inclusion of all consecutive patients undergoing SOCP with SpyGlass™ from February-2009 to December-2021. No exclusion criteria were considered. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed. The factors associated with the existence of AE were analyzed using Chi-square and Student's t-test. Results A total of 95 cases were included. The most common indications were biliary strictures (BS) evaluation (66.3%) or treatment of difficult common bile duct stones (27.4%). Technical and clinical success was attained in 98.9%. Single-session stone clearance was obtained in 84%. The AE rate was 7.4%. To detect malignancy in BS, optical diagnosis presents a sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 91.2%, respectively; while histology results were 36.4% and 100% respectively. A previous endoscopic sphincterotomy was associated with a lower rate of AEs (2.4% vs 41.7%; p < 0.001). Conclusions SOCP with SpyGlass™ is a safe and effective technique to diagnose and treat pancreatobiliary pathology. The presence of sphincterotomy performed prior to the procedure could improve the technique's safety (AU)


Antecedentes y objetivos del estudio La colangiopancreatoscopia de un solo operador (SOCP) con el sistema SpyGlass® es una técnica endoscópica cuyo uso ha crecido exponencialmente durante los últimos años. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron evaluar la eficacia y seguridad de la SOPC con SpyGlass® y determinar los factores relacionados con la aparición de eventos adversos (EA). Pacientes y métodos Estudio retrospectivo realizado en un único centro terciario, con inclusión consecutiva de todos los pacientes sometidos a SOCP con SpyGlass® desde febrero de 2009 hasta diciembre de 2021. No hubo criterios de exclusión. Se realizó un análisis estadístico descriptivo. Los factores asociados a la aparición de EA se analizaron mediante χ2 y la prueba t de Student. Resultados Se incluyeron un total de 95 casos. Las indicaciones más frecuentes fueron la evaluación de estenosis biliares (EB) (66,3%) o el tratamiento de coledocolitiasis difícil (27,4%). El éxito técnico y clínico se logró en 98,9%. La extracción de todas las litiasis en una sola sesión se obtuvo en 84%. La tasa de EA fue de 7,4%. Para la detección de malignidad en EB, el diagnóstico óptico presenta una sensibilidad y especificidad de 100% y 91,2%, respectivamente; mientras que los resultados de la histología fueron 36,4 y 100%, respectivamente. La esfinterotomía endoscópica previa se asocia con una menor tasa de EA (2,4 vs. 41,7%; p < 0,001). Conclusiones La SOCP con SpyGlass® es una técnica segura y eficaz para diagnosticar y tratar la patología biliopancreática. La presencia de esfinterotomía previa al procedimiento podría mejorar la seguridad de la técnica (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/métodos , Colestasis/diagnóstico , Cálculos Biliares/diagnóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(7): e36941, 2024 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363946

RESUMEN

Single-center prospective cohort diagnostic accuracy study. Our study aimed to evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of Thoracic Ultrasound (TUS) in detecting pulmonary pathology in immunosuppressed patients. We conducted a single-center prospective study. Consecutive patients with febrile neutropenia who underwent CT (Computerized Tomography) underwent TUS evaluation within 24h of CT. Both studies were performed by an expert who was blinded to the clinical information and results of the alternative imaging modalities. 34 patients met the inclusion criteria. The median age was 39.9 years (±17 standard deviation). TUS as a diagnostic test had a sensitivity of 92.9% and specificity of 83.3%, negative predictive value of 71.4%, and positive predictive value of 96.3%. Substantial between-method agreement was demonstrated with a kappa of 0.71 (P = .001) between the TUS and chest CT findings. We obtained a kappa of 1 (P = .001) for the final diagnosis of Pleural Effusion (PE). We concluded that TUS is a promising screening test for immunocompromised individuals. The results showed good diagnostic performance of TUS compared to CT for the detection of pulmonary findings highly suggestive of pathology with high accuracy and reproducibility.


Asunto(s)
Neutropenia Febril , Sistemas de Atención de Punto , Humanos , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Prospectivos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Ultrasonografía/métodos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
7.
Radiologia (Engl Ed) ; 66(1): 13-22, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365350

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the operational characteristics of salivary gland ultrasound (SGU) in the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in a population of colombian patients with dry symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study of diagnostic tests in patients with dry symptoms who consecutively attended the rheumatology consultation (2018-2020). Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained through a survey, paraclinical and ophthalmological tests, minor salivary gland biopsy, unstimulated salivary flow and SGU (score 0-6 based on De Vita) were done. Sensitivity, specificity, positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values (Stata 15®) were calculated. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was developed. RESULTS: 102 patients were included (34 SS and 68 non-SS), mean age 55.69 (±11.93) years, 94% women. Positive ultrasound (score of 2 or more) was more frequent in the SS group, (70.6% vs. 22.1%, P<0.0001). The sensitivity was the same for grade 2 and 3 (70.59%), with a higher specificity (89.71%) for grade 3 (PPV 77.42% NPV 85.92). The ROC curve from the sum of the glands by means of ultrasound was better than those of the independent glands. The ROC curve of the ultrasound presented a greater area under the curve (0.72 [0.61-0.82]) than that of the histological analysis (focus score) (0.68 [0.59-0.78]), P=0.0252. CONCLUSION: Salivary gland ultrasound is a useful and reliable method for the classification of SS. Its use could be considered in the future within the SS classification criteria.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Sjögren , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Síndrome de Sjögren/diagnóstico por imagen , Síndrome de Sjögren/patología , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Glándulas Salivales/diagnóstico por imagen , Glándulas Salivales/patología , Ultrasonografía , Curva ROC
8.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 224, 2024 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365653

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Breast ultrasound is highly sensitive, but its specificity is not as high for detecting malignant lesions. Auxiliary modalities like elastography, Color and Power Doppler ultrasound are used as adjuncts to yield both a high sensitivity and specificity. Superb microvascular imaging (SMI) is a newer modality with more accuracy for detecting breast lesions. In this study, our goal was to investigate the role of SMI as an adjunct to ultrasound and find a suitable combination model for the evaluation of breast masses. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 132 women with 172 breast masses who underwent ultrasound-guided biopsy were included.. The ultrasound features of the lesion, the strain ratio in strain elastography, the number of vessels for each lesion, their morphology and distribution in Doppler and Power Doppler ultrasound and SMI were recorded for each lesion. A vascular score and a vascular ratio were defined. RESULTS: In the histologic examination, 31 lesions (18%) were malignant and 141 lesions (82%) were benign. The vascular score was more accurate than the vascular ratio in all three modalities. The predictive ability of strain ratio was higher than Doppler and Power Doppler ultrasound and SMI. Adding SMI alone to ultrasound increased the specificity from 46.10% to 61.2% and the accuracy from 55.80% to 70.11%. In the combination of ultrasound with other modalities, the best was the combination of ultrasound, strain elastography, and SMI; which yielded a specificity and sensitivity of 100% and 74.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Adding SMI and STE modalities as adjuncts to ultrasound lowers the chance of missing malignant lesions and reduces unnecessary biopsies of breast lesions. A study with a larger sample size using this combination model to evaluate the accuracy with greater precision is recommended.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Diagnóstico por Imagen de Elasticidad , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Ultrasonografía/métodos , Ultrasonografía Doppler , Diagnóstico por Imagen de Elasticidad/métodos , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagen , Biopsia Guiada por Imagen , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Neoplasias de la Mama/diagnóstico por imagen
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3897, 2024 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365880

RESUMEN

A single and rapid method to obtain an antigenic fraction of excretory-secretory antigens (ESAs) from Fasciola hepatica suitable for serodiagnosis of fascioliasis is reported. The procedure consists in the negative selection of F. hepatica ESAs by hydroxyapatite (HA) chromatography (HAC; fraction HAC-NR) followed by antigen precipitation with 50% ammonium sulphate (AS) and subsequent recovery by means of a Millex-GV or equivalent filter (Fi-SOLE fraction). Tested in indirect ELISA, the Fi-SOLE antigens detected natural infections by F. hepatica with 100% sensitivity and 98.9% specificity in sheep, and 97.7% sensitivity and 97.7% specificity in cattle, as determined by ROC analysis. The SDS-PAGE and proteomic nano-UHPLC-Tims-QTOF MS/MS analysis of fractions showed that the relative abundance of L-cathepsins and fragments thereof was 57% in fraction HAC-NR and 93.8% in fraction Fi-SOLE. The second most abundant proteins in fraction HAC-NR were fatty-acid binding proteins (11.9%). In contrast, free heme, and heme:MF6p/FhHDM-1 complexes remained strongly bond to the HA particles during HAC. Interestingly, phosphorylcholine (PC)-bearing antigens, which are a frequent source of cross-reactivity, were detected with an anti-PC mAb (BH8) in ESAs and fraction HAC-NR but were almost absent in fraction Fi-SOLE.


Asunto(s)
Fasciola hepatica , Fascioliasis , Enfermedades de las Ovejas , Animales , Ovinos , Bovinos , Antígenos Helmínticos , Proteómica , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Anticuerpos Antihelmínticos , Fascioliasis/diagnóstico , Fascioliasis/veterinaria , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática/métodos , Hemo , Hidroxiapatitas , Enfermedades de las Ovejas/diagnóstico , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3865, 2024 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366006

RESUMEN

Fascioliasis is a zoonotic parasitic infection caused by Fasciola species in humans and animals. Despite significant advances in vaccination and new therapeutic agents, little attention has been paid to validating methods for the diagnosis of fascioliasis in humans. Serological techniques are convenient assays that significantly improves the diagnosis of Fasciola infection. However, a more sensitive method is required. The aim of this study was to compare the Real-Time PCR technique with the indirect-ELISA for the detection of Fasciola hepatica in human. Using a panel of sera from patients infected with Fasciola hepatica (n = 51), other parasitic infections (n = 7), and uninfected controls (n = 12), we optimized an ELISA which employs an excretory-secretory antigens from F. hepatica for the detection of human fascioliasis. After DNA extraction from the samples, molecular analysis was done using Real-Time PCR technique based on the Fasciola ribosomal ITS1 sequence. Of 70 patient serum samples, 44 (62.86%) samples were identified as positive F. hepatica infection using ELISA and Real-Time PCR assays. There was no cross-reaction with other parasitic diseases such as toxoplasmosis, leishmaniasis, taeniasis, hydatidosis, trichinosis, toxocariasis, and strongyloidiasis. The significant difference between the agreement and similarity of the results of patients with indirect ELISA and Real-Time PCR was 94.4% and 99.2%, respectively (Cohen's kappa ≥ 0.7; P = 0.02). Based on the Kappa agreement findings, the significant agreement between the results of ELISA and Real-Time PCR indicates the accuracy and reliability of these tests in the diagnosis of F. hepatica in humans.


Asunto(s)
Fasciola hepatica , Fasciola , Fascioliasis , Animales , Humanos , Fascioliasis/diagnóstico , Fascioliasis/parasitología , Reacción en Cadena en Tiempo Real de la Polimerasa , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Antígenos Helmínticos , Fasciola hepatica/genética , Zoonosis , Fasciola/genética , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática/métodos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Anticuerpos Antihelmínticos
11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 190, 2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350885

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization endorsed Truenat MTB rapid molecular assay in 2020 and recommended additional in-country evaluation studies before uptake. We evaluated the accuracy and operational feasibility of Truenat MTB assay (Truenat) in comparison with GeneXpert Ultra and culture. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 250 presumptive TB patients, participants were requested to provide a sputum sample on the day of their visit to the clinic. The sputum sample was homogenized and a portion was tested using GeneXpert Ultra as per the routine standard procedure and the other portion was tested using Truenat assay at the clinic laboratory. The second sample portion was processed for Concentrated Fluorescent smear Microscopy (CFM), LJ, and MGIT cultures. Truenat sensitivity and specificity were compared to GeneXpert Ultra and culture. Test performance characteristics and operational feasibility assessment data through interview of the study laboratory staff were also collected and summarized as proportions and percentages. RESULTS: Of the 250 participants recruited in the study, the sensitivity and specificity of Truenat was n/N (%, 95%CI); 66/82 (80.5, 70.2-88.4) and 156/159 (98.1, 94.5-99.6) when compared with Ultra, 50/64 (89.3, 66.0-87.4) and 166/180 (92.2, 87.2-95.6) when compared with LJ, 58/71 (81.7,70.7-89.8) and 131/138 (94.9, 89.8-97.9) when compared to MGIT culture and 59/73 (80.8, 69.9-89.1) and 159/169 (94.1,89.3-97.1) when compared to LJ and/or MGIT culture. The sensitivity of Truenat was lower, 14/23 (60.9, 40.6-82.8) among smear-negative compared to 45/50 (90.0, 78.1-96.6) among smear-positive participants but not different by HIV status. There were no special training needs especially among laboratory personnel with previous GeneXpert /molecular test experience, 19/242 (7.8%) error/invalid, and 12 (17,4%) uninterpretable/indeterminate results mainly for rifampicin resistance determination. However, there were 3 (3.5%) of GeneXpert Ultra indeterminate results. CONCLUSION: Among presumptive TB patients in Uganda, the Truenat assay has high sensitivity and specificity. The Truenat assay has acceptable operational feasibility attributes when compared with the GeneXpert Assay.


Asunto(s)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculosis Pulmonar , Humanos , Rifampin , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Uganda , Estudios Transversales , Esputo , Tuberculosis Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
12.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 142, 2024 Feb 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355463

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases are a serious threat to human especially since the COVID-19 outbreak has proved the importance and urgency of their diagnosis and treatment again. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) has been widely used and recognized in clinical and carried out localized testing in hospitals. Increasing the training of mNGS detection technicians can enhance their professional quality and more effectively realize the application value of the hospital platform. METHODS: Based on the initial theoretical understanding and practice of the mNGS platform for localization construction, we have designed a training program to enhance the ability of technicians to detect pathogens by utilizing mNGS, and hence to conduct training practices nationwide. RESULTS: Until August 30, 2022, the page views of online classes have reached 51,500 times and 6 of offline small-scale training courses have been conducted. A total of 67 trainees from 67 hospitals have participated in the training with a qualified rate of 100%. After the training course, the localization platform of 1 participating hospital has been put into use, 2 have added the mNGS localization platform for admission, among which 3 have expressed strong intention of localization. CONCLUSIONS: This study focuses on the training procedures and practical experience of the project which is the first systematic standardized program of mNGS in the world. It solves the training difficulties in the current industry, and effectively promotes the localization construction and application of mNGS in hospitals. It has great development potential in the future and is worth further promotion.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Secuenciación de Nucleótidos de Alto Rendimiento , Humanos , China , Brotes de Enfermedades , Hospitalización , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Prueba de COVID-19
13.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 24(1): 51, 2024 Feb 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355486

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Diagnostic codes are commonly used as inputs for clinical prediction models, to create labels for prediction tasks, and to identify cohorts for multicenter network studies. However, the coverage rates of diagnostic codes and their variability across institutions are underexplored. The primary objective was to describe lab- and diagnosis-based labels for 7 selected outcomes at three institutions. Secondary objectives were to describe agreement, sensitivity, and specificity of diagnosis-based labels against lab-based labels. METHODS: This study included three cohorts: SickKids from The Hospital for Sick Children, and StanfordPeds and StanfordAdults from Stanford Medicine. We included seven clinical outcomes with lab-based definitions: acute kidney injury, hyperkalemia, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. For each outcome, we created four lab-based labels (abnormal, mild, moderate and severe) based on test result and one diagnosis-based label. Proportion of admissions with a positive label were presented for each outcome stratified by cohort. Using lab-based labels as the gold standard, agreement using Cohen's Kappa, sensitivity and specificity were calculated for each lab-based severity level. RESULTS: The number of admissions included were: SickKids (n = 59,298), StanfordPeds (n = 24,639) and StanfordAdults (n = 159,985). The proportion of admissions with a positive diagnosis-based label was significantly higher for StanfordPeds compared to SickKids across all outcomes, with odds ratio (99.9% confidence interval) for abnormal diagnosis-based label ranging from 2.2 (1.7-2.7) for neutropenia to 18.4 (10.1-33.4) for hyperkalemia. Lab-based labels were more similar by institution. When using lab-based labels as the gold standard, Cohen's Kappa and sensitivity were lower at SickKids for all severity levels compared to StanfordPeds. CONCLUSIONS: Across multiple outcomes, diagnosis codes were consistently different between the two pediatric institutions. This difference was not explained by differences in test results. These results may have implications for machine learning model development and deployment.


Asunto(s)
Hiperpotasemia , Neutropenia , Humanos , Niño , Aprendizaje Automático , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Atención a la Salud
14.
J Clin Invest ; 134(4)2024 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357923

RESUMEN

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) applications for the diagnostics of infectious diseases has demonstrated great potential with three distinct approaches: whole-genome sequencing (WGS), targeted NGS (tNGS), and metagenomic NGS (mNGS, also known as clinical metagenomics). These approaches provide several advantages over traditional microbiologic methods, though challenges still exist.


Asunto(s)
Secuenciación de Nucleótidos de Alto Rendimiento , Metagenómica , Secuenciación Completa del Genoma , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
15.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 24(1): 28, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302928

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Selective reporting of results from only well-performing cut-offs leads to biased estimates of accuracy in primary studies of questionnaire-based screening tools and in meta-analyses that synthesize results. Individual participant data meta-analysis (IPDMA) of sensitivity and specificity at each cut-off via bivariate random-effects models (BREMs) can overcome this problem. However, IPDMA is laborious and depends on the ability to successfully obtain primary datasets, and BREMs ignore the correlation between cut-offs within primary studies. METHODS: We compared the performance of three recent multiple cut-off models developed by Steinhauser et al., Jones et al., and Hoyer and Kuss, that account for missing cut-offs when meta-analyzing diagnostic accuracy studies with multiple cut-offs, to BREMs fitted at each cut-off. We used data from 22 studies of the accuracy of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS; 4475 participants, 758 major depression cases). We fitted each of the three multiple cut-off models and BREMs to a dataset with results from only published cut-offs from each study (published data) and an IPD dataset with results for all cut-offs (full IPD data). We estimated pooled sensitivity and specificity with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each cut-off and the area under the curve. RESULTS: Compared to the BREMs fitted to the full IPD data, the Steinhauser et al., Jones et al., and Hoyer and Kuss models fitted to the published data produced similar receiver operating characteristic curves; though, the Hoyer and Kuss model had lower area under the curve, mainly due to estimating slightly lower sensitivity at lower cut-offs. When fitting the three multiple cut-off models to the full IPD data, a similar pattern of results was observed. Importantly, all models had similar 95% CIs for sensitivity and specificity, and the CI width increased with cut-off levels for sensitivity and decreased with an increasing cut-off for specificity, even the BREMs which treat each cut-off separately. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple cut-off models appear to be the favorable methods when only published data are available. While collecting IPD is expensive and time consuming, IPD can facilitate subgroup analyses that cannot be conducted with published data only.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Comportamiento del Uso de la Herramienta , Humanos , Depresión/diagnóstico , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Escalas de Valoración Psiquiátrica , Pruebas Diagnósticas de Rutina
16.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 187, 2024 Feb 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347444

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) could improve the diagnosed efficiency of pathogens in bloodstream infections or sepsis. Little is known about the clinical impact of mNGS test when used for the early diagnosis of suspected infections. Herein, our main objective was to assess the clinical efficacy of utilizing blood samples to perform mNGS for early diagnosis of suspected infections, as well as to evaluate its potential in guiding antimicrobial therapy decisions. METHODS: In this study, 212 adult hospitalized patients who underwent blood mNGS test in the early stage of suspected infections were enrolled. Diagnostic efficacy of mNGS test and blood culture was compared, and the clinical impact of mNGS on clinical care was analyzed. RESULTS: In our study, the total detection rate of blood mNGS was significantly higher than that of culture method (74.4% vs. 12.1%, P < 0.001) in the paired mNGS test and blood culture. Blood stream infection (107, 67.3%) comprised the largest component of all the diseases in our patients, and the detection rate of single blood sample subgroup was similar with that of multiple type of samples subgroup. Among the 187 patients complained with fever, there was no difference in the diagnostic efficacy of mNGS when blood specimens or additional other specimens were used in cases presenting only with fever. While, when patients had other symptoms except fever, the performance of mNGS was superior in cases with specimens of suspected infected sites and blood collected at the same time. Guided by mNGS results, therapeutic regimens for 70.3% cases (149/212) were changed, and the average hospitalized days were significantly shortened in cases with the earlier sampling time of admission. CONCLUSION: In this study, we emphasized the importance of blood mNGS in early infectious patients with mild and non-specific symptoms. Blood mNGS can be used as a supplement to conventional laboratory examination, and should be performed as soon as possible to guide clinicians to perform appropriate anti-infection treatment timely and effectively. Additionally, combining the contemporaneous samples from suspected infection sites could improve disease diagnosis and prognoses. Further research needs to be better validated in large-scale clinical trials to optimize diagnostic protocol, and the cost-utility analysis should be performed.


Asunto(s)
Ácidos Nucleicos Libres de Células , Sepsis , Adulto , Humanos , Sepsis/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoz , Secuenciación de Nucleótidos de Alto Rendimiento , Cultivo de Sangre , Fiebre , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
17.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0298218, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349925

RESUMEN

Measuring the severity of the disease of SARS-CoV-2 is complicated by the lack of valid estimations for the prevalence of infection. Self-administered rapid antigen diagnostic tests (Ag-RDTs) were available in the Netherlands since March 2021, requiring confirmation by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for positive results. We explored the possibility of utilizing the positive predictive value (PPV) of Ag-RDTs to estimate SARS-CoV-2 prevalence. We used data from all Public Health service testing facilities between 3 May 2021 and 10 April 2022. The PPV was calculated by dividing the number of positive RT-PCR results by the total number of confirmation tests performed, and used to estimate the prevalence and compared with the number of COVID-19 hospital admissions. In total 3,599,894 cases were included. The overall PPV was 91.8% and 88.8% were symptomatic. During our study period, the estimated prevalence ranged between 2-22% in symptomatic individuals and 2-14% in asymptomatic individuals, with a correlation between the estimated prevalence and hospital admissions two weeks later (r = 0.68 (p<0.01) and r = 0.60 (p<0.01) for symptomatic/asymptomatic individuals). The PPV of Ag-RDTs can help estimate changes in SARS-CoV-2 prevalence, especially when used in conjunction with other surveillance systems. However, the used method probably overestimated the true prevalence because of unmonitored differences in test propensity between individuals.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Países Bajos/epidemiología , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiología , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Prevalencia , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1330788, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352054

RESUMEN

Introduction: Infectious diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, necessitating the rapid identification and accurate diagnosis of pathogens. While unbiased metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) has been extensively utilized in clinical pathogen identification and scientific microbiome detection, there is limited research about the application of nanopore platform-based mNGS in the diagnostic performance of various infectious fluid samples. Methods: In this study, we collected 297 suspected infectious fluids from 10 clinical centers and detected them with conventional microbiology culture and nanopore platform-based mNGS. The objective was to assess detective and diagnostic performance of nanopore-sequencing technology (NST) in real-world scenarios. Results: Combined with gold-standard culture and clinical adjudication, nanopore sequencing demonstrated nearly 100% positive predictive agreements in microbial-colonized sites, such as the respiratory and urinary tracts. For samples collected from initially sterile body sites, the detected microorganisms were highly suspected pathogens, and the negative predictive agreements were relatively higher than those in the microbial-colonized sites, particularly with 100% in abscess and 95.7% in cerebrospinal fluid. Furthermore, consistent performance was also observed in the identification of antimicrobial resistance genes and drug susceptibility testing of pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Acinetobacter baumannii. Discussion: Rapid NST is a promising clinical tool to supplement gold-standard culture, and it has the potential improve patient prognosis and facilitate clinical treatment of infectious diseases.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Transmisibles , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Secuenciación de Nanoporos , Infecciones Estafilocócicas , Humanos , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Escherichia coli/genética , Secuenciación de Nucleótidos de Alto Rendimiento , Metagenómica , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 250: 116051, 2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301544

RESUMEN

Agroathelia rolfsii (A. rolfsii) is a fungal infection and poses a significant threat to over 500 plant species worldwide. It can reduce crop yields drastically resulting in substantial economic losses. While conventional detection methods like PCR offer high sensitivity and specificity, they require specialized and expensive equipment, limiting their applicability in resource-limited settings and in the field. Herein, we present an integrated workflow with nucleic acid extraction and isothermal amplification in a lab-on-a-chip cartridge based on immiscible filtration assisted by surface tension (IFAST) to detect A. rolfsii fungi in soil for point-of-need application. Our approach enabled both DNA extraction of A. rolfsii from soil and subsequent colorimetric loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) to be completed on a single chip, termed IFAST-LAMP. LAMP primers targeting ITS region of A. rolfsii were newly designed and tested. Two DNA extraction methods based on silica paramagnetic particles (PMPs) and three LAMP assays were compared. The best-performing assay was selected for on-chip extraction and detection of A. rolfsii from soil samples inoculated with concentrations of 3.75, 0.375 and 0.0375 mg fresh weight per 100-g soil (%FW). The full on-chip workflow was achieved within a 1-h turnaround time. The platform was capable of detecting as low as 3.75 %FW at 2 days after inoculation and down to 0.0375 %FW at 3 days after inoculation. The IFAST-LAMP could be suitable for field-applicability for A. rolfsii detection in low-resource settings.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , Ácidos Nucleicos , Tensión Superficial , Técnicas de Amplificación de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , ADN , Cartilla de ADN , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(5): e37067, 2024 Feb 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306560

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Serum galactomannan (GM) and ß-D-glucan (BG) are known markers of invasive aspergillosis (IA). The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficiency of serum GM and BG as diagnostic markers of symptomatic IA infection and compare the performance of the combined tests with that of either test individually. METHODS: A literature search was carried out using PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases to include relevant studies published in English up to May 2023. The quality assessment was performed using Review Manager 5.3 software. A bivariate model was applied to pool diagnostic parameters using Stata 14.0 software. We used Cochrane I2 index to assess heterogeneity and identify the potential source of heterogeneity by meta-regression. Paired t tests were used to compare the value of GM and BG for IA diagnosis when used in combination or alone. RESULTS: Sixteen studies were eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. For proven or probable IA, serum GM and BG yielded a pooled sensitivity of 0.53 (95% CI 0.40-0.66) vs 0.72 (95% CI 0.61-0.81) and a pooled specificity of 0.94 (95% CI 0.91-0.97) vs 0.82 (95% CI 0.73-0.88). The area under the curve (AUC) of ROC was 0.90 (95% CI 0.87-0.92) vs 0.83 (95% CI 0.80-0.86) for all studies. The pooled sensitivity and specificity for IA diagnosis by combined GM and BG assays (GM/BG) were 0.84 (95% CI 0.69-0.86) and 0.76 (95% CI 0.69-0.81), respectively. The sensitivity of the combined GM/BG test to diagnose IA was higher than of the GM or BG test alone. CONCLUSION: Serum GM and BG tests had a relatively high accuracy for IA diagnosis in suspected patients. The diagnostic accuracy of both assays is comparable, and the diagnostic sensitivity is further improved by the combined detection of the 2 markers.


Asunto(s)
Aspergilosis , Galactosa/análogos & derivados , Infecciones Fúngicas Invasoras , Aspergilosis Pulmonar Invasiva , beta-Glucanos , Humanos , Aspergilosis/diagnóstico , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Mananos , Infecciones Fúngicas Invasoras/diagnóstico , Aspergilosis Pulmonar Invasiva/diagnóstico
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